Henry J. (Henry Jarvis) Raymond.

Lincoln, his life and times : being the life and public services of Abraham Lincoln, sixteenth President of the United States, together with his state papers, including his speeches, addresses, messages, letters, and proclamations, and the closing scenes connected with his life and death (Volume 2) online

. (page 39 of 41)
Online LibraryHenry J. (Henry Jarvis) RaymondLincoln, his life and times : being the life and public services of Abraham Lincoln, sixteenth President of the United States, together with his state papers, including his speeches, addresses, messages, letters, and proclamations, and the closing scenes connected with his life and death (Volume 2) → online text (page 39 of 41)
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of their murderous designs, are to receive five thousand dollars each.
Here is a pretty state of affairs; and I fear those are not the only
ones that they intend wreaking their vengeance upon, and you must


take immediate steps to convey this to Mr. Seward and General
Sherman, as I feel positive it is true, for the party that divulged to
me has the greatest confidence in me, and would not have said such
a thing to me were it not true. They think by getting rid of Mr.
Seward that it will be utterly impossible to get another as able to
fill his place, as they say, so rabid for the utter annihilation of the
Southern cause. And Sherman being the only real General that
we have got, if he could be got rid of, the task is an easy one, as
there is no Yankee, to use their expression, to be found that can
fill his place. And only see the ingenuity of the rebels here; they
have caused to be circulated, and it is quite current, that General
Sherman is dead. This is done for the sole cause to prepare the
public mind to receive his death beforehand, so as that they may
not be taken by surprise. It is from beginning to end a deep laid
plot, and the Devil himself is no match for them. I have given you
all the facts so far as I know, and at once, as I considered it my
duty so to do as soon as possible, so that you may convey it to Wash-
ington with all dispatch. I don't know this Johnston, or I would
describe him, so that he might be arrested at once, but to my knowl-
edge I have never seen him. Cooper came last night, and to-day
spent an hour with me. On leaving he said he would return and
dine with me. but about an hour since I learned that he went off
in haste to Cherbourg. I don't know what's up there, as I have
heard nothing from them; but there must be something in the wind.
Friday a courier was sent off as I stated to you, as I was asked to
go; but being ill I could not, and to-day. Cooper leaving so sud-
denly, looks suspicious. I can give you a full description of Clark
at once if you wish it. I am better, and quite able to undertake
the journey to Bordeaux or FeTol, but as yet keep myself in doors,
so that I may not be called on to go anywhere for them before I
hear from you : then I can excuse myself for a few days in the
country, so as to be able to get to Bordeaux. I hope you have re-
ceived my note on Saturday eve, and written me to-day. If I am

to go to B there is no time to be lost. If you have not written

me before you receive this, send me twenty pounds, so that I may
be prepared for any emergency. Hoping that all of the first of the
note will be received at Washington in time to frustrate the hellish
designs, I am truly yours, B.

Paris. March 14, 1865.

Dear Sir; — Yours of yesterday came duly to hand this morning,
and I answer in as brief a manner as possible to its contents in
every particular, as you request.

The ram, at Bordeaux, leaves that port to go to Germany, where
report says she is to be sold to the Prussian Government. So did
the other — now the Stonewall, in Confederate hands, laying at Ferrol.
Spain— leave Bordeaux, for the use of .the Danish Government.
They must use strategy to get them out of a French port— once out.
they can do as they please with her. I am perfectly satisfied, and I
believe it beyond a question of doubt, that the ram now at Bor-
deaux belongs to, and is intended for the use of the rebels, and
will go into their hands, if not directly, indirectly, . especially if


there is any pressure used by the French Government. But my
opinion is, this Government will only wink at her departure. I have
repeatedly (being one of the order of the Sons) heard the above
things discussed, from time to time, by McCulloch, DeLeon, Heustis,
Macfarlan, and others of the secret order. The captain of the Stone-
wall, Captain Page, is here, and has been for some days (I forgot
to mention this in my last), as well as several of the officers of the
late rebel steamer Florida, and I believe they leave to-day. The
Stonewall is lying at Ferrol, and the Niagara is at Corunna — two
different harbors, but not far apart. I hear nothing as to when
they intend to leave Ferrol, but this much I have learned — that
when they are ready to go to sea, they will run one to Corunna,
where the Niagara is, and demand of the Spanish Government twen-
ty-four hours' detention of the Niagara, so as to enable them to put
to sea. But if Commodore Craven adopts the plan I suggested
when I last saw him, this plan of theirs will be easily evaded. Clark
I believe to be the real name of the party of whom I wrote you in
my last; he has been hanging on here for some time. They could
have no possible object in imposing on me in this particular. That's
his business, and both he and Johnston have gone, for the avowed
purpose, as I have before stated to you, of taking the lives of Mr.
Seward and General Sherman. I have not the least doubt but that
there are others watching for the same opportunity. The opinion
is with many of them here, that Mr. Seward is de facto the Presi-
dent, and does just as he pleases, and were it not for him, they
could come to some amicable arrangement. It would be useless
for me to repeat to you all that I hear on the subject, and the argu-
ments pro and con. This Clark, I believe, has some other mission
as _ well as that of seeking the life of General Sherman. He is in
height about five feet nine inches, rather slender, thin in flesh, high
cheek bones, low forehead, eyes dark and sunken, very quiet, seldom
or ever speaks in company unless spoken to, has a large dark-
brown mustache, and large, long goatee; hair much darker than
whiskers, and complexion rather sallow. While here wore gray
clothes and wide-awake slouch-hat. He is a Texan by birth, has a
very determined look, and from all appearances, I should judge,
would, if possible, accomplish whatever he undertakes. The other
man, Johnston, I know nothing of, as he was only here some three
or four days — he came from Canada, via Liverpool — nor would it
be prudent for me to make any inquiries concerning him, under
the circumstances, as, if anything ever transpires, and he was taken,
suspicion from that fact might point to me. And I beg that on no
occasion will you ever make use of my name, so that they could get
any clue to me; if you did, from that moment my fate would be
sealed, especially as I have bound myself to their cause, under so
fearful an oath. I once entertained a very high opinion of the South-
erners, but from recent facts and events I have changed those opin-
ions, and now my firm belief is, that they would stop at no act,
if necessary to accomplish their dear, cherished Confederation. The
offer, five thousand dollars, is a good one, and there is to be found
plenty who would gladly catch at it. You cannot for one moment
have the slightest idea of their feelings towards the North, and it


increases as their struggle becomes more desperate. The heads here
are in daily consultation, and what is there discussed I have no
means of ascertaining. It was Cooper who told me of these two
men going on their diabolical mission, or I perhaps should never
have heard of the matter at all, and I considered it my duty to
convey to you the facts as I got them, at once, so that, if possible,
their designs might be thwarted, and every precaution taken that
was necessary; for I repeat again what I have already done to you
before : they are bent on destruction, and will not stop at any ob-
ject, even to the taking of life, so as to attain their ends — and mark
me, Mr. Seward is not the only one they will assassinate. I have
heard some fearful oaths, and it's war to the teeth with them. I feel
confident that there is some secret understanding between them and
the Emperor of this Government; at least I am given to under-
stand so. The death of the Duke de Morny has deprived them of
an interview with the Emperor, which was to have taken place, if
I am rightly informed, on Sunday last. My sickness has prevented
me from being fully posted to all recent movements, but I am in
hopes that my health will in a short time be fully re-established, and
after my return from Bordeaux, I shall be in possession of all move-
ments. I have written at some length, but required, as you requested
a full explanation of the foregoing facts. Be kind enough to see that
my name is not used at Washington, for there are plenty on the
sharp lookout there, and it would be heralded back here, and it
might prove fatal for me. I believe I cannot add anything more at
present. You did not send me all I requested; please send it at once
to Bordeaux by return of mail. I leave for Bordeaux to-night, and
will do as you request.

Believe me truly yours,



War Department, Washington, April 15, 1 130 a. m.
Major-General Dix, New York:

This evening, at about 9:30 p. m., at Ford's Theatre, the President,
while sitting in his private box with Mrs. Lincoln, Mrs. Harris, and
Major Rathburn, was shot by an assassin, who suddenly entered the
box and approached behind the President.

The assassin then leaped upon the stage, brandishing a large
dagger or knife, and made his escape in the rear of the theatre.

The pistol-ball entered the back of the President's head and pene-
trated nearly through the head. The wound is mortal.

The President has been insensible ever since it was inflicted, and
is now dying.

About the same hour an assassin, whether the same or not, en-
tered Mr. Seward's apartments, and, under pretence of having a pre-


scr.ption, was shown to the Secretary's sick chamber. The assassin
immediately rushed to the bed and inflicted two or three stabs on
the throat and two on the face.

It is hoped the wounds may not be mortal. My apprehension is
. hat they will prove fatal.

The nurse alarmed Mr. Frederick Seward, who was in an adjoin-
ing room, and he hastened to the door of his father's room, when he
met the assassin, who inflicted upon him one or more dangerous
wounds. The recovery of Frederick Seward is doubtful.

It is not probable that the President will live through the night.

General Grant and wife were advertised to be at the theatre this
evening, but he started to Burlington at six o'clock this evening.

At a Cabinet meeting, at which General Grant was present, the
subject of the state of the country and the prospect of a speedy peace
were discussed. The President was very cheerful and hopeful, and
spoke very kindly of General Lee and others of the Confederacy, and
of the establishment of government in Virginia.

All the members of the Cabinet, except Mr. Seward, are now in at-
tendance upon the President.

I have seen Mr. Seward, but he and Frederick were both uncon-
scious. Edwin M. Stanton, Secretary of War.

War Department, Washington, April 15, 3 a. m.
Major-General Dix, New York:

The President still breathes, but is quite insensible, as he has been
ever since he was shot. He evidently did not see the person who shot
him, but was looking on the stage, as he was approached from behind.

Mr. Seward has rallied, and it is hoped he may live.

Frederick Seward's condition is very critical.

The attendant who was present was shot through the lungs, and is
not expected to live.

The wounds of Major Seward are not serious.

Investigation strongly indicates J. Wilkes Booth as the assassin
of the President. Whether it was the same or a different person that
attempted to murder Mr. Seward remains in doubt

Chief-Justice Carter is engaged in taking the evidence.

Every exertion has been made to prevent the escape of the mur-
derer. His horse has been found on the road near Washington.

Edwin M. Stanton, Secretary of War.

War Department, Washington, April 15, 4:10 a. m.
Major-General Dix :

The President continues insensible, and is sinking.

Secretary Seward remains without change.

Frederick Seward's skull is fractured in two places, besides a severe
cut upon the head. The attendant ; s still alive, but hopeless. Major
Seward's wounds are not dangerous.

It is now ascertained with reasonable certainty that two assassins
were engaged in the horrible crime — Wilkes Booth being the one
that shot the President, and the other a companion of his whose
name is not known, but whose description is so clear that he can
hardly escape.


It appears, from a letter found in Booth's trunk, that the murder
was planned before the 4th of March, but fell through then because
the accomplice backed out until "Richmond could be heard from."

Booth and his accomplice were at the livery-stable at six o'clock
last evening, and left there with their horses about ten o'clock, or
shortly before that hour.

It would appear that they had for several days been seeking their
chance, but for some unknown reason it was not carried into effect
until last night.

One of them has evidently made his way to Baltimore; the other
has not yet been traced.

Edwin M. Stanton. Secretary of War.

War Department, Washington, April 15, 1865.

To Major-General Dix, New York:

Abraham Lincoln died this morning at twenty-two minutes
after seven o'clock.

Edwin M. Stanton, Secretary of War.


Unofficial Account of the last Moments of the President.

At twenty minutes past seven o'clock the President breathed his
last, closing his eyes as if falling to sleep, and his countenance as-
suming an expression of perfect serenity. There were no indications
of pain, and it was not known that he was dead until the gradually
decreasing respiration ceased altogether.

The Rev. Dr. Gurley, of the New York Avenue Presbyterian
Church, immediately on its being ascertained that life was extinct,
knelt at the bedside and offered an impressive prayer, which was re-
sponded to by all present.

Dr. Gurley then proceeded to the front parlor, where Mrs. Lincoln,
Captain Robert Lincoln, Mr. John Hay, the Private Secretary, and
others were waiting, where he again offered a prayer for the consola-
tion of the family.

The following minutes, taken by Dr. Abbott, show the condition of
the late President throughout the night: —

11 o'clock, pulse 44.

11:05 o'clock, pulse 45. and growing weaker.

11:10 o'clock, pulse 45.

11:15 o'clock, pulse 42.

11:20 o'clock, pulse 45, respiration 27 to 29.

11 :25 o'clock, pulse 42.

11:32 o'clock, pulse 48, and full.

11:40 o'clock, pulse 45.

11:45 o'clock, pulse 45, respiration 22.

12 o'clock, pulse 48, respiration 22.
12:15 o'clock, pulse 48, respiration 21.
Ecchymosis both eyes.


12:30 o'clock, pulse 45.

12:32 o'clock, pulse 60.

12:35 o'clock, pulse 66.

12:40 o'clock, pulse 69, right eye much swollen, and ecchymosis.

12:45 o'clock, pulse 70.

12:55 o'clock, pulse 80, struggling motion of arms.

1 o'clock, pulse 86, respiration 30.

1 :30 o'clock, pulse 95, appearing easier.

1 :45 o'clock, pulse 86, very quiet, respiration irregular, Mrs. Lincoln

2:10 o'clock, Mrs. Lincoln retired with Robert Lincoln to an ad-
joining room.

2:30 o'clock, President very quiet, pulse 54. respiration 28.
2:52 o'clock, pulse 48, respiration 30.

3 o'clock, visited again by Mrs. Lincoln.
3:25 o'clock, respiration 24, and regular.
3:35 o'clock, prayer by Rev. Dr. Gurley.

4 o'clock, respiration 26, and regular.
4:15 o'clock, pulse 60, respiration 25.
5:50 o'clock, respiration 28, regular.

6 o'clock, pulse failing, respiration 28.

6:30 o'clock, still failing, and labored breathing.

7 o'clock, symptoms of immediate dissolution.
7:22 o'clock, death.

Surrounding the death-bed of the President were Vice-President
Johnson; Secretaries Stanton, Welles, McCulloch, and Usher; Post-
master-General Dennison and Attorney-General Speed; Generals
Halleck, Meigs, Farnsworth, Augur, and Todd; Senator Sumner;
Rev. Dr. Gurley; Speaker Colfax; Ex-Governor Farwell; Judge
Carter, Judge Otto; Surgeon-General Barnes; Doctors Crane, Stone,
Abbott, and Hall; M. B. Field and R. F. Andrews.

War Department, Washington, April 15, 3 p. m.
Major-General Dix, New York:

Official notice of the death of the late President, Abraham Lincoln,
was given by the heads of departments this morning to Andrew
Johnson, Vice-President, upon whom the Constitution devolved the
office of President. Mr. Johnson, upon receiving this notice, ap-
peared before the Hon. Salmon P. Chase, Chief-Justice of the United
States, and took the oath of office as President of the United States,
and assumed its duties and functions. At twelve o'clock the Presi-
dent met the heads of departments in Cabinet meeting at the Treas-
ury building, and among other business the following was trans-
acted : —

First. The arrangements for the funeral of the late President were
referred to the several secretaries, as far as relates to their respective

Second. William Hunter, Esq., was appointed Acting Secretary of
State during the disability of Mr. Seward and his son, Frederick
Seward, the Assistant Secretary.

Third. The President formally announced that he desired to retain


the present secretaries of departments of his Cabinet, and they would
go on and discharge their respective duties in the same manner as
before the memorable event that had changed the head of the Gov-

All business in the departments was suspended during the day.

The surgeons report that the condition of Mr. Seward remains
unchanged. He is doing well.

No improvement in Mr. Frederick Seward.

The murderers have not yet been apprehended.

Edwin M. Stanton, Secretary of War.


Circular from the Provost-Marshal General.

War Department, Provost- Marshal General's Bureau.
Washington, D C, April 15, 9:40 a. m.
It is believed that the assassins of the President and Secretary
Seward are attempting to escape to Canada. You will make a careful
and thorough examination of all persons attempting to cross from
the United States into Canada, and will arrest suspicious persons.
The most vigilant scrutiny on your part and the force at your dis-
posal is demanded. A description of the parties supposed to be im-
plicated in the murder will be telegraphed you to-day; but in the
meantime be active in preventing the crossing of any suspicious

By order of the Secretary of War.

N. L. Jeffers, Brevet Brigadier-General. Acting Provost-Marshal


War Department, Washington, April 20, 1865.
Major-General John A. Dix, New York:

The murderer of our late beloved President, Abraham Lincoln, is
still at large. Fifty thousand dollars reward will be paid by this
Department for his apprehension in addition to any reward offered
by municipal authorities or State Executives.

Twenty-five thousand dollars reward will be paid for the apprehen-
sion of G. A. Atzerot, sometimes called "Port Tobacco," one of
Booth's accomplices. Twenty-five thousand dollars reward will be
paid for the apprehension of David C. Harold, another of Booth's
accomplices. A liberal reward will be paid for any information that
shall conduced the arrest of either the above-named criminals or
their accomplices. All persons harboring or secreting the said per-
sons, or either of them, or aiding or assisting their concealment or
escape, will be treated as accomplices in the murder of the President
and the attempted assassination of the Secretary of State, and shall
be subject to trial before a military commission and the punishment
of death.

Let the stam of innocent blood be removed from the land bv the
arrest and punishment of the murderers,


All good citizens are exhorted to aid public justice on this occa-
sion. Every man should consider his own conscience charged with
this solemn duty, and rest neither night nor day until it be accom-

Edwin M. Stanton, Secretary of War.


War Department, Washington, April 22.
Major-General John A. Dix, New York:

The counties of Prince George, Charles, and St. Mary's have, dur-
ing the whole war, been noted for hostility to the Government, and
its protection to rebel blockade-runners, rebel spies, and every
species of public enemy; the murderers of the President harbored
there before the murder, and Booth fled in that direction. If he es-
capes it will be owing to rebel accomplices in that direction.

The military commander of the department will surely take meas-
ures to bring these rebel sympathizers and accomplices in murder to
a sense of their criminal conduct.

Edwin M. Stanton, Secretary of War.


War Department, Washington, April 24, 1865.
Major-General John A. Dix, New York:

This Department has information that the President's murder was
organized in Canada, and approved at Richmond.

One of the assassins, now in prison, who attempted to kill Mr.
Seward, is believed to be one of the St. Albans raiders.

Edwin M. Stanton, Secretary of War.


War Department, Washington, April 19, 1865, 11 p. m.
Major-General Dix, New York:

J. Wilkes Booth and Harold were chased from the swamp in St.
Mary's County, Maryland, to Garrett's farm, near Port Royal, on the
Rappahannock, by Colonel Baker's forces.

The barn in which they took refuge was fired.

Booth, in making his escape, was shot through the head and killed,
lingering about three hours, and Harold was captured.

Booth's body and Harold are now here. .

Edwin M. Stanton, Secretary of War.


By the President of the United States of America.

a proclamation.

( Whereas, It appears from the evidence in the bureau of military
justice that the atrocious murder of the late President Abraham Lin-
coln, and the attempted assassination of the Hon. W. H. Sewar4<


Secretary of State, were incited, concerted, and procured by and
between Jefferson Davis, late of Richmond, Va., and Jacob Thomp-
son, Clement C. Clay, Beverly Tucker, George N. Saunders, W. C.
Cleary, and other rebels and traitors against the Government of the
United States, harbored in Canada : now, therefore, to the end that
justice may be done, I, Andrew Johnson, President of the United
States, do offer and promise for the arrest of said persons, or either
of them, within the limits of the United States, so that they can be
brought to trial, the following rewards: One hundred thousand dol-
lars for the arrest of Jefferson Davis; twenty-five thousand dollars
for the arrest of Clement C. Clay; twenty-five thousand dollars for
the arrest of Jacob Thompson, late of Mississippi; twenty-five thou-
sand dollars for the arrest of George N. Saunders; twenty-five thou-
sand dollars for the arrest of Beverly Tucker, and ten thousand dol-
lars for the arrest of William C. Cleary, late clerk of Clement C. Clay.

The Provost-Marshal General of the United States is directed to
cause a description of said persons, with notice of the above rewards,
to be published.

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the
seal of the United States to be affixed.

Done at the City of Washington, the second day of May, in the

year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-five,

[l. s.] and of the independence of the United States of America the

By the President : Andrew Johnson.

W. Hunter, Acting Secretary of State.


War Department, Washington, Wednesday, April 17, 1865.
Major-General Dix:

The arrangements for conveying the President's remains to Spring-
field, Illinois, have been changed this morning. They will go direct
from Washington to Philadelphia, Harrisburg, Pittsburg, Fort
Wayne, and thence to Springfield.

Edwin M. Stanton, Secretary of War.

second dispatch.

War Department, Washington. April 19, 1865, 11 p. m.
Major-General John A. Dix, New York:

It has been finally concluded to conform to the original arrange-
ments made yesterday for the conveyance of the remains of the late
President, Abraham Lincoln, from Washington to Springfield, viz. :
By way of Baltimore, Harrisburg, Philadelphia, New York, Albany.
Buffalo, Cleveland, Columbus, Indianapolis, and Chicago, to Spring-
field. Edwin M. Stanton, Secretary of War.


Washington, April 15, 1865.
To J. C. Derby, United States Dispatch Agent, New York:

Online LibraryHenry J. (Henry Jarvis) RaymondLincoln, his life and times : being the life and public services of Abraham Lincoln, sixteenth President of the United States, together with his state papers, including his speeches, addresses, messages, letters, and proclamations, and the closing scenes connected with his life and death (Volume 2) → online text (page 39 of 41)