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the said duties was unwarranted and illegal, respectively
refused to pay the said promissory notes \\-hen they becam.e
due, whereupon Henry Fuller, Esq., H.BI. Attorney Gen' of
the said island, upon the 3'"'* Feb. 1815, commenced pro-
ceedings against your petitioners in the Tribunal of the
Intendant according to the forms of Spanish law. Your
petitioners were cited to appear before the Escribano of the
said Court. An order was issued to seize the goods of your
petitioners to the value of the said sums and costs.

' That execution was levied upon the goods of your peti-
tioners, and the same remained sequestered, after which your
petitioners were cited to shew cause why final judgment
should not be pronounced against them.

' That your petitioners prayed to be aUowed copies of
certain ordinances of 1783, 1786, 1794, and 1796, relating to
the payment of duties, issued by the Spanish Government,



46o APPENDIX

which were in force at tlie time of the surrender of the colony
to the British arms in February, 1797.

' That copies of tire Ordinances of 1783 and 1786, and certain
Ordinances of 1795 and 1796, were furnished to your petitioners,
but they were unable to obtain copies of certain other Ordin-
ances of 1796, regulatmg by whom and under what circum-
stances the said duty was to be payable, and they prayed
permission to prove by oral testimony the manner in which
the duty had been levied ; viz., upon foreign goods imported
in foreign bottoms at the time when the colony remained in
possession of the Spaniards.

' That H.E. the Governor, exercising the office of Intendant,
gave judgment, allowing the said Ordinances to be received
in evidence, but rejecting the prayer of the petition for leave
to adduce the other evidence tendered as above.

' That your petitioners, conceiving themselves aggrieved,
presented a petition to the Governor, praying leave to appeal
to your most gracious Majesty in Council.

' That the said Attome}^ Gen' presented a petition to the
said Court, in opposition, in which he insisted on the legality
of the said demands.

' That H.E. the Governor gave judgment, directing execution
to be carried into effect against the goods seized, that the same
should be sold, and that the Attorney Gen' should enter into
bond on behalf of the Crown to make restitution in case the
said judgment should be reversed, and admitting the appeal
upon the usual securities.

' That the goods were sold for the payment of the said
promissorj? notes, amounting to £1991 los. currency, with
taxed costs amounting to £1066 19s. 6d., the amount of which
was received by the Treasurer of the said island of Trinidad.

' Your petitioners praj' that the said decree may be reversed
and annulled, and that a day may be appointed to hear the
said appeals, and that Henry Fuller, Attorney Gen' for the
island of Trinidad, do appear and attend the hearing thereof,
and that your Majesty will be pleased to grant to your peti-
tioners such other relief as to your Majesty shall seem meet.'

(Unfortunately there is no information as to how the
colonial Hampdens fared, for the Board disowned connection
with the case, pointing out that the 3^ per cent, duty was
purely colonial. The 3^ per cent, duty had been abolished, so
far as British linen and cotton goods were concerned, by a Privy
Council Order of November 27, 1815. It would be interest-



OPPRESSIVE OFFICIALS 461

ing to know whether there was really any legal authority for
the continuance of a Spanish duty, after the date of British
occupation, and also whether the original duty was levied on
all kinds of goods, or, as the appellants claimed, merely on
foreign goods in foreign ships. It is apparent that the legal
costs, as usual, were monstrous, and that the Crown lawyer
was determined to secure them.)

No. 36. Documents connected with the clearance of a British
vessel [foreign-huilt, evidently taken as prize and then
given a British Register) with a cargo of spirits and molasses
from one British colony to another. Date 1820.

(i. Licence. 2. Entry of goods outwards. 3. Certificate
of clearance. 4. Certificate that 4^ per cent, duties paid.
5. Pilaster's bond that goods shall not be landed contrary to
Xa\dgationlaws. 6. Certificateof origin of goods. 7. Master's
bond that such part of cargo as consists of spirits shall not be
landed in the Isle of Man. 8. List of crew [missing from
file].)

No. I.

' Saint Christopher.

' \^Tiereas it has been represented to us by Roger
Woodbume of the said island Merchant that it is his wish to
export from the same direct to the islands of Malta and
Gibraltar on board the brig Superior Andrew Cook master the
foD owing articles being of the growth produce and manufacture
of the said island That is to say eighty puncheons of rum fifty
puncheons of molasses thirty puncheons of rum shrub eight
hogsheads and seven tierces of muscovado sugar amounting
in value to the total sum of two thousand one hundred and
forty-seven pounds ten shillings sterhng money of Great
Britain. And whereas he has therefore requested us to grant
him a Licence for that purpose we do hereby grant him the
said Roger Woodburne a permission or Licence to load the
said articles on board the said brig Sitperior bound direct to
the island of Malta and Gibraltar aforesaid. He with the said
Andrew Cook master of the said brig having given the security

required by law.

' Given under our hands and seals of office at the Custom
House, Basseterre, this I3"> day of November, 1820, in the
first year of His Majesty's reign.

' C. WoODLEY, Collector.
W. H. Male, Controller.'



462 APPENDIX

No. 2.
'St. Christopher, i6"^ Novem., 1820.

' On Board the Brig Superior, Andrew Cook, Master, for
Cibraltar.

Roger Woodburne.
' Marks.
IV Nos I /i 1; /? Hogsheads Sugar at 1400 is 11 200

\7 Tierces — do — at 800 is 5600

16800 lbs.

W 1/80 80 puncheons Rum at 90 is 7200 gallons.
W 1/50 52^ puncheons Molasses at 90 is 4500 gallons.
W 101/130 30_ puncheons Shrub at 90 is 2700 gallons.

Sugar duty 756 lbs.
Rum and Shrub duty 445J galls. @ 2s. gd. . . £61 5 i\
Molasses duty 202J ,, ,, 2S 20 5 o



£9,1 10 i\



' Jno Hasell, Jun''

Act^ Searcher
To the Waiters and Searcher.



' C. Woodley, Collector.
W. H. Male, Controller.'



(Authors' Note. — The duties were the ' 4J per cent.'
The sugar duty was taken in kind ; the rum and molasses
duties were commuted. The searcher's examination is
shown on the back of the document.)



No. 3.

' Saint Christopher.

' These are to certify all whom it may concern that Andrew
Cook master or Commander of the brig Superior burthen 246
tons, mounted with no guns, navigated with 12 men, foreign
built, and bound for Gibraltar, having on board '

(Here follows recapitulation of cargo)

' hath here entered and cleared his said vessel according to
law.

' Given under our hands and seals (etc.).

' C. Woodley, Collr.
W. H. Male, Contr.'



SHIP'S PAPERS 463

No. 4.

' Saint Christopher.

Custom House, Basseterre.

' These are to certify, That the brig Superior, Andrew Cook
master, for Gibraltar hath here loaden and taken on board '

(Recapitulation of cargo)

' for which his ^lajesty's Duty of Four-and-Half per Cent, hath
been here fully answered and paid.
' Given under (etc.).

' C. Woodley, Collr.
W. H. Male, Contr.'

No. 5.

' Saint Christopher.

' These are to certify all whom it doth concern, that '

(Recapitulation as to master, vessel, destination, and cargo)

' and hath here given bond with one sufficient surety in the
sum of Two Thousand Pounds with condition That all Rum
which shall be laden on board the said ship shall not be
landed at any part of Europe to the northward of Cape
Finisterre, except Great Britain or Ireland, and that all other
non-enumerated goods (except Rum) so laden on board thereof
shall not be landed at any port of Europe to the northward
of Cape Finisterre, except in Great Britain, Ireland, Jersey,
or Guernsey. And these are further to certify that it appears
by the original Register now produced to us that the above-
mentioned ship was registered at Liverpool the t^/"" day of
A iigust 1816.

' Given under (etc.).

' C. Woodley, Collr.
W. H. Male, Contr.'

(Authors' Note. — Readers may be referred to Sec. 30,
Cap. 52, 6 Geo. 3 ; Cap. 2, 7 Geo. 3 ; and Sec. 3, Cap. 28,
9 Geo. 3.)

No. 6.

' Saint Christopher.

' These are to certify that proof has been produced to us
by affidavits, agreeable to the Act 4 Geo. 3, Cap. 15, that
the undermentioned goods and merchandize, now shipped
on board the brig Superior, Andrew Cook master, bound for



464



APPENDIX



Gibraltar, are of the growth, produce, or manufacture of the
British Colonies :'

(Recapitulation of cargo and details of registry.)

' Given under (etc.).

' C. Woodley, Collr.
W. H. Male, Contr.'
No. 7.

' Saint Christopher.

' These are to certify '

(Details as to master, ship, cargo, etc.)

' and hath also here given Bond with one sufficient surety in
the sum of Two Thousand Potmds with condition that the
said Rum, Shrub, or any part thereof, shall not be carried
to or landed in the Isle of Man.

' Given under (etc.). C. Woodley, Collr.

W. M. Male, Contr.'

(Authors' Note. — See Cap. 39, 5 Geo. 3 for the above.
One document is missing from the file — the list of men,
furnishing names, station, ages, stature, etc. This was issued
so that the collector at port of arrival could satisfy himself
that the proper number of ' King's subjects ' were employed.)



No. 37. List of Fees charged on Customs transactions by the
officers at Kingston, Jamaica, up to 1821.

By the Collector.

On entering a vessel with cargo from Europe
,, endorsing a Briti.sli consul's manifest (for wine carried as
cargo)
clearing vessel outwards for Europe (with cargo)
granting a new register (if required)
endorsing as to change of master or owner (if required)
Certificate to cancel bonds

Licence and bond if negro slaves carried as passengers
Certificate if carrying liberated negroes . .
Special manifest if tobacco carried as cargo
' Sea Letter ' for one voyage (if required)

Collector's total charges

Controller's charges (at \ the collector's rate)
Tide-surveyor's charges on entry and clearance
Landing-surveyor's do.
Waiters and searchers (usually four in number) each

;^2 13s. 4d. 10 13 4

iT^ 13 4



L


s.


d.


10


I


3


2


15





15


16


3


s


6


8


I


15


J





12


6


I


6


8


I


6


8


I


15





I


15





42


10





14


3


4


2


13


4


2


13


4



FEES AND RECEIPTS



465



^'•B. — The above is the maxiiiiiim amount, leviable by the
officers for their o^vn emolument, on the kind of vessel that
yielded most profit, when every impostable transaction
possible took place. It will be seen, however, that if a vessel
merely entered and cleared from Europe, the collector could
charge £25 17s. 6d., the controller £8 12s. 6d., and six other
officers £2 13s. 4d. each. Total, £50 los.

The entry and clearance fees chargeable on vessels with
cargo from a British colony (without any special transaction)
were : collectors, £8 5s. lod. ; controllers, £2 15s. 3d. ;
other officers, ;^i6. Total, £27 iis. id. Coasting drogers paid
7s. 6d. to the collector and 2s. 6d. to the controller for entry
and clearance, and no more. If a vessel arrived with a cargo
of goods taken as prize (a frequent occurrence), she had to
pay special fees of £2 15s. to the collector and 15s. to the
controller for a ' permit to land cargo.'



lYo. 38. Gross receipt of Customs, 1823 to 1838 inclusive, with
cost of collection {departmental statistics).





England.


Scotland.


Ireland.


Date.




























Gross.


Cost per
cent.


Gross.


Cost per
cent.


Gross.


Cost per
cent.




£




L




i




1823


12,695,004


7f


891,409


1 67V


1,918,455


2 3i


1824


12,689,690


7i


953,837


14J


1,847,630


i9i


1825


16,713,756


5*


1,512,960


lOi


2,140,934


I7i


1826


17,^52,350


S\i


1,299,351


iif


2,031,222


17I


1S27


17,627,949


s-i


1,376,044


lof


2,005,057


i6i


1828


17,642,362


5M


1,376,001


102V


1,590,347


I9f


1829


17,524,138


Sttu


1,372,089


9-^


1,675,609


i8i-


1830


17,984,549


5


1,520,791


84:


1,579,183


I7i


1831


16,688,586


5f


1,479,904


l"


1,477,448


17^


1832


16,689,751


6rV


1,477,913


71


1,516,908


i6|


1833


15,724,967


6A


1,338,513


8


1,511,701


16A


1834


17,922,158


Si


1,441,393


7-1


1,755,368


1 31


183s


19,602,726


5i


1,529,996


6f


2,016,176


I2i


1836


20,334,650


4f


1,587,648


6A


2,036,738


"i


1837


19,335,474


411


1,626,291


6A


1,945,849


12J


1838


19,592,846


4-11


1,666,398


6A


1,951,636


12



No. 39. Scottish Board's Mimtte of August 20, 1821.

' Read the report of the Solicitor on letter from Rear-
Admiral Otway, with copy of one from Capt. Melville of the
II. 30



466



APPENDIX



Earl Moira cruiser, stating an unsuccessful attack by a boat's
crew upon a smuggling lugger, in which one of the mariners
was killed and two severely wounded.

' Ordered : Copies to be transmitted to Lerwick and Kirkwall,
with directions to the officers to use every means in their
power for obtaining information respecting the crew of the
smuggling lugger, the port to which she belongs, and such
other particulars as may lead to the discovery of the persons
on board of her who were concerned in the attacking, killing,
and wounding the mariners belonging to the Earl Moira.'



No. 40. Irish Customs Board's advertisement of seized tobacco
for sale in May, 1824. [The Cork record probably includes
the goods seized in 1822 on the ' Peru,' at Kinsale, see
pp. 118-120). Only the sound tobacco was sold ; therefore
the advertisement does not enlighten as to the full amount
of tobacco seized. {Much of the ' Peru's ' cargo was
damaged.)

Notice to Importers of Tobacco.

' The Commissioners of Customs hereby give Notice that
it '' their intention to offer for sale, to Importers of Tobacco
OfUy, all Seized Tobaccoes in Store worth the duties, and
which may have been legally condemned at the Ports of

Londonderry about 15,000 lbs.
Sligo . . „ 600 „

Strangford . . ,, 12,000 ,,

Watertord . . „ 8,400 „

and to receive Tenders for the purchase of the same, on or
before the first day of July next.

' And they further give Notice that the Sampling will com-
mence on the 20'*^ May, at which time every facility wUl be
given the Merchants to view the same, as no claim will be
admitted on account of the Tobaccoes being considered
inferior to the Samples.

' Purchasers must either warehouse the Tobaccoes so pur-
chased, according to law, or take them away in ten days
after they shall be declared, paying down the purchase
money, orf purchase money and duty as the case may be.

* Total between 230 and 23 1 tons.

t (Purchase money if the goods were to be warehoused; purchase
money and duty if they were for immediate clearance. — Authors.)



Dublin


. about 9,200 lbs


Cork


,, 185,000 „


Belfast


„ 100,000 „


Galway


„ 40,000 „


Limerick


„ 147,000 „



SALES AND SEIZURES 467

at the same time, otherwise the Board's agreement to the
proposal to be null and void.

' As the Tobacco that may be purchased under the conditions
of this Advertisement will be considered exactly in the same
situation as if it had that day been regularly imported by
the Merchant who makes the purchase, the purchasers must
bear the expense attending removing, unwarehousing, ware-
housing, cooperage, and porterage.

' No proposal will be taken into consideration if the price
offered be less than two pence per lb. exclusive of the Duties,
and the proposal must have reference to each specific lot,
as well as the marks and numbers of the several casks of
which it is composed.

' Sealed proposals, with the words " Tenders for Tobacco "
endorsed thereon, to be sent addressed under cover to the
Secretary of the Board of Customs, Custom House, Dublin,
on or before Twelve o'clock at noon on Thursday, the first
Julv. after which time no tender will be received.
' By order of the Commissioners,

' C. I. A. Maclean,

' Secretary.'

' Custom House Dublin.'



No. 41. Specimen of Colonial reports of seizure and
subsequent proceedings, 1824.

'Custom House, St. Vincent.

' Honourable Sirs,

' We have the honour to acquaint you that a seizure
was made on the 2"'' inst. by Messrs. Hodder and Billing-
hurst, of the sloop Dandy belonging to this port, and her
cargo, consisting of 40 firkins and 4 i-firkins butter, 69 boxes
candles, and 18 cases oil, the whole being French property
and prohibited.

' Information was received by the above officers that the
Dandy (a suspected vessel) was in the Bay of Barmuallie,
about 12 miles leeward of Kingstown, and that two or three
persons were on shore endeavouring to effect a sale of her
cargo. The officers proceeded (about sunset) in their boat,
and fell in vnth the sloop one mile and a half from the shore,
apparently beating to windward.

' The Attorney-General had no doubt as to the legality of
their having so acted. The information was filed on the



468



APPENDIX



16"'. The goods have been appraised and sold under an
order from the Court of Vice-Admiralty as perishable articles,
and also the vessel.

' On the part of the prosecution the evidence will be respect-
able, and positive as to the intention to smuggle ; it will also,
we presume, be positive that they did come to an anchor
that evening in violation of S. 18, Cap. 44, 3 Geo. IV.

' We beg to state that the goods belonged to two Frenchmen,
passengers on board, who will probably be induced to enter
a claim, under the impression that as nothing was landed
the going into a port does not constitute importation. Their
only excuse was to get a supply of water (having left Mar-
tinique only 36 hours) and that their destination was the
Gulph of Paria.

' Geo. Huskisson, CoW.
Rich" Arrindale, Cont'.





Appraised value in
currency.


A mount sold for.


Sloop

Butter

Candles

Oil


£ s. d.

82 10
168
138

22 10


£ s. d.

97
261 4 9
156 6 6

31 9 9


411 00


546 I



' Since the above was written we have been informed that
a Mr. Lamotte, one of the passengers, having procured
security,^ intends to put in a claim. He is a native and
resident of Grenada, whose connexions are French, at Mar-
tinique.'



(Later report.)

' We have now to inform you that the Claimant (Etienne
Lamotte) clandestinely withdrew from this island, and has
not since been heard of. The sureties, becoming responsible
in the sum of £60 sterling, were called on for payment. A
monition was served, which has had the effect of bringing
them to a promise of payment at an early day.

' From the heavy charges attending the prosecution of
seizures in this colony, we submit the expediency of a



SEIZURES AND ASSAULTS 469

revision of the colonial docket under which such charges are
made.

' The present system cannot but operate as a discourage-
ment to the officers, and severely indeed would it have
been felt by them in the above case, had it been otherwise
decided.'



No. 42. Notice offering reward for discovery of certain
smugglers who had resisted and assaulted the customs
men at Swanage.

' i2,th November, 1827.

' Whereas it has been humbly represented to the King that
in the Evening of Wednesday the ig"" of September last an
outrageous assault was committed at Swanage, in the County
of Dorset, upon the Persons of the Chief Officer and Crew
while employed at their Duty in the said place in the Pre-
vention of Smuggling, by a gang of about 70 Smugglers,
most of whom were armed with Fire Arms, Swords, and
Swingles, and that the said Chief Officer and Several of the
Crew were severely wounded :

'His Majesty, for the better discovering of the Offenders
concerned in the commission of this Outrage, is hereby
pleased to offer His most gracious pardon to any one or
more of them, present at and aiding in such Outrage (save
and except those who actually assaulted and beat the Chief
Officer and his Crew) who shall discover his or their accom-
plice or accomplices therein so that he or they may be appre-
hended and brought to justice.

' Landsdowne.

' And the Commissioners of His Majesty's Customs do hereby
offer a Reward of

;£200

' to any Person or Persons who shall make such discovery (save
and except as aforesaid), the same to be paid by the Collector
of His Majesty's Customs, at the said port of Poole, on the
Conviction of the Offenders or any of them.

' T. Whitmore,
' Secretary to the Commissioners of Customs'



470



APPENDIX



No. 43. Statement of the average annual emoluments of Planta-
tion customs collectors (salaries and fees) during the five
years ending January 5, 1826 (the date at which fees were
abolished) .

Amount per year of
Port. salaries and fees

(salaries nominal).

Kingston, Jamaica*

Morant Bay

Port Antonio

Annatto Bay

Port Maria

St. Anne's

Falmouth

St. Lucea

Montego Bay

Savannah -la-Mar

Bridgetown, Barbados

Oistens ,,

Speights „

Hole Town ,,

Antigua

St. Kitts . .

Nevis

Montserrat

Tortola

Grenada

St. Vincent

Dominica . .

Trinidad

Tobago

St. Lucia . .

Demeraraf

Berbice

Nassau

Turk's Island

Exuma

Crooked Island

Bermuda

Newfoundland

Nova Scotia

Cape Breton

St. John, New Brunswick

St. Andrew's

Prince Edward's Island

Quebecl

* The Kingston controller made £2,SS^ 7S- Sd. ; the tide-surveyor,
£1,067 19s- 7d-

f The Demerara controller made £1,766 gs. 5d. ; the first clerk,
;^400 ; the second clerk, £'366 13s. 4d. ; the third clerk, ;^25o ; the three
Ian ding- waiters ;^ 1,0 2 1 4s. iid. each.

X The Quebec controller made ;£2,098 14s. lod. ; the two landing-
waiters ^1,015 IS. 5d. each.

The total annual amount of the Plantation Customs emoluments



£


s.


d.


6,525


II


4


881


10


6


823


6


2


700








758


2


9


459


18


10


1,329


IS





589


3


2


1,980


12


7


853


8


10


2,343


8


10


152


10





417


8


II


157


II


8


1.835


17


7


1,011


I


6


504


4


6


352








493


15


2


1.839


I





1,603


9


3


1,057


14





2.392


5


9


1,481


10





1,291


4


4


5.219


8


7


940








789


13


4


745


10





103


9


4


114


4


2


906


15


I


1,928


I


II


2,013


15





383


8


7


3,210


9


II


732





7


386


7


10


4,261


15


I



FEES AND LICENCES 471

No. 44. Licence granted by the Customs Board to a vessel
{armed) to trade as a whaler {Southern Fishery), 1828.

' Licence (No. 56513.)

'By the Commissioners for managing and causing to be
levied and collected His Majesty's Customs.

' \'alue. Three Thousand Pounds.

' Suffer the Ship or vessel called the Coronet of London
John Kenney master Carvel built ninety-four feet eleven
mches long twenty-five feet six inches broad two hundred
and seventy-five 3/94 tons, with a standing bowsprit Armed
with eight guns, six nine and twelve-pounders, thirty musket's,
thirty pistols, thirty cutlasses, thirty rounds of powder and
hall whereof Francis Deacon of Russell St. Bermondsey and
others, are owners, intended to be employed in the Southern
Whale Fishery, to pass without any Lett, Hindrance, Seizure,
or Molestation, provided it shall appear by certificate on the
back hereof from the collector, controller, or other proper
officer of the Customs that the said Owners have given
security to their satisfaction as required by law. Given
under our hands, &c.'



No. 45. Customs officers at Montego Bay, Jamaica, to London
Board, announcing negro insurrection, 1831-32.

' Ja7i. 13'*, 1832.

' Honourable Sirs,

' It is our painful duty to inform your Honors of the
rebellion of the negroes of this parish, the destruction of the
greater number of its country-houses and their properties by
fire, much loss of life in several skirmishes between the military
and the insurgents, as also by the execution of many of the
leaders of the rebellion, martial law having been duly pro-
claimed on the last day of the year.

' It appears that some insurrections have taken place in
other parishes, but the principal seat of the rebellion is in



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