Hannah Wolley.

The Queen-like Closet or Rich Cabinet Stored with all manner of rare receipts for preserving, candying and cookery. Very pleasant and beneficial to all ingenious persons of the female sex online

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Online LibraryHannah WolleyThe Queen-like Closet or Rich Cabinet Stored with all manner of rare receipts for preserving, candying and cookery. Very pleasant and beneficial to all ingenious persons of the female sex → online text (page 1 of 15)
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Produced by David Starner, Linda Cantoni, and the Online Distributed
Proofreading Team, from Scans from Biblioteca de la Universitat de






Printed for Rich: Lownes

White Lion in Duck Layne neare West Smithfield

The Queen-like Closet



Stored with all manner of



_Preserving, Candying and Cookery_.

Very Pleasant and Beneficial to all Ingenious Persons of the



The Second EDITION.


Printed for _Richard Lowndes_ at the _White Lion_ in _Duck-Lane_, near
_West-Smithfield_, 1672.




My much Honoured Friend


Daughter to the Late


Knight Banneret;

And WIFE to


Gentleman, and Wollen Draper of LONDON


Your Kind and Good Acceptance of my Endeavours in Work for You, and that
Esteem You have for what else I can do, make me bold to present this
Book to You; which by that time You have perused, I doubt not but You
will deem it worthy of the Title it bears; and indeed it was never
opened before: If it may yield You any Delight or Benefit, I shall be
glad; for as You have a true Love and Esteem for me, so I have a very
great Love and Honourable Esteem for You; and shall always be

_Your most Observant



To all Ladies, Gentlewomen, and to all other of the Female Sex who do
delight in, or be desirous of good Accomplishments.

Ladies and Gentlewomen,

_I Presume those Bookes which have passed from me formerly, have got me
some little credit and esteem amongst you.

But there being so much time past since they were Printed, that
methinks, I hear some of you say_ I wish Mrs. _Wolley_ would put forth
some New Experiments _and to say the Truth, I have been importun'd by
divers of my Friends and Acquaintance to do so._

_I shall not give an Apish Example every Day or Week to follow
ridiculous and foolish Fancies, nor could I be too like the_ Spaniard,
_always to keep in one Dress: I am not ashamed, nor do I disown what I
have already Printed, but some of you being so perfect in your
practises, and I very desirous still to serve you, do now present you
with this_ Queen-like Closet: _I do assure you it is worthy of the
Title it bears, for the very precious things you will find in it._

_Thus beseeching your kind Acceptance of this Book, and of my earnest
Desires to you, I take my Leave, but shall always be to all who have
esteem for me,_

Their Faithful and

Humble Servant,


_Ladies, I do here present you (yet)
That which sure will well content
A Queen-like Closet rich and brave
(Such) not many Ladies have:
Or Cabinet, in which doth set
Jems richer than in Karkanet;
(They) only Eies and Fancies please,
These keep your Bodies in good ease;
They please the Taste, also the Eye;
Would I might be a stander by:
Yet rather I would wish to eat,
Since 'bout them I my Brains do beat:
And 'tis but reason you may say,
If that I come within your way;
I sit here sad while you are merry,
Eating Dainties, drinking Perry;
But I'm content you should so feed,
So I may have to serve my deed._

_Hannah Wolley._

These things following are sold by _Richard Lowndes_ Book-seller, at the
_White-Lion_ in _Duck-Lane_ near _West-Smithfield_.

A Cordial Powder, which doth infallibly Cure the _Rickets_ in Children,
and causeth an easie production of Teeth.

Dr. _Lionel Lockyer_'s Universal Pill, curing any Disease curable by
Physick; it operates gently and safely, it being very amicable to Nature
in purifying the whole Body throughout, and then subduing all Diseases,
whether internal or external, as hath been experimented by persons of
all sorts and sexes, both young and old, with admirable success.

Mr. _Matthew_ his Diaphoretick and Diuretick Pill, purging by Sweat and
Urine: This Pill being composed of Simples of a very powerful operation,
purged from their churlish and malignant quality by an excellent Balsam
of long preparation, is by it made so amicable to Nature, that it hath
upon ample experience been found effectual for curing all common

Mr. _Edmund Buckworth's_ famous Lozenges, for the Cure of Consumptions,
Catarrhs, Asthma's, Phtisick, and all other Diseases incident to the
Lungs, Colds new and old, Hoarsness, Shortness of Breath, and Stuffings
of the Stomach; also a sovereign Antidote against the Plague, and all
other contagious Diseases.

The famous Spirit of Salt of the World, well known for a sovereign
Remedy against most Diseases; Truly and only prepared by _Constantine
Rhodocanaces_, Grecian, one of His Majesties Chymists.


Queen-like CLOSET,


Rich Cabinet.

1. _To make_ Aqua Mirabilis _a very delicate way._

Take three Pints of Sack, three Pints of White Wine, one quart of the
Spirit of Wine, one quart of the juice of Celandine leaves, of
Melilot-flowers, Cardamum-seeds, Cubebs, Galingale, Nutmegs, Cloves,
Mace, Ginger, two Drams of each; bruise them, and mix them with the Wine
and Spirits, let it stand all night in the Still, not an Alembeck, but
a common Still, close stopped with Rye Paste; the next morning make a
slow fire in the Still, and all the while it is stilling, keep a wet
Cloth about the neck of the Still, and put so much white Sugar Candy as
you think fit into the Glass where it drops.

2. _The Plague-Water which was most esteemed of in the late great

Take three Pints of Muskadine, boil therein one handful of Sage, and one
handful of Rue until a Pint be wasted, then strain it out, and set it
over the Fire again.

Put thereto a Penniworth of Long Pepper, half an Ounce of Ginger, and a
quarter of an Ounce of Nutmegs, all beaten together, boil them together
a little while close covered, then put to it one penniworth of
Mithridate, two penniworth of Venice Treacle, one quarter of a Pint of
hot Angelica Water.

Take one Spoonful at a time, morning and evening always warm, if you be
already diseased; if not, once a day is sufficient all the Plague time.

It is most excellent Medicine, and never faileth, if taken before the
heart be utterly mortified with the Disease, it is also good for the
Small Pox, Measles, or Surfets.

3. _A very Soveraign Water._

Take one Gallon of good Claret Wine, then take Ginger, Galingale,
Cinnamon, Nutmegs, Grains, Cloves, Anniseeds, Fennel-seeds,
Caraway-seeds, of each one dram; then take Sage, Mint, Red-Rose leaves,
Thyme, Pellitory of the Wall, Rosemary, Wild Thyme, Camomile, Lavander,
of each one handful, bruise the Spices small and beat the Herbs, and put
them into the Wine, and so let stand twelve hours close covered,
stirring it divers times, then still it in an Alembeck, and keep the
best Water by it self, and so keep every Water by it self; the first you
may use for aged People, the other for younger.

This most excellent Water was from Dr. _Chambers_, which he kept secret
till he had done many Cures therewith; it comforteth the Vital Spirits;
it helpeth the inward Diseases that come of Cold; the shaking of the
Palsie; it helpeth the Conception of Women that are barren; it killeth
the Worms within the Body, helpeth the Stone within the Bladder; it
cureth the Cold, Cough, and Tooth-ach, and comforteth the Stomach; it
cureth the Dropsie, and cleanseth the Reins; it helpeth speedily the
stinking Breath; whosoever useth this Water, it preserveth them in good
health, and maketh seem young very long; for it comforteth Nature very
much; with this water Dr. _Chambers_ preserved his own life till extreme
Age would suffer him neither to go nor stand one whit, and he continued
five years after all Physicians judged he could not live; and he
confessed that when he was sick at any time, he never used any other
Remedy but this Water, and wished his Friends when he lay upon his
Deth-Bed to make use of it for the preservation of their Health.

4. _To Make Spirit of Mints._

Take three Pints of the best white Wine, three handfuls of right Spear
mint picked clean from the stalks, let it steep in the wine one night
covered, in the morning, put it into a Copper Alembeck, and draw it with
a pretty quick fire; and when you have drawn it all, take all your Water
and add as much Wine as before, and put to the Water, and the same
quantity of Mint as before; let it steep two or three hours, then put
all into your Still, and draw it with a soft fire, put into your
Receiver a quantity of Loaf Sugar, and you will find it very excellent;
you may distil it in an ordinary Still if you please; but then it will
not be so strong nor effectual.

Thus you may do with any other Herbs whatsoever.

5. _To make the Cordial Orange-Water._

Take one dozen and a half of the highest coloured and thick rin'd
Oranges, slice them thin, and put them into two Pints of Malago Sack,
and one Pint of the best Brandy, of Cinamon, Nutmegs, Ginger, Cloves,
and Mace, of each one quarter of an Ounce bruised, of Spear-mint and
Balm one handful of each, put them into an ordinary Still all night,
pasted up with Rye Paste; the next day draw them with a slow fire, and
keep a wet Cloth upon the Neck of the Still; put in some Loaf Sugar into
the Glass where it dropeth.

6. _To make Spirit of Oranges or of Limons._

Take of the thickest rin'd Oranges or Limons, and chip off the Rinds
very thin, put these Chips into a Glass-bottle, and put in as many as
the Glass will hold, then put in as much Malago Sack as the Glass will
hold besides; stop the bottle close that no Air get in, and when you
use it, take about half a spoonful in a Glass of Sack; it is very good
for the Wind in the Stomach.

7. _To make Limon Water._

Take twelve of the fairest Limons, slice them, and put them into two
Pints of white Wine, and put to them of Cinamon and Galingale, of each,
one quarter of an Ounce, of Red Rose Leaves, Burrage and Bugloss
Flowers, of each one handful, of yellow Sanders one Dram, steep all
these together 12 hours, then distil them gently in a Glass Still, put
into the Glass where it droppeth, three Ounces of Sugar, and one Grain
of Amber-Greece.

8. _A Water for fainting of the Heart._

Take of Bugloss water and Red Rose Water, of each one Pint, of Red Cows
milk half a Pint, Anni-seed and Cinamon of each half an Ounce bruised,
Maiden hair two handfuls, Harts-tongue one handful, bruise them, and mix
all these together, and distil them in an ordinary Still, drink of it
Morning and Evening with a little Sugar.

9. _To make Rosemary Water._

Take a Quart of Sack or white Wine with as many Rosemary Flowers as will
make it very thick, two Nutmegs, and two Races of Ginger sliced thin
into it; let it infuse all night, then distil it in an ordinary Still as
your other waters.

10. _To make a most precious Water._

Take two Quarts of Brandy, of Balm, of Wood-Betony, of Pellitory of the
Wall, of sweet Marjoram, of Cowslip-Flowers, Rosemary-Flowers,
Sage-Flowers, Marigold-Flowers, of each of these one handful bruised
together; then take one Ounce of Gromwell seeds, one Ounce of sweet
Fennel seeds, one Ounce of Coriander seeds bruised, also half an Ounce
of Aniseeds and half an Ounce of Caraway-seeds, half an Ounce of Juniper
Berries, half an Ounce of Bay Berries, One Ounce of green Licoras, three
Nutmegs, one quarter of an Ounce of large Mace, one quarter of an Ounce
of Cinamon, one quarter of an Ounce of Cloves, half an Ounce of Ginger,
bruise all these well together, then add to them half a pound of Raisons
in the Sun stoned, let all these steep together in the Brandy nine days
close stopped, then strain it out, and two Grains of Musk, two of
Amber-Greece, one pound of refined Sugar; stop the Glass that no Air get
in, and keep it in a warm place.

11. _Doctor_ Butler's _Treacle Water._

Take the roots of Polipody of the Oak bruised, _Lignum Vitæ_ thin
sliced, the inward part thereof, Saxifrage roots thin sliced, of the
shavings of Harts-horn, of each half a pound, of the outward part of
yellow Citron not preserved; one Ounce and half bruised, mix these

Then take

{Fumitory water}
{Carduus-water } Of each one
of {Camomile-water} Ounce.
{Succory-water }

of Cedar wood one Ounce, of Cinamon three drams, of Cloves three drams,
bruise all your forenamed things;

Then take of Epithimum two ounces and a half, of Cerratch six ounces, of
Carduus and Balm, of each two handfuls, of Burrage Flowers, Bugloss
Flowers, Gillyflowers, of each four ounces, of Angelica root, Elecampane
root beaten to a Pap, of each four ounces, of Andronichus Treacle and
Mithridate, of each four ounces; mix all these together, and
incorporate them well, and grind them in a Stone Mortar, with part of
the former Liquor, and at last, mix all together, and let them stand
warm 24 hours close stopped, then put them all into a Glass Still, and
sprinkle on the top of _Species Aromatica rosata_ and _Diambre_, of the
Species of _Diarodon abbatis_, _Diatrion Santalon_, of each six drams;
then cover the Still close, and lute it well, and distill the water with
a soft fire, and keep it close.

This will yield five Pints of the best water, the rest will be smaller.

12. _The Cordial Cherry Water._

Take nine pounds of red Cherries, nine pints of Claret Wine, eight
ounces of Cinamon, three ounces of Nutmegs; bruise your Spice, stone
your Cherries, and steep them in the Wine, then add to them half a
handful of Rosemary, half a handful of Balm, one quarter of a handful of
sweet Marjoram, let them steep in an earthen Pot twenty four hours, and
as you put them into the Alembeck, to distil them, bruise them with your
hands, and make a soft fire under them, and distil by degrees; you may
mix the waters at your pleasure when you have drawn them all; when you
have thus done, sweeten it with Loaf-Sugar, then strain it into another
Glass, and stop it close that no Spirits go out; you may (if you please)
hang a Bag with Musk and Amber-greece in it, when you use it, mix it
with Syrrup of Gilly-flowers or of Violets, as you best like it; it is
an excellent Cordial for Fainting fits, or a Woman in travel, or for any
one who is not well.

13. _A most excellent Water for the Stone, or for the Wind-Cholick._

Take two handfuls of Mead-Parsly, otherwise called Saxifrage, one
handful of Mother-Thyme, two handfuls of Perstons, two handfuls of
Philipendula, and as much Pellitory of the Wall, two ounces of sweet
Fennel seeds, the roots of ten Radishes sliced, steep all these in a
Gallon of Milk warm from the Cow, then distil it in an ordinary Still,
and four hours after, slice half an ounce of the wood called Saxifrage,
and put into the Bottle to the water, keep it close stopped, and take
three spoonfuls at a time, and fast both from eating and drinking one
hour after; you must make this water about Midsummer; it is a very
precious water, and ought to be prized.

14. _The Cock water, most delicate and precious for restoring out of
deep Consumptions, and for preventing them, and for curing of Agues,
proved by my self and many others._

Take a Red Cock, pluck him alive, then slit him down the back, and take
out his Intrals, cut him in quarters, and bruise him in a Mortar, with
his Head, Legs, Heart, Liver and Gizard; put him into an ordinary Still
with a Pottle of Sack, and one quart of Milk new from a red Cow, one
pound of blew Currants beaten, one pound of Raisins in the Sun stoned
and beaten, four Ounces of Dates stoned and beaten, two handfuls of
Peniroyal, two handfuls of Pimpernel, or any other cooling Herb, one
handful of Mother-thyme, one handful of Rosemary one handful of Burrage,
one quart of Red Rose water, two ounces of Harts-horn, two ounces of
China root sliced, two ounces of Ivory shaving, four ounces of the
flower of French Barley; put all these into your Still and paste it up
very well, and still it with a soft fire, put into the Glass where it
droppeth one pound of white Sugar Candy beaten very small, twelve
peniworth of Leaf-Gold, seven grains of Musk, eleven grains of
Amber-greece, seven grains of Bezoar stone; when it is all distilled,
mix all the waters together, and every morning fasting, and every
evening when you go to bed, take four or five Spoonfuls of it warm, for
about a Month together, this hath cured many when the Doctors have given
them over.

15. _Walnut water, or the Water of Life._

Take green Walnuts in the beginning of _June_, beat them in a Mortar,
and distil them in an ordinary Still, keep that Water by it self, then
about Midsummer gather some more, and distil them as you did before,
keep that also by it self, then take a quart of each and mix them
together, and distil them in a Glass Still, and keep it for your use;
the Virtues are as followeth; It will help all manner of Dropsies and
Palsies, drank with Wine fasting; it is good for the eyes, if you put
one drop therein; it helpeth Conception in Women if they drink thereof
one spoonful at a time in a Glass of Wine once a day, and it will make
your skin fair if you wash therewith; it is good for all infirmities of
the Body, and driveth out all Corruption, and inward Bruises; if it be
drunk with Wine moderately, it killeth Worms in the Body; whosoever
drinketh much of it, shall live so long as Nature shall continue in him.

Finally, if you have any Wine that is turned, put in a little Viol or
Glass full of it, and keep it close stopped, and within four days it
will come to it self again.

16. _To make Wormwood Water._

Take four ounces of Aniseeds, four ounces of Licoras scraped, bruise
them well with two ounces of Nutmegs, add to them one good handful of
Wormwood, one root of Angelica, steep them in three Gallons of Sack Lees
and strong Ale together twelve hours; then distill them in an Alembeck,
and keep it for your use.

17. _A very rare Cordial Water._

Take one Gallon of white Wine, two ounces of Mithridate, two ounces of
Cinamon, one handful of Balm, a large handful of Cowslips, two handfuls
of Rosemary Flowers, half an ounce of Mace, half an ounce of Cloves,
half an ounce of Nutmegs, all bruised, steep these together four days in
an earthen Pot, and covered very close, distil them in an ordinary
Still well pasted, and do it with a very slow fire; save the first water
by it self, and the small by it self, to give to Children; when you have
occasion to use it, take a spoonful thereof, sweetned with Loaf-Sugar;
this Water is good to drive out any Infection from the heart, and to
comfort the Spirits.

18. _Another most excellent Cordial._

Take Celandine, Sage, Costmary, Rue, Wormwood, Mugwort, Scordium,
Pimpernel, Scabious, Egrimony, Betony, Balm, Carduus, Centory,
Peniroyal, Elecampane roots, Tormentil with the roots, Horehound, Rosa
Solis, Marigold Flowers, Angelica, Dragon, Marjoram, Thyme, Camomile, of
each two good handfuls; Licoras, Zedoary, of each one ounce; slice the
Roots, shred the Herbs, and steep them in four quarts of white Wine, and
let it stand close covered 2 days, then distil it in an ordinary Still
pasted up; when you use it, sweeten it with fine Sugar, and warm it.

19. _To make_ Rosa Solis.

Take a Pottle of _Aqua Composita_, and put it into a Glass, then a good
handful of _Rosa Solis_ clean picked, but not washed, put it to the
_Aqua Composita_, then take a pound of Dates stoned and beaten small,
half a peniworth of Long Pepper, as much of Grains, and of round Pepper,
bruise them small, take also a pound of Loaf-Sugar well beaten, a
quarter of a pound of Powder of Pearl, and six leaves of Book Gold; put
all to the rest, and stir them well together in the Glass, then cover it
very close, and let it stand in the Sun fourteen days, ever taking it in
at night; then strain it, and put it into a close Bottle; you must not
put in the Pearl, Gold or Sugar till it hath been sunned and strained,
neither must you touch the Leaves of the _Rosa Solis_ with your hands
when you pick it; keep it very close.

20. _The Heart Water._

Take five handfuls of Rosemary Flowers, two drams of red Coral, two
drams of Powder of Pearl, two drams of white Amber, two drams of
Cinamon, two pound of the best Prunes stoned, six Pints of Damask Rose
water, two Pints of Sack; put all these into a Pipkin never used, stop
it up with Paste, let them stand upon a soft fire a little while, then
distil it in an ordinary Still pasted up.

21. _The Plague Water._

Take Rosemary, Red Balm, Burrage, Angelica, Carduus, Celandine, Dragon,
Featherfew, Wormwood, Penyroyal, Elecampane roots, Mugwort, Bural,
Tormentil, Egrimony, Sage, Sorrel, of each of these one handful, weighed
weight for weight; put all these in an earthen Pot, with four quarts of
white Wine, cover them close, and let them stand eight or nine days in a
cool Cellar, then distil it in a Glass Still.

22. _The Treacle Water._

Take one pound of old Venice Treacle, of the Roots of Elecampane,
Gentian, Cyprus, Tormentil, of each one ounce, of Carduus and Angelica,
half an ounce, of Burrage, Bugloss, and of Rosemary Flowers one ounce of
each; infuse these in three Pints of white Wine, one Pint of Spring
Water, two Pints of Red Rose water; then distil them in an ordinary
Still pasted up.

This is excellent for Swounding Fits or Convulsions, and expelleth any
venomous Disease; it also cureth any sort of Agues.

23. _The Snail water excellent for Consumptions._

Take a Peck of Snails with the Shells on their Backs, have in a
readiness a good fire of Charcoal well kindled, make a hole in the midst
of the fire, and cast your Snails into the fire, renew your fire till
the Snails are well rosted, then rub them with a clean Cloth, till you
have rubbed off all the green which will come off.

Then bruise them in a Mortar, shells and all, then take Clary,
Celandine, Burrage, Scabious, Bugloss, five leav'd Grass, and if you
find your self hot, put in some Wood-Sorrel, of every one of these one
handful, with five tops of Angelica.

These Herbs being all bruised in a Mortar, put them in a sweet earthen
Pot with five quarts of white Wine, and two quarts of Ale, steep them
all night; then put them into an Alembeck, let the herbs be in the
bottom of the Pot, and the Snails upon the Herbs, and upon the Snails
put a Pint of Earth-worms slit and clean washed in white Wine, and put
upon them four ounces of Anniseeds or Fennel-seeds well bruised, and
five great handfuls of Rosemary Flowers well picked, two or three Races
of Turmerick thin sliced, Harts-horn and Ivory, of each four ounces,
well steeped in a quart of white Wine till it be like a Jelly, then draw
it forth with care.

24. _To make a rare sweet Water._

Take sweet Marjoram, Lavender, Rosemary, Muscovy, Maudlin, Balm, Thyme,
Walnut Leaves, Damask Roses, Pinks, of all a like quantity, enough to
fill your Still, then take of the best Orrice Powder, Damask Rose
Powder, and Storax, of each two ounces; strew one handful or two of your
Powders upon the Herbs, then distil them with a soft fire; tie a little
Musk in a piece of Lawn, and hang it in the Glass wherein it drops, and
when it is all drawn out, take your sweet Cakes and mix them with the
Powders which are left, and lay among your Clothes, or with sweet Oyles,
and burn them for perfume.

25. _A very good Surfet water._

Take what quantity of Brandy you please, steep a good quantity of the
Flowers of Red Poppies therein, which grow amongst the Wheat, having the
black bottoms cut off, when they have been steeped long enough, strain
them out, and put in new, and so do till the Brandy be very red with
them, and let it stand in the Sun all the while they infuse, then put in
Nutmegs, Cloves, Ginger and Cinamon, with some fine Sugar, so much as
you think fit, and keep it close stopped; this is very good for Surfets,
Wind in the Stomach, or any Illness whatever.

26. _An excellent Water for the Stomach, or against Infection._

Take Carduus, Mint and Wormwood, of each a like quantity, shred them
small and put them into new Milk, distil them in an ordinary Still with
a temperate fire; when you take any of it, sweeten it with Sugar, or
with any Syrrup, what pleases you best; it is a very good water, though
the Ingredients are but mean.

27. _The Melancholy Water._

Take of the Flowers of Gilliflowers, four handfuls, Rosemary flowers
three handfuls, Damask Rose leaves, Burrage and Bugloss flowers of each

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Online LibraryHannah WolleyThe Queen-like Closet or Rich Cabinet Stored with all manner of rare receipts for preserving, candying and cookery. Very pleasant and beneficial to all ingenious persons of the female sex → online text (page 1 of 15)