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Baal at, 203.
range of Mount, 44.
Cendebaeus, the Syrian general,

528-9.
Ceremonies observed among the

Judaeans, 397.
Character of Moses, 30.
Characteristics of the Prophets, 15.
Chasidim or Nazarites, 422, 436,

457, 460.

deceived and outraged by Alcimus,
483-



Chasidim, one of the three parties

in Judaea, 489.
persecuted by Antiochus Epi-

phanes, 457.
support Mattathias, 460.
Chebel band of associates of

Samuel, 76.
Chemosh, god of the Ammonites,

55. i75-
Cherethites, 122.

Choral services at the temple, 120,

151.

Chronicles, books of, 411.
Civil war between David and Absa-
lom, 138145.

David and Ishbosheth, 109.
Tibni and Omri, 192.
Claims of Israel to Canaan, 4.
Cleopatra, 506, 518.
Climate of Canaan, 42.
Ccelesyria, province of, 414.

conquered by Ptolemy, 416.
Coinage of Simon, 525, 528.
Colonies of the Greeks in Palestine,

419.
of the Judaeans in Egypt and

Syria, 418, 503.
Commencement of Hebrew poetry.

29.

Coniah Jeconiah, 306.
Conquest of Jericho and Ai, 33 f.
Consecration, days of, instituted by

Judas Maccabasus, 472.
of the new walls of Jerusalem, 381.
of the people to Jehovah, 380.
of Solomon's temple, 166.
of the second temple, 359.
Council of seventy elders and Moses,

25.

of the seventy, 394, 472.
Court of the king, 91.

of Solomon, 161.
Covenant, between the Judaeans and

Jehovah, 380.
of the people against proselytes

and inter-marriages, 368.
Customs of the nations surrounding

Israel, 53 ff.

Cuthaeans. See Samaritans.
Cyaxares, king of Media, 287.

conquers Nineveh, 303.
Cyrene, Judaeans settle in, 503.
Cyrus, conquers Babylon, 344-50.
defeats the Babylonians, 343.
king of Babylonia, 350.
king of Medo-Persia, 342.
permits the Judaeans to return
home, 351.



INDEX.



537



Damascus conquered by David, 127.

by Jeroboam II., 231 f.

by Rezon of Zobah, 177.

by Tiglath-Pileser, 259.

See Benhadad, Hazael and Rezin.
Dan, a place of worship for the ten

tribes, 186.
Daniel, book of, 465 ff.

xii. 2^ xi. 21-24; 45,443-
Danites, settlement of the, 39.
Darius, successor of Cambyses,359 f.
David, of Bethlehem, 95-155.

Absalom rebels against, 138.

alliance with Hiram, 118.

and Ishbosheth, 104-24.

and Nathan, 150.

anointed by Samuel, 96.

apparent traitor of his country, 100.

armour-bearer of Saul, 98.

boundaries of his kingdom, 129.

character of, 130.

defeats Moabites and Ammonites,
125.

defeats the Philistines, no.

deludes Achish, 102.

desires to build the temple, 150 ff.

great works of, 154.

king of Judah, 106.

king of the whole country, 112.

laments over Absalon.'s death, 145.

marries Michal, 100.

meets Goliath, 95.

meets Saul and Jonathan, 97.

misfortunes of, 131 ff.

persecuted by Saul, 99.

returns to Jerusalem, 146.

Uriah and Bathsheba, 131.

's death, 155.
Death of Moses, 30.
Deborah, 61.
Decalogue, giving of the, 21.

importance and effect of the, 21-3.
Dedication of the new walls of
Jerusalem, 381.

of the temple under Judas Macca-

baeus, 473.
Deity, how conceived among the

Judseans, 402.

Deliverer, Moses the, of Israel, 15.
Deliverers, temporary .called Judges,

59 ff.

Demetrius, son of Antigonus, 417.
Demetrius I., 481-525.

appoints Alcimus as high priest,

483-
Demetrius II. and Alexander Balas,

494 ff.



Demetrius II., and Simon, 521, 525

attempts bribing the Judaeans, 495.
Demetrius the librarian, and the Sep-

tuagint, 514.

Depopulation of Judaea, 325.
Deportation of Israelites to Assyria.
260, 264-5.

of Judaeans to Babylonia, 307, 325.
Desert, wanderings in the, 20.
Destruction of Jerusalem; its con-
sequences, 315 ff.
Deuteronomy, book of, 289, 292.

viii. 7-9 ; xxxiii. 13-14 ; 47.
Diodotus Tryphon, 497, 525, 528 ff.

captures Jonathan, 499.
Dionysian festivals in Alexandria

and Jerusalem, 428.
Disciples of Elijah, 200.

of Isaiah, 253.

of Samuel, 76.
Disintegration of the Judseans, 383,

434-

of the kingdom of Judah, 281.
of the tribes, 57.

Dispersion of the Jews, first, 227.
Disputation between Judaeans and
Samaritans in Alexandria, 516.
Disputes between Samuel and Saul,

92.

Divine service, 401.
Doag, leader of Saul's guard, 91.
Dositheus of Alexandria, 505.
Doubters among the Judaeans, 429.

Earliest inhabitants of Canaan, I ff.
Earthquake in Uzziah's time, 229.

predicted by Amos, 236.
Ebal, Mount of, 45.
Eben-ha-Ezer, Philistines defeat the
Israelites at, 70:

Israelites defeat the Philistines at,

78.

Ecclesiasticus, book of, 439-41.
Ecclus. ix. 3 ; xxxii. 3, 4 and 6 ;

429, 439-
Edomites, subdued by Amaziah of

Judah, 222.
See Idumaea.
Eglon, king of Moab, killed by Ehud,

60.

Egypt and Assyria at war, 263.
emigration of Jacob to, 4.
emigration of Johanan, Jeremiah,

etc., to, 323.
induces Judah to rebel against

Nebuchadnezzar, 306, 309.
invaded by Antiochus Epiphanes,

450, 452.



538



INDEX.



Egypt under Apries (Hophra) and I

Nebuchadnezzar, 312.
under Necho, 296.
under Ptolemy I., Soter, 416.
See Ptolemy,
under Shishak inimical to Israel.

176.
Egypt's aid courted by Judah under

Hezekiah, 269.
alliance with Solomon, 161.
Egyptian idolatry, 9.

introduced in Judah, 300.
Egyptians, accomplishments and at-
tainments of, 8.
and Israelites, 7.
and Persians, 407.
bright and dark sides of, 8.
early history of, 8.
Egypto-Judaean community in Alex-
andria, 418.

Ehud, the judge, of Benjamin, 60.
Elah, king of Israel, killed by Zimri,

192.
Elath and Eziongeber, important

seaports, 170, 176.
Eldersrr Zekenim, in early time, 7.

and Moses, 25.
Eleasa, defeat of the Judaeans at,

487.
Eleazar, brother of Judas Mac-

cabasus, 479.
Eleazar, the high priest, and the

Septuagint, 514.
Election of Saul at Mizpah, 83.
Eli, the priest at Shiloh, 69-71.
Eliakimzrjehoiakim, king of Judah,

299.
Eliakin, son of Hilkiah, Shebna's

successor, 272.
Eliashib, the high priest, 362, 383.

deposed by Nehemiah, 385.
Elijah, the Tishbite, 199.
at Sarepta, 203.
meets Ahab, 202 f.
meets Ahaziah, 207.
pursued by Jezebel, 204.
's return prophesied by Malachi,

385-
Elisha, Elijah's successor, 207.

activity and work of, 217.

highly respected by Joash of

Israel, 223.
his death, 228 f.
meets Jehoshaphat and Jehoram,

209.

meets Naaman, 224.
Emendations of Judges iii. 8 and 10 ;

60.



Emendations of I. Sam. xv. 32 ; 93.
Emigration of Jacob to Egypt, 4.

of Johanan, Jeremiah, etc., to

Egypt, 323 f.

Emim Anakim and Rephaim, 2.
Endor, Gideon's encampment at, 62.

Saul consults the witch at, 103.
Ephes Damim, Goliath and Philis-

tines slain at, 97 f.
Epiphanes of Egypt, 433 ff.
Ephraim and Manasseh, settlement

of, 35 f-
Ephraimites displeased with Saul's

election, 83.
headthe revolt against Rehoboam,

181 f.

punished by Jephthah, 65.
ruined with the other nine tribes,

265.
side with Absalom against David,



Epicurus's doctrines influencing Ju-

daeans, 429.

Esarhaddon of Assyria, 284.
Ethbaal (Ithobel) of Tyre, ally of

Omri, 194.
Ethbaal II., vassal of Nebuchad-

nezzar, 304, 306.
Ethnarch at Alexandria, office of,

507.

Evil-Merodach of Babylon, 331.
Exile, Babylonian, 329-53.
of the Israelites, 260, 264.
of the Judaeans, 307, 317, 325.
prophets of the, 344-49.
Exiles, moral change of the, in Baby-

lonia, 333-5.

number of the Judaean, 332.
obtain grants of land, 330.
treated kindly by Nebuchadnez-

zar, 329.
Exiled priests settle in Samaria,

39 ff-
Exodus of the Israelites from Egypt,

17-
of the Judaeans from Babylonia,

Ezekiel, son of Buzi, the prophet

332 .

xxiii. 7, 8, and xxxviii. 8 ; 12, 407.
Ezra enforces the observance of the

law, 387-8.

guardian of the temple, 382.
insists upon dissolution of mixed

marriages, 367-9.
not a man of action, 371.
reads the law to the people, 378.
visits Jerusalem, 366.



INDEX.



539



Famine in Israel under Ahab, 203.

in Judah under Uzziah, 229 f.
Feast of Dedication, 473.

of Lights, 472.

of Tabernacles, 380.
Fertility of the land of Israel, 46 ff.
Fleet of Solomon, 170 f.
Future life, doctrine of, 404.

Gad and half Manasseh, attacked by

Nahash, desire a king, 80.
settles in the trans-Jordanic terri-

tory, 29 f.
Gad, the prophet, joins David, 100,



Galilee, land of, 45.

Gath conquered by David's troops,

117 f.
Gaza, Ptolemy defeats Demetrius

at, 417.

taken by Alexander the Great, 412.
Gazara, a stronghold of the Hellen-

ists, 523.
Gedaliah appointed governor of

Judah, 319.

murdered by Ishmael, 322.
overseer of the Judaean prisoners,

315.
Gehazi, Elisha's disciple and ser-

vant, 218, 223.
Gehenna, valley of, 115.
Ge-Hinnon Hell, 404.
Gelil Haggoyim Galilee, 164.
Gen. xlix. 16 and 17 ; 66.
Geography of Jerusalem and neigh-

bourhood, 1 15 f.
of Palestine or Land of Israel,

42 f.

Gerizim, 45.
Gibeah of Benjamin, taken by Jona-

than, 85.

residence of Saul, 89.
Gibeon, Joshua's victory over the

Canaanites at, 34.
Gibeonites or Hivites and Rizpah,

123.

in Ezra's time, 367.
massacred by Saul, 94.
submit to Joshua, 34.
Gibborim m heroic warriors, 100.
Gideon-Jerubbaal routs the Midian-

ites, 62.
Gilboa, Mount, 44.

Saul, his sons and army slain on

Mount, 103 f.
Gilead, 50.

faithful to Jehovah under Ahab,
200.



Gilead, inhabitants of, aided by Ju-
das Maccabaeus, 474.
Gileadites of Jabesh pressed by Na-
hash the Ammonite, 89 f.
Gilgal, annual meetings of the peo-
ple under Samuel at, 78.
first centre of worship under

Joshua, 40.

Saul and his army meet at, 85.
school of prophets at, 205, 234.
tribes renew their oath of allegi-
ance to David, 146 ff.
God of Israel, the, 5, 283, 402.

of hosts, 130.
Gods of Egypt, 9.
Goliath and David, 95 ff.
Gorgias, the Syrian, defeated by

Judas Maccabaeus, 465.
defeats Joseph and Azariah, 476.
Goshen, land of, 7.
Government of Israel under David,

121 f.

under Saul, 90 f.
under Solomon, 162, 172.
Governors of Ccelesyria, Andro-
machus, Memnon and Joseph,
son of Tobias, 414, 425.
Governors of Judaea after the exile,

360 ff.
See Zerubbabel, Joshua, Nehe-

miah, etc.

Greece and Judaea, 413.
Greek colonies in Palestine, 419.
customs spread in Judaea, 427 f.
faction among the Judaeans, 435.
games among the Judaeans, 438.
translation of the Pentateuch,

510, 512.
Greeks and Macedonians, 411.

Hadad (Adad) of Idumasa, fights

against Solomon, 176.
Hadadezer of Zobah, helps Hanun

against David, 126.
Haggai, the prophet, 359.
Hanukkah^zdays of consecration,

473-
Hanun, the Ammonite, defeated by

David, 127.

insults David's messengers, 126.
Haphtarah, 400.
Hasmonaeans. See Maccabees,
connect themselves with the Ro-
mans and Parthians against
Syrians, 490.

leaders of the nation, 490.
one of the three parties in Tudaaa,
489.



540



INDEX.



Hathor, the Egyptian goddess, 9.

Havvoth Jair, 64.

Hazael of Damascus, invades Israel

and Judah, 220 f.
's war against Israel, 210.
Hebrew alphabet, Assyrian charac-
ters of the, 395 f.
literature taken along into the

captivity, 334 f.
poetry, commencement of, and

two characteristics of, 29.
tongue cultivated by the Judseans

in Babylonia, 364.
Hebron, Absalom rebels against

David at, 139.

inhabited by the Idumasans, 474.
residence of David, 109.
Helam, defeat of the Aramaeans at,

127.

Hell Ge-Hinnon, 404.
Hellenism in Judaea, 435, 439, 442-71.
Hellenists, Acra occupied by the,

47*. 488.

masters of the country, 488.
overthrow of, 523.
side with Alcimus, 483.
Heman, chief psalmist and musician

at Gibeon, 79, 121.
Hermon, Mount, 44.
Heron, a Syrian commander, de-
feated by Maccabaeus, 462.
Hezekiah, king of Judah, 268-80.
and Merodach-baladan, 278.
change of policy of, 272.
death of, 280.

defense against Sennacherib, 275.
early measures of, 268 f.
illness and recovery of, 276.
restores Jehovah's worship, 266-7.
rule of, 278.

unites with Egypt against As-
syria, 269.

weakness of character, 268.
High-priestly office made equal to

that of royalty, 219.
High-priests
Abiathar, 120.
Alcimus, 482.
Azariah, 167, 245.
Eliashib, 362.
Hilkiah, 289, 365.
Jason, 444, 480.
Jehoiada, 213 ff.
Jehoiakim, 360.
Joiada, 386, 409.
Jonathan, 495.
Joshua, 351 ff.
Judas Maccabseus, 481.



High-priests

Onias, I., II., and III., 413, 423,

437-

Onias IV., 505, 507, 522.
Onias Menelaus, 447-80.
Seraiah, 314, 365.
Simon I., and II., 420, 432.
Zachariah, 220.
Zadok, 1 20.

Highroads of the king, 171.
Hilkiah, high priest under Josiah,

289, 365.
Hiram of Tyre, 1 18.

friend of Solomon, 161-2.
receives for gold twenty Israelit-

ish towns, 164.
supplies Solomon with cedar and

cypress wood, 164.
Hiram, the artist, building the tem-
ple, 165.

Historical books, from Genesis to
the end of Judah, compiled by
Baruch, 336.
Hittites Hivites, 3.
Hollow Syria := Ccelesyria, 414.
Holy City, 114 ff.

Land, i, 41.
Hosea, Beeri's son, the prophet,

240.
Hosea II., contemporary of Isaiah,

2 5i-

chapter ii. 46 ; 241.
's speeches against idolatry, 240 f.
Hoshea, son of Elah, kills Pekah of

Israel, 260, 263.
king of Samaria, 263.
prisoner of Shalmaneser, 264.
Huldah, the prophetess, 286, 293.
Human sacrifices under Ahab, 260 f.
Humane spirit of the Decalogue, 23.
Hushai of Erech, David's friend,

141 f.

Hymn of Moses, 293.
Hyrcanus, 429, 431, 437, 444.

Idolaters severely treated by David,

1 3 I -

Idolatry abolished by Jehu of Israel,

211 ff.

abolished by Josiah, 294.
among the Persians, 408.
Assyrian, in Israel, 247.
Assyrian, in Judah, 260, 269, 282 ff.
Egyptian, in Judah, 300, 306.
introduced by Antiochus Epiph-

anes, 455.
introduced by Jehoram of Judah,

209.



INDEX.



541



Idolatry introduced by Jeroboam I.

and II., 186, 233.
Israelites influenced by, 57.
of the nations surrounding Israel,

54 ff.
of the Phoenicians in Israel under

Omri and Ahab, 195 ff.
of the wealthy exiles, 340.
permitted by Solomon, 175.
to be spurned, 41.
Idumaeans, assisted by Egypt, defeat

Judah, 226 f.

defeated by Abishai, 128.
defeated by Uzziah (Azariah),

230.

fight the Israelites, 27.
intercourse of the Israelites with,

kill fugitive Judaeans, 318.

make settlements in Southern

Judaea, 325.
remain enemies of Judaea, 435,

474-

subdued by Amaziah, 222.
Impurity, laws concerning purity

and, 401.
Indian trade of Solomon, 169.

renewed by Uzziah (Azariah), 130.
Inhabitants of Canaan, original, i.
Intermarriages between Israelites

and their neighbours, 56.
between Judasans and their neigh-
bours, 361.
dissolved and forbidden by Ezra,

367-9, 386.
practised again, 383.
Internal affairs of the Alexandrian

community, 504.
conflicts in Judaea after the death

of Maccabaeus, 491.
government of Israel under David,

121, 154.
government of Israel under Saul,

90.

government of Israel under Solo-
mon, 162, 172.
Ipsus, battle at, 417.
"Iron sea" of Solomon's temple,

165.
Isaiah, Amoz's son, of Jerusalem,

251-4.

disciples of, 253.
's efforts to restrain Hezekiah

from war with Assyria, 270.
immediate and permanent effect

of the speeches of, 252-3.
opposes Ahaz's seeking Assyrian
help, 258.



iah, predicts Jerusalem's deliver-
ance, 272.

sons of, 251, 258-9.
Isaiah, the Babylonian, 344 ff.

Isaiah i. 11-14, 253; ii. 2-4, 243;
vi. and vii., 252, 258; viii. 5-8,
259; x. 5~xi. 10, 272; xxii. 1-14,
16-25, 271 ; xxviii. 1-4, 266; xxix.
I3> 2 53; xl., 345; xlii. 1-4, 347;
liii. 3-7, 344; Iv. 12, 355; Ivi. 7,
347; Ixiv. 9, 325; Ixvi. 1,5,348,

349-

Ishbosheth and David, 106-124.
Ishmael, son of Nehemiah, 317, 321.
flees to Egypt, 323.
murders Gedaliah, 322.
Isolation of the tribes, 36.
Israel ^ Jacob, 7.

Israel and Judah, kingdoms of, 182 ff.
at Goshen, 7.
claim of, to Canaan, 4.
distinctions of the land of, 42.
end of kingdom of, 265.
remnant of kingdom of Judah,

266.

Israel under Eli and Samuel, 68-81.
under the judges, 60-67.
" King David and Ishbosh-
eth, 106-24.
under David, 125-55.
" Saul, 82-105.
" Solomon, 156-78.
" Ahab, 196-206.
" Ahaziah, 206.
" Ba'asha, 189-91.
" Elah, 191.
" Hoshea, 263.
" Jehoahaz, 221.
" Jehoash, 221 f.
Jehoram, 207.
Jehu, 211.
Jeroboam I., 182-9.
Jeroboam II., 225-43.
Menahem, 244-7.
Nadab, 189.
Omri, 192-6.
Pekah, 248.
Pekahiah, 248.
Shallum, 244.
Tibni, 192.
Zechariah, 243.
Zimri, 192.
Israelites and Egyptians, 7.

and the neighbouring nations, 53,
crossing the Jordan, 29.
exodus of, from Egypt, 17.
influenced by their pagan sur-
roundings, 51 f.



542



1NDSX.



Israelites, occupying the land of Ca-
naan, 32 ff.

victorious over Canaanites, 27.
wandering in the desert, 26 f.
Isis, 9.

Issachar, settlement of tribe of, 37.
Ittai, the Hittite, David's general,
137, 141, 144-

Jabesh-Gilead, besieged by Nahash,

89.
Jabesh-Gileadites, rescue Saul's

body, 104.
Jabin, defeated by Joshua near Lake

Merom, 37.

Jabin, the Canaanite king, 61.
Jacob zz Israel, 7.
Jael slays Sisera, 61.
Jakim. See Alcimus.
Jason appointed high priest by An-

tiochus Epiphanes, 444, 451.
son of a high priest, 435, 439.
Jebus, changed to Jerusalem, 114.
Jebusites, 3.

between Ephraim and Judah, 76.?.
made subject to David, 113.
Jeconiah zr Jehoiachin, 306.
Jeduthun, choir-leader in Gibeon,

121.

Jehoahaz, King of Israel, 221.
Jehoahaz, King of Judah, 298.
Jehoash, King of Israel, 221.
defeats Amaziah of Judah, 224.
defeats Benhadad III. of Damas-
cus, 222.
Jehoiachin zz Jeconiah Coniah,

306.

favored by Evil-Merodach, 331.
taken to Babylon by Nebuchad-
nezzar, 307.

Jehoiada, the high priest, 214.
Jehoiakim, the high priest, son of

Joshua, 360.

Jehoiakim, King of Judah, 299-306.
introduces Egyptian idolatry, 300.
persecutes the prophets, 301.
rebellion and death of, 306.
submits to Nebuchadnezzar, 306.
throws Jeremiah's scroll into the

fire, 305.
Jehoram, Ahaziah's brother, King of

Israel, 207.
at war with Hazael of Damascus,

210.

at war with Mesa of Moab, 208.
killed by Jehu, 211.
Jehoram, King of Judah and hus-
band of Athaliah, 206.



Jehoshaphat of Judah, allied with

Ahab of Israel, 206.
Jehu appointed successor to Ahab's

house, 204.

captain of JeTioram of Israel, 210.
king of Israel, 211.
loses part of Israel, 220 f.
Jephthah, the Gileadite, defeats the

Ammonites, 64.
punishes the haughty Ephraim-

ites, 65.
Jeremiah of Anathoth, the prophet,

289-329.
assists Gedaliah and encourages

the people, 319.
emigrates to Egypt, 324.
imprisoned by his enemies, 312.
imprisoned by Ishmael, 322.
imprisoned by Chaldaean soldiers,

3M-
warns Zedekiah against rebellion,

310.
Jeremiah's counsel disregarded by

Johanan, 323.
lamentations, 316.
last days, 327.
prophecies collected by Baruch,

34-

scroll read by Baruch, 304.
Jeremiah, book of, vii., vii. 12, 302,
71 ; xv. I, 72 ; xxiii. 29, 291 ; xxix.
4-8, 310; xxxi. 17-18, 266; xlvi.

15. "

Jericho conquered, 33.

fortified by Ahab, 201.
school of prophets in, 205, 234.
Jeroboam I., the Ephraimite, 174.
aided by Shishak, 184.
and Ahijah, the prophet, 175.
flees to Egypt, 176.
introduces idolatry, 186.
king of the Ten Tribes, iSoff.
resides at Shechem, 180.
Jeroboam II., King of Israel, 225-43.
Jerubbaal-Gideon routs the Midian-

ites, 62.
Jerusalem attacked by Antiochus

Epiphanes, 451.
attacked and captured by San-

ballat, 371.
besieged by Lysias, the Syrian

general, 479.
captured by Nebuchadnezzar, 307,

3".

captured by Ptolemy I., 416.
captured by Scopas, the /Etolian,

432.
captured by Shishak of Egypt, 184.



INDEX.



543



Jerusalem, centre of religious life,
119.

David's final residence, 114.

fortified by Azariah, 231.

fortified by David, 118.

fortified by Hezekiah, 270.

fortified by Nehemiah, 373.

new walls of, consecrated, 381.

ransacked by Jehoash of Israel,
225.

re-populated, 377.

return of Judasans to, 354.

return of Judas Maccabasus, 471.

visited by Ezra, 366 ff.

visited by Nehemiah, 373, 385.
Jerusalem's walls rebuilt by Simon

the Just, 421.

Jeshurun, Israel's new name, 22.
Jesus Sirach, son of Eleazar, 421,

439-
Jezebel, character of, 197.

death of, 211,

Ethbaal's daughter, married to

Ahab, 194.
pursues Elijah, 201.
Jezreel, Hosea's son, 240.
Jezreel, plain of, 44.

Saul and his army slain at, 103.
town of, Ahab's summer resi-
dence, 201 f.

Joash of Judah, early years of, 213.
killed by two nobles of Judah,

221.

proclaimed king by Jehoiada, 215.
Job, book of, 341.
Joab, son of Zeruiah, 100160.

commander of the Gibborim, TOO.
David's general, 109.
defeats and kills Absalom, 144.
defeats the Aramaeans and Am-
monites, 126.
defeats Sheba and the northern

tribes, 149.

favours Adonijah, 152.
killed by Solomon through Ben-

aiah, 160.
kills Amaza, 149.
kills Abner, in
Joel, Samuel's son, 80.
Joel, son of Pethuel, the prophet,

230, 237 ff.

book of, chapter iii. 1-2 ; 239.
Johanan, son of Joiada, the high

priest, 409.
Johanan, son of Kareah, 318, 321,

"3 > ->

emigrates to Egypt, 324.
Johanan, son of Mattathias, 489.



Johanan, son of Simon, called Hyr-

canus, 529.

Joiada, a high priest, 386, 409.
Jokthel, name given to Petra by

Amaziah of Judah, 223.
Jonadab, son of Rechab, a Nazarite,

200.

and Jehu exterminate Baal's wor-
ship, 212.

Jonah, son of Ammittai, 225.
Jonathan, eldest son of Saul, 84 103.
and David, 97 ff.
and his swordbearer attack the

Philistines at Gibeah, 87.
attacks Gibeah of Benjamin, 85.
killed by the Philistines, 103.
his remains brought to the family

tomb at Zelah, 124.
Jonathan, brother of Judas Macca-

baeus, 459, 475, 489, 493.
allies himself with Alexander

Balas, 496.

and Tryphon, 498, 501.
appointed high priest, 494.
buried at Modin, 501.
leader of the nation, 490 ff.
Jordan, Israelites crossing the, 29.
only large river in Palestine, 46.
Jose, son of Joezer, of Zereda, 436.
Jose, son of Johanan of Jerusalem,

436-
Joseph, son of Tobias, 423-31.

ambassador to Alexandria, 425.
Joshua, son of Nun, successor of

Moses, 32.
death of, 52.
defeats Jabin near Lake Merom,

37-
defeats the Canaanites at Gibeon,

34-

less active in old age, 50.
Joshua, book of, x. 12 and 13 , 3j
Joshua, the high priest, son of

Jehozedek, 351.
successful against Zerubbabe.,

359-
Joshua, the high priest, son of

Joiada, 409.
Joshua (Jesus), Sirach sings Simon's

praises, 4212.

Josiah, King of Judah, 286-97.
defeated by Necho, 297.
Passover of, 295.
reformation of Judah under, 288.
repairing the temple, 288.
Jotham and his parable, 63.
Jotham and Isaiah, the prophets,
251.



544



INDEX.



Jotham, friendship with Pekah, 249.
king of Judah, 246.
regent of Judah, 246.
Jubilee year, 393.
Judaea accounted a province of

Ccelesyria, 413-4.
added to the Lagido-Egyptian

kingdom, 418.
and Greece, 413.
depopulated, 325.
independent under Simon, 519.
invaded by the Syrians under

Cendebaeus, 528.
part of the province of Greece,



under Jonathan, 501.

under the rule of the Seleucidas,

432.

Judaea, new community in, 354.
spread of Greek customs in, 427.
three parties in, 489.
Judaean colonies in Egypt, Syria and

Gyrene, 418, 503.
exiles, number of the, 332.
sect of Samaritans, 392.
Judaeans adapt Hellenism, 435.
and Alexander the Great, 412-15.
and Samaritans, 389, 392.
and Samaritans in Alexandria, 515.
and Samaritans persecuted by

Ptolemy Physcon, 519.
at discord after Nehemiah's de-

parture, 383-4.

banished to the Caspian sea, 408.
become doubters and sceptics,

429.

deported to Babylonia, 307.
in Alexandria, 503 ff.
in Babylonia. See Exile.
in Babylonia begin the religious

reformation, 363.
in Egypt, 326. "
in the Sopheric age, 389 ff.
intermarry with neighbouring peo-

ple, 361.
of Galilee illtreated by their neigh-

bours, 474.
permitted by Cyrus to return

home, 351.
persecuted by Antiochus Epiph-

anes, 452, 464.
remaining in Babylonia support

their returning brethren, 354.
return from other countries, 356.
revolt against the Ptolemies, 423.
under Artaxerxes II. and III., 407.
under the Maccabees, 442 ff.
under the Ptolemies, 420.



Judah, tribe of, 38 f.

and Benjamin the last to invite

David to return, 146.
and Simeon assist their brethren

under Samuel, 76.
elects David as king, 107.
religion in, 188.
Simeon and Benjamin faithful to

Kehoboam, 182.
starts the revolt against David in

favor of Absalom, 139.
Judah, kingdom of.

and Egyptian idolatry, 300.
end of, 298-316.
subject to Egypt, 298.
under Abijam, 189.

Ahaz, 257-66.

Amaziah, 222.

Ahaziah, 21 1.

Amon, 285.

Asa, 189.

Athaliah, 213.

Azariah (Uzziah), 226-48.

David, 109.



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