Hannah More.

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of ages will find it hard to accomplish. Such an author may have been in his season and degree,
the accepted agent of that Providence who works by many and different instruments, by various
and successive means ;^in the same manner as in the manual labour of the mechanic, it is not by
a Bsw ponderous strokes that great operations are effected, but by a patient and incessant follow-
ing up of the blow — by reiterated and unwearied returns to the same object ; in the same manner
as in the division of labour, many hands of moderate strength and ability may, by co-operation,
do that which a very powerful individual might have failed to accomplish. It is the privilege of
few authors to contribute largely to the general good, but almost every one ipay contribute some-
^ng. No book perhaps is perfocUy neutral ; nor are the effects of any altogether indifferent
From all our reading there will be a bias on the actings of the mind, though with a greater ov
less degree of inclination, according to the degree of impression made, by the nature of the sub-
ject, the ability of the writer, and the disposition of the reader. And though, as was above ob-
served, the whole may produce no general effect, proportionate to the hopes of the author ; yet
some truth may be picked out from among many that are neglected ; some single sentiment may be
seized on for present use ; some detached principle may bo treasured up for future practice.

If in the records of classic story we are told, that * the most superb and lasting monument that
was ever consecrated to beauty, was that to which every lover carried a tribute ;' then among the
accumulated production of successive volumes, those which though they convey no new informa-
tion, yet illustrate on the whole some old truth ; those which though they add nothing to the stores
of genius or of science, yet if they help, to establish and enforce a single principle of virtue, they
may be accepted as an additional mite cast by the willing hand of affectionate indigence into the
treasury of Christian morals.

The great father of Roman eloquence has asserted, that though every man should propose to
himself the highest degrees in the scale of excellence ; yet he may stop with honour at tne second
or the third. Indeed me utility of some books to «ome persons would be defeated by their very
superiority. The writer may be above the reach of his reader; he may be too lofly to be pursu-
ed ; lie may be too profound to be fathomed ; he may be too abstruse to be investigated ; for to
mduce delight there must be intelligence ; there must be something of concert and congruity.
There must be not merely that intelligibility which arises from the perspicuousness of the au-
thor : but that also which depends on me capacity and perception of the reader. Between him
who writes and him who reads, there must be a kind of coalition of interests, something of a
partnership (however unequal the capital) in mental property ; a sort of jomt stock of tastes aiid
ideas. The student must have been initiated into the same intellectual commerce with him w^om
he studies; for large bills are only negotiable among the mutnally opulent.

There are perhaps other reasons why popularity is no infallible test of excellence. Many readers
Ten of good faculties if those faculties have been kept inert by a disuse of exertion, feel often most

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ympathy w>th wnCert of a middle olais; and find mora repoae In a medlocrny which loDi and aintmi
the mind, than with a lofUne« and extent which exalta and expands it To enjoj works of an.
perlatiTO ability, as was before aoggrested, the reader most have been accustomed to drink at the
tame gprmg fifom which the writer draws; he most be at the expense of furnishing part of his
own entertainment, hj bringing with him a share of the scienoe or of the spirit with which the
author writes.

These are some of the considerations, which, while my gratitude has been excited by the fa
vourable reception of my various attempts, have helped to correct that vanity which ii so easily
kindled where merit and success ara evidently disproportionate.

For fair criticism I have ever been truly thankful. For candid correction, fVom whatever quar-
ter it came, I have always exhibited the most unquestionaUe proof of my regard, by adopting it
Nor can I call to mind any instance of improvement which has been suggested to me by which
I have neglected to profit* I am not insensible to human estimation. To the approbation of
the wise and good I have been perhaps but two sensible. But I check mvself in the indul-
gence of the dangerous pleasure, bv reoollectin|f that the hour is fast approaching to all, to me it
IS very fast approaching, when no human verdict, of whatever authonty in itself; and however
favourable to its object, will avail any thing, but inasmuch as it is crowned with the acquittal of
that Judge ^hose favour is eternal life. Every emotion of vanity dies away, every swelling of
ambition subsides befora the consideration of this solemn responsibility. And though I have
just avowed my deference for the opinion of private critics, and of public censors ; yet my anxiety
with respect to the sentence of both is considerably diminished, by the reflection, that not the
writiuffs but the writer will very soon be called to another tribunal, to be judged on fu other
grounds than those on which the decisions of literary statutes ara framed : a tribunal, at which the
sentence passed will depend on far other causes than the observation or neglect of the rules of
composition ; than the violation of any precepts, or the adherence to any decrees of critic legisla-

With abundant cause to be humbled at the mixed motives of even my least exceptionable wri-
tings, I am willing to hope that in those of later date, at least, vanity, has not been the govern-
ing principle. And if in sending abroad the present collection, some sparks of this inextinguuh-
able fira should struggle to break out, let it be at once i^uenched by the! rofleotion, that of those
persons whose kindness stimulated, and whose partiality rewarded, my early efforts ; of those
who would have dwelt on these pages with most pleasure, the eyes of the greater part ara dosed,
to open no mora in this world. Even while the pen is in my hand framing this ramark, more
than one affecting corroboration of its truth occurs. May this reflection, at once painful and
salutary, be ever at hand to curb the insolence of success, or to countervail the mortification of
defeat ! May it serve to purify the motives of action, while it inspires resignation to its event !
And may it affect both without diminishing the energies of duty — without abating the activitr
of labour.

Bath, 1801.

• Ifitbeo1i|}eet«i that this has not been the case with reipea to one ringle pasnie wWeh has exdted some
sontroveny, it hat arisen not firom any want of openness to conviction in nw, bat fton my conesivinf mpttitttm
hate besa misondentood and, Ibr that reason only, misvepnsented.

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TIm Poppet Show . . 13

VlieBasBleu, ... . . 14

BooDer*» Ghost, 18

Flnrio, 10

The SlaTc Tnde, 27

Dan and Jane^ or Faith and Works, . 30

An Heroic Epistle to Miss Salhr Home, . 31
Sensibility : an Epistle to the Hon. Mrs. Bos-

cawen, 32

Sir Eldred of the Bower, a Legendary Tale, 36

The Bleeding Rock, 40

Ode to Dragon, 42

On the ReT. Mr. Penrose— On Mrs. Blandfon}
—On Mrs. Little— On General Lawrence
—On Birs. Elizabeth Ives— On the Rev.
Mr. Hunter— On C. Dicey, Esq.— On a
yonng Lady — Inscription on a Cenotaph —
£pitaph on the ReV. Mr. Love— On the
Rev. Sir James Stonhoose, Bart— On Mrs.
Stonhouse, 43,44

The Foob'sh Travener : or, a good Inn is a

bad Home, 44

The ImpossibiliJy Concraered: or. Love your

neighbour asyourself, .... 45
Inscnptionin Fairy Bower, ... 46
The Bad Bargain : or, the World set up to

Sale, 46

Robert and Richard : or, the Ghost of Poor

MoUy, 47

The CMPenter: or, the Danger of Evil Ck)m-

TbeRiot : or, HaU* a Loaf k better than no

TreadT • . .49

Patient Joe : or, the Newcastle Collier, . 50
'Rie Gin Shop : or^ a Peep into Piison, . 60
The Two nardpnero, . . . .51

B» Lady and thej»ie, .... 52

TheTlum-Cakes, 52

ISm iBfi Carpet, 63


The True Heroes ; or, the Noble Army of
Martyrs, 54

A Christmas Hymn, 54

Hymn of Praise for the abundant Harvest af-
ter the scarcity of 17»5, .... 65

Here and There, 56

The Honest Bfiller of Gloucestershire, 56

Ug Dionysius, and Squire Damocles, 57

ije Hacl uiey Coftchman : or, the Way to

getaffooa >are, I .... 67
TullKeLefilitics, ... .68

The Old Testament, .... 69

The New Testament, .... 09


The Introduction, If

Moses, 77

David and Goliath, 83

Belriiazzar, 92

Daniel, 101

ReReetiona of Hezekiah, . . . .109
Search after Happiness, . . • .110
Ode to Charity, 119


Mr. Fantom : or, the History of the New Fash-
ioned Philosopher and his man William, 120

The HiatoxT. QrHz..JBiac;SKfiil ; or, the Two
Wealthy Fanners, .... 129

A Cure for Melancholy, . . . .167
The Su nday School, . . . .172


^Pilgrimsr 176

The Vftl^fly of TiaUB, .... 180

The Strait Gate" and the Broad Way, . 182

Parley the Porter, 18e


The Shepherd of SaUsbury Plafai, in two parts, 190

The Two S hff^»^*^"*r in ^ parts, . . 201

The History of Tom White, the Postboy, in
two parts, 284

The History of Hester Wilmot, in two parts,
being the sequel to the Sunday School, 23t

The Grand Assizes, or General Jail Delivery ;
an allegory, 24J

The Servant Man turned Soldier ; an alle^^ory, 343

The Histonr of Betty Brown, the St. Giles's
Orange Girl , with some account of Mrs.
Sponge, the Money-lender, . . . 817

Black Giles the Poacher, in two parts; con-
taining some account of a Family who had
rather live by their Wits than their Work, 261

Tawney Rachel, or the Fortune teller; with
some account of Dreams, Omens, and Con-
jurers, 89tt

Thoughts on the Manners of the Great, . 2C2

An estimate of the Religion of the Fashiona-
ble World, 27a

Chap. I— Decline of Christianity shown by a
Comparative View of the Religion of the
Great in preceding ages, . 278

Chap. II— Benevolence allowed to be the
reigning Virtue, but not exchuhdy the Vir-
tue of uiepresent age, .... 880

Chap. HI— Tlie neglect of Religious Educa-
tion both a cause and consequence of the
decline of Christianity, &c. . 888

Chap. IV— Other symptoms of the declme of
Christianity, dec 9»

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Chap. T— The negligent condact of Christians

DO real objection against Christianity, . 291
Chap. VI — A stranger, from observujg the
fashionable mode of life, would not take
this to be a Christian comitry, . . 296
Chap. VII— View of those who acknowledge
Christianity as a perfect system of morals,
but deny its Divine authonty — ^Morality not
the whole of Religion, .... 300

Remarks on^the ffnrriji fif Mr PiijMmt, mH^
iQJHfi -X ationaTC^irfintiQn ofFranceJiil793» 301


Introduction, 311

Chap. I— Address to women of rank and for-
tune, on the effects of their influence in
Society— Suggestions for the exeilion of it
in various instances, ....

Chap. II— On the Education of Women, .
' Chap. Ill— External Improvement— Chil-
dren's Balls — French Governesses,

Chap. IV — Comparison of the mode of Fe-
male Education in the last age with the
present, 329

Chap. V— On the Religious Employment of
Tmie, 331

Chap. VI — On the early forming of habits —
On the necessity of terming the judgment
to direct those habits, .... 335

Chap. VII— Fdial obedience not the character
of^the age, 338

Chap. VIII— On Female Study, and mitiation
mto Knowledge — Error of cultivating the
imagination to the neglect of the judgment
— Books of reasoning recommended, . 342

Chap. IX— On the religious and Moral use of
History and Geography, . . . 346

Chap. X— On the use of Definitions, and the
moral benefits of Accuracy in Language, .

Chap. XI— On Religjon- The Necessity and
Duty of Early Instruction, shown by anal-
ogy with human learning,

Chap. XII— On the maimer of Instructing
young persons in Rehgion— General Re-
marks on the genius of Christiamty,

Chap. XIII — Hints suggested for furnishing
young persons with a scheme of Prayer, 360

Chap. XIV— The practical use of female
knowledge, with a sketch of the female
character, and a comparative view of the

. . . 363




Chap. XV— Conversation, .^m

Chap. XVI— On the danger of ill-directed

sensibility, 378

Chap. XVII— On Dissipation, and the Modem

Habits of Fashionable Life, . . . 38&
Chap. XVIII— On public AmusemenU, . 398
Chap. XIX — A worldly spirit incompatible

with the spirit of Christianity, . . 397

Chap. XX — On the leading doctrines of Chria*

tianity, &c. with a sketch of the Christiao

character, 403

Chap. XXI— On theduty and efficacy of pray er, 4ir


Chap. I — Christianity an Internal Principle, 417
Chap. II— Christianity a Practical Principle, 42 1
Chap. Ill — Mistakes m Relipon, . . 425
Chap. IV— Periodical Religion, . . 429

Chap. V— Prayer, 432

Chap. VI — Cultivation of a Devotional Spirit, 437.
Chap. VII— The Love of God, . . 440
Chap. VIII— The hand of God to be acknowl-
edged in the dai'y Circumstances of Life, 443
Chap. IX — Christianity universal in its requi-
sitions, 441

Chap. X— Christian Holiness, . . 44£

Chap. XI— On the comparatively small faults

and virtues, 461

Chap. XII— SelfExamination, ... 455
Chap. XIII— Self-Love, .... 460
Chap. XIV— The Conduct of Christians in

their Intercourse with the Irreligious, . 464
Chap. XV— On the Propriety of Introducing

Religion into general Conversation, . 469
Chap. XVI— Christian Watchfuhiess, . 472

Chap. XVII— True and false Zeal, . . 476
Chap. XVIII— Insensibility to Eternal things, 48i
Chap. XIX— Happy Deaths, ' . . . 48#
Chap. XX— The Sufferings of Good Men, 4£.
Chap. XXI— The Temper and Conduct of
Christians m Sickness and in Deatii, . 49C


Prefece to the Tragedies,
The Inflexible Captive,

The Fatal Falsehood, '


Morning Soliloquy,
On Mr. Shapland,



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A noBLB earl I— the name I spare,
Fiom reyerenoe to the liTing heir —
LovM pleasure ; bat to speak the truths
Not mnch refinement gracM the youth.
The path of pleasure which he trod
Was somewhat new, and rather odd ;
For, that he haunted park or. play.
His boose's archives do not say ;
Or that more modish joys he felt,
And would in opera transports melt ;
Or that he spent his morning's prime
In Bond-street bliss till dinoer-time :
No treasur'd anecdotes record
Such pastimes pleas'd the youthful lord.

One stngfle taste historians mention,
A hd unmingled with invention ;
It was a taste you'll think, I iear,
Somewhat peculiar f(ff a peer.
Though the rude democratic pen
Pretends that peers are only men.
Whatever town or country fidr
Was advertised, my lord was there.
Twas not to purchase or to sell —
Why went he then 7 The Muse shall tell.
At fairs he never fail'd to find
The joy congenial to his nibd.
This dear diversion would you know ?
What was it ? 'twas a puppet-show !
Transported with the mimic art.
The wit of Punch enthrall'd his heart,
He went, each evening, iust at six.
When Punch exhibit^ his tricks ;
And, not contented every night
To view this object of delight.
He gravely made the matter known
He must and would have Punch his own ;
For if^ exclaims the noble lord,
Such joys these trannent yiews afford
If I receive such keen delight
From a short visit every night,
Tis fair to calculate what pleasure
Will spring from owning such a treasure.
I need not for amusement roam,
I shall have always Punch at home.
He rav'd with this new ianoy bit.
Of Punch's sense and Punch's wit
Not more Narcissus long'd to embrace
The watery mirror's shadowy fiioe ;
Not more Pygmalion long'd to chum
Th* unconscious object of his flame ;
Than long'd the enamour'd legislator
To purchase this delightful creature. *
Each night he regularly sought him.
Nor did he rest till he had bought him.

Soon he accomplishes the measure,
And pays profusely for the treasure :
He bids them pack the precious thing
So careful not to break a spring ;
So anxious not to bruise a feature,
His own new coach must fetch the erettore !
He safely brought the idoU home,
And lodg'd beneath hb splendid dome ,
An obstacles at length surmounted,
My lord on perfect pleasure oovnted.

Vol. I.

If you have feelings, guess you may
How glad he passed the live long day.
His eating room he makes the station
Of his new favourite's habitation.
* Convivial Punch !' he cried, * to^y,
Thy genius shall have full display !
How shall I laugh to hear thy wit
At supper ni|rhtfy as I sit !
And how dehghtful as I dine.
To hear some sallies. Punch, of thine 2'

Next day, at table, as he sat,
Impatient to begin the chat.
Punch was proouc'd ; but Punch, I trow«
Divested of his puppet-show,
Was nothing, was a thin|f of wires,
Whose sameness disappomts and tires.
Depriv'd of all eccentric aid,
The empty idol was betray'd.
No artful hand to pull the springs,
And Punch no longer squeaks or sings.
Ah me ! what horror seiz'd my lord,
'Twas paint, Hwas show, 'twas pasted-board !
He marvell'd why the pleasant thing
Which could such crowds together bring ;
Which charm'd him when thie show was fuU
At home should be so very dull.
He ne'er suspected, 'twas the scenery,
He never dr^unt 'twas the n^achinery ;
The lights, the noise, the tricks, the distance,
Gave uie dumb idol this assistance.
Preposterous peer ! far better go
To thy congenial puppet«how ;
Than buy, divested of its glare.
The empty thing which charm'd theo there.
Be still content abroad to roam.
For Punch exhibits not at home.

The moral of the tale I sing
To modem miUches home I bring
Ye youths, in quest of wives who go
To every crowded puppet-show ;
I^ from these scenes, you choose for lifb
A dancing, singing, dressing wife ;
O marvel not at home to find
An empty figure, void of mind ;
Stript of her scenery and garnish,
A thing of paint, and paste, and vamuh.

Ye candidates for earth's best prize,
Domestic life's sweet charities !
If long you've stray 'd fVom Reason's way,
Enslav'd by fashion's wizard sway ;
If by her witcheries still betray'd.
You wed some vain fantastic maid ;
SnateK*dt not selected, as you go.
The heroine of the puppet-show;
In every outward grace refin'd,
And destitute of nought but mind ;
If skill'd m ev'ry polish'd art.
She wants simplicity of heart ;
On her for bliss if you depend.
Without the means you seek the end
You seek, o'erturning nature's laws,
A consequence without a cause ;
A downward pyramid you place.
The point inverted for the basa.

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Blame your own work, not fate ; nor rail
If bliss so ill 8ecur*d should fait
*Tis afler fancied good to roam, '
*Ti8 bringing Punch to live at home.

And you, bright nymphs ! who bless our eyes,
Witb all thai art, that taste supplies ;
Learn that accomplishments, at best,
Are but the garnish of life's feast ;
And tho* your transient ^ests may praise
Your showy board on gfua days :
Yet, while you treat each frippery sinner
With mere deserts, and call *em dinner,
Your lord who Ztves at home, still feels
The want of more substantial meals ;
Of sense and worth, which every hour
Enlarge Affection's growing power ;
Of worth, not emulous to praise.
Of sense, not kept for gala days.

O ! in the highest, happiest lot,
By woman be it ne'er fiH'got,
Tnat human life's no Isthmian game,
Where sports and shows must purchase fame.
Tho' at the puppet-show he shone.
Punch was poor company alone.
Life is no round of jocund hours.
Of garlands gay, and festive bowers ;
Even to the young, to whom I sing.
Its serious business life will bring.
Tho' bright the suns which now appeal
To gild your cloudless atmosphere.
Oft, unawares, some direful storm,
Berenest skies may soon defbrm ;
In dim Affliction's dreary hour
The flash of mirth must lose its power;
Whilst faith a constant light supplies.
And virtue cheers the darkest skies.

To bless the matrimonial hours
Af list three joint leaders club their powers,
GUmd-naturb, Piett, and Seiise,
Must their confederate aids dispense.

As the soft powers of oil assuage
Of ocean's waves the furious rage ;
Lull to repose the boiling tide.
And the rough billows bid subside ;
Till every angry motion sleep,
Aod soflest tremblin&fs hush tlie deep :
Oood-nature ! thus thy charms coDtro«l
The tumults of the troubled soul :
By labour worn, by care opprest.
On thee the wearied head shall rest ;
From business and distraction free,
Delighted, shall return to thee ;
To th^ the aching heart shall cling.
And find that peace it does not bring.

And while the light and empty fair,
Form'd for the ball-room's daziUng ^lare
Abroad, of speech, so prompt and rapid.
At home, so vacant and so vapid ;
Of every puppet-show the life.
At home, a dull and tasteless wife ; —
The mind with sense and knowledge stor'd
Can counsel, or can soothe its I )rd :
His varied joys or sorrows fbel.
And share the pains it oannct heaL

But, Piety ! without thy aid,
Love's fairest prospects soon must fade.
Blest architect ! rear'd by thy hands,
Connubial Concord's temple stands.
Tho' Wit, tho' Genius, raise the pile,
ThoC Taste assist, tho' Talente smile,
Tho' Fashion, while her wreaths she t
Her light Corinthian columns join ;
Still the frail structure Fancy rears,
A tottering house of cards appears ;
Some sudden gust, nor rare the case,
May shake the building to its base
Unless, bless'd Piety ! thou join
Thy keystone to ensure the shrine ;
Unless, to guard against surprises,
On thy broad arch the temple rises.




The following trifle owes it birth and name to the mistake of a foreigner of distinction wko
save the literal appellation of the Bas-bleu to a small party of friends, who had been <)flen called,
by way of pleasantry, the Blue Slocking§, These little societies have been sometimes misrepre-
sented. . They were composed of persons distinguished, in general for their rank, talents, or re-
spectable character, who mat frequently at Mrs. Vesey's, and at a few otlyer bouses, for the sola
purpose of conversation, and were different in no respect from other parties, but that the company
did not play at cards.

May the author be permitted to bear her gratefbl testimony (which will not be suspected ot
flattery, now that most of the persons named in thb poem are gone down to the grave) to the
many pleasant and instructive hours she had the honour to pass in this oompany ; in which learn
ing was as little disfigured by pedantry, good taste as little tinctured by affectation, and general
conversation as little disgraced by calumny, levity, and the other censurable errors with which it
is too commonly tainted, as has perhaps been known in any societj^.

Vjesrt ! of verse the judge and fi^iend !
AwhUe my idle strain attend :
Not with tho days of early Greece,
T moan to ope my slender piece ;
The rare Symposium to proclaim

Which erown*d th' Athenian's social
Or how A8I^Asu's parties shone.
The first BoB-hleu at Athens known ;
Where Socrates unbending sat,
With ALCiBiaoBi in chat ;

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And Pkakoxs Touchsaied to mix

Tkste, wit, and mirth, with politim.

Nor need I itop my tale to ahow,

At kttflt to readera anch aa you.

How all that Rome eiteeraM polite,

Sapp d with Lnoinxim erery night ;

LocvLUja, who^ from Pootos eome.

Brought oonqnaett, and hrong ht eherriea home.

Name bat the Mppera m th* ApoHo,

What daasics iongea will follow !

How wit flew roond, while each might take

Coochylia ftem the Loorine lake ;

And Attic lah ; and Gamm Htnee,

And lettnce fiom the ide of Cos ;

The firat and last from Greece transplanted,

Ua'd here — becauae the rhrme I wanted :

How pbeaaant*s heads, with coat collected.

And pbennicoptera atood neglected.

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