Great Britain. Census Office.

Census of England and Wales, 1871. (33 & 34 Vict. c. 107.) .. online

. (page 172 of 189)
Online LibraryGreat Britain. Census OfficeCensus of England and Wales, 1871. (33 & 34 Vict. c. 107.) .. → online text (page 172 of 189)
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109,196


29,127


22,145


8,325


87,051


20,802


4,718


4,582


136


453


40


4,129


96


44,576


43,892


684


6,873


62


37,019


622


57,668


25,264


32,404


4,294


0,877


20,970


25,527


19,519


14,685


4,834


2,470


434


12,2)5


4,400


1,106


1,041


65


120


9


921


56


5,190


4,874


316


527


75


4,347


241


146,343


140,585


5,758


33,155


3,007


107,430


2,691


60,023


58,508


1,455


10,425


493


48,143


902


6,638


1,019


5,619


10


80


1,009


5,539


489,251


241,079


248,172


241,079


248,172








2,256


2,067


189


334


40


1,733


149


2,202


2,129


133


23


2


2,106


131


26
2,994


26











26





2,994





464


,


2,530


_


400


406





3





403





3,012


3,511


101


48


1


3,463


100


i,;!82


1,281


1


'^78





1,003


1


2,202


1,891


311


366


2


1,525


309


9,565


4,208


5,357


3,078


5,227


530


130


341


304


37


39


9


265


28


457


340


117


-47


19


293


98


230


173


57


34


14


139


43


5,400


2,135


3,265


574


871


1,561


2.394


328


328





25





303




243,397





243,397





15,718





227,679


40,040





40,040





70





39,970


8,129


4,548


3,581


45


64


4,503


3,517


88,644


4,976


83,008


1,644


30,159


3,332


47,509

















* The classification of Occupations adopted in 1871 is essentially identical with that of 1861. The only variations of importance occur in Classes II. and VI.

The change has had the effect of bringing now into Class II., Order 4, all "Women (Wives, Widows, Daughters, or others) who have no specilied occupation, but are usuallv
employed in household duties. In 1861 the Wives of Innkeepers, Pubhcans, Lodging-lionse-keepers, Shopkeepers, Shoemakers, Butchers, and Parmers were placed in tlie
same orders (namely, 6, 6, 8, 11, and 12) as their Husbands, whom they often assist in business ; but this, it must be borne in mind, is the case with otlier as well as with
such Wives. As it may be assumed the great majority of Women of no specified occupation are mainly employed in Household and Family Duties, they are all classed
together in these Tables.

Class VI. now comprises Persons whose occupations are indefinite or not stated. Persons of Eank or Property not returned under any office or occupation and Scholars
and Children under the ago of 15. Thus Scholars and Children under the age of 15 not returned as engaged in any directly productive occupation, now form by tlieraselves
Order 18 ; whereas in 1801 they were grouped imder Class II., Order 4 Students and Scholars of ages is and upwards are now ui Class 1., Order 3 ; in 1861 thev were
included in Class II. '

With the foregoing exceptions no changes of importance have been made in the various Sub-Orders, Orders, and Classes of the classification of 1861.
Note.— The number of persons referred to the particular Classes, Orders, and Sub-Orders must not be taken to represent the total number following the Occupations
included therein ; for example, in addition to the persons returned in Class IV., Order 8, many persons connected with the land as Proprietors or Occupiers are classed
under other heads a;Coording to the Occupations in which they are principally engaged, gee notes at foot of Table 11,

32181. 4 C



r,7()



OCCUPATIONS OF THE PEOPLE.



[Div. XL





MONMOUTHSHIRE AND WA-LES— continued.








Table 10. — Occupations of Males and Females, distinguishing those under 20 Years of Age from those


of




20 Years and upwards— In Classes, Orders, and Sub-Orders — continued



















Uhdee 20 Teaes


20 Yeajjs op Aqe




Classes, Oedees, atsb Sxjb-Oedbes.






of


AGE.


AKD UPWARDS.




Peesons. Males.


1 Females


Males.


1 Females


Males.


1 Females.


Order


















Sub-Oedee


















6. 1. Mercantile Persons . - -


5,546


5,427


119


991


14


4,436


105




2. Other General Dealers
7. 1. Carriers ou Railways


4,333


2,525


1,808


256


149


2,269


1,659




4,974


4,965


9


725


2


4,240


7


Class III. ■{ 2. „ on Roads


2,969


2,741


228


293


4


2,448


224




3. ., on Canals and Rivers


808


798


10


149


3


649


7




4. „ on Seas and Rivers


16,019


15,995


24


2,432


2


13,563


22




5. Engaged in Storage


793


776


17


92


5


684


12




6. Messengers and Porters


1,302


1,272


30


814


15


458


15




S. 1. Agi'iculturists


134,032


105,026


29,006


21,814


8,314


83,212


20,692




2. Arboriculturists


548


.547


1


32


1


515





Class IV.


3. Horticulturists


3,743


3,623


120


299


10


3,324


110




9. 1. Persons engaged about Animates


4,718


4,582


136


453


40


4,129


96




""10. 1. Workers and Dealers in Books


1,649


1,549


100


459


26


1,090


74




2. „ „ Musical Instruments


40


40





4





36






3. „ „ Prints and Pictures


23


23





2





21






4. „ „ Carving and Figures


28


22


6





1


22


5




5. „ „ Tackle for Sports and Games


70


23


47





4


28


43




6. „ „ Designs, Medals, and Dies


143


141


2


27


_^


114


2




7. „ „ Watches and Philosophical Instru-


















ments


673


663


10


76


2


587


8




8. „ „ Surgical Instruments


1


1










1






9. „ „ Arms


59


55


4


10


2


45


2




10. „ „ Machines and Tools


4,787


4,779


8


906


1


3,873


7




11. „ „ Carriages


1,611


1,608


3


278


1


1,330


2




12. „ „ Harness


910


892


18


142


5


750


13




13. „ „ Ships


2,958


2,955


3


411


3


2,544






14. „ „ Houses and Buildings


29,719


29,387


332


4,276


8


25,111


324




15. „ „ Furniture


1,236


1,126


110


220


6


906


105




16. „ „ Chemicals
11. 1. Workers and Dealers in Wool and Worsted


669


628


41


62


4


566


37




3,402


2,462


940


457


209


2,005


731




2. „ „ Silk


30


24


6


4


1


20


5




3. „ „ Cotton and Flax


142


41


101


4


4


37


97




4. „ „ Mixed Materials


5,643


4,364


1,279


1,320


320


3,044


959




5. ,, „ Dress


48,029


18,142


29,887


2,460


6,300


15,682


23,587




6. „ ,, Hemp and other Fibrous Materials
12. 1. Workers and Dealers in Animal Food


422


231


191


49


43


182


148




4,951


4,108


843


599


92


3,509


751


Class V. -j


2. „ „ Vegetable Food


5,793


3,953


1,840


652


148


3,301


1,692
1,957




3. „ „ Drinks and Stimulants


8,775


6,624


2,151


1,219


194


5,405




13.1. Workei'S and Dealers in Grease, Gut, Bones, Horn, Ivory, and


















Whalebone


195


170


25


21


5


149


20




2. „ „ Slcins, Feathers, and Quills


820


799


21


81


3


718


18




3. „ „ Hair


91


72


19


18


1


54


18




14. 1. Workers and Dealers in Gums and Resins


143


129


14


18


6


111


8
17




2. „ „ Wood


3,830


3,810


20


382


3


3,428




3. „ „ Bark


32


21


11


3


3


18






4. „ „ Cane, Rush, and Straw


505


479


26


44





435


24




5. „ „ Paper
15. 1. Miners _ . .


680


435


245


80


61


355


184




72,732


72,440


292


18,631


147


53,809


145




2. Workers and Dealers iu Coal _ . -


4,339


2,725


1,614


232


747


2,493


867




3. „ „ Stone, Clay


20,832


20,310


522


3,475


348


16,835


174




4. ,^ „ Earthenware . _ -


709


518


191


78


44


440


147




5. „ „ Glass


20


17


3


1




16


3




G. „ „ Salt


6


5


1








5


1

3

17

44




7. „ „ Water


74


71


3


3




68




8. „ „ Gold, Silver, and Precious Stones


328


310


18


52


1


258




9. „ „ Copper - . .


2,406


2,327


79


387


35


1,940




10. „ „ Tin and Quicksilver


7,683


6,210


1,473


2,105


922


4,105


551




11. „ „ Zinc


556


556





87





469






12. ,, „ Lead and Antimony


842


576


266


110


129


466


137

8

594




13. „ „ Brass and other Mixed Metals


771


761


10


136


2


625




14. „ „ Iron and Steel


35,045


33,759


1,286


7,858


692


25,901




'16. 1. General Labourers - -


43,997


43,095


902


6,158


259


36,937
11,206


643
319




2. Other Persons of indefinite Occupations


16,026


15,473


553


4,267


234




17. 1 . Persons of Rank or Propeety not returned under any Office
















Class VI. <


or Occupation
18. 1. Scholars and Children not engaged in any directly Productive


6,638


1,019


5,619


10


80


1,009


5,539




















Occupation


489,251


241,079


248,172


241,079


248,172








Note. — Paup


ers, prisoners, and other persons in public Institutions, as well as persons described as superannuated


or retired, are referre


d to specif
ssVL




3ns when




the nature of their former employment has been stated, the residue being classed under Su


b-order 2, Order 10, (Jla





Monmouthshire and Wales.]



OCCUPATIONS OF THE PEOPLE.



Table 11.— Occupations of Males at different Periods of A^e— In Registration Counties.



Occupations.



42 MONMOUTHSHIRE.



Ages.— Males.



Ail I 5



10-



15-



20-25-



35-



45-



55-Cr)-



Total of Males



I.— Pkofessional Class.

1.

1. Civil Service
' Govt. Mssngrs., 'Wrl;mn.,&c,
" Other Govei^nment Oi^cers

"2. Magistrate (so returned) .

Officer of Liiw Court .
^ Police
" Prison Officer .

Mimic, Parish, Union Offlr.

S. Jiast India and Col. Serv. .



1. Army Officer (efl'octive)
Array Ret. & Hali Pay Officer
Soldier

IMilitiH, A^olunteers .
Array Pensioner

• «

2. Na^-y Officer (effective)
Navy liet. & Half-pay Officer
Seaman, R.N. .

Hoyal iMarine .
Coastjyuard, R.N. Reserve.
Navy Pensioner.



3.

1. Clergyman.
Protestant Minister .
Roiiian' Catholic Priest
IMissionary, Scripture Rdr.
Church, Chapel Officer
Others

2. Bai'ristcr ....
Solicitor, Attorne,y

Law Student

iaw Clerk ....

3. Physician, Siu-gcon .
Medical-Assistant, Student
Dentist

Chemist, Druggist
Others

4. Author, Editor, Journalist
Students and Others .

5. Painter, Artist .
Sculptor ....
Engraver ....
Photographer .

6. Musician, Music Master .

17. Actor

Exhibitions, Shows — Service
Others eng. in Theatres, &o.

8. Schoolmaster .
Teacher, Professor, Lecturer

9. Civil Engineer .

Other Seientiflo Persons .



II.— Domestic Class.

S.'

1. Inn, Hotel Keeper, Publican
Beerseller ....

' Lodging, Board-ho., Keeper
Cofiee-ho.,Eating-ho.,Keepr.
.• Institution Service .
Others ....

2. Domestic Servant (General)

Coachman
^ Gr^om

Gardener .

Inn, Hotel Servant .
K Cook (not Domestic Servt.)
» Others ....



97



51
21
180
U
76



18
2-t
507
89
35

2
4
1
1
3



179

ISU

18

6

20

16


71



313

"J,

116

5



6
12

.3
23

61

13

5

18

14.8
78

41
1



616
SO
6
9
26
5

474
60

124
86
65
1
19



67



;S48



14



133
20
2
2
5
1

26

8

10

16



Occupations.



42 MONMOUTHSHIRE— co7i^.



Ages. — Males — cant.



AriEs



Und'



10-



15-20-2.5-



35-



55-



65-



III.— COMMEKCIAL CLASS.

6.

1. Merchant ....
Banker ....
Bank Service

Insurance, Benefit Soc.Scrv.
Broker, Agent, Factor
Salesman (not otli. dscrd.)
Auctioneer ,Valur.,Ho.Agent
Accountant
Coramercial Clerk
Commercial Trnveller
Other Mercantile Men

2. Pawnbroker
Shopkeeper (branch un-
defined). General Dealer

Huckster, Costermonger
Hawker, Pedlar.



1. Raihv. Eng. Driver, Stoker
Railw. OfIir.,Clrk.,Sta.-mast.
Railway Attendant, Servant

2. Toll Colleotr.,Tnp.-gt.Keopr.
Coach, Omnlis., Cab Ownci',

Livery Stable Keeper
Coachman (not domestic).

Cabman, Plyman .
Carman, Carrier, Carter

3. Inland Navigation Service
Bargeman, Waterman
Others ....

4. Shipowner.

Steam Navigation Service.
Ship Steward, Cook .
ScainMii (Merch;iiit Service)

Pilot

IJoatiiKii) on Sens
Harlinur Dock Scrv.. Lab..
AVharhiiger
Others

5. AVnvrhoiisonifin . .
Metci-, Wciiclier .

6. Messgr., Porter. Errand Boy
Telegraph Company Service



IV.— Ageioultueal Class.
3.

1. Land Proprietor (so retnd.)*
Parmer, Grazier.
Parmer's Son, Brother,

Grandson, Nephew.
Farm Bailiff
Agricultural Labourer
Shepherd (out-door) .
Farm Servant (indoor)
Land SurvjT., Estate Agent
Land Drainage Service
Ag. Machine' Propr, Attendt.
Others in Agriculture

2. Woodman .

3. Nrsrymn.,Seodsmn., Florist
Gardener .



Horse Proprietor, Dealer

Horse Breaker .

Horse-kpr., Groom, Jockey

Parrier, Veterinary Surgeon

Cattle, Sheep, PigSalesman

Drover

Gamekeeper

Vermin Destroyer

Fisherman.

Others eng. about Animals



v.— In-dusteial Class.
10.

1. Bookseller, Publisher
Bookbinder

Printer ....
Newspaper Agent, News-
room Keeper .

Others eng. in Publications

2. Musical Instrmt.Mkr.,Dh-. '



43












4


10


6


11


10


1




10














2


4




a


1




55










9


20


15


5


3


1


2




19














7


6


3


1


2




202










fi


11


37


61


40


.31


14




4










1




1






2






47












1


5


14


15


5


5




115








4


20


29


22


20


12


6




386






22


LKI


88


79


46


17


12


9




105








5


H


40


35


11


5






2
















1


1






40






f


6


7


6


11


4


2






98






.■1


8


10


13


22


18


13


8




IS






2


2




4


3


2


3


2




lUtt






6


10


14


24


3'.1


27


25


16


S


181








12


17


72


2-1


20


6






224






rt


24


41


64


38


M


15


;;




577






13


66


119


192


110


46


23


7


1


28












2


■6


6


5


7


2


9










1


;j


2


2






1


























11)7
61






2


12


2',)


52


.34


26


7


4


1






1


6


10


12


13


11


6


2




14








1


1


2




5


3


2




70






1


3


6


If


16


10


17


9




'■'














1


1




1




10












2


1


4


2


1




211 >






1


3


6


6


3


1








17






3


3


1


4


4


2








l:',7(i






;;s


21 1;


217


■!84


270


155


61


■22


13


59








7


5


17


16


3


8


3




24








4


4


4


3


3


4


2




435






5


51


42


97


inn


72


38


20


4


8












4


3


1








2
















1




1




61






1


6


7


14


It


11


6


2




95






7


9


6


21


15


17


16


5


1


292




2


150


62


12


17


11


13


15


a


2


14






1


3


4


4


2










114








2


1


7


17


27


28


18


14


2492








18


66


325


478


563


549


328


175


9.37




3


342


244


262


60


IS


4


4


1


187








6


36


57


43


31


n




3732




144


346


323


HI 7


678


594


497


3,54


176


135






4


6


22


37


,32


20


in


4


1552




2i5


509


32S


2:in


115


86


41


16


4


85




1


1


4


S


4


6


4


6


1


9








1




a


3


1


1


1




20








1




3


8


5


3






17








6


2


1


3


8


1


1




223






6


12


23


37


36


40


38


24


7


16








1




3


2


5


2


1


1


700






9


39


54


117


121)


141


118


77


25


17










5


4


6




1


1




8












1


1


5


1






347






9


33


40


72


70


64


41


14


4


48








3


6


12


9


12


2


3


1


34








3




5


11


7


5


3




12








1




1


1


4


4


1




82








5


9


16


19


19


11


1


1


10














2


2


2


3




69








10


7


14


12


7


7


4


8


24




i






4


6


7


3


2


1




26








3


3


6


5


7




2




12






2


1


1


1


3


2


1


1




140






10


39


23


33


14


12


8




1


18


.




2


2


1


4


3


4


1


1




6


-










2


3


1








5










1


1


1




1


1








detail in the Summary Table for England and Wales.

The Tables do not always give the total number of persons wholly or partially following any particular Occupation ; as many individuals have two or more Occmintio„«
under only one of which (generally the most important) they are classed. ^- "»,, ui ujuie utcupations,

The numbers returned under trades, manufactures, and some professions, include apprentices, assistants, and workpeople, as well as employers Vervvounir nev«„„„
are thus sometimes classed under Occupations followed chiefly by adults. f y < «.= i^iupiuj'cis. veiy young persons

The Tahle is read thus :— In MonmoutlisUre tliere were ZW Commercial Clerks of all ages, of iohom22were aaed 10 and under in uenrs iin,T/,»,; le «„j ,
aged Wandunder 26years,19aged 25 andunder 35years,ili agedSB and under 4&years,ind so on for e^ch respective cTumn^age^ See Order t SuTordZ^r ^ ''""''''' ^^

occu^atior^TtSredassified.^'""™^™*"'" '" '"" *'><' <^"fel™b«'- »' Persons who own land, for many owners having returned themselves under professions or

4C2



OCCUPATIONS OF THE PEOPLE.



[Div. XI.



Table 11. — Occupations of Males at different Periods of Age — In Eegistration Counties


— cent


inued










42 MONMOUTHSHIRE -co7ii.


Occupations.


42 MONMOUTHSHIRE— co«!5.


Occupations.




Ages. — Males — cont.





Ages.-


—Males — cont.




lUnd'
Ail S j
Aces-Iy^^^


5-


10-15-20-


25J35- 45- 55-65-

1 1 I


"75

&

up*""


A.L ^f


5-


lo-


15-20-


25-


35-45-


55-


75

55- &
up'i'


X 0. — cont.


























X2—cont.


























S. liithoRrapher.Litlios.Prmti-.


1








1
















3. Maltster ....


105








6


4


19


31


22


9


9


S


Othe7-s


1












i













Brewer ....
Wine and Spirit Merchant


123
30








12

1


11
3


28
4


29
10


25

7


12
3


4

1


2
1


5, Toy Maker, Dealer .


4














1


1




2




Cellarman ....


7








1


1


1


3


1


.


.


,


Others ....


1










1














GingerBr.,SodaWr.,&c.,Mkr.


7








.




2


1


4


.


,


,




























Sugar Refiner .


2 . 1










2


.






.


,


6. Pattern Designer
Type-founder .
Others ....


18








6


4


3


1


3


2






Grocer, Tea Dealer .


902






ss


182


177


170


116


105


66


44


5


1
11








4


4


3


1










TobaccCigar, Snuff Manuf.,
Tobacconist .


18






1


2


4


7


2




1


1






























Others ....


12










1


4


4


2


1


.


,


7. "Watch Maker, Clock Maker
Philosoph.Inst.M.; Optician


88








7


12


21


18


17


5


3


6




























4








1


1




1


1








13.

1. Tallow Chandler


























Weighing Machine, Scale,
Measui'e Maker


4












1


2


1








28








2


4


4


3


B


5


6






























Others ....


3








1






1


.


1


.


,


10. Engine and Machine Maker


1268






50


182


229


367


233


112


73


23


7




























Spinning, Weaving, Machine


























2. Fellmonger


17








1


2


6


2


3


.


2


1


Maker ....


29






5


8


4


5


1


3


3






Tanner ....


28






i


2


1


6


6


3


4


2


8


Ag.ImplomentMachineMkr,
Millwright.


7
60






1

1


2
6


1

4


1
9


1
10


1
15


li


3


i


Currier ....
Leather Case, Portmanteau,


39






1


4


3


5


6


11


3


4


2


Tool Maker, Dealer .


1














1










Bag Maker


1
















.


1


.


«


File Maker, Dealer .


9








2




2


1


i


2




i


Others ....


2










.






.


2


.





Saw Maker, Dealer .


2
















1


1
































Cutler


8










i


2




4




i




3. Brush, Broom Maker


20






1


3


1


1


4


4


4


%


,


Pin Manufacture


2








i










i
































11. Coachmaker


71








17


12


13


8


14


4


3




la.


























Wheelwright


158






2


10


20


29


28


29


17


12


2


1. Oi]-miller, Refiner


2












1






1


'




Others eng. about Carriages


13










1





4


2


.






Oil and Oolourman .


1












1










*


12. Saddler, Hrness., Whip Mkr.


111






3


7


13


30


23


15


14


4


2


French-polisher .
Others


11
2






i


2


2


1


2


i

1





2


i


13. Ship-builder, Shipwright,


























3. Timber, Wood Mroht., Dlr.


362






10


37


33


68


67


61


40


24


11


Boat builder .


101








7


13


21


14


21


10


5


1


Sawyer ....


313






8


15


32


60


63


66


46


28


6


Sail Maker.


41






6


8


5


8


G


2


3


1


3


Lath, Fence, Hurdle Maker


38








2


5


10


7


7


2


6




Otliers ....


6










"


1




1


^






Wood Turner. Worker
Box and Packing Case Mkr.


76
5






4
1


15


11
1


19


10


9

1


3

2


4


i


14. House Proprietor*


13






.






2


1


2


6


1


1


Cooper, Hoop-maker and






















*


Architect


15








4


4


2


3


1


1


.




Bender ....


137






4


14


15


27


25


22


10


13


7


Surveyor .


2.5






i


2


4


6


5


2


4
































Builder ....


117








5





21


22


.31


23


7


2


3. Cork Cutter, Manufacturer


6






1


1




2













Carpenter, Joiner


1633






as


170


216


343


247


261


237


96


56






















'


*


*


Bricklayer .


98






2


8


18


26


16


11


8


6


3


4. Basketmaker


64











8


6


14


6


7


4


3


Marble Mason .


7










1


2


a




1


1




Hay and StTaw Dealer


22








1


2


4


5


3


4


1


2


Mason, Pavior .


1068






68


190


256


349


267


260


176


75


28


Thatcher ....


5








\










3


1




Slater, Tiler


66






1


6


10


10


7


8


12


8


5


Others ....


4






*










2


X




X


Plasterer ....


350






It


42


5S


74


61


41


40


19


11










*




*




*






*




Paperhanger


5










2


1


1








1


3. Rag Gatherer, Dealer


16








1






5


4


3


1


2


Plumber, Painter, Glazier .


435






18


oi


73


123


82


34


3t


16


4


Paper Manufacture .


69






5





7


16


13


6


7


8


3


Others


2












3












Stationer (not Law) .


16


[








1


6


2


4


2


1






94






















Other Workers in Paper .


8














2


3


3






16. Cabinet Maker, Upholsterer






9


13


18


17


16


10


11



Online LibraryGreat Britain. Census OfficeCensus of England and Wales, 1871. (33 & 34 Vict. c. 107.) .. → online text (page 172 of 189)