Heinrich August Ottokar Reichard.

An itinerary of France and Belgium: or, The traveller's guide through those ... online

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ber of men, whilst endeavouring to get possession of the
town, which was in the hands of the Allies.

FairB, Monday after ist January, the day after Cor-
pus Christi day, and, loth August

/ms. L'Ecii, la Hure, le Petit St. Vincent, leDau-
phm. Population, 6,700.

(c) Vervins, on the Senre, is a town cdebrated for
the treaty of peace concluded there, between Henry IV.^
and Philip II. of Spain. Vervms trades in baskets,
linens, lawns, and caiubrics. It has also paper-mills,
glass-houses, and manufiictories of hosiery.

(d) Atbsmbs, situated on the banks of the Great
Helpe. This small town was fortified by Vanban, and
trades in wood and hogs' heads. In its vicinity is the
forest of Mormal.

F«tr« 1st Sunday in Aunist. Population, 3,000.
(t) GrvsT, on the right bank of the Mense, has strong
ibitificatioas, and handsome barracks. It ha^ maoufac-


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torie« of woollen stuffs and leather, and trades in com,
marble, and merino ^heep. Population, 4,ooo.

if) DiNANT, on the Mense, is celebrated for its roa-
Dutactories of copper Dtensi is, \vhich are sent to Paris,
and different parts of the country ; also for its tanyards,
from which is exported a vast quantity of leather.
Very soperior cards are made here. In its environs are
iron mines, and qnanies of black marble, and other

{g) Namur, at the conOnence of the Sambre and the
Meiise, is a considerable commercial town. There are
irameroos forges, in which large quantities of ironmun-
f ery are manufactured ; but its principal commerce con-
nsts in copper, lead, marble, lime, aod coals : they also
manufacture cutlery, china, glue, and nails. It has a
glass-house and tanyards.

Fairs. The day after the 2d April, 9d July, and 1st
{Saturday in October.

Inns, Hotel de Flandre, Hotel d'Arscamp, and Ho-
tel de Hoilande.

(A) Liege,- chief town of the Ourte on the Meuse, is
a considerdble commercial town. It has an imperial
court, a reoate house, a bishop's see, an academy, and
lyceum. Its remarkable buildings and curiosities are,
the town-house, the quay, the fountains, particularly the
one^which is near the middle of the great square, and
the mountain of the ci-devant Chartreux, from the top
of which is a fine view of the town. The churches and
other buildings of Liege suffered much in the begiiming
of the revolution. The promenade called.Comemeuse is
very pleasant ; the scenery is rich and varied.

lliis town manufactures china, coarse cloths, cloclcs,
papers, gauzes, black laces, soap, aquafortis, copperas,
calamine, verdigris, woollen articles, fire-arms, nails,
and various other articles in iron, brass, and steeL Po-
pulation, 50,000.

^air, 2d November.

/mis. L'Aigle Noir, la Cour de Londres, la Pomme-
lette, le Canal du L^uvam, I'Hotel de Hoilande, and la
Couronne Imperiale.

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(i) Aix LA Chapelle, chief town of the RbSr, was
burnt and pillag^ed by the Huns in 451, and rebuilt by
Charlemagne^ who fixed his residence ther^. Before
the' revolution, his sword, belt, and the Livre des £Tan<^
^les, which was used at the coronation of the emperors,
^vere still to be seen here, in this town ai*e five mine-
ral springs, thirty-two common baths, and five vapour
baths, a large and superb hall for assemblies and masked
balls ; and a society for the encouragement of the arts
aod sciences. One of the best inns is the Grand Hotel,
.opposite the baths: there are also furnished apart-
ments to be hired at the large bathing houses, of which
there are seven.* There are manufactories for cloths,
laces, en\broidery, needles, and various articles in cop-
per and brass, as well as dye-houses. In the environs
are mines of iron, lead, andcoals. The traveller should
notice the cathedral, buiU by Charlemagne, the nave of
which still remains, as well as the wooden chair on which
the emperors were crowned: the town-house, one of
the towers of which was built by the Romans, the hall
and ganiep of Getschemberg, the ptirk of Drimbora,
an() the promeoade at Mont Lonis. Gen. Elliot, the
magnanimous defender of Gibraltar, died at Aix la Cha-
pelle, in 1790. •

Fairs, 2d May, 8th day after Whitsunday, 25th Sep-
tember, and 8 th, I3th, and 23d October.

Inns. Le Drapeau d'Or, le Grand Monarque, la Cour
de HoIIande, la Chaine^ d'Or, le Grand St. Martin, la
Cour Imperiale.

(As) Maestricht, chief town of the department of the
Lower Meuse, is divided by the river Mei^se into, two
unequal parts, one of which is called Wyck ; it is a large
and strong town, with a fine arsenal ; it was taken by
the French in the year 179^1. The diurch of Saint Se-
vace, the hotel de ville, the glass-house at Wyck, the
manufactories oC cloths and fire-arms, and the brewhouses,
merit the attention of the traveller. The repeated exca-
vations of freestone from the mountain of Saint Pierre
during several ceniriries, have formed an inextricable
G 2 • .

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labyrinth, of so great an extent^ that tbefe^is BotfuBg
which can be compared to it.

Amongst the numerous fossils discorered in these Tast
cavems, are the heads of two crocodiles ; one of which is
deposited in the mnseum of natural history at Pam,
and the other is to be seen in the central school of MaSs-
tricht There is a very fine view from the garden ot
the ci-devant convent of Slavante, situated on this
mountain. The Veyth of and the market are very fine
squares. The promenades by the Meuse and on the
ramparts are very pleasant, A boa^ sails every day from
Ma&tricht, and readies Li^ge in six hours : the price of
. a place in the cabin is two shillings. This town mami-
fiictures pins, soap, starch, and brandy; they also grow
endive and tobacco.
Fairs, 13th May, and second Sunday in September.
imu. liCS Trois Rols, le Moulin k Vent on the Vey-
thofy le Levrier, and le Oisque. Population, 1 89400*


Namet •fthe Relay t. ■ LeagMe$.

Le Bonrgiet 3

(a) Loovres ,. 3

La Chapelle en Serval. . 3

(fr) Senlis 3

(c) Pont Sainte Maxeace . • 3
Bois de Lihea ........ 3

Goarnay 8ur Aronde .. 3

Caviily 2^

Conchy les Pots t

(d) Roye 3

Fonches 2

Marchele Pot 2

(e) Peronne 3

Fins 4

Bouavis .^ 3

(/)Cambray 3

Bonchain 4

Nta^ts of the Relapt, Lmgnet*

(g) YaleDciennes ••• 4

(A) Qaievrain 3

Qoareenon .• H

(I) Mon» r

Castian 2^

Brain le Comte U

Hall ?

(J)BraxeUet «• 4

Cortemberg •..••••..^. S|

(k) Louvain ••«.... 3'

(0 Tirleniont ..^.. A

. Saint Trond 4

Orey 4|

Liege* tt

Battices 5

Aix IK €»iapelle« ft

(a) Louvres manufactures laces and blonds.

54 p. lesii.

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(b) Sen LIS, on the Nonette, an ancient town, is nearly
sarrounded by a large forest. The ^teeple of the cathe-
dral is remarkably high. This town trades in com, Aour,
wines, wood, and fine porcelain ; it nlannfactores cot-
tons, buttons, and laces : there are also cotton mills,
paper mills, bleaching yards, and quarries of fine stones.
Hotel, du Grand Coq. Population, 4,400.
- (c) Pont Saint Maxence, on the Oise. This town
tffides in com and flour ; it has manufactories for combs,
apd for dressing buck-skins, and chan^pis leathers. Po-
pulation, 3,000. *

(d) Rote. The inhabitants of this town are em-
ployed in spinning cotton, and in knitting and weaving
worsted stockings. Population, 3,000.

(«) Peronne, on the Somme, has strong fortifications,
and is also defended by marshes. It trades in lawns,
cambrics, and }jiapers, and manufactures linens and cot-
tons. Hotel, Saint Martin. Population, 3,800.

(/) Cambray is a strong city on the Escaut. The
steeple of the cathedral is very neatly constructed ; the
streets are very regtilar, and the grand square has a hand-
some appearance. The town-house is superb ; the ar-
chitecture is modern ; and it has a remarkable clock : the
citadel, which is situated on an eminence, is magnificent.
The episcopal palace is likewise a handsome building.
Cambray manufactures cambric, which takes its name
from this place ; also lawns, linens, cloths, hosiery, laces
like those of Valenciennes, tapestry, and carpets, in imi-
tation of those of Anbusson. The inhabitants are like-
wise employed in spinning, tanning, and dressing white
leather, llie Spaniards took this town in isgs, and kept
it till it was united to France in 1667. It was the birth-
place of Bondon, a leamed physician ; of the two Marsi,
celebrated sculptors ; andor Enguerrand de Monstrelet,
who continued Froissart's Chronicles. The immortal
Fenelon was archbishop of this place.

Fairs. 24th April, and 27th October;

Inn, Hotel du Grand Canard.

(g*) VALENciENtTES, a stroug town on the Escaut,
manofiictures linens, cambrics, lawns, gauzes, thread,

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woollea itoffis nails* china, and lace, known by the
i of Valenciennes' lace, lliis town was tM>nibanied

and taken by the Allies in 1793. The citadel was built
by Vauban. It has a theatre. Jean Froissart, the his-
torian of the 14th centory, and Antointf Watean, a
painter, who excelled in village scenes, were bom at

Fair, 8thSeptember.

Jnn», Le Grand Canard, and la Biclie.

(A) QuiBVRAiN. In the enyirOns of this place sire coal*
mines, more celebrated thai^ t^ose of England.

(t) MoNS, cJiief town of the Jemmape. Near to tins
town was fooght the famous battle of Jemmape, ii) 1799.
The 6eld of battle is on the left of the high road, to-
wards the marches. Between Boissy and Jemmape is to
be seen a brick monument, in memory of Prince
Charles de Ligne ; and several pillars, in memory of
some general officers who were killed there. Mens is
remarkable for its churches. Jt has a considerable ma-
nufactory of lace, in imitation of that of Valenciennes :
the inhabitants are also employed in knitting, making
china, and refining su^ar. Population, 31,300.

Imu. Hotel de I'Aigle Imperial, and le Fakand.

(j) Bruxbllbs, chief town of Dyle, on the Senne,
is a large, populous, and handsome town. It has maiqr
magnificent squares, public buildings, walks, and foun-
tains. The Hotel de Ville, in the grand marketrplace,
is a remarkable structure ; it has a Gothic tower $64
feet in height. The church of St. Gudule, and the cba-
j^el, deserve the attention of the traveller. The portal
of the churdi of the Augustins is much admnred : the
church of the Ca^chins is said to be the finest belong-
ing to this order in Europe ; the.paik Iws a range of
fine imnses and superb palaces, and a basin of water ;
there is a foontam here, erected by Lord Bmce, in -the
square dn Sablon, in 1751 : and a canid, which is one of
the finest works of the department. Among iu public
buildings are,, also, the theatre, the court of Hidicatme,
the hotel d'Aremberg, the lyceum, and the public li-
brary, which contains 120,000 volumes. The ^oviroM.

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of BmxeUes prodace great quantities of vegetables, and
frnit of all sorts : the meadows are freqaentW iniindated
io the winter by the waters of the little river Senne.

This town manufactures laces, hats, stockings of all
kinds, serges^ plushes, dimities, cottons, thread, printed
calicoes, gold and silver lace, paper hangin|6, coarse
clotlis, stofis, tobacco, soap, starch, ollof vitnol, aqua-
fortis, cUna, porcelain, glass bottles, camlets, cloths,
paper, various articles in iron and tin, also different ma-
chines used in the preparation of stuflfe ; there are like-
wise dyehonses for silk, wool, and thread. Near to
Braxelles is the magnificent palace of Lacken.
fairs. 22d May, and I8th October.
PubUc Baths, Rue des Alexiens, at the Jardin St.
Georges. . , ^ . ., ,

PrincipoZ Cajfee-bauses. La Monnaie, PAmib^, le
Grand Caf6, and le Caft Turc. ,

Principal Hotels. Hotel de Flandre, m the Place
Roy^e; Hotel de Belle Vue^ d'Angleterre, de Suede,
de New York, and de Wellington, in the Park.

A more particular description of Brusseb may be fonnd
in Romberg's Brussels and its Emoinms.

(A) LouvAiN, on the Dyle. This town is large, bnt.
ill built : it had formerly one of the most celebrated
univereities in Europe. The townhouse is a fine Gothic
building, and the Maison d'Invalides is magmficent
The inhabitants are employed iu refining sugar, making
gb, and various sorti of oiU, china, starch, bottles, and
window-^ass. It is celebrated for its beer. Tlie canU
of Louvain forms a connnunication with Mabnes and

(1) TiELBMOWT, on the Gette; a neat town, ne^r
whidiis the viUage of Neerwinden, celebrated by two
battles bdmg fought there. Tirlemonjt uMWufacturet
woollen ftufe, flannels, and stockings. Poputotion,


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Na$ut 9/ the RtUift. Leagues.
MonUnbui (see No.4.) 103

Fronton 5

Broydrei 3

(«) Tonlo

(«)Toiilons6 4

Sames of the Relays. Leagmm.

Moutbett 4

Point Saint Salpice .... 4

(6)Gaiilac 5

(c)Alby : 5

99 p. 1961.

(a) Toulouse is a large and ancient city, on the
right bank of the Garonne, where the canal of Langoe^
doc terminates. It had formerly an aniphitlieatre, m
capitol ftnd several other superb monuments; bat the
Visigoths completely destroyed them : no vestiges now
remain, except some ruins of the amphitheatre. An uu-
Yersity was founded here in 19S9) and several acade-
mies, amongst which that of the Jeux Floraux was dis-
tinguished as one of the most ancient literary societies
,in Europe. The Hotel de Ville is one of the most mag-
nificent in France. The mill of Basacle is much ad-
mired : there are sixteen milbtones put in motion *by
the waters of the Garonne, without the disagreeable
.npise which i% made ' in other mills ; each millstone
grinds from 4 to 6oo bushels of flour in a day. The pro-
menades of Toulouse are very pleasant antl extensive,
and tiie bridge is one of tlie finest in Europe. The pro-
ductions of this town consist of silt, wool, com, flour,
wine, and timber. Its manufactures are fine clotlu,
silk stuffi for furnitures, gauzes, printed calicoes, coun-
terpasesy blankets, printed baizes, Sfc, Almost all the
houses are ancient, and built of bricks. The hotels are
numerous, and are remarkable for their grandeur and
architecture. Amongst the public squares, the greater
part of which are small and irregalar, the most distin>

Siished are, that before the townhouse, those of Saint
eorge's and of the prefect, decorated with a fountain,
and that of St. Cyprien, which is a regular square, orna-
mented with uniform fronts. The traveller should
notice the churches of St« Ettenne and St. Semim

* Df6itized by Google


The environs of Toulouse everT wbere preset charm*
log promenades. The esplanade consists of several
walks of unequal length, which lead to a circular enclo^
sure. Near this, the canal du Midi offers another pro«
menade equally pleasant, and very long. At a diort
distance from the place where the canal enters the Ga-
ronne, on a level with the river, another canal has been
cut, which rejoins the Garonne above the mill of
Basacle, and is intended for the boats which, bein|^
stopped by the dike, cannot proceed along the river.
These two canals, being bordered with several rows of
trees, form beautiful walks, which are terminated by
bridges, locks, and a view of the river. This town has
a royal court, an archbishop's see, a mint where pieces
mariiied N. are cohied, an academy, and a roval college,
formeriy a lycenm. It is the birthplace of Cujas, the
famous lawyer, and of Campistron, a traeic author.
.Toulouse suffered much from the explosion of a powder
magazine April l6, I8l6: the public buildings were
most of them dama|{ed. Population, 56,000.

Fairs, 21st January, soth February, H9d March, 91st
April, S4th June, dOth July, 19th August, 95d Septem-
ber^ 93d October, 99d November, and 1st December.

Imt$. Hotel duNord, de France, du Grand Soleil^
des Ambassadeors, and d'Angleterre.

The Canal of Languedoc or Canal du Midi joins the
Garonne, about a mile from Toulouse, and thus forms a
communication between Cette, on the Mediterranean Sea
and fiordeaux, on the Bay of Biscay. The intermediate
places,on this canal are Ville Franche, Carcassone, Be-
lters, and Adffe, whence vessels are continually proceed-
ing to MarseiUes and Leghorn. Merchant-boats occupy
three days in going down the Garonne from Toulouse to
Bordeaux* and from Bordeaux to Toulouse ten days.
The fare for each person is 19 francs , but during die
sommer the Garonne is occasionallv so shallow as to pre-
vent the passage of boats. The government packel-boat,
along the canal from Toulouse to Beziers, charges nine
francs fifty centimes for each person, and four francs
sixty centimes per cwt for luggage. It occupies only

d by Google

70 ItlKERARY or

three days in going while a merchant-boat generally em*
ploys five or six days in the voyage. Merchant vesseU
will convey carriages, bnt the government-packets are not
allowed to do so. Tlie canal is flliut from the i5tli 'August
to the 1st October, in order that kmay be cleansed.

(b) Gaillac, on the right bank of the Tarn, carries
on a considerable trade in wines- Population, 6,465.

(c) Alb V, chief town of tlie department of the Tarn,
situated on the left bank of that river, manufactures
Jinens, handkerchiefs, wax, candles, hats, writing paper,
tapestry, china, iron articles, and copper-plates j there
is also a foundry for bulhdts. It irades in com and
wine. The principal objects wortliy of nptice are, the
church of St. Cecile, the hotel of the prefect, the hospi-
tal Saint Jacques, and the tlieatre. ,

Inns, Hotel des Ambassadeurs, dn Lion d*Or,* da
Bon Pasteur, and du Grand Soleil.

No. is.^RoirrE fuom paris to albn^on, principal


Namtt tf the Relayt, Leagues.

(a)Sdvre8 -ij

Versailles* 2

Pont Chartrain 5

LaQaeae .....<... 3

(6)Houdan 3

MaroUes 2

(c) t)reDx..... 3

Nonanconrt 3

Names of the Relays. Leagues.

(rf) Timbre 31

(f ) Verneail , sl

Saint Maurice ^

(/) Mortagne 5

Mesle snr Sarte 4

Le Minilbrunst f|

r(;) Alen9on 3

2o3 p. 47i I.


Jtumes of the Relays. Leagues.

Mdrvilette 3

Chateau Ne«f en Tbime-

raii ^.... t

Digny 2

Names of the Relays. League.
Saint Jean des l|nrf era. . 3
Regnudard 4

(h) Belesme.... 4

9 p. 18 1.

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KmmeseftheReluifM. Leagues. | Namu of tht Reiayt. Uaguef.

(0 Anet '4 i Septeaii 3

HomUb* 4 I (/) Mantes "I^

6i p. l^ I.

(if) From Anet to Pacy. . i 5 p.

( /) ^rom Ch&teaaneaf to Maiiftenon 6

From Belesme to Mortagne* • 4

From Beaumont to Nenfchitel 4

(a) Sevres, on the Seine, is celebrated for its i
factory of procelain, and its glasshouse. There is also a
manoractory for earthen- ware, and one for sealing-wax.

(6) HouDAN, a small town ; trades in wools ; and has
maoafactories for hats and stockings. Popnlation, 1,900.

(c) Dreux, on the right bank of the BMise, is cele-
brated by two battles fonght there ; one in 1559, during
the reign of Charles IX. ; the other in 1563, when the
Prince of Coud^ was taken^ prisoner. It has manufac-
tories for cloths, serges, blankets and hosiery ; also cotton
and paper-mills. It derives its name from the Druids,
who inhabited the neighbouring forests.

Inns. Le Paradis, laPoste. St. Barbe, and ]*Echiquier.

(d) TiLLiERES^has forges, and makes pins.

{e) Yerneuil. This small town, situated on the
Avre, is remarkable for its Gothic church, the principal
tower of which may be seen at four leagues' distance. It
is suVrounded by beautiful promenades, which have been
made on the ancient ramparts. It trades in iron, linens,
and coarse cloths, and has tanyards, forges, furn^i^es,
and a paper mill. It manufactures coarse stuffs, stock-
iuj^s, socks, gloves, caps, pins, druggets, flannels, serges,
TOper, nails, wire, caiicoes, dimities, and pins. The
English obtained a victory over the French at this place
in 1^24.

lima. Le Cheval Blanc, PHotel du Cygne, and le
Gnmd Saint Martin. Population, 5,306.

(/) 'MoRTAGNE. This towu manufactures large quan-
tities of linen, napkins, dimities, and serges* Popula-
tion, 5,790.

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About ten miles N. of tbis town is tbe tnonastefy of
La Tirmppe, which stands m a Ridley, in the imiftediUe
minity of three small lakes. It derived the name of
La Trappe from the intricaey of the Toad descendiBg to
it, which, in mauy respects, resembles a labyrinth, ami
I^mIs through a forest so daii^ and intricate, that it islmt
little known, even to the inhabiliants of the adjacent
country. The refectory is famished with wooden tablet
and benches, and each brother has a trencher, a jog of
water, and a cup with his name inscribed on it. llieir
Cbod consists principally of coarse bread soaked in water,
a little salt, raw carrots, and otbei' TegetableH. , They
-«iery rarely have cheese, and never meat, fish, or esgs.
Tlieir bed is a small truckle boarded,' with a sin&le cover-

gg, generally a blanket, and uo mattress nor pillow.' No
e is allowed but in the grea| hail, which they never ap-
proach. They have only two meals a day, at eleven in
Ike momnig, and in the evening. Their cells are small,
.and have no furniture but a bed of boards,^ a faumait
tkull, and a few religious books. Conversation is never
permitted. In I6i6 aemall cabaret was erected adjoiu-
kig the monastery for the accommodation of visitors, the
abbey being barely sufficient for its own members.

(g^ Aleh^ov, chief town of the Orne, on the Sarte, it
aitaated in a fertile plain. The town-house is an elegant
atmcture. It has a manu&ctory of very beautiful lace,
luown by the name of point d'Alen^on, where a single
pair of ruffles may be made to cost between 5 and 6,ooo
ifaact* ft alto mamtfacturestickua^y.serffet, light sti^,
-and dimities. In its environs are mines cf iron and red- •
lead,, an^ a ttone is found here called diamant Alen^oa.
Population, 13,500.

(h) Belbsmb^ This town faais sustiuned several sieges,'
the greater part of which have been raised. The lung,
St, Louis, took i^osses^on oC it in tass, after repeatedly
attacking it for nfteeo davs. It trades in canvass, table-
Vnuk and tinker. In the forest, near this place, ast
#xcellent nunerai waters, and mines of iroou

(i) Anet, a viUage, hat a fine castle, a Aorae, aiid a
aunutactory for paper.

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FRANCfiy BKLOIUM, &C. . 73

(;) Mantes, on the Seine, hat a superb hridge,
with three arches. It trades in wuie, rye, and oats, and
manofacturefl linens, cottons, and hosiery. Pop. 4,ooo.

(fc) Pact-sur-bure trades in staffs, linen, and thread.
In its environs are found fossils of all kinds.

(I) Maintknon, is a neat town, on tlie Eure. The
aqueducts of its ancient castle, over the river, are much
admired. They vrere commenced by Louis XlVtb, to
conVey the waters of the Eure to Versailles.


From Paris lo Amieiii (see Nb.l.) SO p.



Narmts oftht Stta^t, Uatties, | am es of the IMmft. LMfitM.

From Paris to Breteail I From Bretenil to Amiens

(see JVb.2.) U I (*«« iVo. l.) .....,..T

IH P- 81 1.


From BeawMli to OtarmoBt* (Oise) « p.


» ^th0 ROmg: iMfUM. I NaaMf ^<A« BOt^. Lragtut,
VUI«»-Breto»ii«ax •... 4 j P^rouw* a|

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Names 0/ the Jielaj^, teagnee,

Sevres* 2i

y«rsaUlest «, 2

Gunai^refl 4

RamlToalllet* ^

(a) £pernon.4 ....< 3

Maintenon* 2

(b) Chartres «.. 41

Coarville ., 4^

MonUandon ...^ 4

(f) Nogept le Rotrou , 5

Names ^ the Relapt, L^agum

(d) La Fert^ Bernacd 5


St. Martz (a Bruy^re

(e) LeMans

€kie8ielard ..^•.. 4

Fouilietoorte .•... 5

(/)LaFleche S

(g) Durtal 5

SncUe p

(k) Angers 4


Names of the Relays. leagues* i Names of the Relays, Leagues.

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