Hamil Grant.

The soul of Napoleon online

. (page 16 of 17)
Online LibraryHamil GrantThe soul of Napoleon → online text (page 16 of 17)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


in the vain hope, we easily divine, of unearthing
some Corneille who should add lustre to the name



LE THEATRE-FRANgAlS 277

of Napoleon and his Age. Despite the fact that
the official jury advised the encouragement of
Comedy, on the ground that the comic play-
wrights were much farther behind Moliere than
the tragedians were behind Kacine and Voltaire,
the supreme authority at the Tuileries declined
to alter his decision, and so Comedy went un-
rewarded and unencouraged.

The famous Imperial Decree that gave to the
Theatre-Franyais the perfect organisation which
governs that institution to. this day, was dictated
from Moscow, 16th October 1812. This act of
Napoleon, says Laugier, in effect, is one of the
imperishable and constructive benefits vnth which
the great Emperor endowed modern France, to
the rebuilding and permanent moulding of which
he so largely contributed. By an earlier decree of
January, 1803, he had given the French Theatre
its commercial or practical organisation. The
Decree of Moscow definitely, and probably for all
time, fixed its administrative constitution, iind,
adds Laugier, if the Imperial epoch was poor in
dramatic literature produced during the reign, it
is equally certain that it has never been excelled
in respect of the technical art of the official ex-
ponents of the French Theatre. What execution !
What perfection in the interpretation of our im-
mortal masterpieces ! Moreover, it is to the last-
ing merit of Napoleon that while he assembled the
greatest galaxy of dramatic actors and actresses
that France has yet known, he also provided for
future generations by founding schools of dramatic



278 IMPERIAL OFFICIAL THEATRE

art which now form part and parcel of Europe's
most artistic nation.

On the occasion of the journey to Erfurt,
Napoleon distributed some £1500 among the half-
dozen actors who went thither with him. When
a similar excursion was made to Dresden by the
Comedie Frangaise, in 1813, a much larger sum
was expended in rewarding the artists for their
services. Monsieur Laugier gives the items in
connection with that visit, as follows : —



Desprez
Saint-Prix
Talma
Mile George
Fleury
Saint-Fal .
Michot
Baptiste .
Arm and
Thenard .
Vigny
Michelot .



6,000 frs.
6,000
8,000
8,000

10,000

6,000
4,000
6,000
6,000
4,000
6,000
4,000



Barbier

IVnie Thenard .

Mile Cental

Mile M^zeray .

Mile Mars

Mile Bourgoin .

M. Maignien

Brothers Frechot

Colson

Combre

Bouillon .

Mongellas



3,000 frs.

4,000 ,,

6,000 ,,

4,000 „

10,000 „

6,000 ,,

2,000 ,,

1,500 "

500 „

500 ,,

500 „

500 „



The Emperor insisted on his family and the high
functionaries of the State maintaining their loges
at the first theatre in his capital. For his own
box he paid 21,000 francs, or £840 ; Queen
Hortense, his step-daughter, paid £145 for hers ;
Berthier, £340 ; Talleyrand, £360 ; King Joseph,
£420 ; Prince Lucien, £310 ; Madame Recamier,
£280 ; Bernadotte, £150.

According to Monsieur Lecomte, the Emperor
was accustomed to receive his favourite artists at




FJU'Cvt^rtipJt : Anaerson



l)Ai:i)AI.rS AND ICARLS
Bv Canow,



SOME AKTIST-VISITORS 279

the Tuileries during first-breakfast, or about nine
o'clock, this hour corresponding — in his case, as a
working sovereign — to the levee of the old French
monarchs. Rarely did this meal exceed fifteen
minutes in duration, though when exceptionally
interesting visitors presented themselves. Napoleon
would graciously surrender his precious time to
illuminati Hke Monge, Bertholet, Costaz, Denon,
Corvisart, David, Gerard, Isabey, Talma, Fon-
taine and others, saying, as was his custom :

" Gentlemen, my cabinet is closed for the time
being. Let us talk."

And the Emperor invariably talked more than
anyone else.

Lecomte affects to believe that the Corsican
entertained sentiments of good will for the artistic
brotherhood, a point of view which we have dealt
with elsewhere, and disproved, we think. Once,
according to this authority, he accused [Monsieur
de Lugay, an eminent official of his palace, with
having slighted some of the actors who had
business with him.

"Do you know," he is alleged to have told the
forbidding Luyay, " a talent, no matter what its
nature, is a veritable power in the world, and I
make a point, myself, of never omitting to salute
Talma when I meet him."

Monsieur de Remusat, who is responsible for
this detail, takes care to add that Napoleon, in
making the remark, meant not the least word of
it. The Emperor was, says the Comte, kind and
cordial towards artists of all kinds who showed an



280 IMPERIAL OFFICIAL THEATRE

unquestioning devotion to himself and his ways of
thinking — who, en somme, allowed themselves to
be taught, and who never contradicted him. It
was only, concludes Monsieur de Remusat, when
he became a great personage, that Napoleon
forced himself to take an interest in matters which
up till that time had given him no concern what-
ever. Even as regards Talma, it always seemed
to close observers that he felt the actor's renown
rather than his artistic greatness.

"At all periods of his life," insists Lecomte,
notwithstanding the scepticism of M. de Remusat,
" Napoleon displayed a profound interest in
everything connected with actors and acting."
On the day after the battle of Marengo, he recalls,
the First Consul spent an hour walking up and
down a small vineyard surrounding his military
headquarters. An aide-de-camp approached with
a dispatch, and Bonaparte, awakened as from a
deep reverie, astounded the officer with a long
quotation from La Mort de Pompee :

J'ai servi, commande, vaincu quarante annees,
Du monde entre mes mains j'ai vu les destinees ;
Et j'ai toujours connu qu'en tout evenement
Le destin des Etats dependait d'un moment,"

On the fateful night of 20th March 1804, when
he decides to sign the order for the murder of the
Due d'Enghien, he is heard to whisper the words
spoken by Augustus, in Cinna :

" Soyons amis, Cinna, c'est moi que t'en convie ..."



L'AIGLON 281

And on the same tragical eve, the lines from
Alzire :

" Des dieux que nous sen^ons, connais la difference :
Les tiens t'ont commande le meurtre et la vengeance ;
Et le mien quand ton bras vient de m'assassiner,
M'ordonne de te plaindre et de te pardonner."

After the battle of La Rothiere, during the cam-
paign of France, in 1814, he writes to his brother
Joseph :

" I should prefer to see my son strangled than
to think of him being brought up in Vienna in
the midst of my enemies. ... I have never yet
witnessed Andromache without pitying the fate
of Astyanax, whom I always thought happy in
not surviving his father."



CHAPTER XVII
CONCLUSION

Kircheisens Bibliography of Napoleon — One Book
wanting — The Temperamental Aspect of Bonaparte
— The '' Napoleon " Test of Nationality — A Modern
Imitator — The Imperishable Corsican



A SENSE of decency compels us to admit
that any man who produces a Napoleon
book, in these days, owes it to the public
to explain the fact, and we willingly give
our own reasons for the present performance — all
the more so, indeed, because we have fully read
and fairly digested our Kircheisen, and know what
that voluminous bibliographer of the Napoleoniad
has to say about the Grand Library of books
and publications which deal with the Emperor and
his coruscating legend. Here, in effect, is what
Kircheisen will tell the inquirer in those two
plump tomes which any wight may wade through
with much instruction to himself :

(1) The number of individual books which record
the story of Napoleon and his Age must now be
counted by the tens of hundreds.

(2) Separate magazine and newspaper articles,
born of the same heroic inspiration, have been
written and published in their tens of thousands.

(3) If all the publishers' archives and the
editorial and contributors' files of all the peri-
odicals of all the nations could be assembled and
given shelf -room, it would be found that Napoleon
already plays a capital role in at least two hundred
thousand books, ecrits divers, reviews, turnovers,
special articles and sundry other papers which
have been committed to breathing type, at one time
or another, by professional or amateur scribes.

It is clear from all this, therefore, that the writer
is under some obHgation to explain the reason of
the present book :

284



THE ETERNAL CORSICAN 285

A few years back an old fellow-student, writing
from India, asked us to verify some expressions
of opinion by Napoleon on literary and art matters,
in respect of which our exile in Hindustan had no
reference books at hand. In order to obtain the
required opinions it was found necessary to con-
sult some score of books in the Reading-Room of
the British Museum. The idea then " developed,"
as they say in America, that a separate book
might excusably be put together treating of the
temperamental side of Napoleon, as indicated
by the great soldier's heredity, his education, liis
reading, his literary, dramatic and art leanings,
and his religion. Such a book in anything like
complete form had not in EngUsh — nor indeed
in French, German or Italian — as yet come into
being. The facts might certainly be found in a
large library of volumes, by well-known writers,
dealing with the Eternal Corsican ; but not with
any completeness in any single volume which the
writer has yet succeeded in discovering.

Master-students of Napoleon, like Mr Holland
Rose, the Earl of Rosebery and Monsieur A.
Guillois have — all serious readers are aware —
thrown much light on the mind and character of
the immense Man of Destiny, by touching on such
intimate personal details, in works which have
now become classics. These works were not,
however, devoted specifically to a presentment
of Napoleon considered almost wholly from his
temperamental aspect. Our own endeavour has
been to trace the mighty Corsican from this point



286 CONCLUSION

of consideration, and in one brief volume, by-
dealing with his superabounding chronicle in a
series of chapters which have treated

(1) of his genealogy ;

(2) of his early schooling ;

(3) of his particular reading as a student and
his general reading as a man ;

(4) of his tastes in drama and music ;

(5) of his associations with men and women
connected with the theatre ;

(6) of his predilections in painting and sculpture ;

(7) of his literary bent and his connections and
dealings with literary personages ;

(8) of his understanding, or rather misunder-
standing, of the functions of that important
half -art which we call journalism ;

(9) and, finally, of his religious beliefs — which
last, we are permanently satisfied, were based
solely on political expediency and were really
atheistic.

A study of all these conditions, it may reason-
ably be supposed, must add something to the
explanation of a personality which has proved
itself at once one of the simplest and one of the
most complex in the list of the world's great men.

We are a long way from classing ourselves
among the detractors of the mighty Corsican, as is
the fashion nowadays among many who derive
their conceptions of Napoleon, his personality and
his oeuvre, from handbooks, or from romances
which present Bonaparte as a central figure. We
hold that if a conscious Providence exists, Napoleon



THE NAPOLEON BIAS 287

was assuredly an instrument of its will. At the
same time we are equally far from thinking that
he can be classed among the great spirits of the
world, and we have arrived at the opinion that
the student of history, in classifying the over-
whelming personalities of the ages, will find him-
self forced to discriminate between great spirits
and great men of action. A Lincoln, a Gladstone
— here assuredly great spirits. A Napoleon, a
Bismarck — arch-pragmatists, if ever. No ; the
spirit of pure philanthropy is altogether wanting
in these.

Certainly, too, we have long since reached the con-
viction that Napoleon could never have imposed
himself and his reclame on any race of Anglo-Saxon
men — or even on a sane Germany- — in any modern
age, in any political circumstance, or with all his
achievements multipKed by ten, in the same way
as he succeeded in imposing his iron personality
on a temperamental race whose greater spirits
had gone under in that bloody Revolution which
made his career a possibility. Indeed we have
found by experience that the bias in favour of, or
against Napoleon provides a satisfactory enough
test of a man's nationality and character — whether
he be a true Anglo-Saxon, a true Kelt, a true
Latin, a true Teuton, and of the type of rigid and
self-disciplined men who — to adapt Goethe — will
drink no foreign wine.

And yet, for all the sordid materialism that
underlies the epic of Napoleon, it must be
conceded that it remains one of the moving



288 CONCLUSION

inspirations of all time. That great age of lustred
exploit and adventure was, when the worst is said,
insi^ired and led by one the supremacy of whose
heroic mind was clear and incontestable as the
limpid logic of its action and effect. And when
in these days we contemplate the halting and
convulsive performance of the puny histrion who
would fain play the role of Avorld-conqueror,
vainly seeking to impress itself and its foul
mission upon the mocking hemispheres, then, in
truth, we of the unconquered Islands may well
admit, with reverence of mind, if not of heart,
the vast measure of our most formidable foe, the
mighty Corsican — so wise in word and counsel, so
sound in thought and project, and in act so
swift, so unerring, so magical — Napoleon !



BIBLIOGRAPHY

Following is a list of works which were either read or con
suited by the author in the preparation of his book : —

Arndt : Die Mutter Napoleons. Leipzig. 1875.

Adelaide : M6moires historiques , . . de Josephine. Phila.

1848.
Avrillon : M^moires sur . . . Josephine. Paris. 1837.
Abrant6s : Salon de . . . Josephine. Paris. 1838.
Armoises : Avant la Gloire. Paris. 1899.
Ader : Napoleon devant ses Contemporains. Brussels. 1826.
Anon : Campagnes d'ltaUe . . . Paris. 1872.
Anon : Les Petits Appartemens . . . Paris. 1831.
Barral : Messages et Discours politiques. Paris. 1896.
Bailleul : Examen critique . . . Paris. 1822.
Bouclon : Canova et Napoleon. Paris. 1865.
Bruehl : Napoleon I. und Rom. Regensburg. 1865.
Beaufils : Les Amoureuses de Napoleon. Paris. 1905.
BoNNAL : Le G6nie de Napoleon. Paris. 1897.
Boudois : Napolton et la Soci6t6 de son Temps. 1895.
Bourrienne : Memoirs. Paris. 1830.
Browning (0.) : The Boyhood and Youth of Napoleon.

London. 1906.
Beauterne : Sentiment de Napoleon . . . Paris. 1864.
Bonnefons : Une Ennemie . . . Paris. 1905.
Barras : Memoirs. Paris. 1895.
Bausset : M^moires. Paris. 1827.
Beugnot : M(5moires. Paris. 1866.
Charvet : Le Souper de Beaucaire. Avignon. 1881.
Chuquet : Ordres et Apostilles . . . Paris. 1911.
Chuquet : In^dits napol6oniens. Paris. 1913.
Chuquet : La Jeunesse de Napoleon. Paris. 1897.
Chateaubriand : Napoleon racont^ . . . Paris. 1904.
T 289



290 BIBLIOGRAPHY

Caresme : Bonaparte lieutenant en second. Paris. 1914.
Chaptal : Souvenirs. Paris. 1893.
CoPiN : Talma et I'Empire. Paris. 1887.
Constant (Benjamin) : Memoires. Paris. 1820-1822.
DuRAND : Napoleon et Marie Louise, 1810-1814. Paris.

1886.
Delfau : Napoleon et I'lnstruction publique. Paris. 1902.
De Stael : De la Litterature. Paris. 1800.

De Stael : Corinne. Paris. .

De Stael : Delphine. Paris. .

De Stael : Reflexions on Suicide. London. 1813.

De Stael : Germany. London. 1813.

Eckermann : Gesprache mit Goethe. Leipzig. 1885.

Fleischmann : Une Maitresse . . . Paris. 1908.

Fleischmann : Dialogue sur I'Amour. Paris. 1908.

FoiSY : La Famille Bonaparte depuis 1264. Paris. 1830.

Fain : Memoires. Paris. 1908.

Fischer : Goethe und Napoleon. Frauenfeld. 1899.

Fi^v^E : Correspondance. Paris. 1836.

Fontaines : CEuvres. Paris. 1839.

FiGEAC : Memoires et Documents inedits. Paris. 1844.

GuiLLOis : Napoleon. 2 vols. Paris. 1889.

Gourgaud : Discours de Napoleon. Paris. 1826.

Gonnard : Les Origines de la L^gende. Paris. 1907.

Gautier (P.) : Madame de Stael et Napoleon. Paris. 1903.

Georges- We ymer : Memoirs of Mademoiselle George. Paris.

1909.
Hinard : Napoleon — Ses Opinions et ses Jugemens. Paris.

1854.
Humphreys : Napoleon — ^Thoughts on Love , . . London.

1908.
Harrys : Das Kaiserbuch. Weimar. 1837.
HoERSTEL : Die Napoleonsinsel. Berlin. 1908.
HoLZHAUSEN : Der Erste Konsul . . . Bonn. 1900.
Hopkins (Tighe) : The Women Napoleon Loved. London.

1910.
Hardenberg : Denkwiirdigkeiten. Leipzig. 1877.
Johnston : The Corsican. London. 1910.



BIBLIOGRAPHY 291

KiRCHEiSEN (F.) : Gesprache Napoleons des Ersten. Stutt-
gart. 191 1.

KiRCHEisEN (G.) : Die Frauen und Napoleon. Munich and
Leipzig. 1912.

Lacretelle : Analogies et Contrastes . . . Paris. 1837.

Lecomte : Napoleon et le Monde dramatique. Paris. 1912.

Lescure : Napoleon et sa Famille. Paris. 1868.

LuMBROso : Napoleone — La sua Corte. . . . Rome. 1911.

LuMBRoso : Napoleon etait-il croyant ? Paris. 1910.

Las Cases : M6morial. Paris. 1862.

Lanfrey : Napoleon L Paris. 1867.

Laugier : Documents historiques sur la Com^die Fran^aise-
Paris. 1853.

Martel : Memoires et (Euvres de Napoleon. Paris. 1910.

Maze-Sencier : Les Foumisseurs . . . Paris. 1893.

Masson : Napoleon inconnu. Paris. 1895.

Masson : Livre du Sacre. Paris. 1908.

Masson : Napoleon dans sa Jeunesse. Paris. 1907.

Masson : Napoleon et les Fem.mes. Paris. 1906.

Masson : Huit Conferences. Paris. 1909.

Maricourt : Napoleon dans sa Vie intime. Paris. 1862.

M^LiA : Les Idees de Stendhal. Paris. 1910.

Meneval : Napoleon et Marie Louise. Paris. 1843.

Meneval : Memoires pour servir . . . Paris. 1894.

Macaggi : Napoleon, Part IL Paris. 1895.

Marquiset : Napoleon stenographic. . . . Paris. 1913.

Mouravit : Napoleon bibliophile. Paris. 1905.

MiJLLER : Erinnerungen. Braunschweig. 1851.

Napoleon : Precis des Guerres de Frederic. Paris. 1872

Napoleon : Precis des Guerres de Turenne. Paris. 1872.

Napoleon : Precis des Guerres de Cesar. Paris. 1836.

Napoleon : Correspondence \vith Joseph. London. 1855.

Niox : Napoleon et les Invalides. Paris. 1911.

O'Meara : A Voice from St Helena. London. 1822.

Panckoucke : CEuvres de Napoleon Bonaparte (Genealogy,
Vol. L). Paris. 1822.

Petetin : Commentaires de Napoleon L Paris. 1867.

Pelet : Napoleon in Council. Edinburgh. 1837.



292 BIBLIOGRAPHY

Peyre : Napoleon et son Temps. Paris. 1888.

PiNGAUD : Bemadotte . . . Paris. 1901,

Pacca : Memoirs. London. 1850.

Randot : Napoleon peint par lui-meme. Paris. 1865.

Remusat : Memoires. Paris. 1880.

Remusat : Lettres, 1804-1815. Paris. 1881.

Rocca : Le Nid de I'Aigle. Paris. 1905.

Rose (J. H.) : Life of Napoleon. London. 1913.

Rose (J. H.) : Personality of Napoleon. London. 1912.

Rose (J. H.), Napoleonic Studies. London. 1906.

Rosebery (Lord) : Napoleon : The Last Phase. London.

1904.
Rosen (Lew.) : Napoleon's Opera-Glass. London. 1897.
Sainte-Beuve : Chateaubriand. . . Paris. 1834.
Skalkowski : Concemant la Pologne, 1805-1815. Warsaw.

1911.
Sklower : Entrevue de Napoleon I. et de Goethe. Lille.

1853.
Stourm : Les Finances du Consulat. Paris. 1902.
Stendhal : Vie de Napoleon. Paris. 1876.
SoREL : Bonaparte et Hoche. Paris. 1896.
Talleyrand : Memoirs. Paris. 1891.
Thibaudeau : Histoire de la France . . . Paris. 1834.
Tnif BAULT : Memoires. Paris, 1893.
Turquan : Napoldon amoureux. Paris. 1897.
Tschudi : La M^re de Napoleon. Lausanne. 1910.
" Un Croyant " : Paroles Imperiales. Paris. 1848.
ViNOT : Notice historique sur . . . Brienne. Paris. 1888.
Vach^e : Napoleon en Campagne. Paris. 1913.
ViLLEMAiN : Souvenirs contemporains. Paris. 1854.
Welschinger : La Censure sous le Premier Empire. Paris.

1882.
Welschinger : Le Pape et I'Empereur Napoleon. Paris.

1905.
Wairy : Memoires de Constant, premier valet . . . Paris.

1830.



INDEX



A

Accent, Napoleon's bad, 55

Account of Corsica, 56

Acta Diurna, 227

Acton, Lord, 19

/Eyieid, Books I., II., VI., 51

^sop, work of, 51

Agamemnon, 82

Aime -Martin, M., 237

Ajaccio, 2?) et seq.

Alcibiades, 162

Alexander I., Emperor, loi passim

Alexander VI., Pope, 173

Alexander the Great, 41

Allemagne, De !' , 247

Ambition, Napoleon and, 47

Ami des Lois, I' , 223

Antichambre, 1', 71

ApoUonius of Tyana, 57

Arc de Triomphe, 136

Architects, Napoleon dislikes, 134

Aristotle, 32

Arnault, dramatist, 68, 81

Artaud, M., diplomat, 164

Art collection. Napoleon's, 138, 139,

140
Artists' fees, 134
Atala, 259, 261
Athalie, tragedy, 112
Auerstadt, 44
Augereau, Marshal, 235
Aune, L6on, 42
Austerlitz, 43
Auxonne, garrison town, 54, 55

B

Baciocchi, Signor, 29
Baour-Lormian, 68
Barrow, historian, 54
Bardre, 220

Beyle, H. (Stendhal), 264 tt stq.
Benckendorff, Count, 10 1
Bellum Cimbricum, 116
Berthier, Marshal, ii8 passim
Beethoven, 1S2

293



Beugnot, orator, 228
Bernadotte, Marshal, 241
Beauterne, ChevaUer de, 193
Berton, R. P., 53
Beaconsfield (Disraeli), 45
Bible, Napoleon's, 59
Biogi, artist, 254 et seq.
Bonaparte pire, 27 passim
Bozzi, Signor, 30
Bozzi, family of, 38
Bossuet, 52 '
Boileau, 52
BosweU, James, 56
Bourgoin, Mademoiselle, 83
Bourrienne, de, 115 passim
Bonaparte Crossing the Alps, 146
Borghese Marbles, 167
Bonaparte et les Bourbons, 228
Brienne, school of, 50
Brutus (Voltaire), 66
Britannicus, 78
Brizzi, tenor, 181
Brumaire, Day of, 219
Brunswick, Duke of, 246
Brigadier GSrard {\. Conan Doyle),

250
Buona Parte, 33
Buonaparte, Francis, 34
Buonaparte, Gabriel,
Buonaparte, Ludovico (More), 34
Buonaparte, Jerome (1579), 34
Buonaparte, Augustus, 35
Buonaparte, Sebastian, 37
Buonaparte, Joseph (1660), 38
Buonaparte, Sebastian Nicholas. 38
Buonaparte, Nicolo, 68
Buffon, 54

Bulletin de Paris, 220
Byron, Lord, 263 passim



Cacault, diplomat, 159
Carthaginians in Corsica, 24
Capulets and Montagues, 27
Calonne, M. de,



294



INDEX



Caesars, Byzantine, 33
Caesars, Roman, 33
Castracani, Castruccio, 33
Caesar, Julius, 41
Caesar, works of. 51
Camoens, work of, 51
Canova, 158 et seq.
Campo-Formio, 159
Catholicity and Art, 172
Catechism, the Imperial, 209 et seq.
Caprara, Cardinal, 215 e/ seq.
C6sar, coachman, 91
Charlemagne and Corsica, 25
Charles VI., Emperor, 26
Churchill, family of, 32
Charles XII., 43
Chateau, R. P., 53
Choiseul, Due de, 70
Chaptal, Minister, 83
Chameroi, Mademoiselle, 83
Chantilly, chateau de, 133
Chatsworth House, 165
Chaband, Monsieur, 237, 238
Christ, Napoleon on, 196
Chateaubriand, 259 et seq.
Chuquet, biographer, 52, 56
Cicero, works of, 51
Cinna, 93

Claudius, Emperor, 124
Cluny, chateau de, 133
Cimarosa, 183
Corsica, 20 et seq.
Corsican Vendette, 22
Colonna gens, 30, 33
Cond6, 42

Cornelius Nepos, 51
Corneille, 18, 51, 62 et seq.
Confrat Social, le, 55
Constant, Benjamin, 237 et seq.
Constant, body servant, 82 passim
Com6die Fran9aise, 100 passim
Corregio : Saint JerSme, 138
Coronation of Napoleon, 151 et seq.
Consalvi, Cardinal, 160
Correspondance, 180
Courrier de VArmie. 231
Commons, House of, 195
Crescentini, tenor, 181
Cromwell, Oliver, 32
Cumberland, Duke of, 43

D

Daedalus and Icarus, 158
Davout, Marshal, 44



Daru, of&cial, 109

Dazincourt, M., 112

David, Imperial painter, 142 et seq.

David, J. L. I., biographer, 146

Denou, an intellectual, 58

Decrds, official, 130

Deists and God, 192

Delphine. 241

De I'Allemagne, 247

De Virts (Nepos), 51

De la LittSrature, 240

Diodorus Siculus, 25

Disraeli, Benjamin, 45

Dion Cassius, 124

Dow, artist, 138

Drost, Barou, 27

Douglas, Marquis of, 155

Dreyfous, Maurice, 260 .

Duval, Alex., 70

Dupaty, dramatist, 71

Duroc, Earl Marshal, 76

Durer, A., 138

Duphot, General, 259



EcKERMANN, secretary, 107, 108
Education, Napoleon on, 206
Elisa Bonaparte, 56
En Corse (Merim6e), 29
Encyclopaedists. 264
Enghien, Due d', 113, 201, 223, 262
Erasmus, works of, 51
Erfurt, Congress of, 108 et seq.
Eroica, symphony, 182
Esprit des Lois, 55
Etruscans in Corsica, 24
Eutropius, 51



F^NfeLON, Archbishop, 52
Fesch, Cardinal, 197
Fievee, editor, 220 et seq.
F16chier, 52
Fleet, the (prison), 27
Fleury, director, 91
Fontanes, M. de, 117
Fontenelle, 18
Fouche (Otranto), 219 et seq.
Frederick II., of Prussia, 43
Freemasonry, 57
Friedland, battle of, 116



INDEX



295



Gautier, critic, 237

Gazette de France , fa , 2 1 8

Georgics, Fourth Book of the, 51


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 16

Online LibraryHamil GrantThe soul of Napoleon → online text (page 16 of 17)