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abbesses, prioresses, and other ecclesiastical governors and
governesses of such monasteries, abbacies, priories, nun-
neries, colleges, hospitals, houses of friars, and other
religious and ecclesiastical houses and places, which here-
after shall happen to be dissolved, suppressed, renounced,
relinquished, forfeited, given up, or come to the king's
highness, and such as pretend to be founders, patrons, or



LXiv] HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH CHURCH 287

donors of such monasteries, abbacies, priories, nunneries, 1539.

colleges, hospitals, houses of friars, and other ecclesiastical

houses and places, or of any manors, messuages, lands,

tenements, or other hereditaments to the same belonging,

or to any of them, their heirs and successors, and the heirs

and successors of every of them — all such right, title, claim. Exception

interest, possession, rents, charges, annuities, leases, farms^ savhig ^'

offices, fees, liveries and livings, portions, pensions, corro-

dies, commons, synods, proxies, and other profits which

they or any of them have, claim, ought, may, or might have

had in or to the premises, or to any part or parcel thereof,

in such-like manner, form, and condition, to all intents,

respects, constructions, and purposes, as if this Act had

never been had nor made ; rents services, rents seek, and all

other services and suits only except.

Provided always, and be it enacted by authority afore- Leases,
said, that if any late abbot, prior, prioress, abbess, or other ^^'(^^ ^
ecclesiastical governor or governess abovesaid, within one abbots,
year next before the dissolution, suppression, renounc- jj^q^^^j^,
ing, relinquishing, forfeiting, giving up, or coming to the property,
king's highness, of his late monastery, abbacy, priory, ^^^r f°he
nunnery, college, hospital, house of friars, or other religious dissolu-
or ecclesiastical house or place, has made any lease or ^^°^' ^°
grant under his convent or common seal, or otherwise, for
term of life or for term of years, of the site, circuit, and
precinct of his said late monastery, abbacy, priory, nun-
nery, college, hospital, house of friars, or other religious or
ecclesiastical house or place, or of any part thereof, or of
any manors, messuages, granges, lands, tenements, parson-
ages appropriate, tithes, pensions, portions, or other heredita-
ments which belonged or appertained to his said late
monastery, abbacy, priory, nunnery, college, hospital,
house of friars, or other religious or ecclesiastical house or
place, which manors, messuages, granges, lands, tenements,
parsonages appropriate, tithes, pensions, portions, or other



288 DOCUMENTS ILLUSTRATIVE OF THE [lxiv

1539. hereditaments were not before the same lease commonly
used to be set nor let to farm, but kept and reserved in the
manurance, tillage, or occupation of the said governor or
governess, for the -maintenance of hospitality and good
house-keeping, or within one year, as is abovesaid, has
made any lease or grant for term of life, or for term of
years, of any manors, messuages, lands, tenements, meadows,
pastures, woods, parsonages impropriate, tithes, pensions,
portions, churches, chapels, or other hereditaments, what-
soever they be, whereof, or in the which, any estate or interest
for term of life, year or years, at the time of the making of
any such grant or lease, then had its being or continuance,
and then was not determined, finished or expired, or within
the time of one year, as is abovesaid, has made any lease
or grant for term of life, or for term of years, of any manors,
messuages, lands, tenements, meadows, pastures, woods,
parsonages appropriate, tithes, pensions, portions, churches,
chapels, or other hereditaments, whatsoever they be, upon
the which leases and grants the usual and old rents and
farms, accustomed to be yielded and reserved by the space
of twenty years next before the first day of this present
Parliament, is and be not thereupon reserved and holden,
or if any such governor or governess has made any bargain
or sale of his woods within one year, as is afore limited,
which woods be yet growing and standing ; that then all and
every such lease, grant, bargain, and sale of wood or woods
shall be utterly void and of none effect.
Feoff- And it is also enacted by the authority aforesaid, that all

ofrnonastic f^o^i^ients, fines, and recoveries had, made, acknowledged,
property or suffered by any governor or governess, without the king's
abbol ^ licence under his great seal, within one year next before the
within one dissolution, renouncing, relinquishing, forfeiting, giving up,
dSolu-*^ ^^ °^ coming unto the king's highness, of his said monastery,
tion, to be abbacy, priory, nunnery, college, hospital, house of friars,
^°^ * or other religious or ecclesiastical house or place, or any



LXiv] HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH CHURCH 289

manors, meases, lands, tenements, or other hereditaments 1539.
whatsoever they be, which the said late abbot, prior, abbess,
prioress, and other ecclesiastical governors and governesses,
or any of them, or any of their predecessors, had or held, of the
gift, grant, or confirmation of our said sovereign lord, or of
any of his highness's progenitors, or of the which monasteries,
abbacies, priories, nunneries, colleges, hospitals, houses of
friars, or other religious or ecclesiastical houses or places
our said sovereign lord was founder or patron, or which
manors, meases, lands, tenements, or other hereditaments
were of the ancient or old foundation or possession of
the said late monasteries, abbacies, priories, nunneries,
colleges, hospitals, houses of friars, or other religious or
ecclesiastical houses or places, shall be utterly void and of
none effect.

And it is further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that Leases
if any abbot, prior, abbess, prioress, or other ecclesiastical ^^Q^g ^^.
governor or governess of any monastery, abbacy, priory, ofmonas-
nunnery, college, hospital, house of friars, or other religious ^l^l^°
or ecclesiastical house or place, which hereafter shall happen pressed
to be dissolved, suppressed, renounced, relinquished, for- ^.^^^ *
feited, given up, or come to the king's highness within one
year next before the first day of this present Parliament, have
made, or hereafter do make, any lease or grant under his
convent or common seal, or otherwise, for term of years, or
life or lives, of the site, circuit, and precinct of his said
monastery, abbacy, priory, nunnery, college, hospital, house
of friars, or other religious or ecclesiastical house or place,
or of any part thereof, or of any manors, messuages, lands,
tenements, parsonages appropriate, tithes, pensions, portions,
or other hereditaments belonging or appertaining to his
said monastery, abbacy, priory, nunnery, college, hospital,
house of friars, or other religious or ecclesiastical house or
place, which manors, meases, granges, lands, tenements,
parsonages appropriate, tithes, pensions, portions, and other

u






290 DOCUMENTS ILLUSTRATIVE OF THE [lxiv

1539. hereditaments, whatsoever they be, were not, before the
same lease, commonly used to be set nor let to farm, but
kept and reserved in the manurance, tillage, or occupation
of the said governor or governess, for the maintenance of
hospitality and good house-keeping, or now be in the
manurance, tillage, or occupation of the said governor or
governess, for the maintenance of hospitality and good
house-keeping, or within one year next before the first day
of this present Parliament, has made, or hereafter shall
make, any lease or grant for term of life, or for term of
years, of any manors, meases, lands, tenements, meadows,
pastures, woods, parsonages appropriate, tithes, pensions,
portions, churches, chapels, or other hereditaments, what-
soever they be, whereof, and in the which, any estate or
interest for term of life, year or years, at the time of the
making of any such grant or lease, then had its being or
continuance, or hereafter shall have its being or continu-
ance, and then was not determined, finished, or expired, or
at the time of any such lease to be made shall not be
determined, finished, or expired, or within one year next
before the first day of this present Parliament has made, or
hereafter shall make, any lease or grant for term of life,
or for term of years, of any manors, messuages, lands,
tenements, meadows, pastures, woods, parsonages appro-
priate, tithes, pensions, portions, churches, chapels, or other
hereditaments, whatsoever they be, upon which leases and
grants the usual and old rents and farms accustomed to be
yielded and reserved by the space of twenty years next
before the said first day of this present Parliament, is or
be not or hereafter shall not be thereupon reserved and
yielded, or if any such governor or governess of any such
monastery, abbacy, priory, nunnery, college, hospital, house
of friars, or other religious or ecclesiastical house or place,
which hereafter shall happen to be dissolved, suppressed,
renounced, relinquished, forfeited, given up, or come to the



LXiv] HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH CHURCH 291

king's highness within one year next before the first day of 1539.
this present Parhament, has made, or hereafter shall make,
any bargain or sale of his woods, which woods be yet
growing and standing ; that then all and every such lease,
grant, bargain, and sale of wood or woods shall be utterly
void and of none effect.

And it is also enacted by the authority aforesaid, that all Feoff-
feoffments, fines, and recoveries had, made, knowledged, or p^en^ts,&c.,
suffered within one year next before the first day of this of religious
present Parliament, or hereafter to be had, made, know- J^^^ses to

^ ' ' ' be sup-

ledged, or suffered by any governor or governess of any pressed to
monastery, abbacy, priory, nunnery, college, hospital, house ^^ '^°^^'
of friars^ or other religious or ecclesiastical house or place,
which hereafter shall happen to be dissolved, suppressed,
renounced, relinquished, forfeited, given up, or come to the
king's highness, without the king's licence under his great
seal, of any manors, meases, lands, tenements, or other
hereditaments, whatsoever they be, which the said abbots,
priors, abbesses, prioresses, and other ecclesiastical governors
and governesses, which hereafter shall happen to be dis-
solved, suppressed, relinquished, forfeited, given up, or
come unto the king's highness, as is aforesaid, or any of
them, or any of their predecessors had or held, or have and
hold, of the gift, grant, or confirmation of our said sovereign
lord, or of any of his highness's progenitors, or of the which
monasteries, abbacies, priories, nunneries, colleges, hos-
pitals, houses of friars, or other religious and ecclesiastical
houses and places our said sovereign lord is founder or
patron, or which manors, meases, lands, tenements, or other
hereditaments were or be of the ancient or old foundation
Dr possession of the said monasteries, abbacies, priories,
lunneries, colleges, hospitals, houses of friars, or other
eligious or ecclesiastical houses or places, shall be utterly
roid and of none effect.
Provided alway, and be it enacted by authority aforesaid,

u 2



292 DOCUMENTS ILLUSTRATIVE OE THE [lxiv

1539. that if any abbot, prior, abbess, or prioress, or other governor
Proviso for or govemess abovesaid, within one year next before the

JG3SCS for

term of ^''st day of this present Parhament ; or if any late abbot,
years. prior, abbess, prioress, or other late governor or governess
abovesaid, within one year next before any such dissolution,
suppression, renouncing, relinquishing, forfeiting, giving up,
or coming to the king's highness of the premises, or of any
parcel thereof, as is aforesaid^, have made any demise, lease,
or grant to any person or persons for term of years, of any
manors, meases, lands, tenements, parsonages appropriate,
tithes, pensions, portions, or other hereditaments aforesaid,
which person or persons, at the time of the said demise,
lease, or grants had and held the same to farm for term of
years then not expired ; that then the said person or persons,
to whom any such demise, lease, or grant has been so made,
shall have and hold the same for the term of twenty-one
years only from the time of the making of the said demise,
lease, or grant, if so many years be by the same demise.,
lease, or grant specified, limited, and expressed, or else for
so many years as in such demise, lease, or grant be
expressed, so that the old rent be thereupon reserved, and
so that the same lease or leases exceed not twenty-one years;
this Act or anything therein contained to the contrary
notwithstanding.
Proviso for Provided also, and be it enacted by the authority afore-
term^of life ^^^^' ^^^^ ^^ ^"^ abbot, prior, abbess, prioress, or other late
or lives, governor or governess, within one year next before any such
dissolution, suppression, renouncing, relinquishing, forfeit-
ing, giving up, or coming unto the king's highness of the
premises, or any parcel thereof, as is aforesaid, have made
any demise, lease, or grant to any person or persons, fori
term of life or lives, of any manors, meases, lands, tene
ments, parsonages appropriate, tithes, pensions, portions, or
other hereditaments aforesaid, which person or persons,
or any of them, at the time of the said demise^ lease, or



Lxiv] HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH CHURCH 293

grant, had and held the same for term of Hfe or lives, or for 1539.
term of years then not expired ; that then the said person
or persons, to whom any such lease or grant has been so
made, shall have and hold the same for term of their life or
lives, so that the old rent be thereupon reserved, this Act or
any other thing therein contained to the contrary thereof
notwithstanding.

Provided also, and be it enacted by the authority afore- Proviso for
said, that all and singular leases and grants, made by copy {^^^^^^
to any person or persons, of any of the said messuages, by copy of
lands, tenements, parsonages appropriate, tithes, pensions, ^^^'^^ •
portions, or other hereditaments aforesaid, for term of life
or lives, which by the custom of the country hath been used
to be demised, let, or granted by copy of court roll, shall
be good and effectual in the law, so that the old rent be
reserved by and upon every such lease and leases ; this Act
or anything therein contained to the contrary in any wise
notwithstanding.

Provided ahvay, and be it further enacted by the authority Leases
aforesaid, that all leases heretofore made of any of the pre- ^JJ^^^
mises by authority of our sovereign lord the king's court of rolled in
augmentations of the revenues of his crown, and all such ^ / *^°"^'

° ' 01 aug-

leases, feoffments, and wood - sales made by the said mentations
governors and governesses, or any of them, under their ^^d be^"
convent seals, or under the convent or common seal of any good.
of them, within one year next before the dissolution, suppres-
sion, renouncing, relinquishing, forfeiting, giving up, or
coming to the king's highness of the said monasteries,
abbacies, priories, nunneries, colleges, hospitals, houses of
friars, or other religious or ecclesiastical houses or places,
which said leases, grants, feoffments, and wood-sales have
been examined, enrolled, decreed, or affirmed in our said
sovereign lord the king's court of augmentations, and the
decree of the same put in writing, sealed with the seal of the
said court of augmentations, shall be good and effectual



294 DOCUMENTS ILLUSTRATIVE OF THE [lxiv

1539. according to the same decree ; any clause or Act heretofore

in this present Act to the contrary notwithstanding.

Manner of Provided alway, and be it also further enacted by the

relief for authority abovesaid, that if any person or persons have

have truly justly and truly, without fraud or covin, paid or given any

P^'^ ^ sum or sums of money to any of the said late governors
money for ■' ■' °

wood to and governesses, for the bargain and sale of any woods,
the head bef^g or growing in or upon any manors, lands, tenements,
religious Or hereditaments which appertained or belonged to the
said late monasteries, abbacies, priories, nunneries, colleges,
hospitals, houses of friars, or other religious or ecclesiastical
places, or unto any of them, which bargain and sale by
authority of this Act is made void and of none effect, and
by means thereof the king's highness may have and take the
commodity and profit of such woods so bargained and sold;
that then the chancellor and other officers of our said
sovereign lord the king's court of augmentations, or three
of them, whereof the chancellor for the time being shall be
one, of our said sovereign lord the king's treasure remaining
in the treasury of the same court, shall satisfy and recom-
pense every such person or persons such sum of money,
or other recompense, as the same chancellor and officers, or
three of them, whereof the said chancellor shall be one,
shall think meet and convenient. And if any other person
or persons shall happen to take profit and commodity, by
reason of avoiding of such wood-sales by authority of this
Act, that then every person and persons, which may or
shall take such profit, shall be ordered for satisfaction to be
made to the parties that shall happen to be grieved by this
Act, by the said chancellor and other officers of the same
court.
Proviso for Provided also, and be it further enacted by the authority
of th ^^^^^ aforesaid, that all and every person and persons, their heirs
lands, &c., and assigns, which since the said fourth day of February,
o re igious t^^ licence, pardon, confirmation, release, assent, or consent



Lxiv] HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH CHURCH 21^^

of our said sovereign lord the king, under his great seal 1539.
heretofore given, had or made, or hereafter to be had or with the

kin&f's

made, have obtained or purchased by indenture, fine, feoff- licence,
ment, recovery or otherwise, of the said late abbots, priors,
abbesses, prioresses, or other governors or governesses of
any such monasteries, abbacies, priories, nunneries, col-
leges, hospitals, houses of friars, or other religious or
ecclesiastical houses or places, any monasteries, priories,
colleges, hospitals, manors, lands, tenements, meadows,
pastures, woods, churches, chapels, parsonages, tithes, pen-
sions, portions, or other hereditaments, shall have and enjoy
the same, according to such writings and assurances, as
are thereof, before the first day of this present Parliament,
or hereafter shall be had or made ;

Saving to all and every person and persons, and bodies A saving
politic, their heirs and successors, and to the heirs and °j„L^of
successors of every of them (other than the said late others,
abbots, abbesses, priors, prioresses, and other governors ^^^/"fj^gj^
and governesses, and their successors, and the successors of before the
every of them, and such as pretend to be founders, patrons, ^ ,
or donors of the said monasteries, abbacies, priories, nun-
neries, colleges, hospitals, and other religious or ecclesias-
tical houses or places, or any of them, or of any manors,
messuages, lands, tenements, or other hereditaments late
belonging to the same, or to any of them, and their heirs
and successors, and the heirs and successors of every ,

such founder, patron, or donor), all such right, title,
interest, possession, rents, annuities, commodities, offices,
fees, liveries and livings, portions, pensions, corrodies,
synods, proxies, and other profits, which they or any of
them have, ought or might have had, in or to any of the
said monasteries, abbacies, priories, colleges, hospitals,
manors, lands, tenements, rents, services, reversions, tithes,
pensions, portions, or other hereditaments, at any time
before any such purchase, indentures, fines, feoffments,



296 DOCUMENTS ILLUSTRATIVE OF THE [lxiv

1539, recoveries, or other lawful mean between any such parties
had or made, as is abovesaid ; this Act or anything therein
contained to the contrary notwithstanding.
Confirma- And where our said sovereign lord, since the fourth day of
king's title February, the said twenty-seventh year of the reign of our
to lands, said sovereign lord, has obtained and purchased, as well
chased and W exchanges, as by gifts, bargains, fines, feoffments, re-
exchanged coveries, deeds enrolled, and otherwise, of divers and sundry
Feb. 4 persons, many sundry and divers honours, castles, manors,
27 Hen. lands, tenements, meadows, pastures, woods, rents, rever-
sions, services, and other hereditaments, and has not only
paid divers and sundry great sums of money for the same,
but also has given and granted for the same, unto divers
and sundry persons, divers and sundry manors, lands,
tenements, and hereditaments, and other recompenses, in
and for full satisfaction of all such honours, castles, manors,
lands, tenements, rents, reversions, services, and other his
hereditaments, by his highness obtained or had, as is above-
said; be it therefore enacted by the authority aforesaid,
that our said sovereign lord the king, his heirs and succes-
sors, shall have, hold, possess, and enjoy all such honours,
castles, manors, lands, tenements, and other hereditaments,
as his highness, since the said fourth day of February, the
twenty-seventh year abovesaid, has obtained and had by
way of exchange, bargain, purchase, or other whatsoever
mean or means, according to the true meaning and intent
of his highness's bargain, exchange, or purchase ; misrecital,
misnaming or non-recital, or not naming of the said honours,
castles, manors, lands, tenements, and other hereditaments,
comprised or mentioned in the bargains or writings made
between the king's highness and any other party or parties,
or of the towns or counties where the said honours, castles,
manors, lands, tenements, and hereditaments lie and be,
or any other matter or cause whatsoever it be, in any wise
notwithstanding.



Lxiv] HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH CHURCH 297

Saving to all and every person and persons and to their 1539.
heirs, bodies politic and corporate, and to their successors, A saving

of the

and to every of them (other than such person and persons, right of all

and their heirs, and their wives, and the wives of every of others, but

u J- ,• • J . T. • ^ of the

them, bodies politic and corporate, and their successors, sellers,

and every of them, of whom the king's highness has their heirs

and wives,
obtained by exchange, gift, bargain, fine, feoffment, re-
covery, deed enrolled or otherwise, any such honours,
castles, manors, lands, tenements, and other hereditaments
as is aforesaid), all such right, title, use, interest, possession,
rents, charges, annuities, commodities, fees, and other
profits (rents services and rents seek only except) which
they or any of them have, might or ought to have had, in
or to the premises so obtained and had, or in or to any
parcel thereof, if this Act had never been had nor made ;
this present Act or anything therein contained to the con-
trary notwithstanding.

And where it has pleased the king's highness, of his Recital
abundant grace and goodness, as well upon divers and \.^ ^^^^
sundry considerations his majesty specially moving, as also granted
otherwise, to have bargained, sold, changed, or given and ^Q^Tst^ic
granted by his grace's several letters patent, indentures, property.
or other writings, as well under his highness's great seal, as
under the seal of his highness's Duchy of Lancaster, and
the seal of the ofiice of the augmentations of his crown,
unto divers and sundry of his loving and obedient subjects,
divers and sundry honours, castles, manors, monasteries,
abbacies, priories, lands, tenements, rents, reversions,
services, parsonages appropriate, advowsons, hberties, tithes,
oblations, portions, pensions, franchises, privileges, liber-
ties {sic\ and other hereditaments, commodities, and profits,
in fee simple, fee tail, for term of life, or for term of years,
for avoiding of which said letters patent, and of the con-
tents of the same, divers, sundry, and many ambiguities,
doubts, and questions might hereafter arise, be moved and



DOCUMENTS ILLUSTRATIVE OF THE [lxiv



1539.



Such

grants
sufficient
notwith-
standing
misrecital,
&c.



Stirred, as well for misrecital or non-recital, as for divers
other matters, things, or causes to be alleged, objected, or
invented against the said letters patent, as also for lack of
finding of offices or inquisitions, whereby the title of his



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