H. N. (Horatio Newton) Moore.

The reign of terror historically and biographically treated online

. (page 24 of 24)
Online LibraryH. N. (Horatio Newton) MooreThe reign of terror historically and biographically treated → online text (page 24 of 24)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook

Washington, is from the pen of the celebrated William
Cobbett, published by him in 1796, at which time he
was a bookseller in that city, and had a store in North
Second street, opposite Christ Church. "On the 16th
of May, [1793,] a salvo from the cannons of a frigate
lying in the port, gave notice that Citizen Genet would
soon be arrived at a place called Gray's Ferry, about
three miles distant from the city. Thither all the
patriotically disposed went to meet him, and escort
him to his dwelling. For some time after his arrival,
there was nothing but addressing him and feasting
him. It may not be amiss to give an account of one
of these treats ; the memory of such scenes should be
preserved, and often brought to view. ' On Saturday
last a republican dinner was given, at Oeller's hotel, to
Citizen Genet, by a respectable number of French and
American citizens. After dinner a number of patriotic
toasts were drunk ; and after the third toast, an ele-
gant ode, suited to the occasion, composed by a young
Frenchman, was read by Citizen Duponceau, and
universally applauded. After a short interval, the
Marseillais Hymn was, upon the request of the citizens,
sung by Citizen Bournonville, with great taste and
spirit, the whole company joining in chorus. Two
additional stanzas, composed by Citizen Genet, and
suited to the navy of France, were then called for,
sung, and encored. The table was decorated with the
tree and cap of liberty, and with the French and
American flags. The last toast being drunk, the cap

* Father of the late Nicholas Biddle.

t Father of Geo. M. Dallas, Vice President of the United States.


of liberty was placed on the head of Citizen Genet,
and then it travelled from head to head, [just as the
guillotine has since travelled round France,] each
wearer enlivening the scene with a patriotic senti-
ment. These tokens of liberty, and of American and
French fraternity, were delivered to the officers and
mariners of the frigate L' Ambuscade, who promised to
defend them till death.' On the very day that this
liberty-cap feast took place, the citizen-minister was
formally received, and acknowledged in his diplomatic
capacity, by the President of the United States. There,
indeed, his reception was not quite so warm. He after-
wards complained that the first object that struck his
eye [in Washington's parlor,] was a bust of Louis
XVI. I never heard whether he started back or not,
at the sight ; but it is certain he looked upon it as an
ill omen. He saw that he had not to do with a man
whose friendship shifted with the changes of fortune.
He saw that the President had not been deceived by
the calumnies heaped upon the King ; and that, though
the welfare of his country induced him to receive an
envoy from the Jacobins, he was far from approving
of their deeds." *

In Paris, after the Reign of Terror, the Jacobins,
though subdued, were not put to rest ; they frequently
displayed their insurrectionary spirit, and at their
meetings continued to preach their doctrines. To
counteract them, the Jeunesse Doree, or Gilt Youth,
formed themselves into a powerful body, ever ready
to combat the efforts of the Jacobins, and confirm the
order which was beginning to prevail. Composed of
the most respectable families in the capital, they
almost all numbered a parent or relation among the
victims of Terror, and had imbibed the utmost horror
at its sanguinary excesses. To distinguish themselves
from the rabble, they wore a particular dress, consist-
ing of a coat without a collar, expressive of their con-
nexion with those who had suffered by the guillotine.

* Vide Cobbett's History of the American Jacobins


Instead of arms, they carried short clubs, or canes,
loaded with lead. Their contests in the Palais-Royal,
in the garden of the Tuilleries, on the streets, in the
theatres, and in all public places, were frequent, and
they contributed by their exertions to confirm and
direct the public mind. These youths, supported by
the National Guard, finally marched against the Jaco-
bin Club at one of its sittings, broke open its doors,
and dispersed its members. The day after which the
Convention put a seal on their papers, and terminated
the existence of the club. [November 12th, 1794.]

The progress of the Republic, from this period, pre-
sents a history of unparalelled triumphs on the part
of the French army, over the allied powers of Europe,
directed by the genius and great military talents of
Napoleon Bonaparte.


LB s m





9 644 1

09 8

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 24

Online LibraryH. N. (Horatio Newton) MooreThe reign of terror historically and biographically treated → online text (page 24 of 24)