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City of London Livery Companies' Commission: Report and Appendix, Volume 4 online

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Company, which were appropriated more particularly as
follows : —

£ s. d.

Towards the maintenance of 12 alms-
women of Mile End, annuaUy - 343

Annual donation to the Dowgate Ward

School - - - - 5 5

Annual donation to the Vintry Ward
School - - - - 10 10

Annual distribution to certain poor
widows - - - - 75

Annual donation to the National and
Sunday schools at Tonbridge - 10 5

To two poor preachero of the City - 10

Annually distributed to poor members
of the Company - - - 240

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342



CITY OF LONDON LIVEBY COMPANIES COMMISSION:



And he found that the property possessed by the CJona-
pany under Attwell's will, consisted of certain houses in
the City of London and a house and land at GodaUning,
the whole income of which amounted to 633/. 10«. And
he certified that there luid been laid before him on the
part of tlie Company a scheme to the effect follow-
ing :—

That in submitting the scheme therein-after mentioned
for the appropriation of the annual income of the charity,
it was matmal, in the first place, to advert to the peculiar
objects of charity within the literal meaning expressed in
the will, namely, that the residue should be lent as
capital to be employed, whereby poor people might be set
at work, and yet this capital should be kept whole and
increased yearly with the revenues, so that according to
that method, if it should be strictiy followed, it would
amount to perpetual accumulation of capital, the testator's
will being maae long previous to the statute, which pro-
hibits a perpetual accumulation of capital, such niode
cannot be objected to as illegal, thougn it is submitted
that it would be impolitic from the vast accumulation
which must in time accrue from the funds and by the
employment of it to the purposes of trading and working
companies, it would become extremely injurious, and
prejudicial to individual traders working upon their own
capital, and moreover it was further submitted that the
accumulations if suffered to go on in perpetuity, would
eventually arrive to such an extent as must render it
absolutely impracticable to apply the fund in the manner
before alluded to ; and the scheme went on to propose the
establishment of almshouses for poor freemen of the
Company, and to allow them certain stipends as therein
mentioned.

And he further certified that on the part of the Attorney
General there had been laid before hun a scheme for the
appUcation of the income, whereby it was prepared as
follows : —



Scheme.

That instead of the 20/. allowed by L. Attwell towards
a dinner at the Company's Hall on the election day, taking
into consideration the difference in the value of money at
that time and at the date of the will, there should be
allowed for that purpose 100/. out of the rents of the
Charity estate.

That the residue of the said rents after the payment of
all outgoings should be lent out in sums not exceeding in
any one case 200/. by the Company to young men of good
characters, beginners in trade, without interest, ticking
security by bond from the borrower and sufficient security
or securities.

That the amount of the loans, the period of repayment,
■and the security to be taken should be settled by the Com-
}jany according to the circumstances of the applicants for
sucn loans, that members of the said corporation when
they should be proper objects, should have the prefer-
ence.

That a register should be kept of the sums of money
lent out and the security taken for the same with all the
particulars of the loans, and aU proper and necessary
caution should be used to prevent tne money from being
lost for want of timely application for the same when the
period of repayment should arrive.

That before any money should be lent by the said Com-
pany, on account of the said charity, all proper and due
inquiry should be made into the circumstances and
ciiaracter of the borrowers and their sureties.

That the estates and property of the charity shall be
duly managed and let to the best advantage under the
superintendence of the said Compan;^ and their officers,
and that a regular account of the receipts and expenditure
ii^ respect of the said estate should be kept and the sum
made up and audited by the Company once in every
rear.

And the master further certified that he had considered
the said two several schemes laid before him on the part
of the Company and of the Attorney General, and the
several facts and circumstances respectively stated. But
inasmuch as the scheme of the Company appeared to him
to go to a greater extent than under the decree he should
be authorised to sanction without the authority of the
Court, the said master certified that he had not thought fit
to allow the same, and therefore he approved of the last-
mentioned scheme, except so Hbut as regarded the proposed
allowance of 100/. per annum for a dinner which the
master did not feel himself authorised to allow, the founder
having limited the amount to 20/., without the sanction
of the Court for that purpose.



The estate now consists of— £ s. d,

A house in Modiford Court,Fendiurch
Street, let to — Nicholson for 21
years, from Michaelmas 1855 - 250

A house. No. 36,. Fenchurch Street,
l6t to Messrs. Barber on a building
lease for 61 years, from Lady Day
1868 - . - - 310

A house. No. 12, Great St. Thomas
Ai>ostle, let to Thos. Pollock on a
building lease for 61 years, from
Christmas 1858 - • - 50

Houses and tenements and garden
ground and land containing 9i
acres at Godalming, Surrey - 65

£ 675

The outgoings of the estate are a charge of 5 per
cent, on the rental for management and the expense of
surveys relating to the premises and occasional subscrip-
tions to local purposes at Godalming.

The scheme allows the Company the sum of 100/. a
year, as suggested by the Attorney General.

The operation of this scheme has been to accumulate a
constantly increasing loan fund of which advertisements
are published, and which is lent out in sums of 200/.
without interest, and without any expense in preparing
the security, the whole cost being borne by the fund. A
stamped bond is given with two securities for each
loan.

The charge for preparing the security depends upon
the extent of the inquiries made in each case, and I am
informed the average may be 10/. for each loan.

The money is lent for three years, but it is often im-
possible to recover it punctually, and then it is received
by instalments. The charges of the management of the
loan, including bonds and attendances for receiving of
instalments amount to about 150/. a year.

There are generally more applicants for the loan fund
than can be received but not commonly more persons to
whom it is thought secure to lend it.

The fund has accumulated to the sum of 11,165/. Jf. 6</.,
of which 8,255/. is now out on security to about 46
persons, of whom seven are freemen of the Company. It
IS not believed that any very considerable portion of this
is irrecoverable.

I append to this report a table of the names of the
borrowers, and the dates of the respective loans up to the
Ist May 1863.

Sir Wolstan Dixtb's Charity.

Sir Wolstan Dixie, by his will of the 15th May 1592, am
to the Company 500/., of which 200/. was to be lent to four
poor young men, 50/. each, and 300/. to be lent to ten poor
young men, 30/. each, they to pay for every 50/. 1/. 13». 4d.,
and for every 30/. 1/., whereof the wardens should have 1/.
and the clerk and two beadles 6$, 8d. each, and for coals to
the poor of St. Michael Bassishaw five marks (3/. 6s. 8(/.).

And he gave to the Company an annuity of 10/. for a
lecture of divinity at St. Michael Bassishaw.

The Company has no account of the 500/., nor was any
such account rendered at the time of the last commission
of Inquiry, it is supposed to be lost, and I do not find that
anjr legal proceedings have been taken with reference to
this charity . The Company receive 10/. a year from the
Merchant Taylors' Com])any for the rentcharge, which
they pav over to the lecturer appointed hj the parish of
St. Michael Bassishaw, and they pay also 3/. 6s, Sd, to the
churchwardens of the same parish.



Mrs. F. Clark's Gift.

Frances Clark, by her will (date not known), referring to
a payment of 200/. made in her lifetime to the Company,
and to an indenture whereby they covenanted to pay 10/. a
year to the poor and lame of St. Thomas' Hospital, directed
that the Company should see the same performed.

The Company pay 10/. a year to the treasurer of St.
Thomas' Hospital.



Stoddard's Charity.

William Stoddard by his will of the 24th Februaiy 1611^
gave a copyhold tenenient and I7i acres of land to trustees
upon the trusts declared in an indenture of even date.



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MB. UABES REPOBT. — SKINNEBS' COMPANY.



343



And by such iDdenture they were directed to sell the
copyhold and purchase freehold lands, &c. of 100 marks a
year, and pay thereout for two dinners yearly for the

£

Poor children of Christ's Hospital - 4

To the resident officers of the hospital - 1

To the Skinners' Company for the relief

of their poor - - - - 6

and the residue for the poor children of the hospital.

The governors of Christ's Hospital pay 6/. a year to the
Skinners' Company, who have two presentations to Christ's
Hospital, which are confined to sons of freemen of the
Company. The Company always inquire into the means
of the parents to advance their children in life after the
education given in the hospital, and give the advantage to
those who have the better means of so doing.

The 6L a year is not specifically affixed, but is applied
with the other funds of tne Company to the general pur-
poses of charity.

Joan Bush's Charity.

Joan Bush, by her will of the SOth March 1566, directed
the Company to distribute to poor people within the City
of London four cart loads of coal.

The Company appear to have given a bond to the Cor-
poration of Xondon for the performance of this trust, and
they pay annually \6s, a* year to the churchwardens of
St. Margaret Moses, and the same sum to each of the
churchwardens of St. Giles, Cripplegate, and St. Sepulchre.

Edward Lewises Exhibition.

Edward Lewis, by will of the drd March 1673, gave to the
Company 100/. to pay for the better maintenance of a poor
scholar at Cambridge— 5/. a year.

The Company pay annually 5/. a year to a poor scholar
at Cambridge selected by the court. It is held until he
takes his degree.

Bandal Manning's Gift.

Bandal Manning, by his will of the 9th January 1611,
gave to the Company 120/., to be lent to three honest ^oung
men, each paying 1/. a year as interest, and to be distributed
as follows : —

£ 8.

To the poor of St. Swithin's, London 2
For a sermon in the parish church • 10
For the Company's officers - - 10

Their is no loan fund in respect of this charity, but the
Company continues to pay the 2/. 10«. per annum to the
diurchwardens of the parish of St. Swithin's, and the 10^.
to the officers of the Company.



Fletcher's Gift.

Thomas Fletcher, by his will of the 5th October 1616,
gave to the Company 300/. to purchase lands with part
thereof to the value of 13/. a year, to be disposed of as
follows : —

£
To the schoolmaster at New Woodstock - 4
To "Bye sermons there {168, each) - - 4
To the almspeople there - - - 4

And the remainder of the 300/. to be lent to two young
freemen at 5 per cent, for a dinner on the 10th May.

The Company pay 9/. I2s. a year to the Corporation of
Woodstock, Ozfordbhire, deducting 2/. S8, for land tax.
There is, however, no record of any investment of the fund.
It is suggested that some investment was made upon which
the land tax has been redeemed bvthe Company. The
charge of 9/. 128. seems, however, to have been tne payment
constantly made and accepted, as evidenced by receipts
expressing the deduction for more than 30 years past.



Mary Wilkinson's Gift.

Mary Wilkinson gave 100/. to the Company to pay 5/.
towards the relief and maintenance of the children of
Christ's Hospital.

The Company pay 5/. a year to Christ's Hospital.

Sir William Allbyn's Charity.

Sir William Allej-n, by indenture of the 27th October
1567, gave to the CJompany 101/. lOs., they covenanting to



pay 61, to the churchwardens of St. Botolph, Bishopsgate,
viz. : —

£ 8.

For bread to 12 poor householders - 5 4

For the repair of the parish church - 7

To the parish clerk - - - 4

To the churchwardens - - 5

The Company pay 61, a year to the churchwardens of the
parish of St. Botolph, Bishopsgate.



All which I submit to the board.



3rd June 1864.



Thos. Harb,

Inspector of Charities.



APPENDIX.



Sir, Tunbridge, April 25, 1863.

Wk, the undersigned, hope that you will not consider
the following suggestion relative to the Tunbridge school
as out of your province to present to the notice of the
worshipful Company of Skinners.

The Company is going to expend a large sum of money
upon a new school, which will be a lasting ornament and
improvement to the ancient town of Tunbridge.

We have seen. Sir, the plans of the elevation, and the
building is already in progress, but we find, to our great
surprise, that though there wOl be a fine central tower*
admirably adapted for such a purpose, there is to be no
clock.

Upon the paramount necessity of a good turret dock in
a building of this kind we need not dilate, as the utility is
so apparent that we feel sure it has only to be properly
represented to the worshipful Company to be at once
acceded to.

A couple of hundred guineas would be sufficient for the
purpose, which T^e are sure will not weigh for one moment
in tne scale against the benefits to be derived, leaving the
ornamental p^ of the question out of view. Immediate
steps, however, should be taken, as a peculiar chamber is
needed for the purpose.

Hoping, Sir, that you will excuse the liberty we have
thus taken in intruding ourselves upon your notice, and
will kindly further our object.

We remain. Sir,
Your very obedient servants,
(Signed) Edw. Scoones.

G. Wielding, M.D.

J. H. PAiTissoN, L.L.B.

C. Otway, Clerk, M.A.

G. J. Handford, Clerk, M.A.

Wm. Stephen Thomson, M.A.

Sydney Alleynb.

Wm. Gorham.

Arthur T. Beecbino.

Saml. E. Pierce.

Chas. Male, Colonel.

William M. Till, M.D.

Gentle Brown.

John Gorkam, Surgeon.

Henry Larkings, Merchant.

Wm. Chippendale, Gentleman.

L. M. WlBMER.

R. Mamison, Grocer.

A. T. Skinner, Ironmonger.
Jos. Snelling, Bookseller.
Chas. Smith, Grocer.

E. Stidolph, Auctioneer.

T. P. Charlton, Land Surveyor.

J. F. Bowman, Gentleman.

J. H. ScHRdDER, Gentleman.

Mrs. Alderson.

Mrs. Sifton Wynne.

Mrs. Streeten.

Mrs. Fredk. Pryor.

Mary Neville.

Mrs. F. Savile.

C. Tucker.

John Collins.

Mrs. Surber.

W. Fleming, B.C.L., Tunbridge

Castle.
Chas. H. Peake.
Geo. Punnett.
Richard Ware, Postmaster.
W. Wells, Chemist.
Thos. J. Secker, M.A., Clerk.
Joseph Newington.
Richard L. Allnut, M.A.,

Incumbent of St. Stephen's.

B. Baker.

J.J. Benzie, Hair Dresser, &c.
Mark G. Thompson,
Watch Maker &c.



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344



CITT OF LONDON LIVERY COMPANIES COMMISSION:



ToNBRiDGE School.

Head Master,

Rev. James Ind Welldon, D.C.L., late Fellow of St. John's
Coll., Camb.



Necessary Expenses,

Board, washing, &c., with tuition in classics, mathe-
matics, French, &c. : —



♦Upper School -
Lower „
Cbapel fund
Entrance



66 guineas per annum.
63 ditto

1 ditto

4 ditto



Ten guineas are deducted for foundationers.!

A deduction is made for clergymen's sons ; and when
more than one of a family are in Dr. Welldon's house at
the same time.

Optional Expenses.



Modem department
Private study -
French or German (pri-
vate lessons) -
Drawing
Linear drawing
Dancing - -

Gymnastics



10 guineas per annum.



4i

6
4

1
4
2



ditto

ditto
ditto
ditto
ditto
ditto



Linear drawing is taught throughout the Lower School
and suspension, and to such lads in the other forms as
desire to leam.

Head Master,

Rev. James Ind Welldon, D.C.L., late Fellow of St. John's
Coll., Camb.



Exhibitions, SfC, to which the Scholars of Tonbridge
School are eligible.

Sixteen exhibitions of lOOl. a year each (four of which
are awarded annually), to be held for four years by boys
going to the universities of Oxford or Cambridge; to
these all boys in the school are eligible— preference being
given to scholars upon the Foundation, if qualified in the
judgment of the examiner.

By the regulations boys must have been five yean at the
school before they are elisrible to these exhibitions ; and
no one can sit for them if more than 19 years of age.
The examination is in the last week in July.

A fellowship at St. John's College, Oxford, founded bv
Sir Thomas Whyte. ^

One scholarship of 20/. per annum at Brasenose College,
Oxford, founded by Mr. Henry Fisher.

Six exhibitions of 16/. per annum each, tenable at any
college of either university, founded by Sir Thomas
Snuth.

One exhibition of 21, ISs, 4d, per annum, founded by
Mr. Thomas Lampard.

One exhibition of 35/. per annum (in default of scholan
fipom Sevenoaks School), founded by Mr. Robert Holmedon.

Two exhibitions of 75/. per annum each, tenable at Jesus
College, Cambridge (in default of scholars fiom Seven-
oaks School), founded by Lady Mary Boswell.

Two exhibitions of 61, per annum each, founded by Mr.



Greek and Latin



No charge for foundationers.*



Optional Expenses.



Mathematics, &c. (in Upper

School) - - - 4 guineas per annum.

Writmg, Arithmetic, &c. (in

Lower School) - - 3 „ „

French - . - 2 .. ..



Second Master,

Rev. £dward Ind Welldon, M.A., late Fellow of Queen's
Coll., Camb,



Assistant Masters,

Rev. J. R. Little, M.A., late scholar of St. John's Coll.,

Camb.
J. Langhorne, Esq., M.A., late scholar of Christ's Coll.,

Camb.
Rev. J. Stroud, M. A., late postmaster of Merton Coll.,

Oxford.

D. Hanbury, Esq., M.A., Trinity Coll., Camb.

E. H. Goggs, Esq., B.A., Christ's CoU., Camb.

D. S. Ingram, Esq., B.A., scholar St John's Coll.,

Camb.
A. C. Pearson, Esq., B.A., St. John's ColL, Camb.
M. Bemcastel, Modem Languages.
J. Hayden, Esq., Organist and Choir Master.
Mx» Monk, Writing and Arithmetic.

The Upper School consists of the VI., V., IV. Forms
and suspension.

No boy (Statutes XXIIL, XXIV.,) can be admitted
unless of the age of eight years, able to write competently,
and read Enghsh perfectly.

No boy can be allowed to continue in Dr. Welldon's
house who is not out of the Lower School by 15 years
of Mje, out of the Fourth Form by 17 years of age, and out
of the Fifth Form by 18 years of age.

Each boy, on becoming a boarder, will be required to
produce a c^tificate of good conduct irom his late master.

Each boy will be expected to bring six towels and two
pairs of sheets.

A term's notice is required before removals, or payment
for a term.

The Christmas holidays commence on the Thursday
before Christmas Day, and last five weeks ; the Easter
holidays on the day before Good Friday, and last two
weeks ; the Midsummer holidays on the last Wednesday
in July, and continue till the next Friday six weeks.

Every boy will be required to return on the day closing
each vacation, as the business of the school will re-
commence on the next morning before breakfast.



* All boys are considered to be in the Upper School who attend the
mathematical master.

t Boys whose parents or gimrdians are living in Kent within 10 miles
of Tonbridge are considered on the Foundation.



Extra Expenses,



German

Drawing

Music

Dancing

Fencing

Drilling



- 4 guineas per annum.

^ >j »

- 4

^ 9f if

^ >» »

- 16 shillings „



Boys intended for the military colleges, can be taught
military drawing, &c.

No boy can be a^itted unless of the age of eight years,
able to write competently, and to read English perfectly.



Sir,



Charity Commission.
Tonbridge Free Grammar School.



Tonbridge, Kent, 30th April 1863.
Having read your notice of the 18th instant^ affixed
to our parish church, that you, as Inspector of Charities,
should attend at Skinners' Hall, Dowgate Hill, on the Ist
proximo, to receive information touching the management
of the Free Grammar School of Tonbridge, and any im-
provemeut, in the statutes or otherwise, whereby the bcnie-
fit of the same may be extended, I, as one of the many
cestui que trusts of the school property, a^'ail myself of
your invitation to address you.

Many of the inhabitants of Tonbridge and its vicinity
have larger fEunilies than pecuniary means. I mi^ say, by
way of short preamble, I have lU sons, one of whom has
completed his education at this school, two are now at it,
and others preparing for it, and therefore it b a subject
of importance to myself.

The school property has the reputation of being veiy
large, and likely to be increasingly so by the falling in of
leases, &c.

Ist. I would suggest that the statutes and regulations
of the school should be more freely distributed among the
parents of the school boys than they are, that a printed copy
should be given on each boy's admission for guidance and
information of parents and scholars.

If , as I understand, that they are out or nearly out of
print, it would be well to have a new edition forthwith
printed and circulated.



All boprs are foundationers whose parents or ruardiiDS (their
parents beuig dead) reside in Kent within 10 miles of Tonbridge.



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MR. hare's report. — 3KINNERS' COMPANY,



343



ITiere is reference in them made to certain original
orders of Sir Andrew Judd ; these should be given in notes
for the right understanding of the statutes.

2ndly. That the annual accounts of the school estates and
funds be advertised in the local papers in a clear and
intelligible form, or at least printed and transmitted to the
parents of the boys.

litdly. The objects of the founder being twofold — first, a
gratuitous education in grammar to the youths in Tonbridge
and parts adjacent ; and, secondly, the benefit of the town
of Tonbridge from the increase of trade and other advant-
ages, which would result from the influx of scholars — all
regulations, and extensions, therefore, which may operate as
inducements to parents to send their boys to Tonbridge
school, would be in strict conformity with and complete
fulfilment of the declared objects of the founder.

The education here is not now confined to what is under-
stood by " grammar." The time of the masters is not
therefore wholly devoted to instructing therein, which it
ought to be, or the boys ought to be ^tuitously taught
writing, arithmetic, mathematics, French, &c., out of funds
of the school estates if they are included under the term
•'grammar," instead of being extra charges.

The present annual payment for each boy by his parents
for learning at the school is —

£ s, rf.
Writing and arithmetic - - 3 3

Mathematics - - - - 4 4

French - - - - 2 2



A year



9 9



To say nothing of other acquirements and accomplish-
ments learnt and paid for by the parents of foundationers,
or boys of the first class, which are generally included in a
liberal education.

4thly. Upon the supposition that the school property has
the wherewithal that this school should a free and thorough
education in its fullest sense as far as possible and become
a model to other schools similarly circumstanced and not
to be fettered by precedents here or elsewhere, if not suited
to the circumstances and requirements, the place, and age.

5thly. That an assistant master should be appointed for a
less number of scholars than 40 boys in the first class or
foundationers, (see Statute XLIII.), and that there be an
assistant master for every 10 or 15 boys.
6tblv. That the salary of every assistant be considerably
raised above 84/. per annum, so as to ensure first-rate in-
struction, and at the same time to enable them to devote
themselves to the development of the scholars' mental
powers and to their instruction without parents having to
supplement the present mode of education by a costly
pnvate tutorial system, which is now absolutely necessary
with respect to 19 out of 20 schoolboys.

This reformation or improvement was strongly urged by
the late Prime Chancellor of the University of Cambridge,
and has been adopted in some of its colleges.

7thly. The plan of the 16 munificent exhibitions appears
to me good, though it is not sufficiently defined what is



Online LibraryGreat Britain Great Britain. London livery companies commissionCity of London Livery Companies' Commission: Report and Appendix, Volume 4 → online text (page 99 of 169)