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A history of modern philosophy : a sketch of the history of philosophy from the close of the renaissance to our own day (Volume 1) online

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THE LIBRARY

OF

THE UNIVERSITY

OF CALIFORNIA

LOS ANGELES



A HISTORY

OF

MODERN PHILOSOPHY



MACMILLAN AND CO., Limited

LONDON • BOMBAY • CALCUTTA
MELBOURNE

THE MACMILLAN COMPANY

NEW YORK • BOSTON • CHICAGO
ATLANTA • SAN FRANCISCO

THE MACMILLAN CO. OF CANADA, Ltd.

TORONTO



A HISTORY



OF



MODERN PHILOSOPHY

A SKETCH OF THE HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY

FROM THE CLOSE OF THE RENAISSANCE
TO OUR OWN DAY



BY

Dr. HARALD HOFFDING

PROFESSOR AT THE UNIVERSITY OF COPENHAGEN



TRANSLATED FROM THE GERMAN EDITION
By B. E. MEYER



AUTHORISED TRANSLATION



VOLUME I



MACMILLAN AND CO., LIMITED

ST. MARTIN'S STREET, LONDON

i 908



First Edition 190°
Reprinted 1908



3

)

)


I-



(Ha tifje JKEmoto of

MY TEACHER AND FRIEND
PROFESSOR HANS BROCHNER



124420J



TRANSLATOR'S NOTE

My thanks are due to Miss M. Stawell for valuable help
in the translation of the chapters on Fichte, Schelling,
and Hegel ; and to Miss H. Tayler, who was kind
enough to read through the proofs of the latter half of
Vol. II. In the case of quotations from works of which
there already exist well-known English translations {e.g
Kant's works), on which I could not hope to improve, I
have quoted from these translations.

B. E. MEYER.



a 2



3



CONTENTS



INTRODUCTION



PAGE

xiii



BOOK I
THE PHILOSOPHY OF THE RENAISSANCE

HAP.

i. The Renaissance and the Middle Ages



A. THE DISCOVERY OF MAN

2. Humanism .....

3. pletro pomponazzi and nlcolo machiavelli

4. Michel de Montaigne and Pierre Charron

5. Ludovicus Vives ....

6. The Development of Natural Law

7. Natural Religion

8. Religious Speculation (Jakob Boehme)



13
26

35
38
59
69



B. THE NEW CONCEPTION OF THE WORLD

9. The Aristotelio-Medi/eval World-Scheme

io. nlcolaus cusanus

11. Bernardino Telesio

12. The Copernican World-Scheme .

13. Giordano Bruno .

(a) Biography and Characteristics

(b) Establishment and Extension of the New World

Scheme



78
83
92

103
1 10
1 10

123



./ m OF MODERN PHIL0S0PH1



i ;. Giordano Bruno Continued

Fundamental Philosophy al [deas
() Theory of Knowledge .

(c) Fundamental Concepts of the System .

(d) Philosophy of Religion

(e) Natural Philosophy and Psychology
(/) Ethic and Theory of Politics

6. Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

(a) Biography and Characteristics
(Z>) The Doctrine of Monads

(c) Psychology and Theory of Knowledge .

(d) The Theodicee

(e) Philosophy of Law

7. Christian Wolff .



PAGE
259
259
265
269
272
274
279
287
292
292
SOI
307
315
317
323
332
332

343
356
362
367
369



BOOK IV
ENGLISH EMPIRICAL PHILOSOPHY



INTRODUCTION . . . . . -375

1. John Locke ...... 377

(a) Biography and Characteristics . . . 377

(6) The Origin of Ideas . . . . .382

(c) The Validity of Knowledge . . . -385

(d) Philosophy of Religion .... 388

(e) Philosophy of Law and of the State . . . 389

2. Discussions on Moral and Religious Philosophy . 392

(a) The Doctrine of the Moral Sense . . . 392

(6) The Free-Thinkers . . . . .402

3. Newton and his Significance for Philosophy . 4°7



A HISTORY OF MODERN PHILOSOPHY



chai



Gi orge Berki ley .

(.1) Biography and Characteristics

(^) On Space .mil Abstract Ideas
Epistemological Consequences .

5. David Hume

(./) Biography and Characteristics
(6) Epistemological Radicalism

(c) Ethics

(d) Philosophy of Religion
I Hi - mi's Successors and Critics in England

(



Online LibraryHarald HøffdingA history of modern philosophy : a sketch of the history of philosophy from the close of the renaissance to our own day (Volume 1) → online text (page 1 of 52)