H. M. (Herbert McClellan) Riggle.

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His Present and Future



Author of "Two Works of Grace," "The Kingdom of God and the
One Thousand Years' Reign," 'Religious Discussion," "Bible
Readings for Bible Students and for the Home and Fire-
side," and "The Cleansing of the Sanctuary."

'J am fearfully and wonderfully made." Psa. 139: 14.




public library!




Copyright 1904,


Gospel Trumpet Company.

ieps' Wee

3t. 04


This part of a book is seldom read. Yet it is
customary to write a preface to every work of any
note. I think this part should not be overlooked
when perusing the contents of a book.

The subject of this book will explain its contents.
It is one intensely interesting. It treats on man
in his present state, between death and the judg-
ment, and beyond the resurrection in the eternal
world. Since he is destined to live somewhere after
cycles of ages have passed, and the universe has
crumbled into chaos, it is necessary to know what
that future and eternal state will be. In this work
we have treated the subject purely from a Bible
standpoint; for the Holy Scriptures give us the
clearest exegesis of both our present and future.
Trusting that the inspired truths in this book will
be helpful to those who are seeking light, I commit
it to the public. H. M. Riggle.

Cambridge Springs, Pa., July 10, 1903.



Preface 7

Man 9

His Present State 10

Materialism 12

The Nature of Man in His Present State 35

The Human Spirit in Union with an Animal Body 39

Death 48

Death a Separation 50

The State in Which Human Spirits Are Separated

from Their Animal Bodies 52

Confirming' Words and Dying- Testimonies 70

Hades— The World of Departed Spirits 79

Materialists' Arguments Considered 89

Conditional Immortality 99

The Resurrection 108

The General Judgment 112

The Eternal Home of the Redeemed 116

The Final and Eternal Doom of the Wicked .... 137


Man is the crowning work of God's creation,
honored above all earthly creatures. "Thou crown-
edst him with glory and honor, and didst set him
over the works of thy hands." He stands upon a
much higher plane than the beasts which perish.
In the constitution of his being God said, "Let us
make man in our image, after our likeness. ... So
God created man in his own image, in the image of
God created he him; male and female created he

Man is a moral as well as a physical being. By
his physical nature he stands associated with the
things of earth, while in his moral and spiritual
nature he is associated with the environments of the
spiritual and eternal world. His present life is
laden with eternal responsibilities. He is a being
accountable to God, the Creator of all things in
heaven and in earth. When David began to med-
itate on these things he said, "I am fearfully and
wonderfully made." Yet when he considered the
great I AM, how he measures the heavens with a
span, and weighs the mountains in scales, and the



nations to him are but dust, he cried, "What is

This is a question which should occupy our minds,
and which should be considered with much prayer
and careful study. Is it not reasonable, that if man
is privileged to acquire a perfect knowledge of
other things and creatures God has made, he should
know himself? It is not our object in this work
to undertake to solve this problem from a scientific
standpoint, but I shall treat it purely from a Bible
standpoint. The Word of God is very plain in its
teaching, and gives us a clearer solution of what
man is, and what his eternal destiny will be, than
all the learning of the ages. Being a divine revela-
tion, its teachings can be relied on and are safe
to accept.


Natural life is the greatest of earthly blessings.
As to its value, we read, "All that a man hath will
he give for his life." "Is not the life more than
meat, and the body than raiment?"

God has placed us in this world, and surrounded
us with blessings innumerable. He made the sun to
shine upon us and give us light by clay, and the
moon by night. He made the stars to twinkle in
the sky, and the clouds to send us the refreshing
showers. He sends us the sparkling dewdrops, and


Covers the earth with a carpet of verdant green.
The beautiful hills and valleys, the sparkling stream-
lets which dash down the mountainside, the fields
of golden grain, the beautiful flowers, the singing
birds— yes, all nature abounds with tokens of God's
love, and these are blessings given to cheer our
hearts and point us to him who is the giver of every
good gift. The heavens, and beauties of nature de-
clare the handiwork of God. Yet, while God has
surrounded us with blessings innumerable, and gifts
of great value, none compare in worth to the gift
of life, which we all possess; without this all other
earthly blessings would profit us nothing. Our life
is in God's hands. In him we live and move and
have our being.

There is a purpose in our having an existence
here. God designs that our life shall glorify him.
This present life molds our future and eternal
destiny ; hence, every moment is laden with weighty
responsibilities. All along life's pathway we are
scattering seeds of good or bad, and "whatsoever
a man soweth, that shall he also reap."

As to the shortness of our natural life, it is
compared in the Scriptures to a handbreadth, an
eagle hastening to his prey, a swift post, a dream,
a shadow, a vapor. It is soon cut down and we fly
away. Before us lies an eternal world, an unseen
state, which shall be the portion of all. With
gigantic footsteps time is bearing humanity onward
to the great ocean of eternity.


But before we lift the curtain and look at scenes
eternal it will be necessary to first clearly under-
stand the nature of man in his present state. First
in order, then, I will consider the doctrine of


Materialism, in a nutshell, denies that man pos-
sesses a spiritual, conscious entity, separate and dis-
tinct in substance from the body, and affirms that
man is only a material being, composed of flesh and
blood and breath and intellect.

In considering this doctrine, I shall give several
reasons, based upon fact and truth, why it is un-
scriptural and positively wrong.

First. The doctrine of materialism is wrong, be-
cause it brings man on a level with the beasts that
perish. This is contrary to all intelligent reason, and
the uniform teaching of Scripture. Your horse pos-
sesses all that materialists claim for man. He has flesh
and blood. He has breath and more or less intelli-
gence. You can teach him. He learns to love or
hate you. He can remember. But to say that man
stands upon the same plane with him is to con-
descend to rank heathendom, and such teaching is
obnoxious to all enlightened minds. Man in his
nature stands upon a much higher plane. He is a


moral being, accountable to God. The Lord takes
knowledge of him. He becomes morally denied by
sin, and morally purified by the cleansing ; blood
of Christ.

Solomon, in Eccl. 3 : 19, 20 mentions a few things
in which man "has no preeminence above a beast."
All have one breath; that is, man breathes the same
atmosphere that the beasts of earth do. As the one
dieth, so dieth the other. Just as all creatures die
and return to mother dust, so mortal man "returns
to the earth as it was." All turn to dust again— all
go to one place.

This is all true with respect to man's physical
being, but the same writer informs us of man, that
at the very time the dust returns to dust, the spirit
returns to God, who gave it, and "man goeth to his
long home." See Eccl. 12:5,7. Nowhere in the
Bible is this said of the beasts "that perish."

When God made man he made him only a little
lower than the angels. "Thou madest him a little
lower than the angels; thou crownedst him with
glory and honor, and didst set him over the works
of thy hands." Heb. 2:7.

What then, we may ask, is the nature of angels?
Inspiration answers: "Who maketh his angels spirits.
Are they not all ministering spirits ? ' ' Heb. 1 : 7, 14.
Angels are spirit beings, not mortal, not flesh and
blood, but spirits, "ministering spirits." And Jesus
plainly declares that "a spirit hath not flesh and
bones." Luke 24:39.


In this dispensation we have "come ... to an
innumerable company of angels." Heb. 12:22.
i ' The angel of the Lord encampeth round about them
that fear him." Unseen to the natural, eye, there
is ever present angelic beings, who minister to and
protect the people of God. These are not material
beings, else we could behold them, but they are

In order to support their fallen structure, material-
ists even deny the immortality of angels. If angels
are not immortal, then they are mortal. If mortal,
they are subject to death. If not subject to death,
they are immortal.

What saith the Scripture ? " Ye do err, not know-
ing the Scriptures, nor the power of God. For in
the resurrection they neither marry, nor are given
in marriage, but are as the angels of God in heaven. ' '
Mat. 22: 29, 30. "But they which shall be accounted
worthy to obtain that world, and the resurrection
from the dead, neither marry, nor are given in
marriage: neither can they die any more: for they
are equal unto the angels." Luke 20:35,36. Here
the hammer of truth knocks out one prop which sup-
ports the heresy of materialism.

In the resurrection, after the corruptible body has
put on incorruption, and this mortal flesh has put
on immortality, then we shall stand wholly upon the
plane of immortal beings, being "equal unto the
angels." The result of their being equal unto the
angels is stated in these words: "Neither can they


die any more. ' ' If these scriptures do not teach thai
angels stand wholly upon the plane of spiritual and
immortal beings, then grammar does not teach gram-
mar, nor arithmetic teach arithmetic.

Having seen the nature of angels, that they stand
wholly upon a plane of spirit beings, being immortal,
we will now consider the nature of man, who is de-
clared to be but "a little lower."

"For ye are bought with a price: therefore glorify
God in your body, and in your spirit, which arc
God's." 1 Cor. 6:20. "The unmarried woman
careth for the things of the Lord, that she may be
holy both in body and in spirit. ' ' 1 Cor. 7 : 34.
"There is a spirit in man." Job 32 : 8.

Without comment these texts declare in so many
words, that man is a compound being of "both body
and spirit," for "there is a spirit in man." The
body is material, an organic structure; spirit is not
of material substance, for "a spirit hath not flesh
and bones." Luke 24:39. So man is not wholly a
material being, on a level with the beasts that perish.
Neither is he wholly a spiritual being, on an equal
with the angels. Our body or flesh is mortal. "Your
mortal body." Rom. 6:12. "Your mortal bodies."
Rom. 8: 11. "Our mortal flesh." 2 Cor. 4: 11. But
inside these mortal bodies there is a spirit: "There
is a spirit in man."

Spirits are not mortal. God is a spirit (John
4:24), hence he is eternal and immortal. 1 Tim. 1:
17. The Holy Spirit, the third person in the trinity,


is an "eternal spirit." Heb. 9:14. Angels are
spirits (Heb. 1:7,14), hence are not subject to
natural death, but are immortal beings. See Mat.
22:29,30; Luke 20:35,36.

There is a spirit or soul in man (Job 32:8; 14:
22; 1 Cor. 7:34), which is not subject to physical
death (Mat. 10: 28) ; hence, immortal. Here then we
have the nature of man's being clearly defined. We
see in what sense he stands a little lower than the
angels. Angels are wholly spirit beings, wholly im-
mortal; while man is both spirit and flesh, soul and
body. He yet inhabits a mortal body, which is sub-
ject to physical death. This places him a little
lower than the angels until "that which is sown a
natural body shall be raised a spiritual body"; then
we shall be "equal unto the angels."

But man being a spiritual and moral being as well
as a physical being, places him on a much higher
plane than the beasts of earth. The spirit of man
is destined to range in unlimited spheres of activity
long after the world is put in ashes. In the face
of the foregoing facts, materialism must fall.

Second. The doctrine of materialism is wrong, be-
cause it denies experimental salvation in this life.
If a man were wholly a material being, and possessed
no spiritual entity, he could not undergo a spiritual
change. All the change that could be wrought upon
him by his Creator would be material. The brute
creation can not undergo a spiritual work, for they
are wholly upon the plane of material beings. But


the very fact that the work of salvation is a spiritual
work proves beyond question that man is more than
a material being; he is "both body and spirit." 1
Cor. 7:34.

In the work of salvation it is not the flesh, bones,
or blood that is regenerated or converted to 'God;
neither is it the breath we breathe, nor is it simply
the mind: for men may intellectually be converted
to the truth without any moral change being wrought
in their natures. For a Jew or Mohammedan to
simply see that his religion is wrong, and that the
Christian faith and religion is right, and accept the
Christian belief that Christ is the Son of God, will
not change his moral nature. It takes more than
this. A man may with his mind endorse the whole
truth, and yet be a sinner. Salvation goes deeper
than the mind.

The materialist will ask, What part of man's be-
ing, then, undergoes the great work of salvation?
Answer, ' ' The hidden man of the heart. ' ' 1 Pet. 3 : 4.
Proof: "Receive with meekness the engrafted word,
which is able to save your souls." Jas. 1:21. "The
law of the Lord is perfect, converting the soul."
Psa. 19:7. "Believe to the saving of the soul."
Heb. 10:39. "The salvation of your souls." 1 Pet.
1:9. "That the spirit may be saved." 1 Cor. 5:5.
Having "purified your souls." 1 Pet. 1:22. "Puri-
fying their hearts by faith." Acts 15 : 8, 9. "Blessed
are the pure in heart." Mat. 5:8.

What a beautiful wreath of heavenly truth! It

MAN, !:' \T AND I

w;is man's spiritual and moral nature that was
affected by the fall; hence, in the work of salvation,
the spiritual and moral nature of man is restored.
iL Jle restoreth my soul." P.sa. 23:3.

The members of the physical body are only the
instruments of the soul; therefore, when the soul
is restored by salvation to a state of purity and holi-
ness, the members of (lie physical body act in har-
mony. For example, when theft is removed From the
heart, the hands will not steal. When profanity is
cleansed from the soul, the mouth will not send forth
profane language. Hence the injunction of Jesus,
"First cleanse that within, that the outside may be
clean also."

Elere is a weighty point. Man must be a spiritual
being in order to become morally defiled by sin, and
morally purified in the work of salvation. Another
thought worthy of consideration: God has promised
"to give knowledge of salvation unto his people by
the remission of their sins." Luke 1:77. "He that
believeth on the Son of God hath the witness in
himself." 1 John 5:10;

But what, is this witness? "The Spiril itself bear-
eth witness with our spirit, that we are the children
of God." Rom. 8:16. How clear! It is by man's
spiritual nature that he is made conscious of God.
His spirit communicates with our spirit and imparts
a consciousness of our acceptance with him. Here
again, materialism stands square against the Bible
and the great work of man's redemption.


Third. The doctrine of materialism is wrong, be-
en use it denies spiritual birth in this life. Jesus
himself positively taught that "ye must be born
again." John 3:7. He also stated why: "Except a
man be born again, he can not see the kingdom of
God. He can not enter into the kingdom of God."
John 3:3,5. The kingdom of God here referred to
may apply to the kingdom of grace here, or to the
kingdom of glory above; or, as is most likely, it in-
cludes both. However, in any case, the new birth is
absolutely necessary in order to enter it. "Ye must
be born again." This is defined as being "born of
the Spirit"; viz., a spiritual birth. Ver. 8.

But were man only a material being without any
spiritual entity, he could not undergo any spiritual
change. In order for him to be born again he would
have to, in the language of Nicodemus, "enter a
second time into his mother's womb, and be born."
But hear the words of Christ: "That which is born
of the flesh is flesh; and that which is bom of the
Spirit is spirit." John 3:6.

That part of man which is born again is not our
physical fleshly being, but "is spirit." Here ma-
terialism falls. Man, then, is both flesh and spirit.
That which is born of the flesh is flesh; viz., that
which comes according to the course of nature-
natural birth. But that which is born of the Spirit
is spirit. Not our fleshly being—impossible, pre-
posterous! Not our breath, nor merely our life, but
our spirit. The Spirit of God operates upon our


spirit and changes it from a denied condition to a
righteous state. Thank God for the plain teaching
of Scripture on this point.

In order to support their refuge of lies materialists
are driven to the extreme position that spiritual birth
does not take place until the resurrection of the
dead. They say geunao, the Greek word for bom,
only means begotten. Therefore they argue that
we are only in a begotten state until the resurrection
of the dead, when we will be born. In the light of
God's Word, with all boldness, we declare that this
is a shift infernal to deny the immortality of the
human soul. It is entirely without foundation in the
Word of God. But let us examine their argument.

They say geunao simply means begotten, not really
born. "Now when Jesus was born [Greek, geunao]
in Bethlehem of Judea in the days of Herod the king,
behold, there came wise men from the east to Jerusa-
lem, saying, Where is he that is born [geunao] King
of the Jews? . . . And when they were come into
the house, they saw the young child with Mary
his mother, and fell down, and worshiped him."
Mat. 2:1-11. Here the reader will observe that
geunao means to bring forth. Jesus was actually
born, and the wise men saw the young child. The
Greek term, however, was geunao.

Again, "A woman when she is in travail hath
sorrow, because her hour is come : but as soon as
she is delivered of the child, she remembereth no
more the anguish, for joy that a man is born


[geunao] into the world." John 16:21. "I am
verily a man which am a Jew, born [geunao] in Tar-
sus. ' ' Acts 22 : 3. " Moses, when he was born,
[geunao], was hid three months of his parents."
Heb. 11:23.

Thus we could multiply proof -texts; but any one
can see from the above scriptures cited that geunao
means actual birth, to bring forth. Now I will give
some clear texts where the same word occurs in the

"But as many as received him, to them gave he
power to become the sons of God, even to them that
believe on his name. Which were born [geunao],
not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the
will of man, but of God." John 1 : 12, 13. "Ye must
be born [geunao] again." John 3:7. "Every one
that doeth righteousness is horn of him." 1 John
2:29. "Whosoever is lorn of God doth not commit
sin; . . . because he is born of God." 1 John 3:9.
"Every one that loveth is born of God, and knoweth
God." 1 John 4:7. "Whosoever believeth that Je-
sus is the Christ is born of God." 1 John 5: 1.

In all these texts the word born is from geunao,
which we already have proved means actual birth,
to bring forth. There are many other clear texts
which prove that the new birth is effected in
this life.

' ' Seeing ye have purified your souls in obeying the
truth through the Spirit unto unfeigned love of the
brethren, see that ye love one another with a pure


heart fervently: being born again, not of corruptible
seed, but of incorruptible, by the word of God, which
liveth and abideth for ever." 1 Pet. 1:22,23.

"As new-born babes, desire the sincere milk of the
word, that ye may grow thereby." 1 Pet. 2:2.

The Father does not record the names of his chil-
dren on the family record until after they are born.
"Rejoice, because your names are written in heav-
en." Luke 10:20. "And of Zion it shall be said.
This and that man was born in her. . . . The Lord
shall count, when he writeth up the people, that this
man was born there. ' ' Psa. 87 : 5, 6.

God is our spiritual Father. The church is the
bride or wife of Christ. Eph. 5:23-32. She is our
mother. Gal. 4:26. "For as soon as Zion travailed
she brought forth her children. . . . That ye may suck,
and be satisfied with the breasts of her consolations;
that ye may milk out and be delighted with the abun-
dance of her glory. . . . Then shall ye suck, ye shall
be borne upon her sides, and dandled upon her
knees." Isa. 66:8-12.

Thus having a spiritual Father and mother, we be-
come "sons of God" by being "born of God." See.
John 1:12,13. This is not effected in the resurrec-
tion, but, "beloved, now arc we the sons of God."
1 John 3:2. "Babes in Christ." 1 Cor. 3:1. "New-
born babes." 1 Pet. 2:2. Not by natural birth, Tor
"that which is born of the Spirit is spirit." The
foregoing truth is utterly fatal to materialism.

Fourth. The doctrine of materialism is wrong, be-


cause it contradicts the plain teaching of the Bible.
God's Word plainly teaches that man is part spirit.
If man were wholly a material being he could only
feed on material substances. Mark this thought.
The brute creation can not feed on or derive spiritual
i. for they are only material beings. But man
is both flesh and spirit. He is classified with two
worlds. By his fleshly nature he takes his place in
the animal kingdom, and by the extreme abuse and
subversion of his appetites and passions, he renders
himself scarcely lit for the companionship of dumb
brutes. Vet by his spiritual nature and existence
he is placed where, when his soul is saved from sin.
he is (it for [leaven's society.

Because he is a physical being, he feeds on ma-
terial substances. Tie has appetite for natural food.
His body requires it. Materialism stops here. But,
as before stated, the Bible teaches that man is a
spiritual being as well as a physical being. Therefore
he can feed on and derive spiritual food, life, peace
and happiness from God. It would be well for
Advenlists and all no-soulists to consider this point.
"Thy words were found, and 1 did eat them; and
thy word was unto me the joy and rejoicing of mine
heart." Jer. lo:lo\

"Man shall not live by bread alone, but by vyity
word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God."
Mat. 4:4.

"New-born babes desire the sincere milk of the
word, thai they may grow thereby." 1 Pet. 2:2.


' ' taste and see that the Lord is good. ' ' Psa. 34 : 8.

Jesus said, "I am that bread of life. . . . I am
the living bread which came down from heaven: if
any man eat of this bread, he shall live forever."
John 6 : 48-51.

"But whosoever drinketh of the water that I shall
give him shall never thirst. ' ' John 4 : 14.

"There is a river, the streams whereof shall make
glad the city of God." Psa. 46:4. This river flows
from the throne of God. Its crystal waters, which
come rippling down from the glory world in mighty
streams, are love, grace, joy, peace, and righteousness.

"I will extend peace to her like a river." Isa.

"They shall be abundantly satisfied with the fat-
ness of thy house; and thou shalt make them drink
of the river of thy pleasures." Psa. 36: 8.

"My soul thirsteth for God, for the living God."
Psa. 42:2.

All the above are experiences of the soul. "For
he satisfieth the longing soul, and filleth the hun-
gry soul with goodness." Psa. 107:9.

"Hearken diligently unto me, and eat ye that
which is good, and let your soul delight itself in
fatness." Isa. 55: 2.

Could the multiplied texts above cited apply to the
brute creation? Never. Materialism squarely con-
tradicts all these scriptures. If man were only a

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