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boles, through which the unthinking merry-
makers were continually sinking. Some tum-
bled through in the middle of a song ; more at
the end of a feast ; and though there was many
A. eup of intoxicatbn wreatlied round with flow-

ers, yet there was alwavs poison at the bottom
But what most surprised me was that though nc
day past over theif* heads in which some of the
most merry-makers did not drop through, yet
their loss made little impression on those who
were left Nay, instead of being awakened to
more circumspection, and self-denial by the con-
tinual dropping off of those about them, several
of them seemed to borrow from thence an argu-
ment of a direct contrary tendency, and the very
shortness of time was only urged as a reason to
use it more sedulously tor the indulgence in
sensual delights. 'Let us eat and drink, for to-
morrow we die.' *Lot us crown oursehes with
rose-buds before they are withered.' With fjese
and a thousand other such little inscriptions, the
gay garlands of the wilderness were decorated.
Some admired poets were set to work to set the
most corrupt sentiments to the most harmonious
tunes ; these were sung without scruple, chiefly
inneed by the looser sons of riot, but not seldom
aUo by the more orderly daughters of sobriety,
who wera not aoli&med to sing to the sound of
instrumentG, sentiments so corrupt and immoral,
that they would have blushed to speak or read
them: but tha music seemed to sanctify the
corruption, espeoidlly such as was connected
with love or drinking.

Now I observed that all the travellers who
had 30 muc'*i as a spark of life left, seemed every
now and (nen, as they moved onwards, to cast
an eye, (hough with very diflerent degrees of
attention, towards the Hapin/ Land^ which they
were told lay at the ond of their journey ; but as
they could not see ys.'j far forward, and as they
knew there was a dark and thadowy valley whicli
must needs be crossed bef;;re they could attoin
to the Happy Land^ they tried to turn their at-
tention from it aa much as they could. The
truth is, they were not 'sufficiently apt to consult
a map and a road-book which the King had
given Ihem, and which pointed out the path to
the Happy Land so clearly, that the * wayfaring
men, though simple, could not err.' This map
also defined very correctly the boundaries of tins
Happy Land from the Land of Miseryy both of
which lay on the other side of the dark and sha-
dowy valley ; but so many beacons and llirht-
houses were erected, so manj clear and explicit
directions furnished for avoiding the one coun-
try and attaining the other, that it was not the
king's fault, if oven one single traveller got
wrong. But I aoi inclined to think that, in
spite of the map and the road-book, and the
King's word, and his cfTers of asbistance to get
them thither, that the travellers in general did
not heartily and truly believe, after all, that
there was any «5uch country as the Happy Land;
or at least the paltry and trani>icnt pleasures of
the wilderness sc bj^sotted thoni, the thoufrhts of
the dark and shadowy valley so frif^htcned tlicm,
that they thought -hey should be more com-
fort able by ba?ushing all thought and forecast,
and driving the subject quite out of their heads.

Now, 1 also Few in my dream, that there wore
two roads through the wilderness, one of which
every traveller must needs take. The frrst was
narrow, and difficult, and rough, but it was in-
fallibly safe. It did not admit the trr-vellcr to
stray cither to lh« right hand or to the left, yet

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it was far from bem^ deMitate of real comforts
or fcober pi'-a-ures. The other was a broad and
tempting way, aboandtng^ with laxurioas fruiU
and gaudy O'jwers, to tempt the eje and please
the appetite. To fbrg^et this dark vaUey, throagh
which erery traveller was well assured he must
one day pajs«, seemed the object of general de-
tire. To this grand end, all that human inge-
nnity could invent was industriously set to work.
The travellers read, and they wrote, and they
painted, and they song, and they danced, and
they drank as they went along, not so much
because they all cared for these thin^ or had
any real joy in them, as because this restless
activity served to divert their attention from
ever being fixed on the dark and thadotey valley.
The king, who knew the thoaghlless tempers
of the travellers, and how apt they were to forget
their journey *8 end, had thought of a thousand
little kind attentions to warn them of their dan-
gers : and a^ wc sometimes see in our gardens
written on a board in great letters, Bewark or


this king c»ased to be written and stuck up be-
lore the eyes of the travellers, several little
notices and cautions ; such as, * Broad is the
way that leadeth to destruction. — * Take heed,
lest ye also perish.* — * Wo to them that rise up
early to drink wine.* — *The pleasures of sin are
bat for a season,* Slo, Such were the notices
directed to the broad-way travellers ; but they
were so bnsity engaged in plucking tho Powers,
■ometiuies before they were blow n, and in de-
vouring the fruits often before they were ripe, i
and in loading themselves with yellow c2ay, under I
the weight of which milKcns pcriiihc^. that they i
had no time so jnuch as to look at tLe king's |
direcUouf. Many went wrong because they
preferred a merry journey to a safe one, and
because they were terrified by certain notices
ehiefly intended for the narrow-way travellers ;
such as, *ye shall weep aid lamerit, lut the
world shall rejoice :* but had these foolish people
allowed themselves time or patience to reti to
the end, which they s-Idom would do. thoy would
have seen these cnuitbrtable words added, * But
your sorrow^ shall be turned into joy ;' also,
your joy no man taketh from you ;* and, • they
that sow in tears shall reap in joy.*

Now, I also saw in my dream, that many
travellers who had a strong dread of ending at
the Land of Mitery walked up to the Strati
Gate^ hoping that though the entrance was nar-
row, yet if they could once get in, the road would
widen ; but what was their grief, when on look-
ing more closely they saw written on the inside,
♦Narrow is the way;* this made them Uke
fright; they compared the inscriptions with
which the whole wav was lined, such as, * Be
ye not conformed to this world ; deny yourselves,
take up your cross,' with all the tempting plea-
furos of the wilderness. Some indeed recollected
4ie fine dcf^criptions they h&d read of the Happy
Land, the Golden City, and the River$ of Plem-
mre, and they sighed : but then those joys were
listant, and from the faintncss of their light,
they soon got to think that what was remote
might bo uncertain, and while the present good
increased in bulk the distant good receded, di-
minished, disappeared. Their faith failed ; they

would trust no farther than they coald see; tiMy
drew back and got into the Brand Way, takin^^
a common but sad refuse in tlie number, the
fashion, and the gaycty of thtir companiooa
When these faint-hearted peop!»», who yet ha(f
set out well, turned back, their li^ht was quite
pot out, and then they bee i me w(»rse than thoee
who had made no attempt to get in. * For it is
impossible, that is, it i» next to impossible, lor
tho« who were once cnli^rhtened, and have tasted
of the heavenly gift, and tiie good word of God,
and the powers of the world to eome, if they &|1
away, to renew them again to repentance.'

A few honest humble trarellent not naturalhr
stronger than the rest, hot strengthened by their
trust in the king's word, came np, by the light
of their lamps, and meekly entered in at the
Sftait Gate. As they advanced farther thcy^
folt lees heavy, and though the way did not m
reality grow wider, yet they grew reconciled to
the narrowness of it, especially when they saw th«
walls here and there studded with certain jewel*
called promises, such as : *He that enduretn to tht
end shall be saved ;* and ^y grace is sufficient fbt
you.' Some, when they were almost ready tc
faint, were encouraged by seeinsr that many
niches in the Narrow Way were filled with sta
tues and pictures of saints and martyrs, whc
had borne their testimony at the stake, that the
Narrow Way was the safb way ; and these tra-
vellers, instead of sinking at the sight of the
painted wheel aad 7l.jbet,the sword and furnace,
were animated wiU; thc^te words written undet
theni, *Thv>«e that t^car nhitc robes, came out
of great tribulation,' and * be ye followers of
th^se who ilrcu^h faith and patience inherit the

xu. the mean time there came a great rouhi-
tUGd of travellers all from Laodicea ; this was
the largest party I had yet seen ; these were
neither hot nor cold ; they would not give up
fattiri hope, and they could not endure present
pain. So they contrived to deceive themselves,
by fiB eying *hat though they resolved to keep
the ("loppy Land in view, yet theje mubt needs
be mar.y different ways which lead to it, no doubt
ail equally sure, without all being equally rough ;
so they set on foot certain little contrivances to
attain the end without using the means, and
softened down the spirit of the king's directions
to fit them to their own practice. Sometimes
they would split a direction in two, and only use
that half which suited them. For instanop when
they met with the following rule on the way.
post, * Trust in the Lord and be doing good,*
they would take the first half, and make them-
selves easy with a general sort of trust, that
through the mercy of the king all would go well
with Uiem, though they themselves did nothing.
And on the other hand, many made sure that a
few good works of their own would do their
business, and carry them safely to the Happy
Jjand, though they did not trust in the Lord,
nor place any faith in his word. So they took
the second half of the spliced direction. Thu^
some perished by a lazy faith, and others by a
working pride.

A large parly of Pharisees now appeared, who
had so neglected their lamp that the^ did not
see tlieir way at all, though they fancied thcoi-

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tetfen tu be fall of light ; they kopt ap appear-
tnces {K> well as to delude others, and most eflfec-
toally to delude themselves, with a notion that
they might be (bond in the right way at last.
In this dreadfbl delusion they went on to the
end, and till they were finally plunged in the
dark valley, never discovered the horrors which
awaited them on the dismal shore. It was re-
markable that while these Pharisees were oflen
boasting how bright their light burnt, in order
to get the praise of men, the humble travellers,
whose steady light showed their good works to
othcfR, refused all commendation, and the
brighter their light sbined before men, so much
the more they insisted that they ought to glorify
not themselves, bat their Father whicli is in

I now set myself to observe what was the
particular let, molestation and hindrance which
obstructed particular travellers in their endca-
roars to enter in at the Strait Gale. I re-
marked a huge portly man who seemed desirous
of ^tting in, but he carried about him such a
vast prtiviition of bags full or gold, and had on
•o many rich garments, which stuffed him out
•o wide, that though ho pushed and squeezed,
Kke one who had really a mind to get in, yet
he could not possibly do so. Then I heard a
voice crying, * Wo to him who loadeth himself
with thick clay.' The poor man felt somethir«g
was wrong, and even went so for as to change
some of his more cumbersome vanities into
others which pcemed less bulky, but still he
and his pack were much too wide for the gate.
He would not however give up the matter so
easily, but bf^gan to throw away a littie of the
coa!6cr part of his baggage, buttitill I remarked
that he threw away none of the vanities which
lay near his heart He tried again, but it would
not do ; still his» dimensions were too lege. He
now looked up and read these wcrde, ' How
hardly shall those who have riches ecCer into
the kingdom of God.* The poor man c-ghci to
find that it was impossible to enjoy his dl! of
both worlds, and * went away sorrowing.' If he
ever afterwards cast a thought towards the
Happy Land, it was only to regret that the road
which led to it was too narrow to admit any but
the meagre children of want, who were not so
encumbered by wealth as to be too bi^ for the
passage. Had he read on, he would have seen
that * with God all things are possible.'

Another advanced with much confidence of
miccens, for having little worldly riches or ho-
boars, the gate did not seem so strait to him.
He got to the threshold triumphantly, and seem-
ed to look back with disdain on all that he was
qoitting. He soon found, however, that he was
■0 bloated with pride, and stuffed out with solf-
■ufficiency, that he could not get in. Nay, he
was in a worse way than tlie rich man just
named ; for he had been willing to throw away
■ome of his outward luggage, whereas this man
refused to part with a grain of that vanity and
■elf-applnusc which made him too large for the
way. The sense of his own worth so swelled
Aim out that he stuck fast in the gatoway, and
could neither get in nor mh. Finding now that
hj must cat off all th w« ^ij? thoughts of himself^
if he wished to M u^i aced to such a si^e as to

pass the gate, he ga\ c up all thoughts of it. He
scorned that huinility and self-denial which
might have shrunk him down to the proper di-
mensions j the m.ro he insisted on his own qua-
lifications f(i entrruco, the more impossible it
became tz ecter, •• r tne bigger he grew. Find-
ing tliat he yLXi.8l k^.come quite another manner
of man befbrz hz iv:iJd hope to get in, he gave
up the de^ir^; ai?/i I r.ow saw that though when
he set his face tov»a.rc8 the Happy Land no could
not get an inch f.r^vtr??, yet the instant he made
a metier, to lurn tL-.k into the world, his speed
became . a[ id er^ougii. ti.nd he got back into the
Broad Way much ex :\3r than he got out of it.

Many, whc fjr 5 iime were brought down
from their uscal bulk by some afHiction, seemed
to get in with zrzc. Thoy now thought all their
dimculties over, foi Yzving been surfeited with
the world durinr thci: iete disappointment, they
turned their tacK« i.-pzr. it willingly enough, and
fancied they v/cre t^.rei oHt. A fit of sickness,
perhaps, which ie very apt to reduce, had for a
time brought their boc^'es into subjection, so that
they were enabled 'est to get in at the gateway •
but as soon as heahh ';nd spirits returned, tne
way grew narrower zrA narrower to them ; and
thoy could not get on, but turned short, and got
back into the worU. I saw many attempt to
enter who were steppe: short by a large burthen
of worldly cares i others r;y a .oad of idolatrova
attachments ; but I obccn id tl.at "othing proved
a more complete ba: t'r i i: ?X "^.ist bundle of
prejudices with whi?h :-:;J*:!.*ics vere loaded
— Other wore fata^Jy 'Jb:\. uotc^' bj !oads of bad
habits which ll.o/ t??u1 :• jct iiy do ^n, though
they know It pio'cnteci tk«lr f^iraane.

Some ff^, however, of iroct J-scriptions, who
h^d kept \.^Ai light ah- e by craving constant
si'ppiiec frcr, the kir.g't t'eaeary, got through
at laLt cy *, Luen^th -Ahich thsy felt not to be
their cwn. One peer man, who carried the
icigeti bundle cf bad hab-'tg I had seen, could
not get en a step ; he ncvct ce-ised, however, to
•Kipiore for light cnoui;h to see where his mise-
ry lay ; he threw down or*e cf his bundle?, then
ar-cther, but all to little purpose ; still he couio
not stir. At last strivinf^ as if in,agony ^w*:ioi
is who true way of cntermg) he threw d';wij ;r>fc
the heaviest article in his pack ; this wus fiel-
Jishness: the poor fellow felt relieved al uiice,
his light burned brightly, and the rest o* his
pack was as nothing.

Then I heard a great noise as of carpoaters
at work. I looked what this might be, and saw
many sturdy travellers, who finding Uiey were
too bulky to get through, tof^k it mto their heads
not to reduce themselves, but to widen the gate ;
they hacked «in this side, and hewed on that;
but all their hacking and hewing, and hammer-
ing was to no purpose, they got their labour for
their pains. It would have been possible for
them to have reduced themselves, had thoy at-
tempted it, but to widen the narrow way was

What grieved me most was to observe that
many who had got on successfully a good uMy,
now stopped to rest and to admire their own
progress. While they were thus valuing thejn-
selves on their attain^ncnls, their li^^ht diniinlsh
ed. While these wore boasting how far ihcv ha

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left others behind who had set out mach earlier,
some slower travellers whoso beginning bad not
been so promising, but who had walked meekly
and cirbumspectly, now outstripped them. —
These last walked*not as though the^ had already
attained ; but this one thing Uiey ,did, forgetting
the things which were behind, they pushed for-
ward to the mark, for the prize of their hiffh
calling. These, though naturally weak, yet by
laying aside every weighty finUhtd the race that
was before them. Those who had kept their
* light burning,* who were not *wise in their
own conceit,* who ' laid their help on one that is
mighty,* who had chosen to suffer affliction ra.
ther than to enjoy the pleasure of sin for a sea-
son,* came at lenslh to the Happy Land, — They
had indeed the Dark and Shadowy Valley to

cross, but even there they found a rod and a
staff to comfort tham. Their light instead of
being put out bv the damps of Uie Valley and
of the Shadow of Death, often burnt with added
brightness. Some indeed suffered the terrors
of a short eclipse; but even then their light, like
that of a dark lantern, was not put out; it was
only turned for a while from him who carried
it, and even these often finished their course
with joy. — But be that as it might, the instant
they reached the Happy Land, all tears were
wiped ff<*m their eves, and the king himself
came foiih and welcomed them into his pre-
sence, aod put a crown upon their heads, with
these wor<!s, * Well done, good and faithful ser
vanl, cntor thou into the joy of thy lord.*



Showing how robbers without can never get into a house, anless there are traitors within.

Therk was once a certain nobleman who had
a house or castle situated in the midst of a great
wilderness, but inclosed in a garden. Now there
was a band of robbers in tlie wilderness who
had a great mind to plunder and destroy the
castle, but they had not succeeded in their en-
deavours, because the master had given strict
orders to • watck without ceasing,'' To quicken
their vigilance ho used to tell them that their
care would soon have an end ; that though the
nights they had to watch were dark and stormy,
yet they were but few ; the period of resistance
was short, that of rest would be eternal.

The robbers, however, attacked the castle in
various ways. They tried at every avenue,
watched to take advantage of every careless mo-
ment ; looked for an open door or a neglected
window. But though they often made the bolts
shake and the windows rattle, they could never
greatly hurt the house, much less get into it
Do you know the reason ? it was because the
servants were* never off their guard. They
board the noises plain enough, and used to be
not a little frightened, fur they were aware both
of the strength and perseverance of their ene-
mies. But what seemed rather odd to some of
these servants, the lord ustd to tell them, that
while they continued to be afraid they would bo
safe ; and it passed into a sort cf proverb in that
family * Happy is he that fearoth always.' Some
of the servant, however, tho;ight this a contra-

One day, when the master was going fVom
home, he called his servants all together, and
spoke to them as follows : * I will not repeat to
you tha directions I hive so oflcu given you ;
they are all written down in tob book or "laws,
of which every one of you has a copy. Remcn-
bf»r, it is a very short time that yon are to re-
main in this castle; you will soon remove to my
more settled habitation, to a more durable house,
not made with hands. As that hous;; is never
exp3!ied to any attack, so it never stands in need
of any repair; for that country is never infested I

by any sor.s of violence. Here you arc servants;
there you w ill be princes. But mark my words,
and you wiii find the same in the book op mt
LAWS, whether ycu will ever attain to that house,
will depend or. th3 macner in which you defend
yourselves in this. A stent vigilance for a short
time will sticuro your certain tiaopinesa for ever.
But every thing depends en your present exer-
tions. IK>D*t compla'.n and tcke advantage of
my absence, and call me c hard master, and
grumble that you are placed in the midst of an
howling wildernesa without peace or security.
Say not, that you are exposed to temptations
without any power to resist them. You have
some difficulties, it is true, but you have many
helps and miny comforts to make ihis house
tolerable, even before you got to the other. Your*s
is not a hard service; and if it were, ' the time
is short' Yc»u have arms if you will use them,
and doors if you will bar them, and strength if
you will use it. I would defy all the attacks of
the robbers v:>ithout, if I could depend on the
fidelity of the people within. If the thieves ever
get in and destroy the house, it must be by the
connivance of one of the fiimily. For it is a
standing law of this castle, that mere outward
attack can neter destroy tf, if there be no con^
senting traitor ttithin. You will stand or fall
as you will observe this rule. If you are finallj
happy, it will be by my grace and favour ; if yea
are ruined, it will be your own fault.*

When the nobleman had done speaking, every
servant repeated his assurance of attachment
and firm allegiance to his master. But among
them all, not one was so vehement and loud in
his professions as old Parley the porter. Parley,
indeed, it was well known, was ahvays talking,
which exposed him to no small danjjer ; for as
he was the foremost to promise, so In was the
slackest to perform : and, to sprik the truth,
though ho was a civil spoken fcIIo\r, his lord was
more afraid-of him, with all his professione, than
he wa«f of the rest who protested ]o^<. He knew
that Parley was vain, crcdulons, and sclfsuffi

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.lent ; and he always apprehended more dani^er
/h>m Parley*8 impertinence, curiosity, and luve
of novelty, than even from the stronger vices of
some of his other servants. The rest indeed,
seldom got into any scrape, of which Parley was
not the cause in some shape or other.

I am sorry to be obliged to confess, that
though Parley was allowed every refreshment,
and all the needful rest which the nature of his
place permitted, yet he thought it very hard to
be ft>rced to be so constantly on duty. * Nothing
bat watching,* said Parley. * 1 have, to be sure,
many pleasures, and meat sufficient ,* and plenty
of chat, in virtue of my office, and I pick up a
good deal of news of the comers and goers by
day, but it is hard that at night I must watch
as narrowly as a housedog, and yet let in no
company without orders ; only because there is
naid to be a few straggling robbers here in the
wilderness, with whom my master does not care
to let us be acquainted, fie pretends to make
us vigilant through fear of the robbers, bat I
suspect it is only to make us mope alone. A
merry companion and a mug of beer would
make the night pass cheerily.* Parley, how-
ever, kept all these thoughts to himself or ut-
tered them only when no one heard, for talk he
most Hejwgan to listen to the nightly whist-
ling of the robbers under the windows with
rather lees alarm than formerly, and was some-
times so tired of watching, that he thought it
was even better to run the risk of being robbed
otice, Uum to live always in the fear of robbers.

There was certain bounds in which the lord
allowed his servants to walk and divert them-
selves at all proper seasons. A pleasant garden
sarroanded the castle, and a thick hedge sepa-
rated this garden from the wilderness, which

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