Copyright
Great Britain. Parliament Great Britain. Royal Commission on Mines.

Minutes of evidence taken before the Royal Commission on Mines online

. (page 167 of 177)
Online LibraryGreat Britain. Parliament Great Britain. Royal Commission on MinesMinutes of evidence taken before the Royal Commission on Mines → online text (page 167 of 177)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


8af0ty Lamps:

Charge for, 23410.

Compulsory introduction, right of inspector to

insist on certain conditions, advocated, 23336,

23403.
Objections to, not raised by men, 23404, 23413.
Types of, testing and scheduling by Home Office

advocated, 23484.
Wages, extra, paid to men where safety lamps

are used, 23405.

SanKary Condition of Fifeshire mines, 23491.
Sanitary conveniences, question as to, 23496.

Spontanooos Combustion :

Aoddents, numbor caused by, 23474.
Destrootion to coal by, 23475.



Digitized by



Google



INDEX IL



505



ADAM80N, mr^corU.

Spontaneous Combustion—con^.

Extent of, in Fife, 23335, 23473.
Besoue apparatus, importance of provision in
mines subject to, 23478.

Timborinc :

Coal-cutting machinery, system of timbering
suggested where used, 23290, 23306, 23313.

Person setting — men themselves, 23297, 23309,
23467.

Special Rules, 23299, 23308.

Supervision of, 23298, 23323, 23468.

Systematic timbering advocated, 23297.

Wages, piece-work, effect of, on, 23470.

Vontiation : Amount of gas in Fife collieries, 23236.

Waf OS, piece-work, effect of, on efficiency of timbering,
23470.



BRAlTHWAiTE, Mr. J., Cleveland Miners*^ and
Quarry men's Association. (See quMiom 29539—
29657.)

Aecitfonts :

Inspection of mines by men after, 29051.

GhargOinon, duties and qualifications of, 29574.

Dopntlos :

Adequate inspection, impossibility of, owing to
present size of districts, 29544, 29552,
29562, 29568, 29597, 29614.
Increase in number of deputies preferable to

reduction in size of districts, 29616.
Size of districts should be left to managers,
29621.
Appointment of:

Examination for, advocated, 29542, 29563.

Qualificaticm of candidates, 29542.
Efficiency or otherwise of men appointed as
deputies or assistants, 29544, 29550,
. 29561, 29571.
Two skilled men working together,
29571.
Method of inspection, 29597, 29599.
Responsibility of, 29545.
Timbering, see thai title.

Drilling Machino, person m charge of, 29574.

Inspoctlon of Minos by Mon :

Accidents, fatal, inspection after, 29651.

Extent to which practised, 29590.

Frequency of question as to inspection before

lapse of month in event of any dangerous

occurrence, 29656.
Qualification of men for making inspection —

employment in same mine, &c., 29628, 29639.
Reports not affected by fear of reprisals on part of

owners : defects complained of soon remedied,

29591,29639.
Time occupied in, 29625.
Value of. 29626, 29649.

Inspoetion of Minos by Minos Officials :

Before men begin work, adequacy of inspection,
29567.
{See also tide Deputies.)

Inspoctors, Homo (MUco :

Number of inspections desirable, 29588.
Working miners, appdintm^nt as assistant
inspectors advocated, 29589, 29619.

Mothod of working Ironstono Minos, 29579.

Qualifications of Witness, 29539, 29595, 29630.

Shot-firing :

Chargeman or driller, duties and qualifications of,

29574.
Examination of place after shots are put in, 29610.
Person firing shots, duties and qualifications of,

29574, 29586.

Stanghow :

Adequate inspection by deputy, impossibility
of, owing to size of district, and appointment of
unskilled assistants, 29543, 29558, 29598, 29614.

Stolons, Mr., and Mr. Toyn, evidence of, references

to, 29542, 29 56S, 29619.



BRAITHWAITE, Mr..^:;>it.
Timboring :

Accidents to roof and sides, danger of, 29564.
Deputies, work of, in relation to :

Inspection, 29612.

Responsibflity, excessive, when unddDed
assistants are appointed, 29546, 29553,



BROWN, Mr. JAMES, President of the Ayrshire
Miners' Association. {S:'e questwm 22928 —
2322o.)

Acoldontt :

Haulage accidents, see ^at title.

Two men should work together in isolated

positions or at night as precaution in o&aer ol

accident, 22973, 23060.

Baths and facilities for changing clothes at pit-head,
provision desirable, 23149, 23186.
Attitude of miners as to, 23150, 23201.
Charge for use, views as to, 23206.
Houses occupied by miners in relation to this

necessity, 23153, 23186.
Number required for one pit, 23209.
Shower-baths, 23212.

Blaok Damp, 23136 :

Health of miners, effect of on, 23138.



Explosion at Annbank CoUiory, 22959.

Explosivos :

Consultation of workmen before introduction
of new explosives advocated, 22977, 23077,
23169, 23182.

Exp!osivos Ordor as to introduction of new explosives,
23079.

Finos:

Abolition advocated: prosecution preferable,

23180.
Extent to which inflicted, 23175.
Objection of men to, 23177.

Haulaco Accillonts, prevention of, compulsion as to
advocated, 22066, 22D70 :
Chains, 22968.

Cost of appliances not prohibitive, 22971.
Runaway points, 22968. , j

Housos, single-roomed, occupied by miners: '

Double house:) for men with large families,

attempt of employers to provide, 23196, 23200.
Improvement in houses now being built — aU

two-roomed, 23161, 23187.
Local authorities, medical officers of health, &c.,

attitude on this question, 23186, 23197.
Number of in Ayrshire, 23153.
Period at which built, 23157.
Size of ri)oms, 23192.

Inspoetion of Minos by Minoi Officials :

Discharge of firemen should not rest with manager,
23030 :
Arbitration, 23043.

Responsibility of manager in this event, 23048.
importance of firemen, 22963.
Xumber of firemen employed in pits, 23014.
Qualifications, class of man appointed, and
desirability of certificate of competency, 22950,
22961.
Wages, amount of, 22960.

Inspoctors, Home Office:

Accidents, inspection after, 22947.
Adequacy of inspection, views on this point, and
as to what constitutes adequate inspec-
tion, 22943, 22997, 23026.
Number of times that Witness has seen an

inspector inspecting, 22934.
Time that would be occupied in making
adequate inspection, 23002.
Area that would have to be covered in adequate

inspection, 23003.
Number of inspections, increase advocated,.
22943, 22949. 22986, 23022.
Compulsion as to number, advocated, 22995.
Number of inspectoi'S, increase advocated, 22949,

22985.
Surprise visits, 22947.

65



Digitized by



Google



506



INDEX II.



BROWN, Mr. J.—cotU.
MaitagMrt :

Adequacy and effioiency of viewB as to, 23115,

23214.
Dischan^e of firemen should not rest with manager.

Arbitration, 23043.

Responsibility of manager in this event,
23048.
Discharge of manager should rest with owner,

23031.
Explosives, knowledge of, 23091, 23119.

Manacvrs' Certificate of ComHteMy :

Adequacy of examination, 23118, 23214.
Qualifications required for candidates for examina-
tion, 23221.

QualifleatiOilS of Witness, 22928, 22999.

Safaty Lamps, extent to which used in Ayrshire, 22957,
23167.

Sliot-flrinc :

Introduction of new explosives, 22977, 23077,
23169. 23182.

Vantilatiaii, character of Ayrshire collieries as to,
22942, 22955, 23132, 23146.
Black damp, 23136, 23138.

Water for drinking, provision advocated, 22982, 23104,
23123.
Cost of, question as to, 23106.
Points to which water might be taken, 23108,
23112, 23127.



BROWN, Mr, ROBERT, Secretary of the Scottish
Miners' Federation. (^Sec quesiioiiis 22040—22374.)

AccMtnte:

Falls of roof and sides, number of, 22138.
Haulage accidents, 22142.
Shaft accidents, see that title.
Wages: piece-work, effect of, on number of
accidents, 22255, 22282.

Amfrica* baths and facilities for changing clothes,
provision in, 22312.

Ankylostomiatis, prevention of : Discussion by Con-
ciliation Board, as to baths and facilities for changing
clothes, 22314.

Baths and facilities for changing clothes at pit-head,
provision advocated, 22310.
Charge for, views as to, 22317.

Bni proposed by Miners' Federation: number of
inspectors required under, 22270.

Coal Mines Ragttlation Act, Section 50, manager's
responsibility under, 22333.

Disaiplina :

Character of Scottish mines as to, 22050, 22154.
Trade Union officials, encouragement by, 22126,
22249.
{See also title Fines and Prosecution.)

Employars' Liability Act, responsibility of managers
under, 22333.

Ellf incmcil, see title Shafts.

Finas:

Advantages or disadvantages as compared with

prosecution, 22250.
Extent to which fining is practised, 22245.
Method of payment, 22248.
Wrongly inflicted, question as to, 22246.

Foreign Worfcmtn, emplovment of, in Scotland :
Efficiency and discipline, 22202,

Source from which efficient miners are drawn,
22342.
Extent of (nimiber employed), 22318, 22348.
Language, difficulties as to, 22328.
Manner of introduction, 22321.
Offences with which charged before Sheriff,
22347.



BROWN, Mr. R.—cont,

Inspcctioii of Minos by Man :

Amount of work involved, 22177.
Extent to which practised, 22105, 22177.
Owners and managers, attitude towards, possible
effect on men making adverse report, 22180,



QuaUflcations of men, extension to include men
** who have been " practical miners, advocated,
22103.

Inspection of Minos by Minos Officials :

Adequacy of inspection, views on this point,

22112, 22189.
(See also sub-heading Qualifications.)
Dismissal of fireman by manager, objections to,
and suggestions as to control by Govern-
ment, 22205, 22291, 22203, 22115, 22355,



Haulago Acciilonts,

advocated, 22142.



prevention, compulsion as to.



Reports, accuracy of, effect of present system
on, 22117, 22291, 22303, 22334.
Instance of, 22295, 22298.
Responsibility of manager for appointment
and efficiency of firemen in this event,
22205, 22208, 22332.
Districts, size of, reduction advocated, 22112,

22189, 22192, 22341.
Duties other than inspection performed by, and
suggestions as to limitation, 22243, 22341,
22371.
Timbering, supervision of, views as to, 22127,
22373.
Importcuice of firemen, 22108.
Nmnber of, increase advocated, 22342.
Qualifications of firemen, class of men appointed,
and desirability of certificate of com-
petency, 22107, 22183, 22197, 22206,
22240, 22268, 22297, 22350.
Loss of certificate, views as to, 22369.
Wages :

Comparison \(nth colliers' and suggestion as

to increase, 22242, 22353.
Contribution from Home Office in event of
control over dismissal, views as to, 22365.

Inspocton, Homo Office :

Adequacy of inspection by, views on this point,
and as to what constitutes adequate
inspection, 22062, 22064, 22071, 22079,
22085, 22100, 22155.
One man should examine one pit, 22160.
Time that would be occupied in adequate
inspection, 22158, 22162.
Districts, size of, decrease advocated, 22271.
Number of inspections desirable, 22074.
Number of inspectors, increase advocated, 22061,
22073, 22167.
Number required, 22074, 22087, 22270.
Working miners, men who have had experience
aa, appointment advocated, 22090, 22097,
22170, 22273, 22278.

Madaron, Mr., evidence of, reference to, 22177; 22339,
22341.

Managors :

Dismissal of, views as to, 22368.

Dismissal^ of fireman, powers as to, see title

Inspection of Mines by Mines Officials, stib-

heading Dismissal of Firoman.
Qualifications : suggestions as to experience

underground, 22094, 22173.

Manager's Cortiflcato of Compstoncy, qualifications of
candidates, suggestions as to, 22094.

Motallitorous Minos, baths and facilities for changing
clothes in, 22315.

Prosecutions :

Advantages and disadvantages as compared with

fining, 22250.
Expenses, payment by Union not practised

except under certain circumstances, 22056.

Qualifications of Witness, 22040, 22063, 22151.
Ronaldson, Mr., evidence of, reference to, 22053.

Shafts:

Cage, number of men in, 22146.
Enginemen (winding) :

Competency of, views as to, and as to
desirability of certificates, 22144.



Digitized by



Google



IND^Z n.



507



BROWN, Mr. R.^con/.
SiWfftt— eofU.

Engine men (winding)— cont.

Two at each engine while men are being
raised or bwered, advocated* 22145^
22150, 22235.
Emergency arising from lUneas:
InBtanoe of, 22339.
Mechanical appUance for stopping
engine in event of, 22149.

Sliat-flriiig, smoke arising from powder, complaints
as to, 22302.



RttlMt discussion with men, suggestions as to,
22121.

Timbtring :

Persons setting, special appointment, views as to,
22127, 22218, 22262.
Wages, readjustment in this event, views
as to, 22129, 22221.
Supervision by firemen, views as to, 22127, 22373.
Wages, piecework, effect of, on efficiency of
timbering, 22135, 22226, 22264.

VMtHatioii :

Adequate, no standard of, 22304.

Black damp, 22298.

Defective, not reported by fireman, instance of,

22296, 22298.
White damp (carbon monoxide), 22305.

Wagit:

Firemen 8, 22242, 22353, 22365.
Piecework :

Abolition advocated, 22135, 22225, 22264.
Attitude of miners on this point, 22140,
22260, 22280.
Accidents, number of, under piecework and
day-work systems compared, 22255, 22282.
Amount of money earned under piecework
and day-work systems compared, 22264,
22279, 22285.
Timbering by special men, readjustment of
colliers' wages in event of, views as to, 22129,
22221. -put? y.



CHARLTON, Mr. W. B., Secretary, Durham
County Colliery Enginemen's and Boiler-
Minder's Mutual Aid Association. (See questions
25819—26142.)

Bill promoted by National Federation of Enginemen's
and Boilermen's Associations, for tests for
persons in charge of engines and boilers, 25827,
I 25938.

Report on. of Select Committee on Steam Engines
! and Boilers (Persons in CTiarge) Bill, 26829.

OmI MinM Regulation Act. 1887, General Rules as to
men in charge of engines, 25831.

CommittM, Sdtet, on Steam Engines and Boilers
(Persons in Charge) Bill, report of, against Bill
promoted by National Federation, 258^.

Ottmbtrland Encintnitii's Friandly ani Protoctioii
AMOCiarfcloii, Rule as to training of enginemen,
25952.

Durham County Enginomon's Aaiociation :

Number of members, 26992.
Training and qualification of enginemen, regu-
lations as to, 25819 {par. 3), 25835, 25836.
^ Instances of enginemen not holding this

certificate, 25989.
Number of men trained, 25837.
Witness representAtive of, 25820.

Enflnttr, duties of, 25911.

Enginomon or Boilormen going alone down pit when
otherwise empty* objections to, 25819 {par. 7),
25880, 25886a, *25980, 26060.

Engint-WlndMrt :

Age limit, 26119.

Old age, absence of any limit as to, and views
• • as to whether desir«\ble, 26120.



OHARLTOIV, Mr. W. B^coni.
Engino- Winders— cofK.

Competency of, 25988.

Death or sudden illness while at work, 26131.
Substitute in cases of illness, 25875, 26048.
Hours of work and suggestion as to reduotion.
25819 {par. 6), 25873, 25908, 26977, 26046.
Relieving man failing to appear, engine-

man continues work, 25918, 26048.
Wood, Sir Lindsay, Speech on in 1897,
25819 {par. 6), 25872, 25971.
Importanoe of engine-winder, number of lives in

charse of, &c., 25819 (par. 6), 25971.
Medical examination, question as to, 26130.
Number of enginemen, 25916.
Training and qualifications :

Bill promoted by Engineers' Association, su

tiOe Bill
(Ihimberland Enginemen*s Friendly and
Protection Association, Rule as to, 25962.
Durham Enginemen's Association, regula-
tions as to, 25819 (par. 3), 25835, 25836,
25847, 25848, 25944, 26957, 25963,
25989, 26024, 26100.
Effect, probable, on, of decision by
Government to undertake examination
and certification, 25950, 25958, 26001,
26033, 26105.
Method of training described, 26003,

26011.
Nature of certificate and examination*

25963.
Responsibility of engine-winder for
accidents caused by apprentice,
25097, 26039.
Selection or rejection of men to be trained,
right of, views as to, 25835, 25953,
25993, 26002, 26031.
Text of Rule as to, 25948.
Enginemen's, Boilermen's and Firemen's
Amalgamated Association of Great Britain,
Rules as to, 25952.
Government, examination and certification
of men by, advocated^ 25819 {par. 1),
25827, 25837, 25840, 25843, 25849,
25928, 25949. 25956, 25989, 26001,
26033.
Preliminary examination as to fitness,

25935.
Inching should not be forced on men
unwilling to undertake it, 26033,
26115.
Training, possible decision of Govern-
ment to undertake, 26105.
St. Helen's Association of Colliery Engine-
men, Rules as to, 25952, 26042.
Wigan, Bolton and District CJoUiery : Engine-
men's Mutual Protection Association
tion Rules, 25952.
Wigan Coal and Iron Company's Collieries :
DiflSculty at, in 1895, statement by
witness as to selection of men for
training, 25953.
System of training adopted at, 26006.

NavlagO Acclllonti, prevention of, suggestions as to,
26819 et 8eq.

National F«deratton of Enginomon's and Bollormon't
Associations of Oroat Britain, Witness repre-
sentative of, 25821, 25825.
{See also title Bill)

National Fodoration of Enginomon's Protoctivo Associa-
tions Conferences :

Responsibility of enginemen for mistakes made
by apprentices, statement as to, 26040.

Selection of peisons to be trained as enginemen,
statement as to, 26010.

Qualifications of Witness 2582(J, 25928, 25951.

8t Holon's Association of Colliery Enginemsn, Rule as
to training of enginemen, 251h3*J, 26042.

Siiaft Accidents:

Bebside Colliery, Northumberland, 25819 {par. 5),

25881 26077.
Boldon Collierv, Durham, 25819 {par. 4), 25974.

26085.
Engine-winders, see that title.
Hummerbcck Colliery, 25819 {pars. 2 and 4),

25862, 25990.

65 A,



Digitized by



Google



508



INDEX II.



CHARLTON, Mr. W. B.—cont,
Shaft Acektonts— con^.

Prevention of, suggestions as to, 25819 {par. 1
et seq).
Brakes, 26089, 26096.
Cage: number of men riding in, 26133.
Keeps under cages, provision advocated,
25819 (par. 4), 25862, 25869, 25900,
26014.
Extent to which used, 25855.
Man in charge of, absence of at certain
times, objection to, 26853, 25856,
25864, 25902, 26972, 26018, 26020,
26093.
Control of keeps by engineman,

question as to, 26087.
Power to avert accident in event
of sudden lightening or increasing
weight of cage, question as to.



Mid shaft landings, keeps in, 26073.
Accidents to, 26077.
Automatic, 26075.
Danger of, question as to, '26085.
Extent to which used, 26083.
Signals to engineman, 26081.
Landings, number of, in Durham Collieries
26014, 26071.
Keeps in mid shaft landings, see eub-

heading Keeps.
Men in charge of, 26016, 26076.
Overwinding, apparatus for prevention of,
26136.
Compulsion, as to use of,„^dvocated,
26139.
Signalling away from shaft-bottom :

Dangerous practice as to, and suggestion
for prevention of, 25819 (par. 5),
25881. J _

Sptcial Rules, Durham :

Banksmen, Rule as to, 26867, 25906.

Conversion into General Rule advocated,
25870, 25908.
Enginemai, Special Rules as to, 25831, 25911,
25966, 25995. i«^T , , ;_



CLARK, Mr, ilAMES, Secretary^Durham Deputies'
Mutual Aid Association. (6Vr quefitions 24393
—24762.)

CmI Mints Rtfulation Act, Sec. 42, authority of
Inspector of Mines under, 24411, ^458.

Dtpth of mines in which Witness is employed, 24738.

Dttrhain Dtputics' Mutual AM Aisociation :

Evidence of Witness, representative of, 24507.

Number of members, 24396.

Secession from Miners' Association, 24505.

Escapa Shaft :

Knowledge of, by workmen, question as to,

24735, 24741. ^
Number of day holes and drifts, 24736.

Inspection of Mines by Mines Officials :

Accidents to deputies, average number of, 24662,
24697.
Timbering, number owing to, 24659, 24697,
24760.
Dismissal of deputy by managers, objection to,
unless for justifiable causes, 24592:
Appeal to County Court. 24604, 24608,
24743.
Substitution of appeal to inspector,
advocated, 24610.
Districts, size of :

Appeal to inspectors of mines as to.advocated,
when complaints are disregarded by
management, 24409, 24512, 24591, 24610.
Decrease necessary in some instances, 24409,
24453, 24509, 24646, 24661, 24696, 24730.
Duties of deputies, 24420, 24515, 24530, 24700 :
Explanation of duties by manager on appoint-
ment, question as to, 24655.
Other duties than inspection performed by,
24532, 24588.



CLARK, Mr. 4.^cont.

Inspection of Mines by Mines Officials^ronf.

Duties of deputies— con/.
Other duties — corU.

Calling away of deputy from inspection
to perform other duties, such as
removal of obstructions, &o.,
24412, 24436, 24515, 24626, 24631,
24636, 24642, 24714 :
Refusal to go, probable result of,

24720.
Special Rule as to removal of
obstructions not existent, 24638.
Shot-firing, see that title.
Timbering, see that title.
Houses and coal, free to deputies, 24675.
Importance of deputies, 24618, 24703.
Number of deputies in Durham, 24760.
Qualification of deputies, class of men appointed,
&c., and views as to certificate of compe-
tency, 24499, 24616, 24634, 24658, 24677,
24705.
Number of deputies holding certificates,
24500.
Responsibility of deputies, 24718, 24723.
Wages of deputies, 24671, 24712 :
Back-bye wages, 24673.
Comparison with hewers'. 24676, 24748,
24754.

Inspectors, Home Mice :

Arbitration between deputies and managers,
suggestions as to, 24409, 24512, 24691, 24610.

Authority of, under Sec. 42 of Coal Mines Regu-
lation Act, 24411, 24458.

Manacer and Under-Manacer, status of, 24433, 24439.

Qualifications of Witness, 24393, 24398, 24417.

Safety Lamps, not used in colliery where Witness is
employed, 24740.

Shifts:

Number of, worked by hewers, 24643.
Time of commencement and finish, 24648.

Shot-Urine :

Accidents arising from, number of, 24576.
Between shifts, Witness knows of no colliery

where practised, 24569.
Person luring shots — dexmty with a competent
man and a licenseii shot-firer, 24421,
24571.
Abolition of practice of shot-firing by deputy
during day-time, and appointment
of special shot-firer advocated, 24400,
24406, 24421, 24429, 24608, 24574,
24633.
Other duties that might be performed
by special shot-fir^r, 24578.

Timberinc :

Longwall workings, timbering in, 24687.
Persons setting, in face (deputies), 24533.
Responsibility of deputies for, 24489.
Stoop-androom workings, 24678.
Supply of, duties of deputies as to, 24530, 24533.
Withdrawal of :

Between shifts advocated, 24472, 24486,

24541, 24563, 24668, 24682, 24696.

By deputy, during day-time, objections to,

and suggestions as to appointment

of special men, 24415, 24466, 24472,

24486, 24536, 24556, 24633, 24668,

24694.

Accidents to deputies under present

system, 24638, 24669, 24697, 24760.

Number of men that would require to

be appointed, 24566.
Time that would be occupied in drawing
timber, 24569, 24564.
Circumstances under which system is with-
drawn by shifters at night, 24495.
Danger of withdrawal, and views that in

some cases it should be omitted, 24416.
Juds, drawing of, 24487.
Manager and under -manager, attitude of, on

this question, 24474.
Time occupied in withdrawal, 24559.

Trolleyway Man, calling away deputy from other work
to remove obstructions, practice as to, 24438.
24455, 24717.
Responsibility for removal of obstructions
advocated, 24527.



Digitized by



Google



INDEX U.



509



GOULTHARD, Mr, S., Permanent Secretary
Northumberland Mutual Aid Association. (^See
questwm 24763—24863.)

Dtptti of SeghiU Colliery, 24773.

Intptctioii of Mines by MinM Officials :

Accidents to deputies, number of, 24832.
Dismissal of deputy by manager, appeal to Home
Office Inspector advocated in event of»
24793, 24841, 24860.
Responsibility of manager in relation to,
question as to, 24844.
Districts, size of, decrease advocated in some

instances, 24779, 24782, 24800, 24838.
Duties of deputies, 24781. 24790 :

Other than inspection, objections to, 24782,

24838, 24849, 24856.

Calling away of deputy from inspection

to remove obstructions, 24784,

24806, 24850.

Refusal of deputy to go, probable

result of, 24810.
Responsibility should be transferred
to Management in this event,
24791.
Shot -firing, see that title.
Timbering, see that title.
Importance of deputy, 24790.
Qualifications of deputies, class of men appomted,
and views as to certificate of oompetenoy,
24815, 24821.
Number of miners and deputies holding
certificates, 24820.

InSH^r Of MiNM, Home Office :

Arbitrator between owners and deputies, advo-
cated as, 24793, 24841, 24860.

mM9i of WorlciiiK, Seghill Colliery, 24775.

^vaiiflcatioii of WitnMS, 24763, 24777, 24859.

Sliat-flring :

Extent of, 24795.

Person firing shot— deputy, 24795, 24798.

Special men, appointment for :

Extent to which practised in Northumber-
land, 24796.
Desirability of, views as to, 24801 :

Other duties that might be performed by
specially appointed shot-firer, 24802.

Timbertng :

Accidents, number of, 24832.

Person setting — deputies usually, 24822.

Withdrawal of :

Accidents from, number of, 24832.

By deputies, 24824, 24832.

Between shifts, advocated, 24828, 24833.



Online LibraryGreat Britain. Parliament Great Britain. Royal Commission on MinesMinutes of evidence taken before the Royal Commission on Mines → online text (page 167 of 177)