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O. I. T. Export Control

Procedure Sought

Immediate improvement of the
new export control procedure an-
nounced recently by the Office of
International Trade in Washing-
ton, D.C., is sought in recommen-
dations made by the World Trade
Association and the San Francisco
Chamber of Commerce.

• Under the O.I.T.'s newly-estab-
lished procedure, orders must be
confirmed and end use of exported
products certified before a license
can be granted to an American ex-
porter; new price criteria make it
mandatory to show total price of
product; and a great deal of
authority is granted foreign gov-
ernment embassies and their pur-
chasing commissions over export
licenses.

The Chamber recommended the aban-
donment of the new price criteria, de-
claring that the practice of granting li-
censes on the basis of the lowest price
tends to discriminate against merchant
exporters in favor of manufacturing ex-
porters. It is also maintained that the
practice may open the door to practices
which would require an impracticable
amount of enforcement and compliance.

• "Competition in the foreign markets
takes care of price limitation as no
other method can," the Chamber stated.

Objections were also registered to the
procedure of making a confirmed order
mandatory on the grounds that by the
very nature of the export business a
confirmed order generally cannot be ob-
tained until an export license is ob-
tained.

• Pointing out that such factors as
judging between brands of goods and
establishment of conditions of delivery
were matters of competition inherent in
private trade, the Chamber declared
that the strict control exercised by for-
eign governments over these factors in
export licensing should be eliminated.



Need for intensified port promotion and advertising as well as a thor-
ough analysis of methods of charging for extra services was recognized
today in a report by three s taff experts of the San Francisco Chamber

of Commerce.

• The preliminary survey of fac-
tors involved in the reported loss
in tonnage of the Port of San
Francisco revealed that 1929 was
the pre-war peak year for the port,
with some 14,419,156 tons of cargo
handled that year.

The Chamber's study cites as
reasons for the decline:

1. The war.

2. Economic upheaval.

3. Governmental policies.

4. Relief shipments to Europe.

5. Inadequate advertising, pro-
motion and solicitation.

6. Diversion of cargoes to other
Bay Area ports.

7. Aggressive Gulf and Atlan-
tic competition.

8. Development of direct East
Coast-Orient shipping.

9. Past labor unrest.

10. Methods of charging and de-
lays in billing.

11. Multiplicity of port owner-
ships and business methods.

The preliminary report was
prepared by Walter A. Rohde,
manager of the Chamber's Trans-
portation Department; G. L. Fox,
manager of the Chamber's Indus-
trial Department; and Alvin C.
Eichholz, manager of the World
Trade Department of the Cham-
ber. The survey was submitted to
Chamber General Manager, Louis
B. Lundborg. It will be forwarded
by Lundborg to the Chamber's
Merchant Marine and Harbor
Committee and World Trade Com-
mittee for further study and ac-
tion.



Agricultural And
Business Leaders To
Meet; Luncheon Slated

Northern and Central California's
first Agricultural-Business Confer-
ence will be held Tuesday, Febru-
ary 10, in the St. Francis Hotel, it
was announced today by W. P.
Fuller Brawner, President of the
San Francisco Chamber of Com-
merce.

• Purpose of the Conference, under
the leadership of John E. Pickett,
Conference chairman, is to explore
mutual problems of San Francisco
business and neighboring agricul-
tural interests. Participants will be
top San Francisco businessmen and
outstanding agricultural leaders.

Following the morning session,
in the hotel's Italian Room, a
luncheon will be held in the Colo-
nial Room. Guest speaker will be
Paul C. Smith, editor of the San
Francisco Chronicle.

"This conference is being planned
as a yearly event to implement the
Chamber's present agricultural
program," said Brawner. "We be-
lieve it will enable both farmer
and businessman to work even
more closely together than be-
fore."

Luncheon tickets can be obtained
through the Public Affairs Department
of the San Francisco Chamber of Com-
merce, 333 Pine Street, EXbrook 2-4511,
Ext. 43. Cost of tickets is $2.58, tax in-
cluded.

Conference sessions, other than the
luncheon, are open only to participants.



Plan Now For Bay Area Industrial Exposition-July 2-9,1948



BAY REGION BUSINESS




Thursday, January 29, 1948

Western States Group
Acting To Speed
Alaska Development

Action to speed the economic de-
velopment of Alaska was taken at
a meeting of the Board of Direc-
tors of the Western States Council,
according to an announcement by
Louis B. Lundborg, president of
the council, and general manager
of the San Francisco Chamber of
Commerce.

* Following its meeting in Port-
land with Alaska civic and mili-
tary leaders, the Board voted to
place before its membership a
series of recommendations aimed
at building up the civilian econo-
my of the Territory.

Alaskan leaders attending the meet-
ing cited transportation needs and the
confusion of land laws as the greatest
obstacles in the way of Alaska's full de-
velopment. It was pointed out that
while more than 65 per cent of all
products sold in Alaska are manufac-
tured or produced in California, San
Francisco, Los Angeles and Portland
are being discriminated against through
steamship service contracts which give
Seattle a monopoly.

The Board will also recommend ex-
tensive revision 'of Alaska's land laws
and so-called aboriginal land claims.
Alaskans claim the laws must be clari-
fied before private capital will be will-
ing to complete many investments now
under consideration.

Six Downtown Traffic
Improvements Urged



William F. Minehan, chairman, 1948 World Trade Week Joints out strategic location of

San Francisco as world trade center to Virginia Pbilhps, "M,ss San Franctsco, as plans for

a city-wide celebration of the event get underway.



Pillar Point Breakwater
Sought by S. F. Chamber



Construction of the Pillar Point
Breakwater Project in the Half
Moon Bay Area is being sought by
the San Francisco Chamber of
Commerce.

• Chamber testimony supporting
the project was presented last
week before a hearing of the Board
of Engineers for Rivers and Har-
bors in Washington, D.C.

The project, as approved by 'the Dis-
trict Engineer, tJ. S. Army, calls for a
breakwater extending 2500 feet south
from Pillar Point with an eastern arm
of 2000 feet. A second breakwater
would extend 4400 feet from shore, leav-
ing a gap of 1000 feet for a harbor en-
trance.



World Trade Week
Plans Told At Meeting

Opening gun in a campaign to
make National World Trade Week,
May 16-22, "the most potent reason
for people to visit this city since
the 1939 Fair" was fired Monday of
last week at a special luncheon
meeting of the Chamber's World
Trade Association, when the or-
ganization presented plans for the
event to its membership.

It was pointed out that 1948 World
Trade Week will be made an all-out
citywide event rather than a financial
district celebration.

The national slogan of World Trade
Week is "World Trade Makes Good
Neighbors." In San Francisco, however,
this will be subordinated to the line
"Meet Me in San Francisco — May 16 to
22— Celebrating California's Centennial
of World Trade."



Six downtown traffic improve-
ments were urged today by Henry
E. North, chairman of the Traffic
and Highway Committee of the
San Francisco Chamber of Com-
merce.

• The suggestions, made by North
in a meeting with Chief of Police
Michael Mitchell last week, were:

1. Police action to eliminate double
parking.

2. Reduction of most of the present
40-minute parking limits to a shorter
period to permit greater turnover in
parking.

3. "Hooding" of California Street
parking meters between Larkin and
Van Ness between the hours of 4:30 and
6:30 p.m. to prevent use during traffic
peak. With the exception of this area,
there is at present a "no stopping" ban
on California Street between those peak
hours.

4. Elimination of left-hand turns
wherever needed to correct traffic jam-
ming.

5. A re-survey of available loading
zones.

6. Enforcement of pedestrian regula-
tions, with particular emphasis on jay-
walking.



Thursday, January 29, 1948



DAY REGION BUSINESS



The
Future . . .




Looks
Bright!



BAY REGION BUSINESS



Thursday, January 29, 1948



National Retail
Merchants Day Adopted



The idea of a "National Retail
Merchants Day," suggested by
D. P. Street, managing director,
Retail Merchants Association of
the San Francisco Chamber of
Commerce, has been adopted by
the membership of the National
Association of Retail Secretaries.
• The proposal was made by Street as
a means of acquainting the public with
the proper place of distribution in the
nation's economy and to promote under-
standing of the merchants' efforts to
best serve the interest of the consumer.

After endorsement of the proposal by
Lew Huhn, president. National Retail
Dry Goods Association, and by cham-
bers of commerce and retail associa-
tions throughout the nation, the idea
was adopted at the recent annual meet-
ing of the N.A.R.S. in New York.

The San Francisco Chamber inaugu-
rated "Retail Merchants Day" last sum-
mer when N.R.D.G.A. President Lew
Hahn spoke before a luncheon meeting
of 500 San Francisco businessmen.



Tribute To Jesse Colman



A luncheon for the Honorable
Jesse C. Colman, member of the
Board of Supervisors for the past
26 years, will be held in the Colo-
nial Room, St. Francis Hotel, Wed-
nesday, February 4.
• The luncheon will honor Colman
for his outstanding contributions
to the welfare of San Francisco.

Tickets are $2.25 each and can be ob-
tained through the Committee on Ar-
rangements, Jesse C. Colman Luncheon,
Room 700, 111 Sutter St.



"Portrait of a City"

Additional quantities of the
Chamber's brochure, "San Fran-
cisco — Portrait of a City," are
available to business firms at
cost.

• To place your order, telephone
or write the Chamber's Pub-
licity Department, 333 Pine
Street, EXbrook 2-4511.



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Aviation Leaders Meet Commission




Members of the newly-appointed California Aeronautics Commission were guests of the Bay
Area Aviation Committee at the group's recent meeting. Standing, left to right: John Fel-
ton Turner, vice chairman, CAC, Oakland: Norman Larson, CAC, Burbank; Kenneth R.
MacDonald, secretary of the BAAC; Warren E. Carey, executive director, CAC: Bruce
Chinch, CAC, Salinas; David fleet, CAC, San Diego. Seated: Fred Fagg, chairmen,
CAC; and Fred Ellsworth, 1948 chairman of BAAC.

DOMESTIC TRADE TIPS . . .



D-6865— PROFITELL COMPANY, Dayton 2.
Ohio, manufacturers of a draft beer dispensing
meter seeking district manager to organize sales
force, offices, etc., in San Francisco and adjacent
territory.

D-686G— SPARTAN AIRCRAFT COMPANY.
Tulsa, Oklahoma, manufacturers of an all-alumi-
num trailer coach interested in obtaining a fran-
chise dealer to Bay Area.

D-6867— MR. RICHARD GOLDMAN, Goldman-
Schwinger Company, 7C9 Mission Street, San
Francisco, California, desires to establish con-
tact with manufacturers in this area of hand
tools, agricultural equipment and heavy trucks,
for export.

D-6885— MR. ALBERT KURTZON, of the Alkco
Manufacturing Co., 2024 S. Wabash Ave., Chi-
cago, 111., manufacturers of electrical and hard-
ware lines will be in San Francisco the latter part
of January to interview prospective representa-
tives. Appointments made through Myron D. Al-
exander, DO 2-2858.

D-6892— Chance Bros. Ltd., Smethwick. Eng-
land. Mr. John Raymond, c/o Domestic Trade
Department. San Francisco Chamber. Mr. Ray-
mond will be in San Francisco for 5 days starting
Jan. 29 seeking arrangements with local distribu-
tors to handle their varied lines of glass products
in Western States. Company said to be one of
world's oldest and largest manufacturers of glass
products such as: laboratory beakers and flasks



in a hard glass similar to Pyrex ; electric lamp
shades of all kinds; automatically made bowls,
tumblers, etc.. in clear colorless glass; hand press-
ed household specialties of all kinds; ships' navi-
gation lights; railroad signalling lamp glasses;
automatically made tubing in ordinary soda-
lime glass and also in a glass similar to Pyrex.

D-6886— KENMORE METALS CORPORATION.
80 Broad St.. New York 4, New York, seeking
manufacturers' representative to handle their line
of patented pre-plated steel wire.

D-6887— KENAI SALES COMPANY, P. O. Box
563. Seward, Alaska, manufacturers' representa-
tives offer coverage of Alaskan Territory to Bay
Area manufacturers.

Ii-6888— STEINBERGER BROS.. INC., 10 West
33rd St., New York City, New York, looking for
sales representative in the State of C tifornia to
handle their line of yarns suitable for department,
variety and chain store trade.

D-6889— BRUSH & SON, 743 Water St., Port
Huron. Michigan, seeking manufacturers' ; » or
distributor to handle a device of thier manufac-
ture used to prevent accidental dropping of an
electric shaver.

D-6890— DEALERS EQUIPMENT COMPANY,
1335 Market St., Space 568, San Francisco, Calif.,
interested in establishing dealerships for the Ward
Heating Company, manufacturers of floor and
dual wall furnaces, throughout the Northern part
of the State and particularly in the Bay Area.




^ctMne&L



PUBLISHED BY THE



SAN FRANCISCO CHAMBER OF COMMERCE



Volume 5



Thursday, February 5, 1948



Number 6



Winter Market
Week Opens Here;
2000 Displays Shown



Over 3000 retail dealers and buy-
ers registered at San Francisco's
Western Winter Market which
opened early this week according
to Frank K. Runyan, president of
the Western Merchandise Mart.
• Some 2000 manufacturers have dis-
plays during the "seven-markets-in-one "
which feature Market Week — the West-
ern Furniture Market, Western Floor
Covering Show, Western Radio and Ap-
pliance Show, Western Gift and House-
wares Show, Western Decorative Tex-
tile Show, Linens and Domestics Mar-
ket and the Toy and Juvenile Goods
Show.

Attendance at the Western Gift, Jew-
elry, Toy and Housewares Shows, which
opened yesterday, is also expected to
set new records.



New Manufacturing
Census Being Taken



A 1947 Census of Manufactures
is now being taken which will re-
flect the vast changes in the indus-
trial picture of the Pacific Coast.
according to Director J. C. Capt,
Bureau of the Census, Department
of Commerce.

© By means of a questionnaire,
which was mailed to all United
States manufacturers last month,
information will be obtained on
production, employment, wages,
materials consumed, expenditures
for plant and equipment, inven-
tories, and related items. All indi-
vidual reports and figures are held
in strict confidence.

Director Capt has urged that all
manufacturers return their completed
questionnaires promptly in order to
speed up the availability of the results
and keep the costs down.

Manufacturers who have not received
their questionnaires should contact the
Domestic Trade Department of the San
Francisco Chamber of Commerce, 333
Pine Street.



Congressional Review of
Export Licensing Policy Sought

Terming newly-announced export licensing procedures as "impracti-
cal, uneconomical and unrealistic," the San Francisco Chamber of Com-
merce today called upon Congress to review the policies and set limita-
tions on administration of export
controls.

• The new export licensing proce-
dure, as announced January 2 by
the Office of International Trade,
U. S. Department of Commerce,
calls for establishment of new
price criteria based on lowest
price; mandatory confirmation of
orders; and certified end use of
products.

The Chamber called these new meth-
ods a serious threat to the conduct of
world trade through private channels,
and declared that they introduce the
element of foreign government control
over American export business.

Elaborating on this point, Dwight K.
Grady, chairman of the Chamber's
World Trade Committee, said, "The new
licensing policy contains a direct invita-
tion to foreign governments to make
recommendations as to the United
States supplier, thus encouraging un-
scrupulous practices by exporters seek-
ing preference. We can see no need for
such procedure as this will lead to fur-
ther government-to-government deal-
ings and to state trading, all of which
tend to eliminate private enterprise
from foreign trade."

• To substantiate its claims, the Cham-
ber pointed out that the new price cri-
teria principle, which approves licenses
on a lowest cost basis, actually sets the
manufacturing exporter against the
merchant exporter, since manufacturers
are able to quote lower prices than ex-
port merchants.

"With merchant exporters placed in a
non-competitive position, the small and
medium-sized manufacturers who de-
pend on them to handle their export
sales will be threatened with loss of ex-
port markets and be forced to reduce
production and furlough workers."

In answer to the arguments that ex-
ports have created shortages and tended
to inflate prices, the Chamber pointed
out that there were 16 billion dollar ex
ports in 1947 out of a 200 billion dollar
national income, as compared to 4 bil-
lion dollar exports in 1940 out of our
76 billion dollar income.

"This would indicate the 1947 volume
of exports is not in a dangerously high
proportion as supposed, as compared to
1940 figures."




PAUL C. SMITH
Luncheon Speaker



PauS Smith Tc Speak
At Chamber Luncheon



Paul C. Smith, editor of the
San Francisco Chronicle, will
address business and agricultur-
al leaders at a luncheon spon-
sored by the San Francisco
Chamber of Commerce, Tues-
day, February 10, at the St.
Francis Hotel, according to an
announcement by Chamber
President W. P. Fuller Brawner.
• The luncheon will mark Northern
and Central California's first Agri-
cultural-Business Conference at which
mutual problems of business and ag-
ricultural interests will be discussed.

Tickets for the luncheon are still
available and can be purchased
through the Public Affairs Depart-
ment of the Chamber. Cost of tickets
is $2.58, tax included.



BAY REGION BUSINESS



Thursday, February 5, 1948



General Business Activity

Thumb Nail Sketch: by the Research Department



• TREND

The year 1947 marked another
outstanding period in San Fran-
cisco progress. Many important
fields reported marked improve-
ments over the preceding year.
Rising prices and decreased pur-
chasing power of the dollar, how-
ever, were responsible for some of
the dollar volume gains. Our Index
at 295.4 at the end of December
reached an all-time monthly high
—73 per cent above last Decem-
ber—and carried the 12 months
average to 231.5, or 6.2 per cent
above a year ago.

San Francisco residential population
on January 1, 1948, was estimated at
807,700 by the Research Department.
This included 794,000 civilians and 13,-
700 military personnel. Compared to a
year ago, there was no appreciable
change in the number of civilians bu
the resident military drooped 5,000. At
the close of the war, August 1. 194o,
the V. S. Census placed San Francisco
population at 827,400, of which 767,647
were civilians and 59,753 resident mili-
tary. A gain of 26,353 civilians since the
end of the war has been more than on-
set by the 46,053 shrinkage of resident
military population. However, despite
the emigration of service personnel sta-
tioned here at the close of the war, the
net population change is less than 3 per
cent, indicating the substantial popula-
tion gain made during the war period
is being consolidated into the permanent
economy of the City.
• EMPLOYMENT

Employment in San Francisco during
December 1947 was estimated at about
400 000 persons or nearly 10,000 above
the' July level of 390,000. At the same
time the California State Employment
Service estimated there were about 20,-
800 unemployed. This would amount to
about 5 per cent of the total labor force.
Approximately one-half of those not
working were covered by unemployment
insurance.

In July, employment In San Francisco was dis-
tributed 'approximately as follows: All manufactur-
ing, IS per rent; retail trade, 14 per cent; whole-
sale trade, 12 per cent; transportation, communi-
cations and utilities. 11 per cent; finance, insur-
ance and real estate. 8 per cent; service, 10 per
cent; construction, 7 per cent; government, in-
cluding City, State and Federal, 11 per cent; and
miscellaneous, 9 per cent. Placements reported by
the C'.S.E.S. in San Francisco during the year
totaled 46,359, of which 34,902 were industrial
and 11,457 commercial placements. Commercial
placements continued at a lively pace and were
only 2.7 per cent below the preceding year. Em-
ployment in industry appeared more stabilized
than a year ago as industrial placements were
off 15.8 per cent.
• MANUFACTURING

The manufacturing industries in the
San Francisco Bay Industrial Area dur-
ing 1?47 employed 9.5 per cent more
workers on the average, and the pay-
rolls averaged 23.4 per cent above the
preceding year. The State Department
of Industrial Relations reported Decem-
ber factory employment at 120.800, No-
vember 11*9,300 and 122,100 in Decem-



ber last year. The non-durable group
in December accounted for 57,300 —
practically identical to December a year
ago; and the durable group 63,500 em
ployees, 1,400 fewer than last year.
Weekly earnings averaged $61.95 in De-
cember, $58.98 in November and $53.54
in December last year. Hourly earnings
averaged $1,560 in December compared
to $1,536 in November and $1,369 last
December. Hours worked per week av-
eraged 37.7 in December, 38.4 in No-
vember and 39.0 in December last year.

During 1947, 97 industrial expansions to cost
$13,812,200 and 105 new plants to cost $2,652,000
were announced for San Francisco. At the same
time Bay Area developments showed a total of
SB4 projects with outlays of $126,067,750, of
which 272 were plant expansions and 392 new
industries.

• CONSTRUCT/ON - REAL ESTATE

San Francisco in 1947 chalked up an-
other great year in its history of con-
struction and real estate activity. There
were 8,570 building permits issued,
amounting to $46,183,464. This was an
increase of 5.9 per cent in number and
9.3 per cent in amount over 1946. Resi-
dential construction accounted for prac-
tically one-half of the total value and
provided 2,938 dwelling units, of whiui
2.204 were single-family units. Non-resi-
dential construction accounted for 250
permits amounting to $17,833,900 — 17
per cent in number and 11.2 per cent in
amount fewer than 1946. Permits for
additions, alterations and repairs num-
bered 5,813 and amounted to $12,095,-
529, an increase of 11.7 per cent in num-
ber and 9.8 per cent in value.

Real estate sales In 1947 in San Francisco
numbered lS.X.W and amounted to $228,267,030—
the s-cond highest annual volume in the history
of the City, but about 13 per cent below the 1946
total, the all-time high. Mortgage deeds of trust
issued against San Francisco real estate for 1947
numbered 19,852 and amounted to $177,914,002
compared to 19.579 amounting to $185,308,890
last year.
• TRADE

Retail sales in San Francisco during
1947, according to preliminary esti-
mates, amounted to $1,180,000,000 com-
pared to $1,028,000,000 in 1946. The esti-
mated 15 per cent increase in dollar
sales has been largely absorbed by price
advances during the past year. Inde-
pendent store sales were 6 per cent
above a year ago, according to a Bu-
reau of the Census sample. The food
group sales were up 7 per cent; general
merchandise 3 per cent; furniture and
household 22 per cent; lumber, building
and hardware 19 per cent; automotive
group 49 per cent; filling stations 14 per
cent; drug stores 8 per cent; while eat-
ing and drinking places sales were off 6



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