Hannah More.

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The kwd, however, was so merciful, that, in-
etead of giving them up to the dreadful conse-
quencee of thoir own foUv, as he might have
done without any impeachment of his justice,
he gave tliem immediate comfort, and promised
them that, in due time, his own son should come
down and restore them t? the fUture inheritance
which he should purchase for them. And now
it was, that in order to keep up thoir spirits,
afler they had lost their estate throT%h the folly



of their ancestors, that he began to give them a
part of their former title deed. He continued
to send them portions of it firom time to time
by diflerent fkithfbl servants, whom, however,
these ungrateful people generally used ill, and
some of whom they murdered. But for all this,
the lord was so very forgiving, that he at length
sent these mutineers a proclamation of full and
free pardon by his son. This son, though they
used him in a more cruel manner than toey had
done any of his servants, yet after having Jlnish*
ed the work hia father gave him to do^ went back
into tlie far courUrrf to prepare a place for aHft
them who believe m him ; and there he stiU
lives ; begging and pleading for those unkind
people, whom ne still loves and forgives, and will
restore to the purchased inheritance on the easy
terms of their being heartily sorry for what they
have done, thoroughly desirous of pardon, and
convinced that he is aHe and tnlling to save to
the utmost all them that come unto htm.

I saw, indeed, that many old ofienders ap-
peared to be sorry for what they had done ; that
is, they did not like to be punished for it They
were willing enough to be delivered from the
penalty of their guilt, but they did not heartily
wish to be delivered from the power of it Many
declared, in the most public manner, once every
week, that they were sorry they had done amiss*
that they had erred and strayed like lost sheep,
but it was not enough to declare their sorrow, .
ever so oAen, if they gave no other sign of their
penitence. For there was so little truth in them,
that the lord required other proofs of their sin-
cerity beside their own word, for they often lied
with their lips and dissembled with their tongue
But those who profossed- to be penitents must
give some outward proof of it They were nei
ther allowed to raise heaps of clay, by circum
venting their neighbours, or to keep great piles
lying by them useless ; nor must tnev bartei
them for any of those idle vanities which re
duoed the heaps on a sudden : for I found that
among the grand articles of future reckoning,
the use they had made of the heaps would be s
principal one.

I was sorry to observe many of the fairer part
of these pilgrims spend too much of their heaps
in adorning and beautifying their tenements oi
clay, in painting, white-washing, and enamel. '
ling them. All those tricks, however, did not
preserve them from decay ; and when they grew
old, they even lookea worse for all this cost and
varnish. Some, however, acted a more sensible
part, and spent no more upon their mouldering
tenements than just to keep them whole and
clean, and in good repair, which is what every
tenant ought to do; and I observed that those
who were most moderate in the care of their
own tenements, were most attentive to repait
and warm the ragged tenements of others. Dut
none did this with much zeal or acceptance, but
those who had acquired a habit of overlooking
the things below^ and who also, by the constant
use of Uie telescope had got their natural weak
and dim sight so strengthened, as to bo able to
discern pretty distinctly the nature of the things
above. The habit of fixing their eyes on these
gloricR made all the shining trifles, which com.
pose the mass of things below, at iRf "*?f - '-



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THE WORKS OF HANNAH xMOKE.



their own dimiiialive littleness. For it was in
this case particoUrly true, that things are only
biff or little by comparison ; and there was no
other way of making the thing$ 60^10, appear as
small as they really were, but b^ comparing
them, by means of the telescope, with the things
above. But I observed that the false judgment
of the pilgrims ever kept pace with their wrong
practices ; for those who kept their eyes &sten.
ed on the things below^ were reckoned wise in
their generation, while the few who looked for-
ward to the future glories, were accounted by
the bustlers, or heapers, to be either fools or
mad*

Most of these pilgrims went on in adorning
their tenements, adding to their heaps, grasping
the things bdow as if uey would never let them
go, shutting their eyes, instead of using their
telescope, and neglecting their title deed, as if
it was the parchment of another man*s estate,
and not of their own; till one afler another each
felt his tenement tumbling about his ears.— Oh !
then what a busy, bustling, anxious, terrifying,
distracting moment was that ! What a deal of
business was to be done, and what a strange
time was this to do it in ! Now, to see the con-
fusion and dismay occasioned b^ having lefl
every thing to the lost minute. First, some one
was sent for to make over the yelk)w hcspe, to
another, which the heaper now (ojnd would be
of no use to himself in jhooUng the guif , a
transfer which ought to Lone boe*A madfe wLlie
the tenement wad s^fonc. Ihou there waj u
consultation betweer. tws or Jua. misju r*.



once perhaps, to try to patch up the waffs, and
strengthen the props, and stop the decays of the
tumbling tenement; but not till the masons
were forced to declare it was past repairing (a
truth they were rather too apt to keep back) did
the tenant seriously think it was time to pack
up, prepare and begone. Then what sending for
the wise men who professed to explain the title
deed ! And oh ! what remorse that they had ne-
glected to examine it till their senses were too
confused for so weighty a business I What re^
preaches, or what exhortations to others, to look
better afler their own affairs than they had done^
Even to the wisest of the inhabitants the falling
of their tenements was a solemn thing ; solemn,
but not surprising ; they had long been packing
up and preparing ; they praised their lord*8

{goodness that they had been suffered to stay so
ong ; many acknowledged the mercy of their
frequent warnings, and confessed that those very
dilapidations which had made the house uncom-
fbrtable had been a blessing, as it had set them
on diligent preparation for their future inherit-
ance ; nad made them more earnest in examin-
ing their title to it, and had set them on such a
frequent application to the telescope, that the
thiigs abov6 had seemed every day to approach
nearei and nearjr, and the things below to re
cede and vanish in proportion. These desired
not to be unclothed but to be clothed upon^ for
tney knew that if their tabernacle was dissoibedt
they had en house lot made with hands^ eternal
*}i tn: mavens^



ThL V All Fa' or TE^RS



. v^roif

OR, BEAK Y£ Clfr /^)THj^R*i^ BimfHjSNS,



OiXCE upon a time methonght 1 set oz. ^'x^n a
long journey, and the place thronga .f L.ch I
travelled appeared to be a dark viulcy, ithlcd
was called the Valley of Tears. It had cbtair.ed
this name, not only on account of the many sor-
rowful adventures which poor passengers com*
inonly meet with in their journey through it;
but also because most of thesb travellers entered
it weeping and cryingf, and lefl it in very great
pain and anguish. TTiis vast valley was full of
people of an colours, ages, sizes and dcscrip-
tions. But whether white, or black, or tawny,
all were travelling the same road; or rather
they were taking different little paths which all
led to the same common end.

Now it was remarkable, that notwithstanding
the different complexions, ages, and tempers of
this vast variety of people, yet all resembled each
other in this one respect, that each had a burthen
on his back which he was destined to carry
through the toil and heat of the day, until he
■hould arrive, by a longer or shorter course, at
his journey's end. These burthens would in

feneralhave made the pilgrimage quite in tolera-
le, had not the lord of the valley, out of his
great compassion for these poor pilgrims, pro-



vlucJ, atcong oJ:3r tlingiS, the following meant
fx. ibelr i?i;cf .

In thcii fUl view over the entrance of the
vailey, *JieTb were written, in great letters of
gold, ihe following words :

Bear ye one 3nother*s htrihens.
Now I saw in ray vision that many of th*
travellers hurried on without stopping to read
this inscription, and others, though they had
once read it, yet paid little or no attention to it
A third sort thought it very good advice for
other people, but very seldom applied it to them-
selves. They uniformly desired to avail them-
selves of the assistance which by this im'unctioQ
others were bound to offer them, but seldom con-
sidered that the obligation was mutual, and that
reciprocal wants and reciprocal services formed
the strong cord in the bond of charity. In shorty
I saw that too many of these people were of opi-
nion that they had burthens enough of their own,
and that there was therefore no occasion to tak«
upon them those of others; so each tric^ to make
his own load as lijjht, and his own journey as
pleasaht as he could, without so much as ones
easting a thought on a poOT^^verloaded neigh
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THE WORKS OF HANNAH MORE.



181



boor. Here, howerer, I have to make a rather
aiogular remark, by which I shall plainly show
the folly of these selfish poople. It was so or-
dered and contrived by the lord of this valley,
that if any one stretched ont his hand to lighten
a neighbour's burthen, in fact he never failed to
find uiat he at that moment also lightened his
own. Besides the benefit of helping each other,
was as mutual as the obligation. If a man help.
ed his neighbour, it commonly happened that
some other neighbour came by-and-by and help.
ed him in his turn ; for there was no such thing
ai what we called independence in the whole
▼alley. Not one of all these travellers, however
stout and strong, could move on comfortably
without assistance, for so the lord of the valley,
whose laws were all of them kind and good, had
expressly ordained.

1 stood still to watch the progress of these
poor way.faring people, who moved slowly pn,
like so many Ucket-porters, with burthens of
rarious kinds on their backs ; of which some
were heavier, and some were lighter, but from
a burthen of one kind or other, not one traveller
was entirely free. There might be some dif.
ference in the degree, and some distinction in
the nature, but exemption there was none.

The Widow.

A sorrowful widow, oppressed with the bur.
then of grief for the loss of an affectionate hus-
band, moved heavily on ; and would have been
bowed down by her heavy load, had not the
surviving children with great alacrity stepped
forward and supported her. Their kindness
afler a while, so much lightened the load which
threatened at first to be intolerable, that she
even wont on her way with cheerfulness, and
more than repaid their help, by applying the
strength she derived from it to their future as.
sistance.

Tfm Husband,

I next saw a poor old man tottering under a
burthen so heavy, that I expected him ever^
moment to sink uuder it. I f«eped into his
pack, and saw it was made up of many sad ar-
ticles ; there were poverty, oppression, sickness,
debt, and, what made by far the heaviest part,
ondotiful children. I was wondering how it
was that be got on even so well as ho did, till
I spied his wife, a kind, meek, christian woman,
who vn» doing her utmost to assist him. 8he
quietly got behind, gently laid her shodder to
the burthen, and carried a much larger portion
of it than appeared to me when 1 was at a dis-
tanee. It was not the smallest part of the be-
nefii that she was anxious to conceal it. She
not only sustained him by her strength, but
cheered him by her counsels. She told him,
that * through much tribulation we must enter
into rest ;* that * he that overcometh shall in>
hant all thin^.* In short, she so supported
bis fainting spirit, that he was enabled to * run
with patience the race which was set before liim..

The Kind Neighbour,

An infirm blind woman was creeping forward
with a very heavy burthen, in which were
packed sickness and want, with numberless



other of those raw materials, out of which hu.
man misery is worked up. She was so weak
that she could not have got on at all, had it not
been for the kind assistance of another woman
almost as poor as herself; who, though she had
no light burthen of her own, cheerfnTly lent an
helpin? hand to a fellow traveller who was still
more heavily laden. This friend had indeed
little or nothing to give, but the very voice of
kindness is soothin? to the weary. And I re.
marked in many other cases, that it was not so
much the degree of the help afforded, as the
manner of helping that lightened the burthens.
Some had a coarse, rou^h, clumsy way of as-
sisting a neighbour, which, though in fact it
might be of real use, yet seemed, by galling the
traveller, to add to the load it was intended to
lighten; while I observed in others that so
choap a kindness as a mild word, or even an
affectionate look made a poor burthened wretch
move on cheerily. — The bare feeling that some
human being cared for him, seemed to lighten
the load. — But to return to this kind neighbour.
She had a little old book in her hand, the covers
of which were torn out by much use. When
she saw the blind woman ready to faint, she
would read her a few words out of this book,
such as the following — * Blessed are the poor in
spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.*—
* JBlessed are they that mourn for they shall be
comforted.* — • I will never leave thee nor for-
sake thee.* — For our light afHiction, which is
but for a moment, worketh out for us a far more
exceeding and eternal weight of glory.* These
quickened the pace, and sustained the spirits
of the blind traveller : and the kind neighbour
by thus directing the attention of the poor suf-
ferer to the blessings of a better world, helped
to enable her to sustain the afflictions of this,
more effectually than if she had had gold and
silver to bestow on her.

The Clergyman,

A pious minister, sinking under the weight
of a dbtressed parish, whose worldly wants he
was totally unable to bear, was suddenly re.
lieved by a charitable widow, who came up and
took all the sick and hungry on her own shoul.
ders as her part of the load. The burthen of
the parish thus divided became tolerable. The
minister being no longer bowed down by the
lemporal distredses of hu people, applied him-
<ielf checrfUUy to his own part of the weight
And it ^as p)ea8ant to see how those two per.
30CS, neither of them very strong, or rich, or
healthy, by thus kindly uniting together, were
enabled to bear the weight of a whole parish ;
though singly, either of them must have sunk
under the attempt. And I remember one great

f'ief I felt during my whole journey was, that
did not see more of this union and concurring
kindness, more of this acting in concert, by
whjch all the burthens might have been so
easily divided. It troubled me to observe, that
of all the laws of the valley there was not one
more frequently broken than the law ofkindnooe

The Negroes,

1 now spied a swarm of poor black men, wo.
men, and children, a multitude which no man



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THE WORKS OF HANNAH MORE.



could number; these groaned and toiled, and
sweated, and bled under far heavier loads than
I have yet seen. But for a while no man help-
ed them ; at length a few white travellers were
touched with the sorrowful sighing of those
millions, and very heartily did they put their
bands to the burthens ; but their number was
not quite equal to Uie work they had undertaken.
I perceived, however, that they never lost sight
of those poor heavy.laden wretches; though
oflen repulsed, they returned again to the
charge ; though discomfited, they renewed the
effort, and some even pledged themselves to an
annual attempt till the project was accomplish,
ed ; and as the number of these generous help,
ers increased every year, I felt a comfortable
hope, that before aU the blacks got out of the
▼alley, the whites would fairly divide the burthen,
and the loads would be effectually lightened.

Among the travellers, I had occasion to re.
mark, that those who most kicked and struggled
under their burthens, only made them so much
the heavier, for their shoulders became ex*
tremely galled by those vain and ineffectual
struggles. The load, if borne patiently, would in
the end have turned even to the advantage of
the bearers, for so the* lord of the valley had
kindly decreed ; but as to these grumblers, they
had all the smart, and none of the benefit ; they
had the present suffering without the future re.
ward. But the thing which made all these
burthens seem so very heavy was, that in every
one without exception, there was a certain inner
packet^ which most of the travellers took pains
to conceal, and kept carefully wrapped up ; and
while they were forward enough to complain
of the other part of Uieir burthens, few said a
word about this, though in truth it was the
pressing weight of this secret packet which
served to render the general burthen so intoler.
able. In spite of all their caution, I contrived
to get a peep at it I found in each that this
packet had the same label ; the word sin was
written on all as a general title, and in ink so
black, that they could not wash it out I oh.



served that most of them took no small pain* to
hide the writing; but I was surprised to 8e&>that
they did not try to get rid of the load but the
label. If any kind friend who assisted these
people in bearing their burthens, did but so
much as hint at the secret packet^ or advise
them to get rid of it, they took fire at once, an4
commonly denied they had any such article in
their portmanteau ; and it was those whose #0«
cret packet swelled to the most enormous size,
who most stoutly denied they had any.

I saw with pleasnre, however, that some who
had long laboured heartily to ^t rid of this in-
ward packet, at length found it much diminish-
ed, and the more this packet shrunk in size, the
lighter was the other part of their burthen also.
I observed, moreover, that though the label, al-
ways remained in some degree indelible, yet
that tliose who were earnest to get rid of the
load, found that the original traces of the label
prrew fainter also ; it was never quite obliterated
in any, though in some cases it seemed nearly
effaced.

Then methought, all at once, I heard a Tuice,
as it had been the voice of an angel, crying out
and saying, *Ye unhappy pilgrims, why are
ye troubled about the burthen which ye are
doomed to bear through this valley of tears 7
Know ye not, that as soon as ye shall have es.
capcd out of this valley the whole burthen shall
drop off, provided ye neglect not to remove that
inward weight, that secret load of sin which
principally oppresses you 7 Study then the whole
will of the lord of this valley. Learn from him
how this heavy part of your burthens may now
be lessened, and how at last it shall be removed
for ever. Be comforted. Faith and hope may
cheer you even in this valley. The passage,
though it beems long to weary travellers, is com.
paratively short ; for beyond there is a land of
everlasting rest, where ye shall hunger no more
neither thirst any more, where ye shall be led
by living fountains of waters, and all tears shaU
be wiped away from your eyes.'



THE S^rRAIT GATE AND THE BROAD WAY

AN ALLEGORY.



Now I had a second vision of what was pass,
iog in the Valley of Tears. Methought I saw
again the same kind of travellers whom I had
seen in the former part, and they were wander,
ing at large through the same vast wilderness.
At first sotting out on his journey, each travel,
ler had a small lamp so fixed in bis bosom that
it seemed to make a part of himself ; but as this
natural light did not prove to be sufficient to
direct them in the right way, the king of the
country, in pity to their wanderings and blind-
ness, out of his gracious condescension, pro.
mised to give those poor wayfaring people an
additional supply of light from his own ro^al
treasury. But a? he did not choose to lavish
his favours where there seemed no disposition
to receive them, he would not bastow any of hia
oil on such as did not think it worth asking for



* Ask and ye stf^ll have,' was the anivereal rule
he had laid down for them. But though they
knew the condition of the obligatiou, many
were prevented from asking through pride and
vanity, for they thought they had light enough
already, preferring the feeble glimmerings of
their own lamp, tu all the offer^ light from the
king's treasury. Yet it was observed of those
who rejected it, as thinking they had enough,
that hardly any acted up to what even their own
natural light showed them. Others were deter-
red from asking, because they were (did that this
light not only pointed out the dangers and di£cul.
ties of the road, but by a certain reflecting power,
it turned inward on themselves, and revealed
to them ugly si^hbi in their ovn hearts, to
which they rather chose to be blind ; for those
travellers were of that prepcistoroua number



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THE WOBKS OF HANNAH MORE.



183



who *elio0e dtrkneM rather than light,* and for
the old obvious reason, * because their deeds were
eTil.* Now, it was remarkable that these two
properties were inseparable, and that the lamp
would be of little outward use, except to those
who used it as an internal reflector. A threat
and a promise also never failed to accomponj^
the ofTer of this light from the king ; a promise
that to those who improved what they had, more
should be given ; and a threat, that from those
who did not use it wisely, should be taken away
wen what they had.

I observed that when the road was very dan-
gerous ; when terrors, and difficulties, and death
beaet the fervent traveller ; then, on their faithful
importunity, the king voluntarily gave large
mnd bountifiil supplies of light, such as in com-
mon seasons never could have been expected-:
always proportioning the quantity given to the
necessity of the case ; * as their day was, such
was their light and strength.'

Though many chose to depend entirely on
their own original lamp, yet it was observed
Chat this light was apt to go out if left to itself.
It was easily blown out by those violent gusts
which were perpetually howling through the
wilderness ; and indeed it was the natural ten-
dency of that unwholesome atmosphere to extin-
guish it, just as you have seen a candle ^o oul
when exposed to the vapours and foul air of a
damp room. It was a melancholv sight to scp
multitudes of travellers heedlessly pacing on,
boasting they had light enough of their own,
and despising the ofrer of more. But what as*
tonisbed me most of all was, to see many, and
some oC them too accounted men of first rate
wit, actually busy in blowing cut their own light,
because while any spark of^it remained, it only
served to torment them, and point out things
which they did not wish to see. And having
once blown out their own light, they were not
easy till they had blown out that of their neigh-
bours alflo; so that a good part of the wilderness
seemed to exhibit a sort of universal blindman^s
btf/T, each endeavoring to catch his neighbour,
while his own voluntary blindness exposed him
to be caught himself; so that each was actually
falling into the snare he was laying for another,
till at length, as selhshness is the natural con-
sequence of blindness, * catch he that catch can,*
became the general motto of tlie wilderness.

Now I saw in my vision, that there were some
others who were busy in strewing the most gaudy
flowers bver the numerous bogs, and precipices,
and pitfalls with which the wilderness abounded ;
and thus making danger and death look so ipv,
that poor thoughtless creatures seemed to delight
in their own destruction. Those pitfalls did not
appear deep or dangerous to the eye, because
over them were raised gay edifices with alluring
names. Those were filled with singing men and
singing women, and with dancing, arjd feasting,
and gaming, and drinking, and jollity, and mad-
oesj. But though the scenery was gay, the
footing was unsound. The floors were full of



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