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City of London Livery Companies' Commission: Report and Appendix, Volume 4 online

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^ sum not exceeding lOOZ. to the trustees of the alm0-

msbouaes. j^^^^ggg known as the ** Jubilee Almshouses," at Green-
wich, in augmentation of the funds of that charity, to
be applied by them in accordance with the provisions of
a scheme to be established by the Board of Charity
Commissioners for England and Wales, or by a
competent court, for the regulation of the same
Charity. The first of the payments prescribed by this
clause shall be made at the expiration of six months
from the date of the establishment of the said scheme.

68. The trustees shall be at liberty to apply an annual
sum not exceeding 2002. as a contribution to the funds
of any medical or curative hospitals, dispensaries, or
other institutions established in Greenwich or its
vicinitnr for the reception of patients suffering from
acute disease or accident, and for the relief of physical
maladies or disorders, upon such terms as shall secure
the benefits of such institution to poor inhabitants
of Greenwich. The trustees shall also be at liberty to
contribute a further sum of 20Z. in aid of the funds
of any similar institution established in Shottesham or
its vicinity, upon the like terms for the b^i^t of poor
inhabitants of Shottesham.

69. The residue of the said income shall be applied
by the trustees from time to time in promoting and
completinK the xestoration to health of deserving poor
persons who have suffered £rom disease, accident, or
infirmity, either by apjpropriating, or by contributing
out of, ike same residuary income to the establishment
and maintenance of a convalescent hospital or home for
Uie reception and treatment of convalescent patients, in
accordance with the provisions of a future soneme to be

to JuhUi





I cent hoapi'

Variation of

established by the Charity Commissioners for the pur-
pose, or by making annual grants in aid of the funds
of any well-conducted hospitals or institutions already
established for that purpose.

60. The trustees, before appropriating any funds of Conditions
the Charity to any such institutions, sh^ stipulate with of slants,
the managers thereof that they shall have, in respect of

such appropriation, any such rights of nominating or
recommending recipients of the benefits of the same
institutions as would be due, or would- be accorded to
any private subscribers or donors thereto of like pecu-
niary amounts.

61. The benefits derivable from the application of the Award of
income of the Charity in either of the alternative modes *»^®^*«-
lastly hereinbefore directed, shall be awarded by the
trustees primarily to inhabitants of the parishes of
Greenwich and Shottesham, and in the next place to
inhabitants of the parish of Castle Bising and the town

of Bungay.

62. Any residuary income not actually required to be Investment
expended for the several objects and purposes aforesaid, jJjfdiJiS,^**^
shall be invested from time to time by the trustees, in

their names, or in the names of four of their body,
in the purchase of 3Z. per cent, consolidated annuities,
the dividends whereof shall be applicable as part of the
the general income of the said Charity.

General Provisions.

63. The amounts and conditions of the several pay-
ments and allowances to or for the benefit of tne
recipients of the Charity, which are prescribed by this
scheme, may be varied from time to time by the
trustees, with the sanction of the Charity Commis-
sioners, and the nominators and trustees respectively
shall be bound, in awarding the benefits of the Charity,
to satisfy themselves in each case that the recipients
are, in respect of poverty and character, deserving of

64. A copy of this scheme shall be kept with the
books of account and other documents belonging to the
Charity ; and every parishioner of the beneficiary
parishes, and every other person interested in the
Charity, shall be at liberty to take copies of the scheme,
or any part thereof, upon making application for that
purpose to the trustees at such reasonable times, and
subject to such reasonable conditions as may be fixed
and prescribed by them.

66. Any question affecting the regularity or the
validity of any proceedings under this scheme shall
be determined conclusively by the Charity Commis-
sioners, upon such application made to them for the
puipose, as they think suflScient.

6o. If any doubt or question shall arise amongst the
trustees, or any of them, as to the construction or proper
application of any of the provisions of tiiis scheme, or
the management of the Charity, they may apply to the «
said Charity Commissioners for England and Wales for
their opinion and advice thereon, which when given
shall be binding on the trustees and on all persons
claiming under the trust who shall be affected by the
question so decided.

Sealed by order of the Board this 29th day of July,


Henbt M. Vakb,


In pursuance of the provisions of this scheme, the
Company have acquired, with the sanction of the
Board, a suitable site in the parish of Shottesham, in
Norfolk, for the establishment of a Branch Hospital for
eight poor men of that parish ; and the new buildings
wSl shortly be commenced.

The provisions of the scheme relative to the grant of
pensions are in full operation.

The Company have also made grants during the past
year (1882) amounting in the aggregate to 1,6202., out
of the residuary income to various convalescent hos-
pitals and institutions in pursuance of the provisions of
the 59th clause of the scheme

E 4

and persons
copies of

to be re-
ferred to

Digitized by




nard, and his -lands and tenements in the parish of St.
Michael Bassinghall, and St. Botolph-withont-Bishops-
gate, and elsewhere in London, with a direction to sell
the same and distribute the money for his sonl and the
sonlsof his father, mother, Alice his wife, and all of those
to whom he was onder any obligation, and of all faithfal
souls deceased, and he bequeathed the residue of his
goods to his executors to oe disposed of in charitable
works for his soul, as they would do for their own souls
in like case.

The proceedings taken on the Foundation of Whit-
tington College appear by the following : —

10 Henry 6th, May 1432.— Extract of a Charter
granted by Henry 6th, respecting the will of Sir
Kichard Whittington.

The charter, dated May, 10th Henry 6th, recites by
Lispeximus Letters Patent, 18th November, 3 Henry 6th,
of license of founding a certain college in the Church of
St. Michael Bial, London, and one almshouse near
the same, by the executors of the testament of Richard
Whittington, late citizen and mercer of London, which
licensa is to the effect following :— Henry, Ac. Know
ye, that we of our special grace, &c., have given license
to John Coventre, tfohn Carpenter, and William Grove,
executors of the testament of Richard Whittington,
that they might found a certain college to consist of
five chaplains, one whereof to be master in the parish
church of St. Michael Paternoster, in the Riol, London,
and one almshouse near the same to consist of 13 poor
persons, one whereof to be tutor, and that they might
give and assign to the said master and chaplains one
messuage, with the appurtenances, to dwell m, situate
near the said church ; and to the said tutor and poor
•persons the said almshouse to dwell in, which are held
of us in Burgage, to have and to hold to the said master
and chaplains, and their successors, celebrating Divine
service there, for the souls of the said Richard, &c.,
according to the ordinance to be made therein ; and the
said almshouse to the said tutor and poor persons, and
their successors, according to like ordination of the
said executors to be made, &c., saving to us the services
due and accustomed.

Li witness, &o.

The charter next inspects letters of Henry, Arch-
bishop of Canterbury, of like license to found, &o. to
the said executors, dated at Lambeth, 1424. It then
inspects the counterpart of an indenture by the Prior
and Chapter of Canterbuiy, at the instance of the sam
executors, made to the Wardens and Commonalty of
the Mystery of Mercers, London, and their successors,
of the nomination and disposition of the said Church of
St. Michael, when vacant, for ever, dated 8th December,
3 Henry 6th. It then inspects otter Letters Patent of
confirmation of the said indenture by Kin^ Henry 6th,
dated 12th February, 3rd of his reign. It then inspects
the erection, foundation, and ordinances of the said
college, made by the aforesaid executors in virtue and
authority of the letters of license and writing aforesaid,
made in these words : — To all the faithful in Christ,
&c., John Coventre, John Carpenter, and William
Grove, executors of the will of Richard WhittiMton,
late citizen and mercer of the city of London, ana oft-
times mayor of the said city, send greeting, Ac. This
deed of foundation then proceeds to declare the several
articles to be ordained. 1st. That there shall be in the
Church of St. Michael a perpetual college of five chap-
lains, secular men, and not elsewhere beneficed nor
having any patrimony of their own whereupon they
can subsist, one whereof to be called master of the said
college, and of two clerks besides the parish clerk of
the said church ; as also of four choristers to reside in a
collegiate maimer, which master and chaplains we will
to be perpetual (that is to say) the master in manner
and form within written elected, and the chaplains,
unless for certain causes specified within, are not to be
removable, but the clerks, choristers, to be removable
at the pleasure of the executors whilst they live, and
afterwards at the pleasure of the master and chaplains ;
it then gives the names of the first master and chap-
lains ; it then directs the mode of election of the master,
&o. and, for non-appointment within a certain time, to
devolve to the wardens of the Mystery of Mercers, who
are to elect within a month.

It then proceeds to ihe declaration of divers other
ordinances, as to forfeiture of mone^ in case of neglect
of duty, &c. &c,, there are then articles respecting the
audit of accounts in November, and taking an inventory
of the College, stock and treasure, and that the College
shall have a common chest and common seal, &c. Item,
we ordain that the wardens of the Mystery of Mercers
and their successors, shall for ever have the care and

custody of the small house which we have lately built
at the east end of the chancel of the said church, to
keep all the evidences and writings touching the lands,
tenements and rents to them given, or to be given for
the support of the College and almshouse aforesaid.
We will, also, and appoint that the survey and con-
servation of l^e College aforesaid, and the state of the
same shall belong to us during our life, and afterwards
to the Mayor of London, and the wardens of the
Mystery of Mercers for the time being shall appertain
and devolve, so that the same Mayor and his successors,
and the said wardens and their successors shall be
deemed and called conservators or advocates of the
College aforesaid for ever, and all the plate and books
of the said College are always to remain to the use of
the same.

And, these ordinations so by us made, we will,
always to be observed, saving to us the power of
altermg and changing the same, and after our decease
power to the Mayor of London and the Prior of the
Carthusians of explaining and declaring the doubtful
passages thereof dated 18th December, 3 Henry 6th.

It uien inspects certain other ordinances of the College
made by the said executors, which first declares the
founding of the CoUe^, but, inasmuch as it is not
sufficiently endowed, it grants to the master and
chaplains, as well in money as in lands and tenements
of Richard Whittington, being in their possession 63Z.
per annum for the support of the charges incumbent on
the said College, until by the lands, rents or tenements
then belonging thereto, or by any gift of any honest
citizen, or by the King's license or otherwise, the said
College shall have so much per annum.

There are then some further ordinances and regula-
tions, chiefiy regardii^ the internal rules, &o, of the
College ; this is dated 13th February, 3 Henry 6th. The
charter then inspects the erection, foundation and
ordinances of the almshouses by the said executors of
Whittington, this is dated 21st December, 3 Heniy 6th.
The charter then inspects other ordinations of the said
almshouse granting per annum, out of Whittington's
effects, the annual sum of 401, as well in money as in
lands and tenements, this is dated 10th February,
3 Henry 6th. It th^i inspects a grant from the said
executors to the master and chaplains of the College
aforesaid, of a house and land late purchased of Henry
Jolyate, this is dated 19th December, 3 Henry 6th. The
charter then inspects another deed of the said executors
touching the almshouse, dated the 22nd December,
3 Henry 6th. It then inspects the will of George
Gerveys, late citizen and grocer of London, of a com-
petent endowment as well to the College as almshouse,
wherein the first devises to the master and chaplains of
the College of St. Michael Riall, a tenement with a
garden in the same parish, and then a messuage to the
tutor, five poor men of the almshouse which he had by
feoffment of John Carpenter. He then leaves to the
said master and chaplains an annual rent of 6Sl, which
he purchased of John Carpenter, arising from lands
and tenements in the parishes of St. Michael lUall,
St. Lawrence Old Jewry, St. Mary Magdalen, Milk
Street, All Saints Barking, St. Dunstan East,
St. Leonard Eastcheap, St. Margaret Bridge Street,
St. Stephen Coleman Street, St. John WallMrook,
St. Michael Basingshaw, St. Gregory near St. Paul's
Chain, St. Botolph Bishopsgate, St. Bartholomew the
Little, St. Benet Fink, St. Michael Comhill, St. Martin
Outwich, St. Mary Bow, and St. Lawrence Pountney.
He then leaves an annual rent of 402. lately purchased
of John Carpenter, to the tutor and poor persons of the
almshouse, this will is dated 7th May, 10 Henry 6th.

It then inspects the will of William Sevenoke,
whereby he leaves his lands and tenements in St.
MaHin Outwich and St. Mary Bow, to the said wardens,
and of a chaplain to celebrate Divine Service according
to the ordination of the said wardens and their suc-
cessors in aid of the poor men of the said mystery,
and of a chaplain to celebrate Divine Service according
to the ordination of the said Wardens and their suc-
cessors, paying thereout 21, quit rent for the support of
the College and almshouse. He also leaves all nis re-
maining lands and tenements to John Carpenter, junior,
for his life, and afterwards to the said wardens, imder
certain restrictions, viz. : Ist. The payment of the said 21.
yearly ; next, as to their faithful execution of the trusts
of the College and almshouse, and then that all manner
of issues and rents of the lands and tenements, &c.
shall be deposited in a chest, called *' Whittington's
chest," to the care and administration of the wardens
to be used towards the aiding and assisting the poor
and indigent men and women of tiie same commonalty

Digitized by




aud mysteiy, aud espocially in loaus (ap}>reBte8) fur
a year or witliin, at the disoretion of the said wardens,
nnder sorety, and not otherwise. This legacy he makes
conditional, provided the said wardens repair the
houses, and make the appointments requisite and keep
the anniversary, &c., otherwise he declares his heqnest
of no validity. This is dated " lOtb Henry 6th.*' The
whole is confirmed by the Kin^, by petition in Parlia-
ment, in the 10th year of his reign.

It thus appears that in obedience to the will of
Bichard Whittington, the executors purchased lands
and tenements in the city of London, in their own
names, for the execution of the trusts, that John Car-
penter, who was the last survivor of the executors,
conveyed the estates to William Sevenoake, subject to
two rentoharges of 631, and 40Z. per annum, which he
conveyed, together with the then almshouse, to George
Grervyse ; that George Gervyse devised the almshouse
and tne rent of 401. to the tutor and poor persons of the
almshouse, and the rentcharge of 632. to the College
and chaplains of St. Michael Eoyal. The Mercers'
Company are, by the ordinances, made the conservators
of the college and almshouse, but the estates they
derive under the will of William Sevenoake. It would
seem that William Sevenoake being possessed of the
estates under the conveyance of John Carpenter, sub-
ject to the rentoharges, devised them by his will to
John Carpenter, junior, citizen and town clerk of the
city of Loudon (whether the same Carpenter who was
the executor, or his son or heir, or some other person I
cannot ascertain) for his life, and after his decease to the
Ws^en and Commonalty of theMystery of Mercers afore*
said, to hold to them and their successors in fee, under
** the modes, forms, and conditions underwritten. . .
** . . . . IrnprimU^ to wit, that the same Wardens
" and Commonalty, and their successors for ever, shall
" pay well and faithfully the said two annual quit rents
" of the lands and tenements aforesaid to the sustenta-
" tion of tibie said college and almshouse, as is afterwards
" beoueathed, and shall be present at the anniversary
** of Itichard Whilyngton, every year, the last or last
** day but one of Jmy, within the aforesaid college to
" be celebrated, and rightfully and indifferently, as
" after and when time and affairs shall require, do and
" execute all manner the nominations and presentations
" of l^e Master and Fellows of the same College, and
" also the provisions and substitutions of the tutor and
" poor persons of the said almshouse when the places
*' thereof shall be vacant, according to, the modes and
'< forms in the said statutes and ordinations of the
" same college and almshouse by the aforesaid made
'' and confirmed, as is aforesaid. And further dili-
" gently ordain that all the aforesaid lands and tene-
" ments, with their appurtenances, be duly sustained,
' * and as often and when it shall be needful or neces-
*' sary, repaired ; and that all manner the issues and
" profits of the same lands and tenements beyond the
" rents aforesaid, and the other reasonable charges
" of the same, in a certain chest, called ' Whityngton's
'' ' chest,' for this purpose by the said executors put
*' and ordained in a certain house or treasury near the
'' Testibule of the said College situate, appertaining
*' to the care and administration of the wardens and
** Commoualty of the mystery of the Mercers afore -
'* said, to sustain and aid the poor and indigent men
** an.d women of the same city and mystery, and espe-
'* cially in loans for one year, or within, at the ois-
** cretion of the said Wardens under sufficient pledge
" of silver or gold, and not otherwise to be done ; so
** that always a condition sealed by the receivers of the
** loan be made upon the deposit of every pledge so
'* pawned, that if they, at the end of the said year, or
" at any term within the year to them limited, the

'* said loan shall not have paid or redeemed the pledge,
" that the same pledge, without impeachment pf the
" debtor, shall be sold, aud the sum which beyond
" the clear debt shall arise to the debtors shall fully be
" restored."

Whittington (College, which is now situated in the
North Bom, near Hi^hgate, and in the parish of St.
Mary, Islington, consists of 30 houses, in a centre and
two wings, and two detached houses. The tutor, who
is the chaplain, and is in holy orders, occupies the front
house in one of the wings, and the other house in the
front of the wing is occupied by the matron. The 28
remaining tenements by 28 women. Each house hlui
two rooms and a kitchen. The two detached houses
are occupied by the gardener and nurse. The inmates
were fbrmerly both men and women, but the almspeople
have been women only for many years past, a fund for
out-pensioners having been created, to which both
sexes are eligible.

The fee-simple of the premises which had been demised
to the Company by the leaise of 1823 (mentioned in the
report of tne Commissioners of Inquiry, p. 456) for
999 years, were in December 1838, conveyed to the
Company by Frederick Cowper, William Nash, and the
Highgato Axohtvay Company in consideration of 6,060Z.
(part of a sum of 6,6001., the purchase money in the
Court of Exchequer for premises belonging to this
estate in King's Arms Yard, and forming now part of
the sito of Moorgate Street), and the conveyance and
the same consideration also included a parcel of ground
on the south side of Thomas Street, and five messuages
erected thereon, and two other plots of ground on the
east side of the Highgate Archway Bos^. This pur-
chase wac made, and the conveyance approved under
the authority of the Court of Chancery. The houses
are subject to building leases, of which the Charity is
at present only entitled to ground rents. The meadow
benind the College is occupied by the tutor free of
rent. A plot of ground opposite the college is vacant,
and has been offered for building. The residue of the
6,6002. remained invested in consols in court until the
year 1842, when it was laid out in purchasing two slipa
of ground in Moorffato Street.

The condition of the estates, of which the Mercers'
Company are possessed under the endowments, and
which is generally described as the f* Whittington
estate " has, since the report of the Commissioners of
Inquiry (vol.. 6, p. 284, and vol. 32, Pt. 2, p. 458),
been much affected by the extension, alterations, and
improvement^ that have taken place in the city of
London, the new buildings in Gresham Street, and
Cannon Street in particular, having crossed the pro-
perty of the Charify estate. Owing to this cause, and
also to other local improvements, the tabular account of
tme estate hereafter given does not, therefore, in all
pointe correspond with the tables given in the reports
of the Commissioners of Inquiry (vol. 32, part 2, p. 455).
The building of the new almshouse near the Highgate
Archway had been made before the last inquiry, and
the building fund provided, as stated by the Commis-
sioners at mBki time, exhibited a balance of 1,4212. 19«. 4d,
as due to the Company. The Company did not diminish
or so frame their subsequent donations and pension
list, which were provided for out of the income of the
estate, so as to leave any balance applicable to the
reduction of the above balance, and the same continued
in the books of the Company as a charge against the
Charity until the year 1847, and in that year the Com-
pany closed the account by transferring the sum from
the building fund to the estate as a payment in that

The property of Whittington*s estate is now as
foUows : —






• City op London.



Mitre Alley -
Gresbam Street


John Bodger ...

21 years -

Lady-day, 1857 -




JobnBodger ...

21 years -

Lady-day, 1857 -



Lawrence Lane -


John Gilbert and others

dl years -

Lady-day, 1858 -
Christmas, 1858 -





Arthur Jackson

21 years -

112 10


Mumford Court


John Hawke ...

66 years -

Michaehnai, 1848





JohnHawke ....

56 years -

Michaebnas, 1848





Frederick F. Kelly

61 years -

Lady-day, 1846 -


Qresbam Street -


W. and J. Kynaston -

61 years -

Ladv-day, 1843 -



Milk Street


WUliam B. Hine

61 years -

Cbnstmas, 1849 -





Qresbam Street

. .

Hine and Parker

61 years -

Lady-day, 1843 -


Mumf ord Court


▲ 14546.

Digitized by









£ ». d.

Mamf ord Court . « .

W. B. Hine and others •

81 years -

Michaelmas, 184£|



Wood Street -

Smith and Dewey

21 years -

Michaelmas, 1841

102 10


Do. - - \
Mitre Court - - -/

Online LibraryGreat Britain Great Britain. London livery companies commissionCity of London Livery Companies' Commission: Report and Appendix, Volume 4 → online text (page 14 of 169)