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City of London Livery Companies' Commission: Report and Appendix, Volume 4 online

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same without the authority of the Court; that, by an
order made in the cause dated the I3th March 1823, it was
referred to the master to apportion the respective messuages,
kinds, tenements, and hereditaments held by the drfen-
dants respectively as governors of the said Free Grammar
School of Tonbridge and under the will of Alice Smith,
having regard to the respective values thereof as stated in
his said report of the 10th March 1823, and the situation
of such several properties so far as the same could be
defined, and made out, that the said master, by his report
dated 10th July 1823, made in pursuance of the last-
mentioned order, certified that having considered the evi-
dence laid before him, and having had regard to tiie
respective values of the several messuages and heredita-
ments held by the said defendants respectively as governors
of the Grammar School and under the will of Alice Smi^
as stated in his said report, and to the situation of the
same as far as thev could be defined or made out he found
and apportioned the several messuages, lands, and heredita-
ments, mentioned and comprised in the first schedule
to his report, to be held by the said defendants in respect
of the messuages and hereditaments devised by the will
of Alice Smith as aforesaid.

By an order made in the cause of the 26th Julv 1823
it was ordered that the said last-mentioned report be con-
firmed, and it was declared that the several messuages and
hereditaments mentioned in the first schedule tothe said
report were held by the said defendants in respect of the
messuages and hereditaments devised by the wUl of Alice
Smith in the said order named as therein mentioned.

ITie property thus apportioned to Alice Smith's Charity
now consists of the following particulars : —

No. 3, Skinners' Place, Leadenhall Market,

let to P. Cox for 21 years, fifom 1855 « 55
No. 4, Skinners' Place, Leadenhall Market,

let to — Bumell for the same term - 80

No. 5, Skinners' Place, Leadenhall Market,
let to — Thomas Candall, »for 21 years,
from 1863 - - . - 70

No. 6. Skinnera' Place, Leadenhall Market,

let to — Ascett for 21 years, from 1852 - 45-
No. 7, Skinners* Place, Leadenhall Market,
let to Wm. Wharf, tenant from year to
year - - - - - 30

Nos. 8 and 9, Skinners' Place, LeadenhaU
Market, let to — Taylor for 21 years, from
1860 - - - . .100

No. 10, Skinners' Pkce, Leadenhall Market,

let to — Webb for 21 years, from 1862 - 25
No. 11, Skinners' Place, Leadenhall Market,
let to T. Lowenthal for 21 years, from
1855 - - . - - 70

No. 12, Skinners' Place, Leadenhall Market,
let to — Hay for 21 years, from Christmas

1853 SO

No. 13, Skinners' Place, Leadenhall Market,
let to — Parrot for same time - - 80

Carried forward • - . 635

Digitized by




Brought forward

No. 14, Skinners' Place, Leadenhall Market,
let to — Richardson for 21 years, from

No. 15. Skinners' Place, Leadenhall Market,
let to J. Davis for 21 years, from 1860 -



3. The contribution towards the sum of 200/. allowed
to the defendants by the scheme for the expenses of visiting
the school.

The first contribution was determined in 1862 thus :

The repairs were

The whole of this estate was rebuilt under the arrange-
ments stated in the report of the master in The Attorney
General r. Skinners' C5ompany of the 26th January 1841,
mentioned in my report on the property of the gnunmar
school, the expenditure being out of the funds belonging to
the Company, which were thus dedicated to the charitable
trust, and Nos. 1 and 2 Skinners' Place, which had for-
merly been allotted to this charity undnr the apportionment
above stated, were given up in exchange to the Tonbridge
School, and rebuilt at the expense of the charity.

The master, by a further report of the 24th December
1824, found the premises devised or expressed to be devised
by the will of Sir A. Judd to be as follows : —




House at north-west comer of

Pewter putter Alley.
Axmui^ charged on the ** Bell "
and other houses in Grace-
church Street.
House, north side of St. Helen's -
House in St. Helen's , -
PorlUchts looking into almshouses

House 'and^^he Gold Bath. St

Mary Axe.
Meeting house adjoining the Ust

Two houses next adjoining
House and Meeting in Camomile

Meeting house in same street
Two tenements in Old Swan

All^, Thames Street

Mrs. Elisha Wilson -

Thomas Maxwell's

Messrs. OiUett
A.Claridge -

— Merriman •
John Barber •

John Hanrey •

— Leybum

Mr. Clark
Geo.Scholey -



70 17 6

42 10

3 10


•67 7 6

£ S.

- 276 2



. 3,615 10
- 689 12


£4,305 2


The school estate •
The devised estate

The proportion therefore of the 275/. 2s, Sd, to be paid
by the devised estate was 441. 2s. S.

The contribution to the expenses of visitation is determined
on the same principle, the difference being only that the
charge is fixed.

The specific payments directed by the testatrix (exclusive
of the gift to the almspeople) are made as follows : —

£ s. d.
To the churchwardens of All Saints,

Lombard Street - - - 1 16

To the churchwardens of St. Gabriel,

Fenchurch Street - - - 1 4

The Court, by the decree of the 11th August 1826,
declared that according to the true construction and effect
of the will of the said Sir A. Judd the Skinners' Company
became and were entitled for their own use to the rents
of such of the messuages, &c. devised by such instrument
as consisted of the several particulars set forth in the
fourth schedule to the master's report, subject to the pay«
ment thereout of such one of the several specific sums m
the said will mentioned as thereafter set forth, viz., 4s,
to be paid weekly to the six almsmen of St. Helen's as in
the said will directed, the yearly sum of \0s, to the renter
warden of the Company, and the annual sum of 1/. 5^. 4d»
for coals to be distributed among the six almsmen as in
the said will directed, and also subject to a contribution
out of such rents towards reparations since the filing of the
information of such part of the messuages used as the school
premises at Tonbridge as was originaUy erected for such
purpose, and also subject to a contribution towards the 150/.
annually allowed to the defendants in taking their accounts
in tiie cause for the expenses of visiting the school at
Tonbridge for the time past, and also towards the 200/,
allowed for that purpose by the scheme for the establish"
ment of the said school, such contributions for repairs and
for the past and future expenses of visiting the said school
to be apportioned and maae according to the relative annual
value of the messuages devised by the will of the said Sir
A. Judd with the annual value of the messuages, &c.
purchased of J. Qates and T. Thorogood, such annual
values to be ascertained by the master.

The effect of the decree in the suit Attorney General
V. Skinners' Company (referred to more particularly
in the report on the Urammer School) was to exonerate
the whole of the devised property of Sir A. Judd from any
charitable trust, except the sums before stated as expressly
directed to be paid by the renter warden, viz. : —

£ s. d.

1 . The sum of 4s. a week to the six alms-

men in St. Helen's almshouse - 10 8
Coals, do. - - - - 1 5 4

Renter warden - - - 10

2. The contribution towards the repairs of the ancient
part of the school house at Tonbridge. This contribution
has to be calculated by the relative annual value of the
devised premises and the annual value of the school estate.


A charge of 51. per cent, is made by the Company and
carried to their own account for collecting rents, and' taxes
and incidental expenses. This has been about 38/. a year
for some years past. In 1861 it was 3Sl. \9s. Od. The
net income is then applied to the benefit of the almspeople
and for the general poor of the Company.

The application, so far as the almsnouses and almspeople
are concerned, is as follows : —

The Company are the governors of the almshouses at
St. Helen's and Mile End. In the almshouses at St.
Helen's there are six almsmen, and in the almshouses at
Mile End 12 almswomen.

The almshouses in St. Helen's on the left hand after
passing the gateway and entry into Crosby Square, consist
of a buildinff with one outer door and six apartments for
almsmen, which were founded by Sir A. Juad in his life-

St. Helen's Almsmen,

Six men, Sd, a week each {See Sir A

Judd's charities by will)
Six men, 22/. IO5. 8d, a year, paid

quarterly • • .

(These two sums with Ss. Sd. a quarter

under Judd's will, make 6/. lOs. a

quarter to each).
Occasional donations on festivals and

incidental expenses of nursing, &c.

(1861) - - -

One of the almsmen, who is gatekeeper,

1*. per week - - ,

Water rate, 1/. I6s. Od.; insurance,

21. 5s. Od. ; rates, 3/. 13s. 4d. (1861)
Coals ... -

Gas -
Vicar of St. Helen's, Bishopsgate, at

which church the almsmen attend -
Repairs (average of nine years)

10 8
- 135 4

- 11 8
2 12

7 14
19 10

8 16



jC217 12 4

The Mile End almshouses were built under the will of
Lewis Newberry : —

£ s. d.

Twelve almswomen, at 19/. a year each,

paid quarterly - - - 228

They also receive 1/. a year firom Spur-
ling's trust, making 20/. a year in
the whole - - - - 12

Occasional donations to other poor
persons of the Company on f estinds
&c., incidental expenses in case of
sickness, &c. - - - 14 12

One of the almswomen salary as gate-
keeper - - - - 10

Gardener 6/. a year, with roots, &c.
(1861) - - - . 13 17

Carried forward


278 9 9

Uu 2

Digitized by




Brought forward - 21

Chaplain of the almshouses, lately

Rev. W. Barry, a curate of Stepney.

The offiee is generally held by a

curate of that parish
A chapel clerk - - -

Water rate, 5/.; gas, 42. Ss, 4d,;

insurance, 21, Ss, Ocf. - -

Coals - . . -

Repairs (average of nine years to 1861)
Nurses to aged almswomen (1861) -


















£462 16 1

The present rental of the property being higher than
fonnerl^ will probably leave a balance to be carried forward
or credited to the fund for the general poor of the Company.

I have calculated the present or prospective income at
788/. per annum and the present rate of disbursement for
the almspeople at about 680/. per annum, including the
small gifts of Sir A. Judd, leaving a surplus of about 100/.
a year. The rent of the Leadenhall Market property is,
however, very variable, and depends greatly upon the
personal circumstances and success of the tenants in their

The donations and incidental expenses of the almshouses
and almspeople have considerably exceeded the amounts
charged in the account of the Company, it being the habit
to charge only so much as the fund will bear and so as
exactly to balance the account.

The actual endowments possessed by the Skinners'
Company in trust for charitable purposes amount to about
2,575/. a year, and in addition to this sum the Company
give away ordinarily upwards of 1,000/. per annum in
other annual payments in relief of members of the Company
and in general donations and contributions to public
charities. Two freemen of the Company in decayed
circumstances receive each pensions of 150/. a year, and
large donations are occasionally made to individuid &eemen
or pensioners on especial exigencies.

Newberry's Charities.

Lewis Newberry, by his will of the 20th February 1683,
cave to the Company 100/. to be lent gratis to two young
&eemen ; and also 50/. to the Company to be employed
by them as they should judge most to conduce to their
public benefit.

And he directed the residue of his estate to be laid
out for the use of six poor widows by purchasing some
small piece of ground and building so many houses for
them, and endowing the said houses with the remainder
of his estate.

It appears by the report of the Commissioners of
Inquiry (Vol. 8, page 351, and Appendix, p. 757) that the
Company received from the executors of Mr. Newberry
the sum of 1,851/., and that the executors built the alms-
houses at Mile End as directed by the will. By an agree-
ment between the executors of Mr. Newberry and the
Company, the latter seems to have bound itself to pay
5/. per cent, on the 1,851/. for the support of the alms-

The almshouses consist of two rows of tenements, one
end of which abuts on the Mile End Road and adjoining
Trinity Almshouses, with a considerable garden at the rear.
There are 12 dck)rs, each opening into one room on the
ground floor, occupied by twelve women. They are main-
tained by the Company principally from Ahce Smith's
Gift (as to which see nay report on Sir Andrew Judd's
Almshouses and Alice Smith's Gift). It does not appear
that the interest on the 1,851/. at 5 per cent, has been
brought into the account of the almshouses or of the other
charity funds of the Company. The officers of the
Company approve of my suggestion that the interest on
this fund should be brought into account as a permanent
endowment of the Mile End Almshouses, which will then
have the effect of enlarging the balance of Alice Smith's
Gift applicable to the general poor of the Company.

There is no record of the distinct existence of the 100/.
for loans, nor is there any such application.

Spubling's Charity.

Henry Spurling, by his will of the 1st October 1730,
directed his executors to purchase 200/. Bank Stock upon
trust to pay the dividends amongst the poor persons in
the hospital at Mile End belonging to the Company.










The bank stock was sold out in 1801, and from that time
the Company has charged its funds with an annual sum
of 12/. a year, which is given in equal portions to the
12 almspeople at the Mile End Almshouses (see my report
on these almshouses in the account of Sir A. Judd's and
Alice Smith's charities).

M. Awdeley's Gift.

Margaret Awdeley, by her will of the 18th November
1716, gave the Company 100/. to be lent to pooryoting
beginners, and she gave 700/. to the Company to purchase
lands to pay to the churchwardens of Hackney 35/. a ye&r
to be employed as follows : —

To the poor in bread

For repairing the parish church

For repairing the bridges, &c. between

Clapton Street and Shoreditch
Towards the maintenance of a school - 20

There is no trace of the existence of the 100/. to be lent
out to young beginners. It has been probably lost.

The Company pay 35/. a year to the churchwardens of
Hackney, who do not furnish the Company with any
account of its disposition.

Blundell's Gift.

Peter Blundell, by his will of the 9th June 1599, gave to
the Company 150/. to purchase lands to pay 405. to the
poor prisoners of the Wood Street Compter, and the resi-
due for the benefit of the Company.

The hall of the Company is on the site of Whittington
College, and is probably the estate on which the 40s. a
year is charged.

The sum is paid to Mr. Temple, the receiver appointed by
the Court of Aldermen.

Sir Jambs Lancaster's Charities.

Sir James Lancaster, by his will of 18th April 1618, re-
citing that he had levied a fine of his manor of Maidenwell
and of other lands in the parishes of Somercotes^ Abie,
Claythorpe, Farford, and Pamber, and that he bargained
and sold to certain trustees an annuity of 100 marks
issuing out of lands, which were the Lord Wattall's, de-
clared that the said fine should enure to the use of the
said trustees, and that they should stand seized of the said
yearly rent to the intent that the rents of the lands and
the said yearly rent should be paid over to the Company
to be bestowed as follows : —

£ s. d.
To the poor of Basingstoke, Hants - 30
To a preacher there - - - 40

To the Free School of Basingstoke,

Hants - - - - 20

To a schoolmaster of Basingstoke,

Hants - - . - 13 6 8

To three poor scholars at Oxford and

Cambridge (15/. each) - - 45

To poor widows of freemen - - 20

To four poor preachers (5/. each) - 20

To a schoolnuister, Kingscleare, Hants - 20
To the poor of the same place - - 10

To the Company - - - 35

For an annual dinner - - - 3 6 8

And he directed that his executors should make a pur-
chase of lands of 30/. or 40/. a year for the Company to
dispose of as follows : —

To the poor of Basingstoke - - - 45

To the mcrease of the payments of the three

poor scholars

. 15

By a decree of the Court of Chancery of the 10th July
I7I0, madein the cause of the Attorney General r. The
Skinners' Company. Upon the undertaking of the cor-
poration of Basmgstoke to pay the charities in full, it was
ordered that the four poor scholars studying divinity at
Oxford and Cambridge, and the four poor widows and
preachers named by the Skinners' Company, should be
entered in a book and notice given to the town of Basing-
stoke, who were to pay the Company the charities given
them by the will, and it was ordered that two of the scholars
should be sent to Oxford and two to Cambridge; and the
Company were to be allowed 3/. 6s. Sd, per annum for a
dinner in place of the gift of the 35/. given to the Company.

Digitized by


MR. hare's report. — SKINNERS* COMPANr.


The Oorporation of Basingstoke under this arran^ment

Sy the Company 103/. 6». Sd. a year, out of which the
)mpany apply—

£ $, a.
To the payment of four poor scholars
at Oxford and Camhridge - . 60
They are filled up hy applications
mm the different colleges, being
generally sons of clergymen with
large families.
To the poor preachers. The vacancies
are advertised, and many applications
are made for it by beneficed clergy-
man from all parts of the countiy.
It is never given to any incumbent of
a benefice of more than 100/. a year - 20
To pocnr widows of freemen of the Com-
pany 20

(Tnree widows of the Company receive
61, 139. 4d, each, annually making up
20/. a year.)
The sum allowed for the dinner carried
to the account of the Company - 3 6 8

jg l03 6 8

Mbrbdith's Charity.

John Meredith, by his will of the 16th April 1630, gave
to the Company a messuage in West Smithneld to pay to
three i>oor aged freemen and two poor aged freemen's
widows 39/. (3s. a week each).

£ s. d.
To the renter warden lOs., clerk 6«.,
and two beadles 6«. - - 1 2

and the residue to be disposed of at the discretion of the

And he also gave to the Company a close of 8 acres in
Clerkenwell to pay to—

£ s. d.
Two poor unbeneficed preachers - 10
For coals to the poor of the Smithfield

quarter of the parish of St. Sepulchre 4 10
To the poor of $t. Bartholomew the

Less - - - - I

For coals to poor prisoners in London 4 8

and the residue of the rents to the Company to such
uses as they in their grave wisdoms and discretions should
think meet and convenient.

llie last-mentioned gift of the residue has not, so far as
1 can discover, been the subject of any suit or judicial con-
struction, and I assume there is no doubt it must be taken
as an absolute gift to the Company. They, however, deal
with it as a fund for general charitv at their discretion.

The estate charged consists of Clarke's Close, containing
about 8 acres of knd, on the west side of Goswell Street
RoMftd, going from St. John Street to Islington, and near
Sadler's Wells.

It is now built upon under leases granted by the Com*
pany at ground rents of 525/. a year.

llie Company administer the funds so fur as relates to
the foregoing charges as follows : —

£ 9. d.
To nine widows, 12 guineas per annum

each . . - - 113 8

To four poor preachers, 20/. per annum

each . - - - 80

To the churchwardens of the parish of

St. Sepulchre - - - 4 10

To the poor prisoners (this is paid to
Mr. Temple the officer of tne cor-
poration) - - - - 4 8
To the poor of St. Bartholomew the

Less . . - - 1

^^203 6

The remainder of the fund being distributed at the
entire discretion of the Company without any legal obliga-
tion, I have not thought it within my province to inquire
into it.

J. Draper's Gift.

John Draper, by his will of the 18th April 1496, gave
four messuages in St. Antholin's parish to the Company
to pay 13». 4(/. for the poor of St. Antholin and \38, 4d.
to Ludgate or Newgate gaols.

The Company hold property in Budge Row and the
neighbourhood, in the parish of St. Antholin, which having
been devised for superstitious uses, forms, I presume, part
of the estate purchased and confirmed to the several com-

panies respectively by the Act of James 1st referred to in
my report on the Fishmongers' Company.

llie Company pay 13*. 4c/. to the churchwardens of St.
Antholin's parish, and the sum of 13*. 4</. to Mr. Temple,
the officer of the corporation, for the prisoners of Ludgate
and Newgate.

N. Jennings' Charity.

Nicholas Jennings by his will (date unknown) founded
an obit to be kept on the day of his death for ever, and
devised for that purpose a tenement odled the Ram's Head
in Eastcheap, giving over either the residue of the estate
or the residue of the 2/. a year, appointed for the obit, to
thepoor of Barking.

Tne Company have not at present any property in East-
cheap. The premises belonging to them in that locality
were taken for the purpose of the improvements at the
foot of London Bridge. This estate was probably included
in the re-purchase by the Company of the estate held by
them for superstitious uses and confirmed by the Act of
James 1st mentioned in my report on the Fishmonf^ers'
Company. Nothing is now recorded with respect to this
estate as a charity.

Attwkll's Charity.

Laurence Attwell gave by his will of the 6th November
.1588 to the Company his messuages ih Fenchurch Street,
his house in St. Thomas the Apostle, his lands, &c. in
Godalming, also his interest in tenements at Christchurch,
London, upon trust, with the profits thereof to nmke a
stock, whereby poor people might be set on work, reserving
onlv 20/. a year for a dinner.

The Commissioners of Inquiry in their report (Vol. 8, p.
375) stated that the rents and profits were received by the
Company and carried to the general account without any
particular application thereof being made of them for
charitable purposes, and they appear to have certified the
case to the Attorney General.

An information ex -officio was therefore filed by the
Attorney General, praying that the Company were mere
trustees for the application of the rents and profits of the
messuages, &c. to tne charitable purposes mentioned in the
said will ; and that it might be aeclared that the whole of
such rents ought to be distributed accordingly and an
account might be taken of the rents and profits of the said
messuages, &c. which have been received by the defendants
from such time as the Court should think fit to direct and
of the application thereof by the Company, and that what
upon such account appeared to have been received by the
Company might be answered and paid by the Company ;
and that, if necessary, it might be referred to the master to
approve of a scheme for the application of such arrears and
of the future rents thereof; and that a proper person
might be appointed to receive such rents with the usual

After hearing the cause on the 3rd February 1825, the
Court ordered wat it should be referred to the master to
take an account of the rents, &c. received by the defendants
since the filing of the information, and that he should
inquire and state in what manner such rents had been
applied since that time. And it was ordered that the,
master should approve of a scheme for the application ot
the income of the charity estates and state the same to the

The master made his report dated the 12th February
1827, whereby he found that the defendants had received
on account of the rents of the said messuages, &c. since
thefilinff of the information 1,067/., and that the defendants
had disbursed thereout 67/. Ss. 3d. for taxes and repairs,
leaving 999/. 1 65. 9d, ; and he found that the defendants
stated that the surplus of the said rents had been applied
generally in objects of charity and had been added to acd
mixed up with the surplus of the general funds of the

Online LibraryGreat Britain Great Britain. London livery companies commissionCity of London Livery Companies' Commission: Report and Appendix, Volume 4 → online text (page 98 of 169)