Henry Davenport Northrop.

The Holy Bible, containing the Old and New Testaments online

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king's ring.

45'7



Mordecai and the Jews mourn.

13 And the letters were ? sent by posts
into all the king's provinces, to destroy, to
kill, and to cause to perish, all Jews, both
young and old, little children and women,
'in one day, even upon the thirteenth day
of the twelfth month, which is the month
Adar, and * to take the spoil of them for a
prey.

14 " The copy of the writing for a com-
mandment to be given in every province was
published unto all people, that they should
be ready against that day.

15 The posts went out, being hastened by
the king's commandment, and the decree was
given in Shushan the palace. And the king,
and Haman sat down to drink j but ^'the city
Shushan was perplexed.

CHAP. IV.

1 The great mourning of Mordecai and the Jews.
4 Esther, understanding it, sendeth to Mordecai, who
sheweth the cause, and adviseth her to undertake the
suit. 10 She excusing herself is threatened by Mor-
decai. 15 She appointing a fast undertaheth the
suit.

WHEN Mordecai perceived all that was
done, Mordecai *rent his clothes, and
put on sackcloth ''with ashes, and went out
into the midst of the city, and "cried with a
loud and a bitter cry ;

2 And came even before the king's gate :
for none might enter into the king's gate
clothed with sackcloth.

3 And in every province whithersoever
the king's commandment and his decree
came, there was great mourning among the
Jews, and fasting, and weeping, and wailing ;
and t many lay in sackcloth and ashes.

4 ir So Esther's maids and her t chamber-
lains came and told it her. Then was the
queen exceedingly grieved; and she sent
raiment to clothe Mordecai, and to take
away his sackcloth from him : but he received
it not.

5 Then called Esther for Hatach, one of
the king's chamberlains, t whom he had ap-
pointed to attend upon her, and gave him a
commandment to Mordecai, to know what it
was, and why it was.

6 So Hatach went forth to Mordecai, unto
the street of the city, which was before the
king's gate.

7 And Mordecai told him of all that had
happened unto him, and of ""the sum of the
naoney that Haman had promised to pay to
the king's treasuries for the Jews, to destroy
them.

8 Also he gave him "the copy of the writ-
ing of the decree that was given at Shushan
to destroy them, to shew it unto Esther, and
to declare it unto her, and to charge her that



ESTHER.



Before

CHRIST

510.



q ch. 8. 10.



r ch. 8. 12,



t ch. 8. 11.



u ch. 8. 13,
14.



X See.
ch. 8. 15.
Plov.S».2.



nbout 510.

a 2 Sam.

1. 11.

b Josh. 7. 6.

Ezok. 27.3U.

c Gen. 27.

34.



t Heh.
sackcloth
and ashes
wci'c laid
under many,
Isai. 58. 5.
Uiiii. !). 3.
T Heb.
eunuchs.



t Heh.

whom he
hid set be-
fore her.



d ch. 3. 9.



o ch.3.14,

15.



Before
CHKIST
abont 510.



f ch. 5. 1.

g Dan. 2. 9.

h ch. 5. 2.
& 8. 4.



t Heb.
respiration.
Job 9. 18.



t Heh.

j^onnd.

1 See ch. 5.

1.



k SneGcn.
43. 14.



t Heb.
passed.



a See ch. 4.
16.



b Sec ch. 4.
n.&ch.O.
4.



e See Esth.
1.5. 7, 8.
Prov.21.1.
d ch. 4. 11.
&8. 4.



Esther undertaketh the suit.

she should go in unto the king, to make
supplication unto him, and to make request
before him for her people.

9 And Hatach came and told Esther the
words of Mordecai.

10 IT Again Esther spake unto Hatach,
and gave him commandment unto Morde-
cai;

11 All the king's servants, and the people
of the king's provinces, do know, that whoso-
ever, whether man or woman, shall come unto
the king into ^the inner court, who is not
called, e there is one law of his to put him to
death, except such ^ to whom the king shall
hold out the golden sceptre, that he may
live : but I have not been called to come in
unto the king these thirty days.

12 And they told to Mordecai Esther's
words.

13 Then Mordecai commanded to answer
Esther, Think not with thyself that thou
shalt escape in the king's house, more than
all the Jews.

14 For if thou altogether boldest thy
peace at this time, then shall there t en-
largement and deliverance arise to the .Jews
from another place ; but thou and thy father's
house shall be destroyed : and who knoweth,
whether thou art come to the kingdom for
such a time as this ?

15 IT Then Esther bade them return Mor-
decai this answer,

16 Go, gather together all the Jews that
are f present in Shushan, and fast ye for me,
and neither eat nor drink 'three days, night
or day : I also and my maidens will fast like-
wise : and so will I go in unto the king,
which is not according to the law; ''and if I
perish, I perish.

17 So Mordecai fwent his way, and did
according to all that Esther had commanded
him.

CHAP. V.

1 Esther, adventuring on the king's favour, oblaineth the
grace of the golden sceptre, and inviteth the king and
Haman to a banquet. 6 She, being encouraged by the
king in her suit, inviteth them to another banquet the
next day. 9 Haman, proud of his advancement, re-
pineth at the contempt of Mordecai. 14 By the counsel
of Zeresh he buildeth for him a pair of gallows,

"VrOW it came to pass ''on the third day,
J_\ that Esther put on her royal apparel,
and stood in •'the inner court of the king's
house, over against the king's house : and
the king sat upon his royal throne in the
royal house, over against the gate of the
house.

2 And it was so, when the king saw Esther

the queen standing in the court, that "she

obtained favour in his sight: and ''the king

held out to Esther the golden sceptre that

458



Esther appeareth uncalled before the king. CHAP. VI.



was in his hand. So Esther drew near, and
touched the top of the sceptre.

3 Then said the king unto her, What
wilt thou, queen Esther? and what is thy re-
quest? *it shall be even given thee to the
half of the kingdom.

4 And Esther answered, If it seem good
unto the king, let the king and Haman come
this day unto the banquet that I have pre-
pared for him.

5 Then the king said, Cause Haman to
make haste, that he may do as Esther hath
said. So the king and Haman came to the
banquet that Esther had prepared.

6 IT ''And the king said unto Esther at the
banquet of wine, sWhat is thy petition?
and it shall be granted thee: and what is thy
request ? even to the half of the kingdom it
shall be performed.

7 Then answered Esther, and said. My
petition and my request is :

8 If I have found favour in the sight of
the king, and if it please the king to grant
my petition^ and t to perform my request, let
the king and Haman come to the banquet
that I shall prepare for them, and I will do
to-morrow as the king hath said.

9 IT Then went Haman forth that day joy-
ful and with a glad heart : but when Haman
saw Mordecai in the king's gate, ""that he
stood not up, nor moved for him, he was full
of indignation against Mordecai.

10 Nevertheless, Haman 'refrained himself:
and when he came home, he sent and t call-
ed for his friends, and Zeresh his wife.

11 And Haman told them of the glory of
his riches, and ''the multitude of his children,
and all the things wherein the king had pro-
moted him, and how he had 'advanced him
above the princes and servants of the king.

12 Haman said moreover. Yea, Esther the
queen did let no man come in with the king
unto the banquet that she had prepared but
myself; and to-morrow am I invited unto
her also with the king.

13 Yet all this availeth me nothing, so
long as I see Mordecai the Jew sitting at
the king's gate.

14 IT Then said Zeresh his wife and all
his friends unto him. Let a f "gallows be
made of fifty cubits high, and to-morrow
"speak thou unto the king that Mordecai
may be hanged thereon: then go thou in
merrily with the king unto the banquet. And
the thing pleased Haman ; and he caused
« the gallows to be made.

CHAP. VI.

1 AAasuerus, reading in the chronicles of the good service
done by Mordecai, taketh care for his reward. 4 Ha-
man, coming to sue that Mordecai might be hanged.



Before
CHRIST
about 510.



e So Mark
6.23.



f ch. 7. 2.
e ch. 9. 12.



•t Heb.
to do.



i So 2 Sam.
13. 22.
t Heb.
caused to



k ch. 9. 7,

&c.



tHob.

tree.

m ch. 7. 9.



n ch. 6. 4.



ch. 7. 10.



Before
CHRIST
about 510.



tHoh.
the kine*s
uleep fied
away,
a ch. 2. 23.



Btsthailt
ch.2.21.



THob.
threshold.



bSee
ch. 5. 1.

c ch. 5. 14.



tHeb.
m whose
lumour the
king de-
lighteth.



tHeb.
in whose
lumour the
kinff de-
lishteth,
tTleb.
l,et them
In-iue tka
royal ap-

farel.
Heb. .
wherewith
the king
elotheth
himself,
d 1 Kings 1.
33.



t Heb. .
cause him
to ride.
c Gen. 41.
43.



t Hob.

suffer not
a whit to
faU.



f 2 Chron.

28. 20.

g 2 Sam. 15.

Jer. 14. 3. 4.



Mordecai receiveth great honours.

■unawares giveth counsel that he might do him honour.
12 Complaining of his misfortune, his friends tell him
of his final destiny.

ON that night t could not the king sleep,
and he commanded to bring »the book
of records of the chronicles; and they were
read before the king.

2 And it was found Avritten, that Morde-
cai had told of || Bigthana and Teresh, two
of the king's chamberlains, the keepers of the
fdoor, who sought to lay hand on the king
Ahasuerus.

3 And the king said. What honour and
dignity hath been done to Mordecai for this ?
Then said the king's servants that minister-
ed unto him, There is nothing done for him.

4 IT And the king said. Who is in the
court? (Now Haman was come into ''the
outward court of the king's house, "^to speak
unto the king to hang Mordecai on the gal-
lows that he had prepared for him.)

5 And the king's servants said unto him.
Behold, Haman standeth in the court. And
the king said. Let him come in.

6 So Haman came in. And the king said
unto him. What shall be done unto the man
t whom the king delighteth to honour ? (Now
Haman thought in his heart. To whom would
the king dehght to do honour more than to
myself?)

7 And Haman answered the king, For the
man fwhom the king delighteth to honour,

8 tLet the royal apparel be brought
t which the king useth to wear, and ^ the
horse that the king rideth upon, and the
crown royal which is set upon his head :

9 And let this apparel and horse be deli-
vered to the hand of one of the king's most
noble princes, that they may array the man
withal whom the king delighteth to honour,
and t bring him on horseback through the
street of the city, *and proclaim before him,
Thus shall it be done to the man whom the
king delighteth to honour.

10 Then the king said to Haman, Make
haste, and take the apparel and the horse, as
thou hast said, and do even so to Mordecai
the Jew, that sitteth at the king's gate : flet
nothing fail of all that thou hast spoken.

11 Then took Haman the apparel and the
horse, and arrayed Mordecai, and brought
him on horseback through the street of the
city, and proclaimed before him. Thus shall
it be done unto the man wfeom the king de-
lighteth to honour.

12 HAnd Mordecai came again to the
king's gate. But Haman '"hasted to his
house mourning, e and having his head co-

VGrcd

13 And Haman told Zeresh his wife and

459



Esther's suit for herself and her people.

all his friends every thing that had befallen
him. Then said his wise men and Zeresh his
wife unto him, If Mordecai he of the seed of
the Jews, before whom thou hast begun to
fall, thou shalt not prevail against him, but
shalt surely fall before him.

14 And while they were yet talking with
him, came the king's chamberlains, and
hasted to bring Haman unto ""the banquet
that Esther had prepared.

CHAP. VII.

1 Esther, entertaining the king and Haman, maketh suit
for her own life and her people's. 5 She accuseth Ha-
man. 7 The king in his anger, understanding of the
gallows which Haman had made for Mordecai, causeth
him to be hanged thereon.

SO the king and Haman came tto ban-
quet with Esther the queen.

2 And the king said again unto Esther
on the second day ^at the banquet of wine,
What is thy petition, queen Esther? and it
shall be granted thee : and what is thy re-
quest? and it shall be performed, even to
tJie half of the kingdom.

3 Then Esther the queen answered and
said. If I have found favour in thy sight, O
king, and if it please the king, let my life be
given me at my petition, and my people at
my request :

4 For we are ''sold, I and my people, fto
be destroyed, to be slain, and to perish. But
if we had been sold for bond-men and bond-
women, I had held my tongue, although the
enemy could not countervail the king's da-
mage.

5 IT Then the king Ahasuerus answered
and said unto Esther the queen, Who is he,
and where is he, t that durst presume in his
heart to do so ?

6 And Esther said, t The adversary and
enemy is this wicked Haman. Then Ha-
man was afraid || before the king and the
queen.

7 IF And the king arising from the banquet
of wine in his wrath went into the palace-
garden : and Haman stood up to make re-
quest for his life to Esther the queen ; for
he sawthat there was evil determined against
him by the king.

8 Then the king returned out of the palace-
garden into the place of the banquet of wine;
and Haman was fallen upon " the bed where-
on Esther was. Then said the king. Will he
force the queen also f before me in the
house ? As the word went out of the king's
mouth, they <■ covered Haman's face.

9 And « Harbonah, one of the chamber-
lains, said before the king. Behold also ^the
t gallows fifty cubits high, which Haman had
made for Mordecai, who had spoken good for



ESTHER.



Before
CHRIST

about 510.



h ch. 5. 8.



t Heb.
to drink.



a ch. S. 6.



b ch. 3. 9.

&4. 7.
t Heb.
that tkev
should de-
stroy, and
kilt, and
cause to
perish.



t Heb.
whose heart
halhfiUed
htm.

t Heb.
Thr. man-
adversary.

II Or,
at the pre-
sence of.



cch.1.6.



t Heb.
with me.



d Job 9. 34.
ch. 1. 10.

f ch. 5. 14.

Pa. 7. 16.

Prov. 11. 5,

6.

t Heb.

tree.



Before
CHRIST

about 510.



K Dan. 6.24.
Ps. 37. 35,
30.



ach.2. 7.



t Heb.
and she
wept, and
besought
him.



c ch. 4. 11.
&5.2



t Heb. the
device,
II Or,
who wrote.



t Heb.
be able that
J may see.
A ch. 7. 4.
Neh. 2. 3.



e ver. 1.
Prov. 13. iH.



f See ch. 1.
19.

Dan. 6. 8,
12, 15.
g ch. 3. 12.



h ch. 1. 1,



i ch. 1. 22.
& 3. 12.



Mordecai is advanced.

the kmg, standeth in the house of Haman.
Then the king said. Hang him thereon.

10 So s they hanged Haman on the gallows
that he had prepared for Mordecai. Then
was the king's wrath pacified.

CHAP. VIII.

1 Mordecai is advanced. 3 Esther maketh suit to reverse
Haman's letters. 7 Ahasueriis granteth to the Jews to
defend themselves. 15 Mordecai's honour, and the
Jews' joy.

ON that day did the king Ahasuerus give
the house of Haman, the Jews' enemy,
unto Esther the queen. And Mordecai came
before the king ; for Esther had told ^what
he was unto her.

2 And the king took oflf ''his ring which
he had taken from Haman, and gave it unto
Mordecai. And Esther set Mordecai over
the house of Haman.

3 IT And Esther spake yet again before the
king, and fell down at his feet, t and be-
sought him with tears to put away the mis-
chief of Haman the Agagite, and his de-
vice that he had devised against the Jews.

4 Then "the king held out the golden
sceptre toward Esther. So Esther arose,
and stood before the king,

5 And said, If it please the king, and if
I have found favour in his sight, and the
thing seem right before the king, and I he
pleasing in his eyes, let it be written to re-
verse t the letters devised by Haman the son
of Hammedatha the Agagite, *|| which he
wrote to destroy the Jews which are in all
the king's provinces :

6 For how can 1 1 endure to see "^ the evil
that shall come unto my people ? or how can
I endure to see the destruction of my kindred ?

7 H Then the king Ahasuerus said unto
Esther the queen and to Mordecai the Jew,
Behold, « I have given Esther the house of
Haman, and him they have hanged upon the
gallows, because he laid his hand upon the
Jews.

8 Write ye also for the Jews, as it liketh
you, in the king's name, and seal it with the
king's ring : for the writing which is written
in the king's name, and sealed with the king's
ring, '"may no man reverse.

9 e Then were the king's scribes called at
that time in the third month, that is, the
month Sivan, on the three and twentieth day
thereof; and it was written, according to all
that Mordecai commanded, unto the Jews,
and to the lieutenants, and the deputies and
rulers of the provinces which are ^ from India
unto Ethiopia, an hundred twenty and seven
provinces, unto every province according
to the writing thereof, and unto every people

460



The letters against the Jeivs reversed.

after their language, and to the Jews accord-
ing to their writing, and according to their
language.

10 ''And he wrote in the king Ahasureus'
name, and sealed it with the king's ring, and
sent letters by posts on horseback, and riders
on mules, camels, and young dromedaries :

11 Wherein the king granted the Jews
which were in every city to gather themselves
together, and to stand for their life, to de-
stroy, to slay, and to cause to perish, all the
power of the people and province that would
assault them, both little ones and women, and
'ifo take the spoil of them for a prey,

12 "Upon one day in all the provinces of
king Ahasuerus, namely, upon the thirteenth
day of the twelfth month, which is the month
Adar.

13 °The copy of the writing for a com-
mandment to be given in every province was
t published unto all people, and that the Jews
should be ready against that day to avenge
themselves on their enemies.

14 So the posts that rode upon mules and
camels went out, being hastened and pressed
on by the king's commandment. And the
decree was given at Shushan the palace.

15 IT And Mordecai went out from the
presence of the king in royal apparel of
II blue and white, and with a great crown of
gold, and with a garment of fine linen and
purple : and "the city of Shushan rejoiced,
and was glad :

16 The Jews had Plight, and gladness,
and joy, and honour.

17 And in every province, and in every
city, whithersoever the king's commandment
and his decree came, the Jews had joy and
gladness, a feast land a good day. And
many of the people of the land "■ became
Jews ; for Hhe fear of the Jews fell upon
them.

CHAP. IX.

1 The Jews {the rulers, for fear of Mordecai, helping
them) slay their enemies, with the ten sons of Haman.
12 Ahasuerm, at the request of Esther, granteth
another day of slaughter, and Haman's sons to be
hanged. 20 The two days of Purim are made festival.

NOW "^in the twelfth mjonth, that is, the
month Adar, on the thirteenth day of
the same, ^ when the king's commandment
and his decree drew near to be pqt in exe-
cution, in the day that the enemies of the
Jews hoped to have power over them, (though
it was turned to the contrary, that the Jews
"had rule over them that hated them ;)

2 The Jews ^gathered themselves together
in their cities throughout all the provinces of
the king Ahasuerus, to lay hand on such as
sought their hurt : and no man could with-



CHAP. IX.



Bororo
CHRIST
about 510.



k 1 KinEl

ai. a

ch. 3. 12, 13.



I See

ch. 9. 10, 15,

16.

Ml ch. 3. 13,

&c. & g. 1.



n oh. 3. 14,

15.



t Heb.
revealed.



II Or,
violet.



o See
ch. 3. 15.
Prov. 2a. 2.



pPs.97.11.



q 1 Sam. 23.

a

ch. 9. 19, 22.
r Pe. 18. 43.

s Gen. 35. 5.
Exod. 15. 10.
Deut. 2. 25.
b. 11. 25.
ch. 9. 2.



about 509.
a ch. a 12.



b ch. 3. 13.



c 2 Sam. 22.

41.

d ch. 8. 11.

& ver. 16.



ePs.'
24.



Berore
CHRIST

about 509.



f ch. a 17.



t Heb.
those which
did the Imsi-
ness that be-
longed to
Uie idng.



e 2 Sam. 3.

I'Chron. 11.

9.

Prov. 4. IS.



t Heb.
according to
their will.



h ch. 5. 11.

Job IB. 19.

& 27. 13, 14,

15.

Ps. 21. 10.

i See

ch. a 11.



t Heb.
catne.



k ch. 5. 6. &

7. 3.



I ch. a 11.

tHeb.
let men
havg.
m 2 Sam.
21. 6, 9.



n ver. 2. &
ch. 8. 11.



p ver. 2. &
ch. a 11.



q See
ch. a 11.



t Heb.

m it.



The Jews slay their enemies.

stand them ; for *" the fear of them fell upon
all people.

3 And all the rulers of the provinces, and
the Heutenants, and the deputies, and f of-
ficers of the king helped the Jews; because
the fear of Mordecai fell upon them.

4 For Mordecai was great in the king's
house, and his fame went out throughout all
the provinces : for this man Mordecai s waxed
greater and greater.

5 Thus the Jews smote all their enemies
with the stroke of the sword, and slaughter,
and destruction, and did f what they would
unto those that hated them.

6 And in Shushan the palace the Jews
slew and destroyed five hundred men.

7 And Parshandatha, and Dalphon, and
Aspatha,

8 And Poratha, and Adalia, and Arida-
tha,

9 And Parmashta, and Arisai, and Ari-
dai, and Vajezatha,

10 •'The ten sons of Haman the son of
Hammedatha, the enemy of the Jews, slew
they ; ' but on the spoil laid they not their
hand.

11 On that day the number of those that
were slain in Shushan the palace fwas
brought before the king.

12 IT And the king said unto Esther the
queen, The Jews have slain and destroyed
five hundred men in Shushan the palace,
and the ten sons of Haman ; what have they
done in the rest of the king's provinces? now
''what is thy petition? and it shall be granted
thee : or what is thy request further ? and it
shall be done.

13 Then said Esther, If it please the king,
let it be granted to the Jews which are in
Shushan to do to-morrow also 'according
unto this day's decree, and flet Haman's
ten sons "be hanged upon the gallows.

14 And the king commanded it so to bo
done : and the decree was given at Shushan;
and they hanged Haman's ten sons.

15 For the Jews that were in Shushan
"gathered themselves together on the four-
teenth day also of the month Adar, and slew
three hundred men at Shushan ; "but on the
prey they laid not their hand.

16 But the other Jews that were in. the
king's provinces p gathered themselves toge-
ther, and stood for their lives, and had rest
from their enemies, and slew of their foes
seventy and five thousand, "ibut they laid nof
their hands on the prey,

17 On the thirteenth day of the month
Adar ; and on the fourteenth day t of the
same rested they, and made it a day of feast-
ing and gladness.

461



The two days of Purim

18 But the Jews that were at Shushan
assembled together 'on the thirteenth day
thereof, ai^d on the fourteenth thereof; and
on the fifteenth day of the same they
rested, and made it a day of feasting and
gladness.

19 Therefore the Jews of the villages,
that dwelt in the unwalled towns, made the
fourteenth day of the month Adar "a day of
gladness and feasting, ' and a good day, and
of " sending portions one to another.

20 IT And Mordecai wrote these things,
and sent letters unto all the Jews that were
in all the provinces of the king Ahasuerus,
both nigh and far,

21 To establish this among them, that they
should keep the fourteenth day of the month
Adar, and the fifteenth day of the same,
yearly,

22 As the days wherein the Jews rested
from their enemies, and the month which
was y turned unto them from sorrow to joy,
and from mourning into a good day : that
they should make them days of feasting and
joy, and of ^sending portions one to another,
and gifts to the poor.

23 And the Jews undertook to do as they
had begun, and as Mordecai had written
unto them;

24 Because Haman the son of Hammeda-
tha, the Agagite, the enemy of all the Jews,
*had devised against the Jews to destroy
them, and had cast Pur, that is, the lot, to
t consume them, and to destroy them ;

25 But t *" when Esther came before the
king, he commanded by letters that his wicked
device, which he devised against the Jews,
should "return upon his own head, and that
he and his sons should be hanged on the
gallows.

26 Wherefore they called these days Pu-
rim after the name of || Pur. Therefore for
all the words of ^ this letter, and of that
which they had seen concerning this matter,
and which had come unto them,

27 The Jews ordained, and took upon



ESTHER.



Before
CHRIST

about 509.


Before
CHRIST

about 509.


r ver. 11, 15.


e ch. a 17.
Isai. 56. 3,

Zoch. 2. 11.

tHeb.

pass.


s Deal. 16.
11, 14.




tch.8.17.

u ver. SB.
Neh. 8. 10.
12.


tHeb.
pa^s.
t Heb.
be ended.



Online LibraryHenry Davenport NorthropThe Holy Bible, containing the Old and New Testaments → online text (page 107 of 249)