Henri Pène du Bois.

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box to see " L'Ambassadrice. "

396 AUGIER (Guillaume Victor Emile, French dramatic poet,

Commander of the Legion of Honor and Member of the "Aca-
demic Fran^aise " and of the Institute). A. L. S., i p.,
8vo.

Emile Augier, by an imperial decree of July 27, 1870, was made a Senator
of France — "pour services rendus par ses productions litteraires. "

397 AUGIER. Another. A. L. S., i p., minimo.

Augier returns a domino with his thanks and a "pour boire'' for the
" garfons."

398 BARRY {^., French officer on the staff of General Gardanne).

A. L. S., 2 pp., 4to, dated " 13 Floreal Pan 70 de la R.
Fran^aise.''

399 BECCHI (Fraltuoso, Secretary of the Academy of Gasea).

A. L. S., 2 pp., 4to, dated "Florence, August 12th, 1838."

400 BERANGER (Jean Pierre A&, the great French poet). A.

L. S., I p., 8vo.

Interesting letter from Beranger to M. Blaize, nephew of Lammenais.

401 B^JLAT {Yr€di€nc, French poet and ballad writer). A. L. S.,

I p., 8vo.

Letter to the editor of " L'Artiste."

402 BERLIOZ (Louis Hector, French musical composer, critic

and author). A. L. S., i p., 8vo.

>{ote to — " Mon Cher Seligman."



THE PENE r> U BOIS COLLECTION. 121



INTERESTING LETTER OF CARDINAL DE BERNIS.

403 BERNIS (Francois Joachim de Pierres de, Cardinal, poet,

Minister to Louis XV., and French Ambassador). A. L. S.,
I p., small folio, dated — "a Albano ce 17 Octobre 1787."

EXTREMELY RARE and interesting, being a letter to M. de Latour,
President of the Parliament of Provence and Intendant of that province at Aix.
Cardinal de Bernis, whose fame as a poet has reached our days, does not exhibit
much romance in this document. He instructs M. de Latour, on behalf of the
Pope and the Cardinal Secretary, to have arrested Count Carrati and Anne Mar-
chioness Massa, who have eloped from Bologna and embarked at Leghorn for
Marseilles.

Cardinal de Bernis, one of the most remarkable men of the reign of Louis
the Fifteenth, owed his dignities to the friendship of Madame de Pompadour,
whose dimples he had flattered in his " Petits Trous": —
" Ainsi qu' Hebe, la jeune Pompadour
A deux jolis trous sur la joue;
Deux trous charmants ou le plaisir se joue,
Qui furent f aits par la main de I'Amour. "

For these and other erotic verses the King's mistress had him made a Cardi-
nal, Ambassador to Venice, Minister of Foreign Affairs, etc. In his early
days his Eminence was the boon companion of Voltaire, Buffon and Fontenelle,
as well as the intimate of Madame Dupin and the Princess de Rohan. Mar-
montel says of de Bernis — " bien joufflu, bien frais, bieij poupin, en compagnie
du gentil Bernard, il amusa de ses jolis vers les joyeux soupers de Paris. "

404 BoissANVEUR (Captain in the French Navy). A. L. S., 2 pp.,

4to, dated — " Brest, le 27 Vendemiaire, I'an 11 de laRepub-
lique Fran9aise une at indivisible."

Rare. This interesting souvenir of the First French Republic is written on
paper headed " Liberte, Egalite — Le Capitainexde Vaisseau chef de Mouvement
du Port," and to the " Contre Amiral chef militaire de le Marine."

405 BOURBON (Louis Auguste de, Count of Toulouse, Admiral

of France, etc.). Document signed and dated — "Paris, le
22 Mars, 1 72 1." I p., folio.

Rare. This is an order to pay 11,000 livres for naval expenses. It is
signed by the Count of Toulouse, the bastard son of Louis the Fourteenth, by
his mistress Madame de Montespan. He was bom 1678, and died 1737, leav-
ing a son, the Duke, of Penthi^vre, who, by his wife, Mary of Modena, had
two children, I. — Prince de Lamballe, whose wife, Louisa of Savoy, was mur-
dered by the Revolutionists in 1792, and IL — Louisa of Bourbon, the wife of
" Egalite," Duke of Orleans, guillotined in 1793, and the father of King Louis
Philippe.

406 BOURGOING (Jean Frangois de. Baron, diplomat and

author). Autograph Memorandum signed, i p. and dated
— "Leipzig, May 31, 1809."

Rare. Baron de Bourgoing was born at Nevers in 1748, served early in
the French army, and successively acted as Secretary of Legation, and lastly as
Ambassador at various courts. He died while Envoy at Dresden, in 18 11. His
principal works are — " The Picture of Modem Spain," and "Historical and
Philosophical Memoirs of Pius VI."



122 THE PENE DU BOIS COLLECTION.

407 BRIBES (Vincent, Adjutant- General in the French Repub-

lican Army). A. L. S., 3 pp., small folio, dated— "an

8me de la Republique." _ \

Rare. An interesting official letter written to the General of Division Gard-

anne, one of the principal commanders of the army of the First French

Republic. The paper has a printed heading with a vignette of the " Goddess

of Liberty."

408 CAPEFIGUE (Jean Baptiste Honors Raymond, French

historian and publicist'). A. L. S., i p., 8vo.
Interesting LEtxER, respecting communications to the " Figaro.'' By one
of the most prolific and eminent authors of France in the nineteenth century.
He was born in 1802, and died 1872. His most charming works are his lives of
Madame Pompadour, the Countess du Barry, Mdlle. de la Valliere, Madame de
Montespan and others of the same genre.

409 CARAFA DE COLOBRANO (M. H. F. A. V. P.,

musical composer, born, 1785; died, 1872). A. L. S., i p.,

small 8vo. 1835.
The celebrated musician, Caraf a, is best known to us in these days by his
" Massaniello," an opera as remarkable for the popularity of its melodies, as for
its instrumentation. In early life, Carafa was a soldier and was decorated by
Murat with the Legion of Honor. At the tim^ of his death he was a member
of the French Institute and of the Academie des Beaux-Arts.

MOST INTERESTING STATE DOCUMENT RELATIVE TO
THE FRIENDLY RELATIONS OF THE GREAT NAPO-
LEON WITH THE U.S.— A LETTER FROM THE DUKE
OF VICENZA.

410 CAULAINCOURT (Armand A. L., Duke of Vicenza, aid-

de-camp to Napoleon, statesman and diplomat). L. S., i p.,

small folio, dated — "Paris, April loth, 1815."

Deeply interesting. This is a letter sent by the celebrated Duke of

Vicenza during the ' ' Hundred Days " while Minister of Foreign Affairs to William

Harris Crawford, the U. S. Minister to France, enclosing a personal letter from

the Emperor Napoleon to the President of the U. S., informing him of his

■ return from Elba and desiring a continuance of the friendly relations which had

existed between France and this country.

411 " CHAM " (i. e.. Count Amed^ de N06, French caricaturist ).

A. L. S., I p., 8vo.

Signed " Cham," and over the signature is the line " Je vous einbrasse sur le
front." This is a note addressed to Charles Francois Marchal, the artist and
pupil of Francois du Bois. Cham on the superscription calls this unfortunate
painter, who committed suicide on account of loss of eyesight, ." notre peintre. "
" Cham " took his pseudonym from the fact that his father, the Count de Noe,
cursed him on account of his desire to become an artist. ' ' Cham " is the French
for " Ham," the son of " Noe."

412 CHARDIN (Jean Baptiste Simeon, \%th century French

artist). Sepia sketch. 4to and signed;

As Mr. Pene du Bois purchased this from the Alfred Bovet collection of auto-
graphs, it is placed, although a drawing, in this division. It represents a savant
seated before a desk on which he is writing — in front of him is a globe, picture
and other objects. On the floor is a coffer signed " Chardin."

This artist has been compared by his countrymen to Gabriel Metzu. He was
a member of the Royal Academy at Paris and one of the portrait painters to the
King.



THE, PENE D U BOIS COLLECTION. 123

413 CHERUBINI (L. C. Z. A., composer and founder of the

French Conservatory of Music). Document signed, r p.,
8vo, dated — "Paris, Dec. 20, 1827."

This is a certificate given by the great composer to L. J. Morin and is signed
and stamped by Cherubini as the Director of the "I'Ecole Royale de Musique
et de Declamation. " When Beethoven heard the composer's opera of ' ' Faniska "
he said that Cherubini was the first dramatic composer |Of his time, and Haydn
embraced him and called him his son. He was for twenty years the principal of
the Conservatory of Music, had been connected with that institution for forty-
eight years and was the instructor of thousands of eminent musicians.

414 CHOISEUL (Due de. Major- General of the National Guard

of Palis and diplomat). L. S., i p., 4to, dated — "May
6th, 1820."

This is a confidential letter from the Duke to the Baron de Monville, Colonel
of the loth Legion, headed " pour vous seul " and requesting, him in view of
possible revolutionary trouble, to pay the most scrupulous attention to everything
said and done in his legion. It is in fact a letter in which one nobleman asks
another to act as a " mouchard."

415 CLERMONT TONNERRE {Duke, Minister of War and

General). Document, 2 pp., small folio, and dated —
" Paris, April 20, 1822."

This document, with printed head of the " Etat Major-General Garde Na-
tionale de Paris, " is signed by the Duke as Major-General and is addressed to
the Count de Vaulgrennaud, Colonel of the loth Legion.

416 COPPEE (Francois Edouard Joachim, French litterateur and

archivist of the Comedie Fran(aise). A. L. S , i p., 8vo.

This note, entirely in the handwriting of this distinguished poet and drama-
tist, is a recommendation of Mile. Maria Barthelemy as an aspirant for his-
trionic honors.

417 CORMENIN (L. M. De la Haye, Viscount and French pub-

licist). A. L. S., I p., 8vo.
Signed. This is an interesting letter from Viscount de Cormenin, who died
in 1868, to Villemain, the celebrated historian.

418 COROT (Jean Baptiste Camille, painter and officer of the

Legion of Honor). A. L. S., i p., minimo.
A brief note to Petit, the Parisian art connoisseur, and entirely in the hand-
writing of the great French artist of whom Jarves wrote: — "Corot stands
apart. Critics call him a master."

419 COURCELLES (J. B. P. J., Chevalier de, historiographer

and genealogist). L. S., i p., 8vo, dated — " March 2Sth,
1822."
The Chevalier de Courcelles was the director of the "Bureau General de la
Noblesse de France." Originally a notary, he started in the genealogical busi-
ness by purchasing the heraldic cabinet of Viton de Saint AUais. He v/rote
nearly thirty volumes of genealogy. Those on the ancient nobility of France
have always been deemed authoritative.

420 COUTURE (Thomas, historical painter and author of the

"■ Romains de la Decadence "). A. L. S., 2 pp., 8vo; also a
pen sketch made by Couture in 1846 representing a



124 THE PENE DU BO IS COLLECTION.

"gavroche"; also etched portrait of Couture made oy
Leon La Roche in 1847. (3 pieces)

Very interesting, and from the Alfred Bovet Collection. The sketch of
the Paris gamin made by this artist is signed by G. G. Chardin, his brother
painter, who writes above his name that it was made by Couture, at his house,
in 1846. The letter of Couture is very curious. He requests a general high
in the service of the Emperor Napoleon HI. to repudiate on his behalf to his
Majesty an abominable forgery which had appeared in the "Figaro." He
always wishes to remain in the service of the Emperor, and has no time to
lose in hunting down literary rascalities, and to give the lie to calumnies.

421 CUVIER (G. L. C. F. D., the great French naturalist). A.

L. S , I p., 4to.

This is a letter of Baron Cuvier, one of the most celebrated members of the
French Academy, written by him as temporary director of the Museum of
Natural History, to the almost equally eminent naturalist, Lacepede, in which
the writer expresses his regret at a letter of resignation. After the death of the
last named, in 1825, Cuvier pronounced the eulogy on him.

422 DAUMIER (Honor6, French caricaturist). A. L. S. in

pencil, 2 pp., 4to; also grotesque caricature of gentle-
man taking off his hat most politely to a lady, and thus
exposing the baldness of his cranium. (2)

Daumier, one of the oldest artistic contributors to the " Charivari," died in
1879, after his humorous sketches of a radical political character had been
renewed after an interval of nearly twenty years, caused by the hostility to him
of the "'man of Sedan." He ranks in French caricature alone with Gavami
and Cham. The back of the sketch described above is covered with MS., and
his autograph letter is vmtten on matters artistic to his brother artist, Jeanron.

423 DE LA CROIX (F. V. Eugene, painter. Member of the

Institute and Cemmander of the Legion of Honor), i p.,
4to. ^

Most rare. This valuable piece was purchased, like the preceding number,
by Mr. Bene du Bois at the sale of the Alfret Bovet Collection. It had been
previously bought by its former owner at the sale made after the death of
Eugene De la Croix. It is partly autographic and partly aquarelle. The
MS. consists of memoranda relating to the male and female figures and archi-
tectural studies made by the artist at Tangiers during his celebrated voyage to
Morocco in 1832. The sketches are colored. At the Oppenheim sale, Paris,
in 1877, the Duke D'Aumale paid for his " Two Foscari " seventy thousand five
hundred francs.

" That which makes De la Croix the greatest artist of the nineteenth century,
and perhaps the last of the grand family, is that he unites all the faculties of
the painter, the poet and the historian by an innate power and a profound
knowledge." — Sylvestre.

424 DE LA ROCHE (Hippolyte, called'2z.u\ artist, member of

the Institute, officer of the Legion of Honor and professor
of painting at the " Ecole des Beau- Arts). A. L. S , i p.,
minimo.

This is a note from Paul De la Roche to the celebrated French physician and
author, Trosseau, in which he asks him to come as quickly as possible to his
house as — "one of my children is suffering."

At the San Donato sale De la Roche's painting of Lady Jane Grey sold for
onehundred and ten thousand francs, and at the Delessert sale in 1869 his St.
Cecilia brought .^840, nearly one hundred and seventy thousand francs.



THE PENE DU BOIS COLLECTION. 125

425 DORE (Gustave, French painter and Chevalier of the Legion

of Honor). A. L. S., i p., 8vo, and dated — " February 27,

1873-"
Interesting, and relates to the editions of a work illustrated by him.

426 DROZ (Antoine Gustave, French litterateur'). A. L. S.,

2 pp., minimo, dated — "Dec. 30, 1871,''
Droz will be ever remembered by his first work, entitled — " Monsieur, Madame
et Bebe."

427 DUMAS (Alexander pfere, novelist and dramatist). A. L. S.,

I p., 8vo.

This is a billet doux of the greatest writer of fiction, in which he makes an
assignation with his ' ' dear Marie, " at three o'clock in the afternoon, if she has
nothing to do, and wishes to "causer" with her. He ends the note with
"mille tendresses.^ A. Dumas." Evidently showing that the author of " Monte
Cristo" had as little fear of being compromised as years after, when he had his
photograph taken with Ada Isaacs Menken in an almost nude condition.

428 DUMAS (Alexander fils, novelist and dramatist) A. L. S.,

I p., 8vo.
A note from the author of the " Lady of the Camelias " to an acquaintance
asking him not to call until three or four o'clock, as he always works until
then.

429 DUMAS, THE Younger. A. L. S., i p., 8vo.

Very characteristic. The writer desires a friend to delay a visit, as he
has to take an emetic.

430 DUMOULIN (Charles, General of the first French Re-

public). Document signed and dated at Caen — " I'an VIII.

de la Republique Francaise, une et indivisible." 2 pp.,

small folio.
This document, which is signed by Dumoulin as General of Brigade, relates
to the sum of thirty- four thousand " livres " imposed upon the southern cantons
of the Department of La Manche.

431 FOUCQUET (Charles Louis Auguste, Duke of Belle Isle,

Marshal of France and Minister of Louis the Fifteenth).

L. S., I p., 4to, dated—" Metz, 1738."
The Duke of Belle Isle, one of the greatest statesmen and generals that
France has produced, was born in 1684, and died in 1761. He distinguished
himself in the war of the Spanish Succession, became Lieutenant-General in
1732, took part in the siege of Philipsburg, and procured the cession of Lor-
raine to France. Created Marshal of France about 1740, he commanded in
Germany against the Imperialists, took Prague, was sent as Ambassador to the
Diet at Frankfort, and procured the election of Charles VII. Being taken by
the English, he was brought to England, where he was confined some months.
He was afterwards created duke and peer, admitted to the French Academy,
and made Minister of War in 1757.

Vide—" History of the Belle Isle," No. 371 in the previous division of this
catalogue.

432 GARDANNE (Stanislas, General in the army of the First

French Republic). A. L. S., 2 pp., 4to, and dated—" 22
Brumaire An 8," letter of 3 pp.,4to, dated "February 28,



126 THE PENE DU BOIS COLLECTION.

1814," from the brother of Gen. Gardanne to his
widow; document, 3 pp., small folio, signed with numerous
signatures, sealed and dated—" An huit," from the muni-
cipality of Cresson to General Gardanne; document
signed, 2 pp., small folio, from the Prefect of the Depart-
ment of Var to the Minister of War in relation to the
claims of Captain Gardanne for promotion; document
with four signatures of ofificers and seal of 8ist Regiment
of the Army of Italy in reference to Captain Gardanne,
dated Padua, June 7th, 1808. (S pieces)

433 GEROME (Jean Leon, French artist. Member of the French

Institute, officer of the Legion of Honor, grand medallist,
etc). A. L. S., I p., 8vo, dated—" Oct. 6th, 1868."

This is a letter from the great painter Gerome to a friend, expressing his
sorrow at the death of Monsieur Lefevre.

434 GOUNOD (Charles Francois, musical composer and Member

of the French Institute). A. L. S., i p., 8vo, dated—" Oct.
10, 1879."
Gounod will have an immortal fame as the composer of " Faust."

435 GROS (Antoine Jean, Baron, historical painter). Origi-

nal PEN-AND-INK design, with his signature and four-
teen autographic lines, oblong 4to.

Purchased by Mr. Pene du Bois from the Bovet collection.

This design represents a man seated and digging his nails into his chest — he
has a remorseful expression. Baron Gros explains his subject in reproducing a
passage from Mirabeau, in which the great orator describes the remorse which
assailed both Oliver Cromwell and Clive, the founder of the British Empire in
India.

436 GUIZOT (F. p. G., statesman, historian, etc.). A. L. S.,

I p., 8vo.
This letter from Guizot requests that an office-seeker of the name of Gustave
de Castillon shall be sent as a courier to Russia. The historian informs his
correspondent, whom he styles Monsieur le Marquis, that the Duke de Monte-
bello has promised that his friend shall have the desired position.

437 GUIZOT. Another, from the same, i p., 8vo, and dated

from — " the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

438 HALEVY (F., musical composer). A. L. S., 2 pp., 8vo,

dated — " February 19, 1849."

Interesting letter, by one of the greatest composers of France, relative to
matters theatrical, by the uncle of the celebrated dramatic author Ludovic
Halevy, and brother of the French litterateur Leon Halevy.

439 HENRIOT (Francois, French revolutionist and commander

of the Revolutionary Guard of Paris). Document signed
" le Commandant Gal., Henriot,'' i p., 4to.

Deeply interesting document, in which the audacious and infamous Hen-
riot orders the " Citizen Montalant " to be confined in a secret cell at the prison
de I'Abbaye. Henriot was military commander of Paris during the Reign of



THE PENE DU BOIS COLLECTION. 127



Terror. At the time of the breaking out of the Revolution he was a convicted
felon. In the terrible scenes of August and September, 1792, he headed the
Sans Culottes. The triumph of Marat made him Generalissimo of the National
Guard. On the occasion of the arrest of Robespierre by Barras he was hurled
half drunk out of a window at the Hotel de Ville and was executed the day fol-
lowing along with Robespierre.

SPLENDID SIGNATURE OF KING HENRY THE FOURTH
TO A MOST DEEPLY INTERESTING LETTER OF HIS-
TORICAL IMPORTANCE.

440 HENRI IV. (King of France and Navarre). L. S., i p.,

folio, and dated — " Tours, March 26th, 1589."

Most rare . This is a relic of the hero of Ivry and is of the deepest interest.
It is a letter written by Henri, then King of Navarre, to the Count of Vireville,
requesting him to devote all his attention to counteracting the plots of the con-
spirators who have threatened his life. In view of the assassination of Henry
IV. by Ravaillac a few years later, this letter is of great importance. It was
written in the year of Henry of Navarre's accession to the throne of France and
previous to the assassination of his brother-in-law and predecessor, Henry III.

Henry the Great and the Good, as the lower orders of France up to the time
of the Revolution used to call him, was full of excellent qualities, but —
' ' Inordinate love of women was his worst fault, the cause of much evil in his
own and succeeding reigns, for his prodigaHty and weak indulgence to his
favorite mistresses, Gabrielle d'Estrees and Henrietta d'Entragues, and his affec-
tion for his natural children, which they bore him, were a scandal to the nation
and a source of impoverishing embarrassment to the Government."

441 HERCAULT (Pons de 1', French deputy, 1837). A. L. S.,

2 pp., 8vo.

The tenor of this statesman's note is — ' ' that God proposes but woman
disposes."

442 HUGO (Victor, author). A. L. S., i p., 4to, dated — " Paris,

July 19, 1849."

A letter from the author of " Les Miserables " to the Duke de Sotemayor,
Ambassador of Spain, in which he thanks that noble for services rendered in
connection with Louis Bastida.

443 HUMBOLDT (Alexander Von, author and scientist). A.

L. S., 2 pp., 4to, dated — "Berlin, March 4th, 1844."

Addressed to Monsieur Frederic Lacroix, Paris. Written in French, full of
matters geographical and in which Humboldt calls himself an almost antedilu-
vian traveler.

444 HUMBOLDT. A. L. S., 3 pp., minimo. A French letter

of a personal and social nature.

445 JACOB (Count, Admiral of the French navy, born 1768,

died 1854). Document signed by the officers of the
frigate " Bellona," and Count Jacob as Captain, and
dated — " an 6 de la republique." 2 pp., folio.

446 JACQUE (Charles Emile, painter and etcher). A. L. S.,

I p., 8vo.
Very interesting autograph letter and somewhat curious. Jacque writes
to a picture dealer and asks him in true Bohemian phraseology to let him have
four hundred francs. At the bottom of the note is a sketch in which the artist
depicts himself with sabots, surrounded by chickens and holding out his hand for
the four hundred francs, which the dealer is trying not to find in his vest pocket.



128 THE PENEDU BOIS COLLECTION.



447 JANIN (Jules Gabriel, French critic and author'). A. L. S.,

I p., 8vo, dated April s, 1859.
Jules Janin writes to Amyot that Gerome wishes to borrow certain daguerreo-
types. Amyot endorses the letter by writing to M. Leblanche, asking him to
oblige the celebrated artist.

448 JANIN. A. L. S., 2 pp., 8vo.

A letter to an intimate friend on matters domestic and social.

449 JOLY (Francois). Document signed and relating to pecu-

niary and other transactions between the Joly, Dubois
and Garnier families in the year 1666. i p., small folio.

450 Lahrbush (Friedrich, captain). A. L. S., i p., 8vo.

The writer was famous on account of having died at the age of II I years and
25 days.

451 LAMARTINE (Alphonse M. L. P. De, President of the

Second French Republic, poet, etc.). A. L. S., 2 pp., small
folio, dated — "Florence, May 20, 1827."

In this letter, addressed to the Marquis Clermont -Tonnerre, Minisf* of War,
Lamartine, in his official capacity as Charge-d' -affaires in Tuscany, requests the
services of the Minister on behalf of Count Bentivoglio, a former officer under
Napoleon, who desires to return to the French army.

452 LAMARTINE. A. L. S., i p., 8vo.

Lamartine requests his friend Poujoulat, the distinguished French litterateur,
to have inserted in his journal an account of an oration which he has to pro-
nounce at the Hotel de Ville.

453 LAMARTINE. A. L. S., i p., 8vo [March 13, 1839].

A note from the poet to the Countess de Girardin relative to his having broken
an engagement in order to attend her reception. Stamped in the corner with
Lamartine's initials and coronet.

454 LAMENNAIS(Felicite Robert dej/f^/^mcffl/flz^/y^^;;-). A. L. S.,

I p., 8vo, dated — " July 31, 1841."

The Abbe Lamennais, who, it is asserted, became a heretic because Leo XII.



Online LibraryHenri Pène du BoisThe library and art collection of Henry de Pène du Bois, of New York → online text (page 18 of 55)