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City of London Livery Companies' Commission: Report and Appendix, Volume 4 online

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School of Sir John Gresham, knight, citizen, and alder-
man of London," for the education, teaching, and in-
struction of boys and youths in grammar, with one school-
master and one usher ; and whereby also " the wardens and
" commonalty of the mystery of Fishmongers of London,
** governors of the possessions, revenues, and goods of the
** Free Grammar School of Sir John Gresham, knight,
** citizen, and alderman of London, in Holt otherwise Holt
^* Market, in the county of Norfolk," were incorporated

by that name and licensed to hold goods, chattels, nutnors,
and lands in mortmain.

Sir J. Gresham, by deed of the 16th October 1656
(recited in an instrument which has been preserved), gave
to the Company certain manors, messuages, Ian is, and
hereditaments therein mentioned in the county of N >rfolk,
to hold to the said Company for the sustentation of the
said Free Grammar School.

The statutes for the government of the school, made by
the governors at different times, and approved by the
Bishop of Norwich, are set forth in the Report of the
Commissioners of Inquiry (Fishmongers' Company, vol. 12,
p. 106).

The Commissioners state that the school had decb'ned
before the appointment of the then hsad master, but on
the gratuitous instruction being extended to English, the
school had revived and the increased number of 50 free
scholars had been filled up. This re^iort was made in 1823,
Subsequently the institution came under the notice of the
Commissioners of Inquiry in the county of Norfolk, and
by their report, made in 1832 (vol. 26, p. 289), it is stated
as follows : —

" In September, when we visited the town, we found that
the number of free scholars had been kept up to 50; that
19 of them were receiving classical instruction ; and that
there were above 20 candidates for vacancies. The master
had discontinued taking boarders, but had 10 day scholars
receiving gratuitous instruction, or paying from 2/. 2*. to
8/. 8«. per annum, according to the circumstances of their
parents. These boys are admitted as candidates, and fre-
quently succeed to the vaicancies in the number of ftree

" In 1831 the Company agreed to give 5?. a year for
prizes at the annual examination of the scholars before the
visitors, the master having previously provided prizes for
this purpose at his own expense.

" The national system is adopted in the school as far as
practicable, and the school appears to be in great repute.
The expenditure is nearly the same as it was in 1823, as
stated in our former report."

The school continued under the same master, the Rev. B.
Pulleyne, until the year 1857- At that time it was found
that owing to the establishment of another school in the
town, and the age and incapacity of the master, and other
causes, the school had fallen in its standing. This was
partly also attributed to the introduction of the national
system, which had led to the introduction of a lower class
of pupils, and persons of a better condition had been pre-
vented from sending their children to it. In 1857 a depu-
tation of the Company visited the school and examined
into its condition. I annex to this report a printed extract
of the report of the deputation.

The recommendation contained in such report was agreed
to and adopted.

The old schoolroom was taken down, leaving the
master's residence standing ; the Company erected a new
schoolroom capable of receiving 100 pupils (instead of 50).

The cost of the buildings stated in the accounts laid
before the Commissioners for the year 1858 was
1,444/. 8*. lie/.

In 1858 the Company applied to the Bishop of Norwich
for power to alter the statutes of the school, the principal
alterations proposed being the introduction of mathe-
matics, geometry, reading, geography, and history, and the
abolition of the clause in the statutes of 1821, which left it
to the option of the parents or friends of the scholars
whether they should or not be taught Latin and Greek.
The new statutes also increased the salary of the master
from 100/. per annum to 2(K)/. per annum, and empowered
him to take 10 boarders, "or such other number as the
" governors may see fit." The Committee on the 18th May
1858 considered and settled the statutes, and resolved to
apply for the consent of the bishop. Slight alterations
were subsequently made, and the statutes were finally
seHled on the 8th September 1858. The statutes thus
established are set forth in the book annexed to this report
(which also contains an alteration as to the holidays ap-
proved by the same authority on the 19th July 1860).

In July 1860 the Company also resolved to increase the
salary of the usher (stated in section 3, page 10 of the
statutes) from 80/. to 1 10/. a year. This was done in con-
sequence of a representation being made by the master that
a person of sufficient standing could not be obtained for
the smaller sum. This also was approved by the bishop.

The court of the Company elected a new master on the
1st July 1858. The appointment was made after advertifie-
ment in May 1858 of the intended appointment in July.
The qualifications specified in the advertisement were that
the candidate must be a graduate of one of the univer-

yf 3

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There were 81 candidates, and the Rev. Charles Allen
Elton, B.D., formerly a fellow of Sidney Sussex College,
was appointed. He had been engaged in a scholastic
occupation formerly.

The master, according to the statutes, appointed the
usher. Mr. R. Phillips was appointed to that office, and
continued up to Midsummer 1860, \shen he retired, and
Mr. Chas. F. Furbank was appointed from Michaelmas
1860 on the above-mentioned scale of salary. He is a
graduate of the University of Cambrid}<e.

An interesting account of the reopening of the school,
and a description and view of the house and premises, are
contained in the work which is annexed to this report.

The Company were strongly urged by the deputation
to take an early opportunity of taking down the old
master's house and rebuilding it. In March 1859 a com-
munication on this subject was made to the Commissioners
of Charities, and the result is set forth in the order of the
board of the 10th May 1859 (under its seal), whereby, upon
the statements and evidence therein mentioned, the Charity
Commissioners advise the said governors that out of any
surplus revenue which might accrue to the said charity,
subject to and after answering and satisfying the salaries of
the master and usher of the said school as settled by the
statutes and orders of the year 1858, and the life pension of
the late master, and all other charges and expenses what-
soever of or relating to the said school, as the same is now
carried on or conducted, and all costs, charges, and ex-
penses whatsoever of or relating to the management and
administration of the said charity, and the property or
estate thereof, tbe said governors might repay to themselves
the sum of \fi'2i\l. 3s. l^d. then due to them in respect of
the rebuilding the schoolroom and offices of or beli)nging
to the said school and otherwise, and any sum or sums
which the said governors might lay out or expend in re-
building the master's house (not exceeding for su?h last-
mentioned purpose lifiiKH , exclusive of the architect's com-
mission and payments for the clerk of the works and
travelling expenses), with interest on the said several sums
re«pectively at the rate of 4^ per cent, per annum ; but so
always that if the state of the surplus revenue would
permit such principal moneys and interest should be repaid
(in manner and subject as aforesaid) within a period of not
more than ^30 years from the date hereof ; and so also that
if such principal moneys and interest should not be fully
repaid in manner aforesaid within the said last-mentioned
period, then and in such case any principal money or
interest which might happen to remain due to the said
governors should be deemed to be wholly extinguished and
discharged in favour of the said charity.

£ s, d.

The master's house was therefore taken
down and rebuilt at an expense, in-
cluding all charges, of - - 3,528 3

This amount, added to the former ex-
pense of rebuilding the schoolroom, - 1,414 8 11

was 4,972 9 2

The sum of \fi2Cil. :U. \d. mentioned in the order of the
Charity ('ommissioners was reduced by the deduction of
certain expenses of the deputatit)u, &c.i paid by the charity
out of their own funds, to the sum of 1,4.S5Z. Is. 1 IJrf., as
stated in the accounts for 1859.

£ s. d.
Under the order of the Charity Commis-
sioners (mentioned above) the Com-
pany is empowered to charge interest
at 4 per cent, on the balance of - 1,435 1 11 J

On the sum limited for the rebuilding of

the schoolmaeter's house - - 3,000

And on the charges of the surveyor,
clerk of the works, and their travelling
expenses - - - - 414 10 5

4,849 12 4i

In the necessary improvements in the reconstruction of
the premises it was thought necessary to purchase some
adjoining cottages, which ^vas effected by the Company for
the sum of 539/. 9*. i^d. This sum, which was paid by
the Company, brings up the actual expense of the enliro
improvements to 5,51 H. 18*. 6Jf/. The Company, amongst
other things, built a tennis court, and levelled a 'field for a
cricket ground, and rebuilt the boundary wall separating
the school from the road, and otherwise altering the fences
and filling and draining a road-side pond, flowing into the
grounds of the school. The prime warden for the time
beiu^ presented the school with an apparatus for gymnastic

The Companv, in their corporate capacity as goyemors
of the school, have entered into a bond for 6,000/. with
the trustees of the Union Life Office in Comhill, bearing?
date the 13th October 1859, conditioned for the repayment
of 3,000/. and interest at 4 J per cent., and by an indenture
of even date the Fishmongers' Company covenant to pay
the said debt and interest, but shall not pay off the principal
in less sums than 500/., nor in less than three years from
the date thereof; and the indenture provides that the pos-
sessions, revenues, and goods of the Free Grammar School
should be the primary lund for the payment of the said
3,000/. and the interest thereof, and that the said principal
sum and interest should not, nor should any part thereof,
be deemed to be a charge upon or be levied or recovered
out of any other possessions, revenues, or goods vested in
or belonging to the said Company unless the said principal
and interest, or such part thereof, cannot in due course of
law be levied or recovered upon or from the possessions,
&c. of the said Free Grammar School.

The examinations of the school take place under the
superintendence of the visitors of the school twice a year,
in conformity with the fourth section of the statutes. No
paid examiners are appointed, but several of the local
visitors are believed to be competent examiners. Examina-
tion papers have been prepared by the master {one set of
which f append), and the answers are made in writing, and
in addition to these there is an oral examination in the
presence of the visitors. The visitors afterwards make a
report on the state of the school and of the scholars, and
of those departed and admitted during the preceding half
year, and they distribute prizes at both examinations in
books of the value of 5/. each time. They also give at
Midsummer a prize of 61. in books to the best scholar in
mathematics, combined with general good conduct, and
which prize is called the Jodrell Prize. This arises from
2,000/. new 3/. per cent. Annuities, given by Mrs. L. Scale
Hayne to commemorate the name of her uncle, the Rev.
Sheldron Jodrell, late a visitor of the school, and late
rector of Saxlingham ; the books (accord uig to the bequest),
" Not being novels or other literary trabh, to be chosen 1^
** the scholar subject to the approval of the governors."
And the testatrix provided that the present and future
rectors of Saxlingham should be visitors of the school, and
entitled to a voice in awarding the prize. The reports made
by nine of the visitors since have been favourable as to the
progress of the school. The master of the school has made
the following report : —

Report of the Rev. C. A. Elton, to the Deputation of
Governors, respecting the progress of the Gresham
Scholars. June 20th, 1860.

. " In February 1859 the school opened with its full com-
pliment of 60 foundation scholars, with the exception of
two or three, who were permitted to remain at their pre-
vious schools until the ouarter. A portion of the boys
(34 in number) had attenaed for three weeks in the pre-
ceding December.

** ()f the whole 50 boys, I found, on examination, that
only 12 had been at school where Latin was taught, and
out of this number (12) only four (now in class 5) were
sufficiently advanced to read the text-book now in use in
class 3. The remaining eight had a most imperfect and
inaccurate knowledge of what they professed to have learnt;
indeed 12 only out of the 50 had commenced the Latin
grammar, the remaining 38 then commenced the elements
thereof :

*' The ages of the scholars were as follows : —

8 between 14 and 15,

8 .. 12 „ 13,
13 . „ 9 „ 12,
12 „ 8 „ 9,

9 >, / >♦ 8,

of these younger boys admitted 21 could barely read an
elementary narration of one sylUble ; not one of the group
could write more than the four or five first words of the
Lord's Prayer, and seven could not read the first verse in
St. John's Gospel without spelling the words, and only
four wrote the Lord's Prayer correctly as regarded spelling.

"It will require, I conceive, quite two years to eradicate
this defect, which has nearly disappeared in class 5, and in
the others tiie ratio of mistakes to the number of lines of
written English is rapidly decreasing; in one class as much
as an hour a day is devoted to its correction. I mention
this because it would o])viously lead to false inferences
respecting the boys' progress if their extreme ignorance of
their own language, tVc. on entering the school be not now
taken into account.

" With regard to mathematical knowledge in Februwy
1859, no boy could work a single proposition in Euclid;
our present status stands thus : nine have got up (I believe

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fairly) books 1 and 2 ; eight have got up hook 1 ; and 14
have advanced some little way in the same.

" In arithmetic, in February f&Sy, seven boys only could
do the simplest form of a rule-of-three sum, in which,
however, three were fairly advanced, five only had mustered
decimal fractions, and of the remainder VA could neither
get through a numeration sum or the very first steps of the
multiplication tables. The lowest boys now are in the
compound rule of elementary arithmetic. The examina-
tion papers (arithmetical) set at this time were framed for
34 boys, and —

" In algebra, two boys then professed to have learnt the
elements ; at present six have reached the geometric series
and 13 to the handling of algebraic fractions.

** In Latin 12 only had commenced the Latin grammar,
not more than three of the syntax, none the prosody in the
present stage; the classical books used in the 6th form
have been Livy, Virgil, Cicero's Orations, Greek Delectus;
the Greek grammar up to in pu Arnold's Latin composi-
tion ; Latin versificator, Grecian and Roman history.

" In mathematics, algebra to the end of series, arithmetic
generally, Euclid books 1 and 2. In English the text
books are Morell's ** Analysis of an English sentence,"
French on the " Study of Words," and for an exercise.
Goldsmith's " Deserted Village."

" In the 4th form the same course is used, saving that
Caesar is read; that the boys have not yet commenced
Greek, and are not so advanced in mathematics.

" In the Ist form they have just got through the first
elementary Latin book, and average a fair knowledge of
geography and English history.

" Specimens of hand^v^iting are before the governors.

" The boys are accustomed to produce weekly the map
of some country which they have prepared the previous
week out of school hours. I would call the attention of
the governors to some of them, as being finished with
much neatness and precision.

" The attendance of the scholars since the opening of
the school has been unmarked by a single case of absen-
teeism, save from illness, or by leave of the master. I
have known more than a fortnight to elapse without an
instance of one coming in after the doors were closed (at
2 minutes to 9), and in the afternoon such does not occur
at the rate of once in two months.

" There is at present a French master attached to the
school, who instructs 25 of the boys in the French lan-
guage daily.

" Two are learning drawing.

" I am happy to say that in respect of the healthiness of
our schoolroom the ventilation is excellent, and by aid
of the apparatus which does not get out of order the
room is kept at a very even temperature (though at the
expense of a large amount of fuel). The health of the
boys has been excellent.

" I would further add that the boys' conduct towards
myself and the other masters, likewise towards each other,
is quite satisfactory.

" Two additional desks are needed in the schoolroom.

*• The windows also are moved with difficulty.

" The boys* library is scarcely large enough to afford the
necessary variety for the tastes and wants of so many boys,
moreover, a higher class of works is needed for the upper
lads, the present series having been selected mainly with
reference to the younger scholars. There is, moreover, no
sufficient room in the closets fixed in the new schoolroom
for their reception. The classical works in the schoolroom
are of little use for instruction or reference, and they might
be advantageously moved to shelves in the master's study,
as during the winter holidays the covers attract the mould.

** I would ask the governors to give their attention to
the inadequacy of the usher's salary compared with the
increasing demands on his attainments, which arise from
the alteration of the statutes and the raised standard of the
subjects of instruction.

" The clock presented by Mr. Moore has not jet been
fixed, and during their visit it may possibly be desirable for
the deputation to give instructions respecting it.

" June 20th, 1860. (Signed) C. A. Elton."

The governors receive half-yearly a statement of the
names and ages of the boys on the foundation in each of
the five classes, and the books used in each class. The
children are the sons of professional men of small meai^,
of farmers, and of respectable tradesmen. The foundation
boys are 50 in number ; they are admitted on a certificate
of two of the local visitors, and deposited with the master,
as vacancies occur, in rotation. In addition to 50 foun-
dation boys there are 12 day scholars, who pay the master,
but the amount of this payment is not reported to the

£ 8.


5 5

5 12


6 10

3 15

2 15

j^23 17


i^l8 15

The master had not at Christmas 1860 more than one
boarder, but his residence had been then very recently
completed. The master under the statutes (page 9) re-
ceives from the school fund a gratuity for each bo> , accord-
ing to his class. These gratuities in 1860 were as follows : —

Class 5. 7 boys at 15*.
" 4. 9 „ V2s.6d.

„ 3. 13 „ 10s.

„ 2. 10 „ 7^. 6rf.

„ 1. 11 „ 5s.

Gratuities for stationery, 50 at 7^. 6rf. - j^l8 15

The present estate of the charity is — J^ s. d.

1. The ground in Fore Street, Cripplegate,
London, and the property adjoining, de-
mised to James Harrison, for 63 year,
from Christmas 1808, with a reserved rent
of 150/. a year. This is inaccurately stated
in the Report of the Conunissioners of In-
quiry to belong wholly to the charity. The
property granted by the founder was in-
creased before the demise to Harrison, by
a purchase made by the Company by l^eir
own funds. The Committee of the Com-
pany, after examination of the site, have
attributed to the Company one eighth,
and to the charity, the seven other undi-
vided eighth parts - - -131410

2. The property in South Place, Finsbury,
taken in exchange for the premises in St.
Giles, called the Peacock (as stated in the
Report of the Commissioners of Inquiry,
page 104).

No. 14, Finsbury Place South, let to I. and
W. Lee, on lease for 79 years, to Christ-
mas 1899, at 17^. per annum.

Nos. 15 and 16, Finsbury Place, let to the
same persons for 81 years, from Christmas
1818, at ISl. per annum. .

Nos. 17 and 18, Finsbury Place, let to the
same persons for 81 years, ^m Christmas
1818, at 65Z. per annum - - - 100

3. Three messuages, Nos. 18, 19, and 20,
Barbican, on lease to Richardson and
Want, for 61 years, from Christmas 1816
(as stated in the said Report, page 104)
at - . . - £53 16 6

The land tax which has been re-
deemed by the Company, and
which they now add to the
rent - - - - 6 3 6


The property in Norfolk,

4. The addition of the play-ground, cricket
field, and making a garden for the master
has been reduced by about three acres.

The master occupies one field of the
remainder 2a. 2r., for which he pajrs rental 8 15 O

5. A plot of 3a. 2r. of land adjoining the
school premises let with about 50a. of land
on the Cromer Road, and (numbered 5 in
the Commissioners' Report) also the 56
acres let at the time of the former Report
to Thomas Norton (numbered 6) demised
to T. B. Frost, for 14 years, from Michael-
mas 1860 for - -i.^00

The Company having purchased
the lease to Whithers, which
would not expire until Mi-
chaelmas 1863, and deduct,
to recoup themselves for tfiis
purchase money - - 55


In consideration of the rent of 200/. to be
paid by Frost, the Company have agreed
to lay out 200/. in farm buildings on the

About 10 acres of wood land in the
Cromer Road is in hand.

6. About 20 acres of wood land, near Spout's
Common, No. 7. in the Report of the
Commissioners of Inquiry (page 103).

Carried forward

- 344 19 lU
Ff 4

Digitized by





Brought forward
During the past eight years the Com-
any have not received more than about
00/. in respect of the wood land, say an-
nually about . - - .

7. (Numbered 9 in the former Report), a fee-
farm rent paid by Hudson Gurney, Esq.,
out of the manor of Hobb Hales

8. (Numbered 10 in the former Report),
quit rents of the manor of Hill Percers -

A hovel on the property has ceased to
pay quit rent, but has been taken into the
governors' possession, and from the cot-
tages near the school having been removed
the quit rents of 3d. and lid, have fallen in.

8. The last-mentioned hovel -

9. (In umber 11 in thefonner Report), ac-
knowledgment for encroachment by Rich-
ard Cheake . . - -

10. In the year 1856 the Company i-eceived
lOOZ. in respect of an escheat, by the
death of ihe tenant without heirs and un-
married, on the regrant thereof bv the

governors as heirs of the manor oi Holt

(This was placed to the credit of the
trust for the current year, the same being
then indebted to the governors.)

11. (No. 8 in the Commissioners* Report),
land 21a. Ir. 22p. at Hunworth, let to
John Amis, yearly tenant



12 10

4 6 2


2 6


^"487 4 6

The disbursements are —

The master's salary - - - -

The allowance for gratuities to classes, year
1860 - - - - .

The writing books and stationery -

Two thirds of the costs of books (for the
foundation scholars thus paying only one
third of such expense in the present state
of the school) - - - -

Usher's salary « - - -

Printing examination papers

Prizes (exclusive of Jodrell's)

Seven tons of coals - - - -

The taxes and tithes amounted before the
late alterations to 27/., and for the future
might be estimated at - - -

The school feast and dinner to the visitors
about - - - - -

The deputation exi)enses average -

The repairs and incidental expenses annually
estimated at, say - - - -

Exhibition now held by a student of St.
Augustine College, Canterbury, who was
at the Holt School ...


37 10




8 10






Steward's allowance and expenses of the

estimate, including dinner to tenants - 15

Online LibraryGreat Britain Great Britain. London livery companies commissionCity of London Livery Companies' Commission: Report and Appendix, Volume 4 → online text (page 68 of 169)