Great Britain. Census Office.

Census of England and Wales, 1871. (33 & 34 Vict. c. 107.) .. online

. (page 86 of 189)
Online LibraryGreat Britain. Census OfficeCensus of England and Wales, 1871. (33 & 34 Vict. c. 107.) .. → online text (page 86 of 189)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


686


162


53


9


1










6428


346


6774


N


60-














2


17


39


79


198


359


861


1374


1908


538


150


23


6










5547


334


6871


<


65-














2


4


17


37


86


144


280


573


1041


1151


338


80


12










3767


207


3974




70-
















2


10


19


48


62


131


208


464


714


742


217


48










2668


130


2798




75-














1


3


8


4


25


22


56


68


139


231


820


371


97


la


2






1S63


70


1433




80-
















2


2


2


4


12


18


18


28


47


99


147


111


2S


6






619


23


543




86-
















.




.


,


3


3


7


7


15


16


31


23


IS


3






121


8


129




90-
















.


.




,


,


.


1


2


4


,


2


4


2


2






17


.


17




95-


















.


.




.


,


.




1


1








,






2


1


3




100
. & upwards


}■

































1






















1





1


Wives whose
Husbands were


1


2
1


17
1


99
12


255
22


591
37


4928
466


9748
775


10396
723


9650
596


9473
665


8693
520


7782
639


6643
849


4608
284


3957
182


1735
93


886
37


304
16


65
I


13


1





77748


3846


81589


resident with
them

Wives whose
Husbands were
absent


77748 Wi
wer(

5226 Wi
wer


ves whose Husbands
; resident with them.

ves whose Husbands
e absent.


Tot
e


alofWiVES
numerated -


V


S


18


111


379


628


6394


10638


11118


10246


10037


9118


8321


5992


4892


3139


1828


923


320


7C


IS


1




82969 To1
mer


al of W]
ated.


VES enu-



240



OCCUPATIONS OF THE PEOPLE.



[Div. V.



OCCUPATIONS OF THE PEOPLE.
DIVISION v.— SOUTH-WESTERN COUNTIES.



Table 10. — Occupations of Males and Females, distinguishing those under 20 Years of Age from those of

20 Years and upwards. — In Classes, Orders, and Sub-Orders.*











Under 20 Teaks


20 YeAES or AGE










op age.


AND upwards.




Persons.


MjUles.


Females.


Males.


1 Females


Males.


Femams.


A.I.Z. VEStSONS .....


1,880,777


896,085


984,692


433,652


428,256


462,433


556,436


CLASSES.
















X. PROFESSIOia'A:^ CI.ASS ....


70,428


51,957


18,471


11,729


8,889


40,228


9,582


zi. noniESTic cz.ass . . . . -


500,904


19,771


481,133


4,658


63,691


15,113


417,442


III. COniniEiRCIAI. CI.ASS ....


43,252


38,871


4,381


8,379


372


30,492


4,009


IV. ACRICtriLTTTRAI. CI.ASS ....


223,294


193,450


29,844


44,497


9,819


148,953


20,025


V. INBTTSTRIAI. CXiASS . . . . -


336,104


225,093


111,011


47,420


24,951


177,673


86,060


VI. inri]


tZriH-ITi: AND HON'-PRODTrCTIVi: CIiASS


706,795


366,943


339,852


316,969


320,534


49,974


19,318


ORDEES.


















1. Persons engaged in the General or Local Government o/" </ie


















Country - - - -


9,013


8,424


589


356


40


8,068


549


Class I. <


2. Persons engaged in the Deeencb of the Country -


23,565


23,565





4,645





18,920







3. Persons engaged in the Learned Professions or in Lite-
rature, Art, and Science (with their immediate Sub-


















ordinates) - ....-


37,850


19,968


17,882


6,728


8,849


13,240


9,033




f 4. Wives and Women engaged generally in Household Duties
















Class II. .(


but assisting in certain cases in the Husbands' Business


357,525





357,525





19,885





337,640


5. Persons engaged in entertaining, and performing Personal


















Offices /(»• Man


143,379


19,771


123,608


4,658


43,806


15,113


79,802




r 6. Persons who buy or sell, keep or lend Money, Houses, or
















Class III. <


Goods o/vAKious Kinds
7. Persons engaged in the Conveyance of Men, Animals, Goods,


14,122


10,374


3,748


1,425


238


8,949


3,510




and Messages - -


29,130


28,497


633


6,954


134


21,543


499




[" 8. Veisons possessing or working the Land, and engaged in growing
















Class IV. 1


Grain, Fruits, Grasses, Animals, and other Products


212,067


182,266


29,801


42,476


9,814


139,790


19,987




9. Persons engaged about Animals


11,227


11,184


43


2,021


5


9,163


38




rxo. Persons engaged in Art and Mecsanic Productions, in which


















Matters of various kinds are used in combination


76,736


73,857


2,879


14,824


280


59,033


2,599




11. Persons working and dealing in the Textile Fabrics and in
















Class V. .


Dress -.-....


134,227


39,686


94,541


7,997


20,778


31,689


73,763


12. Persons working and dealing in Food and Drinks


37,190


30,805


6,385


5,442


629


25,363


5,756




13. Persons working and dealing in Animal Substances


4,001


3,587


414


524


155


3,063


259




14. Persons working and dealing in Vegetable Substances


11,582


10,275


1,307


1,357


411


8,918


896




15. Persons worAi'n^ anrf (/ea/m^ in Minerals


72,368


66,883


5,485


17,276


2,698


49,607


2,787




ri6. Labourers AND others — Branch of labour undefined


65,808


60,883


4,925


13,518


1,804


47,365


3,121




17. Persons of Rank or Property not returned under any Office
















Class VI. -


or Occupation _ - - - -
18. Scholars and Children not engaged in any directly Pro-


18,980


2,640


16,340


31


143


2,609


16,197




ductive Occupation ....


622,007


303,420


318,587


303,420


318,587








Oi


^rB.ORD.R SUB-ORDESS.


















f 1. 1. Officers of National Government


4,716


4,360


356


324


35


4,036


321




2. Officers of Local Government


4,252


4,019


233


32


5


3,987


228




3. Officers of East India and Colonial Government


45


45











45







2. 1. Army - - - -


7,841


7,841





1,238





6,603


_




2. Navy ...


15,724


15,724





3,407





12,317





Class I.


3. 1. Clergymen, Ministers, and Others connected with Eeligion .


4,894


4,421


473


27


10


4,394


463


2. Lawyers and Law Stationers


2,389


2,388


1


470





1,918


1




3. Physicians, Surgeons, and Druggists


3,218


3,023


195


438





2,585


195




4. Authors, Literary Persons, and Students


12,654


5,480


7,174


4,858


6,952


622


222




5. Artists ....


728


658


70


81


11


577


59




6. Musicians


960


650


310


81


48


569


262




7. Actors


221


178


43


49


12


129


31




8. Teachers . . ...


12,444


2,830


9,614


697


1,816


2,133


7,798




9. Scientific Persons - . -


342


340


2


27




313


2




r 4. 1. Wives and others mainly engaged in Household Duties


317,658





317,658





19,807


_


297,851


2. Wires assisting generally in their Husbands' Business


39,867





39,867





78





39,789


Class II. ^
















S. 1. Engaged in Board and Lodging - -


10,458


0,272


4,186


127


131


6,145


4,055




2. Attendants (Domestic Servants, &c.)


132,921


13,499


119,422


4,531


43,675


8,968


75,747



















* The classification of Occupations adopted in 1871 is essentially identical with that of 18R1. The only variations of importance occur in Classes II. and VI.

The change has had the effect of bringiiif; now into Class II., Order 4, all Women (Wives, Widows, Daughters, or others) who have no specified occupation, but are usually
employed in household duties. In 1801 the Wives of Innkeepers, Publicans, Lodging-house-keepers, Shopkeepers, Shoemakers, Butchers, and Farmers were placed in the
same orders (namel.v, 5, 6, 8, 11. and 12) as their Husbands, whom they often assist lu business ; but this, it must be borne in mind, is the case with other as well as with
such Wives. As it may be assumed the great majority of Women of no specified occupation are mainly employed in Household and Family Duties, they are all classed
together m these Tables.

Class "VI. now comprises Persons whose occupations are indefinite or not stated. Persons of Rank or Property not returned under any office or occupation, and Scholars
and Children under the af5e of 15. Thus Scholars and Children under the age of 15 not returned as engaged in any directly productive occupation now form by themselves
Order 18; whereas in 1861 they were grouped under Class II., Order i. Students and Scholars of ages is and upwards are now in Class I., Order 3 • in 1861 they were
included in Class II.

With the foregoing exceptions no changes of importance have been made in the various Sub-Orders, Orders, and Classes of the classification of 1861.

Note.— The number of persons referred to the particular Classes, Orders, and Sub-Orders must not be taken to represent the total number following the Occupations
included therein ; for example, in addition to the persons returned in Class IV., Order 8, many persons connected with the land as Proprietors or Occupiers are classed
under other heads according to the Occupations in which they ave principally engaged. See notes at toot of Table 11.



South-western Counties.]



OCCUPATIONS OF THE PEOPLE.



241



SOUTH-WESTERN COUNTIES— cottimttfti



Table 10. — Occupations of Males and Females, distinguishing those under 20 Years of Age from those of
20 Years and upwards. — In Classes, Orders, and Sub-Orders — continued.









All Ages.




Under 20 Ye AES


20 Yeaes n-e Age




Classes, Okdees, and Sub-Okbees.








OF age.


AND upwaeds.




Peesons.


Males.


Females.


Males.


Females.


Males.


Females,


Order












" " "






SUB-OUDEU


















6. 1. Mercantile Persons . - . - .


8,074


6,971


1,103


1,115


31


5,856


1,072




2. Other General Dealers - . . . .
7. 1. Carriers on Railways


6,048


3,403


2,645


310


207


3,093


2,438




3,937


3,915


22


408


3


3,. 507


19


Class IZX. <


2. „ on Roads . - . . .


5,443


5,066


377


459


12


4,607


365




3. „ on Canals and Rivers - - -


1,277


1,267


10


125


1


1,142


9




4. „ on Seas and Rivers . - - -


12,481


12,447


34


1,960





10,487


34




5. Engaged in Storage - - -


559


547


12


143


1


404


11




6. Messengers and Porters


5,433
200,481


5,255


178


3,859


117


1,396


61




8. 1. Agriculturists


170,979


29,502


41,177


9,760


129,802


19,742




2. Arhoriculturists ...


1,132


1,132





122





1,010


. ,


Class IV. t


3. Horticultuiists - - -


10,454


10,155


299


1,177


54


8,978


245




. 9. 1. Persons engaged about AsruKLS


11,227


11,184


43


2,021


5


9,163


38




10. 1. Workers and Dealers in Books


3,401


3,039


362


1,106


115


1,933


247




2. „ „ Musical Instruments


175


168


7


20





148


7




3. „ „ Prints and Pictures


122


122





36





86







4. „ „ Carving and Figures - - -


141


123


18


23





100


18




5. „ „ Tackle for Sports and Games


86


41


45


5


2


36


43




6. „ „ Designs, Medals, and Dies -


70


70





15


.


55







7. „ „ Watches and Philosophical Instru-


1,136


1,121


15


173


2


948


13




ments


















8. „ „ Surgical Instruments


14


9


5





1


9


4




9. „ „ Arms


193


183


10


25


3


158


7




10. „ „ Machines and Tools - - -


5,205


5,151


54


1,020


11


4,131


43




11. „ „ Carriages . .


3,879


3,868


16


845


4


3,018


12




12. „ „ Harness


1,722


1,680


42


414


5


1,266


37




13. „ „ Ships - -


4,001


3,987


14


660


4


3,327


10




14. „ „ Houses and Buildings


52,222


50,721


1,501


9,766


17


40,955


1,484




15. ,, „ Purniture - -


3,793


3,158


635


667


71


2,491


564




16. „ „ Chemicals


576


421


155


49


45


372


110




11. 1. Workers and Dealers in Wool and Worsted


9,484


4,323


5,161


950


1,538


3,373


3,623




2. „ „ Silk


2,648


506


2,142


275


1,065


231


3,077




3. „ „ Cotton and Flax


6,470


1,125


5,345


349


1,54 6


776


3,799




4. „ „ Mixed Materials


9,646


4,588


5,058


1,314


1,559


3,274


3,499




5. „ „ Dress ...


102,536


27,100


75,436


4,497


14,716


22,603


60,720




6. „ „ Hemp and other Fibrous Materials -
12. 1. Workers and Dealers in Animal Food


3,443


2,044


1,399


612


354


1,432


1,045




11,610


10,240


1,370


1,673


149


8,567


1,221




2. „ „ Vegetable Food


12,699


10,914


1,785


2,268


182


8,646


1,603


Class V.[-


3. „ „ Drinks and Stimulants


12,881


9,651


3,230


1,501


298


8,150


2,932




13. 1. Workers and Dealers in Grease, Gut, Bones, Horn, Ivory, and


















Whalebone


559


540


19


71


2


469


17


'


.2. „ „ Skins, Feathers, and Quills


2,453


2,397


56


305


4


2,092


52




3. „ ,,, Hair


989


650


339


148


149


502


190




14. 1. Workers and Dealers in Gums and Resins


440


416


24


64


4


352


20




2. „ „ Wood


5,865


5,792


73


660


21


5,132


52




3. „ „ Bark


76


74


2


6





68


2




4. „ „ Cane, Rush, and Straw


2,901


2,774


127


377


24


2,397


103




5. „ „ Paper - - -


2,300


1,219


1,031


250
10,375


362


969


719




15. 1. Miners - ...


36,052


31,849


4,203


2,237


21,474


1,966




2. Workers and Dealers in Coal


2,749


2,664


85


202


2


2,462


83




3. „ „ Stone, Clay - - -


12,458


12,343


115


1,982


34


10,361


81




4. „ „ Earthenware


1,218


983


235


194


55


789


180




5. * „ „ Glass


251


246


5


63




183


5




6. „ „ Salt -


5


4


1








4


1




7. „ „ Water ....


105


102


3


5





97


3




8. „ „ Gold, Silver, and Precious Stones -


561


528


33


•101


4


427


29




9. „ „ Copper - . - -


176


116


60


27


27


89


33




10. „ „ Tin and Quicksilver


2,810


2,254


556


886


296


1,368


260




U. „ „ Zinc


9


9





1




8







12. „ „ Lead and Antimony . . -


92


50


42


10


28


40


•14




13. „ „ Brass and other Mixed Metals


870


863


7


181


I


682


6




14. „ „ Iron and Steel


15,012


14,872


140


3,249


14


11,623


126




16. 1. General Labourers - - - -


45,469


44,072


1,397


8,647


240


35,425


1,157




2. Other Persons of indefinite Occupations . . -


20,339


16,811


3,528


4,871


1,564


11,940


1,964


Class VI J


17. 1. Persons ©/"Rank or Peopekty not returned under any Office


















or Occupation


18,980


2,640


16,340


31


143


2,609


16,197




18. 1. Scholars and Children not engaged in any directly Productive


















Occupation - . ...


622,007


303,420


318,587


303,420


318,587









Note.— Paupers, prisoners, and other persons in public institutions, as well as persons described as superannuated or retired, are referred to specific occupations when
the nature of their former employment has been stated, the residue being classed under Sub-order 2, Order 16, Class VI.



32181,



H h



2¥'



OCCUPATIONS OF THE PEOPLE.



[Div. V.



Table 11. — Occupations of Males at different Periods of Age.


— In Kegisteation Counties.












17 WILTSHIRE





18 DORSETSHIRE.


Occupations.


Ages.— Males.


Ages.


— Males.










All
Ages.


Under

5
rears


5-


10-


15-


20-


25-


35-


45- 55-


65-


75

&

up*=


All
Ages.


Under

5
Tears


5-


10-


15-


20-


25-


3.5-


4.5-


Sf)-


65-


75

k


Total of males -


120434


16173


1516'


14295


11817


9282


14123


12338


11037


8372


6375


2456


92574


12278


1149


410663


9496


7394


11708


9692


S163


6180


5967


164


S.— l^OFESSIONAL CLASS.


















































1. 1. Civil SltvIps . . .

CoA-rmmeiit MeKson^rers. workmen, &c.

tiihfv Onvrrninenf Ot^icc^TH .


17B

164

6






8


10
13


19

22


42
33

2


21
32


31
21


32
17

1


IB
6

2


5
2


163

123

6






3

B


8
8


7
14


36

38

1


29

22
2


21

15

1


30
13

1


11
7


8
1


2. Magistrate (so returned)
ptficer of Law Court _ .
Police ... ...

Prison Officer

Municipal, Parish, Union, Officer .
other Local Govermnent Officers


65
10

246
17

1B9
1








2
4


28


3

4
63

2
33


9

2
73
3

34

1


16
1

47
6

33


18
3

27
3

30


11

6

2

12


8

i

6


79

19

174

251

82

2








i


2
20

4

1


8

7i

82
18


13
B
66
83
20


16

7
20
67
17


19

6

22
10
2


16
3
1
3

14


8
2

i


3. JEast India and Colonial Service.


1



















1






1













1














S. 1. Army Officer (effective)

Army Retired and Half Pay Officer .

Soldier

Militia, Volunteers

Army Pensioner

Otliers .


17
.31

162
63

164
1








19


2
1

54
7


4
6
66
5
2


3

10
26
23
21


4
7
6
11
67
1


1
4
1
3
26


3

4

1

17


2i


81
18
1088
52
67






3


a

196

4


10

323
6


38

2

405

9

2


14

2

147

16

20


8

4

9

12

14


5
4
2
4
10


2

a
1
1

7


a

4
2

14


'2. Navy Officer (effective)

Navy Retired and Half-pay Officer

Seaman, R.N

Royal Marine

Coastguard, Royal Naval Reserve

Navy Pensioner

Otfierx


12
10
12
19

1
84

2




*




2


4
2


2
1
1
6

4


3

12
20


i

23


1
4
1
1

19


2




3

li


64

10

733

HI

218

67






1
3


3

476


6

9i

33

i


22
3
111
54
56
6


16
3

42

20

70

5


11

9
1
63

24


2
1

2
20
20


4
S

i

8
10




3. 1. Clerf2:yman ....
Protestant Minister
Roman Catholic Priest.
Missionary, Scripture Reader
Church, Chapel Officer ....
OtJiers .


410
1.31
10
10
72
31






i


i

10


10

7

8


79
.31
4
3
4
4


103
28
1
4
6
2


87
26
4
1
10
2


78
14
1
2
24
1


41
21

16
3


12
6

li


326
99
10
15
38
10








i

1


4

7

i


55
29
3
2
3
2


84
12
3
6
4
2


75
20
3
3
6
1


63
19
1
3
11
3


14
9


U
3


2. Barrister

Solicitor, Attorney ....

Law Student

Law Clerk

Law Stationer


17
113

23

164

1






6


13

60


2
7
32


2
19

2
38


3

29

1

13


5
19

7


2
27

6


1

14

i

1


4
3


14
73
18
93

1






3


li

28


1

3
6

16


6
12

1
26


4
19

li


1
15

5


1

16

i






.■i. Physician, Surgeon ....
Medical-Assistant, Student .

Dentist

Chemist, Druggist

Others ... ...


14B
25

8
133

6






6

5
1


4

21
1


4

I

18

1


43
6
1

.30


23

4
28

2


34
2
2

15


25
1

9


12
6


4

i


104
26
11
93

4






i


14
2


2

8

2

15


28
3
3

15


21
2
1

16


19
1
2

14

1


19

7


13




■i. Author, Editor, Joranahst .

Students and Otliers ....


2
698






2


699


70


21


1
5




1






4
566








1
510


29


1
11


1
3


1
3








5. Pnnitor. Artist

Sculptor ...
Eiigmvor ....

Ph')lo!i:raphfr

t )tliors enirni::('d in the Fine Arts .


11

8
1
26

4








2


1

2

i


2
2
1
8
3


2

2

9




3

i


1




9
2
3
19
1










1
3


2
6


2
2
1
4


3
5


i

1







G. Musician, Music Master


78






7


10


9


19


18




5


3


.


58








7


6


21


11


3


8






7. Actor

Exhibitions, Shows— Service
Others engaged in Theatres, &c. .


20

4






i


3


6


7

1


i

2




2






1
7
9








i

1


2


3
1


1

1
3


i
1


i






8. Schoolmaster

Teacher, Professor, Lecturer

Others


209

108

1






23


4
48


26
12


69

14

1


57
6


31
5


13
1




3


146
115






19


1

68


17
13


60
13


37

6


19

2


13
3






Otlier Scientific Persons


28
3









1


11


6


5


3

2


1
1






14

4








2


1


2
1


6


2
1


i






SI.— Domestic Class.


















































S. 1. Inn Keeper, Hotel Keeper, Puhlican .

Beerseller

Lodging-house, Boarding-house, Keeper
Collee-house, Eating-house, Keeper
Institution Service
Others


720
89
8
6
64
2








22
2

i


20
2

1

9


138
16
1
1
22


170
22
1
1
16
1


161

24
1
2

12


148

10

i


42
7
2

2


19


684
50
2
2
28
2






i


15
2

i


20
4


99
8

i

12


137
9

5


153
17

4
1


102

11

2

i
1


46
3


13


•2. Domestic Servant (General)

Coachman

Groom

Gardener

Inn, Hotel, Servant .
Cook (not Domestic Servant)
Olhem


871
155
319
266
216
8
17






116

9

9

17


223

92

28

60

3

1


143
10
82
35

44


161
64
73
62
25

i


90
.39
27
62
28
1
3


62
35
23
40
20
3
4


.36

10

9

23

16

1

3


28
6
4

15
5

3


12
2

2

2

2


803
132
318
201
147
17
8






106

8
2
5


235

3

66

17

36

3


142
18
81
25

1


138
44
73
61
32
2
2


77
.33
44
36
21
4


41
19
31
39
14
3
4


39
13
11
19
8
2
1


21
2
4
7
7
1
1




112.— COMMEECIAX Class.














































6. 1. Merchant

Banker ... ...

Bank Service ■ „ .■ ^ A ■•
Insvirance, Benefit Society, Service
Broker, Agent, Factor . • ., • •
Salesman (not othei-wise described) .


24
11
115
16
25
1






i


16

1


2

24
2
1


2
1
33
6
2


5
4
17
4
6
1


6

1

15

2

6


5

1
7

5


3

1
3

2
3


1
3

2


.S3
11
95
14
28
2








13

i


3

26
2
3


4
1
27
6
9


6

4

13

1
7


8
2
7
2

4
1


8
4
6
1

1


3

3
3


1



Xntc.—ln the present and subsequent Tables the Occupations are arranged according to the principle of classification adopted in the preceding Summary. The flguKs
pnlixeil to the Occupations indicate the several Orders and Sub-orders in which they have been classed; but where a particular Occupation is inapplicable to the sex, or
■vii.-rt^ no persons are classilied as following it, the item is omitted in order to save space. The Occupations classed under " Otfter* " in the several Sub-orders appear in
d' tail in the Summary Table for England and Wales.

The Ti.bles do not always give the total number of persons wholly or partially following any particular Occupation ; as many individuals have two or more Occupations,
uiider only one of which (generally the most important) they are classed.

The numbers returned under trades, nianufactures, and some professions, include apprentices, assistants, and •workpeople, as well as employers. Very young persons
are thus sometimes classed under Occupations followed cmefly by adults.

The Table is read tJms :—In Wiltshire tliere were 410 Clergyman of all ages, of whom 10 Were aged 20 and rinder 25 years, 79 aged 25 and under 35 years, 103 aned 35 mi
under 45, and so on for each respective colvmn of age. See Order 3 Sub-order 1.



South-western Counties.]



OCCUPATIONS OF THE PEOPLE.



243



Table 11. — Occupations of Males at different Periods of Age — In Registration Counties — continued.



Occupations.



17 WILTSHIRE- co«i.



Ages. — Males — cont.



. -Under
All I c

ActES.' °



Online LibraryGreat Britain. Census OfficeCensus of England and Wales, 1871. (33 & 34 Vict. c. 107.) .. → online text (page 86 of 189)