legion of " new poor," consisting in part of the middle
classes who were formerly the strength of the nation.
The results of the titanic struggle which France has
sustained have shown us yet again that the future of the
peoples is in their own possession, forged by their own
hands. It is no longer the Parcas, the dismal daughters
256 POLITICAL DISORGANIZATION
of Night, that spin the thread of their destiny ; it is the
human will. The historians of the great epic which ended
in our victory teach us this on every page. A little less
determination and we should have disappeared from the
stage of the world. A little more, and we have triumphed.
The military strength of a nation consists in the valour
of all its citizens. Its economic and industrial prosperity
depend above all on the quality of its elite. When the
elite of a country are on the decline, that country becomes
The best of our citizens are not lacking in intelligence,
but their character is not always the equal of their
intelligence. In solidarity, initiative, accuracy and con-
tinuity of effort they are somewhat lacking.
It is not enough to preach the necessity of such
aptitudes. We must teach men how to acquire them.
Hitherto the University of France has concerned itself
only with the development of the intellect. It must
follow the example of the British and American Universi-
ties : it must train the character, or it must go.
Our future place in the world will depend upon the
quality of the children now growing up. The future will
belong not to the peoples whose intellect is greatest,
but to those whose character is strongest.
Printed in Great Britain by
UNWIN BROTHERS, LIMITKn, TriE