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Minutes of evidence taken before the Royal Commission on Mines online

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Contractors, attitude of, 23716.
Miners, attitude of, 23727.
Tonnage scale is paid on the assumption thai
management does the timbering, 23762.



WEIR, Mr. JOHN, Sccrelary, Fife and Kinross
Miners' Association. (S.r (fnxdons 20771 —
2)206.)



Cause, chief, of, 20851, 20861.

Falls of roof and sides, see title Timbering, sub-

h^.ading Accidents.
Investigation into :

Coroner's inquests, adequacy of, 20771

(por. 10).
Second enquiry, demand for, views as to,
20771 (par, 10), 21180.
Bill proposed by Miners' Federation,

clause referring to, 21182.
Manager's right to demand, if censured
at inquest, views as to, 21187.

Anicylootoiniasis :

Foreign workmen, ^nployment of, in relation to,

20771 (par. 11), 21137.
No immediate danger of in Fife, 21138.
Sanitation, improved, necessity for, 20771 (par.

Sanitary conveniences, introduction of, views
as to, 21136.
Batlis:

Colliery village, erection in, 21148.
Pit-head, provision at, and facilities for changing
clothes advocated, 21143.



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1^644

WEIR, Mr. 4.-coHt.
Mfian :

Baths, provision in, 21144.
r* Gages, gates or bare for, 20771 {par. 8).

Bill promoted by Miners' Federation, 20777.

Accidents, investigation into, clause as to second

enqniiy, 21182.
Inspectors, suggestions as to, 21031.

Home Office inspectors, additional, 20784,
20902, 20977, 21019, 21167, 21164, 21167.
Inspectors, suggestion as to :

Home Om<»9 inspectors, additional assistant,
20784, 20902, 20977, 21157.
, Men, inspection on behalf of, appointment
of itinerant inspectors, who are or
have been practical working miners,
suggestion, 21031, 21042, 21164.
Perimi of appointment, 2116/.
Timbering, suggestions as to, 21086.
Unskilled workmen, clause as to, 21170.

€mI MiiMS Regulation Act, 1887, Sec. 49, General
Rule as to employment of unskilled workmen.



INDEX II.



CommitteM :

Engine-drivers* certificates, Select Committee

to consider Bill for, 21105.
Eight Hours Committee, statistics as to unskilled

workmen in Fife placed before, 20885.

Discipliiie :

Appointment of better class of under-officials

advocated, 20771 {par, 4).
Character of Scotch miners as to, 21132.
Inspection of mines by Home Office officials,

effect of discipline on extent necessaiy,

21192.

Encinomtn, see title Shafts, sub-heading Overwinding
Accidents.

Foreigii Workmen, emplo^ntnent of, 21114, 21124.
Ankylostomiasis, possible introduction by, 20771

{par. 11), 21137.
Special Rules, translation of, question as to,

21129.

Franco:

Inspectors :

Appointment of, method of, 20787.
Engineers, inspection by, objections to, after

(%urriores disaster, 21010.
Number of, and number in proportion to

persons employed, 20786.

k, IMr., evidence of, reference to, 21078.



Hnnlagt Accidonis :

Number of, in Fife, 20953.

Prevention of, suggestions as to, 20771 {par, 7),

20861.
Bogies, 20771 {par, 7).
Chain braes, 20771 {par, 7).
Chains, 20866.
Character of roads, suggestions as to, 20771

{par, 7), 20950.
Endless rope haulage, 20958.
Manholes, 20862, 20864, 21098.
Responsibility in event of runaways, 21100.
Rubbish, clearing away, 21091, 21098.
Runaway points or slips on main haulage

roads, 20870.
Separate travelling roads, 20862, 20948.
Wheel braes, accidents caused by, 20771

{par. 7), 20953.
Widening of haulage roads, 20771 {par. 7),

20862, 21089.

Intpoction of Minos by Mon :

Amount of work involved, 20815.
Bill promoted by Miners' Fedo^ation, proposals
in, as to appointment of itinerant inspeotoiB
by miners themselves, 21025, 21031, 21164,
21167.
Cost of, borne by men themselves, 20771 {par. 2),
21041.
Miners' Union, cost defrayed by, in Scotland,
if application is made, 20814.
Extent to which power is exercised in Scotland,
20771 {par. 2), 20802, 20909.
Date of last inspection, 20915.
Number of men required to make such inspection,
20817.



WEIR, INr. 4.—cont.

Intpoetion of IViiiitt by Maf>^con/.
Owners and managers •'

Attitude of, and possible effect on
making adverse report, 20771 {par. 2),
20803, 20910, 21035. 21044.
Protection of owners' interests, 21019,
21031, 21164.
Qualifioation of men making such inspections*
20803.
Disqualification of men after making one
inspection, as no longer working miners,
20807.
Engineers' disqualification, 20811, 21019.
Proposals as to, in Bill promoted by Miners'
Federation, 21031, 21164.
Value of this inspection, views as to, 20803,
20910, 21197, 21203.
Instances shoeing, 20916.

Intj^oction of IMinot by IMinot Offioialt :

Act of Parliament : Coal Mines Regulation Aot»
1887, Special Rules 35 to 38 as to firemen's
duties and roadmen's duties, 21054, 21060.

Adequacy of, views on this point, 20771 {par. 3),
20829, 21048.
Method of detecting inadequate inspection,
20834.

Appointment of firemen by manager, objections
to, 20824, 20925.

Districts, size of, reduction advocated, 20629,
20832, 20838.

Duties, other than inspection, performed by
firemen, 20844, 20936.

Hours of work, 20840.

Importance of firemen, 20819.

Qualifications of firemen, class of man appointed,
and views as to whether certificate of
competency is desirable, 20771 {par. 3),
20818, 20924, 20935.

System of inspection, 20829.

Wages of firemen as compared with miners,
20825, 20927.

Intpooton of IMinot (Home Office Inspectors) :

Adequacy of inspection, views on this point,

20771 {par. 1), 20780, 20794, 20973.

Time required for adequate inspection, 20905.

Assistant inspectors, additional, appointment of

working miners holding a certain certificate

advocated, 20771 {par. 1), 20783, 20799,

20897, 20900, 20922, 20986, 21031, 21042,

21157,21161,21192,21197.

Appointment by workmen advocated, 20787.

Firemen or deputies, appointment as, views

as to, 20999.
Number required, 20784, 20786, 20977.
Payment by Government advocated, 20788.
Districts, size of, 20898.

Reduction necessary, 20899.
Number of chief inspectors, 20779, 20897.

Increase not advocated, 21160.
Number of inspections desirable, 20782, 20907,

20979, 21013, 21192, 21200.
Surprise visits, 20796.

IManafore, responsibility of, possible effect on, of
increased inspection of mines, 21013.

PrOMOUtions, advantages of, as compared with fining,
90771 {par. 4).

Quilillcfttiont of Witnou, 20771a.

Railway Engino-drlvon, examination of, question as
to, 21150.



n, IMr., evidence of, reference to, 21<U1,
21132, 21189.

8aloty LamiM :

Gompulsoiy introduction of, views as to, 20771

{par. 9), 21179.
Objections of men to, 21189.
Wages, effect on, 21177, 21189.

8Miitntion, improved, necessity for, and views as to
provision of sanitary conveniences, 20771 {par. 11),
21136.

Shifts, AccMonis in :

Cages:

Gates or bars for, advocated, 20771 {par. 8).
Number of men riding in, 20871.



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545



WEIR, Mr. 4.-cfyra,

Shafts, Accidents In^cont,
Overwinding aoddente :
Snffineoien :

Competenoy of, views ae to, and as to
whether certifioate is desirable, 23877,
20880, 21105, 21107, 21150.
Duties other than winding performed

by, 20882, 20965, 21101.
Hours of work, 20875, 20961.
Special Rules as to duties, 21102.
Strain on nerves owing to increased

output, 20872.
Sudd^ illness, precautions against,

advocated, 20879.
Two enginemen, employment of.
Number of overwinding accidents,

8pMial Raitt:

Application to aU new mines subsequently
opened in a district advocated, 20771 (par. 5).

Discussion between men's representative and
manager or owner advocated, 20771 (par. 6).

Foreign languages, translation into, question
as to, 21129.

Timberinf :

Accidents, number of :

Midland District, as compared with North-
umberland, Durham and Newcastle
Districts, 21082.
Special Rules, reduction of accidents has not
been effected 20849.
Act of Parliament : Coal Mines Regulation Act,
1887, Special Rule 22, amendment suggested,
21086.
Bill promoted by Miners' Federation, suggestion

contained in, 21086.

Person setting, appointment of special men,

views as to whether desirable, 20771 (par, 6),

20849, 20856. 20941, 21068, 21073.

Supervision of, 20771 (par. 6), 20849, 20856, 20942.

Supply of : person taking timber to working place,

21086.
Systematic timbering, advantages of, and views
as to enforcement of, 20771 (par. 6), 20849.

UnskUM Workmtii, employment of, 20885, 21114.
Act of Parliament: Goal Mines Regulation Act,
1887, General Rule as to Timbering, 20889.
Breaches of, 20890.
Misinterpretation of, 20893.
Bill promoted by Miners' Federation, clause as to,

21170.
Boys working with their fathers or others, practice

as to, 20894.
Number employed in Fife District, 20885.

WagM:

Fireman's, as compared with collier's, 20928.

Piecework, 20853.

Safety lamps, use of, effect of, on, 21177, 21189.



WHITEFIELD, Mr. W., Secretary, Bristol Miners'
Association. (/See questions 36206—36673.)

Accidents :

Competitive s3rBtem in relation to, and suggestions
as to nationalisation of mines as a remedy,
36354, 36405, 36417.
Falls of roof and sides, number of would probably
decrease in event of increased inspection and
decreased hours of work, 36568.
Hours of work in relation to, 36513, 36542,
36568.
Greater number of accidents happening in
earlier hours of shift, 36514.
Investigation : Coroner's inquests :

Men's representatives, right to give evidence
advocated, 36362.
Inspection on behalf of men, men
making, right of to appear at inquest
advocated, 36229.
Wages question in relation to, 36356, 36410.

Ankylcttcmiasit :

[ Bristol coal mines, danger of in, 36366.

Sanitary conveniences, provision of, views as to,

36367.
Temperature of mines in relation to, and sugges-
tion as to better ventilation, 36366.



WHITEFIELD, Mr. W.-co;^^

Baths and facilities for drying clothes, provision advo-
cated. 36369, 36493, 36545, 36561 :
Compalsoiy use of baths advocated, 36499.
TraiU'Vay oompjinies, objection to use of cars by
colliers, 36546.

Mf ium : Miners' clothing, regulatiuufv as to diying
at mine and as to clean clothing, 36501.

Coil Mines Regulation Act:

Sec. 42 as to report by inspector of danger or
threatened danger, 36464.
Amendment advocated, 36466.
Sec. 50 as to responsibility of owner, agent or
manager for punishment of men for breaches
of discipline, 36479.

Discipline :

Enforcement, method of, see title Fines.
Importance of, and condition of mines as to, 36475.
Responsibility of owner, agent or m'uiager for
enforcement of, 36479.

Fines :

Advantages of prosecution as compared with
fining, and suggestion as to abolition of fining,
36350, 36394, 36436, 36479, 36535, 36570.

Attitude of men as to, 36353.

Decision as to fining or prosecution should not
rest with owner, 36395.

Employmsnt of man again after prosecution,
36439.

Managers, fining by inspectors, views as to whether
desirable, 36556.

Truck Act in relation to fining, 36483, 36488.

Forest of Dean Miners, views of as to eight hours'
limit, 36503.

Hours of Work : reduction of advocated as probable
means of decreasing number of accidents,
36373, 36405, 36414, 36422, 36503, 36513,
36542, 36568.

Number of hewers, probable effect of reduction
on, 36419, 36427.

Output, possible effect on, 36418.

Period of shift during which accidents most
frequently happen, 36514.

Homss of miners, distance from pit, 36369.

Inspection of Mines by Men :

Coroner's inquests, right of men who have made
this inspection to appear at, advocated, 36229.

Cost of, should be borne by men themselves if
they have appointment of men making in-
spection, 36233.

Extent to which practised, 36524.

Officials, reprisals by, possibility of, 36558.

Owners or managers, reprisals by, possibility of,
36347, 36459, 36527, .

Qualifications of men making inspection, 36225.

Report entered in book, 36525.

Inspection of Mines by Mines Officials :

Adequate inspection, difficulty of under existing

conditions, 36344.
Districts, size of :

Decision as to should rest with Hone Office

inspector, 36343.
Reduction advocated in some instances,
36344, 36442, 36463, 36466.
Qualifications of firemen, class of men appointed :
desirability of examination and certificate of
competency, &c., 36337, 36385, 36440, 36530.

Inspectors, .Home Office :

Adequacy of inspection by, views on this point
and as to what constitutes adequate inspec-
tion, 36211, 36519.
Districts, size of, 36520.
Number of inspections, increase desirable, 36211,

36221.
Number of inspectors, increase, views as to

whether desiraole, 36216.
Qualificatiops of present inspectors, 36522.
Report of danger or threatened danger and
compulsory powers over owner as to remedy,
36464.
Working miners, appointment as advocated,
after examination or with certificate,
36216, 36376, 36443, 36521.
Employment and payment by Government,
advocated, 36381.

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WHITEFIELD, Mr. W.-con/.
MMMgtrs :

Fines, powen to inspector to inflict, views as to

whether desirable, 36556.
Prosecution by inspector, rarity ol, 36554.

Managtr't C«rtifieatt of Competency, number of
working miners holding, 36393.

Nationalisation of mines advocated, 36354, 36506.

PfoeecvtioN:

Advantages of as compared with fines, see title

Fines.
Trade Unions, attitude of, and practice as to

defending members, 36552.

Qualificationt of Witness, 36206.

Safety Lamps, introduction of wherever necessary,
36360.

Sanitary Convenienoei» provision of, views as to
whether desirable, 36367.

Tlmclc Mf provisions of in relation to fining, 36483,
36488.

Wages:

AocidentB m relation to system of day or piece

wages, 36356, 36410.
Proportion of men paid under eaoh system*

36356.
Amount of, 36407.

Wilson, IMr. il., evidence of, reference to, 36460.

WHITEH0U8E, Mr. SAMUEL HENRY, Secretary,
Somersetshire Miners' Association. (See questions
32338—32953.)



Falls of roof and sides, number of, 32537.
Inspection after :

Home Office mspection, 32436. 32835.

Leaving of scene exactly as accident
occurred unti^ after tliis inspection,
32837.
Relatives of miners, inspection by representa-
tives of, suggesticm as to, 32436, 32561.
Investigation :

Coroners' inquests :

Juries, selection, 32442.'
Representatives ol miners and of
relatives, suggestions as to, and as to
abolition of coroner's right of exclusion,
32436, 32558, 32638, 32824.
Second inquiry under Section 45, adequacy of,
32635, 32824, 32938.

Batlis and Wasli-iioiise^ provision ol, views as to
vUethef desirable, 329^, 3295a

Blacic-Danip, question as to, 32948.

Bristol an4 Sonerset District ;

Timbering, Rule 83 as to, 32420.

Oamtrton Explosion : Coroner's inquest, representa-
tion of Trade Union at, 32638.



Extent to which employed, 32496.
InspeotioB ol mineoby, on behaJI ol men, advocated
32487.
eoal HHnos Rofvlatlon Act :

Section 38 as to inspection by mea» am^awlment

advocated, 32385.
SeotioQ 42, as to withdrawal of men and as to

dangerous practices, ^miesidment advocated,

322(78, 32380, 32701.

Dangorous Practicosv application for an injunction in
event of, powers of inspector as to, 32701, 32704.

Disciplino, encouragement by Trade Unions, 32922.

iifilisrt : Training of appientioes, ai^tion of Trade
Union aato^r^"^



explosions, number of, in Sometrset dktriot, 32543.

Plory Mtnot s

Inspectors, E^ecial experience and certificate for

fiery districts advocated, 32344, 32552.
Somerset mines, fiery character of, 32542.



WHITEH0U8E, Mr. 8. H.—cofU.
Finos:'

Advantage of, aa ooitfP^ttBd with pvoseoution
(suggestion as to aboKtioii of fining), 32409,
32508, 32663, 32784, ^2892, 32901.

Attitude of workmen and of Trade Unions as to,
32506, 82893.*

OSences for which imposed, 32507.

St. Helen's Assaciatioii ol Colliery Enginemen :
fining ci men for teaching engine-driving except
to oertun persons, 32908.

Firomon, see tide Inspection of Mines by Mines Officials.

HaulagO AccMontSi prevention of, suggestions as to :
Qualifications of person manipulating appliances,

32427.
Separate traveUing roads or gangway advocated,
32422.

Honios of Winois i

Baths, washing facilities, ^c, 32930.
Distance from pit mouth, 32950.



Inspoctiott of MlBos \K§ nm i

Cost of, home by men thsmaelvos, 32400.
Extent to which practised, 32395, 32487.
Object, chief, of, 32641.

Owners and managers, reprisab by, in event of
unfavourable report, possibility of, 32392,
32488, 32644.
Character note systz^m in relation to, 32492.
Trade Union, support by, of men unjustly
kept out of employment. 32493.
Owners' mterests, protection of, 32918.
Quahfieations of man appointed to make in-
spection, views as to, 32385, 32497, 32914.



Inspoction of Minos by Minoo 01

Adequate inspeetioii, ravofy posafble under

pres^it QQiMlitiQOS, 32544.
BistiiotB of firemen, size of, S2416, 32418, 32545,

32651.
Duties other than iniqpectioii porformed by
firemen, 32417, 32545, 32548, 32724, 32746,
32767.
Sfficiency of firemen, views aa to, and as to
appointment of undesirable men. and
desirability of certificate of competency,
32401, 32404, 32545, 82729, 32741, 32769,
32775, 32881, 32885. .
Local examinations, views as to, 32401,

32405,32446,32552..
Previous experience, qualifying candidate for
examination, 32406.
Importance of firemen as regards safety of mines,

32882.
Number of mspections desirable, 32416, 32421,
32725.

Ittspoctors, Homo Offlco i

Accidents, inspection after, 32436, 3*^35.
Adequacy of inspection by, views on this point*
32353, 32458, 32474.
Complaints as to inadequacy, suggestions as
to method of dealing with. 32372, 39000.
Assistant inspectors or sub-inspeotofs, appoint*

ment not advocated, 32357.
Complaints, anonymous, to, 32645.
Danger, suspension ol woric and withdrawal of
men in event of, suggeetions as to, 32379,
32701.
Distriots, sise of, and snggestioBs »• to division,

3S347, 32350, 32354, 32369, 32451, 32465.
Duties, olerioal, 32456.

Abolition advocated, 32464.
Number, actual, of inspeotiooA by, and number
desirable, 32347, 3fiS352, 32452, 32457, 32464,
32473.
Number ol inspectors, increase advoeated, 32347,

32349, 32369, 3^64, 3d473.
QualificatioBB of : suggestions as to appointment,
examinations, &a, 32332, 32345, 32369,
32651, 32666, 32671.
Previoua experience of candidates, views as
to, 32337, 32341, 32360, 32476, 32649.
32657.
Be-examination eveiy ten years advocated.
32365, 32684.
Reports of, 32464, 32466.
Residence,, place of, 32453.
Retiring aUowance, 32368, 32686.
Salaries, 32362.



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WHITEHOUSE, Mr. S. H.-rcm/.
mtptctort, Homt omtB—cofU,

Term ol appointment, views as to, 32365, 32684.
Working miners, appointment ae inspectors,
views as to, 32337, 32360, 32362, 32649.

Appointment rests with owner, but certificate is

necessaiy, 32877.
Certificate of competency, suggestions as to:
Fiery mines, special cer^cate for, views

as to, 32552.
Local viva voce examinations, 32446, 32449.
Fines, punishment by, no provision for, 32896.



Ftderation 9ff Great Britain, views of, as to
owner's right to propose Special Rules, 32862.

Ntrth Staffordthira : Special Rule as to timbering,
draft of, 32850.

Manbar of pits in Somerset, 32738.

QaaliHaatlORt af WHaatS, 32328, 32682, 32740, 32839,
82911.

8aMy Lanij^ :

Compulsory use of, views as to, 32428.
Extent to which used, 32429, 32541.
Government testing station advocated, 32820.
Types of, views as to, and as to faultiness of

existing types, 32428.
Choice of type should be left to management,

32435.

Sanitary Gonvaniancat, provision of, unnecessary in
Witness's district, 32938.

Spacial RiilaSt introduction of :

Codification of rules in Western district, miners'

suggestions not accepted, 32513, 32601, 32805,

32843, 32859.
Discussion by Joint Committee of owners' and

men's representatives, advocated, 32412.

32513. 32601. 32812, 32863, 32870.
Home Office, suggestion of rules by, views as to,

32865.
Men, proposal by, 32866.
Owners, suggestion by, views as to, 32812, 32861.

TimMring :

Distances, General Rule 22 as to, 32420.
Person setting and supervising, 32414, 32421,
32530, 32817.
More frequent inspection advocated, 32421.
Special Rules :

Bristol and Somerset district, 32420, 32618,

32887.
Difficulty in carrying out some rules, 32876.
Local conditions, consideration of, and strict
enforcement of rules advocated, 32419.
Supphr of timber, 325 iO, 32818, 32887.

Withdrawal of men if supply is insufficient,
e£Fect of, upon wages, 32618, 32844, 32850.
Systematic timbering differing in different
districts, advocated, 32528.

Timsbury Explasian : Inquest, representation of
Trades Union at, 32638.

Un^r-Manacar, certificate for: local and viva voce
examination advocated, 32446, 32449.
Character of present examination, 32885.

UntkllM Labaur, employment of, in mines, 32567,
32789.

Vantttatian, adequacy of, views as to, 32947.

Withdrawal af Man :

Inspectors of mines, powers to, to withdraw men
in event of danger, views as to, 32379, 32701.

Timbering, inadequate, withdrawal of men in
event of, 32618, 32844, 32850.



WILLIAMS, Mr. JOHN,

Officials' Association.
27712.)



South Wales Colliery
(See questions 27511 —



Abareynan Cailiary, haulage accident at, 27711.

Accidanis : Falls of roof and sides :

Attendance, irregular, frequency with which
caused by, 27611 (par. 3), 27531. 27581.
Prosecution for wilful neglect of duty,
existing law as to, 27582.
Indioationa that fall is probable, 27702,



WILLIAMS, Mr. J.-con/.

Amarica, Certificates for coal -getters in, 27608.

Bays :

Examination, compulsory, in provisions of Coal
Mines Regulation Act, before working under-

. ground, cidvocatod, 27549.

Special Rules, instruction as to in schools, advo-
cated, 27511 {par 5).

Gaal Miaas Ragidatiofl Act:

Amendment of by increased poYirers to officials
advocated, 27511 (par, 6).

Instruction in schools as to provisions of, advo-
cated, 27549.

Disaharfa or prosecution of men for wilful misconduct,
suggestion as to, 27627.

DiSCipllna, increased powers to officials for enforce-
ment of, advocated, 27511 (par. 6), 27550, 27627.

Explatives, purchase of, by men from owners advo-
cated, 27611 (par, 2).



Firaman, see iUle Inspection
Officials.



of Klines by Mines

QriflithSy Mr., evidence of. reference to, 27517.

Haulaga :

Abercynon Collieries, accident at, 27711.

Age at which men should be allowed to drive,

27619, 27622.
Certification of hauliers, views as to, 27688,

27616.
Manholes, use of, neglect of by men, and sug-
gestion as to power oi compulsion to
officials, 27511 (par. 4). 27535. 27550.
27626, 27667, 27691, 27705, 27709.
Special Rule 244, strengthening of, advo-
cated, 27554.
Riding on journeys, prosecution for, law as to,

27658.
Widening roads, views as to, 27711.

Inspactian af Minas by Mines Offlcialt :

Age of firemen, limit advocated, 27599.

Importance of firemen, 27600.

Qualification of firemen, class of man appointed

and views as to certificates of competency,

27592, 27602.

Ovarmen :

Night Overman, number of men employed under,

27674.
Number employed, 27676.

Prasaeutian af Man :

Extent to which practised, and views as to
whether desirable, 27662, 27667.

Qualificatiant af Witness, 27512, 27673.

Safety Lam|M :

Type of: Double gauzes not advocated, 27511

(par. 1), 27617.
Unlocking, Special Rule 188 as to, extennion of

prohibition to shot-firer advocated, 27541.

Scliaals in mining districts, instruction in Coal Mines
Regulation Act and Special Rules advocated,
27511 (par. 5), 27649.

Sliat-Firing :

Charging, special officials for, advocated, 27511

(par. 2), 27522.
Safety lamps, unlocking by shot-firer, prohibition

advocated, 27541.

Sautii Wales Calliery Officials' Atsaciatlan :

Number of officials belonging to, 27512.
Witness representative of, 27512, 27513.

Spaeial Rules:

Simplification advocated, 27511 (par. 6), 27539.
Supply of, to men, 27541.



UnskllM Lakaur, employment of :

Attitude of men on this question, 27527.
Competency of present miners, 27612, 27707.
Precautions against, suggestions as to, and as

to certificates, 27511 (par. 4), 27526, 27586,

27606.
Special Rule 282, as to unskilled men working

alone, 27627.

70 a



Digitized by



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548



INDEX II.



WILUAM8, Mr. 4.—cont,
Vtntilation :

Act of Parliament : Coal Minos Regulation Act,
General Rule 1., adequacy of, vieyrs an to, and
as to difficulty of fixing standard of ventilation,
27511 {par, 7), 27555, 27678.
I Safety lamps, indications of gas furnished by,



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