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Ptolemy's maps of northern Europe, a reconstruction of the prototypes online

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XXIV



Fig. 25.

PROTOTYPE E

from the Cod. Urbinas 82.

By permission of "The Scottish Geographical Magazine". Cf. § 26.




RataA

('Rakotri'ai Si)
('Hakatai BZ)

Kotlnsioi
CKotnoi BO
CKoteinoiSt}



Names in brackets, without addition of B or PI., belong to Prot. F.
::•:;:;:: ^^6 area of antiquated names, borrowed from Herodotus.



Mountains.



XXV



Fig. 26.
NORTH-EASTERN GERMANIA AND WESTERN SARMATIA

with the names from the prototypes E and F.
Cf. § 26.



F I iN Nf'O J



[Amb




MBOSm MOLOCtNOI NASS/UOI
(iOmMlj CHOeOKAl) (ASAIOI)



(CHAINIDES) (ZAKATAI)



HIPPOFACOI SKYTtlfll
.HlffOWOI SdKMATAI)



AORSOI
OKSOl) KA^ATA/

rKAiaSTAn



Names in brackets belong to Prot. E.

Names without brackets belong to Prot. F,

Names in square brackets are added from other sources (especially Pliny).

..■..:...:....■: ^^^ ^""^^ ^^ antiquated names, borrowed from Herodotus.



XXVI



Fig. 27.
PROTOTYPE Sk — SCANDIA.

Cf. § 27.




Skaney



XXVII



Fig. 28.

THE DEMARCATION OF GERMANIA
according to some modem representations, compared with the Ptolemaic map.




Perthes' Atlas antiquus des. by A. van Kampen. K. Wolff, Germania. Meyer's Konversationslexikon.

1892. 9th edition. 1916. 6th edition. 1907.



THE PTOLEMAIC MAP OF GERMANIA

according to some 13th century MSS.




Cod. Urbinas 82.
Version A.



Cod. Athous Vatopediensis.
Version A.



Cod. Burney 111,
Version B.



XXVIII



Fig. 29.

GERMANIA, CHERSONESUS CIMBRICA, SCANDIA.

from the Codex Athous Vatopediensis, 13th century.

By permission of The Danish Geographical Society. Cf. § 28.



' *'"^'^^^^^,.^-'-*^' y - ''^ - '-''-\:f^f ^'•-^^■^'^'•'^''•'''•>4'i« ^A. -



Ffi(^liQ}:..^S.')A




XXIX



LISTS OF NAMES DENOTING THE VARIOUS NATIONAL TYPES,
APPEARING ON FIGURES 30 & 31.

Gothonic. Sound ch\ Charudes, Kauchoi, Chamauoi, Bainochaimai,
Teuriochaimai, Chalusos.

Termination -is\ Lirimiris, Marionis, Albis, Visurgis, (Amisis Mela
= Amisias Ptol.), Marnamanis, Budoris, Kantioibis, Alkimoenis, Fur-
gisatis, Kasurgis, Budorgis (duplicate of Budoris?), Limis, Askaukalis(?).

Element -bergion, -burgion, "borough, barrow, mountain": Bergion,
Askiburgion (town and mountain), Teutiburgion (town and ^mountain) ;
-bokos, "beech": Melibokos; -chaim, "home": Bainochaimai, Teurio-
chaimai; -maUy "men": Markomanoi; -vario, "men": Angrivarioi.

Celtic. Termination -ak'. Mattiakon, Mokontiakon, Bibakon; -et: Sudeta,
Gabreta, Nemetes.

Element -briga, "borough": Artobriga; -dunon, "town": Lugo-
dunon, Tarodunon, Segodunon, Eburodunon, Karrodunon, Noviodunon;
■duron, "water": Batauoduron, Bragoduron, Boioduron; -magos, "plain":
Borbetomagos, Noviomagos, Breukomagos; -lanion^ "place": Medio-
lanion; -riton, "ford": Lokoriton; -carnon, "horn, rock": Karnus
(Carnuntum).

Pannonian. Sounds kv unaltered: Arsekvia, Akvinkon. (Gothonic alters
kw into hwj Wy /, etc., whereas / appears in continental Celtic and
Dacian).

Dacian. Element -^«z;«, "town": Setidava, Piroboridava, etc.

Scythian. Termination -ss (o: s, sh): Pession, Trisson, Niosson; -an:
Alanoi, Leianon, Kandanon, Bormanon.



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MAPS.



Fig. 1. General Synopsis.

- 2 — 4. Germania, Chersonesus Cimbrica, Scandia.

5. Germania, Prototype J.

6. Chersonesus Cimbrica and Scandia.

7. North-western Germania, Chersonesus Cimbrica and Scandia,
8 — II. South-western Germania.

- 12 — 18. Dacia.

- 19 — 20. The Mercantile Road from the Danube to the Mouth of the Vistula.

- 21 — 23. Belgium and North-western Germania.

- 24 — 26. North-eastern Germania and Sarmatia.

- 27. Scandia.

- 28 — 29. The Demarcation of Germania.

• 30. A Rectified Ptolemaic Map of Nationalities.

- 31. A Reconstructed Map of Nationalities. With lists of names denoting the various

national types (p. XXIX).



ERRATA

P. 145, § 34. First line; 1484, read: 1482.

Third line; 1490, read; 1478, 1490.



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Online LibraryGudmund SchüttePtolemy's maps of northern Europe, a reconstruction of the prototypes → online text (page 17 of 17)