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City of London Livery Companies' Commission: Report and Appendix, Volume 4 online

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meant by " dulj qualified."

8thly. Alterations in the house and buildings for the head
master of the school were imperatively required, especially
the dormitories were not in a state fit ror the scholars.
(See Statutes XXI.)

The want of a clock in the plans of the proposed new
buildings is considered a serious omission, and your atten-
tion is drawn to the subject by a memorial largely signed
in the town, and which want of time, I understand, only
prevented being much more numerously signed.

9th. I must add that the school, though susceptible of
the above improvements for the twofold object of Sir
Andrew Judd, appears to me to be very well mastered, and
that it reaps its rail proportionate share of success at the
imiversities, 8cc.

I have the honour to be. Sir,
Yours truly,
Thos. Hare, Esg., J. H. Pattisson.

Inspector of Charities.

The Statutes and Rbgulations of the Frbe Gram-
mar School at Tunbridob, founded by Sir
Andrew Judd, Knight, 1553, of which the Master,
Wardens, and Court of Assistants of the Worshipful
Company of Skinners of London are Governors.


By the letters patent or charter of King Edward the
Sixth made in the seventh year of his reign, A.D. 1553,
for erecting and establishing a grammar sc£k>1 in the town
▲ 14546.

of Tunbridge, in the county of Kent, for the institution
and instruction of boys and youth in the said town and
country there adjacent (" expressed in the language of the
said charter, *' in dicta Villa, et Pat rid ibidem adjacente**),
it was ordained that from thenceforth there should be one
grammar school in. the said town of Tunbridge, which
should be called the Free Grammar School of Sir Andrew
Judd, Knight« in the said town, for the education, institu-
tion, and instruction of boys and youth in grammar, with
cue master and under-master, to continue for ever ; and it
w^LS further ordained, after the death of the said Sir Andrew
Judd, — who was thereby empowered, during his life, to
make fit and wholesome statutes and ordinances in ^vriting,
for the government and direction of the master and under-
master and scholars of the school aforesaid, and other things
concerning the said school, — that the master, wardens,
and commonalty of the Mystery of Skinners of London,
for the time being, should be called, and they were there-
by constituted governors of the possessions, revenues, and
goods of the said school, with full power and authority
to nominate and appoint the said master and under-master
of the said school so often as the said scliool should be
void of a master and under-master; and that the* same
governors, with the advice of the warden and fellows of
the college of All Souls, in the University of Oxford, for the
time being, from time to time, should, and might be able
to make, if need should be, fit and wholesome statutes
and ordinances in writing, concerning the order, government,
and direction of the master and under-master, and scholars
of the school aforesaid, for the time being, and other things
touching and concerning the same school, and the order,
government, preservation, and disposition of the revenues
to be appointed for the same school, which same statutes
and ordinances it was ordained should be inviolably ob-
served from time to time for ever : and the said Sir Andrew
Judd, in his lifetime, in exercise of the power given to
him by the said charter, made certain orders or statutes in
writing, which he appointed to be observed for the govern-
ment of the said Free Grammar School.

A suit having been instituted in the Court of Chancery,
touching the school estates, and the application thereof,
and for the establishment of the school, by the decree made
therein, dated the 16th day of March 1820, it was, amongst
other things, referred to one of the masters of the said
Court, to approve of a scheme for the future establishment
of the Free Grammar School, having regard to the then
annual rents of the school estates.

By the report of the said master, dated the 24th dav of
December 1824, he certified that, having considered of
the several schemes which had been laid before him, together
with the said letters patent, and the said orders or statutes
of the said Sir Andrew Judd, he had thought it expedient
and proper to consider, that the privileges of the said Free
Grammar School should not only extend to boys and youths
whose parents or f^ruardians should bond fide reside within
the town and pansh of Tunbridge, but also to such boys
and youths whose parents or guardians should reside in
any other parish or place in the county of Kent, within
the distance of ten miles by the ordinary roads and ways
from the church of the said town of of Tunbridge; which
boys and youths should be considered as constituting the
firat class : and, that there might be a sufficient number
of youths to receive the exhibitions therein-after men-
tioned, he had thought it proper and advisable, that there
should be another, or second class, comprehending all boys
and youths of the United Kingdom of Great Britain, who
being qualified under the regulations therein-affcer men-
tioned, should be capable of receiving the said exhibitions :
and the said master further certified, that he had thought
it requisite and proper to alter and enlarge several of the
said orders of the said Sir Andrew Judd, and that certain
other of the orders of the said Sir .\ndrew Judd appeared
to him to be inapplicable or unneces9ary for the future
government of the said school : and the said master being
of opinion that exhibitions for youths going fr6m the said
school to one of the universities of ChSord or Cambridge,
mi|[ht be most beneficially established, he had prepared such
articles as appeared to him to be necessary for effectuating
that purpose ; and also such other new articles as from the
then present circumstances appeared to him to be necessary
for the future government and establishment of the said
Free Grammar School ; and that the several articles therein-
after set forth in his said report formed, and he had approved
of the same as, a proper scheme for the future estabhshment
of the said Free Grammar School, from Christmas 1824,
having regard to the then annual rents of the said school

By orders of the I^rd High Chancellor, dated respec-
tively the 18th of July 1825 and 12th June 1844, it was
directed that the aforesaid report as to the sclieme for the


Digitized by




future establishment of the Free Grammar School at
Tunbridge should be varied in certain articles of the same
scheme, and that the scheme for the establishment of such
Free Grammar School should be, and consist of the several
articles therein-after mentioned, reservinff at all times to
the Skinners' Company, — ^they taking the advice of All
Souls, College, in the University of Oword, — ^the power to
make such regulations respecting the said Free Grammar
School, as having relation to the plan thereby directed to
be carried into execution, are not inconsistent with the
said plan ; and also such regulations, as having no relation
to the sud plan, the said Company had authority to make,
prior to the institution of the said suit; the same being
made with the advice of the said college, where it was
requisite for the Company to act with such advice, and
without it, where such advice was not necessary, as in the
said order is mentioned.

The Schbmb.

For the future establishment of the Free Grammar School,
as directed to be carried into effect hj the said order of
the Court of Chancery, is as follows, vii. :-^

Thai the master of the said school be whole of body,
well reported, Master of Arts in degree, if it maybe, chosen
by the Company ot Skinners of London, to whose direction
the founder committed the governance of his said school
and order, always foreseen that the schoolmaster and usher
teach the grammar approved by the King or Queen's
Majesty, and that the schoolmaster be first allowed by the
ordinary, and by examination found ireet, both for his
learning, and dexterity in teaching, as also for his honest
conversation, and for right understanding of God's true
religion, set forth by public authoritv, whereunto he shall
stir and move his scholars, and also shall prescribe to them
such sentences ofHolv Scripture as shall be most expedient
to induce them to godliness.


That the master always appoint and elect the usher, as
often as the place shall be void, whom, so appointed, and
presented to the said Company of Skinners, they are to
admit, not knowing sufficient cause to refuse him.


lliat the master and usher h^ve their houses and wages
during their lives, not sufficiently convicted to have
neglected their office ; and if it shall happen that either of
them be so convicted at any time, yet that he be not straightly
removed, but gently warned and admonished, and so for
the second time; and that then, if, after the second
admonition, he do not amend and diligently follow his
office and chioge in the school that he, so offending, be
utterly expulsed and removed, and another to be received
into his room, and to be done with all diligence by the
said Company of Skinners.


That the master and usher shall neither of them be a
common gamester and haunter of taverns; nor by any
extraordinary or unnecessary expenses in apparel, or other-
wise, become an infeony to the school, and an evil example
to the young, to whom, in all points, they ought to show
themselves an example of an honest, continent, and godly


If it happen that the master or usher be visited with a
common disease, as the ague, or any other curable sickness,
that he, so visited, be tolerated for the time, and his wages
fully allowed, so that his office be discharsed by his si:^-
cient deputy ; but if they or any of them fall into any in-
fectious or incurable disease, especially through their own
evil behaviour, then that he, so infected, be removed and
put away, and another to be chosen in his room.


If it happen that the master or usher, after long time
spent in the school, do wax impotent, and unable, through
age or other infirmities, to endure the travail and labour
necessary in the school, that he be favourably borne withal,
so that his office be satisfied by his sufficient deputy,
although he himself be not present,


That the master or usher be at libertv to remain single,
or to marry, or to take priesthood, so that he trouble not
himself with any care or worldly business that might hinder
his office in the school.


That if any controversy happen to arise or grow between
the master and usher at any time, that they then refer the
whole matter to the master and wardens of the Company
of Skinners in London, and to their successors ; and they
to stand to their order and determination in the same,
upon pain of deprivation from their office.


If there happen to be such contagious sickness as the
plague, or such like, that the school cannot continue, yet,
nevertheless, both the master and usher shall have their
wages fully paid, being always in readiness to teach as
soon as God shall make such contagious sickness to


If it shall happen that the master or usher shall die at
any time in their office, their executors or administrators
shall receive so much money as for his or their service was
due at the hour of his or their death, and in such case the
room to be supplied with as much convenient speed as
may be ; and, for the vacant time, the survivor to satisfy
for the whole charge, and to receive so much as is due for
the time.


That the master keep a register, and in the same write
the name and surname of every scholar at his entering ;
and that the same master of the same school shall make
a just and true account to the said master and wardens of
Skinners, or two of them, yearly, of all such scholars as
shall have been received into the school, and the names of
such as shall have departed thence, so that a true account
may be kept thereof.


Acknowledging God to be the only author of all know-
ledge and virtue, it is declared by the said Sir Andrew
Juad, that the master and usher of the school, with their
scholars, at seven of the clock, do, first devoutif kneeling
on their knees, pray to Almighty God, according to the
form to be by the master prescribed.


That the master, twice in a month at least, examine
those that be under the usher's hands, to understand how
they profit and go forward in their learning.


That the usher practise and use such order and form in
teaching as the master shall think good.


That all the scholars, upon Sabbaths and Holydays, resort
in due time to Divine Ser^nce in the parish church of
Tunbridge, the master and usher, or one of them at the
least, bemg present to oversee them ; and that the roaster
and usher do duly, every Monday in the morning, call to
reckoning all such of his scholiirs as shall either absent
themselves from the church, or come tardy to it, or other-
wise use themselves not reverently there in praying,
every one of them having a Prayer Book, in Latin or
English, according to the said master's appointment.


Considering that virtue and knowledge, by praise and
reward, are in all estates maintained and increased, and
especially in youth, it is declared by the said Sir Andrew
Judd, that in every year, once, to wit on the day of the
visitation of the school herein-after appointed^ there be
kept in this school disputations upon questions provided
by the master, from one of the clock at afternoon, till
even song time, at which disputation the master is to
desire the vicar of the town, with one or twa others
of knowledge, or more, dwelling nigh, to be present in
the school, if it please them to hear the same: — ^the
disputations ended, to determine which three of the

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whole number have done best by the judgment of the
master and learned hearers ; and that the first allowed
have a pen of silver, whole of gilt ; the second a pen of
silver parcel gilt; the third a pen of silver, for th^r
rewards ; and that the whole company go in order decently,
by two and two, into the parish church, the three victors
to come last next to the master and usher, each of them
having a garland upon their heads, provided for the purpose,
and in the church, then and there to kneel or stand in
some convenient place, to be approved by the discretion of
the wardens and master of the school, and to say or sing
some psalms or hymns, with a collect, for the preservation of
the Kmg's or Queen's Mijesty, and to have some honourable
remembrance of their founder, so to be appointed and
devised by the master.*


That it shall not be lawful for the master or usher, or
any of their friends, at going away from their office, to
spoil beforehand, or take away from thence, any such
tnings as are set up and fastened in their house or nouses,
and planted in their orchards ^or gardens, but freely to
leave the same with as good will as for their time they
have enjoyed the use thereof.


That the Company of Skinners have an inventory in
their hands of all things that appertain unto the school, be
they books or implements in the master's or usher's house,
so that at the departing they may be staid to the school's


That there shall be truly written, word for word, two
copies of these ordinances, tne one ever to remain in the
hands of the Skinners, the other in the custody of the
master of the said school ; or at such time as the master's
place is vacant, to remain in the usher's hands, so that they
both may thereby learn what appertaineth to their office, and
also that on their admission they shall promise, before
honest witnesses, to keep and see executed all such points
as concern them and tneir scholars, to the uttermost of
their power, during all the time they remain in the office.


That both the master and usher shall endeavoiur them-
selves to the continual profiting of all the said scholars of the
said grammar school, and of their parts faithfully observe
and keep all the points and articles herein-befure and
herein-arter contained, as by the same orders more plainly
doth and may appear ; and finally, if the said master or
usher shall manifestly neglect or break any such orders,
being thereof twice admonished by the said master and
wardens, governors aforesaid, and, notwithstanding,
continue the breach thereof, that then it shall be lawful to
the said master and wardens^ governors aforesaid, to expel
and put out the party so offending, and to place another
able man in his room or office.


That the house and buildings for the master of the said
school shall be made to accommodate, and shall be main-
tained in a state fit for the accommodation of his family
and scholars; and that a suitable house and building
shall be provided and ipaintained for the usher, his family,
and scholars.


That the master of the said school shall not take, or
board, diet, or lodge in his house, or rooms, above the
number of sixty scholars, inclusive of the twelve scholars
. mentioned in the sixth original order of Sir Andrew Judd ;
and that the usher shall not take above the number of
forl^ scholars, inclusive of the eight scholars mentioned
in the said sixth original order of Sir Andrew Judd, unless
it shall seem convenient to the Company of Skinners
that the said master and usher, upon occasion may have
a greater number at board and lodging with them.


That no boy be admitted into the school, who shall not
at the time of the application for admission, be of the age
of eight years.

*• ^ 14th additional roki


That no boy be admitted into the said school, who shall
not, previously thereto, be able to write competently, and
read English perfectly ; and the master of the said school,
for the time being, shall examine every proposed scholar,
and admit him, if he shall be so qualified, out not other-


That no boy shall be allowed to continue in the said
school after he shall have completed the nineteenth year
of his age.


That any housekeeper of the town of Tunbridge shall
be permitted to receive not exceeding thirty boys as
boarders, who shall be scholars of the said Free Grammar
School, provided such inhabitant shall obtain firom the
said governors a written license for that purpose, upon the
production of testim3nial8 from the master as to the moral
character and fitness of the applicant for the diarge of
such boarders, and that the said hcense be renewed annually
by the said governors.


That the salary of twenty pounds, given to the master
by the said Sir Andrew Judd, be increased to the sum of
five hundred pounds per annum, clear of all deductions ;
and that the salary given by the said Sir Andrew Judd to
the usher be increased to the sum of two hundred pounds
per annum, clear of all deductions ; the said salaries to be
paid half-yearly, at Christmas and Midsummer, by the
said governors, out of the rents of the said estates ; such
respective salaries to commence firom Midsummer Day, one
thousand eight hundred and twenty-four.


That the annual sum of seven pounds ten shillings be
paid by every boy, who shall not be in the first of the
aforesaid two classes described in the master's report to the
scheme, to the master, and the annual sum of three pounds
to the usher, for his instruction at the said school : such
payments to be respectively made by the parents or
guardians of the said boys.


That sixteen exhibitions of one hundred pounds a year
each be founded, as part of the establishment of the said
school, for the boys thereof, who shall go ofP to the
University of Oxford or Cambridge, under the regulations
herein-after set forth.

N.B. — By an order of the Court of Chancery, dated
14th August 182B, these exhibitions are reduced from
four to three in number every year, until a certain debt
incurred for erecting the school buildings is satisfied.


That such boys as shall be of the first class of scholars,
and shall be duly qualified to receive such exhibitions, shall
be preferred to those of the second class. Provided such
boys have been continuously of the first cUss for five years,
or fifteen school terms preceding; but no boy shall be
eligible to an exhibition unless he shall have been a scholar
of the said school for five years^ or fifteen school terms.


That the boys now in the school, whether above or under
nineteen years of age, who shall respectiveljr be applicants
to go off to college upon the said exhibitions prior to
Christmas, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-nine,
shall, in case such boys re^>ectively shall, at the time of
such application, have been five years in the said school,
immediately after such application, be examined by such
person or persons as the governors shall appoint ; and, if
found duly qualified, such boys shall respectively be there-
upon presented by the governors to such exhibitions, pro-
vided that a number not exceeding two be presentea iu
any one year.


That until Christmas^ one thousand eight hundred and
twenty-nine, the said governors shall appoint an examiner
to attend at the annual visitation, tor the purpose of
examining fdl the boys in the school.

Xx 2

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That upon the annual visitation, from and after Christ-
mas, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-nine, an
examiner shall be appointed by the governors for the
examination of the boys and youths who shall becanditates
for the said exhibitions.


That the said examiner shall be of not less than seven
years' standing at, and a resident member of, one of the
universities of Oxford or Cambridge, and have taken the
degree of Master of Arts, or Bachelor of Civil Law, and
that application be made by the said governors to the
warden and fellows of the college of All Souls, Oxford,
to nominate such examiner, if the said warden and fellows
shall think fit.


That ike said examiner do, on every annual visitation,
publicly examine all the boys and youths in the said school,
to ascertain their progress in learning.


That the said examiner shall subsequently examine in
the schoolroom all such boys and youths as shall become
canditates for exhibitions, and shall report to the governor
and master respectively, the names of all such of the said
last-mentioned boys and youths in the said classes respec-
tively, as he shall find qualified to stand for exhibitions.


Tliat the said examiner shall in such report arrange
the names of the said candidates in the said respective
classes, according to their respective excellence in classical


That from and after Christmas, one thousand eight
hundred and twenty-nine, the said governors shall yearly
present or give, at their said visitation, the exhibitions to
any four of the boys and youths of the said first class, who
shall be reported by the said examiner as qualified for the
same ; and in case there shall not be found in the said first
class boys and youths qualified as aforesaid for an university
education, to receive the said four exhibitions, then the said
governors shall present or give all or so many of the said
annual exhibitions as the boys and youths in the first class
shall not receive, to any of the boys and youths of the
second class, who may be reported by the said examiner as
qualified to receive such exhibitions.


That the said examiner shall be paid the sum of fifteen
pounds fifteen shillings; and also the further sum of
fifteen pounds fifteen shillings for his travelling and other
expenses ; and that such payments shall be provided for
by the said governors out oi the said estates.

the soonest, be filled until four years from that period, the
unappropriated surplus funds, and the surplus of the general
account of the rents of the said estates, shall from time to
time be applicable to the expense which will atfend the
alteration and repairs of the said house of the master, and
of that intended for the usher, and of the schoolroom and
other buildings, and of the garden and other grounds to
be enjoyed therewith respectively, and the purchase of suit-
able books for a library, and increase of the number of

Online LibraryGreat Britain Great Britain. London livery companies commissionCity of London Livery Companies' Commission: Report and Appendix, Volume 4 → online text (page 100 of 169)