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City of London Livery Companies' Commission: Report and Appendix, Volume 4 online

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from 1857 to 1861 inclusive, 11,3272., averaging 2,2652.
per annum. Since 1861 the average has increased.

In addition to these gifts to the members of the
Company, the Company distributes to public institu-
tions and charities large sums as occasion arises. From
1852 to 1861 a sum of 10,1512. was given in such
donations.

Knowles' Gipt.

Thomas Knowles, by will of the 12th July 1432, gave
to the Company a messuage in St. Antholin s Parish for
pure and perpetual alms for the relief of the poor.
A 14546.



The property thus devised consists of a warehouse,
abutting on St. Antholin's Churchyard, Budge Row,
let to Millington and Hutton, assi^ees of Wm.
Leschalles, on lease for 21 years from Michaelmas 1845,
at a rent of 1252. 17«.

This money is included in the distribution to poor
freemen and widows of freemen of the Company, which
I have already described.

£[£Btll's Gift.

Sir Henry Kebyll by his will of the 20th March 1514,

fskve to the Company two messuages in St. Mary-le-
ow, and two messuages and appurtenances in St. Mar-
garet, Lothbury, and also a ffreat messuage in the
Parish of St. Peter-le-Poor, and a piece of ground in
St. Olave's, Old Jewry, subject to certain superstitious
uses, and then to pay weekly to seven poor men of the
Company 38. 6c2., to each 6i.

The Company charge themselves with 92. 2^. annually,
which forms part of the distribution to the poor members
of the Company.

This portion of the ftind and that which is included
in the Gifts of Penefather, Lady Conway, Richard
Phillips, Edward Turville, John Grove, John Wardall,
and Lady Middleton, amount to 562. 15«. 4(2. a year, and
are classed in the Company's books under the head of
revived Charities.

I presume that the residue of the estate was a part
of the purchase made by the City (Companies of the
estates devised for superstitious uses, and which was
confirmed by Act of JParliament, 4 James 1st {see my
Report on the Fishmongers' Company).

SiK William Butlek's Gift.

Sir William Butler, by his will of the 6th August
1529, gave to the Company his messuage in Thamaee
Street, and two messuages, five cottages, and garden in
the parish of St. Michael Bassishaw, and three shops
in Tower Street, and a quit-rent of 12«. for certam
superstitious uses.

And to the churchwardens of Biddenham, Bedford-
shire, 40«. yearly for repairing the king's highway;
also.

For the poor of Biddenham ... 20^.

For the poor of St. Mildred, Poultry, for coal 12«.

The Company pay 32. a year on the receipt of the
churchwardens of Biddenhaju for the use of that parish.
I have suggested that the receipt of the minister and
churchwarden should be required to join in giving the
receipt, or that the minister should certify who are the
churchwardens.

The sum of 12«. a year is paid to the church^-ardens
of St. Mildred, Poultry.

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OITT OF I.ONDON LIVERY COMPANIES COMMISSION:



Sm John Peche's Gift,

By an indenture of the 20th June 1533, between the
Bishop of Rochester of the first part, the abbess of the
Minories without Aldgate of the second part, and the
Oompany of the third part, reciting that John Peohe had
paid to the Company 500Z. for certain obits, abns, and
other works of piety, the Company covenanted to keep
a yearly obit in the church of Lullingstone, and dis-
tribute 30«. to priests and clerks, and in alms to the
poor there.



To the parson of Lullingstone

To the three poor bea<mien in the alms-

houses built by the said J. Peche at

Lullingstone^ at Bd, a week to each
To the poor prisoners of Newgate, Lud-

gate, Marshalsea, and Kingsbench, 5«.

to each prison



13



d.
4,



5 4



10



Together 'with the repair of the almshouses at
Lullingstone.

The Gompany appear to have appropriated 1 1. 68. Sd,
a year as a gift to the poor of Lullingstone in respect
of the share of the SOs, a year in which they were to
participate with the priests and clerks at the obit, and
this sum, with the payments above enumerated, make
up 9Z. 48. a year, wnich is paid annually to Sir Percy
H. Dyke, of Lullingstone, and by his direction dis-
tributed to the poor of the parish in bread and money.

The 20«. a year to the prisons, and other gifts to
piflsoners, have not been regularly paid for a con-
siderable time. On the 29th December last the sum of
10^. was paid to Mr. Temple, of the Guildhall'. There
is at present a fund of 1262. in hand applicable to
prisoners on this and other charitable accounts.

The same observations as to the present securities on
which the capital is invested occurs in this case, as in
that of Lambert and Stiles* Charities (page 6).

The Free Gka.mmak School at Oundle, Nobthamp-
tonshiee.

sir William Laxton, by a codicil to his will of the
27th July 1556, being minded to erect a free grammar
school at Oundle in the house, late the guild or
fraternity house at Oundle, such school to be called
"The Ftee Grammar School of Sir William Laxton,
" Knight and ^derman of London," and to have an
almshouse for seven poor men at Oundle ; and having
agreed with the Company, and set out to them certain
lands in London, gave to the said Company all his
messuages* and hereditaments in St. Swithin's, Sher-
borne Lane, St. Nicholas Lane, Abchurch Lane, and
Eastcheap, on condition that they should make suit to
the King and Queen for the Fraternity House, to be
employed for the school and almshouses, and provide a
schoolmaster at 181. a year, and an usher at 61. 13«. 4d.
a year, and pay to each of the almsmen 34«. Sd. yearly.

To the vicar and churchwardeqB, for the repair of the
house, 248.

By a decree of the Commissioners of Charitable Uses
dated 3rd September 1686, reciting that the jurors
found that the Company did think fit to augment the
several charitable payments to 1021. 16«., and that they
were willing in future to pay 82^. 168., and that their
estate should be charged with the arrears, it was ordered
that the whole estates of the Company should stand
charged accordingly, and 20 years was given to them
for payment.

The sum of 82Z. 168. was apportioned as follows : —

£ 8. d.

The schoolmaster - - 30

The usher - - - 10

Almsmen - - - - 36 8

Women to attend them - - 5 4

Repairs - - - 1 4

£82 16

The state of this Charity at the time of the last
inquiry is set forth in the Bep<»^ of the Commissioners
(vol.. 6, p. 26S^ After that inquiry, and in the year
1841, an information was filed in the name of the
Attorney- General, at the relation of several of the
inhabitauts of Oundle, praying that an account might
be taken, under the direction of tiie Court, of certain
property devised to the Grocers' Company, and to have
,a declaration, that all the rents, issues, and profits of
those mesauaffes, to/p^ether with the dividends of a
certain sum oi stock were applicable and ought to be



applied to the support of a school which was founded
and established as a grammar school at Oundle, and
the maintenance of a schoolmaster and usher. Aiid it
prayed also that the decree of the Charity Conmiis-
sioners made upon the inquisition of 1686, being con-
trary to the intention of tne donor, might under the
43rd Elizabeth, cap. 4, sect. 10, be altered or varied
according to equity and the true intent and meaning of
the testator.

The information came on to be heard before Lord
Langdale, the Master of the Bolls, on the 18th of
January 1845. His Lordship held that the Company
must lie considered bound to pay the increased sums
specified in the decree of the Commissioners of Oharitable-
TJses in 1686, as upon that understanding they had then
obtained an extension of time. As to the claim of this
Charity for the entire rents of the estate, his Lordship
said the argument for the information stood thus : —

'*It is said the Charity may not be entitled to the
whole of this fund ; yet it turns out that the present
fixed payments are not sufficient to maintain a proper
school, or to pay the salaries of the schoolmaster and
usher of a grammar school ; then as it was clearly the
intention of the testator that a grammar school should
be maintained, that purpose ought not to fail by the
. accident) of these fixed salaries turning out in the
course of time to be insufficient for the purpose."

"That the Court may, therefore, consider, in the
first instance, what would be a proper sum to pay for
the maintenance of such a grammar school as would
efiectually answer the intention which the testator had
in view, and that may be a sum very considerably
larger than that which he allowed, and that sum being
ascertained, then by the authority of the Grammar
School Act it may be applied in the maintenance of a
school afibrding the general instruction pointed out by
that Act.**

'•This might be very well, provided you were not
encroaching upon a revenue which, according to the
construction which, it appears to me, ought to be put
on this codicil, belongs as private property to this
Company. If the testator has fixed on certahi salaries
whicn fail to provide fos the fulfilment of his intentions,
no doubt it is very much fo be regretted, but you
cannot, at the expense of the Company to whom the
testator has given a beneficial intereet, take that interest
from them upon the notion that the testator, if he had
thought better of the matter, would have aamgned a
larger sum to the Charity, or upon the notion that the
Legislature has interfered as against the interests of
that party to provide a school where there may be a
larger instruction."

The information was, therefore, dismissed with costs,
and no appeal was made against the decision ; but it
appears that in January 1860, an attempt ^as made to
lay the case before the then Oharity^ Commissioners
to obtain their interference for the purpose of opening
the question anew. This application does not appear to
have been attended with any result.

The case of this school was brought befox^ this Com-
mission by the Yicar of Oundle in a communication
addressed to the Board on the 30th December 1856, to
which I find the Board replied by a letter of the
2nd March 1857 (File 1,138), stating to the effect that
the Grocer's Company could not be called upon to
render any account of their general receipts or expen-
diture in respect of the property, or any other account
than a credit on one side sufficient to meet the charges,
and on the other side a debit of the payments they
actually make.

The return rendered to this Commission is in con-
formity with the above rule. The Company debit them-
selves with a rentcharge arising from messuages, lands,
&c. in St. Swithin's, at London Stone, Sherborne Lane,
Nicholas Lane, Abchurch Lane, Candlewick Street, and
Eastcheap, London (to which should be added the
White Hart Inn, at Oundle), amounting in the whole
to 82Z. 168. Od. a year, apportioned according to the
decree of the Commissioners of Charitable Uses in 1686,
thus : —



£ 8.

The seven almsmen - - 41 12
„ schoolmaster - - 30
„ usher - - - 10
„ repairs of the school house 1 4


d.






£82 16






The Company, however, do not limit themselves in
fact to the roregoing payments.



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MR. HARB'3 BEPOET.— grocers' COMPANY.



99



The Company paid to the master —

7th December 1861 - 438-6 9

81st May 1862 . - 435 16 10



Making together - £874 2 7

which includes the master's and the second master's
salaries, which are regulated by a capitation fee on a
certain number of boys, and a fixed salary ; including
also the rates and taxes and repairs. Sums of nearly
the same amount have been appropriated by the
Company for the purposes of the scnool for several years

In answer to my inquiries as to the state of the
school, I received the following letter from Dr. Stans-
biuy, the head master : —

** The number of boys in the school is 132.
• The average age, 13. The course of instruction,
all the branches of a liberal English education';
the classics, mathematics, and French, for which
latter, the only fee (ezoept 11. entrance fee), of 22. a
year is charged, and which fee is charged to pre-
vent* injury to the National and British Schools in
Oundle, and the only payment for books and
stationery amounting to an average of 21, per
annum.

** Every seat in the large school-room is filled,
the six masters and 132 boys working satisfttc-
torily to all concerned."

The Company appropriate also to the almspeople an
annual sum of 2!7Sl 17«.

There are six almsmen, five of whom receive six
shillings a week, and one one seven shillings a week, in
addition to Sunday dinners, washing, fuel, clothing,
and medicines, "flie almsmen are appointed by the
resident conunittee at Oundle, who are nominated by
the Company.
The present committee is —

Watts Eussell, Esq.
Jessee Eussell, Esq.
Dr. Stansbury.
— Smith, Esq.
and the churchwardens of Oundle.

The committee elect an almsman to fill up the
vacancy, and their choice is generally confirmed by the



In addition to the above charges the Company have
established from their own funds during the pleasure of
the court, three exhibitions of 50?. to be held for four
years, at either of the two English Universities, for boys
of the Oundle School.

Between the years 1852 and 1861 the Company re-
built the school and an almshouse for the six men^ at an
expenf e of upwards of 4,500Z.

The Company have also recently contributed 500i.
towards the restoration of Oundle church.

The property of the ohari'^ at Dandle is described in
a statement laa4 belbre the Commissioners of Charities
in 1850, ae follows :^

Guildhally situate on the south side of Oundle
churchyard, used as the schoolroom and as the
habitations of almsmen and nurse.

Meestuwes and premises situate on the west side of
Oundle churciiyard, and adjoining Church Lane,
now the schoolmaster's house and dormitory for
the boys, purchased by Lady Laxtcn in 1557.

A close of land, awarded on the enclosure of Oundle
field in lieu of rights of conunon, appurtenances
to last-mentionedpremises, Jiow in the occupation
of John Bailey.

Messuage and premises in Church Laoe* ad^ining
and now forming part of schoolmaster's houses
purdxased of — Qajin.

Fowr cottages and premises in Church Lane, now
in the occupation of Beuben King and others,
purchased of — TVallis.
Messuage and premises in New Street, now consisting
of playground for the boys.

The White JSaH Lm, in the occupation of Samuel
Bippiher.

Tnblic Tig Ma/rlcet and dwelling house, in the occupa-
tion of Miss Underwood, of Southwell.

Copyhold premises of the manor of Oundle , a^joininff
Church Lane and above- meutionedoottageB, used
as a gtable by the schoolmaster.

Upon this repesentation the only observation to be
made, is that the Company claim the ** White Hart



Inn *' as their own proi)erty, and not subject to the
trusty and I hafve no evidence that it is part of the
charity estates.

All the rest of the property above described is occu-
pied by the school premises, playground, master^
noiiBe and garden, and the almshoiiBes and ^e alms*
house yard or court.

lappeTidd doowmmt which has been transmitted to
me from some of the inhabitants of Oundle.

LimCHTN's GrIPT.

John Lurchyn by his will of the 6th July 1459, gave
two tenements in St. Mary, Bothaw parish, for the
relief of the poor almspeople of the Company^

These tenements are said to have been situated in
Canwick or Cannon Street, and to have been destroyed
in the fire of London; and it is remarkable Hiat no
subsequent mention has been made of the premises or
of the site, except that in an index to the book of wills of
the Company, of the date 1762, as the Commissioners
of Inquiry state (vol. 6., p. 270), there is a note that the
Charity of Sir William Laxton for the Free Grammar
School of Oundle has had credit for the Cannon Street
property of this donor.

It is not possible now to distingaish or recover this
property for the purpose of applying it to the trust.

Clokek's Gift.

Henry Cloker, who died in 1574 gave certain houses
in St. Michaers, Crooked Lane, to the Cooper's Com-
pany, upon trust to pay to the Grocer's Company 40tf,
a year.

The Company have for a long time past received 42«.
a year, instead of 40«. (under a decree of the Court of
Chancery, as it is stated, but of which I have no
information).

The Grocer's Company pay 40*. a year to the alms-
people in the Eatcline almshouses, under the govern-
ment of the Cooper's Company.

Backhousb's Gipt.

Erame Backhouse, by her will of the 27th 'August
1587, gave a house to the Company upon trust to
pay-
To four poor scholars of Cambridge

hi. each - . - - 20L

To four poor scholars of Oxford
hi. each . - , - 20Z.

hoping that they would prefer some of her own kindred
to such scholarship, being fit for the same, before
strangers, and the residue of the profits to be disposed
to such good uses as the Corporation should think
convenient.

The iHPemises are No. 104, Wood Stoeet, and were let
on a lease which has recently expired.

They are now occupied by Hug^ Jones, at a r^it of
6202^. a year.

The Company also receive 15Z. 14ff. 5i. from the
Haberdasher s Company, a fee farm r^it, after de-
ducting land and income tax, supposed to represent the
house in SteyningLane, which stood on part of tibie site
of Haberdasher's Hall.

I do not find that any legal construction of the gift
of the residue to " good uses " has ever been obtained.
It is right however, to refer to the greaUy increased
exhibitions given by the Company, and the large
amount distributed to charitable and for other
purposes.

It should be observed that with regard to exhibitions
alone, taking the entire present income of the Charity,
together with 5 per cent, on the capital of the gifts of
Mary Eobinson, Bayning and Cocke, the annual produce
would be 656?. a year, whilst (if we include the Oundle
Exhibition) the annual fund appropriated to such
objects amounts to 650Z., and if we add to t^is the
payments from scholars of the City of London School,
the fund dedicated to exhibitions is 7701. a year,
exclusive of other specific charges for that purpose.

The exhibitions at Cambridge under this bequest are
no longer limited to two, as at the last inquiry the
Company debited this trust to pay eight eoudbitions
whicn they have raised to 252. per annum each, four at
Oxford, and four at Cambridge. They have also added
eight other exhibitions, four to eaoh University, of the
lilDd annual value, in respect of Bobinson's and (I
suppose) Bayning's and Cocke's Gift, although the
two latter are not recognised in the books of the
Company.

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CITY OF LONDON LIVERT COMPANIES COMMISSION:



The Company have also voluntarily founded two
exhibitions of bOL a year, for the students of the City
of London School, when at either of the two Univer-
sities, and they also educate at the City of London
School, free of expense, six children, sons of freemen or
liverymen, at a cost to the Company of about 120L a
year — about 101, a year each for school fees, and lOZ. a
year each for the mid-day meals provided for the boys
coming from a distance.

Maby Eobinson's Gifts.

Mary Bobinson, by her will of the 13th February
1617, gave to the Company 5O01. to purchase land and
pay 25Z. a year to four poor scholars of Jesus College,
Oxford.

The capital sum of 500Z. was apparently not laid out in
land, nor does it appear to be specifically invested, and
must, T presume, be regarded as a charge on the general
estates of the Company, subject to the same observa-
tions as I have made in my report on Lambert and Stiles*
Gifts (page 6).

The Company pay altogether 16 exhibitions of 2bl,
each to under-graduates of the two universities. Eight
of these are attributed to Backhouse's Gift, and the
remainder to this endowment, or to the voluntary
liberality of the Company.

Bayning's and Cocke's Gifts.

Andrew Bayning, by will of the 4th October 1610,
gave 120Z. to the Company to purchase house or land
of the yearly value of bl. for a poor scholar at Cambridge,
and —

Robert Cocke, by his will (date not known), gave
lOOZ. to the Company to bestow same in lands and
dispose of the rent towards the maintenance of a
scholar of Oxford or Cambridge,

The Commissioners of Inquiry, not finding these
endowments in the inquisition, and finding no trace
of tiiem in the books of the Company, conjectured
** that they had never been received by the Company.**
It may, perhaps, be difficult to discharge the Company



showing tliat the Company ]
of 2bl. a year each, and two of bOl. a year each, thus
far exceeding the liability which these particular dona-
tions would impose.

. Bltjudell's Gift.

Peter Blundell, by will of the 9th June 1599, gave to
the Company 150Z. to purchase lands, and out of the
rents, pay 40«. a year for the poor of Bedlam.

The Company possess 12 houses, Nos. 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9,
10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, Sun Street, Bishopsgate Street,
upon which, or part of which, the 40ff. a year is sup-
posed to be charged.

•^ The 40«. a year is paid to the treasurer of Bethlehem
Hospital.

Lady Slahey's Gift to West Wickham.

Dame Margaret Slaney, by her will of the 20th Oc-
tober 1607, gave to the Company 40Z to pay yearly to
the poor inhabitants of West Wickham, Kent, 31. for
apwenticing.

The sum of SI, a year is paid by the Company to the
churchwardens of West Wickham.

There is no trace of the investment of 40?., nor does
it appear to have been included in the mortgage.

Walwyn's Fkee School at Colwall.

Humphrey Walwyn, by his will of the 10th December
1612, gave 600Z. to buy houses, the rent to be paid as
follows : —

£
To the Grocer's Company for visiting

school - * - - 5

To St. Martin Orgar parish, in coals to
the poor . - - - 5

And the remainder of the rents to a free school at
Colwall, Herefordshire, for the poor children of that
parish, and seven of the parish of Little Malvern.

The investment directed bv the testator does not
appear to have taken place, but in lieu thereof, the
Company have been charged, by arrangement, with a
rentcharge of 30L per annum, for the Colwall school-
master, and bl a year for the parish of St. Martin
Orgar.



The appointment of the schoolmaster is vested in the
Comp%nv; they have recently appointed the Eev.
Robert 0. Carter.

The Company do not limit themselves to the amount
of the rentcharge, but they pay the head mteter 30L a
year, who occupies moreover ,a house in the parish
belonging to the Company, in which he lives rent free.

The head master is regarded only as the visitor to
the school, the duty of teaching the boys devolving on
the second master.

The second master at present is Mr. Miller; he is
not in orders, and the Company pay him an annual
stipend of 70^ a year, and as a testimony of their
satisfaction with his conduct of the school the Com-
pany two years ago made him a present of bOl,

There is a school house at Colwall, which has been
built and repaired by the Company, but there is no
dwelling provided for the second master.

The Company make also an annual vote of about bl,
a year for stationery and articles for the use of the
school.

The Rev. R. O. Carter informs me that the average
number of boys has been 62, and that the course of
instruction embraces English, mathematics, geography,
history, Ac, and that the present condition of the
school is satisfactory.

Gkove's Gift.

John Grove, by his will of the 10th December 1616,
gave to the Company lOOL to distribute yearly, 61., to
the poor of the Company.

This forms part of the distribution to the poor of the
Company. It is included amongst what are called
revived Charities, mentioned in my report on Sir
Henry Kebyll*s Gift.

RoBiK80N*s Gift.

William Robinson, by will of the 14th July 1633,
gave to the Company 400Z. for the purchase of houses
to pay—

£
Towards the maintenance of a school-
master, in Topclifie, Yorkshire - 16
and the residue among the poor of the Company.

There is no account of the investment of this fund,
but the Company pay annually a sum of 16Z. in half-
yearly payments to the chairman of the feoffees of the
school at Topcliflfe, the Rev. H. A. Hiawkins.

In answer to an application addressed to this gentle-
man as to the present state of the school, I was informed
that there is a very good schoolmaster, that the average
number of boys attending is 50, from l^e age of 7 to 15,
that they are taught reading, writing, arithmetic, and
history, that one or two learn Latin, and that the



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