A JOLLY MOTHER GOOSE PARTY
FOR a Mother Goose Part} 7 send out the
following invitations :
Reunion of the Goose Family.
from eight to eleven o'clock.
With this card may be inclosed another,
upon which may be written :
Please come costumed as one of the gos-
lings, and bring an original verse explain-
ing your mishaps.
Out-Door Fetes 127
As, for example, Old Mother Hubbard
might write :
" I 'd been giving a tea
All the ladies were there :
And that must explain
Why my cupboard was bare."
Or the " Old Man Dressed all in Leather"
might ask :
" "Why do I dress in leather ?
The reason I '11 unfold :
One day I dressed in cassimere
And caught a dreadful cold."
Secure a large pan such as bread is
mixed in, and cover it with a large sheet
of light brown wrapping-paper. Cut the
paper an inch and a half larger than the
pan, cut a hole in the middle large enough
to admit a man's hand, and secure the
paper around the outside edges of the pan
This ' ' Jack Homer " pie graces the
head of the table later.
The servant who admits the guests
receives from them the envelope contain-
ing their verses, and places them, still
sealed, in the pie.
128 Lawn Parties and
Mother Goose may stand conveniently
near the entrance to the drawing-room,
and should greet the guests by name it'
During the evening a slip of paper is
handed to each guest with the name of
one of the Mother Goose characters upon
it. The hostess retains a list of these, and
calls each, in turn, to repeat within the
space of one minute the familiar verse
relative to this character. Failing to do
this, a forfeit must be paid. The one who
is most prompt in responding correctly
may receive as a pledge a goose-quill pen,
and the one who fails, a copy of " Mother
Goose." Just before refreshments are
served the u Goose Drill" may be partici-
pated in to the time of a march, and the
couples proceed to the refreshment-room,
where they are served to :
( 1 ) Shared by the Walrus and Carpenter.
(2) A King's dish.
(3) A Queen's lunch.
(4) Taffy's spoils.
(5) The golden eggs.
(6) Fragments from the "old woman's broom,"
Out-Door Fetes 129
(7) "What the baker made.
(8) Sample of the Pieman's ware.
(9) Jack-a-daudy's delight.
(10) What the ships brought.
The numbered list of refreshments may
be printed upon small cards, which may be
retained as souvenirs of the occasion. The
guests order what they choose. The key,
which is retained by the hostess, is as
follows : -
No. 1 Oysters.
No. 2 Bird pie.
No. 3 Bread and honey.
No. 4 Beef sandwiches.
No. 5 Egg sandwiches.
No. G Cheese-straws.
No. 7 Rolls.
No. 8 Washington cake-pie.
No. 9 Plum cake.
No. 10 Apples and comfits.
After refreshments have been partaken
of, each guest in turn reaches into the
depths of the " Jack -Homer " pie and
removes a plum - - one of the sealed envel-
opes and reads aloud the verses con-
HALLOWEEN ROMPS AND FROLICS
HALLOWEEN ROMPS AND
AVHAT Hallow's Eve, or Halloween, as it
is popularly called, means, or how it came
by its extravagant and fantastic customs,
is unknown. It is the vigil of Hallowmas
or All Saints' Day. yet it has no Christian
meaning, but, on the contrary, is essen-
tially paganistic. Authorities agree in
placing it under pagan festivals, and abso-
lutely separate it from any Christian anni-
versary. The most ancient of Halloween
customs was the building of a huge bonfire
by each household; on that night spirits
were supposed to walk the earth, strange
dreams foretold prosperity or adversity,
lovers were tested by various charms,
future marriages were arranged, and the
wilder the superstition the more current
1J4 Halloween Romps
In modern times Halloween has always
been enjoyable because of the popular
superstitions attaching to it as a night
when any supernatural story might be
believed, any charm tested, any frolic
permitted, a night when imagination
might run riot, and any ceremony, how-
ever extravagant, be indulged in.
We are all of us the better for an occa-
sional frolic, and Halloween, with its quaint
customs and mystic tricks, affords oppor-
tunity for much innocent merriment.
ARRANGEMENTS FOR A PARTY
WHEN one has decided on a Halloween
frolic, and the invitations have been ar-
ranged and sent, many problems confront
the hostess, each requiring more thought
than the ordinary party.
The matter requiring most thought is,
perhaps, the decoration of the rooms. The
Halloween arrangements which are too
elaborate miss their point. An ideal place
in which to hold such a party is the large,
old-fashioned country barn, with the sweet-
smelling mows above, and the soft light of
and Frolics 135
many lanterns hung from the rafters. With
the barn party, however, the almost indis-
pensable wood fire must, of necessity, be
outside. In the majority of cases the party
should meet in the house, within a few
rooms, and the old-fashioned pumpkin or
squash be the chief dependence.
Let all the light that is used, either
in doors or out, come from pumpkin lan-
terns. The smaller ones, hollowed out and
with grotesque faces cut in the rind, should
be fastened with wire around ordinary gas-
burners, while one huge pumpkin, with a
lamp looking out from the grinning face,
and apples, nuts, and oranges piled around
it, will make a sufficiently striking centre-
piece for the supper-table. To add weird-
ness and quaintuess to the Jack-o'-lanterns,
when the pulp has been removed and a
large incision made for the face, stretch
over the opening a grim mask of colored
paper, with nose, eyes, and mouth cut as
you would in a pumpkin, and glue it fast
over the incision. Use a different color for
each pumpkin. These many colored faces
are more effective in a dark room than the
136 Halloween Romps
ordinal*} 7 Jack-o'-lantern. Candles placed
inside should not be lighted until the guests
For the rest, bunches of wheat or grasses
over pictures and in vases, ears of ripened
corn, and festoons of brilliant cranberries
strung upon a thread, will give a sugges-
tion of the countrv to the scene. Wherever
possible, have a roaring, crackling, open fire.
How TO ENTERTAIN THE GUESTS
ANY innocent joke, perpetrated in a spirit
of friendly mischief, will befit the night.
The idea of the olden time centred around
the pairing of lad and lass; hence the
chestnuts were put before the fire to test the
future of those whose names they bore, -
if they burned steadily, the courtship would
go well; if they popped apart, the course of
true love would not run smooth. Hand-
glasses, with apples beside them, should be
placed here and there, so that the modern
Eve may eat her apple and wait for Adam to
peep over her shoulder.
Greater pleasure, however, will be found
in the games which all may play. The
and Frolics 137
tub of water with floating apples which
must be lifted out bv the teeth alone, and
the fork suspended from the ceiling, with
its lighted candle at one end and the
apple from which a bite is to be taken at
the other, will cause much merriment.
The search for the ring in flour is also
much enjoyed. The flour containing a ring
is packed upon a large platter. The guests
each cut off a slice with a knife, and the
one uncovering the ring must pick it up
with his teeth.
Lead, melted in large iron spoons, may
be dropped in water, and fortunes told
from the shapes which it assumes.
Great amusement may be had by plac-
ing two hickory-nuts, about three inches
apart, on the hearth in front of an open
fire. One is supposed to represent the girl
who places it there, and the other, her as
yet undeclared but mentally chosen lover.
Should the nuts burn brightly, a happy
marriage will result. Should the nut
named after the man jump toward the nut
named after the girl, she may expect a pro-
posal before the next new moon.
138 Halloween Romps
HUNTING FOR THE HIDDEN WEDDING-RING
HUNTING for the wedding-ring is another
test which creates great sport. A ring, a
thirnble, and a nickel should be hid some-
where in the room ; to the one who finds the
ring his or her marriage is assured ; the
thimble, he or she will live a life of single
blessedness; the nickel promises wealth.
The weal or woe test is made by trying
to toss an apple through a horseshoe
which is suspended in a doorway at a
convenient height. Each fortune-seeker
tries to throw an apple through the shoe ; if
successful, happiness is his or hers.
The old tricks of swinging a wedding-
ring over a goblet and slowly repeating
the alphabet the letter which is said as
the ring touches the glass being the initial
of the future husband's or sweetheart's
name, walking around the house at mid-
night, and going downstairs backward to
meet one's fate, are familiar to all. If lover
or sweetheart does not appear at the foot of
the steps, or round the corner of the house,
then drink salt water before retiring, and
and Frolics 139
lover or sweetheart will appear in your
dreams, according to tradition, with a cup
of cold water; should you awake before
" Lover is fled !
And you'll never wed."
DIVINING BY THE CAKE WITH CANDLES
MUCH sport may be had at supper-time
by having a large cake in the centre of the
table with as many candles around it as
there are guests, each candle a different
color. The cake is passed last. The
guests each take a candle and a piece of
cake, choosing whatever color pleases their
fancy. As they do so some one reads:
He who takes the candle blue,
Will find his sweetheart ever true.
The pink, the sweetest of them all,
Will wed a fellow six feet tall.
Alas, for yellow, bright to see,
Your lover e'er will jealous be.
Happy she who orange takes ;
Now begin your wedding cakes.
Hopeless, homeless bachelor he,
If white candle his should be.
140 Halloween Romps
The hostess mav evolve some other
pleasant and clever couplets to finish the
list. The candles come in play later, when
each tries his or her fate. All candles
lighted, each holds his at arm's length,
and blows three times ; should the candle
go out the first time, he will be married
that year; if the second, in two years;
if the third, in three years.
Supper may be served between the
games and fate-charms, or afterward, and
may consist of salads, sandwiches, biscuits,
olives, cakes, nuts, apples, and coffee.
INVITATIONS FOR A BROWNIE PARTY
FOR children from seven to ten years a
new and helpful turn to Halloween may
be given by sending out the following
invitation on Brownie note paper:
THE BKOWNIE CLAN
Will met at the home of
October thirty-first, from seven o'clock till nine
Your presence is requested.
and Frolics 141
On the opposite page place the following
verses, with the request that they be
memorized before the party :
We all are Brownies, every one,
We have a hidden wand,
And twining round it are the words:
" We love to lend a hand."
A helping hand is all we have ;
And that we gladly give,
Hurrah ! hurrah ! for Brownies all
Wherever they may live.
We Brownies dearly love a joke,
We are a merry baud,
But most of all and best of all,
We love to lend a hand 1
MYSTERIOUS WORK OF THE BROWNIES
WITH a suggestion or two from the
older folk the children will speedily catch
the spirit of the occasion. While impa-
tiently waiting for the evening in question,
the mysterious work of a Brownie hand
142 Halloween Romps
will be manifest. The lessons will be
learned before the usual time, unasked
errands will be run, the baby will be kept
entertained, and the once disordered room
will be found tidy. On entering the
Brownie precincts on October 31, the
children are mysteriously led, the boys
into one room, the girls into another,
whence the} 7 emerge in Brownie costume,
pointed caps of brown felt with a tassel
dropping to one side, and moccasins of the
felt, with long, pointed toes. These slip-
pers may be put on over the shoes, and so
will deaden the footfalls, as well as make
the figure picturesque. If more elaborate
costuming is desired, the drawings of Mr.
Palmer Cox may be used as models, and
the familiar Dude, Chinaman, Indian, and
Policeman figure in the revels.
BROWNIES READY FOR FUN
IN the centre of the room into which the
children go for refreshments may be a huge
pumpkin, hollowed out and filled with
bundles of all sizes and shapes. As the
children stand in charmed curiosity the
and Frolics 143
hostess explains that these are Brownie
gifts for a needy family in the neighbor-
hood, and then proposes that the band carry
and leave them at the door, and that,
before they go, they sing the song on their
invitations. A circle is formed, and the
children dance and sing the Brownie song :
u We all are Brownies, every one," etc.,
to some familiar tune, then bundles will be
grasped in eager hands, and the Brownie
band will steal forth. A mysterious walk,
much hushed laughter, a loud knock at the
door, and a hurried scamper and the
Brownies are again at headquarters, ready
for fun and froiic. Many of the jokes and
games suggested are appropriate for chil-
dren, and may be carried through with zest
until it is time for the band to disperse.
As the Brownies lay aside their caps and
take up their more usual headgear, inside
each may be hidden a small present - - a
Brownie penwiper, a box of pencils, or any
one of the trifles dear to childish hearts -
to carry home as mementos of an evening
which will always be proof to them that
there may be not only fun and frolic, but
144 Halloween Romps
thouglitfuluess for others, in Halloween
A FAIRY FOLK FROLIC
FOR another sort of revel transform a
room into a fairy grotto, thus : Cover the
side walls with green cambric, - - not too
dark nor too smoothly placed. Loop the
same in easy festoons to cover the upper
wall. Then among these festoons fasten
trailing vines and small tree branches.
Upon the cambric covering the side walls
make rough, free charcoal sketches of
rocks, recesses, caverns, and smaller grot-
toes. Intermingled with and covering
the sharper outlines, place with judicious
taste small trees, branches, and vines,
liberally decorated with spangles, shining
pendants, and baubles. Arrange also glit-
tering draperies of fabrics, known as
cloth of gold and silver, with silver and
gold fringes. Stars, diamond and heart-
shaped figures cut from gilt, amber, and
silver paper should be added. These
decorations may be pinned lightly to the
cambric. Place a few lamps with chim-
and Frolics 145
neys of red, blue, and yellow glass, and,
under their soft tinted light the scene is
The parlors can be similarly arranged
if desired, otherwise the rooms should be
cleared, the carpet covered with white
cloth, and the general decorations may
well consist of bright colored tarletaus
and flowers. In the centre of the room
suspend a bright-colored hoop, to which
gay ribbons, not less than three yards
long, should be fastened at equidistant
points. With these, each claiming a color
to match their costume, the children per-
form the fairy frolic, the changes of
which are similar to the May-pole dance,
except the final braiding of the May pole.
These same ribbons may be used later
in the scarf revel, a beautiful m&lange
of music, color, and motion.
Fairy costumes for little girls are of
tarletan or tulle, liberally ornamented with
glittering fringes and spangles. The queen
ought to wear a crown and elaborately fash-
ioned dress ; the wee godmother a somber
costume, brown bonnet, and spectacles.
146 Halloween Romps
ARRANGING A SCOTCH HALLOWEEN
THIS idea will be particularly appro-
priate, as Scotland is the home of Hal-
loween. Request that the dressing of the
ladies be especially simple, and that
each one may wear a white apron, ker-
chief, and small cap, and that the men
appear either in Highland plaid and kilts,
or in golf costume with Tam-o'-Shan-
ters. Request, also, that those invited
use Scotch words and idioms. If this
has been asked on the invitations the
guests will have an astonishing number
of mystifying words at their tongues' end.
In this day of the " Bonnie Brier Bush"
there are few intelligent people who may
not easily master several phrases. Sing
Scotch songs, some of the more familiar
ones being used as a chorus. During
refreshments have bagpipes played, if a
piper be available, and provide that the
pipes may be in a separate room from
the guests. Later in the evening draw
around the open fire, and have a story
and Frolics 147
which is essentially Scotch, told by a
Recitations of Scotch poems, and read-
ings from Scotch authors, may also be
o * */
given, and add to the pleasure and
knowledge of the guests. Burns' poem
of "Halloween" is especially appropriate,
and " Tarn o' Shanter" will help to pro-
duce the sensation of thrilling excitement,
which is the true Halloween spirit. And,
of course, the evening must close with
all the guests' voices raised in singing
"Should auld acquaintance be forgot?"
HELPS IN ARRANGING TABLEAUX
HELPS IN ARRANGING
UNVARYING rules for successful tableaux
are as hard to give as unvarying rules for
cakes. They both need large dashes of
judgment; yet there are some suggestions
which should be followed accurately if you
desire to devote an evening to this form
WHAT THE MANAGER NEEDS.
To begin with, to be a successful mana-
ger of an affair of this sort, beauty and
age must be overlooked entirely, and the
e} T e must be trained to quick recognition
of a type, and be able to use such a one
intelligently. The promoter of this form
of entertainment must steel his heart and
gird on the armor of patience, for he will
need but little of the former and much
of the latter. The work being usually
152 Helps in Arranging
made more difficult by suggestions, it will
require wonderful dexterity on the part
of the leader to steer successfully his
little company around the shoals of ri
valry into the smiling port of content.
Of course, the beauty of her set may in-
sist upon posing for the principal roles ;
regardless of the fact that her Anglo-
Saxon profile does not suit the part in
the least, and pretty Mrs. Young Wife,
who tips the scales at a hundred and
sixty, may shed many tears if not al-
lowed to impersonate Psyche. These are
the thorns in the path of the manager,
and only one with rare tact can escape
ARRANGING THE STAGE
To get to the actual working details, the
first thing to do is to select your room.
One that connects by folding doors y> r ith
the one to serve as auditorium is the best
to choose. Let the whole space occupied
by the doors be filled in with black gauze
stretched across the opening, and the foot
and top lights placed behind it. This
arrangement produces the effect of a thin
mist, light enough to be easily seen
through, and yet softening the rugged out-
lines and bringing out the points of the
picture at the back with a clearness that is
wonderful. This gauze is one of the most
important features in tableaux, and should
no sooner be disregarded than the arrange-
ment of the stage. Of course, it is to be
understood that reference is made only to
such an entertainment as can be given
in either a city drawing-room or the spa-
cious rooms of a country mansion. Very
few people, no matter how much they may
enjoy theatricals and tableaux, can afford
to set apart a room or hall for such pur-
poses, consequently preparations of the
sort described below must be made when-
ever any such festivities are contemplated.
Your stage must, of course, be raised
above the audience. It should be not less
than fifteen feet in depth, with as much
space behind it as can be spared, and ten
feet in width. To represent banks or
other elevations there must be movable
benches or platforms. Frames for the
154 Helps in Arranging
living pictures must be secured. As all
pictures are not the same size, several
frames must be arranged. Some may be
hired. A simple one can be made by
using moulding by the foot, bordered all
round by cloth of some subdued tone.
Portieres may serve as curtains, yet there
may be possibly some homes where these
hangings are not used ; in which case the
folding doors must screen the actors from
the spectators, and each frame be provided
with a separate bit of gauze, instead of the
one large piece in the doorway doing duty
for all. Once let the stage, the gauze, and
the lights be arranged, and the main
trouble is over.
When the work of selecting the persons
who are to represent these living pictures
begins, the manager must look first for
that much-needed quality grace. Grace
goes farther than any other attribute to
suggest beauty, and it must be kept in
mind that it is a work of art which is to
be represented, lest mere prettiuess deceive
by its superficial attractiveness. In every-
day life a woman is deemed plain if afflicted
with a poor complexion, but in tableaux
this defect does not signify, and should
not be considered.
NOT COLOR, BUT FORM
SOME faces can assume more than one
type by a different arrangement of hair,
costume, and light. The death mask of
Shakespeare reveals this peculiarity, for
in one view we discover the German, in
another the French, and in a third the
Greek. Some have even said they de-
tected a trace of the African. Be that as
it may, many faces are capable of taking
on more than one type, and such are the
best subjects for tableaux. The color of
hair or eyes does not have the bearing on
the artistic representation that form does.
A. dark person may be less suitable for
picturing the Southern and Eastern races
than many fair-skinned children of a
Northern clime. Color is a much more
manageable quality in tableaux than form,
yet even this can be apparently changed
if a little artistic knowledge is brought to
bear upon the operation. A gown of
156 Helps in Arranging
unrelieved black will cause some faces
to appear thin, while the same person, in
a white gown, owing to the reflected lights
which destroy the shadows, will look quite
Strong colors, such as black, dark red,
and blue, should be used where the type
is fine, lacking a subtlety of modelling,
giving the impression of imperfect finish.
If the finish is finer than the type, the use
of lace, the glint of satin, and the reflection
of transparent white give the face the very
opposite quality of severe line.
COLORS BY LAMPLIGHT
GREAT care should be taken in the selec-
tion of colors, as many that appear warm
and lovely in the daytime are quite the
reverse by lamp or gas light. Especially
is this true of many purples, that are
hideous browns under the glare of the gas.
Likewise, some pinks become yellow, some
blues green. Be sure, if you choose any
one of these colors, that they will appear
the same when you wish to use them before
Do not forget that size is only a relative
matter. To represent height or weight,
judicious contrasts serve even a better pur-
pose than actual proportions. A woman
not more than five feet high can be made
to look very tall if she carries her head
well, and no one would think her tiny
unless placed beside other and larger
women. As the single figure in a picture
attired in ruffs and jewels she would appear
People look taller on the stage than in
a room, owing, undoubtedly, to their being
on a higher level and appearing larger, as
figures seen against the sky always do.
Sharp lights and shadows are rare magi-
cians, causing a perfectly proportioned man
or woman to appear absolutely attenuated,
while an over-stout person becomes just
delightfully plump and round.
HAVING gone over f >he mechanical work-
ings of les tableaux vivants, the next thing
to do is to choose the most beautiful and
effective pictures to represent. At Os-
158 Helps in Arranging
borne, the Queen's residence on the Isle
of Wight, among other subjects "The
Four Seasons" and "Taking the Veil"
were given. The former is somewhat
hackneyed, as there never were yet tab-
leaux given by amateurs who did not
claim that subject for their own. How-
ever, it is a pretty picture, and capable
of much originality of thought in the cos-