wards his senior.
!. With such supports, on his part, it would bo as idle for me, as it
would be against the dignity of my years, to be filing daily complaints
against an ambitious junior, who, independent of the extreme advan
tages alluded to, has, unquestionably, very high qualifications for military
command. I trust they may achieve crowning victories in behalf of the
3. I have, in my letter to you of the 9th inst., already said enough on
the, to others, disgusting subject of my many physical infirmities. I
will hero only add that, borne down as I am by them, I should un
avoidably be in the way, at head-quarters, even if my abilities for war
were now greater than when I was young.
I have the honor to be, Sir, with high respect,
Tour obedient servant,
A DRAFT URGED BY GENERAL McCLELLAN.
General Scott, very soon after this correspondence, was
allowed to retire from active service, in accordance with his
request, and General McClellan succeeded to the command of
the Army of the Potomac. His attention was first given to
recovering the disaster of Bull Hun, and placing the army
again on a footing for the speedy resumption of hostilities.
The defeat of July, and the danger with which that defeat for
the moment seemed to menace the capital, had aroused the
most intense enthusiasm throughout the country, and volun
teers were pouring into Washington with great rapidity.
Under these circumstances, General McClellan wrote to the
President as follows :
WASHINGTON, August 20, 18G1.
SIR: I have just received the inclosed dispatch in cipher. Colonel
Marcy knows what ho says, and is of the coolest judgment. I recom
mend that the Secretary of War ascertain at once by telegram how the
enrollment proceeds in Xew York and elsewhere, and that, if it is not
OX THE ADVANCE OF OUR ARMIES. 489
proceeding with great rapidity, drafts to be made at once. We must
have men without delay.
Respectfully your obedient servant,
GEORGE B. MCCLELLAN, Maj.-Gen. U. S. A.
DISPATCH FROM COL. R. B. MARCT TO GENERAL M CLELLAN.
NEW YORK, August 20, 1861.
I urge upon you to make a positive and unconditional demand for an
immediate draft of the additional troops you require. Men will not vol
unteer now, and drafting is the only successful plan. The people will
applaud such a course, rely upon it. I will be in Washington to-morrow.
R B. MABCY.
THE PRESIDENT S SUGGESTION FOR AN ADVANCE IN
The following is a copy of a memorandum marked by the
President, as having been made by him about the first of
December, 1 861. It was while the army under McClellan was
lying in front of Washington, and while the Government and
the whole country were impatient for an advance upon the
rebel army encamped at Manassas.
If it were determined to make a forward movement of the Army
of the Potomac, without awaiting further increase of numbers, or bet
ter drill and discipline, how long would it require to actually get in
[Answer in pencil by McClellan : " If bridge trains ready by De
cember 15 probably 25th."]
After leaving all that would be necessary, how many troops could
join the movement from southwest of the river?
[Answer in pencil, "71,000."}
How many from northwest of it ?
[Answer in pencil, " 33,000."]
Suppose, then, that of those southwest of the river [supplied in
pencil " 50,000,"] move forward and menace the enemy at Centerville?
The remainder of the movable force on that side move rapidly to
the crossing of the Occoquan by the road from Alexandria vowarda
Richmond ; there to be joined by the whole movable force from north
east of the river, having landed from the Potomac just below the mouth
of the Occoquan, move by land up the south side of that stream, to the
crossing point named; then the whole move together, by the road
thence to Brentville, and beyond, to the railroad just south of its cross
ing of Broad Run, a strong detachment of cavalry having gone rapidly
ahead to destroy the railroad bridges south and north of the point.
If the crossing of the Occoquan by those from above be resisted,
those landing from the Potomac below to take the resisting force of the
enemy in rear; or, if landing from the Potomac be resisted, those
crossing the Occoquan from above to take that resisting force in rear.
L ? oth points will probably not be successfully resisted at the same time.
The force in front of Centerville, if pressed too hardly, should fight
back into the intrenchments behind them. Armed vessels and trans
ports should remain at the Potomac landing to cover a possible retreat.
The following reply is in General McClellan s handwriting
dated Washington, December 10, and marked ^confidential:"
T incloso the paper you left with me filled as you requested. In
arriving at the numbers given I have left the minimum numbers in
garrison and observation.
Information recently leads me to believe that the enemy would meet
us in front with equal forces nearly and I have now my mind actually
turned towards another plan of campaign that I do not think at all
anticipated by the enemy, nor by many of our own people.
GEORGE B. MCCLELLAN.
This is doubtless in allusion to his project of transferring
the army to the York River, and advancing upon Richmond
by that line.
THE POSITION OF KENTUCKY.
Reference is made on page 480 to the efforts of the Presi
dent to prevent Kentucky and other Border Slave States from
joining the Rebel Confederacy. General McCIcHan, while in
command of the Department of the Ohio, had entered into an
agreement with General Buckner by which the substantial
neutrality of that State was recognized and resprcted. And
THE PRESIDENT AND KENTUCKY. 491
in August, 1861, .Governor Magoffin had urged the removal
by the President of the Union troops which had been raised
and were encamped within that State.
To this request he received the following reply :
WASIIIXGTON, D. C., August 24, 1861.
To His Excellency B. MAGOFFIN, Governor of the State of Kentucky :
SIR: Your letter of the 19th inst., in which you " urge the removal
from the limits of Kentucky of the military force now organized and in
camp within that State," is received.
[ may not possess full and precisely accurate knowledge upon this
subject, but I believe it is true that there is a military force in camp
within Kentucky, acting by authority of the United States, which force
is not very large, and is not now being augmented.
I also believe that some arms have been furnished to this force by
the United States.
I also bjlievo that this force consists exclusively of Kentuckians,
having their camp in the immediate vicinity of their own homes, and
not assailing or menacing any of the good people of Kentucky.
In all I have done in the premises, I have acted upon the urgent
solicitation of many Kentuckians, and in accordance with what I be
lieved, and still believe, to be the wish of a majority of all the Union-
loving people of Kentucky.
While I have conversed on the subject with many eminent men of
Kentucky, including a large majority of her members of Congress, I do
not remember that any one of them, or any other person, except your
Excellency and the bearers of your Excellency s letter, has urged me to
remove the military force from Kentucky or to disband it. One other
very worthy citizen of Kentucky did solicit me to have the augmenting
of the force suspended for a time.
Taking all the means within my reach to form a judgment, I do not
believe it is the popular wish of Kentucky that the force shall be re
moved beyond her limits ; and, with this impression, I must respectfully
decline to remove it.
I most cordially sympathize with your Excellency in the wish to
preserve the peace of my own native State, Kentucky, but it is with re
gret I search for and cannot find, in your not very short letter, any de
claration or intimation that you entertain any desire for the preservation
of the Federal Union,
THE PRESIDENT TO GENERAL McCLELLAN.
President LINCOLN addressed the following letter to General
McClellan after the latter had landed his forces on the Penin
sula in the spring of 1862. It relates to several points in
which the General s action had already excited a good deal
of public uneasiness, and been made the subject of public com
ment, though the letter itself has never before been made
FORTRESS MONROE, May 9, 18G2.
MY DEAR Sm : I have just assisted the Secretary of War in forming
the part of a dispatch to you, relating to army corps, which dispatch,
of course, will have reached you long before this will. I wish to say
a few words to you privately on this subject. I ordered the army corps
organization not only on the unanimous opinion of the twelve generals
of division, but also on the unanimous opinion of every military man
1 could get an opinion from, and every modern military book, yourself
only excepted. Of course, I did not on my own judgment pretend to
understand the subject. I now think it indispensable for you to know
how your struggle against it is received in quarters which wo cannot
entirely disregard. It is looked upon as merely an effort to pamper one
or two pets, and to persecute and degrade their supposed rivals. I have
had no word from Sumner, Heintzelman or Keyes. The commanders
of these corps are of course the three highest officers with you, but I
am constantly told that you have no consultation or communication
with them, that you consult and communicate with nobody but Fitz
John Porter, and perhaps General Franklin. I do not say these com
plaints are true or just ; but, at all events, it is proper you should know
of their existence. Do the commanders of corps disobey your orders
in any thing ?
When you relieved General Hamilton of his command the other day,
yon thereby lost the confidence of at least one of your best friends in
the Senate. And here let me say, not as applicable to you personally,
that Senators and Representatives speak of me in their places as they
please without question ; and that officers of the army must cease ad
dressing insulting letters to them for taking no greater liberty with
them. But to return, are you strong enough, oven with my help, to
set your foot upon the neck of Sumner, Heintzelman, and Keyes, all at
once? This is a practical and very serious question for you.
Yours truly, A. LINCOLN.
Arbitrary Arrests, action of Govern
ment, 339; debute in Congress, 327.
Arkansas, President s letter to General
Steele, 455; President s letter about
Convention, 450; election and adop
tion of a Free State Constitution, 457.
Banks, takes Port Hudson, 3S2; proclam
ation for an election in Louisiana, 454.
Battle of Bull Kim, 61. 154 ; of Williams-
burg, 235 ; of Seven Pines and Fair
Oak s, 244; of Fredericksburg, 376; of
Gettysburg. 379; of Vicksburg, 382;
of Tullahoma, 383; of Chattanooga,
389 ; defeat at Olustee, 458.
Blair, F. P. Jr., reappoiutiuent as Major-
Border States, reply of the members to
President s address, 192; Hon. Mr.
Maynard s reply, 194.
Buchanan, official action on Secession,
56; last message, 03; dissolution of
bis Cabinet, 64; message on Secession,
Burnside, General, succeeds McCIellan
in Army of Potomac, 281 ; battle of
Fredericksburg, 376 ; arrests Vallan-
digham, 351 ; second attempt on Fred
ericksburg, 377 ; relieved from com
mand, 377; defence of Knoxville, 300.
Cabinet, dissolution of Buchanan s, 64 ;
organization of Lincoln s, 121 ; resigna
tion of Secretary Cameron, 205.
Cameron, resignation of, as Secretary of
War, 205: President s message con
Colonization, President s views on, 1S4;
President s interview with colored
men on, 468 ; attempts to colonize New
Grenada, 472 ; colony to Isle a Vache,
Colfax, elected Speaker of House of Eep-
Compromise, Crittenden s, 66; special
committee of Congress on, 63; report
of resolutions by committee, 68 ; adop
tion of the resolutions, 70.
Confederacy organization of the Bebefr
Government, 59; objects of the Con
federacy stated by Mr. Stephens, 62.
Confiscation Bill, 153 ; debate in Con
gress on, 196; its provisions, 199;
supplementary resolution, 200; mes
sage approving, 201.
Congress, appoints committee on Com
promise, 6S ; adoption of Compromise
resolution, 70; action on amendment
of Constitution, 70 ; action on Critten-
den resolution and Peace Conference,
76; meeting in extra Session, July 4,
1861, 138; adoption of resolution on
the objects of the War, 152; bills on
confiscation employment of slaves,
153; meeting in December, 1861, 162;
effect of Bulfliun defeat on legislative
action of, 181 ; abolishes slavery in
Territories, 133; abolishes slavery in
District Columbia, 183; approves com
pensated emancipation, 16; debate on
Confiscation Bill, 196; the Currency
Bill, 195; meeting, December, 1S62,
303; debate on arbitrary arrests, 327;
admission of members from Louisiana,
336; meeting, December, 1S63, 416;
debates of, 1863, 434 ; action on slavery,
435,; passage of Conscription Bill, 33L
Constitution, amendment forbidding in
terference with slavery, 70; amend
ment abolishing slavery, 435.
Crittemlen Compromise, 66 ; resolution
declaring the objects of the War, 152.
Curtis, General, appointed to command
in Missouri, 398 ; his removal, 399.
Democratic Party, its position at time of
election, 1860,54; success in State elec
tions of 1862, defeat in 1863, 414.
England, instructions to our Minister at
outbreak of the Rebellion, 133; protest
against her recognition of the Kebels
as belligerents, 135; the Trent affair,
162 ; stoppage of rebel rams, 441.
Emancipation. President s reply to Chi
cago Committee on, 212 ; Proclamation
of September, 1S62, 215; Proclamation
of January, 1808, 218; in Missouri,
Eire-lion of President, 53; State elec
tions of 1862, State elections of 1863,
Fremont, appointed to Department of
the West, order of emancipation, 393;
President s revocation of order, 161 ;
removal from command of Western
Department, 894; agreement with
Price, 894; popular demonstrations in
favor of, 896; asks to be relieved, 268.
Fi-anee, offer of mediation, 297 ; reply of
Mr. Seward, 29 b ; our relations with,
Florida, expedition of General Gillmoiv,
457 ; defeat at Olustee, 458.
Greeley, President Lincoln s letter to,
Gettysburg, battle of, 879 ; President s
proclamation of victory, 381; dedica
tion of Cemetery, 381.
Grant, General, siege and capture of
Vicksburg, 882; appointment as Lieu-
Hunter, General, his order abolishing
slavery in. South Carolina, 188; Lin
coln s letter to, in Missouri, 394.
Halleck, letter to McClellan on the neces
sity of aiding Pope, 260; letter about
his leaving the Peninsula, 260; orders
McClellan to advance after Anlietam,
280; letter about fugitive slaves, 292.
Habeas Corpus, iirst instance of suspen
sion, 341 ; action of the Government,
339; proclamation suspending, 348;
proclamation on subject, 367.
Hooker, General, succeeds General Burn-
side in Army of Potomac, 377 ; is re
lieved from command, 379.
Invasion proposed rebel invasion of the
North, 129; invasion of Pennsylvania
by General Lee, 378.
Kilpntrick raid to Richmond, 459.
Knoxville, siege of, raised, 390.
% Lincoln, Abraham, life and career, 13;
nomination at Chicago, 45; election to
the Presidency, 53; speech at Spring
field, 78; at Tolono, 79; at Indiana
polis. 79; before Legislature of Indi
ana, 80 ; at Cincinnati, 81 ; at Columbus,
88; atSteubenville. 84; at Pittsbun:. S4;
before Common Council of Pittsburg,
85; at Cleveland. 83; at Buffalo, 89; at
Rochester, 91 ; at Utica, 92; at Albany,
92; at Troy, 94; at Hudson. 95; at
Poughkeepsie, 95; at Peekskill, 96; at
Astor House, New York, 96; to Re
publican Association, 97; at City Hall,
99; at Jersey City, 100; at Newark,
100; at Trenton, 101; at Philadelphia,
103; at Independence Hall, 104; at
Lam-aster. 106; at Harrisburg, 106;
at Washington, 109; at Washington,
about McClellan, 286; at serenade in
Washington, Sept. 24. 1*62, 306; at fair
in Washington, 465; at fair in Balti -
more, 466; to workingrnen of New
York, 463; at Gettysburg. 381; at
Washington, on victories of Gettys
burg and Vicksbunr, 385; departure
for Washington. 108; inauguration, 111;
inaugural address, 112; message, extra
session, July, 1861, 188; First Annual
Message, Dee., 1861, 165; message rec
ommending aid to States emancipating
slaves, 184; message approving bill
to abolish slavery in District of Co
lumbia, 184; message approving confis
cation bill, 201 ; message on blockade
of Southern ports, 208; second annual
message, 1862, 808; message recom
mending aid for emancipation, 319;
message on the currency, 332 ; third an
nual message. 1863, 416; proclamation
for 75,000 troops, 123 ; of blockade, 128 :
revoking Gen. Hunters order, 188; of
emancipation, September, 1862,215; of
emancipation, January, 1863, 218; for
Thanksgiving, April 10, 1862, 289; to
the rebels, 294; concerning the Sab
bath, 806; suspending habeas corpus,
318, 367; about nation*! forces bill,
369 ; of victory at Gettysburg, 381 ;
for Thanksgiving, July, 1863, 386;
Thanksgiving for victories in East
Tennessee, 390; Thanksgiving, Oct. 3,
1863, 890; acclamation of amnesty,
430; explanatory proclamation of am
nesty, 483; for 300.000 volunteers, 486;
letter to Gov. Hicks, of Md., 125; to
Gov. Bradforo, of Md., 126; to Gen.
Fremont revoking his order, 161 ; to
H. Greeley, 210; to McClellan concern
ing an advance on Richmond, 224; to
M.-CK-llan about retaining Blenker,
229 ; to McClellan about strength of his
army, 282 ; to McClellan about McDow
ell. -}:>7; to McClellan about withhold
ing McDowell, 240 ; to McClellan about
Jackson, 241 ; to McClellan about Han
over Junction. 248 ; in reply to McClel
lan, 250; about re-enforcements after
seven days battles. 253 ; on the strength
of McClcllan sarrny, 257; to McClellan
after Anlietam, 279; to McClellan about
horses, 2S3; to .Fernando Wood, 805; to
committee of Albany meeting, 354; to
committee of Ohio Convention. 362 ; to
Gov. Seymour on the draft, 372 ; second
letter on same subject, 374; dispr.tches
to Chicago, 375; letter of thanks to
Gen. Grant, 386; to Gen. Hunter on
taking command in Missouri, 394: to
Gen. Sehofield, 399 ; to committee from
Missouri, 4o3 ; on church quarrels in
Missouri, 409; to Union convention in
Illinois, 411 ; on payment of bounties,
136; to House of Representatives on
Gen. Blair, 439; on aiding people of
East Tennessee. 440; to editor of N. A.
Review, 449; to Gov. Shepley on elect
ing members of Congress in La., 452 ;
to Gen. Steele, of Arkansas. 455; about
Arkansas Convention, 456; to Gen.
Gillmore about Florida, 457; to work-
ingme.n of Manchester, 461 ; to work-
ingmen of London, 462>; to working-
men of N. Y., 463 : to Christian Com
mission, 465; to Mr. Hodge, of Ken
tucky, 4S1 ; to Gov. Magortin. of Ky.
( App .). 492 ; to Gen. McClellan on the
formation of army corps (App.), 494;
interview with authorities of Aid., 127;
address to members of Congress from
Border States. 190 ; reply to Commis
sioners of Virginia, 131 ; remarks on ar
rest of Md. Legislature, 344; draft of a
bill to aid emancipation, 194: reply to
Chicago committee on emancipation of
slaves. 212; interview with radicals of
Missouri, 400 ; reappoihtment of Gen.
Blair, 439 ; declines to recognize Km-
^ pire of Mexico, 447; theory of recon
struction. 449 ; reply to application of
Louisiana planters, 454 ; interview with
colored men at Washington, 468; mem
oranda concerning an advance of the
armies in 1S61, (App.) 491; order for
advance of U. S. armies, 223; for ad
vance of Army of Potomac, 224 ; to
leave Washington properly defended,
226; authorized to issue letters of
marque, 337 ; general estimate of his
Louisiana, admission of members of Con
gress, 336; movements for re^organiza-
tion, 452; President s letter to Gov.
Shep .ey, 452; application for authority
to calfa Convention, 453; application
of planters to the President, 453 ; Pres
ident s reply. 454 ; Gen. Banks s pro
clamation ordering an election, 454;
election of Gov. Hahn, 455.
Meade, Gen., succeeds Hooker, 379 ; lights
at Gettysburg, 380.
Mexico, the new empire, 444; Mr. Sew-
ard s letter on. 445 ; President declines
to recognize, 447 ; resolution of House
of Representatives, 448.
McClellan, appointed commander-in-
chief, 222 ; report of rebel strength at
York town, 230; movement to the
Cliickahominy, 236; reports of Wil-
liainsburg, 235: wants McDowell to
join him by water, 238: letter of ad-"
vice to the "President, 250; ordered to
withdraw from the Peninsula, 259; or
dered to superintend forwarding of re-
enforcements to Pope, 263; his failure
to aid Pope, 264; suggests that Pope
be left to "get out of his scrape," 1 271
stops Franklin s advance, 272; failure
to pursue Lee after Antietam, 279-
ordered to advance, 2SO ; letter to Pres
ident about Gen. Scott, 488; advises a
draft in 1861, 490.
Missouri, condition of the State at out
break of the rebellion, 392 ; emancipa
tion in, 397; appointment of Gen. Cur
tis, K98; President s dispatch about,
398 ; Gen. Schofield s appointment, 399 ;
President s instructions to, 407 ; his
removal. 408; President s interview
with radicals of, 401 ; abolition of slave
ry in, 401 ; mass convention, 402 ; Pres
ident s letter to Mo. committee, 403;
President s letter on church contests,
404; President s letter to Gen. Hunter,
National Milttin-w-passage of the con
scription bill, 331; its provisions, 368;
President s proclamation concerning,
369 ; draft and riots in N. Y., 371 ; Gov.
Seymour s correspondence with the
President, 372: President s dispatches
to Chicago, 375.
Ohio nomination of Vallandigham for
Governor, 362; his defeat, 414.
Peace Conference, its action, 71 ; action
of Congress on it, 76.
Presidential Election, popular and elec
toral vote, 55.
Mosruder. the robel general s report of
rebel strength at Yorktown. 233.
Maryland, passage of troops through Bal
timore, 125 ; President s correspond
ence with Gov. Hicks, 125; President s
interview with authorities. 127 ; arrest
of members of the Legislature, 344.
Maynard, Hon Horace, reply to Presi
dent s address on emancipation, 194.
Eeconstruction, President s movements
towards and message on, 416; letter
to N. A. Keview, 449 ; proclamation
for,451 ; movements towards, in Louisi
ana, 452 ; movements in Arkansas, 457.
Riots in N. Y., 371.
Scott, retirement of General, 156 ; letter to
Secretary of War about McGlellan
(Ann.), 487 ; second letter on same sub
Schoftold, appointment to Western De
partment, 399 ; President s instructions
to, 407 ; removal from command, 408.
Secession conspiracy at Washington, 58;
Mr. Stephens s speech against it, 60.
Secession of South Carolina, 57.
Secession of Virginia, 132.
Sevvard, instructions to our minister in
England, 133; reply to French offer of
mediation. 298 ; diplomacy of 1863,441 ;
letter to Mr. Adams on danger of war
with England, 442 ; letter on the Mex
ican question, 445.
Seymour, Gov. of N. Y., correspondence
with President on the draft. -372.
Sherman, General, expedition from
Slavery and Slaves relations of slavery
to the rebellion, 151 ; employment of
slaves, bill in regard to, 153 ; President s
views regarding fugitive slaves, 158;
abolition in Territories, 183 ; abolition
in District of Columbia, 183 ; resolution
approving President s policy of aiding
emancipation in States, 186; adoption
in both Houses, 187; negroes author
ized to be employed in army, 204; ac
tion of military commanders concern
ing, 291 ; Halleck s letter about slaves,
States, relation of rebel States to the
general government, 329.
Slate Prisoners, executive order relative
to, 845; order releasing, 850; appoint
ment of a commission on, 847; case of
Stephens, A. H., speech against seces
sion, 60; statement of objects of the
Sumter, bombardment of Fort, 122.
Taussig, James, his account of an inter
view with the President, 401.
Vallandigham, his arrest, trial, and sen
tence, 351 ; President s letter to Alba
ny meeting concerning, 354; Presi
dent s letter to Ohio meeting concern
ing, 362 ; nominated for Governor of
Ohio, 362 ; is defeated, 414.