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City of London Livery Companies' Commission: Report and Appendix, Volume 4 online

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ever, find that the Drapers' Company had anything to do
with the scheme beyond a passive assent.*

Jay's Charity.

Henry Jay, by his will of the 16th January 1601, gave
to the Drapers' Company 50/., to be lent out to a brother
of the Company for three years at 40s. yearly, for the poor
of the Company.

The 50/. IS part of the 3,811/. lOf. 6(/. mentioned in the
report in Clonne's Charity.

The 2/. a year for the poor of the Company is applied
towards the pensions of the poor on the roll. (See Kenorick's
Charity.)

Sir John Jolles's School and Almshouses.

Sir John JoUes, by his will of the 24th Februanr 1617.
gave to the Company certain tenements in Mark Lane to
pay yearly out of the rents and profits thereof to eight poor
people in the Stratford-le-Bow Almshouses 3/. each = 241.,
and, further, out of the rents and profits, to pay to the
schoolmaster and usher of the school at Stratford
26/. 13«. Ad. to educate free 35 boys, children o£ the in-
habitants of Stratford-le-Bow and Bromley, in the fear of
God and good manners, to learn gnmmar and the Latin
tongue, and to write and cypher, jlie will referred to a
** deed of indenture," but no such deed appears to be
known to the Company. The charitjr is the subject of
three different reports of the Commissioners of Inquiry;
first, in the Second Report of the Commissioners for the
Education of the People (vol. 2, p. 136) there is an account
of the school situated, as therein stated, at the east end of
Stratford-le-Bow church, in which writing and arithmetic
was then taught to 35 boys ; secondly, there is an accoimt
of the almshouses in the parish of St. Mary, Stratford-le-
Bow, in the hundred of Ossulton, Tower division, and
county of Middlesex (vol. 8, p. 433), which almshouses
were nlled hj the recommendation of the parishes of St.
Mary, Stratrord, and Bromley St. Leonard, in the same
county; and, lastly, there is the report of the charity
generally, amongst the charities under the management of
the Draijers' Company (vol. 32, part 2, p. 405). The
Commissioners say (p. 406) that a petition was presented
by the inhabitants of Stratford to the Court cf Chancery
in or about 1827, praying for an appropriation of the
surplus income of the charity beyond the specified sums,
but the Court refused to entertain the hostile claim against
the Company on a petition under Sir Samuel Romillv's
Act ; ana the Commissioners add that it would seem oy
the terms of the will, taking into consideration that of the
rents reserved at the time cS the testator's death there waa
left a small surplus undisposed of, the Company was
entitled to the surplus for their own use.

The estate upon which the two sums of 24/. a year and
26/. 13s. 4d. a year are charged by this devise are Nos. 37^
38, 39, 40, and 41, Mark Lane. The Company applied to
the Charity Commissioners on the 12th June 1855, stating
the report of their surveyor, advising that the premises
should be pulled down and the site let for building, and
also stating several offers that had been made in answer to
advertisements, in which sums of mone^, varying fifom
35()/. to 520/. per annum, had been mentioned, and to lay
out 7,000/. on new buUdinffs. The application to the
Board and its sanction would not seem to be necessary, as
the estate is in ftujt the property of the Company, subject
only to a rentoharge of 50/. 13«. 4</. a year. The Board,
however, by their order of the 27th June 1855, approved
of a lease for 80 years, from Michaelmas 1855, to Mr.
James Pursell, at a rent of 520/. a year dear of all rates
and taxes, the lessee laying out 7iOOO/. as therein men-
tioned. The agreement has been performed, and the rent
is now accordingly 520/. The buildings are called *' Mark
Lane Chambers," and occupy a space of 85 feet, fronting
Mark Lane, between Nos. 36 and 42, and extending as to
44 feet 5 inches (from No. 36 end) ; backwards, 77 feet
7 inches ; and as to the remainder, about 31 feet.

The almshouses of Sir John Jolles form part of the
east side of the square or quadrangle of which Edmanson's
Almshouses occupy the rest. The tenements are still, as



Thomas Howbll's Charity.*

2Sod July 1865.— By an order of the Board of Charity
Commissioners of this date, the Company were authorised
to remove Mrs. Elizabeth Charlotte Booth from her office
of noatron of the school at Denbigh belonging to the said
charity, and to grant to her a pension of 50/. per annum.

11 Ui August 1865.— By an order of the said Board of
Yus date, the Company were authorised to pay to the
wl\ Mrs. Elizabeth Charlotte Booth out of the income of

A 14546.



the charity the sum of 41/. Os. 9d., in respect of costs in-
curred by her in relation to the proceedings upon which the
foregoing order was made.

16th February 1877.— By a certificate of the said Board
of this date, the Company were outhorised to take legal
proceedings against the lessee or occupier of No. 26,
Austin Pnars, London, to enforce the performance of the
terms of a certain agreement dated 14th June 1875.



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CITY OF LONDON LIVEBY COMPANIBS OOMMISSION ;



described in the last report, one large room for ^h of the
eight almspeople, divided into a sitting and bed room,
and they have small gardens behind. They are occupied
chiefly (and indeed aknost wholly) by women, but men
are not excluded, and one was lately presented by the
parish of St»tford-le-Bow, and one also with his wife was
a short time ago presented by the parish of Bromley.
The man is dead and his wife will be continued, the pre-
sentation being joint and, I presume, also several. The
presentation is by the' vestries of the parishes of Stratford
and Bromley, the presentation being certified by the rector
and vicar. Four rooms are appropriated to each parish,
and every vacancy is fQled up by the parish whose room
is vacated. The Company uniformly accept without ques-
tion the presentation of the parish. Up to Christnias
1860 the almspeople were paid SI. per annum each. Smce
that time the Company, taking mto consideration the
smidl allowances which they receive from all sources, the
same appearing not to exceed 1/. a month, have ordered
that the founder's allowance should be increased from 31
per annum to 12/. per annum. It is probable that the
result of this will be to induce the parishes to withdraw
their former allowanoes, and that the almspeople will not
therefore be benefited. I am told that if this should be
so, the Company will be prepared still further to raise
their stipenos, so that the income of the almspeople
should [not be less than 21/. a year. The great increase
of the rents under the recent letting has no doubt led to
this resolution on the part of the Company, but it must
still, I apprehend, be regarded as the result of bounty and
not of legal obligation.

In addition to the money allowance, the Company pay
for the benefit of the eight almspeople—

£ 8, d.
For medical attendance - - - 10

Water rate (this mcludes also the rate for the
school) 5/., at 105. per house makes the rate
for them - - - - - 4

Gift at annual visitation, 2«. 6d. eaph - - 1

Repairs of ahnshouses and schools, say - 15

Tithe commutation for gardens - - 17 8

Insurance - - - - -17o

32 5 2



The Company having found that the Bromley poor
were allowea coals by we parish, they therefore ordered
four tons of coals, one for each of the Stratford poor.



School.

The school is still at the east end of Stratford Bow
church, and consists of one room over a covered space or
cloister. The Company appoint a master who is not in
Holy Orders. The present master is Mr. Fredk. Chipper-
fiela, who was appointed about nine years ago. He had
been a pupil-teacner at the Abbey Street, Betimal Green,
school (a British school). The founder's stipend of
61. 13s. 4d. has for many years been increased to 64/. 12^.
a year, or 1/. Is. a week, and the master is allowed to take
private scholars in addition to the scholars on the founda-
tion, who are always 35 in number and pay nothing. The
foundation boys are not admitted under 7 years of age
and they may remain till 14, but many are taken away
to work before that age. A charge of Sd. a week is made
for each foundation scholar for providing books, stationery,
&c. The master informs me that as the churchwardens
of the two parishes declined to fill up vacancies in the
school, he has himself done so, and has rrom time to time
admitted those who, upon inquiry, he thought had the
greatest need of it. In addition to those on the founda-
tion, the master also has at the present time 35 private
scholars, most of whom pay 6d. a week. At the time
of his appointment there were only 12 boys on the foun-
dation and one private scholar.

In addition to the payment to the master and for repairs,
which is included in the sum stated under that head in
the account of the almshouses; there is an annual sum of
3/. 8ff. for three tons of coal.

There is no residence for the master or other advantage
beyond what I have mentioned.

I am informed by the clerk of the Company that the
Company is now building at Tottenham a school for the
poor freemen of the Company, and that the balances of
this estate and Sir Thomas Cullum's estate is desired
to be employed in the aid of this new educational
foundation.



Sir John Jolles's Charity.

Sir John Jolles, by his will of the 24th February 1607,
bequeathed to the Company 200/., to be lent to two young
men at 3/. per cent, and paid —

£ 8, d.
To the churchwardens of Allhallows, Barking 2
And by a codicU of the 2nd October 1860—
To the parish of Haddenham, Isle of Ely - 2
To the parish of St. Leonard*s, Bromley - 2
To the wardens - - - - 1

The 200/. is part of the 3,811/. 10s. 6d. mentioned in
Clonne's Charity. The churchwardens of Allhallows
Barking, and of Haddenham receive 21. a year, but only
1/. a year is paid to the parish of St. Leonard's, Bromley,
and 20s. is carried to the warden's account, this exhausts
the charge of 6/. mentioned in the deed poll referred to in
Clonne's Charity.

Johnson's Charity.

Hugh Johnson by his will, proved in 1618, bequeathed

to the Drapers' Company 200/., to be lent to young men

of the Company at 5/. per cent.

£ 8. d.
To the poor of the parish of Hackney « 5
To the poor of the town of Macclesfield * 5
The 200/. forms part of the 3,811/. lOs. 6d. mentioiied

in Clonne's Charity.
The sum of 5/. is paid to the churchwardens of St.

John's, Hackney, and 5/. to the parish of Macclesfield

annually.

Kendrick's Charity.

John Kendrick, by his will of the 29th December 1624,
bequeathed to the Company 2,400/. to purchase lands of
100/. a year, and bestow the same as follows : —

£ 8. d.
For the releasing six poor prisoners in London 24 6
For curate fpr daily service at St. Chris-

topher-le-Stocks - - - - 20

For clerk and sexton, 505. each - -500

For churchwardens of the said parish for

lights 5

For poor of the said parish - - - 3

For poor prisoners in London - - - 10

For clerk of the Company - - - 2

For beadle of Company - - - 1 10

For beadle of the yeomanry - - - 10

Among poor religious men and women of the

city 01 London - - - - 25

To the four wardens of the Company - - 4

The Company purchased an estate in Fleet Street and
Fetter Lane in tne city of London, which at the time
of the last inouiry produced an income of 316/. a year,
of which something more than 100/. pdr annum appeared
to be employed in charitable purposes. The Commis-
sioners certified the case to the Attorn^ General, and an
information ex-officio was filed on the 2Bth January 1839,
praying that it might be declared that the whole of the
rents and profits of the said premises ought to be applied
to the purposes of the said will, and that the same might
be decreed to be so applied for the future, and that it
might be declared that the said Company were not entitled
to appropriate any part thereof to their own benefit, and
that tney might be decreed to make good the amount
which they had so retained in their bands as aforesaid
out of such rents for such time as to the Court might seem
just, and that the same might be applied according to the
intention of the will, and that all necessary accounts might
be directed, and, if necessary, it might be referred to the
Master to approve of a scheme for the application of the
said increasea rents and the sum which might be coming
from the said Company. The cause was beard on the
19th March 1841, and the Court by its decree declared that
according to the true construction of the will the whole
of the rents and profits of the premises in Fleet Street
and Fetter Lane belonged and ought to be applied to the
purposes mentioned in the said will, and it was rdEerred
to the Master to take the accounts of the charity estate
as therein mentioned, and to settle a scheme for tiie
administration of the charity, with directions for the
taxation and payment of costs as therein mentioned.

The Master made his report of the 13th March 1847, and
thereby found the amount due from the defendants, and
taxed the costs. The Court, by its order of the I7th April
1847, confirmed the report, and directed that, after payment
of the costs as therein mentioned, the residue of the sum of
1,646/. Ss. 9d. should be invested in the purchase of
Consols, and that the dividends thereon should be apphed
in the same way as the income of the charity was directed



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'mr. hare's repobt.— dbapers' company.



155



to be applied by the soheme. The scheme settled bv the
Master was approved with the exception of the third clause,
in which it was proposed to &pp)y the 8/lOOths for the
benefit of the poor of the parish of St. Margaret, and which
the Court directed should be applied for the other objects
of the charity. I append a copy of the scheme as finally
settled.

The property of the charity is — £ s, d.

No. 180, Fleet Street, let to £d. Jn. Keeley for
30 years, from Michaelmas 1849. The con-
sideration being considerable improvements - 60
No. 181, Fleet Street, let to Wm. Haycock for
21 years, from Lady-day 1853, with considera-
tion of repairs and improvements - ' - 60
No. 141, Fetter Lane, let to Patrick Clare for
SO years, firom Michaelmas 1849, considera-
ion of improvements - - - 25
No. 144, Fetter Lane, let to Patrick Clare for 30
years, from Michaelmas 1849, consideration
of improvements - - - - 30
No. 142, Fetter Lane, let to Ebenezer Parkes.
Lease 27 years, from Michaelmas 1852, con-
sideration of improvements - * - - 30
No. 140, Fetter Lane, let to George Hall, Lease
for 27 years, from Michaelmas 1852, con-
siden^on of improvements - - • 30
No. 143, Fetter Lane, let to Matthew Dowler.
27 years, from Michaelmas 1852 - - 25

Stock.
1,4421. 3e, 2d. Bank 3 per cent. Consolidated
Annuities standing to the account of the
Drapers' Company - - - - 4

.€303 5 3



In the year 1860 the income being as aforesaid,
303/. 5s. 3d. (there has been no deduction since 1855, when
a sum of 31, 3$. was deducted for a surgeon's charge), the
amount was divided as follows : —



Release of Prisoners for Debt,



24/100 parts



£ s. d.
- 72 16 6



This was applied towards the release of 23
misoners, released for sums varving from 5/. to
21, 2s., or whose release was obtained by such
simis respectively.

It formed part of the 109/. 15^. 6d, applied in
like manner, as stated in my report on Frances
Clarke's Charity.

Curate of St, Ckristophw Le Stocks for Daily
Service,

25/100 part 75 16 4

Paid to the minister of St. Christouher Le

Stocks, who is the rector of Saint Margaret,

Lothbury, which now combines the three

churches of St. Margaret, St. Christopher, and

St. Bartholomew, Royal Exchange.
The scheme directs the minister to pay

\s, 5d, to the derk and sexton. {See report on

St. Christopher le Stocks.)

Poor of the Parish of St, Christopher.

8/100 24 5 2

Paid to the rector with the sum last
mentioned, this being directed to be applied to
the poor of the parish as long as there shall be
any, and then to the other objects.

10/100 for relief of prisoners - - - 30 6 7

£ s. d, £ s, d.
4/100 to the Poultry
and Wood Street
Compter - - 12 2 7

2/100 Newgate - - 6 1 4
1/2 of 3/100 Ludgate - 4 11

22 4 11

The foregoing are paid
to Mr. Temple, the officer
of the City at the Guild-
hall.

1/2 of 3/100 Fleet
Prison - - 4 11



Paid to the governor of the
Queen's Bench Prison.

1/100 to the treasurer of Bethle-
hem Hospital - • -



4 11



3 8



30 6 7



4/lOOtotheoffieersof the Company — £ s, d

2/100, clerk ")

3/4 of 2/100, beadle^ - . . 12 2 9

1/4 of 2/100, porter J
25/100, poor religious men and women of the ,

City of London . - - - 75 16 'i

£ s. d.

In November 1858 - - 29 5

1859 . - 29 17 6

1860 . - 26 2 6
Averaging about 28/. IO5. a year was distri-
buted to poor olothworkers in sums varying
from bs, to 1 /. The recipients are recommended
by a court of the Clothworkers' Company, and
the distribution is made at a meeting of the
piaster and wardens of the Drapers' Company
in the month of November.

The remainder is paid to the poor of the
Drapers' Company, forming part of the fund,
out of which 60 poor of the Company, called
the " poor on the roll," receive pensions of 4/.
per quarter each.

They are selected by the master and wardens,
as vacancies occur at their discretion, by a
general vote or agreement, and not by any rota-
tion of choice. The roll thus represents an
expenditure of 240/. per quarter, of which the
above balance forms a part.
4/100 to the wardens - - - - 12 2 7

lliis is applied accordinglv, being paid to
their account in the Company s books.

. €303 ~3

There was on the 3l6t December 1860 a balance oi
7/. 13^. Ad, cash standing to the credit of the trust. In
1853 there were certain fixtures in 181, Fleet Street, for
which the tenant paid 10/., and this is a portion of the
fund.

Queen Elizabeth's College at Greenwich.

Queen Elizabeth by her letters patent of the 25th
November 1575, on the petition of Sir Geo. Hay ward,
Wm. Lambard, and others, granted that there should be
a college or hospital of poor persons at East Greenwich for
the relief and support of poor and indigent persons, and
to be called '' Collegium Pauperum Retinae EHzabeth," to
consist of a warden, sub-warden, and 18 poor persons, and
that the Master of the Rolls and the two senior wardens
of the Drapers' Company should be the president and
governors, and be incorporated.

The statutes of the college, made in 15/8, are of great
length, and are set out in pp. 398 and 399 of the Report
of the Commissioners of Inquiry (vol. 32, part 2), to which
I beg to refer.

The Commissioners of Inquiry state that the founder's
deeds settling the property, which constituted the endow-
ment of the college, had not been found. It appeared that
there was a direction or request in the will of Mr. Lambard
of the 16th May 1597, that the president and governors
would be pleased to make leases from time to time to such
of his name as should be his heir male of his manors and
lands in Kent for the then usual and accustomed rents.
The president and governors in 1608, " in performance of
** such earnest suit and petition," covenanted with Sir
Malton Lambard to seal to him and his heirs mtJe leases of
the lands therein mentioned (within three years before the
expiration of existing leases) for 21 years, and so from 21
years to 21 years, with the several benefits and advantages
therein contained, and saving only that the president and
governors might increase the rents, so that tne total rents
thereafter reserved should not exceed the sum of bl, more
than the total rents on the lease then in being. The Com-
missioners stated the demises to the Lambard family at
the same rents down to the year 1830, and observed that
whether they ought to be set aside was a fit question for
the Attorney-General.

An information ex-officio was filed by the Attorney-
General (Sir Frederick Thesiger) on the 29th October 1845
against Willismi Lambard, claiming to be heir-at-law of
the founder, and Sir Percival Hart Dyke, Baronet, and the
Rev. Thomas Randolph, the executors of Multon Lambard,
the last lessee and the president and governors of the
college, praying that the several leases of the 11th March
1830 therein mentioned might be set aside, and that tiie
defendants, William Lambard, Sir Percival Hart Dyke, and
Hiomas Randolph, might be directed to ddiver up posses-
sion of the premises held by them as aforesaid to the said
president ana governors, and might be decreed out of the
assets of the said testator, to pay and make good to the

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CITY OF LONDON LIVEBT COMPANIES COMMISSION:



college such principal sum over and above the said rent
reserved by the said leases as might seem proper. And
that it might be declared that the said indenture of the
3rd March 1608, and the covenants therein contained, were
invalid and void and not binding on the said president
and governors of the said college, and if necessary proper
directions miffht be given for the management and lettmg
of such lands m futiue.

It appears by some correspondence between the solicitor
of the Attorney-General (J. P. Fearon, Eso.) and the
solicitor of the governors, of the 26th and 31 st January
1S50, that some proposals were made and partly accepted
for a compromise of the suit. Mr. Lambard having, how-
ever, objected to some of the terms proposed (apparently
as to costs) the suit was heard before the Vice-Chiuicellor
(Sir R. M. Rolfe) on the 12th November 1850, when it was
declared that the five several leases of the llth March 1830
granted to Multon Lambard, deceased, ought to be set
aside, and the Court decreed the same accordingly, and
that the defendants, William L&mbard and the Rev.
Thomas Randolph, should deliver up the said leases, and
execute a proper deed or deeds to be settled by the Master,
in case the parties differed, for surrendering the said leases
and the hereditaments thereby demised to the said defen-
dants, the president and governors of Queen Elizabeth's
College, but without prejudice to the liability of the defen-
dants, William Lambard and Thomas Randolph, to pay the
rents thereby reserved up to that time, and by consent the
defendant, William Lambard, his executors, &c., was to
hold the said charity hereditaments thenceforth for his life
and for 30 years afterwards at a reserved rent of 3001. a
year, and a lease was to be made to him accordingly. And
that it be referred to the Master to settle such lease, and
that the same should contain covenants on the part of the
lessee or lessees to keep in repair the said premises after
the same should have been put into repair under the
direction therein-after contained, and the said lease was
also to contain all other usual covenants and provisions.
And it was ordered that all such necessary repairs of the
said premises as the Master should think fit be executed
out of the funds of the said charity estates. And that it
be referred to the Master to inqmre what repairs were
necessary, and to ascertain the expenses thereof. And that
such repairs as the said Master snould approve, and such
sum as the said Master should certify to be necessary to
deinj the expenses thereof, be done and paid for out of
the funds of the said charity accordingly. And that the
costs of and all charges and expenses properly incurred by
the Attorney-General and the said defendants, the president
and governors, in the suit or in relation thereto be paid
and retained by the said last-named defendants out of the
funds of the said charity.

In pursuance of the said decree a lease was made by the
presioentand governors, and settled by the Master, bearing
date the 12th day of January 1854 of the farms (particularly
described. No. I, in the table below) to the said William
Lambard and his assigns, ftrom the 25th December 1850,
for the term of the natural life of the said William Lam-
bard and for 30 years from the day of his decease, but
subject to impeachment for waste as therein-after mentioned,
at the annual rent of 300/., and William Lambard thereby
covenants to insure the buildings and the farms, he being
permitted to retain one half of the sum expended In effect-
ing and keeping up such insurance, and that he will keep
the said buudings in repair, being allowed rough timber
for the same.

The present rental is — £ s, d,

I. William Lambard, the farms following.
(Underlease of the 12th January 1854 herein-



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