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City of London Livery Companies' Commission: Report and Appendix, Volume 4 online

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and it is supposed amongst others the books containing
the admissions, &c. The Company have followed the
custom of the adjoining manors of Cookham. There seem
to have been heriots formerly taken, but have not b^n
recovered or attempted to be enforced since the reign of
Henry the 8th.

The balance due from the charity to the Company up
to the end of 1857 was 449/. \7s. This was explained
in the following letter to the accountant of the Charity
Commissioners from the clerk of the Company.

'' I am desired to inform you that the balance arose by
the outlay of upwards of 1,400/. in repairs to the house on
Lord's lands farm, and in rebuilding the house and farm
buildings at Short Lane farm in 1851 and 1855. Also
from the outlay in 1853 of 150/. in building a wall between
No. 10, Aldgate and No. 3, Jewry Street, and a further
sum of upwards of 100/. in 1854 in draining the lands in
Bray. The income of this trust for last year reduced the
balance against the trust by nearly 200/., and as tbe
expenditure on account of the al-nshouses is not likely to
be very different from late years except in the thorough
repair of the chimnies and repainting the external work
this year, which may occasion an outlay of 200/., the
Company anticipate in the course of three or four years
the balance will be paid o£F."

The balance was on the 31st December 1860 reduced
to 152/. 6s. 2d. The Company have agreed to substitute
for the brick floors in many of the houses wooden floors,
which will involve some expenditure and probably prevent
the reduction of the balance in the present year.

The annual disbursements in respect of the hospital are
as follows : —

J^ s. d.
Insurance of the almshouses - - 115

Pensions to the almspeople —

The London inmates (having the freedom
of the Company) are six, of whom two
are married and receive each 12*. per
week - - - - -62 80

The other four being single (each 7s.)

per week - - - - 72 16

The Bray inmates, of whom there are 34 —

The married almspeople receive 6s. 6d,

each per week, at present 8 - . 135 4

l^e remaining 26 inmates being single at
4s.6d.e&ch - - . . 304 4

Gifts on visitation, and otherwise to the

almspeople, say- - - -2500

Medical attendance on the six London alms-
people (according to circumstances), say - 10 0.
Nurses attending on aged and infirm (the

nurses being sometimes the almswomen),

say - - - - -3000

Carried forward - 650 17



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MR. HARES RETORT. — FISHMONGERS COMPANY.



£ 8. d.
Brought forward - 650 1 7

Coals and faggots (25 bundles of faggots and
28 cwt. of coals, to each person or married
couple 107 12 2

Gowns and coats (one every two years),
cloth for the men at S2s. and French
merino for the women, about - - 33

The chaplain and paymaster (who has four
rooms in the hospital and reads the service
to the almspeople on Tuesdays and Thurs-
days, and who also collects the rents and
pays the almspeople,) 20/. for his services
as chaplain, and 211. as paymaster and
agent - - - - - 41

The Company also every seven years present

him with a gratuity of 30/. - - 4 6

Salaries to the keepers, being two of the
almspeople - - - - 4

Labour and other expenses - - - 10

Average repairs of the almshouses, say - 30

Expenses of the deputation and other general
expenses - -'- - -20

Surveyor attending the deputation - - 3 3

jf900 18 2



The Company, independently of the funds specifically
applicable to the hospital, credit the institution with —

^ s. d.
The pensions paid to the six free almspeople

bevond donor's allowance or whatsoever

other amount might be required so as to

make the pensions to the married people

12s. and the single 7s. per week each
To the medical attendance for the free people,

the entire amount of which in 1860 was
(The parishionary people being attended
by the parish surgeon.)
The hospital for the funeral expenses of any

free almspeople - - - -

The donation to the poor's box, in 1860, of

the hospital on St. Thomas' day - - 5 5

The amount given to the Bray Charities ^ - 5 5

The election of the free people of the Company is in
the same manner as for St. Peter's Hospital, and the
election of the parishioners of Bray is upon a list returned
under a printed form signed by the paymaster, describing
the condition, age, and character of tne applicants, with
the observations as to their necessities or infirmities. I
append a printed table setting forth the orders for the
government of the hospital and the rules to be observed
by the inmates.*



- 68 9 8



- 11 8



3 3



Jbsus Hospital, at Bray, in the County of Bbrks.

Governors :

The Wardens and Assistants of the Mistery of Fish-
mongers, of the City of London.

Benefactions.

1609 — William Goddard, Esquire, who died in the year
1609, by will gave and devised to the wardens and com-
monalty of the mistery of fishmongers, of the City of
London, all his messuages and lands, situate in the City of
London, and the parish of Bray, in the county of Berks,
to erect an hospital for 40 poor persons, men or women,
to dwell and inhabit therein ; whereof six are to be of the
poorest, most aged, and decayed persons, free of the said
Company, and «M are to be of the poorest and most aged
parishioners of Bray, and such as have been dwelling in
the said parish of Bray 20 years next before being elected
thereto, and every one of the said 40 persons being of the
age of 50 years. And Letters Patent were obtained dated
13 August, 14 Jas. I., granting to the Fishmongers' Com-
pany authority to erect and establish the said hospital,
upon the trusts of the said will, to be called Jesus Hospital,
founded by King James, at Bray, in the county of Berks,
at the only coats and charges of William Goddard,
Esquire.



20th February 1653.-— Randolph Baskerville, by will of
the 20th of February 1653, gave 200/., and directed the
yearly sura of 41., part of the interest thereof, to be paid
half yearly to the poor in Jesus Hospital.

28th April 16/6 and 23rd May 1677— John Owen, by
indentures of these dates, gave 270^., and directed the sum
of 2O5.. part of the interest thereof, to be paid yearly on the
20th of March to six poor almsfolks, free of the Company,
in Jesus Hospital.

8th January 1686. — Jeremiah Copping, by will of the
8th of January 1686, gave certain monies for the main-
tenance of nine or ten poor old almsmen of the Company.
Under this benefaction the sum of 36/. is appropriated
yearly in the relief of the six almspeople, free of the
Company, in Jesus Hospital.

28th March 1810.— Thomas Cooke, by will of the 28th
of March 1810, gave 5,900/. Consolidated Three per Cent.
Bank Annuities to the Company upon trust, to apply the
dividends thereof weekly for ever, for the benefit and
relief of the 34 parishionliry almspeople in Jesus Hos-
pital.

Orders for the Government op the Hospital.

The paymaster is to attend at the hospital to pay the
pensions, to examine into the state of the almspeople, and
allow them to have musses if needful ; and if any of them
shall ofPend against the rules and orders, the paymaster
shall adopt such measures thereon as he may deem requi-
site ; and in all matters of importance, he shall report the
same to the governors.

The chaplain appointed by the governors is to perform
divine 8er\dce in the chapel of the hospital on Tuesdays
and Thursdays between the hours of 9 and 12, and to
visit the almspeople in sickness, when desired.

The upper keeper, appointed by the governors from
among the almsmen, is to take care of the keys of the
hospital and of the chapel ; to keep clean the chapel ; to
officiate as clerk, when divine service is performed ; to
take care of the goods and chattels in the house of any
deceased almsman or almswoman, until they are removed
by the permission of the paymaster ; to see that the alms-
people take care of the gardens allotted to them, and that
the other parts of the garden and ground, as well as the
out-buildings, be kept clean and in good order and con-
dition ; to take notice of all offences committed by the
almspeople, and acquaint the paymaster therewith.

The under keeper, appointed by the governors from
among the almsmen, is to open the gate in the morning
and to ring the bell on shuttmg the gate in the evening ;
also to ring the bell for assembling in the chapel.

Rules to be observed by tub Almspeople.

1. The almsmen shall according to their seniority in the
hospital attend by turns at the gate, on every Lord's day,
in order to prevent improper persons from coming into
the hospital.

2. All the almspeople (except the almsman attending at
the gate, and such of the almspeople as are prevented by
sickness) shall both in the forenoon and afternoon of
every Lord's day, in due time, repair to some place of
public worship, and attend divine service.

3. All the almspeople (except such of them as are pre-
vented by sickness) shall in the morning of every Tuesday
and Thursday, at the second ringing of the hospital bell,
assemble in the chapel, and join in public prayer, according
to the rites of the Church of England.

4. None of the almspeople shall use any blasphemous
words or on any occasion be drunk, or at any time make
use of any bitter, uncharitable or offensive speeches, or
give any blow to any other of the almspeople, or act dis-
orderly or dishonestly, upon pain of being expelled.

5. 5fone of the almspeople shall be allowed to go out of
the hospital before the opening of the gate in the morning,
or to come into the hospital after the shutting of the gate
in the evening, or shall be absent from the hospital during
the night, without license from the upper keeper, who is
allowed to permit such of the almspeople as he shall see
fit, on urgent occasions, to lie out or the hospital ; but no
permission shall be ^iven to any of the almspeople to lie
out more than two nights successively, without the consent
of the paymaster.



♦Jesus Hospital.

Under the authority of an order of the Board, dated
2nd February 1875, the Company granted a new lease of
the premises and their site Nos. 10 and 11, Aldgate,
referred to on page 4, for a term of 80 years from the
26th day of March 1874, at an annual rent of 380/.
the lessee having expended a sum of 2,500/. in the erection
of new buildings thereon.



Under the authority of another order of the Board, dated
the 13th August 1875, the Companv granted a new lease
of the property numbered No. 8, Jewry Street, also
referred to on page 4, for a term of 80 years from the
25th day of December 1874, at an annual rent of 330/.,
the lessee having expended a sum of not less than 5,000/.
in the erection of new buildings on the property.



Pf 2



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228



CITY or LONDON LIVERY COMPANIES COMMISSION:



6. The almspeople shall have no person to reside with
them or attend upon them, but in case of sickness tlie
paymaster may allow a woman to attend as nurse, being of
the age of 50 years.

7. The almspeople shall not damage any of the houses,
break down any or the fences, or destroy any of the trees.

8. None of the almspeople or any person whatever shall
lay or cast any rubbish, dust, or filth, in any part of the
hospital, or the grounds, ditches, or drains thereto belong-
ing, or wash fish, vegetables, or any utensils, at or near the
pump.

9. 'Vhe almspeople shall keep clean their dwellings, and
the pavement before and behind the same, and the garden
allotted to each house ; and shall also keep repaired the
glass in their windows, at their own charge, or in default
thereof, the expense of repairing them shall be deducted
out of their pensions.

10. The almspeople shall behave peaceably and quietly,
and be helpful to each other.

11. No almsman or almswoman shall marry, without the
consent of the governors, upon pain of being expelled.

12. If any almsman shall have a wife, or any almswoman
a husband, the wife of the almsman shall be allowed to
dwell with her husband, and the husband of the alms-
woman with his wife ; and in every ofPence against these
orders, the offence of the wife shall be deemed the offence
of the husband, and the offence of the husband the offence
of the wife,

13. Upon the decease of any of the almspeople, none of
the goods and chattels in the house of the deceased shall
be removed, without the permission of the paymaster ; and
that care may in the mean time be taken of such goods and
chattels, the key of the house shall be delivered to the
upper keeper.

14. The badge of the almsman or almswoman that shall
die or be removed shall remain to the house for the suc-
ceeding almsman or almswoman, also the coat and gown,
if such had been received within six months previously to
the decease or removal of such almsman or almswoman.

15. These rules shall be read by the upper keeper or the
under keeper, in the presence of the paymaster, on every
24th day of June, and every 21st day of December, and at
every visitation of the governors to the almspeople,
assembled in the chapel for that purpose.

16. Offences committed against any of these rules to be
from time to time stated by the upper keeper to the pay-
master.

These orders and rules were revised in the wardenship of —
Thomas Bodley, Esq., Prime Warden.
John Towgood, Esq. "|

Samuel Mills, Esq. I

Evan Edwards, Esq. )• Wardens.

James Davidson, Esq. |

James Ebenbzer Saunders, Esq. J
And ordained at a court holden on the 20th dav of Julv
1826. ^

John David Towsb,

Clerk to the Company.
No fee or perquisite shall, on any account, be receivea by
the upper or under keeper from the almspeople.

By order of the court, June 24th, 184?.

Copping's Gift.

Jeremiah Copping, by his will, 8th January 1686, gave
the Company 1,800^. to purchase lands for the maintenance
of 9 or 10 poor old almsmen of the Company, and also a
rentcharge of 50/. a year, payable to the testator and his
heirs during the life of Anthony Brown. The Commis-
sioners of Inquiry state that under the above bequest the
Company received 2,1 63^. 95. 9d,, and that until a purchase
should be made in land the Company had ordered 721. a
year to be paid to the charity account. On the 22nd Oc-
tober 1838 an information was filed against the Company,
at the suit of the Attorney-General, at the relation of
Thomas Spencer Hall, chargmg that some competent por-
tion of the lands or other real estate, public stocks and
funds, or other property of the said Company, of which
they had a sufficiency for that purpose, ought to be appro-
priated or otherwise that some adequate purchase or invest-
ment of land ought, in performance of the said trust, to be
made out of the funds of the Company, as forming the
endownaent of the said charity, and praying —

That it might be declared that tne said Company had
made default and acted in ^^oIation of the trusts in them
reposed in the before-mentioned particulars, and more
especially in not having invested the said sum of
2,163/. 9s. 9a., derived under the will of Jeremiah Coj)ping,
within a reasonable time after the receipt thereof, and that
the said charitable trust of the testator might be specifically
performed under the decree of tbe Court, and that some



adequate portion of the lands or other funds of the
said Company might be assessed and appropriated, or
otherwise that some competent purchase of land might be
made out of the funds of the said Company, as the endow-
naent of the said charity upon the principal of compensa-
tion in respect of the loss sustained by the said charity by
the neglect of the said Company in not having laid out the
said sum in due time, and that the defendants might be
decreed to account for the difference between the said
yearly sum of 72/. and interest on the sum of 2,1632. 9«. 9d,
at 5Z. per cent., or at such other rate as, having regard to
the use of the said charity fund by the said Company, or to
profit or interest actually realised, as might be deemed
reasonable, and that for the last 100, or at least 50, years
before the filing of the information. And that it might be
declared that according to the meaning of the will there
ought to be established a number of almsmen of the foun.
dation of the said testator, independent and distinct of all
other almspeople of the said Company already ezistiDg and
otherwise established ; and that it might be referred to the
master to settle a proper scheme in that behalf, having
regard to such sum as the defendants should be found
liable to pay in respect of the arrears of interest as afore-
said and to the due application thereof in advancement of
the said charitable trust.

The caae came before the Master of the Rolls on the
16th November 1836. The Master of the Rolls deUvere<l
his judgment on the 16th Januanr 1837. After stating the
questions raised in the suit, his Honour said : —

" As to the alleged obligation of founding a distinct
establishment, it is to be observed that in the will the tes-
tator has not directed any separate foundation ; he has said
nothing about almshouses or about any name to be affixed
to his charity, or any scheme of selecting the persons
amongst the freemen who were to be the objects of hb
bounty, or to be distinguished as his almsmen, but he
describes the persons who are to enjoy his bounty as poor
old almsmen of the Company, not as persons to be made
solely the receipt of his bounty; and upon the construction
of this bequest I cannot say that I think he meant to direct
the foundation of a separate and distinct establishment, or
to restrain the Company from applying the income to be
derived from his gift to the maintenance of persons already
almsmen of the Company in aid of funds previously ap-
plicable for thefr benefit. Therefore I cannot declare that
according to the true intent and meaning of the will there
ought to be an establishment of almsmen of the foundation
of the testator independent from all otlier almsmen of the
Company.

" With respect to the investment, it appears to me that
the Company ought, within a reasonable time, to have in-
vested the 1,632/. 175. 3d. in the purchase of land. They,
perhaps, could not do so without a license, to obtain which
would have been an expense to the charity ; but by incur-
ring the expense the license in all probability might have
been obtained, and then the will in that respect might have
been strictly performed. But supposing there to have been
some insuperable difficulty about the investments in land,
there ought clearly to have been a separate investment of
some sort of both the 1,632/. I7s. 3d. and the 530/. 12*. 6d.
These sums ought to have been distinguished from all
other funds, so that it might at all times be ascertained, if
necessary, by the Court, and at all times easily proved by
the Company, that the full income of the testator's gift was
properly applied, and it appears to me that it is now neces-
sary that a distinct investment should be made.

" With respect to the alleirations that the defendants
have paid tc the almspeople, whom they have considered to
be the objects of the testator's bounty, less than they ought
to be charged with for the interest of the money in their
hands, I have very carefully considered the evidence, and
upon the result of it I am of opinion that the defendants
have satisfactorily proved that for many years past they
have for the benefit of these poor people annually paid out
of their own funds far more than any specific sum of
money with which they could be charged by way of
interest. There appears to me to be no reason to presume
the case was difiPerent in times antecedent to the time to
which the evidence relates, and being of opinion that,
proper objects of the charity have "been substantially
benefited by the defendants as trustees to the full amount
of the income to which they are entitled, I do not think fit
to make any further inquiry in that respect; and having
regard to what the Company has done, and to what I con-
ceive to be the real interest of the objects of the testator's
bounty, it does not appear to me to be proper to direct an
inquiry when a proper investment might have been made,
and whether any and what loss has been incurred by neg-
lecting to make such investment at such time.

" I have considered this case with reference to the costs.
The information as to a considerable part of it fails. As



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MR. HARBS REPORT. — ^FISHMONGERS COMPANY.



229



to that which succeeds^ I do not think that it will sub-
stantially promote the benefit of the objects of the testator's
bounty, and it appears to have been filed without any
previous application to the Company.

" These and other circumstances have made me hesitate
considerably in allowing the relators their costs, but con-
sidering that the omission of the Company to invest the
legacy affords a substantial ground of complaint, that the
meritorious application made by the Company of their own
funds for the benefit of the objects of this charity could
not in consequence of their omission to invest be ascer-
tained without the sort of investigation which this matter
has undergone, and having regarcf also to the decree made
by Sir J. Leach in the case of the Goldsmiths' Company,
I think myself bound to say, and I say it with reluctance,
that the defendants must pay the costs of the suit as
between party and party. At the same time I do not
think it is proper in tnis case to give to the relators what Sir
J. Leach gave to the relators in the case of the Goldsmiths'
Company, the extra costs out of the fund of this charity.

•* The decree, therefore, which I make is thfit this sum
be brought into court and invested in 3 per Cents, that
the dividends to arise from it be paid to the defendants,
the Fishmongers' Company, on the trusts of the charity,
with liberty to any party to apply as to the investment,
and that the costs of the suit as between party and party
be paid by the defendants to the relators."

The fund was paid into court and investetl in
2,36/2. 14*. Id. Consols. It still stands to the credit of the
cause, and the dividends amounting to /U. Os. Sd. per
annum are received by the Company, and the amount is
carried half to the account of Jesus Hospital and half to
the account of the Harrietsham Almshouses. In both of
these institutions the only participants in this charity are
the almspeople who are free of the Company.

Cooke's Gift.

Thomas Cooke, by his will 28th March 1810, gave to the
Company 6,900/. Cfonsols, to apply the dividends for the
benefit and relief of the 34 parishionary almspeople in
Jesus Hospital for increasing their pensions.

The fund which was transferred to the Company in full
stands in the corporate name of the Company in the books
of the Bank of England. It seems to have been the sub-
ject of an administration suit, Neale v. Day and others, in
1813, and thit the transfer was made and the arrears of
interest paid under the order of the court. The annual
dividends amount to 177/.

Baskbrvillb's and Owen's Gifts.

The gift of 200/. by Randolph Baskerville, in 1653, is
mentioned in the Loan Trust Account {see Cecilia Long's
Gift), and the capital is there accounted for.

The sum of 4/. is paid to the account of Jesus Hospital.
Owen's Charity is mentioned in a subsequent part of this
report, and from that gift 1/. is paid to Jesus Hospital,
part of the 12/. a year comprising that gift.

Hibbert's Charity.

Mr. John Hibbert in 1856, presented to the Fish-
mongers' Company 500/., on condition that they would
increase the pensions of the married parishionary alms-
people in Jesus Hospital by Is, a week ; and iu 1857 he
gave a further sum of 500/. on the Company agreeing to
increase the j/cnsions of such almspeople by a second I*, a
week. In 1860 the same gentleman gave 1,000/. to the
Company on the further condition of adding 6d, a week to
each of the married and single parishionary almspeople in
Jesus Hospital. The Company have accepted these gifts
on the conditions expressed by the donor, and the pay-
ments arc made and are included in the amount of the
pensions which I have stated in my account of the hos-
pital disbursements.

llie above extra annual payments amount to 85/. 16*. a
year.
The Free Grammar School at Holt, Norfolk.
Sir John Gresham, early in the reiyn of Phillip and
Mary, granted to the Company certam estates for the
maintenance of a grammar school, established previously
by letters patent of the 27th April 1654, whereby it was
ordained that there should be one grammar school in Holt
otherwise Holt Market, to be called "the Free Grammar



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