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City of London Livery Companies' Commission: Report and Appendix, Volume 4 online

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school is going on in a satisfactory manner.

Pennefather*s Gift.

William Pennefather, by his will of the 26th January
1636, gave to the Company 233Z. 6«. Sd. for the pur-
chasing of land of the value of 111. IZs, 4(2., to be paid
to seven poor almspeople, H. ISs. 4d. each.

The capital sum is a charge upon the estates of the
Company under the decree of 16o6. It forms part of
the distribution to the poor of the Company.

It is included amongst what are called the revived
Charities, mentioned in my report on Sir H. Kebyll's

Lady Cohwat's Gift.

Catherine Viscountess Conway, by her will of the
29th March 1637, gave to the Company 200Z. on trust,
to pay lOZ. to the parish of Acton, for bread to 20 of the
poor on every Sunday, and 12d. a week for teaching
six poor chilm*en, 10^

Aiid by a Codicil she gave 1,200Z. out of her residuary
estate to the Company to pay —

To the parish of Acton, for the most

aged, lame, and impotent - - 10
To the parish of St. Dunstan-in-the-

East - - - - 10

To the parish of Luddington, War-
wick - - - - - 6
For releasing two poor persons in

Ludgate Prison - - - 5

For releasing one poor person in the

Poultry Compter, and one in Wood

Street Compter - - - 5

To five poor widows of the Company - 5

To Christ's Hospital - - 20

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And she atoo gave to tho Company 400L, they paying
to the parish of Acton, for apprenticing poor fatnerless
children, 202.

The Company were charged by the Commissioners
for Charitable Uses with the capital sums of —
£ 8. d,
1,200 Oand
41 13 4
the latter sum being the whole which appeared to have
been received by the Company in respect of the last
leflnBkcyof400Z. '

The Commissioners appear also to have charged the
Companr with Ss. a year, in respect of a gift of SI. by
Mary Elarrison, the executrix of Lady Conway, but
no mention of this now appears in the books of the

The sum of 721. 98. Sd. forms the ^ss annual charge
on the property of the Company m respect of these
legacies ; or this —
£ 8. d.

20 a year is paid to the treasurer
of Christ's Hospital.
5 to the churchwardens of Lud-

dington, Warwickshire.
10 to the churchwardens of St.

22 9 8 to the rector's warden of the
parish of Acton.
5 is applied to the distribution
amongst the poor members
and widows of members of

the Company.

62 9 8

A piece of meadow land in Nant-
cribbu Meadow, numbered 900 in
the tythe map, and containing
4a. Ir. 6p. and occupied by John
Jones as yearly tenant


4 10

The lOZ. a year for prisoners has not been regularly
demanded, and it forms part of a prison fund of 129Z.
now in hand.

Lady Middlbton's Gift.

Dame Atih Middleton, by her wiU of the 20th May
1645, gave the rectory and tythes of Forden, county of
Montgomery, and a fee farm rent of 27L out of the
rectory of Austell, Cornwall, both of the value of 107Z.
a year, to the said Company to dispose of the same as
follows : —

£ 8. d.
For the release of poor prisoners in

and about London - - 40

To Christ's Hospital - - 10

To the poor of Westham 3/. for ap-
prenticing, and 21. amongbt 20 of
tho poorest people - - 5

To 10 poor mimsters' widows 21.

each - - - 20

To 10 poor men and women - - 10

To the Company for their care - 2
To the clerk of the Company - 2

To the seven almsmen of the Com-
pany - - - 3 10
To two persons mentioned in the
wUl - - - - 10
And the residue of the property she left to be disposed
of by the wardens and assistants for the relieving of
poor and aged people at their discretion.

And by a codicil she directed her executor to settle
and convey to the officiating minister of Forden a yearly
pension of 30Z. out of the tythes of said rectory of
Forden, which was to cease if the Parliament should
settle upon him any competent maintenance.

The Commissioi'ors of inquiry remark (Vol. 6, p. 276)
that the gift of 401. a year to the poor prisoners had
been reduced to 101. probably under the power given to
the executor to dedicate the 30Z. a year to the officiating
minister at Forden.

£ 8. d.
The fee farm rent arising from the
rectory of Austellproduces, after
deducting Land Tax abatement,
annually - - - - 23 18 8

The Forden tythes are commuted at
a rentcharge of 328L 0«. 8(2.

£ 8. d.
The rentcharge in^ the

year 1861-1862 was - 372 8 9
The outgoings, disburse-
ments, rates and taxes,
and Ihl. for agent's
salary - - - 48 2 6

324 6 4

£352 15

The application of this income, after the appropriation
of the 302. a year to the minister at Forden, 5^ to the
parish of Westham, and 10/. to the account of poor
prisoners {8ee Sir J. Peche's Gift) is as follows : —

£ 8. d.
The clergymen's widows 40«. each,
direct^ by the will to be given
to 10 clergymen's widows has
been increased to 10/. a year each 100
The Company have also added to
the number of clergymen's widows
a further number of 40 others, at
101. - - - - 400

Together with occasional gifts of a similar sum to
unsuccessful candidates in advanced years, which in
1862 amounted to 75/. In the 10 years from 1852 to
1861 the sum given amongst clergymen's widows
amounted to 3,370/.

Wardall's Gipt.

John Wardall, by will of the 29th August 1656, gave
to the Company a tenement known by the name of the

£ 8. d.

White Bear, in Walbrook, —

To pay to St. Botolph, Billingsgate,
for lighting the north-east corner
of St. Botolph's church at night - 4
To the parish of East Greenwich for
bread - - - 6 10

And the residue to the almsmen of the Company.
The tenement devised is the Bull's Head (formerly
the Black Bull), No. 23, Walbrook, which is let on lease
to James Waterman for 21i years from Midsummer
1860, at a rent of 76/. 8«.
The payments made by the Company are, —

£ 8. d. '
To the parish of St. Botolph - 4

To the parish of East Greenwich - 6 10
The residue forms part of the distribution to the
poor of the Company.

Keate's Gift.

Gilbert Keate, by his will of the 10th June 1657, gave
to the Company 750/.

100/. be lent gratis to two young men.
50/. to remain as a stock for the Company's poor.
And out of the profits of the remaining 600/. to pay, —

£ 8. d.
To the parish of Bishopstone, Wilts 16
To the parish of St. Heame, Corn-
wall . - - 8
The 100/. directed to be lent forms part of the loan
charities of the Company.

I apprehend that the 50/. as a stock must be regarded
as a gift to the Company.

The 24/. a year in respect of the remaining sum of
600/. is paid annually. '

16/. (in 1862) to-Kev. H. F. Beasley, the curate of

8/. to the rector, churchwardens, and overseers of
St. Heame.

Robinson's Gifi.

William Robinson, bv will of the 9th August 1661,
gave to the Company all his tenements in Grub Street
upon trust, to pay as follows : —

£ 8. d.
To the free school at Penrith - 10

. For educating poor girls at Penrith 20
For 10 men and 10 women at Penrith 20
For a sermon on Christmas day at
Penrith, 208. , clerk and sexton, 5«.,
and for a collation, lbs. , - 2

For a sermon on Ascension Day,
20«., clerk and sexton, 59.,and for
a collation, 35«. - - 3

To Christ's Hospital, St. Bartholo-
mew's, St. Thomas', and Bridewell,
5/. each - - - 20

f^ 3

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The Company is in possession of the property in
Milton Street, m the parish of St. Giles, Orippl^ate,
devised by this will, and out of the income they pay
annually 55/. to tiie "near aad ohurchwardenB of the
parish of Penrith. The 51. a year to Chrisfs Hospital
was pardiased by the Company sonie years agjo.

The t^ee other sums of 5^. each are paid to the
treasurers df the three other hospitals above named.

The vicar of Penrith informs me that there is an
average atten<^aice of 50 scholars at the girls' sehool,
who are supposed to be free, but that some few pay
weekly pence f<»* extras, and that the ages are from
6 to 13 years.

As to the 20 almspeople, they are selected by the
Penrith vestry assembled before Christoias Day, and
209. each is given to ihem by the vicar and church-

Box's School, Withey, OxfORDSHiBfi.

By an Actpassed in the 15th Charles 2nd (1675),
reciting that Henry Box had erected a large free school
with a fair house standing an two acres of ground in
Witney, and by his will declared his intention to settle
the said premises and a rentcharge of 50L out of la^ds
in liongworth Parish, Berks, it was enacted that there
should ever thereafter be a free grammar school for the
instruction of children and youth, and that there should
be one master and one usher, and that the Grocers'
Company should be the governors thereof.

And by an indenture of the 19th July 1670, between
Mary Box, the widow, and Balph Box, the son and heir,
of the one part, and the said Company of the other

gart, reciting that the said Mary Box had naid to the
Company 286Z. for settling the rentcharge tnereinafter
mentioned, the said Mary Box, for the better main-
tenance of the .said school, and the said Ralph Box, in
consideration of the said 2S61. paid him by the Company,
granted and confirmed to the said Company a yearly
rent of 13Z. issuing out of tenements in Longworth,
viz. : —

10^. for the school, ^

21. to the poor of Witney, and
n. to the provost and fellows of Oriel College,
towards their charge at the visitation of the said

The Commissioners of Inquiry (Vol. 32, Part 2, p. 699)
re))ort the condition of this school, and that the Groeers'
Company had expended in repairs and improvements
of the school premises 7612. 19«. 9d. up to the year 1837,
against which they were charffed, apparently on account
of a vacancy in the office of usher, with '518Z. 68, 6d.,
leaving a balance of payments over receipts of the sum
of 2431. Ids. Sd. It would seem^ however, that the
balance thus stated was less by nearly 30Z. than the
real excess of the Company's payments. In 1861 the
Company expended a further sum of 244Z. in repairs of
the school-house.

The Rev. Henry Gregory, the present head master,
receives the rentcharge of 6Sl. from the Longworth
estate, and transmits annually 32. to the Grocers'
Company, with his report on the condition of tiie

I append the statement transmitted to me by
Mr. Gregory of the condition of the school.

Tubville's Gift, .

Edmund Turville by his will (date unknown), gave
to the Company 1001. to be lent gratis to two young

And he gave 1,000Z. to pay 50Z. in manner follow-

To the churchwardens of St. Dunstan's-in-
the-East, in bread and money, for 13 of
the poorest of the parish - - - 11

To the poorest of the Parish of Kyrettyard,

Worcestershire - - . - 8 .

To AJlh allows. Barking, London <• - 4

To St. Stephen's, Walbrook, for sermons

every month before the Communion - 10
To the poorest members of the Company • 7
To the most needy of St. Olave, South-

wark - - - - - 5

To the most needy of St. Leonard, Shore-
ditch - - . '^ . 5

The Commissioners of Inquiry (Vol. 6, p. 278) notice
the fact, that the lOZ. a year for the preparation sermon

at Bt. Stephen's, Walbrook, was not indnded in the
decree of the Commissioners of OfaaHtable Uses, and
had not been paid, the remaining uses are. still n|]^eld,
and the sums paid as follows ;•— ^

71. added to the distribution to the poor members

of the Company.
111. to the churchwardens of St. Dunstan*s-in-the-

41. to the churchwardens of Allhallows, Barking.
bl. „ ,, St. Leonard, Shore-

5L „ ,, St. Olave, Southwark.

SI. to the curate and churchwardens of Kyrettyard,
making together 40L a year.

Sol Thoioa Midi>leton's, ob Bi€»a£d Phillips', Gm.

Sir Thomas Middleton by his will (date unknown)
gave to the Company two tenements near Baynard's
Castle, charged with 71. a year to the poor of the

The (5ompany possess property in Thames Street,
Nos. 225 ana 226, which is supposed to have been the
subject of his deviee, and thev charge themselves with
71. a year, which forms part of the distribution amongst
the poor of the Company, classed as one of the revived
Charities (see Sir Henry Kebyll's Charity).

Clbbveaux's Gift.

Ralph Clervdaux gave to the churchwardens of
St. Benet, Gracechurch Street, 21., which is paid to
them by the Companv as a rentcharjge on 'No. 58i,
Gracechurch Street, belonging to them.

Saunbsb's Gm.

John Saunders by will (date not known) gave to the
Company 2107., for apprenticing a boy, in ITpton
Warren, Stoke Prior, or Chaddesley Corbet, Worcester-
shire, for l(n. a year, but if not performed to them,
then the same to be paid to Christ's Hospital.

In December 1831 a petition was presented under
Sir J. Romilly*s Act, on oehalf of the parish of Upton
Warren, upon which an order was made, in February
1832, referring it to the Master to take an account of
the arrears of the annuity of 101. accrued since 1794, and
directing the Company after the payment of costs to
pay the balance into CTourt.

There was an appeal against this order, on the part
of Christ's Hosriital, by whom the arrears were claimed
and in April 1833 such appeal was dismissed, but the
costs of all parties were oraered to be paid out of the
fund. The Master found the arrears to amount to 380L,
and the costs to 359^. 1^. 6d., l^avin^ a balance of
201. 78. 6d. There does not appear to be any further

The Company pay lOL a year on the receipt of the
curate and churchwardens of Upton Warren.

Lambert and Stiles* GifJs.

Eobert Lambert by his will (date not known) gave
lOOL to the Company, to be distributed after 21 years
amongst the poor of the 25 wards ; and

Nicholas Stiles by his will (date not known) gave
1002. to the Company upon the same trusts.

The capital sum of 2001. given by these donors does
riot exist in any specific investment, but it is secured
in the real estate of the Company comprised in the
inquisition and decree of the Commissioners of Charitable
Uses, of the 27th August 1686, mentioned in the report
of the Commissioners of Inquiry (Vol. 6, p. 265). The
decree directed a conveyance to 12 trustees to secure the
legacies to charities and the arrears. It does not,
however, appear that the estate of the trustees has been
kept on foot by any successive conveyance, and the
Company hold their estates in their corporate character
independent of any trust.

I have requested Mr. Ruck, the clerk of the Company, -
to furnish me with a statement of the situation, and
present rental of the property charged, being the course
which I adopted in the case of the Mercers* Company,
whose general estates were charged by a deed and Act
of Parliament with the payment of the income of
Charitable funds which had been expended hf the
Company. The Grocers* Company,' howevet, declme to
exhibit any statement of their property not specifically
charged by the respective founders of the charities. It
has not been an uncommon circumstance in the ease

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of the ofcherrOity Companies, that Charitable fmudfl
guren to them are not fonnd at present eet aparl^ in any
definite form of inyestment, whilst the Company
generally admit their liability, and pay the interest or
dinadeiids from their general property. There can be
no donbt4hat in the case of these ancient, wealthy, and
liberal bodies, the fands are practically secure, and
J have therefore not thought it necessary to insist of
any aceonnt being farnidbed to me of the mortgaged
estate, nor todo more than thns snbmio the circumstaliceB
to the Board.

The 12i.' ayear is distributed annually to fiye of the
City thirds, in rotation, 20 recipients being nominated
by the iddemven of the respective five warids on forms
sent to them by the Company, and those nominated
apply at the hall of the Grocers* Company, and receive
128. each.

Hai#b's Gept.

Richard Hale, by his will (date not known) gave 1001.
to be l^Ext to two young men.

This is part of the capital of the Loan Charities.
. The places called Harp Alley, and Lilley Alley, in the
parish of St. Dunstan's*in-the-East, are stated in the
report of Hxe Commissioners of Inouiry (vol. 6. F. 278),
not to be in existence, and the 200 raggots given to that
l^arisb out o£, the produce of this fund, not to have been
moluded in the oecree of the Commissioners of Cha-
ritable Uses in 1686. The sum of 12. 4«. is paid annually
to the churchwardens of St. Mildred, Poultry, in respect
of the 200 faggots given to the poor of that parish.

Tikrbll's Gipt,

Francis Tirrell, by his will, (date not known) gave
to the Company 1000 marks (6661. 138. 4d.) to remain
as a stock in Grocers' Hall, to the intent that the Com-
pany should provide with the increase thereof 40
chaldron of coals, whereof 26 to be given at Christmas
to the poor of the parishes of St. "Giles, Cripplegate,
St. Sepulchre, St. Clave, Southwark, St. Mary Magdalen,
Bermondsey, and St. Botolph, Aldgate, viz., to St. Mary
Magdalen, Bermondsey, 6 chaldron, and to each of
the other paiishes 5 chaldron, and the rest of the coals
for the poor of the Company :—

The Company pay 26f. annually, as follows.

To the churchwardens of St. Mary Magdalen,

Bermondsey - 6

Do. St. Botolph, Aldgate - 5

Do. St. Clave, Southwark - 6

Do. St. Sepulchre - - 5

Do. St. Giles, Cripplegate - 6

Nothing is specifically applied from this Charity to the
poor of the Company. I have elsewhere stated the
magnitude of the distribution to them.

Lady Slaney*8 Fund poe the Fuechase opImpeopeiationb,

Dame Margaret Slaaiey, by her will of the 20th Oc-
tober 1607, gave to the Company 2,000L to remain a
perpetual stock for purchasing impropriated benefices,
to bestow yearly some competent portion of the profits
thereof in the maintenance of a learned preacher m the
parish, retaining the estate of the benefice in their own
hands until they had again made up the stock of 2,000^,
and then, under advice of counsel, to disappropriate
the benefice so that the full profits should thenceforth
remain to the parson and his successors, and so to
continue and employ the' said 2,000Z for ever in pur-
chasing and disappropriating in mauner aforesaid;
provided that the said parsonages or benefices so appro-
priated should be donative and not presentative, and
be fbr ever freed from first fruits and tenths, and arch-
bishops' and bishops' fees. And she directed that no
appropriated benence should be purchased where the
vicarage was worth SOI. a year, and that bonds should
be taken from the ministers appointed, to resign if
they accepted any other bendloe, or were non-resident
40 days a year without leave as therein mentioned.

By a covenant entered into with the executrixes "of
the testatrix, pursuant to a power in the will, it was
agreed thai Christ's Hospital should be allowed 68. Sd.
per cent, a year on the balance in the Company's hands ;
and by the decree of the Commissioners of Charitable
Uses it was ordered that the Company should pay
50«. per cent, a year on the balance in their hands
towards the increase of the stock.

Under a decree of the Court of ChaBteery of the
4th December 1761 , it was declared that it was the best
execution of the Charity that the Company should from
time to timei as the fund would permit, purchase im-
propriations to which the right of paUrouage of the
vicarage appertained, which vicarage the said Company
might purchase to the amount of the gross annual sum,
not exceeding 160Z. a year, including the annual value
of the said vicarage, and that sudi improjn'iation should
be applied for the benefit of the vicar, as the court
Bhould after direct. And he ordered that the Company
(having then in hand a stock far exceeding 2,0002.)
should proceed to find out a purchase or purchases of
such impropriation and patronage of the vicarage, but
so as to retain in their hands at interest a' capital sum
of 2;0002. as a future fund; allowing interest for the
same^ after liie rate of 21, 10«. per cent., the pqrchases
irhen found out to be made with the' approbation '^of
the Master.
The following impropriations have been purchased t^—

1620. Rectory of North Hill, in the £
county of Bedford - value 400
1663. Rectory of Allhallows, Steyniug

value 600
1762. Rectory of Bucknall, Shropshire

value 300
1786 . Rectory of Wy burgh , Devonshire

value 250

The impropriate ty thes belonging to all these beuefiees
have been united to the respective churches; the
presentation to the livings is vested in the Company.

In 1818 and 1819 the Company expended out of the
fund the sum of 1,180Z. in repairing the parsonage at
North Hill, and in 1856 a sum of 1,500^ was advanced
to rebuild the farm buildings in the same grant where
the income is derived from the farms belonging to the
rectory. Sums of money are also frequently contributed
to restorations and improvements of the chui'ches of
these benefices.

The Company have not; however, charged the fund
with these advances, but given it credit for the sum
of 4,102Z. 198. lid, up to December 1862, upon which
they paid the 6«. Sd. per cent, to Christ's Hospital and
50«. to the fund. They claim, however, the right of
deducting the advances they have thus made for
rebuilding the farms and the parsonage hou'^e.*

Loan Charities.

The amount of the several Loan Charities as set forth
in the Report of the Commissioners of Inquiry (Vol. 6,
p. 280), is as follows :—

Lady Slaney - - 100 ' -

Edmund Turville - - 100

Henry Anderson - • * 100

John Newman * • - 100

Gilbert Keate - - 100

Thomas Wheatley - - 50

Sir James Lyon - * 200

Edward Elmer - - - 50

Thomas Farmer - - 100

LetticeDean - - - 200

Richard Lambert - - 200

Do. - - - 100

Edward Jakeman - - 200

Katherine Hawes^ - - 100

Roger Knott - - 100

John Heydon . - - 100

Sir Thomas Ramsey - 200

Peter Houghton - - 400

Thomas Rudge - - - 100

♦Dame Mabgarex Slaney's Fdjtd poe the Purchase op

By an order of the Board of 16th Mardi 1866 the
said Gomjiany were advised that they might properly
declare their definitive approval of an ajjreement made
under the provisions of the London (City) Tithes Act,
1864, between the parishioners of the parish of All-
hallows, Staining, and the Rev. Francis John Stain-

forth, the then incumbent of the said parish, and a
grantee from the said Company of the imjjropriate
tithes thereof for the commutation of the tithes, or
sums of money instead of tithes, arising or growing due
therein into a net and fixed annual tithe or sum of
ly600l, to be paid by the caid parish and to be raised
by titlie rates to be assessed therein according to the
said Act.

N 4

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Thomas Dawkins
Robei*t Brooke -
Mary Robinson
Georcje Holman -

Richard Haile -
Thomas Westran
Bobert Bowyer -
John Hodgson
Sir Robert Napper
William Pennefather
Thomas Moulston -
Stephen Abberley
John Melvill
Thomas Gknnell -
Constance Wri^htman
Sir Samuel Wnght -
Thomas Freeman

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- 100

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. 100

- 50
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- 100
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- 100
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- 100


In the year 1833 an information was filed by the
Attorney-General v. The Grocers* Company praying
amongst other things that an account might be taken
as against the Company of the sums received by them
upon trosts for making loans to poor freemen of the
Company, and that it might be referred to the Master
to settle a scheme or schemes for the due application of
the same sums.

The case came on for hearing in the year 1835, before
the Yice-Chancellor of England, who dismissed the
information with costs with the following remarks : —

" Though it may be very true that for a long series
of years these Charities have not been called into action,
yet it is not at all certain but that to-morrow there
may be an application to the Company on behalf of the

poor members of the Company for loans out of the
aggregate sum of 4,6202., and the mere circumstance
that there has not heretofore been any application, does
not in my mind constitute any breach of trust with
respect to the persons who are to be the lenders, because
it is apparent there can be no loan unless some persons
can borrow, and the reason the- fund has not been
applied is that no person has made any application to
the Company to puiiicipate in an^ loan. Then there is

Online LibraryGreat Britain Great Britain. London livery companies commissionCity of London Livery Companies' Commission: Report and Appendix, Volume 4 → online text (page 28 of 169)