Henry A Giroux.

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land, then offered the following reso-
tion, which was adopted :

Resolved, That the American In-
stitute look with pleasure and ap-
proval upon the organization of the
Southern Homoeopathic Medical As-
sociation, as auxiliary to this body,
and heartily extend to that organiza-
tion the right hand of fellowship and
God speed in her work in the South.

Dr. Runnells, of Indianapolis, sec-
otided the resolution and spoke to
the question, calling upon Drs. Orme,
of Atlanta, and Dake, of Nashville,
who agreed to the spirit of the report
given by Dr. Fisher as to the charac-
ter and success of the New Orleans
meeting, and predicted for the new
Southern Association a creditable
future.

Dr. Eaton, of Cincinnati, who has
traveled extensively through the



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South, and who spends his winters in
Florida, spoke in the same spirit, and
favored the adoption of the resolu-
tion offered by Dr. Sanders, which
was done with applause.

Dr. Edmonds, of St. Louis, gave
an account of the new children's
hospital in this city, which he said
would accommodate sixty patients
and would be entirely free from sec-
tarian control or influences.

Dr. Talbot, of Massachusetts, re-
cited the history of the Massachusetts
Homoeopathic Society, established in
1840. He thought State societies
should have more thorough organiza-
tion, and should keep more accurate
statistics of homoeopathic affairs in
their respective States.

A good word was spoken in behalf
of the Boston Gynaecological Society
by Dr. Bennett, of Massachusetts.

The delegates from the various
State societies reported, giving statis-
tics, progress and amount of work
done by their respective bodies. All
the reports were favorable, showing
the continued prosperity of the pro-
fession at large.

AFTERNOON SESSION.

The Bureau of Clinical Medicine,
of which Asa S. Couch, of Fredonia,
N. Y., was chairman, presented its
report on " Blood Changes," through
J. S. Mitchell, of Chicago. He then
read a paper on Leucocythsemia and
Hodgkin's Disease, in which he said :

That these diseases involving blood
changes, though rare, were of great
interest. Had encountered 4 cases
leucocythaemia, i of Hodgkin's dis-
ease, 2 of Addison's disease, and 3 of
Graves' disease. Had never seen
pernicious anaemia or myxoedema.
He regarded them as mutually re-
lated. In support of this view he
cited a case of Addison's disease in
the Cook Co. Hospital, that had the
peculiar gelatinoid glandular enlarge-
ments of Hodgkin's disease. Atten-
tion was also called to the nervous
weakness and disposition to emacia-
tion common to them, sooner or later.
He regarded them as manifestations



of tuberculosis The history of three
cases of leucocythaemia was given.
One case was very marked and was
associated with jaundice, which is
rare, occurring in only four of the
older cases reported. Diarrhoea and
dropsy were prominent symptoms in
this instance. Arsenicum 6x relieved
these latter symptoms ; when they
were better the icterus partly dis-
appeared. Reports of cases seemed
to show that pernicious anaemia and
Hodgkin's disease were mor« amen-
able to treatment than leucocy-
thaemia. He quoted from old-school
authorities to show that Fowler's
solution in four drop doses, and the
same amount injected into the glands
was curative. He regarded arseni-
cum as indicated by the prostration,
oedema, dry skin, etc., and the study
of calcarea, iodine, phosphorus, and
china was suggested. Galvanization
was said to reduce the size of the
spleen. Splenotomy was contra-in-
dicated. Felt that further trial of
remedies according to the law of
homoeopathy would aid us in lifting
these diseases from the fatal list.

Dr. J. D. Buck, of Cincinnati,
thought that there was not sufficient
attention paid to the histology and
pathology of these conditions. He
spoke of malnutrition as a beginning
of some cases, which if recognized
through an accurate knowledge of the
physiological and pathological condi-
tions, might then be arrested.

Dr. H. C. Allen objected strongly
to arsenicum in anaemia. Said that
it is impossible to match a remedy to
a name.

Dr. A. R. Wright had several cases
in which change of air, scenery, etc.,
had been of more benefit than any
thing else.

Dr. Wm. Owens thought that these
conditions should be regarded as
symptomatic ; they could generally
be traced ba^rk to sonae long inherent
cause — possibly inherited. He recom-
mended scilla.

Dr. C. Walton gave an account of
autopsy, where death had ensued
from pernicious anaemia. He found



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1885.] AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF HOMCEOPATHY. 191



the liver, kidneys, spleen, all affected,
cystic duct was obstructed, but the
lungs were normal. The patient
under old school treatment had taken
Fowler's Solution, and arsenic in va-
rious shapes.

After the report of Dr. H. C.
Allen, Chairman Bureau of Educa-
tion, the President spoke of the great
interest taken in homoeopathy by the
Brahmins of India ; one of their
number was now being educated in
this country. At five o'clock the In-
stitute took a recess until 8 p.m.

EVENING SESSION.

The Bureau of Obstetrics present-
ed as a subject for discussion. Dys-
tocia.

Dr. L. S. Ordway, the chairman,
claimed that the increase of dystocia
is due to a great extent to the artifi-
cial life, or the artificial aids the
women of to-day employ. He refer-
red to the dissipations of our modern
society belle, the methods she resorts
to in order to please. All these
tended toward the production of the
abnormalities and malformations
which were the immediate cause of
dystocia. It is generally due to the
violation of the laws of nature (trau-
matism excepted). In discussing the
causes, he also gave the anatomical
changes that took place in all the
organs and tissues within the pelvis,
all of which interfered with natural
labor. As to treatment, he claimed
that every case can be benefited by
medication. Advocated a generous
diet, watching the action of the
bowels and liver. Use hip baths and
water in various ways. Olive oil on
abdomen as a rubefacient. The
remedies mentioned were black
cohosh, apis, apocynum, caulophyl-
lum, cimicifuga race, five or six
drops daily, ergot, if at all, thirty to
sixty drops at a dose.

J. N. Mitchell, of Philadelphia,
read a paper on mechanical assist-
ance and local application to relieve
dystocia in the first stage.

The causes of dystocia he stated
to be :



1. Organic disease of the cervix,
such as hypertrophy, occlusion from
false membranes, fibroid tumors,
ovarian tumors and cancers.

2. Closure of the cervix from cic-
atricial atresia.

3. Firm adhesions of the mem-
brane to the walls of the uterus
around the os internum, interfering
with the stretching of the lower seg-
ment of the uterus.

4. Overdistension of the uterus
from excess of amniotic fluid.

5. Defective, short, cramp-like
pains.

6. Premature rupture of the bag of
waters.

7. Thickening of the os fron^
oedema.

8. Spastic annular contraction.

9. By the cervix not being in the
line of the extension.

TO. Contraction of the pelvis at *he
brim or presentation of some part
which does not produce equal pres
sure.

1 1. An overloaded condition of the
rectum or bladder.

Proper diagnosis is evidently the
first essential ; the old-time notion
that a protracted labor is not harm-
ful to the mother or child is not borne
out by recent investigation and sta-
tistics ; when usual delay occurs tem-
porizing methods may be followed,
such as the use of internal remedies ;
even the use of opium in cases of
excessive nerve pain ; but when the os
has dilated to a considerable extent,
or the waters have broken and have
been completly discharged, such tem-
porizing methods are not allowable,
and the case calls for immediate and
prompt relief.

The statistics of pelvic dystocia
were furnished by Geo. B. Peck, of
Providence. Of the causes of
dystocia diminution of conjugate
diameter and rigid os are most fre-
quent. Forceps gave relief most fre-
quently. Version is particularly dis-
astrous. Of the various operations
for relief use first, forceps if possible,
second, craniotomy, third, Caesarian
section.



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Placenta previa was the title of
a paper by C. G. Higbee, of St. Paul.
After discussing the subject briefly,
he gave his experience with the Far-
adic current to control the bleeding.
Pass the hand in using it as a tam-
pon, dilate the os if possible, pass
the electrode over the fundus of uter-
us at intervals. After waters are
removed use forceps. He cited two
cases of manual version. Dr. Higbee
does not use ergot.

Dr. J. C Sanders gave a thorough
description of the different growths in
the uterine cavity and their relations
to the subject under discussion.

Dr. Grosvenor argued that the
points made in *the paper were good
ones. He thought that the mental
condition of the mother previous to
confinement was of the utmost import-
ance. She should be familiarized
with the idea of undergoing this or-
deal ; lead her to take an interest in
preparing clothing and for the recep-
tion of the little one. Dr. Owen
cited a case of placenta previa ; the
membranes had been ruptured only
partially and the water had escaped
slowly. Pains did not come on till
third day.

Dr. D. Pemberton indorsed cimici-
fuga race, in cases dystocia due to
rigidity of the os.

Dr. Edmonds objected strongly to
giving a wonian medicine just because
she was pregnant — it was not an ab-
normal condition.

Dr. Brown, after giving two very
interesting cases of placenta previa,
appealed to the members for some
decided plan of treatment for these
terrible cases, and which should be
indorsed by the physicians experienced
in this practice.

Dr. Phil. Porter protested against
the use of thirty to sixty drops of
ergot, and thought it should not be
published to the world that a homoeo-
pathist recommended such a dose.
He also objected to the tapping of
ovarian cysts, unless life depended on
it.

Dr. W. E. Green said that he had
very frequently used cimicifuga to



arrest labor and always with success.
Thought it superior to caulophyllum.

Mrs. Dr. Smith said she had been
reading of the methods employed
by the primitive people and she found
that they suffered from dystocia as
much as our modern society women
do. She thought that it was a mis-
take to charge so many evils to tight
lacing. She had as natural labors
in cases where she had taken the cor-
set off the patient as in those who
wore their clothing suspended from
the hips.

Dr. Buck recommended Sitz bath,
and gave his experience, showing how
successfully they could be used.

The papers of this bureau were
thoughtful and well considered, and
the discussion which they elicited
very interesting and profitable.

Dr. Paine, of New York, jead a
paper presenting many facts of im-
portance to the institute upon the
question of medical legislation. This
subject elicited much discussion, and
was referred to a committee, consist-
ing of Drs. Dudley, Clark, Fisher
and Lungren, to report on Thursday
morning, after which the association
adjourned for the day.

SECOND DAY.

The second day's session began at
IDA. M., with Vice-President Go wper-
thwaite in the chair, and over four
hundred members present. The
daily papers of St. Louis spoke en-
thusiasrically of the marked ability
and intelligence exhibited in the con-
vention.

The report of the Auditing Com-
mittee was approved.

Drs. Talbot, of Boston, Norton, of
New York, and Allen of Ann Arbor,
were appointed a committee to pre-
pare a suitable memorial in honor of
Dr. E. M. Kellogg, Treasurer.

Upon motion of Dr. Peck, of
Providence, R. I., the bureau of ob-
stetrics was reopened, and the im-
portant question of craniotomy vs.
Csesarian section was taken up.

Dr. Lungren, of Toledo, spoke at
some length, showing statistics in fa-
vor of the operation known as Cassa-



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AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF HOMGEOFATHY,



193



Tian section, as better for the mother
by 20 per cent and for the child by 95
per cent over that of craniotomy.
Forty per cent of American Caesarian
sections have resulted in recovery.
Dr. Lungren, from personal experi-
ence, spoke emphatically of the ad-
vantages of this method, and gave
-clinical reports of several cases of his
own, all of which proved success-
ful.

The committee on the President's
address reported approving of the ad-
dress as a whole, speaking particular-
•ly, however, of the question of dyna-
mization, upon which the committee
was divided, Dr. Clark, of Massachu-
setts approving the appointment of a
'Committee to experiment upon the
pathogenetic effects of drugs in atten-
uations, and Drs. Butler and Sher-
man favoring the division of the sub-
ject into the pharmaceutical and the
pathogenetic phases of it. Drs. Clark,
Butler, Sherman, Drake, Fisher, Dud-
ley, Allen, of New York, Allen, of
Ann Arbor, and Owens, spoke to the
resolution, which was referred to the
Bureau of Drug Provings.

The Bureau of Microscopy had for
its subject of study this year, " Bac-
teria in its relation to Disease." In-
-stead of presenting individual papers,
they offered through A. R. Wright, of
Buffalo, a digestif the literature of
Bacteriology for the past year, pre-
pared by the Secretary of the Bureau.
The following were some of the
prominent points noted, which were
mostly from literature not published
in English :

1. Results of investigation on
Koch's tubercle bacillus, how pro-
pagated, and the infection of healthy
subjects through the dry sputa of
tuberculous phthisis. Proves the
tubercle bacillus and said infection.
How to disinfect.

2. The etiology of suppuration
and the minimum quantity of an an-
tiseptic required to arrest the devel-
opment of bacteria. Puts chlorine
better than mer. sub. cor.

3. On fumigation of infected
dothmg with chlorine and bromine.



Chlorine best, but none sure to kill
bacteria.

4. On the development of an-
thrax bacillus, its culture and Pas*
teur's vaccination. Pasteur work in-
dorsed, but vaccination not a sure
protection.

Highly complimentary remarks
were made by Dr. Dake, of Nash-
ville, and Dr. Allen, of New York, as
to the eminent authorship and highly
scientific character of the papers pre-
sented. Dr. Allen spoke of the ex-
pectant plan in the management of
zymotic diseases, as superior by far
to the allopathic plan of treatment,
which is, according to recent investi-
gations, and reports of the French
Academy, highljr unsatisfactory. The
expectant plan is especially satisfac-
tory to the homoeopathist, who calls to
his nid special symptomatic remedies
to relieve, particularly severe compli-
cations and sequelae.

Dr. Buck, of Cincinnati, pursued the
same line of thought, and spoke of the
duty of the American Homoeopathic
Institute to follow the lines of scien-
tific investigation, now becoming so
prominent throughout the world, and
cautioned particularly against con-
founding the bacillus as a cause and
as an effect of disease. He was sorry
to hear homoeopathists ridicule the
idea of these investigations as a waste
of time. This is a very great mis-
take. It is necessary for us to show
to the world that we are ready to
add to our knowledge by scientific
research, in any and every direc-
tion.

The Bureau of Ophthalmology,
Otology and Laryngology reported
through Henry C. Houghton, of New
York.

Dr. Wanstall, of Baltimore, read a
paper on hydrogen peroxide. In the
treatment of suppurative otitis media
and other inflammatory conditions it
was good, but did not deserve the
recommendations it had recently
received. And it fails to be as useful
in eye troubles as promised. He
mentioned other remedies : boracic
acid in chronic suppurative processes



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THE AMERICAN HOMCEOPATHJST.



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hydrated oxygen in inspissated ceru-
men, and reported clinical cases.

Dr. McGuire indorsed Dr. Wan-
stall's remarks on hydrogen peroxide,
but thought it equally useful in pur-
ulent ophthalmia.

Dr. Houghton read a paper of his
own upon the indications for several
new and valuable homoeopathic rem-
edies in ear diseases, which was
well received. He also spoke of the
peroxidcTof hydrogen, mentioned by
Dr. Wanstall as an agent of value as
an antiseptic.

Dr. Campbell read a valuable paper
on paralysis with loss of accommoda-
tion. Gave a resum^ of cause, pa-
thology and treatment. Loss of ac-
commodation is frequently the sequel
of diphtheria, and is sometimes accom-
panied by loss of speech and other
nervous symptoms. Gave one or two
cases in point, each resultant from
diphtheria.

A paper by Dr. Bellows, of Boston,
was next reported, upon a new treat-
ment of rigidities of the auditory ap-
paratus. This paper was accom-
panied by a new instrument manu-
factured for use in this condition.

Dr. Houghton followed with some
thoughts upon the analogy existing
between the eye and ear, in many
forms of disease, and the use of elec-
tricity in affections of the character
described.

Other members spoke upon the
questions under discussion, after
which the bureau was closed, and
Dr. Alfred W. Wanstall, of Baltimore,
was appointed chairman for the en-
suing year.

AFTERNOON SESSION.

The report of the Bureau of Sani-
tary Science consisted of a letter from
Dr. D. H. Beckwith, of Cleveland, O.,
regretting his inability to attend,,
owing to ill-health, and requesting
Dr. L. C. Grosvenor, of Chicago, to
take his place as chairman. The latter
gentleman, after making a few re-
marks complimentary to Dr. Beck-
with, read a synopsis of the paper
prepared by the latter on " Hygiene



of the Decline of Man." The paper
contains some very interesting sta-
tistics.

The decline of man begins at 60
years. The average duration of life
is on the increase. He thought that
with modern sanitary precautions and
the help of homoeopathic remedies
man ought to live to a good old age.
He also gave the history of sanitary-
science from the time of the Roman
baths, as studied byEsculapius, Galen-
and others. Thinks that the epi-
demics so frequent in past ages were
due to the terrible uncleanliness.
They employed numerous methods in
the shape of charms, and had various
superstitious practices by which they
hoped to secure immunity from
disease. This form of superstition
was succeeded by witchcraft.

Dr. H. E. Beebe, of Sidney, O.,
read a paper on ** Hygiene of the
Superstitious Ages," showing the
sharp contrast between superstition
and science. The paper gave evi-
dence of an extensive research of his-
tory on the part of its writer, and fol-
lowed the march of civilization from
the days when human beings were
treated as brutes to those of the pres-
ent century, when pity softens all,
and when the death percentage is so
much lower.

Dr. Beebe, however, was not pre-
pared to say that the days of the black
arts of medicine were ended, as
abundant evidences to the contrary
are found in the advertisements of
faith cures, etc., and the large estab-
lishments erected for and devoted to
these cures, finding an ample patron-
age from the large proportion of the
ignorant and superstitious among our
large populations.

One of the most valuable and in- .
teresting papers of the day was that
read by Dr. Grosvenor, of Chicago,
on the "Hygiene of Infancy." It
was extremely practical, and spoke of
the joys and sorrows of motherhood,
and contrasted the conditions of the
healthy and the sickly child, and the
causes which made them either
healthy or sickly, robust or puny^



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i88s.] AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF HOMCEOPA TH Y. 195



He thought extra care should be
taken of the mother, and that she
should at all times remember that
she has to eat for two. He favored
a bowl of oatmeal in the morning,
breakfast with the family, a cup of
cocoa in the middle of the forenoon,
the regular dinner, then in the middle
of the afternoon some nourishment,
supper, then at night nicely baked
apples with sugar in the center.

Dr. Dudley spoke of the subject
illustrated by Dr. Grosvenor, the
Hygiene of Infancy, confining him-
self particularly to " tired milk,'* and
the rich mine of information pos-
sessed by the ordinary farmer or
stock-raiser, but of which the great
human race, in affairs pertaining to
themselves and their children par-
ticularly, have remained in strange
ignorance. The speaker, however,
took issue with Dr. Grosvenor, and
thought that, in speaking of the case
of the mother, he had confined him-
self to what he would do, oi' what
plan he would advise, in the case of
ladies in easy circumstances, forget-
ting those whose husbands have a
limited income, and who themselves
have to work to keep the wolf from
the door. Being asked what he
thought as to the time of weaning
children, Dr. Dudley said he had no
cast-iron rule.

Dr. Mitchell spoke in eulogy of
Dr. Grosvenor, and thanked him for
his suggestions. Continuing, he spoke
warmly in opposition to condensed
milk, which had been mentioned
favorably by Dr. Dudley as being an
assistant in weaning.

Dr. Grosvenor returned to the sub-
ject, speaking of the milk bottle, etc.,
for the baby, and advocating a tea or
broth made with finely sifted oat-
meal, given to the child from a bottle
instead of the 10 o'clock ni^ht nurs-
ing, and the second week given also
instead of the 10 o'clock morning
nursing.

Dr. Allen also took issue with Dn
Grosyeoor, and thought he was in-
clined to run too many of the
mothers and children through the



same mill, asserting that all mothers
can not take oatmeal in the morning
and baked apples at night. He said
it was folly to attempt to give a set
diet — that every man had to find out
what was suited to his own stomach.

EVENING SESSION.

The Bureau of Gynaecology re-
ported through Phil. Porter, of De-
troit, the subject being diseases of
the ovaries and their treatment. Dr.
Porter deserves a special vote of
commendation for the admirable
manner in which he arranged and
presented his material. The first
paper was by H. K. Bennett, of Fitch-
burg, Mass., on Ovarian Neuralgia.
This was defined as generally be-
tokening a disturbed or abnormal
condition of the system, and as the
product of numerous causes, an inter-
mittent condition being most com-
mon, exposures to cold, inflammation
of the coverings of the ovaries, some*
times caused by too frequent copula-
tion. In diagnosis the objective
symptoms may and are frequently
mistaken for peritonitis ; the local^
ized pains are generally on one side
only. Sacral neuralgia can be told
by pressure on the sacrum.

Dr. A. I. Sawyer, of Monroe, Mich.,
on Oophoritis, said that inflammation
of broad ligament will often cause a
train of symptoms simulating those of
the more serious disease. Touch is of
value in differential diagnosis. If you
find a round body in the cuUde-sac^
and it is very sensitive to pressure, at-
tended with nausea and vomiting, or
hysterical symptoms, you may con-
clude you have an inflamed ovary.
Causes : cellulitis, pelvic peritonitis,,
gonorrhoea, suppression of menses,,
shocks, traumatism, etc. Hence ova-
ritis is usually complex. Chronic
form is more common than the acute,,
and is less amenable to treatment.

We hope soon to have more satis-
faction in the treatment.

Ovarian Dysmenorrhoea was dis-
cussed by Mrs. M. B. Pearman, M.D.,.
of St Louis.

There is some doubt as to the



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THE AMERICAN HOMCEOPATHIST.



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•existence of such a disease. The
author of this article believes any
abnormal condition from a slight
inflammation followed by even the
slightest indication to those cases
where adhesion binds down the ovary,
preventing the possibility of normal
development of vesicles, may have its
reflex influence on the catamenia,
causing great pain. Pregnancy cures
^ome cases, and relieves some, but
it is my opinion that those are due to
•displacement, and when pregnancy
does not cur^ the ovarian trouble,
the true cause prognosis. We will
not feel immediately alarmed about
the cause of ovarian dysmcnor-
rhoea coming under our care, if able
to control the patient and keep her
from excess, mental, physical or sex-
«ual ; would recommend a change of
-climate, absence from home and cares



Online LibraryHenry A GirouxAmerican homoeopathist → online text (page 29 of 123)