Henry John Roby.

A grammar of the Latin language from Plautus to Suetonius; online

. (page 35 of 49)
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dirtyish; t&bldu-lus, slowly consuming; tantu-lus, so little; Hyldu-lus
(CatulL), somewhat nvet; yfinusta-lus, charmingly pretty ; Tfit-nlus,
little and old (for vettt-ulus) ; and others.

(b) Not (apparently) diminutival; chiefly from verbs: sem-nliiB,
emulous; amp-lus, large (on both sides, around; amb-, cf. § 70); blb-
ulus, thirsty (blb-6re); bUb-ulus, 0/ oxen (b6v-, § 76); cssr-uluB,
dark blue (cf. csBTuleus) ; crM-ulus, credulous (cr6d-£re) ; Sdent-
ulus (Plaut), toothless (e dentl-^; garm-lus, prattling (gBxxfre);
P&tu-lns, wide-spreading (p&t6re); pend-ulus, hanging (pendSre);
qu6r-ulU8, complaining (quSr-1); s6dulU8 (cf. § 990)4 slng-tUus, one
each, single; BtrSi€"Vl\iB, for covering (strati-, cf. § 784); Btrldu-lUB,
whistling (strldere); trdm-ulus, quivering (trtaiSre).

2. Substantives: (a) diminutival: 858

Masculine: mostly from stems in -o: ftddlescentu-los, a young
man (adolescentl-) ; ftmlcu-lus, a darling friend; ftalmu-lus, darling;
annu-lus, a ring; calcu-lus, a pebble (cald-, chalk)\ drcn-liu, a cir^
cle; cttlumbtl-lus, a little dove; dqvu-lus (Scttleufl), a colt; fttcu-lus,
a chafing dish (fttco-, hearth) ; f5rft-li (pi.), pigeon holes (fttnu, a
row); gldbu-lus, a little ball; borta-lu8, a small garden; jdcu-lus,
a little Joke; lectu-luff, a couch; 15di-lUB, a compartment; zaddu-lns,
a small measure; nepOtu-lns (Plaut.), a little grandson (n$pdt-) ;
Bldu-lUB, a little nest; nuinma-li(pl.), small coins; porcu-lus, a young
pig; pu£ni-liui, a little boy; rfimu-lus, a sprig; rSg-nlus, a chieftain
(rSg-) ; saccu-lUB, a small bag; scrapu-lus, a small stone, a difficulty;
Tentu-lus, a breeze; vlca-lu8, a hamlet,

▼emula, a little slave (vema-).

Proper names: Lentulus (see § 857^); FrdculuB (prdeus, a
suitor) ; BeguluB (vid. supr.). Also Barbula (barba, a beard).

Feminine: mostly from stenis in -a: sst&ta-la, jrot^ir (at&t-);
ftmlcu-la, a darling mistress; &nlmu-la, dear life; &qYa-la, a little
water; arcn-la, a casket; capsa-la, a bandbox; c&sft-la, a small
cottage; caupOnu-la, a small tavern; causu-la, a petty lawsuit;
cSnu-la, a light dinner; cervloa-la, a small neck (cervic-) ; daium-la,
a conclusion (as if from clausa-); concUlatric-iila, a soft match*
maker (condllatxlc-) ; fiUi-ula, a little torch (fto-) ; falcu-la, a small
billhook (fald-) ; flammu-la, a little flame; formu-la, a (short) legal
form; glaiidu-l» (pi.), glands ({^landl-, acorn); gutta-la, a little
drop; berbu-la, a little herb; l&crlmu-la, a tiny tear; lectlou-la, a
small sedan; mensu-la, a small table; mercSd-ula, small wages
(meircSd-); mSirdtxic-ula, a girl prostitute (meretrlo-) ; ntio-ula, a

21



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322 Word-Formation. [Book IIL

small nut (nftc-); nfltrlo-ula, a nurse (nutaic-); paUu-la, a little
cloak; plftga-la, a bed curtain (pl&ga-, a net) ; portu-la, a small gate,
ptlpu-la, the pupil of the eye (image on retina} ptlpa-, a girl);
qnadrlgn-ln (pl-)' ^ ^^^^^ four-horse team; rS4Ic-ixla, a small root
(rfidic-); rlt>a-la, a little bank; rdtu-la, a little wheel; sardnu-la,
a little bundle; 8cftta-la, a square dish (scHt-; comp. scutra, scutella,
and for ft scfttica); serm-la, a small saw; sezta-la, the sixth of an
uncia; fportUola, a little basket; tOga-la, a little gown; tonstric-ula,
a small hairdresser; yillu-la, a little country-house; viTgu-la, a small
rod; ▼Oon-'la, a weak voice; and others.

Neuter: c&pItu-lTun, a small head (cipftt-); cnistu-lTim, pastry;
muBCipulimi, a mouse-trap (mtlsl-. c&p^re, § 992); oppMa-lnm, a
small town; postlcu-lum, a small back building; prftta-lum, a snudl
meadow; r&pu-lnm, a little turnip; sazuluni, a small rock; scrlptu-
lum (scrlpnlum, BCrapulnm, scripliun), ^^oz. (a transl. of ypa/i/xa?);
splcn-lum, a sharp point (splco-, a point; comp. spica) ; Bcatu-lnxn,
a small shield,

(Jf) Not (apparently) diminutival, or not diminutives of exist- 859
ing nouns :

Masculine: sssculus, the Italian oak; angulus, a comer (comp.
oyjcvXof, uncos, ungvis, &c.); bSjulus, a porter; bOtulus, a sausage;
c&pulUB, (j) a hilt, (a) a coffin (c&pd-re) ; c&tttlos, a whelp; cftmulns,
a heap (comp. kvCiv, Kvfia) ; famulus (also adj. in Aug. and post-
Aug. poetry), a servant; flgulus, a potter (fbig-ere); gdrulus, a
porter (gftr-$re) ; Idgolus, a picker (ISg-dre) ; dcftlus, an eye (§ 107) ;
dpftlUB, a kind of maple; pessftlus, a bolt (from Trao-o-oXor?); p6pu-
lus, a people (comp. plS-nus, TrX^^oy, moKi^, &c.) ; pOpulus (f.V a
poplar; Bc6pulUB, a rock (from o-xon-cXof?); sltulus (also sXtnla), a
bucket; stXmulUB, a prick (comp. <myfxi^j § 129. f); tltttlua, a title;
tftmulus, a hill (tftm-Sre) ; tftt&lus, a conical head-dress; Tldulns, a
portmanteau; vitulus, a calf (§ 91).

asseda, a follower (ad 86(iv-i) ; rab-ula, a brawler (ribtee).

Proper names: BIbulus (§ 857^); Catftlus (vid. supr.); Flgnlus
(vid. supr.); Sicftlua, a Sicilian; Tappulus; Trdmftlus (§ 857^);
VltuluB (vid. supr.). Also Decula ; Scftpula (vid. infr.).

Feminine: assula, a splinter; c&cula (m.), a servant; cOpuIa, a
tie (com, &p-lsci) ; dpftla (pi.), a banquet; ffirftla, (i) fennel giant^
(%) a rod; fistula, a pipe; gtUa, the throat (from the sound); In-
flUa, a band ov fillet; Ixunila, an island, a separate block of buildings;
Inula, elecampane; juguln (pi.), collar-stars in Ononis belt; m&tnla,
a pot; mentula, for mejentula (from mejdre) ; mSrnla, a blackbird;
ndbftla, a cloud (comp. nftbes, i/6<^or); pssnula, a cloak; p&pnla, a
pimple; pergula, a stall or booth; ptlsula, a blister (from <l)v(ra^
^va-aXkisi the rarer form pustula is probably from, ptls); radnla
(Col.), a scraper (rftd-foe); rSgula, a rule (r6g-dre); Bcandula,
a wooden shingle; sc&pula (pL), the shoulder-blades; spdcnla, a
watchtower (8pdcd-re)f jitlpftla, a stalk; tSgftla, aflat tile (t^-fire):

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Chap. VII.] Lingual Noun-Stems i -tUo, -ptflo, -bfilo, -dHo. 323

trSgula, ^1 javelin^ a net (comp. tr&liere?); ftliUa, a screech-owl;
xmgfila, a i&oo/* (ungvl-, m.).

Neuter: cingiUum (alsa olnguliu, dngnla), a belt (cing-6re);
coagulmn, rennet (com, &g-«re, to make to curdle} i ezemp-lmn, a
sample (e^dm-dre; cf. § 70); J&culitm, a dart (j&cdre); JtlgulTim,
the collar-bone (J1li50-,jiwg-6re); plpuluin, chirping (plpfixe); rdpft-
gula (pi.), bolts (p&ffg-6re); spSdUuin, a mirror (spdc^re); tem-
p-lnm, a temple (for tem-ulmn \ comp. refievos and § 70) ; torc-ulum,
a <ivine press (torqySre).

-ptQo (i) Adjectives (comp. the Greek termination -^rXoor, 860

e.g. an-Xovs, Sec): siniplns (only used as subst., so also
simpla, Bimplum), single (comp. slm-plez, semel) ; dtlplus, double
(duo); triplus, triple; <ivadri!ia>lus, /our/old; octuplus, eightfold.
These words are generally used only in neuter as substantives.

(2) Substantives: dlscI-ptUiu, a learner (dlsc-£re); m&nlpiiliui
(maniplns), a handful, a company of soldiers (m&nu-; comp. jfle-,
pl6nuB?); slmptUum, a ladle.

For templum, &c. see § 859 ; for others, where p is apparently
radical, see § 858.

-bttlo (a) Feminine: fSlbula, a narrati've (fari)f fibula^ a clasp «6i

(f^-ere); stLl)ula, an anvl (su-dre);; t&bula, a plank,

(3) Neuter: acdtSlbulum, a cup (for vinegar^. ficSto-); concUlft-
bulum, a place for assembly (conciUftre) ; inctUi&-biila (pi.), cradle
(in ctUia-); Infond-IbTaum, a funnel ^nfimd-dre) ; l&t-Ibuluxo, a
hiding-place (l&tdre); niendlca-bulTim (Plant, once), a beggar (men-
dlcftre); nftclfrangl-bula (pi.), nutcrackers (ntic-, fnmg-dre); pft-bu-
lua,^^^r (pascdre); p&ti-bulTmi, a cross (p&t6re); prostl-bulum,
a prostitute (prostSxe); ratabtaum, a poker or spoon (rft-ereE); aabu-
lum, gravel; stSr-bulTmi, a stall (stAre) ; Buffi-bulum, a square white
veil^ worn by the Vestal Virgins at a sacrifice (sub fiffdre?); tln-
tinnSr-bTaTmi, a bell (tintlnnare) ; trl-biQiuii, a thrashing sledge (til-,
tfirCre); trientabtaum (Liv. 31. 14), land assigned in payment of a
third of a debt (trlentl-) ; ttlr-lbulum, a censer (tils-^ ; ySna-bulum,
a hunting-spear (vSnaxl) ; vestibulum, a forecourt (ongin uncertain) ;.
vdca-buliun, a name (v5cfire).

-cttlo(clo) I. Adjectives, chiefly diminutival, and from 1 stems; 86a

(a) From nouns: acrl-culus, testy; annl-culus, a year old (anno-);
dTQi^-cnlus, siveetish; fortl-culns, sometwhat bold; grandl-cnlus
(Plant.), rather large; ISvI-culus, somenvhat vain; mas-cnlus, male
(m&8l-); moUI-culus, tender; panper-cnlus, poor (pauper-); tdnnl-
cnlns, rather slight; tristl-culus, so7nem>hat sorro<wful; torpl-culus,
ugly; Tomft-culus, (i) of slaves, (2) native (yema-).

(Jf) From verbs: rldX-oulus (deridlcolus), laughable (xld6z«);
r«leiau8 (Cato, Sen.), refuse (rSjIctee). . ^

(r) dancnlnm (adv.) is adverbial accns. (<dam).

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324 Word-Formation. \Book II L

a. :3ubstantives:

{a) Masculine: almost all diminutival:

toOLtor-epliiB (Plaut.), a lover dear; fimi-cnlus, a dear friend;
anml-culiu, a streamlet; angvl-culus, a small snake; anser-ctdus
(Col.), a gosling; artl-cnlus, a joint ^ knuckle (artu-); asser-culus,
a small pole;., fanc^'<;ulvm (Plaut.), a belt (cinctn-); cOnlcaliis, a
mine; hence, a^burro^wer^ viz. a rabbit (cftneo-); ensl-cnliu (Plaut.),
a small seivord;^fsjKl''CUlQB,^a packet; flos-culus, a Jlo<wret; folll-
cnlus, a small bag, pod; fon^-culiUi,,^ little spring; frftter-culus, a
little brother; fOni-culus, a thin inord; sr&-cnluB, a jackdaw (perhaps
the c is radical) ; Ignl-culus, a spark; l&ciuMniliui (Col.), a small
lake (lacu-); l&ter-cnlns, a small brick; Upus-culuB, a leveret
^dp0s-^); llntrl-cnluB, a eivherry; xnar-culus (xnartnlus, Plin. ed.
Detlef.), a hammer; mns-ciUus, a little mouse, a muscle (mtlsl-);
orU-culns, a small dish pr roller; xtaxml-culus, a rag (paimo-);
paaser-culus, a little sparrow; P&ter-cnliui, a surname of Velleian
clan; pSnl-culus, a brush; plscl-culns, a, little fish; ponti-culus, a
little bridge; pulvlB-culus, at little dust; putl-culi (pi., Varr., Fest.),
gravepits (ptiteo-) ; quseBtl-culus, a small profit (qiUBStu-) ; rflmus-
ouluB, gossip (rtUnds-) ; senBl-culuB (Q^njt.), a clause (sensu-, sen-
SU8, a sentence, Quint.^; 8cr5bl-culu8, a little trench; sixpl-colus
(aurp-, scirp-), a rush basket (slrpo-) ; sur-oulas, a shoot (said to be
from Bflro-, a shoot); testl-culua; ventrl-culua, the stomach; verml-
cuius, a grub; yersi-culus, a short verse (vergu-); utrl-culuB, a little
bag; vultit-oulus, a mien (viiltu-).

(3) Feminine: diminutives of feminine nouns:
SBdl-cnla, a chapel ; JkD&IH^cvlBi, a duckling (ftn&t-); iUiI-cula, an
old <ivoman (&nu-); dpi^eula, a little bee; arbus-cula, a shrub (aiv
Ms-); auri-cula, the extermA ear; M-cula,. ^z heifer (bOvl-); c&nl-
cula, a bitch, the Jog star (cfia-, § 448); (dcer-cula (dcftr-, n., but
also cicSra-, f.); classl-cnla, a fiotilla; oohorU-cula, a small troop;
cra.ti[-cula, a gridiron; cfttl-cula, the skin; jOiSrcnlii, a brief day;
febrl-cula, a feverish attack; fidl-cnln (pi.), a lute, a rack; ISbe-
cnla, a slight stain (VBMi-, IftbSs); lenti-cula, a lentil; m&nX-ciiIa,
a little hand (m&nu-); m&ter-oula, a mother dear; mtUier-cnla,
a girl; n&vi-cida, a skiff; ndTSrcnla, a ra%or (nftyftre, to renew 1^;
nUbe-cula, a little doud (nUbl-, nUbSs) ; panl-^ula, a tuft (pfiao-,
m.); partiE-CQla, a little bit; pejn^calBL, a small skin ; plfiM-cnla, the
populace (pl6be*); Testi-ciila, a small rope; rftdl-cula, a mull;
s6cflxi-ciila, a Utile axe; sCde-cnla, a little seat (aSdl-, sedes); sloUl-
cnla, a small sickle; spi-cula, a ilight hope; sftbH-cula, a skirt (from
anb? comp. es-a-6re); Bft-ciila, a little pig, a winch (sul-, sn-,
§ 392; also the Hyades from a confusion of v€w with vs)', tSg6t-I-
enla, a little mat (tCgfit-):; Tftpre-cula, a small briar (ci. § 430J ;
Tlti-ciila, a little vine; TTilpe-cula, a little fox (ynlpl-, TnlpSs);
UXor-ciila, a darling wife.



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Chap. VII!\ Lingual Noun-Siems: 'dilo^'XmxMo. 325

(f) Neuter: (i) diminutives from nouns:

conyenti-cnlum, an assembly (conTentu-^) ; cor-cnlTim, little
heart; also a surname of Scipio Nasica for his good sense (cordl-^;
cornl-culmn, a little horn (coma-) ; corpus-culTmi, a particle (corpds-) ;
crSpus-colum, ttwilight (comp. crSpdro-, Kvc<^f); fSnus-culum,
a little interest (f8n5s-); gklSrl-culnm (Suet), a small cap (g&l§ro]);
genl-culnm, a little knee (gtou-) ; bdlUB-culnm, a bit of vegetable;
jecns-culTmi, a small liver (J£c5s-) ; l&ter-culom, a list (later-, masc.
a brick) \ l&tus-culTmi, a small side; mitaiis-ciilimL, a small present;
dpus-culTmi, a small nvork; os-culmn, a pretty mouthy a kiss; ossi-
culum, a small bone; raudus-culum, a bit of metal; rStl-culum, a
small net; tuber-culum, a small bump; tus-culum, a bit of incense;
▼as-culum, a small vessel; ulcus-culum, a small sore.

(2) from verbs (chiefly) :

admlniculum, a prop (comp. ad m&num) ; ftmic-nlum, a mantle
(v^here cis radical; &m!<£re) ; 1}&-culum, a stq^ (comp, fidierpov, fiai-
vm) ; oSnft-culum, a dining-room, an upper room (cenftre), ordpitft-culum,
a rattle (crdplt&re) ; cilbl-culum, a chamber ^ctLbft^, ci^bare) ; cuxri-
culum a course (curr-dre) ; dCyert-loulum, a bypath, an inn (deyerU
dre) ; dntlo-ulum, daybreak (dll11ce-BC>dre) ; Syerr-icnlum, a drag-net
(SverrSre) ; fer-culum a bier, a tray (fer-re) ; gftberaft-culum (gu-
bemaclmn), a helm (srubemfire) ; lin>em9rcnlum, a nuinter lodging
(hlbemare); Incem-Iculiun, a sieve (incemfire); irrldi-colum, a
laughing-stock (IrridSre); jentSl-culum, breakfast (Jentftre); m&rft-
culum, a <ivonder (mlrlUl) ; dper-culum, a lid (ttpdrire^ ; 5r9rculum
(foadum), a divine utterance (5rft-re) ; pdrl-culmn (pSiIclum), a
trial, risk (comp. p6ii-tUB); perpend-lculum, a plumb line (as if
from perpendere); pi9,-culum, an expiation (piftre); p5-culum (pd-
clum), a cup (comp. pS-tus), prOpugnA-culum, a bulwark (pr5-
pugnft-re); rdceptft-culum, a magazine, a retreat (receptft-re) ;
r^dXmi-culum, a necklace (r6dlml-re) ; rCtlnft-cula (pi.), reins ^rfttl-
nSre) ; sa-culmn (sscliun), a generation (a so<wingf sa-, a
sar-culum, a hoe (sfti&e) ; senft-culum (Varr.) a senate hall \
s6n§,tU8); specta-culum, <{ j/]g-i&/ (spectSre); spirft-culum, a bre
hole (spirft-re); subligarculmn, a <ivaistband (subllga-re) ; su
culum (Tac), a support (sustentSl-re) ; tabemS^culum, a te
bema-); terri-cula (pi.), bugbears (terrSro); tOm&-culum
dum), a sausage (comp. to/ajJ); torc-ulum, a press (tor<
veb-i-cfilum, a carriage (yfih-Sre); vin-culum (vinclum), <
(vlncire); umbr&-culum, a shady place, a parasol (umbrfUre).

-un-dUo i.e. -dllo suffixed to stems (real or presumed) in -Z
Substantives:
(a) Masculine: ftv-unculus, a mother* s brother (&vo-, a
father)', carb-un-culus, a small coal (carbdn-); cent-un-ci



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326 Word-Formation. [Boc;^ III.

small patcb<ivork (centSn-) ; fttr-un-culus, a petty thief (fflr-) ; Mm-
un-cnliu, a poor fellovj (hdmdn-); l&tr-im-culaB, a footpad^ a pa^wn
in draughts (latrCn-); 16n-im-€iilus, (^i) a young pander; (p.) a
skiff; pect-un-culus, a small scallop (pectdn-); pdt&a-im-ealttfl
(Juv.), a small leg of pork (p6t-ft-afin-) ; pugi-tm-cnliui, a small
dagger (pvglOn-); rfin-un-culus, sa tadpole (r&na^); seim-im-ciQus,
tittle-tattie (sermOn-); tir-im-eiilus, a young beginner (tlrOn-).

(h) Feminine: chiefly diminutives of substantives in -tito
(-sl5n); frequent in Cicero:

»dlf lc&-tiuiL-cala, ^ small building^ ambUfl-tiun-ciiIa, a short
walk; assentft-tluiL-ciila, a bit of flattery; can-Uun-cula, a s<weet
song; . cap-edun-cula, a small bowl (capfiddn-); cap-Uun-cula, a
quibble; c&r-un-cala, a piece of flesh (carOn- nom. c&ro) ; ofinft-Uun-cola
(Plin. Ep,), a small dining-room; oommO-tiuiL-ciila, a slight disturb-
ance; con-tiim-ciila, a short harangue; oonelft-BluiL-cala, a quibbling
argument; contrao-tluiL-ciila, a slight oppression; ddm-iixireala (Val.
Max.), a small house (d&mu-); icfln-cfola (Suet.), a little image
(et/cov-); im-a«nm-ciila (Suet cf. Cic. Att. 6. i. §. 25), a little like-
ness (imfterdn-) ; Intarroffa-tiim-cula, a short question; lec-ttun-cula,
a little reading; l£g-iim-cula, a small legion (l^On-) ; mor-sluiL-ciila
(Plaut.), a srft bite (morsu-) ; occA-slun-cula (Plant.), a neat oppor-
tunity; offen-BiuiL-ciila, a slight offence; 6r&-tiuiL-cula, a little speech;
P08868-Blim-ciila, a small possession; qnaes-tiun-cnla, a trying
question; rft-tlun-ciila, a little account; r5g&-tiim-<nila, a little ques-
tion; ses-Blim-cala, a little sitting; ylr-frun-cula, a little girl
(t1z«^-) ; and otheiB.

(f) Neuter: mendad-imciilTmi (only abl. plur.), aflb.

-UB-cfilo i.e. cttlo- suffixed to the stem of the comparative degree : 864

alU-ns-culus (Suet.), somewhat high; compl-ns-cnll (pi.),
pretty many; durl-UB-cnlUB (Plin.), somewhat harsh; grandl-us-eula
(f., Ter. Andr, Zis)t pretty well grown-up ; Hqvldi-us-oiilus (Plant.),
softer; longl-iis-cnliis, rather long ; maJ-us-ciilnB, somewhat greater;
mell-iu-ciiliu, somewhat better; xnln-us-cnlus, rather less; nltldi-
us-culiu (Plant.), somewhat shiny; idiui-ciiliu, somewhat more^
several; putldl-us-culus, somewhat more disagreeable; tardl-ii8-
ouliu, somewhat slow; uncti-us-cnliui (Plant.), somewhat unctuous^
So the adverb cS16ri-ns-cule (Com.), somewhat more quickly.

-6d-tUo- mdn-Sdula, a jackdaw; Bltediila, a dormouse; qyep- 865
(ivediila, a kind of duck,

-nll-iUo paulltUuB, 'very little^ also as surname. 866

-en-tUo i.e. ftlo added to diminutives in 6II0 (forSr&lo); airdl-
Inliu (CatuL), a little fleld (S«ell<h>); beUalas (Plant),



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Chap. V/I.] Lingual. Noun-Stems: -uactilo, -eUttlo, -Uo. 327

pretty (beUo-) ; clst-eUnla, a little box (dstella
lula (Petr.), a metal plate riammlna-) ; imelli
girl (puella); teneUnliui, delicate (tteSro-).

411-IUo i.e. ftlo suffixed to diminutives in -Ulo.

ancllltila, a little handmaid (aacUla-) ; pauzil
small (pauxillo-).

•Ho (i) Adjectives: aqvnus^ dark-coloured; mUtl

lated^ esp. having lost a horn (comp. /itrt/Xoj);
cloudy (nUbi-) : rfttlluB, auburn^ also as surnam
§ 4*4.

(a) Substantives:

ftqvlla, an eagle; jflbilTiiii, a <wild cry; ptUnilus,
sand&plla, a common bier; slbUus, a hijj^ <»
raSlAtJine <iuheat Jlour.

-alio c&ballus, a hack; caUum, thick skin; galla, c

galluSf a cock; intervallum {part between the
interval (inter, vallo-); palla, a cloak; valltui, (i) a «wint
(Taxrno); (2) a stake (comp. ^of, § 91); vaUnin, apalist
Proper names: mspallus (Hispftnulns); HEoBsalla (BE
BaUa (rfintUa?).

-anllo paullus, a little^ few (pauco-): also as sumam(

-oUo ftboUa, a thick woollen gown (comp. avaPoKi

a neck; cOroUa, a garla?id (for o6r0nula);
^old form of ille, § 373); oUa (aiila),'«/»o// penOlla (PI
little mask (for persOntUa); boUub (sdlus), alone (comp.

-nl-lo (i) Adjectives: pnlltis, dusky; B&talliu (Va
sated (s&ttlro-); nllus, any (flno-).

(a) Substantives: (a) appellatives: ampulla, a flask
piirOla) ; betulla, birch-tree; Imlla, a bubble^ a stud; cftcnll
lidmiilliui, a manikin (for li6moii-, cf. § 449); Ifinnlliui (I
H. 25), a little pander (ISnOn-); medulla, the marrow, /
nfidio-); mTilliiB, a mullet; pullns, a young animal, esf
trulla, a ladle (tma-).

(b) Proper names: C&tnlliui for C&tOnnliui; LUcnlliiB
for M&rOnnlus; Bullus; TertnlluB; TIlnilliiB; Tnlliis.

Sulla for sfirala, little calf of leg.

Hd-lo Usually arises from the diminutival suffix an<
tion of the preceding consonant (§176. i), s<
=-«rlUo, -dntUo, or the doubly diminutiv
Cf. § ai3. 5.



Digitized by VjOOQIC



^28 Word-Formation. [Bcok IIL

1. Adjectives:

MHhi, pretty (Mno-); g«melliu, t^in (gdmlno-) ; intSgdliu,
tolerably sound (intdgnro-) ; mlsoelliis (rare), mixed (comp. xnlscSre^ ;
mlselliu, pitiable (mlsfeo-); moillcelliui (Catull.\ soft (moUIdUo-) ;
iL<WeUiii, ne<tv (]i6vo-) ; piilcellii8,/r^/(f and little (^ulc^ro-) ; rllbelliis,
reddish (rftlvro-); t6n«lliu, delicate (tdairo-).

2. Substantives:

(a) Masculine: ftg^us, a small f eld (Jkgeny'y^ ftndlliui, a little
ring (fintUo-) ; ang^iis (Lucr.), a small comer (aagtUo-) ; ftselliu,
an ass^s colt (ftslno-); cancelli (pl.)> ^ grating or iars; c&tellus,
a puppy (c&tfilo-); culteUiu, a small knife (cult^o-); UbeUus, a
pamphlet, petition, &c. (IXbrtTO-) ; IdcelltiB, a little compartment Tld-
cftlo-); OoeUus, a dear little eye (ddUo-); pOpellus, the rMle
(pOpUo-); porotilus, a little pig (pordUo-); pnelliiB, a boy (pudro-);
rastellus, a small rake (rait^ro-; cf. § 369); vlteUiu, the yolk of an
egg (vltttlo-, a ealfy.

Proper names : Mare^us (marco-, maxdUo-) ; Hdtellus.

ColilindUa (vid. infi*.); I>(Ual>ella (vid. infr.); F&iestella (vid.
infr.); (MUla (vid. infr.).

(3) Feminine: cftmella, a twine cup (cftmSra-, a vaultl); c&pdila,
a shegoat (cftp^ra-^ ; c&talla, a small chain (cfttSna-) ; cdlla, a store-
room; ollteUs (v\.), panniers ; cttliimella, a small pillar (cttlUmma-) ;
dextollai a Httle right hand (dext^ra-); dOlalMlla, a small pickaxe;
(diUalira-); OMlIa, a short story (flUriUa); ISmdla (Catull.), a girl
(fSmlna-) ; fenestella, a little twindo«u) (fenestra-) ; fiflceila» a small
basket (padtns^); Iflmella (Sen.), a plate of metal (Ifimlnar); m&->
tOlla, a pot (xn&tftla-); mltella, a turban (mlt^ra-); nnm^la, a
fetter; ftftflla, a little bit; (ofltUa); 6pella, light work (dpdra) ;
pftgella, a short page (pSglna-); p&tella, a small dish (p&tlna-);
prOoeUa, a storm (comp. proceuere); pudlla, a girl (pniBra-); scn-
wna, a small dish (acntrar); sella, a chair (s6di-); sitella, a ballot
urn (slttkla-); sp<^tella, a little basket (spoitttla-); steila, a star
(stira-? comp. amp-, Engl, star); t&bella, a tablet, esp. for
writing or voting (t&WUar); tessella, a little cube (tessftra-); tur-
bellas (pi. Plaut), a stir (turba-) ; nmbeila, a sunshade (umHra-) ;
▼olsellsa (pl*)f tweezers (comp. volso-, veliere).

(c) Neuter; almost all diminutives of neuters in -ro:

castelliiin, a fort; cerSbellnni, a small brain; duellum (beUnm),
<u^r(duo); flftlielliim, a small fan; flftgeUnm, a scourge; l&beUiun,
a pretty Itp (latoo-); UUbeUum, a bathing tub (l&r^ilira-) ; IftceUuni,
a small gain; m&oeUma, meat market, (prig, unknown); idostellTmi,
a small waggon; rostellum (Col., Plin.), a small beak; s&cellum, a
shrine; scalpeUum, a lancet.



Digitized by VjOOQIC



Chap, VII.] Lingual Nbun-Stems : 'Olo^ 'VHo, 329

-Ulo In some cases for -IntUo-; in others from words with 870

1; e.g. dvl-, lapld-, &c.: in others probably (from false
analogy) appended directly as a dinunutival suiffix.

I. Adjectives:

allavantnins (Plant, once), some little (ftUqnaato-) ; fiTlUiu, of
sheep (dvl-); pauzUlns, little (pauco-); pftBUliiB, 'very small (comp.
piiBos very rare, a bojf)\ qnaatUlus, how 'very small (— — *- "^^
snilliui, of swine (su-); tantUliu, so 'very little (tanto-).

3. Substantives:

(a) Masculine: c&mllliu, a youth-priest; c&piUuB, tJi
the head; c&tUlUB, a small bowl (cfttino-) ; cOdlcilli (pi.), a
note (cOddc-); firltUlUB, a dice box; lL»diUii8, a little kid
l&plllas, a little pebble (l&pld-) ; IttpUlns, a small limine
pastillUB, a lozenge; pazlUiui (Plin., Col.), a peg; pSnlcUli
brush (pSnldUo-) ; pugUlUB (rare), a handful (pogmo-) ;
a little cushion (pulvlno-) ; p^UlUB, a ward (pflpo-); vU
of hair.

Proper names: C&mllliiB (see above); FkustilluB (I
Polvillus (palvlno-); BeglUus (rSstUo-V. Rufillus (R1UI]
others. Also Axilla (vid. infr.) ; Ravllla (rftw

(b) Feminine: aacUla, a handmaid; angvllla, an eel
arglUa, white clay (from 5pytXXor, comp. apy6r, white)
(pl.), bracelets (armo-, shoulder)', axilla (orig. form of fi
Cic. Or. 45, but see § 871), armpit (axl-); f&vUla, gh
mtllla, gruel used at sacrifices; fbicilla, a little fork (to
milla, a breast (mamma-) ; maxilla (cf. Cic. Or, 45), i
(comp. fiay-, fuuro-o), knead); p&pilla, a teat (comp. p&pUa); pis-
trUla, a mill (plstrina-) ; pfkpilla a female ward^ the pupil of the
eye(p1lpa-); sd&tllla, a spark; squllla, a shrimp; sttlla, a drop (comp.
Btlrla, icicle); tonailla (pl.), tosilla (G. JNT.i).), the tonsils; villa,
a country-house (vico- ?).

Proper names: e.g. BOmltilla (comp. Domitto-); BmslUa
(Dmso-); Llvllla (Llvla-); PrisciUa (Frisco-); Frocilla (Procnlo-);



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