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Henry Harrisse.

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BRITAIN AT WORK






A PICTORIAL DESCRIPTION OF
OUR NATIONAL INDUSTRIES



ILL USTRA TED FROM
PHOTOGRAPHS, ETC.



CASSELL AND COMPANY, LIMITED

London^ Paris, New Tork cS- Melbourne. MC.MII



ALL RIGHTS RESERVED



CONTENTS.



BY



THE BUILDING OF A BATTLESHIP .

PREPARING THE LAND

THE MANUFACTURE OF LINEN ....
BRITAIN S UNDERGROUND WEALTH : COAL .

THE MANUFACTURE OF TOBACCO, CIGARS,
AND CIGARETTES

THE MALTING INDUSTRY

THE MANUFACTURE OF IRON AND STEEL .

BOOT AND SHOE MAKING

THE ABERDEEN GRANITE INDUSTRY .
THE SEA FISHERIES OF GREAT BRITAIN

THE POTTERY WORKERS

WORK ON A SEED FARM

THE STRAW HAT TRADE

HIS MAJESTY S MAILS

HOW GAS IS MADE

THE MANUFACTURE OF BISCUITS AND CAKES
RAILWAY ENGINEMEN AND THEIR WORK .

THE CUTLERY INDUSTRY

BARGE LIFE

THE MANUFACTURE OF WOOLLEN AND
WORSTED

BUTTER AND CHEESE MAKING ....

HOW PAPER IS MADE

OMNIBUS AND TRAMWAY TRAFFIC .

A CHAIR-MAKING TOWN

BEER-MAKING .,.,....

THE MATCH-MAKING INDUSTRY IN GREAT
BRITAIN

WELSH COTTAGE INDUSTRIES. I. QUILTING,
KNITTING, AND NETTING ,



H. W. WILSON .
JOHN WRIGHT SON .
ALFRED S. MOORE .
JOHN PEN D LET ON .

E. G. HARMER .
G. E. M. COWELL

JOHN PENDLETON .
MARTIN W. WRIGHT
VICTOR MITCHELL .
FRANCIS H, WOOD .
WILTON P. RIX .
HORACE J. WRIGHT
W. H. McNAMARA .
EDWARD BENNETT .

F. M. HOLMES .
H. L. ADAM

H. G. ARCHER .
JOHN WH I TAKER
F. M. HOLMES .

ARTHUR R. BYLES .
H. L. ADAM
W. W. HUTCHINGS .
P. F. WILLIAM RYAN
HUGH B. FHILPOTT
J. H. BARNES .

I. BROOKE ALDER .
MARY BARBER .



PAGE

5

12
18
25

3-2

39

44

5-2

58

G4

71

78

84

89

9G

101

107

114

120

126
134



147
154
159

1G7
174



IV



CONTEXTS.



BY



NEEDLE AND PIN MAKING . - JOSEPHINE BULLEN

LONDON S DOCKS H - L - ADAM

WOMEN TOILERS IN THE BLACK COUNTRY JOHN PENDLETON .

BEE FARMING G - F - MILLIN .

THE PRODUCTION OF A NEWSPAPER . . ALFRED H. WATSON

THE MANUFACTURE OF MUSTARD AND STARCH E. G. HARMER .

FIREMEN OF THE BRITISH ISLES .... BRIAN MORRIS .

THE MAKING OF BIG GUNS R. W. JOHNSON

HOW MONEY IS COINED E. G. HARMER .

THE MAKING OF LACE F. B. POINTON, B.A..

SOAP-MAKING JOHN MACLEAY

THE MARKETS OF THE METROPOLIS W. W. HUTCHINGS .

WITH THE RAILWAY SIGNALMEN . . . . H. G. ARCHER .

THE FURNITURE TRADE HUGH B, PHILPOTT .

THE BUILDING OF SHIPS ROBERT MACINTYRE

SWEETMEAT MAKING /. BROOKE ALDER .

WHERE GUNPOWDER IS MADE . . . . W. B. ROBERTSON .

COTTON AT PORT, IN MILL, AND ON CHANGE JOHN PENDLETON .

CLERKS P. F. WILLIAM RYAN

THE ART AND "MYSTERY" OF SCENE-PAINTING W. WHEELER .
EVERYDAY LIFE IN THE ARMY ....//. G. ARCHER .

THE PREPARATION OF TEA AND COFFEE . E. G. HARMER .

CARPET MANUFACTURE WILLIAM S. MURPHY

THE CAB INDUSTRY p. F. WILLIAM RYAN



WITH THE SALT WORKERS IN A CHESHIRE
MINE

THE MAKING OF WATCHES AND CLOCKS

THE MILK INDUSTRY

THE DOCKS OF LIVERPOOL. ....

WELSH COTTAGE INDUSTRIES. II. SPINNING
AND WEAVING

THE ENGINEERING INDUSTRY
STREET INDUSTRIES OF LONDON
EVERYDAY LIFE IN THE ROYAL NAVY



JOHN PENDLETON
E. G HARMER .
HENRY LEE
JOHN MACLEAY

MARY BARBER .
JOHN PENDLETON
T. W. WILKINSON
H. G. ARCHER .



PAGE
178

185
193
199
204
211
217
22i
232
237
244
250
25G
2G2
268
276
281
286
293
300
305
312
319
326

332
339
346
351

359
364
372
377



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.



LAUNCH OKA BATTLESHIP FROM DKVONPORT DOCK
YARD Frontispiece

THE BUILDING OF A BATTLESHIP:

An Early Stage in the Construction of a Battleship
View from the Bow of a Battleship during Construction .
Bird s-eye View of the Thames Ironworks Shipbuilding
Yard, showing Two Warships under Construction .
Ready to be Launched . . . .
Stern showing Barbette. Putting on the Armour .
Hoisting Boilers into a Man-of-War ....
Ready ior Orders .

PREPARING THE LAND :

Ploughing with Oxen in Sussex .....

Whoa. Steady ! "

Harrowing and Sowing . . ....

Ploughing

Manuring the Land on an Essex Farm ....

Rolling, Sowing, and Harrowing

Sowing with the Drill

Burning Weeds



IRELAND S CHIEF INDUSTRY. THE MANUFACTURE OK

LINKN :
Beaming the Warp Yarn ......

Winding the Warp Yarn

Towel and I Haper Weaving

Cutting Shirts and Collars ......

An Ulster Bleach Green

Stitching Gentlemen s Shirts

The Washing Department ......

Ironing Department .......

Hand- Loom Weaving Heavy Linen Sheeting 150 inches
wide ..........

Irish Peasant Woman at Work Embroidering Linen

BRITAIN S UNDERGROUND WEALTH : " How COAL is
BROUGHT FROM THE PIT TO WORKSHOP AND
FIRESIDE " :

A Moment s Chat by the Way

Hewer at Work ........

Pit Boys Guiding Trucks

At the Bottom of the Shaft

Pit- Brow Lassies Cleaning Coal .....

At the Pit Mouth

Collier Fleet Loading at Sunderland ....

Coaling a Liner ........

Coal Cart ..........

THE MANUFACTURE OK TOBACCO, CIGARS, AND

CIGARETTES :
Stripping Tobacco ........

Cutting Tobacco .......

I )rying Tobacco ........

Cigar Makers at Work .......

Making " Xavv Cut " Tobacco .....

Making Roll Tobacco

Packeting Machine Room ......

Cigarette Making

THE MALTING INDUSTRY :

A Maltster ,

Arrival of a Consignment of Barley

How the Barley Arrives by Rail . .

A " Steep"

" Ploughing" and " Turning" after " Ploughing .
Screening Malt .........

Shipping Malt

A Cartload of Barley

THE MANUFACTURE OF IRON AND STEEL:
Blast Furnaces, Derwent Iron and Steel Works

Platform of Steel Melting Furnaces

Bessemer Casting Pit

A Range ol Carburising Furnaces .....
Teeming Steel from Ladle



8

9

10
ii



14

i



18
18

19

20

20



28
2CJ
30
31



THE MANUFACTURE OK IRON AND STEEL (continued) : I-AGE

The Nasmvth Hammer at Work ..... 47

Rolling Steel Rails 48

Armour-Plate Machine at Work ..... 4 1 )

Bending Press ......... 4 )

A Consignment of Armour leaving Cvclops Works,

Sheffield . -50

Water Douche for Hardening Steel Armour ... 51

BOOT AND SHOE MAKING: -

Sawver Leather-measuring Machine . . . .52

In the Cutting-out Room : " Clickers " at Work . . 52

In the " Closing " Department 53

A Busy Scene in the " Bottoming" Department . . 54
Working the Recce Buttonhole Machine . . -55

Hand-Method Lasting Machine 55

In the Finishing Room ....... >0

Edge Setter at Work 57

Tying-up Machine ........ 57

THE ABERDEEN GRANITE INDUSTRY :

Rubislaw Granite Quarry, Aberdeen . . . .58

A 7-ton Block of Granite at the Dressing Shed . . 5<)

How the Granite is Polished . . . . . Oi

Pneumatic Carving Tools being Applied to a Celtic Cross

ot Grcv Granite ....... Or

Turning a Granite Column ...... 02

Setting Up a Granite Monument 63

THE SKA FISHERIES OK GREAT BRITAIN :

Fishing Boats Going Out ...... 64

Steam Trawler with Trawl Down ..... (14

Emptying the Net 05

A. Catch 60

Ferrying Fish from Trawler to Carrier : An Accident . 00

Fish Carrier Bound for Market ..... 67
Boats Coming Up to Put Fish on Carrier . . .67

A Big Bag of Fish 08

Tugging in a Disabled Trawler ... . 0<)

A Gigantic Catch of Fish : Gutting Fish in the Street . 70

Scotch Women Cleaning Fish, Aberdeen ... 70

THE POTTERY WORKERS :

A Busy Scene in the Glost Kiln Yards .... 71

Milling and Pugging Clay 72

" "Throwing" . . . . . . . . .72

In the Modelling Room ....... 73

Pressing 73

Making Plates and Saucers . .... 74

Making Toilet, Dinner, and Fancy Ware . . -75

Printing and Transferring ...... 75

Gla/ing : The Dipping Tubs 76

Decorating (Hand Painting) ...... 77

Finished Goods in the Warehouse ..... 77

WORK ON A SEED FARM :

Five Miles of Pea Trials 78

Cutting Cabbages lor Seeding Purposes .... 78

Selecting Turnip Roots for Seed ..... 71)

Stacking Mangolds 7g

I. A Stack of Carter s Delicatesse Radish. II. Growing
Tomatoes for Seed. in. A Field of Dwarf Sweet

Peas. iv. Bagging Clover Seed .... 80

A Field of Onions Growing for Seed 8l

Women Hand-picking Peas ...... 82

A House of Suttons Primulas at Reading ... 82

Selecting Marrows for Seed Purposes . . . N;

Selecting Corn for Seed 83

THE STRAW HAT TRADE :

Straw Plait Room 84

Machining Straw Hats 85

Blocking Straw Hats 85

In a Straw Hat Show-Room 86

George Street, Luton : Cases of Goods Waiting for Col
lection 87

" Empties " in the Great Northern Railway Goods Yard,

Luton 88

Bute Street, Luton 88



VI



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.



HlS M A i|-s| y s M All - :

The Travelling Post Office

The Most Northerly Post Office in the Kingdom
A Great Provincial Post Office (Leeds) .

(letting Readv for the Mail

Delivering the Mails on Board a Fishing Smack
The Soldiers Post Bag ......

A Rural Postman

Shipping the Mails at Dover .....

How < ; \s is MADE :

Drawing the Retorts ......

Ouenching the Coke ......

Charging Retorts by Machinery ....

" Washer and Scrubber " .....

Sifting and Picking the " Pree/e .

THE MANUFACTURE OF BISCUITS AND CAKES:
Breaking Up the Lard and Hutter .
Dough Coming Out of the Mixer . . . . .

Rolling the 1 >ough and Laying Out Hand-made Biscuits
Readv for Baking .......

Baking Biscuits ........

Cutting Ice Wafers

Icing Hiscuits .........

Sorting and Packing Biscuits ......

RAILWAY ENGJNEMKX AND THEIR WORK :

Readv to Start . . .

On the Journey from Loudon to Taunton . . . .

Firing Up ..........

Oiling an Engine when Running at Express Speed.

Picking Up Water at the. Goring Troughs

Rushing Past a Station .......

An Express Locomotive Receiving its Fuel

A Goods Locomotive being Hauled into the Sheds .

Overtaking a Goods Train ......

Over the Bridge to Glasgow

THE CUTLERY INDUSTRY :

A Forger at Work

Marking Maker s Name on Blade and Setting the Blade
Making the Bolster in the " Prints " . . . .

Grinders at Work

Grinding Table Knives .......

Cutler at Work

Hafting Table Knives

An Ivory Store

BARGE LIKE :

A Young Bargee .

Barges in the " Pool " of London

Barges on the Thames .......

Passing under London Bridge

Five Minutes Gossip . .

Passing through a Lock

A Familiar Canal Scene . . . .

THE MANUFACTURE OF WOOLLEN AND WORSTED :

Arrival of the Wool

Wool Sorters at Work

Washing Wool

Preparing the Wool ......

Combing .......

" I rawing ".....

" Roving " .....

Weaving Operators at Work in a Great Yorkshire
I artory ......

Spinning ........

Warping

BUTTER AND CHEI-SE MAKING:

Irish Farmers Bringing Milk for Butter Makin"

Filling a Milk Tank

Milk Passing through Refrigerator. Butter on Revolving

Worker. Working a Large Churn .
Devonshire Butter-Makers at Work
Irish Farmers Delivering Milk for Butter M

Cappamore .....
Cheese Making in Cheshire
The Cheese in the Presses
Corner in Storc-Room. A Factor Testing Cheese

How PAPER is MADE :

Ray Sorting House, Croxley Paper Mills
Sheds where the Pulp is Stored
Arrival Wharf, Sittingbourne .
Beater House, Croxley Paper Mills! 1



98
99

100



IOI

102



;iu\v I APER is MADE (continued) :
The Paper Machine, Croxley Paper Mills
Paper Machine Room, Old Mill. Sittingbourne
Paper Sorting House, Croxley Mills . . . .
Readv for Use. A Big Store of Paper . . . .

OMNIBUS AND TRAMWAY TRAFFIC:
A Veterinary Surgeon Examining Horses
The Forage Depot of the London General Omnibus Co.
The London General Omnibus Company s Stables .
Work at the Forge of the Road Car Company
Sacking Forage a* Tilling s ......

The Building Shop ol the London General Omnibus Co.
Omnibuses at Piecadillv Circus .....

Glasgow Corporation Tram ......

A Shepherd s Bush Tram ......

A London Countv Council Tram: The Rush for Seats

Electric Tram at Hull

A Familiar Scene in London, Policeman Regulating the
Traffic



1 AGE

43
44
45



47
148
148



104



I 2O
121
122

12;

- 4
124



128
128

I2()
J30

i 31
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,il ;



134

134



37
[38

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[39



140
4i
141



A CHAIR-MAKING TOWN :

Sawing Logs for Chair Legs ......

Splitting Logs lor Chair Legs ......

Turning Chair Legs in a Cottage .....

Machine Room ........

Framing Room ........

On the Road to London .

BEER-MAKING :

The Malt Room (Messrs. Whithread s Brewerv) .
Ivxterior of Mash Tun (Messrs. Barclay, Perkins and

Co. s Brewerv) . . ...

Interior of Mash i un (Messrs. Watnev s Brewerv)
The Big Copper (Messrs. Whitbread s Brewerv)
The ( upper Statue (Messrs. Barclay s Brewery)
The Cooling Loft (Messrs. Barclav s Brewery)
Cleaning Out Interior ol Fermenting Vat (Messrs.

Barclay s Brewerv) .......

Men Skimming Vats (Messrs Truman, Hanbury, Buxton

and Co. s Brewerv) .......

The Ponto Room (Messrs. Watnev s Brewery)
Racking Machine (Messrs. Watney s Brewery)
1 lie Racking Floor (Messrs. Truman, Hanbury, Buxton

and Co. s Brewery) .......

THE MATCH-MAKING lynusruY IN GREAT BRITAIN :
Filling Frames Ready for Dipping .

Filling Frames with Wax Strands .....
Dipping Matches : Phosphorus Workers on the Roof

Sifting Wooden Matches

Making Wooden Boxes for Matches ....

Home Workers: Match-box Makers Taking Away Work

WELSH COTTAGE INDUSTRIES: I.OUII.TIXG, KNITTING,
AND NETTING :

Ouilters at Work

Machine Knitter at Work

I land Knitter ....... . .

Stocking Stall in a Welsh Market

Making Agricultural Nets .... . .

NEEDLE AND PIN MAKING :

Rubbing Needles . . . .

Pointing Needles . . . . ,

Stamping Needles

Piercing Fives of Needles ......

Scouring Needles ........

Machine I landing and Finishing .....

Pin Making : Wire Drawing . . . ...

Pin-making Machine

Whitening

Sticking Pins ......

LONDON S DOCKS :

The West India Import Dock

Unloading Corn

At the London Docks : Buyers Sampling Wool
Landing Wines and Spirits . .

Unloading in the London Docks

St. Katharine s Dock . . .

Ivory Store at the Docks

A Dock Ferry . .

WOMEN TOILERS IN THE BLACK COUNTRY. AMOXG
THE NAIL, CHAIN, AND BRICK MAKERS.:

Girl at the Bellows : Chainmaking

Bending the Rod: Chainmakinc



153



11)2
11)2

16 3

164

[(14



166



74
175

] 75
170

J77



178

178
J7<J
179

180
181
182
182
183
184



185

]86

18?

1 88
189



192



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.



vn



WOMEN TOILERS IN THK BLACK COUNTRY (fontinxeJ) : PAGE

Nailmakcrs at \Vork ....... 1114

Woren Making Retorts ....... 195

Women Brickmakers at Work. ..... n<)7

Women Brickmakers Loading Barges .... 198

BEE FARMING: AN INTERESTING COTTAGE IN

DUSTRY :

Bee Farming: Showing the Hives ..... I()9

Dipping Boards in Molten Wax ..... K)<I

Indenting the Wax Strips ....... 2OO

Using the " Smoker " ....... 2OO

Examining a f live of Bees ...... 201

Taking a Swarm of Bees ....... 202

The Honey Extractor ....... 203

THE PRODUCTION OK A NEWSPAPER:

In the Sub-Editors Room, Daily Xt-.c s Office. . . 204

The Linotype Room, Daily Telegraph Office . . . 205

Type-setting by Hand, Morning Post Office . . . 200

The Times Stereotyping Room ..... 207

Printing l.lovd s Newspaper ...... 2OcS

The Publishing Office of the JJtiilv A .r/i/Y.sv? . . . 2C()

Loading a Newspaper Train ...... 2IO

THK MANUKACTURK OK MUSTARD AND STARCH :

The Mustard Harvest ....... 21 1

Mustard Oil Press ...... .211

Silting Mustard ......... 212

Boys Making Mustard Tins ...... 213

Girls Filling Penny Tins ol Mustard .... 214

Interior ol Starch House . . . . . . .215

Making Starch Boxes . . . . . . . 2i(>

Filling Starch Boxes ....... 21(1

FlRKMKN OK THK BRITISH Isi.KS :

Firemen at Drill : Dropping into the Sheet . . .217

Rescue Drill at Headquarters ...... 218

A Typical London Fireman ...... 2l<)

Off to a New Station ....... 2K)

Headquarters of the London Fire Brigade . . .221

Presentation of Medals to Firemen ..... 222

London County Council s Fire Float .(//>//<? . . . 223

THK MAKING OK BIG GUNS :

Hydraulic Forging Press . . . . . . . 224

Forging a Gun Tube ....... 225

Rough-turning a Gun Barrel in Turning Machine . 22(1

Wiring a Big Gun ........ 227

The Great Crane at Woolwich ..... 229

A Wired Gun Placed in Position for Rilling . . . 230
After P.arbette of H.M.S. ( tiiiiperilo n-ii : Snowing 67-ton

Guns and Machine Guns ...... 231

How MONKY is COINED: A VISIT TO THK ROYAL

MINT:

The Gold Melting Room . . . ..... 232

Rolling Fillets ......... 233

Marking Machine ........ 233

Coining Presses ........ 234

The Annealing Room ....... 234

The Counting Machine ....... 235

The Weighing Room ....... 230

THE MAKING OK LACK : ONE OK THK MOST INTRICATE

OK BKITMN S INDUSTRIES:

An Irish Lace Class, Ardara ..:... 237

Devonshire Lace Makers ....... 23!-!

Draughtsmen at Work: Designing Lace Curtains . . 2^9
A L;u e Machine . . . . . . . .24:

Bleaching .......... 242

Dressing .......... 24^

Lace " Menders " at Work ...... 243

SOAP MAKING :

The Laboratory at Port Sunlight (Messrs. Lever Brothers

Works) . . . . ..... 244

\ iews ol the Wharf, Port Sunlight ..... 245

Soap Boiling Room ........ 24!)

Soap Cooling Room ........ 247

Stamping Toilet Soap ....... 24S

1 trying Soap in Bars ...... . 248

Packing Soap ......... 241)



MARKETS OK THK METROPOLIS (continued) :

Smithlield Meat Market .......

Leadenhall Market ........

Covent ( iarden Market ... ...

WITH THE RAILWAY SIGNALMEN:

Train Boy Booking Trains, London Bridge . . .
Signal Box " North Cabin," London Bridge . . .
Waterloo " A " Signal P.ox ......

Clapham Junction at Night ......

Driver and Signalman Exchanging Tallies . . .
Signalling with Flag .......

THE FURNITURE TRADE:

Furniture Designers at Work at Messrs. Waring s Studio

The Machine Room, Greem.ck Cabinet-Making Co. s

Works ....... . .



I-A<;K

253
254

25-

256
257
258
259
260
261



262
263



S OK THE METROPOLIS:

At Billingsgate Market . . ....

Karly Morning at Billingsgate ......

The Friday Market: An Interesting Feature of the
Metropolitan Cattle Market, Islington . . .



Wood-Carving by Machinery (Messrs. Herrmann s Works) 264

Upholsterers at \Vork at Mr. C. V. Smith s Factory . 265

Cabinet-Making: Inlaying (Mr |. S. Henry s Works) . 2tx">

Wood-Carving by Hand (Mr. J. S. Henry s Works) . 260
A Busy Scene at Messrs. Shaplaiul and Petter s Works,

Barnstaple . . . . . . . . . 207

THE: Bun. DING OK SHIPS:

The Mould Loft, Messrs. Doxford and Sons Yard, Sun-

derland . . . . . . . . . 2(>

Midship Framing of an Ocean Liner .... 2(K)

Bow Framing ol an Ocean Liner ..... 269

Riveting Frames and Beams with Pneumatic Tools . 270

Riveting Centre Girder of a Turret Vessel . . . 271

Plate Rolls 271

Caulking Ship s Shell with Pneumatic Caulker . . 272

Drilling Beam Knees with Electric Tools . . . 27 }

Bending Frames for Turret Vessel ..... 273

A Great Liner Nearly Ready for Launching at Belfast . 274

Launching a Turret Vessel 275

Turret Vessel on Trial Trip ...... 2"jZ

SWEETMEAT MAKING :

Sugar- Wafer Making 276

A Starch Room 277

French Cream Room . . -. . . . . 278

The Liquorice Room ....... 2/8

Chocolate Crushing Machine ...... 279

Covering Sweets with Chocolate ..... 280

Packing Boxes With Chocolate 280

WHERE GUNPOWDER is MADE:

The Charcoal Factory : (. barging the Cylinders . . 281

Incorporating Mills ........ 2S2

Refining Saltpetre : The Agitators ..... 2X2

The Mill . . . 2X2

The Cartridge Factory . ..... . . .283

Filling Cartridges 2X4

Packing Gunpowder ........ 285

COTTON AT PORT, IN MILL, AND ON CHANGE:
Unloading Gorton in No. 7 Dock, Manchester Ship

Canal . . 2F6

A Cotton-mixing Room

Winding Frames . . . .
Spinners at Work in a Lancashire Cotton Mill
Si/ing Room . . . . .

Weavers at the Looms

A Weaving Shed

A Sheeting Weaving Shed .....

CLERKS :

A Banister s Clerk ......

A " Walk " Clerk

A Magistrate s Clerk, Marylebone Police Court

A Town Clerk (Battersea) .....

A Lady Typist at Work

Interior of" I looking Office, London Bridge Station .

Clerks Stamping Envelopes at Somerset House

Lady Clerks at a London Post Office .

Clerks at Work in a Shipping Oltice. ....

THE ART AND "MYSTERY" OK S< E:NK PAINTING:
A Scene-Painter s Palette. ......

A Scene-Painter at Work

Grinding the Colours .......

In a Scene-Painter s Studio (showing the bridge and the

method of raising and lowering it)
Shifting the Scenes .......

A Scene-Painter ( Mr. Ryan) at Work ....

A Finished Scene : Mr. Ryan s Studio ....



287
288
2S,X
289
291
29!
292



203

293
294

295
2t)t>
297
298



3OO
3OI
3OI

302
303
303
304



Vlll



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.



K.VKKYI AY I.IKE IN THK AKMY:

Raw Material for the British Army : Recruits at St.
(icor^i -. I -arracks .....

Engineers Laving a Siege Railway

In a Military "Hiding School

In the ( ivmnasium

Gordon Highlanders making Kilts .

Lecture on the Anatomy of a Horse .
Interior of Bakery, Army Service Corps .
Outpost Signalling ...

THK I KKPAKA I H>\ (II- I l-.A AND CoKKKK:

Bulking Tea (Cutler Street Warehouse) .

Re-nailing Ta after Sampling

Weighing the Tea and Inscribing the Weight .
Cutting and Mixing Machine at Messrs. Traver s Wharl
Filling, Weighing and Packing Tea at Messrs. Traver s

Wharf . .... ...

Automatic Weigher at Messrs. Traver s Wharf
Husking Coffee at the London Docks .
Hand-Picking Coffee I .erriesat tlie London Ducks.
Coffee Roasting ami Cooling (_ Messrs. W. Field and

Sons, Southwark)

(irindimj Coltee . ........



CAKPKT M AMI u : i KK :

Brussels Carpet : Perforating the Cards .

Crompton Axminster Loom

The Setting" Department of the Crompton Axminster
C.ii pet Plant .... ...

Working the Crompton Axminster Loom

Shed with Brussels Looms

Large Hand Loom for Axminster Carpets

THK CAT. INDUSTRY :

Building Cabs ..... ...

Testing Cab 1 )rivers .... . .

Cab Washers at Work

" Changing Horses "

Cleaning Lamps ........

A Cabman s Shelter ........

A Familiar Street Scene

On the Rank



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3 12
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3 4
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WlTH THK S.\1T \\ ()KKKKS IN A ClIKSHIKK MlNK
Subsidence of a House at Xorthwich
Brine Running into Cistern .....

Salt Pan

I hawing Salt Out of Pan

Making Salt Squares ......

Falling Hard Salt in Warehouse ....

Warehousing Salt .......

Bagging Salt for Shipment ......

I ,o. tiling Salt ........

THK MAKING OK WATCHES AND CLOCKS:

Kscapement Maker

A " Jeweller "........

A " Finisher" ........

Pinion Cutting .

Making Cases (or Clocks ......

Wheel-Cutting Machine

Putting the Movements Together ....
Bell-casting Room .......



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1 )ocks from



THE MILK INDUSTRY :

Milkers at Work ....
Loading l"p at a Dairy Farm .
Arrival in London ....
At Work in the Laboratory
1 lespatching Milk ....
At the Railway Station

THK DOCKS OK LIVERPOOL :
The s.s. Campania at Liverpool
Bird s-eve View of the Liverpool

Waterloo Tower .......

Klcctric Overhead Railway

Waterloo Grain Houses .......

I nloading Sand at the Docks ......

Liverpool Docks . ....

The Oil Sheds and the Flectric Railway
The Landing Stage, Liverpool . . . . .

A Liverpool Cargo Boat ......

WELSH COTTAGE INDUSTRIES. II. SI-INNING AND

W HAVING :

Old Welsh Spinning Wheel

Machine Spinner (Old Style) ......

Cottage Hand Loom .......

Spooling Machine ........

Carding Machine ........

Drying Wool and Yarn on Bushes
Welsh Flannel Stalls, Carmarthen IV



irket



THE F.NGINKKKING INDUSTRY:

The Manchester Ship Canal

Swing Bridge over the Weaver

The Steam Navvy at Work

Calico Printing Machine .......

A (ireat Steam Dynamo .......

The New Floating Dock for Bermuda ....

Two Views of the Forth Bridge,

London and North- Western Railway Four-Cylinder
Compound Passenger Engine .....

Constructing a Railway

Scenes in a Great Engineering Works ....
The F.ddvstonc Lighthouse

STKHKT INDUSTRIES OK LONDON :

A Street Musician

( irecngrocer .........



Online LibraryHenry HarrisseBritain at work; a pictorial description of our national industries → online text (page 1 of 39)