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Henry Allen Hazen.

History of Billerica, Massachusetts, with a Genealogical register online

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Online LibraryHenry Allen HazenHistory of Billerica, Massachusetts, with a Genealogical register → online text (page 1 of 64)
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COPYRIGHT DEPOSm




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^y/^-^yy-z-c^^z.^/' loughhig and seed-sowing, of wliich our modern life, since ITOO, is
only the fruit.

I have drawn the materials for these pages chiefly from the records,
and from other original and hitherto unpublished sources. With more
time to explore and digest the very copious material, I could have satisfied
my own ideal much more fully; but the opportunity is wanting, and such
as it is, I submit the volume to the use and charitable. judgment of that
lar^e and increasing number who are intei*ested in our local New England
history and genealogy.

The separate paging of the Genealogical Register is due to the fact that
it was first completed and printed, and the families being arranged alpha-
betically, the paging is in that part not important. If the question arises
^^ by any family, now resident in town, is not recorded in the Register, the
answer is, that the I'ecord was not furnished. At two town meetings, and
on other occasions, citizens were invited to furnish their family record for
this use, and none which were furnished are omitted.

For encouragement and aid in tlie work, thanks are due to friends more
nuraei'ous than I can mention. Many, not named, are not forgotten, if I
refer to a few, whom it Avere unpardonable to omit. The kindness and co-
operation of each member of the Historical Committee have been constant
and unstinted, and I record it here most gratefully ; while to Mr. Foster
and his good wife (whose recent death makes their pleasant home deso-
late) , I am specially indebted for the lists of town officers, and for the use-
ful alphabetical copy, made by thein, of the Baptisms found in the records
of the First Church. Mr. Franklin .Taquith copied the inscriptions in the
South BurjMng Ground, and those in the Old Corner Burj'ing Ground were
as kindly copied by Mrs. Holt. Mr. Jaquith also prepared with great care
the list of soldiers from Billerlca in the late war. Dr. C. E. Hosmer ren-
dered important aid in preparing the Map of Ancient Billerica. The use of
valuable surveys and papers has been generously granted by Mrs. Samuel
Sage, Mr. Leander Crosbj% Mr. Merton Simonds, of Bedford, Peter E.
Vose, Esq., of Dennysville, Me., and the Rev. Henry M. Dexter, D. D.,
of New Bedford. Mr. and Mrs. A. B. Cutler, of Bedford, have most kindly
given me every opportunity to use the invaluable Lane Papers in their pos-
session. The Hon. Samuel A. Green, M. D., Mayor of Boston, has not
only given free access to the library of the Massachusetts Historical So-
ciety, but, by constant and valuable suggestions, aided me very materiallj'^ ;
and Mr. John Ward Dean, of the New England Historic, Genealogical So-
ciety, has been not less helpful. The Congregational Library, rich in local



INTRODUCTION. V.

history and genealogy, has been always at mj^ service, while to IMiss Mary
E. Stone, its assistant lil)rarian, especial thanks are due, for invaluable aid,
most cheerfully rendered, in reading proof of nian^y of these pages. In n)y
researches among the Massachusetts Archives in the Secretarj' of State's
office, the aid of Dr. Edward Strong has been of great service ; and thanks
are due to Mr. David Pulsifer, of the same office. Others, who should be
named in the same spirit, are, Mrs. Bennett and Mr. W. W. AVarren, Dr.
Augustus Whiting, of Charlestown, Mr. and Mrs. L. W. Faulkner, Mr. C.
H. Hill, Mr. E. J. Hill and Dr. F. V. Noj^es ; and the volume might have
an appropriate dedication to the memory of Cai)t. Charles A. Kanlett, to
whose historic interest much was due in the inception of the enterjti-ise.

In closing, I may be permitted to record the satisfaction which I have
found in the researches and labors which this work has involved. My
experience in such inquiries was limited ; if it had been greater I should
scarcely have consented to accept the responsibility *of the undertaking.
But it is only the truth to say, that it has largely been a labor of love, giv-
ing its own constant reward. I have learned to honor the founders of this
town, and the generations which have builded upon their foundations. If
this volume shall aid to any extent in setting their work and memory in
clearer light, and securing a more just appreciation of their toils and sac-
rifices, I shall be content. At the same time I have more faith in the as-
surance that the former days were not better than these, but that there has
been substantial progress. The candid and careful student of the ancient
records can reach no other conclusion. The golden age is not in the past.

HEXRY A. IIAZEX.

AuBURNDALE, 1 Dec. 1882.



COINTENTS.



CHAPTER I. — Early Grants — Shawsiiin.

Grants to Govs. Winthrop and Dudley. 3, 4; "'The Two Brothers," 4; to
otlicrs and to Mrs, Winthrop, 5; Cambridge. 6-9; Dudley farm sold*
10; Grants from Cambridge, 12-4; petition of Shawshin, 16-8; named
liillciica, and extended west of Concord river. 19; Cambridge, agree-
niciit and separation. 20-2.

CHAT. 11.— F1K8T Settleh.s — Locations and KELATiONSiiirs.

The ••Farm" and the ••Township," 23-5; settlers from Cambridge, Wol)urn
anil Braintree, 26-9.

CHAP. III. — Land Distribution.

•■Farm" and •"Township" agreement, 31-2; early diyisionsi of land, 34-9;
Cliurch farm. 40; College farm. 41; farms of Champnej' and others,
41; ••Naticott" grant to Billeriea; its sale to Brenton, 42-4; John
Cromwell. 45; Cand)ridge ''Great Deed,'' 46; grant of 4000 acres, 47;
sold to Parker. 48.

CHAP. IV.— The Stouy as tolu in the Records.

Account of the •■Kecord" volumes, 51-3; Rights, acre-lots. 54; rating, 55;
house for minister. 57 ; first town otticers, 59 ; instructions to Select-
men. 61 ; Maj. VVillard, letter from, 62; the common herd. 63; killing
■wolves, 65 ; yoking swine, 60 ; shade trees and buiying place, 67 ; Cam-
bridge titles, 68 ; sale of mill-lot, 68 ; town charges, 1663. 69.

CHAP. V. — Boundaries.

Andover. 73-5; Concord, controversy, 76-81; Woburn, 82-6.

CHAP. VI. — Roads and Bridges.

Early ways, 87; road'to Woburn. 88; Ctmcord, 89; Andover, 90; Wamesit,
91; East road, 92; Lexington. 94; Charnestaffe lane, 95; West St.. 96;
treble-cove and rangewa3\ 97; bridges. 97-101.

CHAP. VII. — The Indians and Wamesit.

Wamesit reservation, 103; chiefs, 104; John Eliot; Gookin's narrative, 105;
Philip's war, 109 ; garrisons. 109; Chelmsford assailed, 114; Groton,
petition, 115; soldiers from Billeriea, 117; the Christian Indians; their
wrongs, 117; alarm at Billeriea; the reported massacre, 119; hard-
ships, 121 ; Kennebec expedition, 122.



CONTENTS, Vll.

CHAP. VIII. — Indian and Military.

Indian deeds, 123; sale, of Wamesit, 124; the Winthrops seek lo recover,
125; military company, 125; Canada expedition; Dunstable assailed; Lt.
Wilson at Cocheco, 126; Billerica's first massacre, 127; second massa-
cre, 129 ; Mrs. Toothaker, 130 ; militai-y life and trials, 132 ; Hunt's gar-
rison, 134 ; Col. John Lane, 135 ; Queen Anne's war, 136 ; soldiers from
Billerica, 137 ; Dunstable attacked, 140 ; Lovewell's expedition, 141 ;
Louisburg, 142 ; service on Connecticut river, 143 ; sad day for Biller-
ica, 143 ; Josiah Crosby, 144 ; French and Indian war, 145 ; soldiers
from Billerica, 147 ; the French neutrals, 151.

CHAP. IX. — Religious History.

Mr. Miller. Mr. Whiting. 153 ; meeting-house, 154 ; Danf orth and the Chelms-
ford church, 15G; difficulties of church organization, 159; at last ef-
fected, 160 ; the first pastor, 163 ; covenant, 163 ; half-waj' covenant,
164 ; minister's rate, 165 ; arrears. 166 ; repairs and neAV meeting-house,
168 ; seats, 169 ; Mr. Whiting's character. 170 ; frees his slave, 170 ; col-
league, 172; his death, 174; Mr. Euggles' ministry. 174; third meet-
ing-house, 175; pew ground and seats. 176; bell, 177; list of sittings,
178 ; Mr. Chandler settled, 181 ; death of Mr. Ruggles, 182 ; brief and
troubled pastorate of Mr. Chandler, 183.

CHAP. X. — Gleanings from Records.

Testimonial of loyalty, 185; fat ox for Mr. Davie, 186; basis of rates
changed, 187; Crosby's public house, 188; aid to the poor; tything-
men, 189 ; oath of fidelitj^ 191 ; subscription for Harvard College, 192 ;
early tax lists. &c.. 193; mill swamp drowned, 195; entertainments at
public house, 196 ; witchcraft ; Mrs. Carrier, 196 ; receipts and expen-
ses of town, 1714, 201 ; tax Usts, 1733 and 1755, 203.

CHAP. XI. —Land Distribution.

List of rights, 1685, 208 ; other claims, 209 ; extensive divisions, 210 ; grant-
ees, 213; west side, 214; ministry lot; sale of land to Capt. Reed. 215.

CHAP. Xn. — Dismemberment.

Wamesit ''Purchase," 217; Bedford, 218; Tewksbury, 220; Wilmington,
222 ; Carlisle, 223.

CHAP. XIII. — The Revolution.

Resolutions, 1768, 226; non-importation, 227; resolutions, 1773, 227; Bos-
ton port bill ; the toAvn's response, 229 ; will not use British goods, 231 ;
militia. 232 ; committee of inspection ; minute men, 233 ; Ditson tan-ed
and feathered, 234 ; the 19th of April, 235 ; committee of correspond-
ence, inspection and safety, 237 ; Bunker Hill ; independence, 238 ; calls
for troops, 239 ; inflation of the currency, 240 ; aid for soldiers, 241 ;
list of soldiers, 243 ; tax-list, 1776, 247.



viil. CONTENTS.

rilAr. XIV. — Education.

Catochising. 252; Joseph Toinpson, schoolmaster, 25.S; others, 254; squad-
rons. 2r»r>; school-houses; school-danies, 25G; Peinbertou Academy,
Billcrica Academy. 257; Howe school, 258; Boy's school, 2.59.

CHAP. XV. — Religious History.

Henry Cumings settled, 2G0; ''recollections'' of him, 2G1; new meeting-
liouse, and pew-list. 263; the pastor's theological position, 2G4; extract
trom sermons. 2G5 ; colleague settled; death of Dr. Cumings. 2GG; Mr.
Wliit man's ministry ; disturbing elements ; town ceases to rapport, 267 ;
his resignation. 2GS ; successors. 2G9 ; First Baptist Chun h, 269 ; pas-
tors; Congregational Church, 270; other churches, 272.

CHAP. XVI. — Canal, Turnpike and Railroads.

Middlesex Canal, 273; stages; Boston & Lowell Railroad, 275; the ''Nar-
row Gauge," 276.

CHAP. XVn. — Mills — Manufactures.

Early mills, 278; grant to Osgood; its history, 279 ; contest with towns
above, on Concord river ; Faulkner's mills, 280 ; Talbot's mills ; Hill's
machine shop ; Patten's manufactory, 281 ; Jaquith's glue factory, 282.

CHAP. XVHI. — Billerica in the Rebellion.

Raising troops, 283; monument, 284; record of soldiers, 285.

CHAP. XIX. — The Mother-Town op Billericay.
Description. 293; historic items, 295; meaning of name, 29G.

CHAP. XX. — Miscellaneous and Final.

Billerica graduates; lawyers and physicians, 302; town officers, 304; post-
masters, 307; population, 309 : census. 310; voting list, 1880, 312; li-
braries, 315; celebrations; Indian names, 316; surroundings and scen-
ery, 317.



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.



I'OI.'TIJAIT OF 'I'lIOMAS TALIiOT Front is|)i«'C('.

Mat of Ancucnt Rii.lkhioa ]). 1(»

(jAKiiisox JIoi .SE. Fn'iiclrr' ill

Howe Hciiool '2'u

FJovs" Hcirooi.. M. C. MnciiEij 2r)S

First Chuhch and Coai.mox ■2(\:i

P.ArxiST Chuhch 'ifi!)

('ox(;he(;ati«)NA[. CnuKCir 271

lUi'TisT Chuijcii, Xoktii Hili,ki;ica 272

KAir.KNEU Mii.i 27!)

Taluot Mi\A 280

Soldiers Monujient 2S4

UiLi.ERiCAY. Ex



Online LibraryHenry Allen HazenHistory of Billerica, Massachusetts, with a Genealogical register → online text (page 1 of 64)