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City of London Livery Companies' Commission: Report and Appendix, Volume 4 online

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been upon the sdiool register during the whole of such
quarter. He shall be further entitled to share in the
quarterages as hereinafter provided. The Court of the
Merchant Taylors* Company will expend such sum, not
exceeding the sum of 20Z. per annum, as shall appear to
them necessary, in or towards the substantifd repair of
the school premises and for the insurance of the same
against loss or damage by fire. They will also pay to
the Master the annual sum of 51. towards the expense of
wanning and lighting the school-room.

The Master shall be at liberty to perform such eccle-
siastical duties as he may think fit on Sundays, but, with
this exception, he shall not hold or exercise any cure or
other employment whatsoever, either ecclesiastical or
civil, without the previous consent in writing of the
Court of the Merchant Taylora* Company. The Master
shall not be at liberty to take boarders.



Second.

The Usher shall be a member of the United Church of
England and Ireland. His fixed stipend shall be the
sum of 802. i>er annum, payable quarterly, and there
shall also be paid to him, at the expiration of each
quarter, the further sum of Is, 6d. for each boy taught
in the school, whose name shall have been upon the
school register during the whole of such quarter. He
shall be further entitled to share in the quarterages as
hereinafter provided. The Usher shall not be at liberty
to hold or exercise any other office or employment, which,
in the opinion of the Court of the Mercnant Taylors*
Company, may interfere with the proper discharge of
his duties in connection with the school. In considera-
tion of the services of Mr. lUtson, as Usher, there shall
be paid to him the further sum of 201. per annum.



Third.

The number of boys to be admitted into the school
shall, for the present, be limited to 70, of whom not
exceeding 28 shall be called ** Harrison's Scholars,** No
boy shall be qualified to be a "Harrison's Scholar"
unless his parents or guardians shall be resident within
the parish of Sephton, and, if at any time there shall be
more applicants than vacancies, a preference shall be
shown to those boys whose parents or guardians shall
be resident within the township of Great Crosby. As
regards other boys, the school shall be open to all whose
parents or guarcuans shall desire to avail themselves of
its benefits, but, whenever there shall be more appli-
cants than vacancies, a preference shall be shown, in the
first instance, to those whose parents or guardians shall
be resident within the township of Great Crosby, and,
in the next, to those whose parents or guardians shall be
resident within the other portions of the parish of
Sephton. No boy shall be admitted into the school
either as a " Harrison's Scholar '* or otherwise, who shall
be under the age of eight years, nor unless he can read
and write competently, and no boy shall be permitted to
remain in the school after he shaU have completed the
age of 17 years.

All applications for admission into the school shall be
made to the Master, and shall be upon printed forms,
-which shidl be issued by the Master to such personsas
shall apply for the same. The applications for admission
shall be submitted by the Master to the Visitors, and
shall be dealt with by them as hereinafter provided.

All boys admitted into the school shall, during their
continuance therein, conform to the rules and regula-
tions for the time being in force, and any boy who shall
wilfully act contrary to such rules and regulations shall
be liable to expulsion.

A 14546.



Fourth..
The Master shall keep a register of all the boys who
for the time being shall be taught in the school ; such re-
gister shall show the names and residences of the boys, the
names and occupations of their parents or guardians, the
dates of their admission and their ages at the time of
admission.



Fifth.

The ordinary course of education in the school, shall com
prise instruction in the Christian religion, in the English,
Greek, and Latin languages and literature, and in writing'
arithmetic, mathematics, geography, and history. Such
education shall be aflforded to the " Harrison's Scholars "
without fee or reward, but for each of the other boys
there shall be paid to the Master, to be accounted for by
him to the Court of the Merchant Taylors* Company,
the quarterly sum of 25^. , payable in advance. Each boy
not being a ** Harrison's Scholar " shfJl pay an entrance
fee of one guinea, which shall be applied, under the
direction of the Court of the Merchant Taylors* Com-
pany, in support of the school library.

Sixth.

There shall also be taught to those bovs, whose parents
and guardians desire the same, but subject to separate
charge, the French language and drawing, and such
other subjects as the Court of the Merchant Taylors
Company shall from time to time direct. The arrange-
ments as to such further instruction shall be made by
the Master, subject to the approval of the Court.



Seventh.

The religious instruction to be afforded in the school
shall, as regards all the ** Harrison's Scholars," and as
regards all such other boys, whose parents or guardians
shall not express their conscientious objections thereto
in writing, be in accordance with the doctrines and dis-
cipline of the United Church of England and Ireland,
The "Harrison's Scholars" unless prevented by illness
or other reasonable cause, to be judged of by the Master,
shall assemble in the school-room eveir Sunday morning,
shortly before the commencement of divine service at
Great Crosby Church, and shall proceed thence to
Church, and, at the conclusion of the service, shall re-
turn to the school-room and shall be there dismissed ;
in their progress to and return from Church, and diiring
their attendance thereat, they shall be accompanied by
the Usher, but the Master shall be responsible for the
due observance of this rule.



Eighth.

The Court of the Merchant Taylors* Company will ex-
pend such sum, not exceeding the sum of 20Z. per annum,
as shall appear to them neceissary, in the purchase of
books and stationery for the use of the schooL

The Court will also expend such sum, not exceeding
the sum of 101. per annum, as shall appear to them
necessary, in the purchase of books for prizes and
rewards.

Ninth.

The quarterages which shall be received by the Master
in respect of the ordinary education in the school, shall '
be applied as follows, viz., two equal fourth-ports thereof
shall be retained by him for his own use, one other
fourth-part thereof shall be paid by him to the usher,
and the remaining fourth-part thereof shall be applied
as the Court of we Merdiant Taylors* Company uiall,
from time to time, direct for the benefit of the school.



Tenth.

The boys shall be examined half-^^early in the months
of June and December ; the examiners shall be from
time to time appointed by the Court of the Merchant
Taylors* Company, and shall hold their offices during
the pleasure of the Court Immediately after each
examination, the examiner shall report the result thereof
to the Court, and shall receive for the same the sum of
51 For the present, the Master shall be the examiner
at the Decemoer examinations.

3 D



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394



CITl^ OF LONDON LIVERY COMPANIES COMMISSION !



Eleventh.

The school vaoatioiis shall be at Midsiunmer and
Christmas ; the former shall oommenoe on the 21st day
of June, and last five weeks, and the latter shall com-
mence on tb^ 2lBt day of December, and last foor
weeks; the following days shall also be observed as
holidays, viz., the Queen's birthday, Easter Eve and
Easter Monday, the 15th of May, (being the birthday
of John Harrison, the founder of the school,) the
29th September, and the 9th of November ; in the event
of any of the aforesaid days being a Sunday the
holiday shall be kept on the Monday following.

Twelfth.

There shall be a local visitation of the school by
Visitors appointed by the CJourt oi the Merchant
Taylors* Company. The Visitors shall decide upon all
applications for admission into the school, but, in so
deciding, shall have regard to the rules herein-before
contained. They shall also have power to expel any
boy from the school for misconduct, but any such ex-
pulsion may be made the subject of appeal to the
Court by the parents or guardians of the boy so
expelled.



Thirteenth.

The Master, with the oonouzrenoe of the VisitoiB^ may
make such rules for the internal regulation of the
school as he shall deem necessary or expedient; but
such rules shall be of no force until approved by the
Court of the Merchant Taylors' Company. The Court
will also from time to time make such additions to of
alterations in the rules for the internal regulation of the
school as they may think fit. Copies of the rules for
the time being in force, shall be affixed to tl^e walls of
the school-room in conspicuous places, and a copy
thereof shall also be given to the parents or gnardians
of every boy upon his admission into the sohooL

Fourteenth.

The several rules and regulations herein-before con-
tained are liable to be varied by the Court of the
Merchant Taylors' Company as they may think fit

By Order of Court of the 2nd May, 1861.

Samuel Fisheb,

Clerk to the Merchant Taylors* Company.



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Mtt. hare's report. MERCHANT TAYLORS COMPANY.



305



MERCHANT TAYLORS' COMPANY.
Mr. Hare's Drafi^ Report,



TO THE charity COMMISSIONERS FOR
ENGLAND AND WALES.

In pursuance of a minute of the Board of the 28th day of
March 1862, I have inquired into the present state and
administration of Bootless Charity in the parish of Lee, in
the county of Kent, under the management of the Merchant
Taylors' Company, in the City of London, more particularly
with reference to the proposed reorganisation of the said
Charity.

Boonb's Charity.

The Merchant Taylors* Company haying applied to the
Board for its sanction to a scheme proposed by the Com-
pany for the administration of this Charity, owins to the
mcrease of its income from 7^/. Is, per annum to 662/. Is,
In pursuance of the directions of the Board 1 have inquired
into the state of the Charity, more particularly with re-
ference to its proposed reorganisation.

By the deed of foundation of the 22 June 1683, the
founders, Christopher Boone and Mary his wife, after con-
veying the almshouses and chapel to trustees, proceed also,
for the maintenance thereof, to convey unto the same trustees
and their heirs the Berry Hill estate at Lee, in Kent, in the
occupation of Henry Griffiths, at a rent of 15/. a year, and
a fee fiurm rent payable by the city of Hereford of 42/. a
year.

The income thus dedicated to charitable uses was 57/. a
year at the time of the foundation.

The founders directed its application as follows :—



£ s, d, £ s, d,

10
2
12



7



2
1





10





15 12







6
1





22 12













£AA 12






To the chaplain for his pains in

the service of the chapel
To the clerk of the chapel

To a schoolmistress to teach
poor children to read and
work . - -

For wood and coals for the
school - - -

Additional materials for school

For six almspeople, \2d.9k week
each - - - -

20s. a piece every two years for
ffowns, and IQs, a year a piece
for fuel - - -

Additional books



For a Conunon Prayer Book for the chapel, Bibles and
Testaments for the almspeople, scissors^ knitting
needles, thread, silk, samplers, and like necessaries
for the children in the school computed at 40s. a
year.

In respect of this I have added 1/. to the school and 1/.
to the poor fund.

And the founders say that the residue, which Christopher
Boone computes at 11/. \3s, a year, should be a stock or
bank to defiray the charge of repairs and other casualties
and incidental charges in the premises and in the manage-
ment. And in the deed it is —

IVovided Alwayes and itt is neverthelesse agreed by and
between the said partyes to these presants and the true
intent and meaneing of every of them and of these presents
is and is hereby decSeured to be that if the rents yssues and
profitts of the premisses or any part thereof shall happen
b^ any casualty to bee soe impaired diminished or lost
without the wil&ll default of the said Master Wardens and
Company their successors or assignee as that the same
shall not extend and suffice to pay allow and satisfy the



severall allowances sallaryes and payments herein before
appointed to be allowed and paid out of the same in such
case itt shall and roar be lawfull to and for the said Master
Wardens of the said Company their Successors and As-
signes to make ratable and proportionable deductions and
defalcations out of the same allowances salleryes and pay-
ments aforesaid. Provided Alsoe that if the Rents Yssues
and Profitts of the premisses shall hereafter happen to
encrease or be any wayiraproved or if the said overplus
herein 1)efore mentioned shall happen to amount to a con-
siderable suroe soe that some part thereof may be spared to
augment the weekely allowances for the said Almes
People and yett sufficient Stock remaineing as may in all
likelyhood answer all such repaires casualtyes and incident
charges as aforesaid in such case it shaU and may bee
lawfull to and for the said Master Wardens of the said
Company their Successors and Assignee to augment the
said allowances for the said Almes people and Schoole
Mistresse and alsoe for the said Chaplaine and Gierke as
they in theire directions and charitable dispositions shall
think fitt.

The foundation deed thus disposes of 56/. bs. of the 57/.
a year, the parties having probably calculated that a small
deduction in the receipt of the money would be inevitable.

Taking, however, the entire sum of 57/. to be substan-
tially desJt with, it appears that ^ths of the income are
devoted to the purpose of sustaming divine worship per-
petually, i^ths to educational purposes, - f^ths to eleemo-
synary purposes, and -^fths to casual expenses and repairs.

In computing the proportionate parts of the present
income according to the foregoing ratio, it will be suffi-
ciently acciurate for the present purpose to reckon the 57th
part to amount to 12Z. It amounts to about 11/. 12s. in
fact.

Taking the even sum of 12/. the distribution would
be:—



For divine worship - - -

Educational purposes
Eleemosynary jmrposes
Casual expenses and repairs, 144/., or to
make the total accurate, say



£
144
120
276



- 122
^662



The Merchant Taylors* Company, after communication
\iith the pai'ochial authorities, have proposed to the Board
to appropriate^



For Divine Worship : —
The chaplain

The clerk (to officiate
gardener)



also



For educational purposes : —
A subscription to the National school

For eleemosynary purposes : —
Twelve almspeople at SO/a year and 10/.
additional to one as superintendent -
A medical attendant with a salanr of -
An annual sum to be set apart tor re-
pairs and insurance say



50

12

— jC62

£2b



370
30



£4Q0



They thus propose to appropriate definitely the sum of
487/. ft yoftr out of the income, and to estabhsh a sinking
fund of 1 50/., to reimburse the expense of rebuilding the
almshouses, making together 637/. a year. ^

It may, I think, be assumed that the sum proposed to be
paid to the chaphun and clerk will satisfy that portion of
the bequest, the spiritual duties being, in ract, linuted to the
chapel of the almshouses, and that the duty may therefore,
without inconvenience, be performed by the yicar or his
curates, and in which event ic will be a material aid in the
provision for a curate. Withdrawing, therefore, that part
of the aliquot apportionment, or assuming that it is satisfied
by ^ths of the present income, the residue or 82/., being
divided between the educational and eleemosynary pur-

3D 2



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€ITY OF LONDON LIVERY COMPANIES COMMISSION



poses will add about '25/. to the former and b^L to the
latter, which would respectively stand thus —



Educational endowment
Eleemosynary „



- 145/.

- 333Z.



The Merchant Taylors' Company and the parish autho-
rities had considered that having regard to the educational
institutions already existing, and the support they receive
firom another Charity (called HatclifPe's Charity), and from
voluntary contributions, the demand for' instruction was
fully supplied, and that beyond the subscription proposed
to be given to the National School of 25/., the educational
branch of the endowment might be disregarded, and the
development of the institution confined to its eleemosynary
part.

The vestry clerk of Lee, at my request, has been good
enough to forward to me such statistical facts as he could
gather with respect to the present proAnsion for education
m the parish, and the numoer that avail themselves of it.
The account he gives me is as follows : —

National School,

Boys, 93; girls, 86.

Funds supplied by voluntary subscriptions amounting to
about 165/. &., ana school pence about 48/. I9s, 6d,

Infants* School (Church of England).

Average attendance, 160.

Voluntary subscriptions and children's pence, and a
grant of 20/. a year from the funds of ** Hatcliffe's Charity."

British School for Boys»

Average attendance, 75.

Voluntary subscriptions and children's pence.

British School for Girls,

Average attendance, 80.

All expenses defrayed by private subscriptions.

Adult Evening School (in connexion with " Hatcliffe's
Charity").

Average attendance, 25.

Supported by fiinds of the above charity.

Adult Evening School (in connexion with British School
for Boys).

Average attendance, 15.

Supported by voluntary contributions.

Sunday Schools of all Denominations.

Industrial Work.

Needlework taught at the National School, and also at
the British School for Girls,

I have also to lay before the Board the following minute
of proceedings in the parish which have taken place since
rayjnquiry.

At a Vestry Meeting held at the National School, Church
Street, Lee, Kent, on Saturday, the 10th May 1862,—

Present:

Mr. De Zoete, in the Chair,

Mr. Kebbel, Mr. Carr, Mr. Dale, Mr. Hart, Mr. S. Shove,
Mr. Gates, Mr. W. Shove, Capt. Gossett, Mr. Couchman,
Mr. Wright, Rev. W. F. Sims, Rev. J. B. HonnywiU, Mr.
Prowse.

The following notice of meeting was read : —

Lee, Kent 5th May, 1862.
Take notice that a meeting of the Vestry elected for this
parish under the Metropolis Local Management Act, 18 &
19 Vict. c. 120, will be holden at the National School,
Church Street, on Saturday, the 10th day of May instant,
at nine o'clcck in the forenoon precisely, for the following
purpose, viz. : —

"To take into further consideration Mr. Hare's sug-
gestions on the subject of the proposed Scheme re Boone's
Charity."

(Signed) F. Wickings Smith,

Vestry Clerk.

The minutes of the meeting of the 2nd May instant
were referred to and read.

The Vestry again took into consideration and discussed
some suggestions for instituting an establishment of an
industrial character.



Moved by Mr. Zoete, '

Seconded by Mr. Carr,

That the Vestry, having given most careful consideration
to the suggestion of Mr. Hare, particularlv with a view to
the teaching of plain cooking, washing, housework, &c.,
are unable to devise any plan which would not involve
considerable expense, with but a very limited probability of
success, and they are therefore of opinion that, having regard
to the proportion of the Charity funds that should be
reserved, according to Mr. Hare's opinion, for educational
purposes, the sum of 120/. should be plac^ at the disposal
of the managers of the national school for the time being,
to be applied for the general purposes of the school, but
with a special view to such industrial objects as may from
time to time appear practicable and desirable ; but this
Vestry desire to express their strong opinion that upon the
whole, having reference to the nature of the population and
the existing provision for education, it would be more to
the advantage of the labouring population, and in accord-
ance with the wishes of the parishioners if the sum in
question were devoted to the erection of almshouses as
originally proposed.

Whereupon an amendment was moved by Mr. Kebbel,
and seconaed by Mr. Sims —

That the words " for the general purposes of the school,
but " be omitted.



For the amendment
Against -



- 2
r 11



Minority against the amendment - 9

The original motion was then put, when there appeared —

For the motion - - - 1 1

Against ...



Majority for the motion



1
10



The Vestry clerk was desired to forward copies of the
minutes to the secretary of the Charitable Trust Board and
the clerk of the Merchant Taylors' Company.

(Signed) F. Wickings Smith,

Vestry Clerk.

llie entire population of the parish was stated to me as
6,056, and it must be admitted that after separating the
children of the middle and upper classes, which may be
assumed to have other means of education, the number
provided for by the public schools would be unusually great
compared to the population. It may be added that tiie
situation of much of the parish has made it eligible as resi-
dences for an unusual proportion of the wealthier classes
compared to that of the poor.

I confess, however, that I feel an extreme reluctance to
assent to a departure from the educational character and
object of any endowment. Upon a true cy pres application
of such a fund it should, I apprehend, be construed, as
first, devoted to education in the pi^cular locahty;
secondly, if education in that locality be not needed, or
cannot oe given, to education in some other, perhaps neigh,
bouring, locality. But the canon rule is, not to depart
from the educational object until, at least, there shall be
no more demand for it in the kingdom. This I apprehend
to be the principle of the decision of the Court of Cnancery
and the House of Lords on Betton's Charity.* The testa-
tor had devoted a fourth of his estate for the support of
schools in London. The dedication of two other fourth
parts of his estate failed, and the Court (affirmed by the
House of Lords) held that the assistance should be extended
to schools in all the dioceses of England, Ihe case was,
indeed, stronger, than the present circumstances to which
I propose to apply it, for it could not he said that there
were not schools in London which still needed assistance,
whilst, assuming the parochial authorities of the parish of
I^e to correctly represent the condition of the locality, the
means of a useful apphcation of the fund for education
there are for the present exhausted.

Having regard to the numbers and character of the
population and to the existing schools and the support
which is and may well be given to them from the voluntary
sources which exist here as elsewhere, there does not
appear to be any necessity or utility for the subscription
of 25/. proposed by the Merchant Taylors' Company to be
given to the National School. It was probably mtroduced
for the purpose of showing some ostensible regard to
education, rather than from any impression that it was
needful. Its only e£Peot would probably be to withdraw an



* See a full account of the docision on his case in my report on the
Charities of the Ironmonger's Oompany.



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MB. hare's report. — MERCHANT TAYLORS' COMPANT.



397



equal amount from the subscriptions, or if not to with-
draw it, yet to prevent so much of additional subscriptions
iC needed hereafter. The same observations may be made,
with still more force, with reference to the proposal of the
vestry to place 120/. a year at the disposal of the managers
of the National School.

The parish of Lee is bounded by or is nearly adjacent to
other panshes which are extremely populous, and are in-
habited by large numbers of the labouring? classes. The
very fact that Lee itself contains a smaller proportion of
them, has necessarily the effect of increasing the pro-
portionate number in other neighbouring districts. Into
the educational necessities of such neighbouring districts
I virill not now enter, but 1 am satisfied they will be found
very great. I respectfully suggest tint in the scheme to
be settled for this Charity it may be provided, —

A. That the Merchant Taylors' Company set apart 145/.
per annum (or say ^ part of the net income of the Charity)
for educational purposes to be applied according to a scheme
to be hereafter settled for the instruction of boys and girls



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