Great Britain. Public Record Office.

Calendar of State Papers, Colonial Series ... preserved in the Public Record Office online

. (page 82 of 104)
Online LibraryGreat Britain. Public Record OfficeCalendar of State Papers, Colonial Series ... preserved in the Public Record Office → online text (page 82 of 104)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


transporting of freight goods hence to Gombroon cannot choose but
be a great hindrance to their southward and Europe investments,
but they are now better informed by our substantial reasons to the



EAST INDIES, 587



1634.



contrary. Maintain there is not in the least kind a jot of disad-
vantage to any of the Company's affairs. Conceive that 20,000^
may be yearly invested for the trade between Persia and Masuli-
patam ; but it must be sent in gold coin or bulHon, so as to arrive
in May or June, and give time before December for iuvestment, as
well in Bengala as these parts, in fitting commodities for sale in
Persia. Make no question to perform what they have herein pro-
mised were it for triple the sum, for they are to deal only in fine
goods, such as in four or five months may be procured to an extra-
ordinary amount, witness the abundance of rich bales yearly brought
by Moors, &c. about Golconda and transported on the Company's
ships for Gombroon ; but admit that through any unexpected
accident they should not be able to invest all this great sum., the
remainder will be never the further from employment in Persia
than if sent by way of Surat. Intend this year to make trial of
10,000?. that way, 5,000Z. whereof the Jewel brought, and the rest
tliey hope to receive for freight goods in the Discovery, sent from
Surat, at their earnest request, for transportation of Moors' goods.
The v/hole proceeds of this investment the President and Council
desire to have left in Persia at their disposure, to help clear their
great debt in Surat. And because this advice cannot arrive timely
for their Worships to fit them with means to go on with this trade
the following year, have intreated the President and Council to send
8,000L or lO,000Z. of the money expected on the next fleet for
Surat, which the ship appointed to carry freight goods from this
place may take in from the Europe fleet at the Isles of Comoro,
and be here with it next September ; meanwhile can be buying
goods for Persia with part of the money tlie Company promise to
send them direct. The Di.scovery, with freight goods for Persia,
and the Jewel for Bantam, shall both receive dispatch by the fine
of next month. The Speedwell arrived from Bantam 12th Aug. last,
with cloves, sugar, tortoise shells, &e. to the amount of 11,275 ryals
of 8, which vessel, by reason of the abundance of people and store
of freight goods awaiting passage to Persia, they intend shall accom-
pany the Discovery to that place, with all the sugar, part of the
gumlac, and other coarse goods, to be forthwith sold and the proceeds
returned on her by April or May next on the account of this factory,
" At her back arrival " think to send her into Bengala, where in a
dry dock she may be new sheathed and trimmed at a small charge,
and sent back with rice, &c., which v/ill clear all her expense, and
then she will be fit for another voyage to Persia next year. The
pinnace Thomas is ordained to stay in Bengala till middle of Jan.,
to take in what cloth, cotton yarn, sugar, and gumlac can possibly
be got ready, and then repair to Masulipatam and Armagon to fill
up with cloth, and be dispeeded for Bantam 1st Feb., that she may
arrive timely to lade the Palsgrave for England. Will entertain
the pinnace Marigold for some months betwixt this and the bay, to
acquaint themselves thoroughly with that part of the coast, and try
whether it be possible to ply to Bengala against the monsoon. Most
of the cloth and lead that came on the Swan was sent into Bengala,
whence they have no notice of its sale, unless lately of part of the



588 COLONIAL PAPEES.

1634.

lead at 10 rupees the Jahanguir maund. Her small parcel of coral
sold to good profit in Masulipatam at 45 pag. this maund, about
28 lbs. English, and in Golconda at 50 pag. ; and because more was
desired the President and Council supplied them by the Hart with
10 chests of coral, 10 broad cloths, and 2G0 pigs of lead, all which, with
those landed from the Jewel, were lately dispeeded for Golconda
in charge of Factors, Thos. Rogers and Aaron Baker, of whose
arrival without the least disturbance on the way or demand of any
duties they have notice, and of their courteous entertainment in
Elchibeague's house, who will not suffer them to lodge elsewhere, but
know not yet what proffers they have had for their goods ; yet
presume on this new trade at Golconda to intreat the Company by
the next ships to send 10 chests of fine coral from 6s. to 14s. the lb.,
five chests from 3s. to 6s., 20 pieces fine stammels of a deep colour,
which is more looked to than fineness, from 16^. to 181. the piece, one
piece fine green, 300 great pigs of lead, four chests of Rs., and what
gold the Company please. Most of the Swan's cloth was " very
much defected " by moths, but the Jewel's seems reasonably well
conditioned outwardly. The Swan's gold likewise found so dead a
vent as they were forced to run at interest all the year long to buy
goods and defray charges ; but this year have delivered the greatest
part of the Jewel's gold on contracts of cloth for Persia and Bantam,
BO as there is none I'emaining, and a far greater quantity " would
now off at good rates." Matters being thus settled, and the trade
daily increasing and spreading into many unwonted limbs, greatly
need a supply of able men fit to undergo each his several employment,
for divers of these would gladly, after so many years' absence,
re-enjoy the sight of their parents and country. Agent Thomas
Joyce, having served on his last contract near upon seven years at
very small means, only attends the firm settling of those new actions,
and then intreats leave to resign. Nathaniel Wyche, on his way
homeward in the Hart, was intreated to accept the accounts in
Masulipatam till some other might arrive. Ralph Cartwright, chief
in Bengala, earnestly intreated license to depart last year, but was
persuaded to stay till this time, and now again have desired his
abode for other 12 months, but have not his answer yet. Some
others desire to be homeward, but must abide till their rooms can
be supplied. Enclose a list of the Factors here, and of how many
are required for this coast and Bengala. Lament to hear in what a
weak state the ships from Bantam yearly arrive on the coast of
England, and think a great part might with much more conveniency
be dispeeded from Masulipatam, where they might be fitted at very
cheap rates, with all things tending to the preservation of men's
healths, and be sent as timely as if they were to sail directly from
the southwards. Intend to write about this to the Agent and
Council at Bantam by the Jewel. Are persuaded the Discovery
must next year be sent to the southwards for her lading, for there
is no hopes of any quantity of goods for her in Surat, and will be
appointed to touch here to take in goods for England. If the Agent
at Bantam should appoint her stay here, and send two small ships
with 350 or 400 tons of pepper and cloves to put into her, would



EAST INDIES. 589



1634.

make no doubt to procure the rest of her lading in cloth, sugar,
cotton yarn, and gumlac, and dispeed her for England by middle of
Dec. at furthest ; one of these two should be presently returned with
goods to be sent for Macassar with the fiist of the monsoon, and the
other either attend the remainder of that investment or be employed
for Persia. Last year the Swan's boat, sent on shore for water, was
surprised in Bengala by some of the King of Arracan's gelliaes of
war, three men killed, and the rest carried to Piplee, in Bengala,
where a Portugal Captain from Macassar redeemed them for 400 nip.,
which was presently sent him from Balasore, and their people
returned to the ship. For which affront to foi'ce satisfaction are
resolved to make " lawful purchase " of whatsoever junks they can
meet with belonging to Ari-acan. Some of those vessels were in
this road last year, and made all means to procure their passes for
quiet return. But would not be drawn thereunto until they had
paid the 400 rup., when we granted them our " coules " for passage
to Arracan only, but next monsoon shall attend them again on this
coast. The Speedwell arriving before the Agent and Council at
Bantam, had notice of the Company's displeasure against her master.
Will. Minors, arrested him according to orders, and in his room
appointed his mate, Christopher Morris, seized upon and sealed up
all his papers, which with himself intend to send to the southwards
on the Jewel and have brought his goods, only sugar, to the Com-
pany's account. Intend to send transcripts of all their proceedings
, since their coming to this place on the Jewel to Bantam. Intreat a

convenient quantity yearly of paper and quills, for they are driven
to buy it of seamen and others at triple the prime cost in England.
Endorsed, " R. by the Jonas ^^ August 1635." 17 pp. [0. C,
Vol. XV., IS'o. 1536.]

Oct. 31. 617. Court Minutes, E. I. Co. Solicitation by divers of their

servants returned in the Mary for remission of freight on private
trade ; Mountney ordered to pay Custom and bring them up to the
East India House to be viewed. Committees of the Yard intreated
to repair to Blackwall, and if they find the workmen too many,
and work unnecessary, to dismiss the one and suspend the other till
the day's grow longer. Request of Billingsley to suspend their suit
against him for his brother-in-law Collins's debt till his daily
expected return from New England, answered that before he
entered into bond he was told they looked not on Collins but on
him for satisfaction ; Acton ordered to proceed against him on his
bond. Request of the brother and executor of Tho. Rosse, deceased
in Persia, for a sight of his brother's accounts ; Committees intreated
to prepare them for the Court. Securities allowed for 100 bags of
pepper for transportation. Wages to be paid to John Hutchins and
John Clarke, and what shall be found due to Mary, widow of John
Berryman. Account presented by the Auditors of Henry Sill's
estate, by which it appears there is coming to George Sill, his
administrator, BOOl. odd, but he pretending to a greater sum desired
leave to choose an Auditor to examine the accounts; the Court
ordered a copy of the accounts to be given to him, to which he might



5^0 COLONIAL PAPEKS.

1684.

make his exceptions, but to admit him an Auditor to review those
accounts, they thought a disparagement to the Committees' and
Auditors' reputations. Note presented of 40 barrels of powder re-
turned by Mrs, Collins amended ; ordered that any more unservice-
able powder at the Wall be forthwith delivered to her. 2 pp. [Ct.
Min. Bk, X v., 79, 80.]

Nov. 7-12. 618. Court Minutes, E. I. Co. There being a great want of
compass timber in the yard, the buying of a bargain offered at
reasonable rates is referred to Capt. Styles and Mr. Mun. Resolved
that Mr. Walton and all others who by their absence from town
had no knowledge of the time fixed for underwriting now expired,
be admitted to turn over the profits of their adventures in the
Persian voyages to the Joint Stock. Accounts of Henry Sill,
deceased, presented, and copy to be delivered to his brother and
executor to peruse. Robert Tumor recommended by Sir Wm.
Russell for a Purser's place, to come again when tbey make their
election. Accounts of Capt. Moreton produced, and Sir John Watts
as a creditor and Mr. Moreton as executor being present and
desiring satisfaction of what is due, the Court declared the dis-
service of Capt. Moreton by causing the Great James to lose her
monsoon to the loss and prejudice of the Company of above 20,000?.,
but also the great and excessive private trade sold from said ship at
Bantam to the hindrance of the sale of the Company's goods ; that
whatsoever is in their hands of his estate is far short to make
reparation for the intolerable damage they have sustained. The
particulars of his private trade and other complaints against him
read out of the black book appeared so great and notorious that
both Sir John Watts and Moreton jointly in treated the Court to take
commiseraticm of his creditors ; whereupon in regard Capt. More-
ton lost his life in their service, and in favour to his creditors,
informed to be many, resolved to deal more gently with him, and
impose only 200/. to be deducted out of his accounts, and the rest
to be paid to his executor. The provision of biscuit for the Surat
fleet referred wholly to Mr. Cockayne. Offer of Mr. Clifton, for-
merly dismissed for serving bad biscuit, to serve them at 15s. per
cwt., whilst Mr. Kidden would not serve them under 16s. Securities
allowed for three lots of 50 bags of pepper. One- third of their wet
pepper sold to Alderman Garwaie to be paid for as the rest should
be sold for hereafter. John Gidding, recommended by Mr. Clarke
as cliief Surgeon's Mate in the William, wished to procure a certi-
ficate from the Company of Surgeons. Ordered the William be
not launched till the lead for her kintledge be put aboard. Com-
mittees for lead desired to provide and send it to Blackwall with
all speed. Requests of the sister and executrix of Edward Heynes,
deceased in Persia, to reserve the jewels till it appear by next
year's accounts to whom they belong, and in regard young Hunger-
ford is not of age, they would detain the money challenged by him
for the plate given by her brother till some other on his behalf
engage to free her from payment again ; ordered to be registered
and observed accordingly. Note presented by Webb of the produce



East ii^dies. 591



1634.



of their beef" and pork lately killed at Blackwall, distinguishing the
serviceable and tainted, and the buteliers questioned ; it appeared that
the fault is partly in their killing one day more than their usual
stint, and partly by the M'ilfulness of Webb ; resolved that the tainted
be forthwith given to the poor, and the serviceable stowed upper-
most in the ships to be spent in harbour and when first at sea.
Motion of Mr. Treasurer to endeavour to lessen the charge at
Blackwall, hardly a week passing but he pays 200?. and more;
Wednesday appointed to examine the work, workmen, and officers
there.

Nov. 12. Acton's bill of 101. 10s. 6d. for law charges to be paid.
Consideration of the examinations of those questioned before Sir
Hugh Hammersley about the two bales of silk stolen out of the Mary ;
to advise with Counsel what course to take against the offenders.
Request of Mr. Caron for leave to transfer the profits of his adven-
ture in the particular voyages into the Old Joint Stock, having
never known of the order till the expiration of the time, referred
to the General Court. Next he desired that the difference between
the Company and his brother-in-law, John Fowkes, be accommodated
in a friendly way ; being demanded, he oS'ered to pay 3001. so that
Fowkes be freed from the debt and decree, which was utterly
rejected, wishing him to trouble himself no further in the business
unless prepared to offer a better composition. Consideration of
how the moneys weekly issued out of the Treasury to Mr. Young
were disbursed ; the Court, though no way doubting his faithfulness,
observed that many payments are not proper to the account of
Blackwall, and directed that henceforward bills of the brewer, baker,
or for provisions at sea be brought to the Court to be allowed, and
then paid by Mr. Treasurer ; that Young's commission be only to
pay the workmen at Blackwall, Woolwich, and other petty sums ;
and that he present his book every Friday to Mr. Treasurer for his
disbursements to be examined with his receipts. Steevens ques-
tioned and much blamed for the extraordinary charge of the little
dock now repairing, which he persuaded the Court would not cost
above 150?., but now stands them in above 500Z., and yet not
finished ; he seemed for his justification to lay some aspersion on
Fotherby, who understood not the service and would not be con-
formable to Steevens' directions, but the Court on examination
observed this complaint rather savoured of spleen than truth, and
advised Steevens to carry himself more temperately and to attend
only to his particular place and, in conclusion, admonished both to
agree lovingly together, and not by dissension put them to needless
expense, and for the dock ordered that so soon as the doors be hung
up, no more work be done till the spring. Report of those desired
to view the Exchange that she will not be fitting for another
voyage, the estimate for her repair being above 4,000?. ; resolved to
defer breaking her up till the spring. Committees intreated to take
a view of the workmen at daily pay at Blackwall and of their
servants that have salaries, and report whether any may be spared.
Securities allowed for 179 bales of the silk bought by Alderman
Garwaie. The two bales of Bengala silk sent as a muster in tho



59^ COLONIAL PAPERS.

1634.

Mary ordered to be divided to Araham Beck, Capt. Milward, and
Mr. Davies at 20s. per lb. to make trial of before sending out the
next ships. Securities allowed for 360 bags of pepper for transporta-
tion, and 10 hhds. of dust of cloves. Notice taken by Sir Hugh
Hammerslej' of the intention to send this year but one ship to Surat
with 100,O00Z. quick stock, that he conceived it very dangerous to
send a single ship with so great a charge without a consort in respect
of the enemy and in case she should spring a leak ; how dishonour-
able it will be so much to decline from their former number of ships,
and how con.siderable to think that the state of their affairs abroad
in regard of their great debt and of the adventurers at home to
depend on the good or bad succeso of this one ship, for if she should
miscarry, it may endanger the utter overthrow of the trade ; there-
fore for these and many other reasons, he advised them to send the
stock in two bottoms, which besides the more security against the
common enemy, will help one another in ease of disaster at sea.
The Court then fell into a serious consideration and argued and
disputed this proposition at large, and by erection of hands it was
ordered to send two ships this year, whereof the William to be one
and the other of 300 or 400 tons, and to make inquiry forthwith
where any such vessel is to be bought. 11 pp. \_Gt. Min. BJc.,XV.,
81-91.

619. Kholliff Beague to Mullick Burquordar. " The Zimeedars
Peon, that belongs to the Coatwall, with whom and the Enghsh
there was a quarrel in which there was a man killed, concerning
which advice was sent, undoubtedly you are acquainted therewith.
Two days after I arrived in Balasore town, and on my arrival the
English chief came and visited me, but it being the first time of our
meeting I said not anything to him, though afterwards I was
urgent to the Vuckeel to bring him that had committed the murder
to appear in Council." [" Clause of letter."] A clause of Mullick
Burquordar's answer. " In that you have been urgent to the
English in this case you have done well. I formerly writ to you
about this, that these people are proud through their riches ; without
scaring them a little they can't keep civil ; always be frightening
them about this murder that they may keep quiet." 1 p. [0. C,
Vol. XV., No. 1537.]

Nov. 14-19. 620. Court Minutes, E. I. Co. Report of Willyams that he hath
audited Mountney's accounts, and finds very fair vouchers for each
parcel, and nothing done but what becomes an honest able man ;
ordered that henceforth all payments for goods bought of mariners
issue immediately out of the Treasury, and that Young and Mount-
ney from time to time attend Mr. Treasurer with their books.
Ordered that the Auditors make up an account what has accrued in
two years by goods bought of mariners, broaks and fines, and Com-
mittees intreated to examine and report how they find the same.
Request of Capt. Pynne for abatement of his fine, presenting a note
of charges for his goods seized at Soale amounting to 181. ; which
demands the Court did not condescend to, yet in regard of his
extraordinary services bestowed upon him 100 nobles over ancl



EAST INDIES. 593

1634.

above what they had formerly concluded, and ordered his account
to be cleared. Offer by Capt. Crispe, of the ship Crispian of 400
tons which wanted little or nothing to set her to sea, for 4,000i. ;
but this rate was deemed over great. Offer by Mr. Cockayne, of
another ship of 240 tons for 1,600/., free of all charges to go to sea
which seemed better ; ordered that an inventory of both ships be
presented to the Court, and that Swanley and Steevens view them
or any others they hear of. Eequest of Alexander, brother and
administrator of Tho. Rosse, deceased in Persia, to receive what was
due to his brother, whereupon Sambrooke presented an account of
270Z. on account of mariners, and until they come home the Court
could not make payment thereof. Next that he had underwrit to
adventure 5001. in the Joint Stock to be paid part by wages, whereof
but 62/. 10s. is paid, yet ordered that Rosse have a copy of his
brother's account and inventory. The Auditors required to make
up a general account of all the Company's estate sent out an'd
returned since Wylde's return. Peter Mundy requested delivery
of his indigo and calicoes, and payment of his wages ; the Court
taking notice Sir Paul Pinder had seriously recommended him in
private for the Company's favour, ordered that his accounts be cast
up against next Court. Request of John, brother of Andrew Wood
now in Scotland, executor to Andrew Wood, Minister deceased in
the Indies, to receive what is due on Mr. Wood's account, but the
Court, unsatisfied whether he bad power, referred the business till
certificate come out of Scotland. The remainder of Henry Sill's
estate amounting to 3571. 2s. 4<d. to be paid to his brother George,
so he would give a general release, which he refused.

Nov. ] 9. [Acton's ?] bill of U. for law charges to be paid. Swanley
and Steevens to view Mr. Cockayne's ship the Neptune, also the
Sampson and Exchange, and report what they are worth, and which
fittest for the Company's service. 34 pp. [Ct. Min. Bk, X V., 91-94.]

Nov. 21. 621. Court Minutes, E. I. Co. Petition of Robert Staunton
who went out gunner in the Charles and returned in the Mary to
receive his full wages ; answered they would pay till the burning of
the Charles but no longer, in regard he came home as a passenger.
John Berry, a Minister of Exeter, admitted to turn over the remains
of his adventures in the voyages into the Joint Stock, according to
the order of the General Court, though the time limited is long
expired, in regard he knew not of the order. Request of Mr. Moreton
for remission of part of the fine lately imposed od Capt. Moreton's
estate for private trade " denied by hands." Mr. Governor desired
to know what business he should impart to the Quarter Court in
the afternoon ; be remembered but two things, the ship they intend
to buy, and that all their pepper is underwrit. The Court conceived
this day a day to receive propositions from the Generality rather
than to propound anything to them. Report of Swanley and
Steevens concerning the ships Neptune, Crispin, Sampson, and
Exchange ; resolved to treat for the Crispin if she may be had for
2,800/. at most, then to ofier 2,000/. for the Exchange, and that all
diligence be used not to lose next spring to bring the ship into dock,
U 67073. P P



594 COLONIAL PAPEES.

1634.

which if omitted will be a hindrance of 14 or 20 days to the voyage.
A fair offer of Alderman Garway to set out the Exchange at freight,
manned with 100 men, and to stay a year in the country, but the
Court rather inclined to buy the ship. Offer of Messrs. Evelyn and
Pigott to buy all their saltpetre and pay for same in powder.
Committees intreated to confer, and if their offer be not reasonable,
the Company to be suitors to the Lords for leave to work out their
saltpetre. Ordered to pay ISl. 7s. 4:d., the remainder of Robert
Mullins' account for mending the dam head of the pond at Chil-
worth, and new making the grates. On petition of William, brother
and administrator of Edward Prescott, deceased, 1001. to be paid on
his brother's account. Complaint of the brother and administrator of
Thos. Rosse that on perusal of his brother's account he find s many things
wanting that he carried out with him and other things rated at far less
than they cost in England ; for the first the Court promised to ques-
tion Gosnell the Purser at his return, but for undervaluing the goods
they could allow no more than the rates expressed in the accounts,
and so ordered shall be paid to him, so as he first bring in the money



Online LibraryGreat Britain. Public Record OfficeCalendar of State Papers, Colonial Series ... preserved in the Public Record Office → online text (page 82 of 104)