Harriman Alaska Expedition (1899).

Harriman Alaska series. vol. I-V, VIII-XIV (Volume 13) online

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Vol. XXI, No. 1171.

1900 American Hydroids, Part I., The Plumularidae. U. S. Nat. Museum,
Special Bulletin No. 4.

Sars, M. (?)

1862 Bemserkninger over fire norske Hydroider; Vid. Selsk. Forh.

1873 Bidrag til Kundskaben om norges Hydroider.
Schultz, Franz Eilhard.

1872 Nordsee Expedition, III, Coelenteraten.
Schneider, K. C.

1897 Hydropolypen von Rovigno, nebst ubersicht liber das system der Hy-

dropolypen in allgemeinen. Zool. Jahrb., Syst. abth. bd., 10.
Segerstedt, M.

1899 Bidrag til Kannedomen om Hydroid-Faunen ved Sveriges Vestkust,

Stockholm.
Verrill, A. E.

1873 Brief Contributions to Zoology from the Museum of Yale College, No.
XXIII, American Journal of Science.



[I9 1 ] THE HYDROIDS

Venill, A. E.

1874 Invertebrate Animals of Vineyard Sound.

1879 Preliminary Check List of the Marine Invertebrates of the Atlantic

Coast, from Cape Cod to the Gulf of St. Lawrence.
Winther, Georg.

1879 Fortegnelse over de i Danmark og dets Nordlige Bilande fundne Hy-

droide Zoophyter.
Wright, J. Strethill.

1859 Observations on British Zoophytes. Edinburgh New Philos. Journ.,
New series, Vol. VII.



PLATE in.
[Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci., Vol. Ill, PI. XIV.]

FIG. i. Coryne brachiata Nutting. Part of colony.

2. Single gonophore (enlarged).

3. Syncoryne eximia Allman. Part of colony.

4. Single hydranth with budding medusa.

[192] (210)



(PR. WASH. A. S , III, PL. Xiv]



H. A. E. VOL. XIII, PLATE III




ALASKA HYDROIDS



PLATE IV.
[Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci., Vol. Ill, PI. XV.]

FlG. i. Garveia annulata Nutting. Part of colony, showing hydranths and
gonophores.

2. Single hydranth, showing pseudo-hydrotheca (enlarged).

3. Rudendrium vaginatum Allman. Part of colony, showing hydranths
and gonophores.

4. Single hydranth, showing pseudo-hydrotheca (enlarged).

5. Cluster of female gonophores.

6. Single gonophore, with expanded chitinous collar (enlarged).
[194] (212)



IPR. WASH. A. s , 111. PL. xv



H. A. E. VOL. XIII, PLATE IV




ELIZABETH B DARROW, DEL
AfTEII C. C. N.



ALASKA HYDROIDS



PLATE V.
[Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci., Vol. Ill, PI. XVI.]

FIG. I. Tubularia harrimani Nutting. Single hydranth with gonophores.

2. Three gonophores, showing apical tentacles and developing actinule

(enlarged).
[196] (214)



IPR. WASH. A. s, 111, PL. xvi|



H. A. E. VOL. XIII, PLATE V




ALASKA HYDROIDS



PLATE VI.
[Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci., Vol. Ill, PI. XVII.]

1. Clytia caliculata (Hincks). Single hydrotheca (enlarged).

2. Another hydrotheca (enlarged).

3. Clytia compressa (Clark). Hydrothecae (enlarged) showing different
degrees of thickening of the hydrothecal walls.

4. Single gonangium (enlarged).

5. Campanularia rttteri Nutting. Part of colony (enlarged).
['98] (216)



IPR. WASH. A. s , 111. PL xvn)



H. A. E. VOL. XIII, PLATE VI




ALASKA HYDROIDS



PLATE VII.

[Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci., Vol. Ill, PI. XVIII.]

FlG. I. Campanularia reduplicata Nutting. Part of colony, showing hydro-
thecae and gonangium (enlarged).

2. Campanularia urceolata Clark. Part of colony, showing hydrothecae
and gonangia (enlarged).

3. Campanularia speciosa Clark. Single hydrotheca (enlarged).

[200] (218)



IPR. WASH. A. s , 111, PL. xvnil



H. A. E. VOL. XIII, PLATE VII




ALASKA HYDROIDS



PLATE VIII.
[Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci., Vol. Ill, PI. XIX.]

FIG. I. Campanularia regia Nutting. Single hydrotheca, showing hydranth
(much less enlarged than the other figures).

2. Another hydrotheca, showing reduplication of margin.

3. Hydrotheca of C. speciosa Clark (drawn to the same scale as fig. i, to
show comparative size).

4. Obelia borealis Nutting. Part of colony, showing hydrothecae and
gonangium (enlarged).

5 and 6. Gonangia (greatly enlarged).
[202] (220)



[PR. WASH. A. S , III, PL, Xix!



H. A. E. VOL. XIII, PLATE VIII




ALASKA HYDROIDS



PLATE IX.
[Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci., Vol. Ill, PI. XX.]

FIG. i. Obelia dubia Nutting. Part of colony (enlarged).

2. Gonothyrcea inornata Nutting. Part of colony, showing hydrothecse

and gonangium (enlarged).
3 and 4. Gonangia (enlarged).

(222)



(PR. WASH. A. s , in, PL xx]



H. A. E. VOL. XIII, PLATE IX





T6R C. C N.



ALASKA HYDROIDS



PLATE X.
[Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci., Vol. Ill, PI. XXI.]

FIG. I. Campanulina rugosa Nutting. Part of colony, showing hydrothecae and
gonangia (enlarged).

2. Gonangium, showing developing medusa (enlarged).

3. Lafoea adhcerens Nutting. Part of trophosome (enlarged).

4. Part of transverse section of gonosome (enlarged).

5. Grammaria tmmersa Nutting. Part of main stem (enlarged).

6. Portion of branch with the peripheral tubes removed to show connection
of hydrothecae with axial tube (more enlarged than fig. 5).

[206] (224)



[PR. WASH. A. S , III. PL XXll



H. A. E. VOL. XIII, PLATE X




ELIZABETH B. DAMROW, DEL
AFTER r,. C X.



ALASKA HYDROIDS



PLATE XI.
[Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci., Vol. Ill, PI. XXII.]

FIG. I. Halecittm speciosum Nutting. Part of colony, showing hydrophores
and gonangia (enlarged).

2. Single hydranth (greatly enlarged).

3. Halecium ornatum Nutting. Part of colony, showing hydrophores
(enlarged).

4. Single immature gonangium (enlarged).

[208] (226)



[PR. WASH. A. S , III. PL. XXIll



H. A. E. VOL. XIII, PLATE XI




ALASKA HYDROIDS



PLATE XII.
[Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci., Vol. Ill, PI. XXIII.]

FIG. I. Halecium reversum Nutting. Part of colony, showing internodes and
hydrophores (enlarged).

2. Single hydranth with hydrophore (enlarged).

3. Halecium robustum Nutting. Tip of branch, showing expanded hy-
dranths (enlarged).

4. Part of branch with soft parts removed to show the hydrophores (en-
larged).

5. Single hydranth with its hydrophore (greatly enlarged).

[210] (228)



[PR. WASH. A. S , III. PL. XXIIl)



H. A. E. VOL. XIII. PLATE XII




ElliATH I. HARROW, DEL



OE.N 8. CO BALTIMORE



ALASKA HYDROIDS



PLATE XIII.
[Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci., Vol. Ill, PI. XXIV.]

FIG. I. Sertularella saccata Nutting. Part of colony, showing hydrothecae and
gonangia with acrocysts (enlarged).

2. Three hydrothecae (still more enlarged).

3. Single hydrotheca, showing operculum (drawn to same scale as fig. 2).

4. Thuiaria fabricii (Levinsen). Part of branch showing hydrothecae and
gonangia (enlarged).

5. Front view of part of branch (enlarged).

[212] (230)



|PR. WASH. A. S , III, PL. XXIV)



H. A. E. VOL. XIII, PLATE XIII




ALASKA HYDROIDS



PLATE XIV.

[Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci., Vol. Ill, PI. XXV.]

FIG. i. Thuiaria elegans Nutting.

2. Front view of branch (much enlarged).

3. Gonangium (much enlarged).

4. Thuiaria turgida Clark.

5. Two pairs of hydrothecae (much enlarged).

6. Front view of branch (enlarged).

C 2I 4] (332)



(PR. WASH. A. s, 111, PL. xxvl



H. A. E. VOL. XIII, PLATE XIV







OEM a CO BAL.TIM



ALASKA HYDROIDS



PLATE XV.
[Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci., Vol. Ill, PI. XXVI.]

FIG. I. Thuiaria coei Nutting. Part of branch, showing hydrothecae and
gonangia (enlarged).

2. Lateral view of hydrotheca (enlarged).

3. Single gonangium (enlarged).

4. Thuiaria costata Nutting. Part of main stem, showing origin of
branches (enlarged).

5. Front view of terminal branches (enlarged).

6. Two pairs of hydrothecae (greatly enlarged).

7. 8, 9. Gonangia (enlarged).

[216] (234)



[PR. WASH. A. S , III, PL. XXVll



H. A. E. VOL. XIII, PLATE XV




ALASKA HYDROIDS



INDEX



New genera and species and the pages on which they are described are in
black-face type ; synonyms in parenthesis ; pages where synonymy of known
species or genera is given in italics; subspecies are treated as species for the
purposes of the Index.



Acanthinula 21

aculeata 21

harpa (22)
Acella (60), 64, 72

kirtlandiana 72
Achatinidae 33
Acmaea 113
Acroloxus 108, 109
Acroxus (108)
Adelina (60)

elegans 60
Adula (82)
Agriolimax 45

agrestis 45

berendti 46

campestris 46

hyperboreus 45
Alasmidonta costata (131)
Alasmodon falcata (132)

rhombica (127)

yubaensis (132)
Alasmodon ta arcuata (132)

complanata (131)

dahurica (132)

rugosa (131)
Amalia 46

gagates 46

hewstoni 46
Ameria 101
Amnicola 777

cincinnatiensis Il8

em ar gin at a Zl8

granum (118)

hindsii (119)

lapidaria (119)

limosa 7/7

pallida 777



Amnicola porata (117)
Amnicolidae 777
Amphibina 55

avara 55

pfeifferi 55
Amphibulima (55)

cuculata 55

patula 55

Amphibulimus (55)
Amphibulina (55)
Amphipeplea 78
Amplexa (104)
Amplexis (22)
Amplexus (22), (104)
Ancaeus (82)
Ancylastrum 108, 109

cumingianus 108
Ancyllus (108)
Ancylus n, 707, (108), 109

caurinus (no)

cumingianus 108, 109

fluviatilis 107, 108, 109

fragilis no

fuscus 109

kootaniensis 770

lacustris 107, 108, 109

newberryi 109

parallelus 77O

patelloides 109

radiatus 108

rivularis 709, (no)
Anguispira alternata (49)

bruneri (52)
Angustula milium (32)
Anisopsis (81), 85
Anisus 81, (82;, 84
Anodon areolatus (127)



(235)



236



INDEX



Anodon biangulata (130)
exilis (129)
feminalis (130)
rostratus (128)
rugosus (127)
triangularis (128)

Anodonta I2f

angulata (130)
argentea (131)
arkansasensis (127)
beringiana 10, I2J
biangulata (130)
buchanensis (131)
cellensis (127)
cognata (128)
dallasiana (130)
denigrata (131)
edentula (127)
feminalis (130)
ferruginea (131)
ferussaciana (130)
flava (129)
footiana (129), 129
fragilis (129)
gigantea (129)
glandulosa (129)
grandis 129
housatonica (129)
implicata 129
irisans (129)
kennerleyi 128
kennicotti 130
lacustris (129)
ladsensis (128)
lewis ii (129)
marginata 128
marry attiana (129)
modesta (131)
newtonensis (129)
nuttalliana 128
oblita (131)
oregonensis 128
ovata (129)
pallida (129)
pavonia (127)
pepiniana 130
plicata (131)
randalli (130)
rotundata (128)



Anodonta rotundovata (128)

salmonea (127), (129)

shaefferiana (127)

showalteri (127)

simpsoniana (130)

subcarinata (129)

subcylindracea (131)

tetragon a (127)

triangularis (128)

undulata (127)

wahlamatensis 128

wardiana (127)

youconensis (127)

youkanensis (127)
Anodontoides 130

ferussacianus 130
Ansulus (108)
Ansylus (108)
Aplecta (104), 106
Aplexa 100, 102, 104, 105, 107

hordacea 103

hypnorum 12, 104, 105, Io6 t 107
Aplexus (104)

hypnorum 107
Arctonchis na

borealis 112
Arianta arbustorum 21
Ariolimax 34, 35, 47

columbianus 47, 48

maculatus 48

steindachneri 48

stramineus 48
Arion andersoni (46)

foliolatus (47)
Arionide 46

Arionta ptychophora (25)
Armiger 83, 86

crista 96
Arnouldia (40)

fulva (41)
Aulaca (21)
Auricella (115)
Auricula (115)
Auricularia (60)
Auriculidae //j
Auriculina (115)

Bathyomphalus 83, 86
Bifidaria 27



INDEX



237



Bifidaria armifera 27

contracta 27

holzingeri 28

pentodon 28
Bornia 141
Brachyspira (55)
Brondelia 109

drouetiana 109
Buccinum palustre 62, (76)

truncatulum 62, (72)
Bulimtnus obscurus 41
Bulimnea (60), 63

megasoma 67, 70
Bulimulus pilula 79
Bulimus (104), 105, (115)

harpa (21)

hypnorum (106)

lubricoides (33)
Bulinus (100), (101), (104), 105, 107

hordaceus (104)

hypnorum 107

perla 105

pictus 107

senegalensis 105

turritus 105
Bulla (104)

fontinalis 99, 100

hypnorum 104, 105, (106)

turrita (106)
Bullinus (100), (104)

fontinalis loo

turritus (106)
Bythinella obtusa 118
Bythinia 105

Caillaudia (81)

angulata 81
Calycella 194

syringa 177, /9^-/9JT
Campanularia 189

caliculata (188)

compressa (188)

crenata (190)

denticulata 177, 189

gracillima (195)

grandis 191

lineata 177, 189

reduplicata 177, 190, 218

regia 177, 190, 220



Campanularia ritteri 177, 189, 216

serpens (197)

speciosa 177, 189-190, 218, 220

urceolata 177, 190, 218

verticillata 177, 189
Campanulina 194

rugosa 177, 194, 224
Campeloma 124

decisum 124, 125
Carinifex 63
Carychium 7/5, 116

exiguum 115, 116

exile 116

minimum 115
Cepaea hortensis (20)
Chilostoma (22)
Chlamydea 36
Choanomphalus 62
Cincinna (120)

Cincinnatia cincinnatiensis 118
Cionella lubrica (33)
Circinaria (22), 33

chocolata 34

hemphilli 35

hybrida jj

sportella 34, 35

vancouverensis 25, j^, (35)

voyana 35
Circinariidae 33
Clytia 188

caliculata 177, 288, 216

compressa 177, 188, 216

integra 188
Cobresia (35), 121
Cochlicopa 33

lubrica j"j
Cochlohydra (55)
Complanaria gigas (131)
Concinna (120)
Conulus (39)

alaskensis 41

arcticus (45)

chersinus (41)

fulvus (40), (41)

trochiformis (41)
Coppinia arcta 175
Coretus (80), (81), 83
Corneocyclas 3, 134, 141

abdita 142, 143, 145



238



INDEX



Corneocyclas abyssorum 143

zequilateralis 141

arctica 144

borealis 144

compressa 142

glacial is 144

henslowana 145

idahoensis 141

nivalis 144

occidentalis 143

pulchella 144

randolphi 144.

rotundata 143

scutellata 141

sibirica 144

steenbuchii 143

ultramontana 144.

variabilis 142

ventricosa 143

virginica 141
Cornu (81)
Coryne 183

brachiata 177, 183, 210

eximia (184)
Costatella (100), 101
Costella (100)
Cotulina polyzonias (201)

tricuspidata (201)
Cumingia (108)
Cyclas appendiculata (145)

aurea(i35)

bulbosa 136

calyculata 140

dentata (137)

dubia (141)

elegans (136)

emarginata (138)

fabalis (137)

flava (138)

fuscata 136

jayensis (139)

lenticula 140

media (140)

nobilis (137)

ovalis (137)

partumeia (139)

patella (138)

pulchella (144)

rhomboida (136)



Cyclas saratogea (135)

similis (134)

solidula (136)

stagnicola (140)

staminea (136)

steenbuchii (143)

striatina (135)

sulcata (134)

tenuis 139

transversa (139)

truncata (140)
Cyclocalyx 143
Cyclolimnsea 64
Cyclostoma lapidaria (119)

tricarinata (121)
Cymatocyclas compressa 142

Dall, W. H., land and fresh water

mollusks 1-171
Dentati 97
Dentatus (97)
Diastropha (99)
contorta 100
Diplodiscus (82), 85, 86
Discoidina (83)
Discus (97)
Drepanotrema 82, 86

Endodontidae 49
Enydra (99)
Epiphragmophora 21

fidelis 21
Erinna (61), 62, 65

newcombi 61, 65
Euconulus jp, 40, 45

fabricii 41, 42

fulva 42

fulvus 39, (40), (41)

trochiformis 40, 41, 42
Eucopella campanularia (188)
Eudendrium annulatum 186

bacciferum (184)

pygmseum 186

vaginatum 177, 182, 185, 212
Euhadra fiscina II
Eulimneus (6l)
Eulota fiscina u

flexibilis n

weyrichi n



INDEX



239



Ferrissia 109

parallelus no

rivularis no

Ferussacia subcylindrica (33)
Filellum 197

serpens 177, 797
Fluminicola ng

nuttalliana ng

virens 779
Fossaria (61)

Galba (60), 62, 64

desidiosa 73

galbana 73

holbolli 74

humilis 73

truncatula 72

vahlii 74
Gallandia (36)
Garveia 184

annulata 177, 184, 212

nutans 177, 184.
Gastrodonta 43

gularis 43
Giraulus (83)
Glaphyra (22)
Glyptophysa 101
Gonidea 7jo

angulata 130
Goniobasis 77<5, 117

plicifera 77(5, 117

silicula 77<J, 117
Gonothyraea 193

inornate 177, 193, 222
Gonyodiscus jro

striatella (50)
Grammaria 196

immersa 177, 196, 224
Gulnaria (60)
Gundlachia 108, 109

ancyliformis 108
Gyraulus 83, 86

deflectus 94

hirsutus 93

Gyrorbis (82), 85, (120)
Gyrulus (83)

Haldemania (108)
Haldemanina 97, 98



Halecium 197

halecinum 177, 797-795

muricatum 177, 198

ornatum 177, 199, 226

reversum 177, 198, 228

robustum 177, 200, 228

scutum 177, 198

speciosum 177, 199, 226
Harriman, E. H., species named for

1 86
Hebella 193

pocillum 177, 79^
Helicidae 3, 19, 20
Helicodiscus 52

lineatus 52

Helicogona subpersonata IX
Helicolimax (35), (36)
Helisiga (55)

sanctaehelen* 55
Helisigna (55)
Helisoma <?7, 84, 85

bicarinatus 87
Helix 20, (39), (59), (115)

albolabris (26)

alternata (49)

amarula 59

amurensis (21)

arborea (42)

arboreus (42)

arbustorum (21)

asiatica (23)

asteriscus (51)

attenuata 54

auricularia (60)

baskervillei (24)

belcheri 54

bidentata 41

brewer i (42)

chersina (41), 42

columbiana (24)

conspecta (53)

cooperi 52

cornea 80, 81

corneus 80

costata (23)

crenella (23)

cronkhitei (50)

devia (24)

dubia (49)



240



INDEX



Helix egena (41), 42

electrina (38)

engonata (87)

fabricii (41)

fidelis (21)

floccata 51

fulva (40)

germana (25)

gularis (43), 44

hammonis (38), 42

harpa (21)

haydeni (52)

hortensis ao

indentata (39)

labiosa (24)

labyrinthica (27)

limitaris (49)

lineata (52)

lubrica (33)

lucida (42)

mandralisci (40)

milium (43)

minuscula (43)

minuta (22)

minutissima (53)

monodon (26)

morsel (39)

mortoni (40)

nitida 41, (42)

nitidula (39), (40)

nuttalliana (21)

paludosa (22)

pellucida 35, (36)

planorbis (80), 8l

ptychophora (25)

pulchella (22), (23)

putris 55

pygmaea (53)

radiatula (38)

rudis 54

solitaria (49)

spirorbis 83

sportella (35)

stagnalis 59, (60), (62), (65)

striatella (50)

strigosa (51)

subglobosa (20)

townsendiana (25)

trochiformis (40)



Helix trochilus (40)

trochulus (40), 41

vancouverensis (34)

vellicata (34)

virgata 52
Hemithalamus (97)

nitidus 97
Hemphillia 48

camelus 48

glandulosa 48
Heterodiscus (82), 83
Hippeutes (82)
Hippeutis 82, 86, (97)
Hyalina (35), (39)

arborea (42)

arctica (45)

binneyana (39)

binneyi (39)

fulva (40), (41)

indentata (39)

nitida (42)

pellucida (38)

viridula (38)
Hyalinia (39)

fulva (40)

trochiformis (41)
Hydroids 173-234

bibliography 207-209

genera and species, systematic dis-
cussion 181-206

geographic distribution 176-180

plates and plate descriptions 210-
234

lelskia (120)
Isidora 100, 101, 105

wahlbergi 101
Isthmia ventricosa (31)

pygmaea 33

Jelskia (120), 121

Lsevapex 109

fragilis no

kootaniensis no
Lafcea 175, 181, 193, 195

adhserens 177, 196, 224

dumosa 177, 179, 195

fruticosa 177, 196



INDEX



241



Lafcea gracillima 177, /pj*

pocillum (193)
Lampsilis 125

alatus 126, 127

borealis 126

ellipsiformis 126

gracilis i2f

ligamentinus 126

luteolus 125

radiatus 126

rectus 126

superiorensis 125

ventricosus 125
Lantzia. See Erinna.
Lanx 109
Lasmigona 131
Leachia (60)

stagnalis 60
Legrandia (108)
Le Lin in

Leptolimnaea glaber 64
Leptolimnea (60), 62, 64

elongata 60

glaber 60
Leptolimneus (6l)

glaber 6l
Limacidae 45
Limacina (35)
Limax agrestis (45)

berendti 46

columbianus (47)

hemphilli 46

hewstoni (46)

hyperborea (45)
Limnaea (60), (61), 62, (105)

ampla (68), (69)

angulata (68)

arctica (75)

binneyi (69)

bulimoides (79)

canadensis (69)

decisa (125)

decollata (68)

elodes (76)

elongata (75)

emarginata (69)

exilis (72), 77

ferruginea (72)

glabra 61



imnaea gronlandica (75)

haydeni (76)

holbolli (74)

kingi 61

kirtlandiana (72)

lanceata (72)

leucostoma (75)

megalosoma (67)

megastoma (67)

mighelsi (68)

minor (75)

molleri (75)

nuttalliana (76)

philadelphica (74)

plebeia (76)

proxima (76)

scalaris (69)

senegalensis (75)

stagnalis (65)

traski (74)

umbilicata (79)

vahlii (74)

velutina 61, 65
Limnaeus decollatus (68)

elodes (76)

elongatus (77)
Limnea (60)

adelinae (78)

caperata (79)

catascopium (68)

cochlea (59)

columella (70)

desidiosa (73)

expansa (76)

fragilis (76)

galbana (74)

gracilis 60

humilis (73)

megasoma 60, (67)

serrata (69)
Limneus (60)

desidiosus (73)

emarginatus (68)

minutus (72)

ontariensis (68)

palustris (76)

stagnalis (60)

umbrosus (77)
Limnophysa (60), 62



242



INDEX



Limnophysa holbolli (74)

palustris 60

senegalensis 75

vahlii (74)
Limnus (61)
Liria (ill)
Liriola in

thersites III
Lucena (22), 55

oblonga 55

pulchella 55
Lucina lenticula 140
Lymnsea 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 66, 68, 72,
100, 102

acuta 80

adelinse 78

ampla 71, 72

anticostiana 79

appressa (65)

arenaria 63

atkaensis 66

auricularia 60, 6l, 62, 64

binneyi 60, 70

bulimoides 78, 79

canadensis 68

caperata 79

catascopium 77, 78, 79

columella 70

desidiosa 77, 75, 80

emarginata 68, 69

expansa 77

ferruginea 73

fossaria 80

galbana 73

glaber 60, 62

glabra 60

gracilis 64

hay den i 77

holbolli 74

humilis 73

involuta 64

jugularis (65)

kingi 64

kirtlandiana 72

lagorii 61, 63

lanceata 72

lepida 67

malleata 75

megasoma 63, <?7, 70



Lymnaea mighelsi 68, 72

nitida 75

nuttalliana 77

obrussa 73

opacina 80

palustris 62, 64, 68, 75, 76, 78

pereger 60

perpolita 78

petersi 66

petitii 80

pingelii (75)

preblei 70

proxima 74, 77

randolphi 66, 77

reflexa 60, 62, 72, 77

rowelli 76

solida 78

solidula 75

stagnalis 61, 63, 6j, 66

sumassi 66, 69, 71, 72, (77), 78

techella 78, 79

tenuicostata 64

traskii 74

truncatula 60, 6l, 62, 64, 72, 73

tryoni 74

tryoniana 74

vahlii 74, 75

wormskioldi (75)

zrmanjas 61, 65
LymtiEeidaejp
Lymnaeus (60)

columellus (70)

emarginatus (68)
Lymnea (60)

cornea (77)
Lymneus (60)

caperatus (79)

desidiosus (73)

emarginatus (68)

galbanus (73)

humilis (73)

megasomus (67)

minutus (72)

reflexus (77)
Lymnophysa (61)
Lymnula (60)
Lymnus (60)
Lyogyrus uS

granum //<?, 119



INDEX



243



Lyogyrus lehnerti (117)

Macrocyclis 33

vancouverensis (34)
Macrophysa ( 100) , 101
Margarita oregonensis ( 128)
Margaritana 131

falcata 132

margaritifera II, 132
Melania 117

canaliculata (116)

conica (116)

plicifera (116)

silicula (116)
Melantho decisa (125)
Menetus (81), 82, 86

exacuous 91

opercularis 92

Merriam, C. Hart, preface v
Microphysa 99

lansingi 44

pygmaea (53)

stearnsii (44)
Mollusks 1-171

bibliography 147-153

fresh water shells, distribution 1-6.

9-15

genera and species, systematic dis-
cussion 19-145

land shells, distribution 7-15

plates and plate descriptions 154,

156

Mouretia (in)
Muretia (in)
Musculium jayanum 139

lenticula 140

partumeium 139

raymondi 138

tenue 139

transversum 139

truncatum 140
Mya complanata (133)

margaritifera (132)

radiata (126)
Myxas (104)

Naiades 123
Nauta (104)

hypnorum (106), (107)



Nauta polaris (107)
Nautilina (83)
Nautilus crista (96)

lacustris 97
Neritostoma 55, (61)
Nutting, C. C., hydroids 173-234

Obelia 191

borealis 177, 192, 220
dichotoma 177, igi

dubia 177, 192, 222

plicata 177, 191
Odostomia (115)
Oligolimax (36)
Omphalia (61 )
Omphalolimnus (61), 63
Omphiscola 60, (61), 62
Onchidella 112

borealis 112, 113, 114

carpenteri 113

celtica 112, 113, 114

floridana 114
Onchidiidse 112
Onchidium 1 12, 114, 115

boreale (112)

celticum 113

nigricans 112

schrammi 114

typhae 112
Orbis (81)
Oreohelix 57

cooperi 52

stantoni 52

strigosa //, 52
Oxyloma 35

hungarica 55

Pagana (36)

Paludina cincinnatiensis 118

decisa (125)

emarginata (118)

grana (n8)

hyalina (91)

limosa (117)

lustrica 120

nuclea (119)

obtusa ( 1 18)

porata (117)

seminalis (119)



244



INDEX



Palundina virens (119)
Paraspira 82, 86
Parmacellina (36)

vitrinseformis 36
Parypha microcephala 187
Patella (107)

lacustris 107, 108
Patula 49

asteriscus (51)

cronkhitei (50)

occidentalis 49

pauper 50, 51

solitaria (49)

striatella 50

Patulastra pugetensis (43)
Periophthalmus 115
Petasia (39)

fabricii (41)

fulva 40

trochiformis (40)
Phenacarion foliolatus (47)

hemphilli (47)
Phenacolimax (36)
Phymesoda dubia (141)

idahoensis (141) A

scutellata 141

virginica 141

Physa ii, 63, (81), 84, 99, (100), XOI,
102, (104), 105, 107

albofilata (102)

ampullacea 103

ancillaria 102

bullata (103)

columnaris 99, IOI

contorta 99

costata 100, 101

crassa (102)

elongata (106)

elongatina (107)

fontinalis ii, 99, (lO2), 105

fragilis (101)

glabra (106)

globosa 99

guildingii 99, 100

gyrina 101

heterostropha zoi, 103

hildrethiana 102

hordeacea soj, 107

hypnorum (106)



Physa lata (101)
lordi 102, 103
microstoma 99
obesa (102)
oleacea (102)
parkeri (102), 103
philippii (101)
plicata (101)
polaris 107
primeana (101)
propinqua 103
turrita (106)
vinosa 102

Physastra (61), 62, 64
vestita 61, 64

Physella (99), 100

Physidae 99, 101

Physodon (99), 100

Physopsis 100, IOI

Phyza (99), (104)

Pierosoma 81, 85
binneyi 87
corpulentus 87, 88
trivolvis 88

Pisidium 3, 141

abditum (142), (143)
abyssomus (143)
abyssorum (143)
aequilaterale (141)
arcticum (144)
boreale (144)
compressum (142)
glaciale (144)
henslowianum (145)
idahoense (141)
nivale (144)
occidentale (143)
randolphi (145)
rotundatum (143)
scutellatum (141)
sibiricum (144)
steenbuchii (143)
ultramontanum (144)
variabile (142)
ventricosum (143)
virginicum (141)

Planaria (83)

Planella (120)

Planogyra 51



INDEX



2 4S



Planogyra asteriscus 57, 122
Planorbarius (81)


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