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City of London Livery Companies' Commission: Report and Appendix, Volume 4 online

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|)arish church. The contrast between the new and the
old structures is as marked as it well could be, the deep
red colour of the brickwork throwing the dbrty gray of
its plastcr-coverfd companion completely in the shade,
and presenting anything but an agreeable and harmonious
who*e. It is, however, we believe, the intention of the
Company hereafter to confirm their right to be remem-
berea with gratitude in Holt, by a residence which shall
render the work complete, and worthy the founder and
renovators. The interior of the school is spacious and
lofty, and calculated to afford accommodation for a large
number of scholars. It is an oblong room, 57 feet long,
by 2() feet in width, and 18 feet high, lighted by several
lofty windows. An apparatus is fixed by which abundant
ventilation may be obtained. For several feet from the
ground the sides of the room are boarded with stained
pine, having a flat panelled ceiling of the same material,
with provision for dormitories over the school, if required.
Upon the Ti'alls are tablets emblazoned with the arms of
the Fishmongers' Company, and bearing the names of the
deputations who have visited the school at various periods
since its foundation. The new building, which is about
twice the size of the original structure, is of re<l and black
brick, in the style of the period in which the whole was
erected ; and we think that the governors have shown
good taste in restoring the school very nearly to tbe form
in which the trust was originally committed to them by
Sir John Gresham. The style has been carried out plain,
but not niggardly, and the few parts which may be thought
to claim any attention, would, we think, bear com-
parison — as far as they go — with similar features in the
several superior examples of brick Tudor buildings with
which our own and the neighbouring county of Suffolk so
richly abound.

Mr. Orman, of Ipswich, was the contractor, and he
appears to have done nis work well.

The inaguration or reinvigoration of a school in a
district like that of Holt, and particularly at a time when
the feeling for an enlarged system is so universally pre-
valent, would naturally be a matter of considerable interest
to all who have been scholars or who have children to
educate. The great name of the founder of this school,
and its connexion with a Company^ Avhose liberality and
wealth are equallv known, would also create a further
interest in the neighbourhood and in the town, since to
both the quality of the education, as well as the mode by
which access to the school was to be obtained, was of
considerable importance. In this case the Worshipful
Company of Fishmongers apparently have placed the
school on a liberal foundation, while they have guarded
the selection of free scholars by very proper, yet not
stringent, restrictions. Fifty are to be the number of fVee
scholars ; they can be admitted from seven, as vacancies
occur, by order of the governors, or by the master, with
the approbation in writing of at least two of the visitors,
who are selected from the nobility, clergy, and gentry of
the neighbourhood, and who may therefore be supposed
to have competent means of knowing the character of the
parties who may apply, llie hours of school are from nine
to twelve, and from two to four; the holidays are one
week at Easter, five weeks at Midsummer, one week at
Michaelmas, five weeks at Christmas, and every Saturday
afternoon. An exhibition of 20/. a year can be held for
four years by a Aree scholar removing from the school to
any university upon proper certificates from the master and
the nsitors. The governors pay two thirds of the cost of
all books (except writing-books), the free scholars paying
the remainder.

The master is to be elected every second year, and to
engage in a bond, in which the terms of his appointment
are expressed, to resign whenever called upon by the
governors so to do. He is to take no cure without leave,
and his salary is 200/. per annum, and a further sum in
case a residence be not provided for hiro. He is allowed
\b8, per annum for each free scholar, he providing writing-
books, pens, ink, and paper; and he is also to he allowed
10«., 15«., 20«., 25«., and 30«. annually for each boy in
the Ist, 2nd, drd, 4th, and 5th Latin classes respectively.
He has the privilege of taking 10 boarders, or such other
number as the governors may see fit ; and seven tons of
coals are allowea annually for the use of the school.

The usher's salary is 80/. An examination is to take
place before the visitors at Midsummer and Christmas,
of which notice is to be ^ven on the church door the pre-
ceding Sunday. The visitors to report generally on the
state of the school.

The instructions to be in reading, writing, arithmetic.

English grammar, history, geography, Latin, and, at the
discretion of the master, mathematics, geometry, and Greek.
Such are in brief the outlines of the statutes of the
school, which the prime warden of this company, Thomas
Boddington, Esq., and a number of its members, cNpened
on Wednesday, first by divine service, and immediately
after by a d^e(iner in the newly-erected schoobroom.

The Sermon.

llie ladies and gentlemen, and clergy in the neighbour-
hood, who had been invited to the celebration, bqgan to
arrive between eleven and twelve, and about the hour
appointed the church was nearly fuU.

The prime warden and the members of the deputation,
accompanied by the clerk of the Company, attended at the
school-house, where, having robed, they proceeded to church,
preceded by their maoe-bearers, officials, and chaplain, and
took their seats at the entrance of the chancel. The service
commenced by an anthem, sung, without accompaniment,
by four of the cathedral choristers in a manner that did
them much credit, although the effect of Mendelssohn's
music was greatly marred by the want of the organ.
Prayers were read bv the Rev. J. Bulwer, in the absence of
the Rev. E. Brumell, the rector. The sermon was preached
from the 4th chapter of Proverbs, 13th verse— '"Take fast
" hold of instruction ; let her not go ; keep her ; for she is
" thy life." The rev. preacher said it was his intention to
take a short general view of education, as it affected manU
])Osition in this and the future life. It was a trite illustra-
tion which likened the mind of man to the soil he was
appointed to cultivate. ''Man's nature," said the great
Lord Bacon, "runs either to herbs or weeds; therefore let
'* him seasonably water the one and destroy the other."
If the soil were neglected it became a rank and foul mass,
overrun with noxious and offensive weeds, and the abode
of hurtful reptiles ; but if cultivated with care, and pre-
pared to receive and extract the blessings of heaven, it
presented a prospect grateful to the senses, and fertile in
whatever was good and useful. Just so if the human irand
were left to itself, without direction or control, the reason
lay in darkness, the appetites and passions became inflamed,
and evil habits became permanent, until at length wicked-
ness tyrannised over the whole man, and he became lost
both u ith regard to this and the future world. But if
early and wholesome instruction were given, if the young
mind were taught to value the objects on which true happi-
ness depended, and to thirst after knowledge, thence would
proceed the dutiful and affectionate child, the useful mem-
ber of society, and the hopeful candidate for a huipier
estate hereafter. Looking at instruction as regarded tiie
understanding, there was nothing which more strongly
impressed the mind of the thinking man than the pro-
digious contrast between the lowest state of uneducated
nature, and the highest state of mental culture or civilisa-
tion. The untutored savage, ignorant of nature and the
use of everything around him, roamed the sh<we or the
woods in search of whatever accident might present to bis
wants. He might succeed, and, having satisfied the cra-
vings of hunger, he sank into a state of torpor, until, once
more arousea by the v/ants of nature, he again sought for
the means of satisfying them, and if they could not be
found, even his poor life could not be saved. Such had
been the state of existence on both the continents of
America, and in other regions of the globe, where life had
been without enjoyment, and existence a burden. But of
what was man capable? In the gradual progress of
society, from the humblest beginnings, observation grew on
observation, the aged communicated knowledge to the
young, one generation helped the next, and as circum-
stances occurred, the reason was strengthened, new com-
binations arose and experience put them to use, l^e mind
learnt to reflect on what passed without, the likeness of one
state of things to another taught men to foresee the future,
and thus grMuaUy nun became a highly intellectual crea-
ture. As the principles and uses of things were from time
to time discovered, the blessings of earth, air, fire, and
water were extracted, nature was made to bestow her
treasures on all that lived, and things of beauty and per-
fection gladdened the heart of man ; cities were built, ports
were opened, commerce connected distant lands, and the
knowledge, as well as the products of nations, were mutually
interchanged; hence, arts and science arose, knowledge
begat knowledge, the human mind became enlarged, man
became a wonder in his' attainments to himself, and his
achievements raised his nature, and reflected glory on his
Maker. Herein the wisdom of God se^oned more admirable
than if man had been at once formed in the full vigour of
his faculties. But man was not furnished with reason and
understanding alone. There were also implanted in his
nature, and for the wisest and best purposes, affections and

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passions. All were conscious of desires or dislikes, of
gratitude or resentment, of self-love or sympathy, of ap-
proving or disapproving tendencies, and of the more intense
feelings of joy or sorrow, friendship or hatred, admiration
or depreciation. These things gave energy and effect to
human life, hut, permitted to become unnidy, to operate as
mere impulses that sway the mind, every evil that rendered
an individual wretched and disturbed society, arose uncon-
trolled. Here instruction, the dictates of wisdom, the
lessons of a well-conducted education, converted into
blessings those lively affections which, if not controlled by
education, and not directed by religious and virtuous
motives, impelled all the excesses that poisoned human
happiness. When the motive was good, when the object
to be gained was praiseworthy, then these lively feelings,
this warmth of heart, rising to virtuous enthusiasm, gave
energy to those worthy exertions in the cause of benevo-
lence, both public and private, which seemed to ennoble
our nature ; but when reason and religion were not the
guides, when ambition, vanity, avarice, or other selfish
passions ruled the heart, then were to be noted the fata)
consequences on families, communities, and nations. We
had heard of tremendous examples in our own time in the
various revolutions on the continent, and the troubles of
more distant lands, where the bonds of society were broken,
the domestic ties violated, public institutions demolished,
the wise, the good, and the moderate sacrificed to ambition,
and vice inflamed into madness. We, thank God ! had
been preserved from these calamities, our public or private
institutions had given instruction to every class, and taught
us to value the blessings we enjoyed. Wholesome instrac-
tion had been early imbibed, we had been taught what
miseries followed in the end of the tyranny of our passions,
what happy effects followed from the direction of our affec-
tions to worthy purposes ; and when we at the same time
had been so guided by precept and example as to feel in
our own conduct the blessing of instruction, the whole
course of life took its tone and colour from such guidance,
and our friends in society, as well as ourselves, reaped the
substantial and lasting benefits of it. Even with respect to
the present life, were we so devoid of reason, independently
of revelation, as to consider it our only portion, even then
instruction would be a blessing. But when an educated
man had been taught the higher lessons of revelation, then
truly instruction, as the text declared, became life indeed,
and the lessons of the Bible sowed the seeds of eternal life.
Having dwelt upon the blessings of religious instruction,
the rev. preacher went on to observe, that those who were
in the possession of education, should the more earnestly
desire it for those who needed it, and whom Providence
had made the objects of their care. There was abundant
testimony as to the opinions of the most enlightened
characters in England on this great question ; ana what-
ever difference of opinion might prevail on minor points
among those who were benevolently carrying out the im-
portant work — ^thanks to their efforts thousands were from
day to day growing in useful knowledge, religion, piety,
and virtue. He did not address any one present who
thought that a humble positicm in life ought to be denied
a better education, lest it should tend to make them scorn
their proper duties, and thus render them bad members of
the communit}r. Unless indifference to religion and morals
were instilled, instead of the pure pr'.ii. i^les of (Christianity,
that could not happen. In every human breast God haid
implanted, in some degree, the seeds of every talent and
every virtue, and they were met that day to ask God's
blessing on efforts to expand the blossom and produce the
fruit for the benefit off society and the glory of the Al-
mighty. Might God fprant to this school His abundant
blessing ; mi^ht He direct and ^ide the minds of those
who set over it to that course which should most conduce
to the benefit here and hereafter of those committed to
their charge ; and might all who were privileged to attend
thb school be esteemed for their virtues as well as for their
endowments; and, after a useful and Christian life, be
made happy with Christ in the glory of his heavenly

After service a large party of ladies and gentlemen sat
down to a sumptuous repast in the schoolroom, which had
been appropriately decorated for the occasion.

At each end a purple banner displayed the arms of the
Company, bearing the Company's motto, " All worship be
to God only ;" tne walls were festooned with flowers and
evergreens, and numberless flags and banners formed a
gaycanopy above the heads of the companv.

llie guests included, in addition to the deputation of the
Fishmongers' Company, viz. : —

Thomas Boddington, Esq., prime warden.
William Edwards, Esq., second warden.
Joseph Underwood, Esq., renter-warden.

John Towgood, Esq.

G. W. Mackmurdo, Esq.

James Spicer, Esq. ^Assistants.

Geo. Moore, Esq.

Sidney Gumey, Esq.

The Kev. G. Cockerell, chaplain to the Company.

W. B. Towse, Esq., clerk to the Company.

Rev. C. A. Elton, the new master of the grammar

R. Suter, Esq., architect of the building.

Miss Boddington, sister of the prime warden.

Mrs. Underwood.

Mrs. John Towgood.

Mrs. Towse.

Sir Willoughby Jones, Bart., Cranmer Hall.

Lieut. -Cobnel the Hon. F. Astley, Burgh Hall.

James Gay, Esq., Thiming Hall.

W. H. Pemberton, Esq., and Mrs. Pemberton, Holt

G. Barker, Esq., and Mrs. Barker, Holt Lodge.
Rev. P. C. Law and the Miss Laws, North Repps

Rev. A. and Mrs. Dashwood, Thomage Rectory.
Rev. Jas. Lee Warner and Mrs. Lee Warner, of New

Rev. E. It and Mrs. Jodrell, Saxlingham.
Rev. J. G. and Mrs. Girdlestone, Kelling Rectory.
Rev. James Bulwer, Hunworth Rectory.
Rev. J. R. and Mrs. Anderson, Bamingham Rector)'.
Rev. J. B. Sweet, Colkirk Rectorv.
Rev. J. C. Leak, Rectory, Little Barningham.
C. W. Cozens Hardy, Esq., and Mrs. Hardy, Lether-

ingsett Hall.
Rev. B. Pulleyne, Mrs. PuUeyne, and Miss Pulleyne,

W. H. Scott, Esq., and Mrs. Scott, Aylsham.
John Clark, Esq., Holt.
Mrs. Gunton, Nlatlask Hall.
Rev. R. and Mrs. Shuckburgh, Aldboro' Rectory.
Rev. G. and Mrs. Bryan, Swanton Novers.
Rev. A. Hudson, Wiveton.
The Misseis Partridge, Hoveton.
Rev. J. W. and Mrs. Fbvell, Ridlington Rectory.
Rev. Dr. Fitch, Aylmerton.
Rev. W. Eaton, Bodham.
J. Gav, Esq., Jun., Thirning Hall.
Handle Brereton, Esq., Blakeney.
J. Kitson, Esq., Norwich.
Dr. Buck, Norwich.

H. S. Ransom, Esq., and Miss Ransom, Holt.
P. Ransom, Esq., and Mrs. P. Ransom, Elmham.
G. Wilkinson, Esq., Holt.
T. Slann, Es<^, Holt.

F. Parmeter, Esq., Jun., Aylsham.
W. Bircham, Esq., Reepham.

John Hales, Esq., and Mrs. Hales, Holt.

Miss Mott, Norwich.

The Misses Girdlestone, Holt.

The Misses Catton, Holt.

W. Bolding, Esq., Weyboume.

E. Julius, Esq., Holt.

W. Rippingall, Esq., Langham.

John Banks, Esq., Holt.

Mrs. Banks, Holt.

E. Skrimshire, Esq., and Miss E. Skrimshire, Holt.

W. Purdy, Esij., Salthouse.

R. Chamberlain, Esq., Norwich.

R. Seaman, Esq., Norwich.

H. Bircham, Eso^ Norwich.

J. Sayers, Esq., Field Dalling.

G. Carthew, Esq.

C. Hardy, Esq., and Mrs. Hardy, Cley.

J. Wright, Esq.

W. Sheringham, Esq., and Mrs. Sheringham, Holt.

R. Bacon, Esq., Norwich.

R. England, Esq.

&c. &c. &c.

The Lord Bishop, the Veiy Rev. the Dean, the Marquis
of Lothian, Earl of Orford, Earl of Leicester, Lord Hast-
ings, and Lord Sondes, Sir John Boileau, Bt., J. Soott
Chad, Esq., Col. Fitzroy, Gumey Hoare, Esq., and othe
gentlemen of the coim^ were invited, but were unable to
be present. Masters Smith, Mann, and Baldry were in
attendance, and sang some choice selections during the
evening to the evident gratification of the company.

The Defeiiner.

The d^ieiiner comprised all that the good taste of this
celebrated Company could suggest or procure, and the


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wines, which were brought down expressly from their own
cellars, were of the Terv finest Quality. The substantials
were provided by Mr. Parke, or the Feathers, and were
first rate, while the arrangement and attention did both
himself and his establishment great credit.

The prime warden presided, and was supported on the
right by Sir Willoughby Jones, Bart., and on his left bv
the Rev. J. Bulwer. When this large company was seated,
the appearance of the school was exceedingly brilliant.

The Prime Warden first proposed "The health of the
Queen," a sovereign who not only possessed the entire
confidence and the sincerest affections of her people, but
who also claimed the admiration and esteem of the world.
She had already reigned many years over us, and he would
express the hope that her reign might be prolonged for
many years to come, and insure to us a continuance of
those blessings of peace and of liberty which we had
hitherto enjoyed.

This toast was drunk standing, and with three times
three cheers ; and was followed by the Natiomd Anthem,
beautifully sung by the boys from the Norwich cathedral

The Prime Warden said — Before he had the honour of
addressing them on the subject of their meeting to-day, he
must express the regret of tne deputation at the absence of
the Bishop of Norwich, which they regretted the more, as
his lordship, to whom the statutes of the "school had been
submitted for his sanction and approval, had been willing
to show great interest in the success of the foundation.
He knew he was speaking the sentiments of all present
when he said that no bishop ever entered more thoroughly
into the interests of his diocese, or considered with more
zeal, care, and solicitude the position as well as the wants
and requirements of the various churches under his charge
than the present Bishop of Norwich. (Hear, hear.) He
trusted that health and strength would be given to hb
lordship equal to the vigour of his desire to promote in all
things the glory of God, and to fulfil those arduous duties
which attached to his sacred office. (Hear.) In the ab-
sence of his lordship, which they all regretted exceedingly,
he begged to propose his health, and he begged to couple
with that toast the name of the Rev. J. Lee Warner.
(Applause.) Before he sat down, it might be satisfactory
to the meeting to hear him read a ndte which the bishop
had been pleased to address to the deputation. It was
dated from the Palace, October the 27th. In it his lord-
ship said — " I beg to acknowledge your kind letter acoom-
" panying a copy of the revised statutes of the Holt
" School. I much regret that my engagements will not
" allow me to meet you at Holt on the 3rd of November.
" I should have been truly glad to have been present on
" so interesting an occasion. I trust that it may please
" God to prosper the efEorts made by your honourable
*' Company to make this (grammar school a sound and an
'< efficient means of education in the town and neighbour-
" hood of Holt." (Applause.)

The prime warden concluded by proposing the health of
" the bishop and clergy," and coupled with the toast the
name of the Rev. James Lee Warner. (Applause.)

The Rev. J. Lee Warner, in responding, said, when
he entered this noble room and looked round under the
evergreens and flowers with which it was so tastefully
decorated he imagined that he noted the absence of his
very worthy friend, the rector of this parish. The occasion
of that absence was shortly afterwards hinted to him, and
it was to that circumstance that he believed he was in-
debted for the honour of being called upon to address the
company on this occasion. With respect to the absence of
their friend, all he could say was, that he wished him a
pleasant excursion and a speedy and safe return — (hear,
near) — and he was sure that his friend would have per-
formed the task which now devolved upon him (Mr. Lee
Warner) much better than he could expect to do. With
respect to the bishop of this diocese, he was so well known
to them all, and so justly valued, that he was sure it would
be unnecessary for him to say anything in his behalf,
^ saving and excepting, that he, in common with the clergy,
' felt, and must necessarily feel, proud of the honour done
to him on this occasion, and of the terms in which the
prime warden had hitroduced the toast. With respect to
the clergy generally, he thought he might say, without
arrogance, that they were the fnends of education. (Hear,
hear.) If he were called upon to produce proof of that
assertion, he would appeal to the list of subscriptions to
«ny national school in this kingdom. (Applause.) The
clergy were undoubtedly the friends of education. They
did not, of course, arrogate this title exclusively to them-
selves ; on the contra^, they rejoiced to think that the
cause of education was being extended and promoted in
every way. It had been mentioned to him, and if he were
wrong there were those here who were able to contradict

him, that the wish of the patrons and supporters of this
tschool was to throw the doors of education as widely open
as possible — ^in fact, to open them a little wider than
they had hitherto been opened. (Hear, hear.) He con-
fessed that he was of those who rejoiced in this. (Hear,
hear.) Thejr had been very properly reminded, in the
admirable discourse they had heard this momins, that
they were working to educate men for eternity. (Hear.)
Strange, then, would it be if they did not rcgoice in eveiy
opportunity of beginning the education of those inomortid
beings as early as they could obtain them ; for this life was
the portal to eternity, (Hear, hear.) He believed there
was on this point some little difference of opinion, but he
was going to say that he reioiced that the doors of educa.
tion were thrown open, and about to be thrown open more
than ever, to their dissenting brethren. (Hear, hear.) It
was the case in the universities, and he had been told that
it was likely to be the case here. (Applause.) Whoi he
looked back to the founders of this school, he looked to
Sir John Gresham, and the times in which he lived. He
knew that the statutes of man^ of these schools were based
on rather a restricted foundation, but he imagined that it
was the privilege of posterity to supplement the good deeds
of their worthy ancestors — (near, hear) — and bad Sir John
Gresham lived in the present day, he imagined he would
have thrown his school open to every Englishman.
(Applause.) They were all assembled here by the invita-

Online LibraryGreat Britain Great Britain. London livery companies commissionCity of London Livery Companies' Commission: Report and Appendix, Volume 4 → online text (page 71 of 169)