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CHINA. No. 3 (1900).



^.-, N^



CORRESPONDENCE



-iiSi'KCTING THE



INSURRECTIOMIIT MOVEMENT IN CHINA



Presmted to both Houses of Parliament by Command .f ^.Icr Majesty.

July 1900.



LONDON:

PRINTED FOR HER MAJESTY'S STA.TIONEEY OFFICE,
BY HAKfilSON AND SONS, ST. MARTIN'S LANE,

Pi'.lSTBRS IN ORDINARY TO DEE UAJKSTT.



ad to bo puTclmaed, either directly or through any BooV8e11<sr, from
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Price \s. \d.



«7



TABLE OP CONTENTS.



No.



10



11



Name.



Sir 0. MacDoDatd



Sir C. Lofengluh



Sir C. MacDonald



To Sir C. Lofengluh

Sir C. MacDonald . .

To Sir C. MacDonald

Sir C. _MacDonald . . Telegraphic

»i » • •

To Sir C. MacDonald

Sir C.-Sia'cDoBala ' h' JlWgraphi



Telegraphic



Telegraphic



Telegraphic



Date.



Jan. 4, 1900
5,

10,

13,

^ 17,

Dec. 7, 1899

Jan. -27, 1900
Feb. 15,

Jan. 5,

Mar. 1,
10,



12 I To Sir C. MacDonald



13



Sir E. Monson



11



15



,! f,



16 i Sir C. M.ici/onald



17



Sir E. M on son



Telegraphic



Telegraphic



Felegraphic



Telen



grapli.c



n.



12.



1^^



u,



15,



16,



Subject.



i'dge



Murder of Mr. Brooks in Shantung Province.
Reports

Murder of Mr. Brooks. Message from Throne
expressing regret. Instructions issued in-
sisting on punishment of offenders

Murder of Mr. Brooks. Gives details and
expresses regret. Steps taken to obtain
punishment of offenders

Murder of Mr. Brooks. Capture of three ot
the murderers, who have confessed. Has
directed Mr. Campbell to be present at trial

Murder of Mr. Brooks. Acknowledges receipt
of his communication (see No. 3). Hopes
shortly to hear of panishment of murderers ,

Marine guard for Tien-tsin. Senior Naval
Officer at Wei-hai Wei instructed to furnish
usual guard, which arrived on 4th instant

Marine guard for Tien-tsin. Approves action

Reported popular rising against German Rail-
way in Shantung. 200 German troops
dispatched to Kiao-chau

.Murder of Mr. Brooks. Disturbances by
" Boxers " in Shantung and Ciiihli. Imperial j
Decree enjoining punislimejit of murderers.
Negotiations with Tsung-li Yamen

Murder of Mr. Brooks. Approves action
reported in above .. ..

Anti-missionaries' disturbances in Shantung
and Chihli. Efforts to obtain publication of
Imperial Edict for suppression of secret
Societies unsuccessful. If refusal persisted in
recommends naval demonstration by Powers
concerned . . . ,

Suppression of secret Societies. Desirable only
to resort to naval action when other means
of pressure are exhausted

Suppression of secret Societies. M. Delcasse's
views on proposed naval demonstration

Suppression of secret Societies. Conversation
with M. Delcass^. His views on proposed
naval demonstration

Suppression of secret Societies. M. Delcasse
has telegraphed to Peking for further infor-
mation. Has informed him that Her .Ma-
jesty's Government are not in favour of
n^ival demonstration unless urgently de-
manded .. .. ,. "

Late Governor of Shantung. Has been ap-
pointed Governor of Shansi. Recent out-
rages in Shantung due to his sympathy with
anti-Christian Societies .

Proposed naval demonstration. Conversation
with M. Deleas«6. Prcbable policy of Her
Majesty's Government and United Stales'
Government , ,



TABLE OT' CONTENTS.



Ul



No.
18



19



20



21



■22



23



24



25



26



27



28



30
31

32

33
34



Name.



Sir C. MacDonald



Date.



To Sir C. .MacDonald



Telegraphic



To Admiralty



To Sir C. MacDonald



Sir F. Lascelles ,,



Sir C. MacDonald



>> »'



»» «



29 Sir C. LofSngluh



Jan. 17, lt)00



16,



Mar. 23.



Telegraphic



Telegraphic



»i >»



To Sir C. Loffingliih



Sir C MacDonald .



» I



Telegraphic



[758



•24,
24,

24,

25,
22,

29,

Jan. 31,
31,

Apr. 2,
3,

n,

Mar. 5,

5,
Apr. 16,

866002



Subject.



Murder of Mr. Brooks and disturbances in
Shantung, Further details. His represen-
tation to Tsung-li Yamen. Capture of
three of the murderers. Unsatisfactory
Imperial Edict

Disturbances in Chilili. Interview with Vice-
roy at Tien-tsin. Steps taken by him to
restore order. Situation improving

Suppression of secret Societies. Tsung-li Ya-
men will probably refuse to issue Edict.
Suggests that two of Her Majesty's ships be
sent to Taku for protection of British
interests

His interview with Viceroy of Chihli. Ap-
proves action reported in No. 19 . .

Murder of Mr. Brooks and disturbances in
Shantung. Approves proceedings reported
in No. 18

Ships for Taku. Transmits correspondence
with Sir C. MacDonald. Asks that Com-
mander-in-chief may be instructed to comply
with request . •

Ships for Taku. Her Majesty's ships " Her-
mione " and " Brisk " ordered to proceed
there

Article in " Ost Asiatisches Lloyd " protesting
against rumours of coming revolution in
China published by English press

Murder of Mr. Brooks. Sentences passed on
murderers. Compensation paid. Result
unsatisfactory owiug to non-punishment of
late Governor of Shantung

Suppression of secret Societies. Transmits
copy of identic note to Tsung-li Yamen,
requesting publication of further Decree.
Origin of name of Boxer Society .

The succession to the Throne. Transmits Im-
perial Decree announcing selectiou of Prince
P'u Chiin as Heir- Apparent. Appointment
of his advisers . . . . . .

The succession to the Throne. Transmits
Imperial Edict announcing selection of Heir-
Apparent



Page



Murder of Mr. Brooks,
passed on culprits



Informs of sentences



Murder of Mr. Brooks. Points out that late
Governor of Shantung remains unpunished,
and has been transferred to Governorship of
another province

Suppression of secret Societies. Interview of
foreign Representatives with Yamen. De-
mand for publication of Decree in Gazette.
Transmits correspondence

Suppression of secret Societies. Memorandum
of interview of foreign Representatives with
Yamfen on 2nd March . . . .

Satisfactory Decree denouncing Boxer Society
has been published in " Official Gazette."
Her Majesty's ships ordered to Taku have
returned lo ordinary dutv

a 2



iv



TABLE OF CONTENTS.



Name.



To Sir C. Mac Donald



Sir C. MacDonald ..



Date.



»> II



» !•



H «



To Sir C. MacDonald



Sir C. Scott



Sir C Ma:Donald ..



II «



i> II



To Sir C. MacDonald
Admiralty , .

Sir C. MacDonald . .



II i>



II II



Telegraphic



I'elegraphic



Telegr.iphic



Pelegraphic



Telegraphic



Telegraphic



Telegraphic



Telegraphic



Telegraphic



Telegraphic



Telegraphic



Telegraphic



Telegraphic



Telegraphic



Telegraphic



Telegraphic



Telegraphic



Apr. 20, 190O



Mar. 16,



May 17,



18,



19.



20,



21,



21,



22,
23,
24,
25,

27,

27,

27.

29,

29.
29,
30,



Telegraphic : 30,



Subject.



Fago



Suppression of secret Societies. Approves
proceedings reported ill No. 32 ..

Suppression of secret Societies. Yaraen refuse
to publish Decree in Gazette. Transmits
copy of further identic note. Appointment
of Yii Hsien as Governor of Shansi officially
announce 1 . ,

Three villages destroyed and sixty-one Roman
Catholic converts liilled by Boxers near
Paoting-fii. Has asked Admiral to retain
marine gu^rd about to leave Tien-tsin

London Mission chapel at Kung-tsun destroyed,
and Chinese preacher killed

Suppression of Boxers. Interview with Yamen,
who now admit danger of situation

English and French missionaries at Yunnan-fu
reported to be in danger. Yamen state there
are sufficient troops lor protection ,.

Suppression of Boxers. Note from Corps
Diplomatique to Yamen demanding specific
measures aud publication of Decree .,

Proposal of foreig n Representatives for naval
demonstration in case of necessity. Hopes
Her Majesty's Government will support it . •

Russian Minister's views as to landing guards
and naval demonstration .. ..

Her Majesty's Government will support him in
measures advocated by Kepresentatives

Russian Minister for Foreign AflFairs thinks
further pressure will be unnecessary

Colonel and party of Viceroy's cavalry destroyed
in ambuscade near Lai-shui

Suppression of Blixers. Yamdn's reply to note
from Corps Diplomatique unsatisfactory . .

Meeting of foreign Representatives. Their
views on situation. Decision to demand
statement from Yamen as to measures taken,
failing which to summon guards ,,

Energetic measures now being taken against
BoxerR. Corps Diplomatique have decided
to wait twenty-four hours

May send for marine guard if necessary

Transmits telegram from Commander-in-chief,
stating that he has sent two ships to Taku
to land guards if necessary . . . .

Line betw<;en Tien-tsin and Peking torn up in
places. Traffic stopped. Stations burned .

Fo<'eign Representatives have decided to send
for guanjs . . . . . ,

Legation giiards. Yamen have refused per-
mission. Situation extremely grave Danger
to European life and property

Legal ion ;i;nards. Interview with YamSn.
Immediate instructions to Viceroy at Tien-
tsin deni.'sn''e 1



24



2 J



26



26



26



23



27



27
28
28
28
28

28

29
29

29
30

30

30

30



TABLE OF CONTENTS.



SIo.


Name.


Telegraphic


Date.


Subject.


Page


56


Sir C. MacDonald ..


May 31, 1900


Legation guards. Yameii consent, provided
they do not exceed thirty for each Legation.
Decision to bring up at once those that are
ready


31


57


Admiralty •• ••


• •


31,


Telegram from Commander-in-chief, reporting
his departure for Talcu with " Centurion "
and "Whiting." Two more ships to
follow . . , .


31


58


Sir C. Scott


Telegraphic


31,


Russian Minister for Foreign Affairs gathers
danger is less acute, and hopes guards may
not be required


31


59


Sir C. MacDonald ..


Telegraphic


June I,


Arrival of Legation guards. British detach-
ment composed of three officers, seventy-five
men, and a machine gun


31


60


Sir E. Monson


• •


May 31,


Conversation with M. Delcass€. His confi-
dence in French Minister at Peking


3-2


61


Sir C. MacDonald ..


Telegraphic


June 2,


City quiet, but murders occur daily in outlying
districts. Situation in Palace strained.
Prince Tuan supports Boxers . . . ,


32


62


»> »


Telegraphic


2,


Party of European refugees from Paoting-fu
attacked near Tien-tsin. All but nine
rescued . ,


32


C3


*» >» ••


Telegraphic


2,


Empress- Dowager said to be about to fly to
Sian-fu. Russian Minister authorized to
support any Chinese authority capable of
maintaining order. Attitude of Her Ma-
jesty's Government


32


64


To Sir C. MacDonaW


Telegraphic


3,


Approves his answer to Russian Minister as to
attitude of Her Majesty's Government


33


65


Sir C. Scott


• •


May 30,


Conversation with Ruisian Minister for Foreign
Affairs. His optimistic view of situation ..


33


66


Sir C. MacDonald


Telegraphic


June 4,


Church of England Mission at Yung-chin;,^
attacked. Mr. Robinson killed. Mr. Nor-
man carried off. Is insisting on measures
for rescue


34


67


Sir E. Monson


Telegraphic


4,


French Minister at Peking reports situation
improved


34


68


Sir C. MacDonald ..


Telegraphic


4,


May be besieged at any moment, with railway
and telegraph cut. Asks instructions to
Commander-in-chief to consult with Com-
manders of foreign squadrons for measures
of relief


34


69


Admiralty .,


• •


s,


Telegram from Commander-in-chief, reporting
arrival of foreign ships and dispatcli of
75 men to Peking and 104 to Tien-tsin


34


70


Sir C. MacDonald , .


Telegraphic


5,


Murder of Mr. Robinson and capture of Mr.
Norman. Yamen's attitude of indifference.
Has demanded interview with Prince Ching


35


'1


»» » • •


Telegraphic


5,


Mr. Norman murdered on 2nd June. .


35


72


Consul Carles


Telegraphic


5,


Admiral asked to send strong reinforcements.
Danger of situation intensified by inaction .


35


73


Sir E. Monson ,.


« •


5,


Conversation with M. Delcass6, who stated that
French Minister believed danger over


35


74


Sir C. MacDonald ..


Telegraphic


5,


Asks that immediate instructions may be sent
to Admiral ,, .. .,


3G



VI



TABLE OF CONTENTS.



No.



75



77

78

79

80

81

82
83

84

85

b7

«8

89
90
91
92

93
94



Name.



Sir C. MacDonald . .



Admiralty ..



Telegraphic



Telegraphic



Telegraphic



To Admiralty
Admiralty .,



To Sir C. MacDonald



Date.



June 5, 1900



Subject.



Sir C. MacDonald



.-Admiralty . .



To Sir C. MacDonald



To Admiralty



To War OflSce



Sir C. MacDonald . .



j» »



Telegraphic
Telegraphic

Telegraphic
Telegraphic



Telegraphic



Telegraphic



Telegraphic



6,



6,
7,

7.

7,
7,



/,



8.



8,

8,
8,

8,
8,



Yamen express regret for murder of Messrs.
Robinson and Norman. They admit re-
luctnnce of Government to suppress Boxers
and appear powerless to remedy situation .

Danger of insurrection and anarchy owing to
altitude of Enjpress. Question of demand
from Corps Diplomatique for special
audience. Strong measures should be taken
to enforce coinpliance . .

Decision to postpone question of demand for
audience till Saturday . .

Telegram from Commander-in-chief. Has sent
for " Aurora" and " Plicanix." Meeting of
Senior Naval Officers to discuss situation .

Asks that Commander-in-chief may be in-
structed to concert with Commanders of
foreign squadrons for measures of relief in
case of danger at Peking or Tien-tsiu

Instructions to Commander-in-chief as to
measures of protection in case of danger at
Peking or Tien-tsin

Telegram from Commander-in-chief, asking for
dispatch of troops from Hong Kong for
Tien-tsin and Peking

1 elegram to Commander-in-chief, informing
him of instructions to Sir C. MacDonald

Informs of instructions to Commander-in-chief
as to measures of protection

Instructs him to take such measures as he
thinks expedient. His discretion must be
unfettered

Approves proposal to demand audience

Publication of unsatisfactory Decree justifying
action of Boxers by misconduct of converts,
but demanding surrender of ringleaders

Telegram from Commander-in-chief suggesting
his taking command of expedition to Peking,
with Russian Colonel as Chief of Staff . .

Instructions to Commander-in-chief to com-
municate with Hong Kong as to dispatch of
troops

May undertake protection of Spanish Legation
if so requested

Considers the Senior Officer should command
expedition to Peking

Suggests approving Commander-in-chief's pro-
posal as to command of expedition

All troops that can be spared should be sent to
Taku from Wei-hai Wei and Singapore
besides Hong Kong

Decree has produced very bad effect. Boxers
drilling openly. Legation full of refugees . .

Her Majesty's Consul at Tien-tsin reports
withdrawal of General Nieh's force to Lutai.
.Abandonment of attempt to protect Peking..



Piiue



36



36



TABLE OF CONTENTS.



vii



Na



Sir C. MacDoiiald



n »>



Admiralty , .



War Office..



To Sir C. VlacDonaia



Date.



Subject.



Page



Telegraphic
Telegraphic



To Admiralty
Admiralty .

Consul Caries
Sir C. MaoDonald



Consul Carles
•» «f

Admiralty . .

>i
Sir C. Mac Donald

Admiralty . .

Sir C. Scott

Consul Carles
Sir C. Mac Donald



telegraphic


9.


Pelegraphie


9,




9,




10,


Telegraphic


10,


Telegraphic


10





Apr. ]G.


■•


18,


Telegraphic


Jane 10,


Telegraphic


11,




11,


■•


11.


Telegraphic


11.



June 8«
8,

8,
9.

9,



19C0



Telegraphic

Telegraphic
Telegraphic



12.

12,

12.



Telegram to Her Majesty's Charge d'ASaires
at Tokid, informing him of position
i

Situation critical. Meeting to be held to
decide question of demand for audience, and
proposed intimation to be made . .

Telegram to Commander-in-chief, approving
proposal as to command of force .

Telegram to Commander-in-chief, informing
him that troops will be dispatched from
Hong Kong and Straits Settlements

Officers in command at Hong Kong and Singa-
pore instructed to comply with demands of
Admiral

Admiral informed that troops from Hong Kong
and Singapore will be placed at his disposal. .

Concurs in proposed intimation to be made at
audience . .

Instructions sent to Sir G. MacDonald to pro-
tect Spanish Legation if necessary . .

I'elegram from Commander-in-chief, reporting
landing of force owing to urgent appeal
from Sir C. MacDonald . .. ..

Arrangements made at meeting of Consuls and
Naval Commandants for dispatch of force
to Peking . . . , . . •

Departure of Admiral Seymour with British,
American?, Austrians, and Italians. Other
detachments follow

Suppression of Boxers. Further negotiations
with Yamen

Transmits text of Imperial Decree deprecating
anti-Christian disturbances

Relief of Peking. Second detachment of about
600 started . .

Relief of Peking. Progress of Admiral Sey-
mour's force . . . . . . , .

Protection of Spanish Legation at Peking. In-
structions sent . . . . . ,

.Admiral Seymour's force. Telegram from
Consul Carles, reporting increase to

Relief of Peking. Admiral Seymour's parly
half way. Attack by Boxers on Legation
StafiF. Summer residence of Legation de-
stroyed

Relief of Peking. Telegram from Admiral
Seymour respecting progress of force and
resistance met with ..

Situation at Peking. Latest report, from



Russian Minister,
opinion



Count Mouravieff's



A further detachment of 300 men has gone on
to Admiral Seymour. Total force, 2,300 . .

A'ks that relief party may be informed of pos-
sible resistance. Hopes Admirals will not
hesitate to deplete ships .



TUl



TABLE or CONTENTS,



No.


Name.




Date.


Subject.


Page


117


Consul Carles .,


Telegraphic


June 13, 1900


Admiral at Langfang this morning. Fighting
yesterday


53


118


Admiralty . , . ,


•'•


13,


Progress of relief force. Russians landing an
additional force of 1 ,700


5r


119


Mr. Herbert


Telegraphic


13,


M. Delcasse has no news of presence of Boxers
in Peking


53


120


Sir C. Scott


Telegraphic


13,


Count Mouravietf thinks situation more
threatening in South and Central China
than in North. His opinion of situation at
Peking .. .,


53


121


Mr. Whitehead


Telegraphic


13,


Information as to Russian force landed at
Taku. Japanese Minister for Foreign
Affairs inquires as to intentions of Her
Majesty's Government, Japan ready to
send a considerable force


54


122


Consul Carles


Telegraprtic


13,


Murder of member of Japanese Legation at
Peking. Situation very grave. Delay in
advance of relief force . , . . , .


54


123


General Officer Com-
manding, Hong Kong,
to the Secretary of
State for War


Telegraphic


13,


Is sending troops to the Admiral, who has
asked for every available man


54


124


Admiralty . .


• •


13,


Summary of forces now on their way to
Peking


51


125


Sir 0. MacDonald ..


Telegraphic


14,


Is informed that 2,000 Russians have embarked
at Port Arthur for Taku. Japanese Secre-
tary of Jjegation killed , .


55


126


Consul Carles


Telegraphic


H,


Sir C. MacDonald reports that Chinese Go-
vernment will not oppose force coming to
Peking if it does not exceed 1,200


55


127


)9 If • •


Telegraphic


14,


Report from Chinese tources that Empress-
Dowager has resolved to destroy Legations. .


55


128


Acting Consul-Gsneral
Warren


Telegraphic


14,


Thinks Her Majesty's Government should
come to an \inderstanding with Viceroys at
Hankow and Nankin. Situation serious .,


55


129


To Mr. Whitehead . .


Telegraphic


14,


To inform Japanese Government of applica-
tion of British Admiral for troops and of
numbers being sent


56


130


Admiralty to Rear-
Admiral Bruce


Telegraphic


16,


Means for protecting life and property on the
Yang-tsze should be provided .. .,


56


131


Consul Carles


Telegraphic


1>,


Native city of TIen-tsin in hands of Boxers.
Action of Viceroy. Communication with
Admiral cut off


56


132


») »» ••


Telegraphic


15,


Chinese concentrating troops towards Tien-
tsin and Taku, Admirals may be compelled
to seize 'J'aku forts


56


133


»i )> ••


Telegraphic


IS,


Boxers entered Peking 13th June. Many
Chinese massar^red, but no casualties among
Europeans . . . . . .


56


134


To Mr. Whitehead , ,


Telegraphic


15,


Murder of Chancelier of Japanese Legation,
Inquires what steps Japanese Government
intend taking , . .. ..


57


135


To Acting Consul-
General Warren


Telegraphic


15,


Protection of British interests on Yang-tsze.
Authorizes him to inform Viceroy at Nan-
king that he will be supported by Her
Majesty's ships in maintaining order. Her
Majesty's Consul to give similar assurance
to Viceroy at Hankow . .


57



TABLE OF CONTENTS.



IX



Name.



Date.



To Admiralty



To India Oifice (also
to War Office)

Admiralty ..



Mr. Whitehead



.'\ciiiig- Consul-Geiieral
Warren

To Consul Carles



To Sir C. ^[acDon«ld



To j\[r. Whitehead ,,



Sir C. Scott

Commander Gaunt to
Admiralty



Count Mouravieff to
M. de Staal



Acting Consul -General
Warren



Lord Pauncefote



India Office



Memorandum commu-
nicated by Chinese
Minister



Admiraltv . .



Telegraphic
Telegraphic
Telegraphic
Telegraphic



Telegraphic
Telegraphic

Telegraphic
Telegraphic

Telegraphic



June 13, 190C
15,

15,
16,

16,

16,
16,
16.
16,
16,

16,

17
17,

3(16).
18,

18,
18,

19.
19,



Subject.



[758]



Proposed instructions to inform Viceroy at
Tien-tsin that he may take refuge on board
one of Her Miijesty's ships if necessary

Protection of British interests on Yang-tMe.
Asks that one of Her Majesty's ships may
be sent to Nanking and Uaukow with in-
structions to assure Viceroys of support . ,

Suggests replacing troops taken from Hong
Kong by native troops from India

Concurs in proposal to allow Viceroy at
Tien-tsin to take refuge on board one of
Her Majesty's ships ,, ,, ,,

Protection of British interests on Yang-lsze.
Instructions to Senior Naval Officer at
Shanghae to send a sliip to Nanking and
Hankow, and give assurance to Viceroys ..

1,200 Japanese troops leave '^Ist June for

IJKU •» c« a« «.

Disturbances at Peking on !3tli June. Murder
of convf-iH and servants of Europeans

Instructions to communicate with Admiral by
runner and ascertain his position ..

May inform Viceroy at Tien-tsin that he may
take refuge on one of Her Majesty's ships . .

Further negotiations with Yanien for suppres-

fion of Boxers. Approves his pioceeJ-

iugs


Conversation with Japanese Ciiarge d' A ''aires

as to policy to be followed by Her Majesty's

Government ..

Dispatch of force from Port Arthur. Announce-
ment expected in " Official Gazette "

Commander-in-chief cut off 40 miles from
Peking. Decision of i^-dmirals to shell Taku

■OFlS ■» •• •• •«

Dispatch of -1,000 troops ordered for protection
of Russian Legation and to co-operate with
other detachments. Friendly relations lo
be maintained with China

Her Majesty's Consul at Hankow has giren
assurance to Viceroy. He will ask for
assistance if necessary, but is confideut of
ability of himself and Nanking Viceroy to
maintain order . . . .

American regiment ordered to Tien-tsin from
Manila . .

Government of India requested to replace
regiments at Hong Ko:ig and Singapore by
Indian regiments ., ..

Viceroy at Hankow thanks for offer of assist-
ance, but both he and Viceroy at Nanking
are able to maintain order. Deprecates
demonstration of British naval force ..

Telegram from Officer Commanding " FnJy-
inion," reporting capture ot Taku forts . ,



TABLE OF CONTENTS.



No.

155

15G



167

158
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Online LibraryGreat Britain. Foreign OfficeCorrespondence respecting the insurrectionary movement in China → online text (page 1 of 17)