Henry John Rose Hugh James Rose.

A new general biographical dictionary, Volume 1 online

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a Treatise on the Plague, whicn he had
drawn up and delivered at the Royal Col-
lege by command of the regent.

ANEAU, (Bartholomew,) or Anulus,
was born at Bruges, and educated under
Melchior Volmer. He was professor of
rhetoric, and in 1542 principal of the
college of the Trinity at Lyons. He fa-
voured the protestant cause, and taught
the doctrines of the reformation ; but in
1565 his exertions were terminated by a
fitfal accident. On the feast of the Sa-
crament, a stone was thrown from the
windows of the college upon the host
and the priest who bore it, as it passed
in procession. The people broke into the
college, and fixing upon Aneau as the
author of this insult, assassinated him.
He was the author of one hundred and
four Latin and some Greek poems, and of
many other works, among which may be
mentioned, 1. A Mystery on the subject
of the Nativity of our Lord, to be fouud
in a work called Chant Natal. Lyons,
1539, 4to. 2. Lyon Marchant, &e. ;
a drama, acted at the College de la
465



Trinity, Lyons, 1542, 4to. 3. A Trans-
lation of the Emblems of Alciati, Lyons,
1549, 8 vo. 4. PictaPoesis; a collection
of Emblems, Lyons, 1552. 5. A Transla-
tion of Sir T. More a Utopia. 6. Alector,
or, the Cock : a pretended translation
from the Greek, which appears to have
done no great credit to the author. (Biog.
Univ.)

ANEAU, (Lambert d\) SeeD'AHEAV.

AN EL, (Dominic), a surgeon of cele-
brity at Turin, born towards the close of
the seventeenth century. He was sur-
geon-major to the regiment of cuirassiers
and to the court of Savoy, and introduced
several improvements into the practice of
surgery. He is best known for his
method of treating the fistula lachry-
malis ; but his earliest production related
to a subject which attracted in its day
remarkable attention — the possibility of
extracting by suction the venom from
poisoned wounds without imbibing die
poison itself. The danger attending the
operation by means of suction with the
lips, was known to arise principally from
the exposure of any abrasion of the
surface of the skin to the action of the
poison, which would then be readily
admitted into the system. To obviate
this serious, and, in many cases, fatal
effect, Anel published a treatise, sug-
gesting the employment of certain
instruments as substitutes for this pur-
pose, but these were bo cumbrous and
inefficient, that they were not brought
into use. In the treatment for aneurism,
he simplified the operation common in his
time. He made an incision over the aneu-
risms! sac, passed a ligature on the artery
above it,and left the contents of the tumour
to be removed by nature. This plan met
with much opposition, but was adopted by
several surgeons, and with a successful
issue. His mode of cure for the fistula la-
chrymali8 places him in the ranks of those
who have contributed to the improve-
ment of ophthalmic surgery. He invented
a very fine flexible silver tube, to which
a syringe was attached ; the tube was to
be introduced into the obstructed lachry-
mal duct, and the obstruction then re-
moved by an injection, conveyed by
means of the syringe. This mode of
treatment, notwithstanding the just oppo-
sition offered to it by numerous eminent
surgeons, gained the approbation of the
College of Surgeons or Paris, and may
fairly be stated as having led to the im-
proved methods that have been since
successfully introduced.

The works of Anel are, 1. L'Art de



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sneer let Plaies tans se servir de la
Bouche d'un Homme: avec un Dis-
cerns, &c. Amst 1707, 1716, 1732, 12mo.
2. Observation singuliere sm* la Fistule
Lacrymale, dans laquelle Ton apprendre
la Methode de la iuSrir radicalement ;
Turin, 1713, 4to. The first case on which
And employed his mode of treatment,
was that of the Abbe Fieschi, nephew of
the archbishop of Genoa. Like most
inventions or discoveries of importance,
it was first abused and condemned, and
when established, the author was denied
the merit of the invention. There is no
reason to question the right of Anel to
the discovery, although Morgagni has
remarked, that Pliny (Hist. Nat. lib.
vii. cap. 53,) makes mention of Caius
Julius, a physician who devoted himself
much to the treatment of the diseases of
the eye, having been in the habit of
introducing a stilette into the lachrymal
passage. Plater also mentions the case
of a girl affected with the fistula lachry-
malis, in which he injected the lachrymal
passages. The obscurity, however, of
these narrations is such, that Anel ought
not to be deprived of the merit attaching
to his proposal and practice. His claims
have been admitted to novelty and inge-
nuity by the Academy of Sciences of
Paris. Fantoni, Mangetus, Woolhouse,
Molinetti, Lancisi, Valksnieri, Morgagni,
and others, have written in favour of
Anel's claims and method, and their let-
ters upon this subject have been collected
together, and attached to the two follow-
ing works: 3. Nouveile M6thode de
fuerir les Fistules lacrymales, Turin,
713, 4to. 4. Suite de la nouveile Me-
thode de guerir les Fistules Lacrymales,
Turin, 1714, 4tc 5. Dissertation sur la
nouveile Decouverte de rHydropisie du
Conduit Lacrymal, Paris, 1716, 12mo.
6. Precis de la nouveile Meniere de gue-
rir les Fistules Lacrymales, 1713, com-
municated to the Academy of Sciences
of Paris. 7. Observation singuliere
d'un Foetus trouve dans une Masse mem-
braneuse rendue par une Dame au «x-
ieme Mois de sa Grossesse, &c. 1714 ;
this case was also transmitted to the
Academy. 8. Relation d'une enorme
Tumeur occupant toute l'Etendue du Ven-
tre d'un Homme, un Hydropique, et
remplie de plus de 7000 Corps etrangers ;
Pans, 1722, 8vo : an extraordinary case
of hydatids.

ANELIER, (William,) a troubadour

of the first half of the thirteenth century,

who has left four sirventes, or political

poems, of which extracts will be round in

466



Raynouard, and in the eighteenth vo-
lume of the Histoire Litteraire de France*
All that is known of his personal history
is, that he was born at Toulouse towards
the end of the twelfth century.

ANELLI, (Angelo, 1761—1820,) an
Italian poet, born at Desenzano. He
was professor of Latin and Italian litera-
ture before he was twenty years old, and
in 1793 went to study jurisprudence at
Padua. When the French entered Italy,
Anelli hastened to assist his native town ;
this activity procured his imprisonment
upon the breaking out of the revolution
in Brescia, but he was soon liberated,
and entered the French artillery. Auge-
reau, who commanded at Verona, em-,
ployed him as his secretary, and he was in
1797 commissary to the directory in the
department of Benaco, (afterwards called
that of la Mella,) upon resigning which
he refused to fill any other office. Finally,
disgusted with politics, he returned to
literature, and became professor of elo-
quence at Brescia in 1802. He was in
1809 made professor of forensic elo-
quence at Milan ; and on the re-organiza-
tion of the school of law there in 1817,
he seems to have been much wounded
in spirit from supposing that his employ-
ment (his only nope of support for his
family) would not De continued to him,
and this chagrin is supposed to have
shortened his days. He wrote Odae et
Elogiae, Verona, 1780. 2. L'Argene No-
vella Morale, Ottava Rima, Ven. 1793.
3. Le Cronache di Pindo, a poem in
seven books, characterising the great au-
thors of ancient and modern days. Also
several dramatic pieces. (Suppl. Biog.
Univ.)

ANEMAS, (the,) four brothers, who
were condemned to death for a conspi-
racy against Alexis Comnenus in 1 105.
Their pardon was procured by Anna
Comnena, and they spent their lives in
prison.

ANES, GILLES. See Gilianeb.

AN ESI, a painter, a native of Flo-
rence, who flourished about the year
1720. He painted landscapes, some of
which are in the palaces and private
collections of his native city, and at
Rome. He was one of the instructors
of Francesco ZucchereUL (Bryan's Diet)

ANFINOMUS. SeeAiupivs.

ANFOSSI, (Pasquale,) an Italian
musical composer; born about 1736.
He was brought up at Naples, and pro-
duced his " Inconnue persecutes, "
" La finta Giardiniera," and " H Geloeo
in cemento," at Rome. In 1783 Anfbssi



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had the Italian Opera in London. He
died in 1795.

ANGARANO, (Ottaviano.) Accord-
ing to Zanetti, this artist was of a
patrician family of Venice, and flourished
about the year 1650. It is not men-
tioned by whom he was instructed ; but
he painted history, and obtained repu-
tation for a picture of the Nativity in
the church of S. Daniele at Venice, from
which there is an etching by himself.
(Bryan's Diet.)

ANGE DE LA BROSSE, (de St
Joseph, died 1697,) better known as
P. Ange de St Joseph, was a native of
Toulouse, a missionary to the East, and
provincial of the barefoot Carmelites in
Languedoc. He wrote Gazophylacium
Linguae Penarum, Amst. 1684, a work
which, though curious and useful, is full
of errors. His Pharmacopoeia Persica was
shown, by Dr. Hyde, to nave been in fact
translated from the Persian by Mathieu :
La Brosse was further exposed by him
for his mistaken censure of the Persian
version in Walton's Polyglott, in his (Dr.
Hyde's) Castigatio in Angelum a Sancto
Joseph. This was published in conse-
quence of a visit made by La Brosse to
Oxford, in order to confute Hyde in a
personal conference, in which, nowever,
Hyde had far the superiority. It is sub-
joined to Hyde's translation of Bobowski's
Catechism. See the name Ali Bet.

ANGE DE STE. ROSALIE, (1655—
1726,) a very laborious French writer,
whose family name was Francois Vassard.
He belonged to the order of barefooted
Augustinians, and would have been pro-
fessor of theology, had he not preferred
devoting himself to historical and diplo-
matic*! studies. In conjunction with
other writers he swelled the historical
work originally published by Father An-
telme (see the name) into 9 vols, folio.
It is entitled, " Histoire de la Maison de
France et des grands Officiers de la Cou-
ronne," 9 vols, folio. He wrote also a
work entitled, " Etat de la France," 5 vols,
12mo ; republished in 1749 by the Bene-
dictines, in 6 vols, 12mo. It contains an
account of the officers of the crown, the
ceremonies of their offices, &c. (Biog.
Univ.)

ANGEL, (John,) an English clergy-
man and nonconformist, was admitted at
Magdalen hall, Oxford, in 1610: took
orders and became a popular preacher.
In 1634 he was suspended for preaching
without a license, at Leicester, from
which he was driven by the Independents
in 1650, for refusing to subscribe their
467



engagement He was then appointed
lecturer of Grantham, where he lived till
his death in 1655.

ANGELE, (Merici, 1511—1540,) the
foundress of the UrsuUnes. She was
born in 1511, at Desenzano, and toge-
ther with a sister, devoted much time,
at an early age, to prayer and religious
exercises. On the death of this sister,
she took the habit of the third grade of
St Francis, and redoubled her austerities.
She went to the Holy Land. On her
return she visited Rome, and in 1537
laid the foundations of die order of St Ur-
sula, of which she was the first superior.
She intended that the Ursulines should
live with their parents or friends ; but
they were soon collected together into
convents. The regulations of the Ursu-
lines of Paris may be seen in the Abbe
Musson's Hist des Ordres Monastiques.
"(Biog. Univ.)

ANGELERIO. See Anoeuebi.

ANGELI, ( Bonaventura,) an Italian
historian of the sixteenth century. He
was a good lawyer, and managed the af-
fairs of the dukes of Ferrara, his native
place. Tiraboschi (vii. 962) informs us,
that being suspected of heresy he quitted
Ferrara, and after some time settled at
Parma, having renounced his errors. He
wrote the history of Parma — (Istoriadella
Citta di Parma e Descrizione del Fiume
Parma, lib. viii. Parma, 1591) — and dedi-
cated each of the eight books to some
nobleman of Parma. It was printed in
1589, but several sheets being cancelled
it did not appear till 1591. This, Tira-
boschi states, entirely destroys the sup-
position of the author's death in 1576,
which Baruffaldi (in the Supplement to
his History of Ferrara) and Mazzuchelli
have maintained. He wrote also, 1. La
Vita di Ludovico Cati, Gentiluomo Ferra-
rese, &c. 1554. 2. Gli Elogi degli Eroi
Estense. 3. De non Sepeliendis Mortuis.
4. Discorso intornol'Origine de' Cardinal!
1565. For more on this writer see D.
Clement in his Bibliotheque Curieuse, i.
p. 325. The copies of nis history of
Parma, containing some reflections on
P.L.Farnese (afterwards suppressed) are
said to be very rare. (Tiraboschi. Biog.
Univ.)

ANGELI, (Peter.) See Ahoelio.

ANGELI. See Anoelt.

ANGELI, (Stefano,) a Jesuit and
distinguished geometrician. Between
1658 andl662 he published a number of
works on transcendental geometry. An-
geli taught mathematics at Padua. (Biog.
Univ.)

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ANGELICO. See Fba. Giovanni.

ANGELIERI, (Bonaventure.) A mi-
nor friar of St Francis, born at Meriala
in Sicily. He published two volumes,
the first of a series of twenty-four on the
same subjects, entitled, " Lux Magica,
&c." at Venice ; the first under the
name of Livio Betani. He was vicar-
general of his order at Madrid, and was
alive in 1707. (Biog. Univ.)

ANGELIO, or DEGLI ANGELI,
(Retro, 1517—1596,) an Italian poet, a
native of Bargamo in Tuscany, from which
he derived his surname of Bargeo. He
had projected his most celebrated poem,
the Cynegeticon, before he left the uni-
versity of Bologna, which he was obliged
to do in consequence of having written
some satirical verses. He then obtained
employment from the French ambassador
at Venice, in correcting the copies taken
from Greek MSS. there, by order of
Francis I. This led to a journey with
another French ambassador, to Constan-
tinople, Asia Minor, and Greece. In
1543 he accompanied the Turkish fleet,
under Barbarossa, to Nice, and was pre-
sent at the siege by the French. An-
gelio here fought a duel with a Frenchman,
and killed his adversary, which com-
pelled him to leave his patron, and return
to Florence. In 1546 he was chosen
professor of Greek and Latin at Reggio,
from which place he went to Pisa. In
the war of Sienna, when the grand duke
Cosmo I. was forced to suspend the
salaries of the professors, Angelio re-
mained in Pisa, at the sacrifice of pawn-
ing his books and furniture. On the
approach of the Siennese army, under
Strozzi, to Pisa, Angelio armed and dis-
ciplined the students of the university,
and defended the city, till the grand duke
sent them assistance. He went to Rome
in 1575, and, under the patronage of the
Cardinal Ferdinand de Medicis, continued
his Syrias, a poem on the Christian Con-
quest of Palestine, commenced thirty
years before. He reprinted and dedicated
to the cardinal all his poems in 1585, and
died at Pisa after some years' retirement,
and was buried in the Campo Santo.

His works consist of, 1. Three Fune-
ral Orations in Latin on Henry II. of
France (1559), Cosmo (1574), and Fer-
dinand de Medicis (1587). 2. De Ordine
legendi Scriptores Histories Romance;
twice printed separately, and to be found
in the collection of Grotius de Studiis
Instituendis. 3. Poematia Omnia, &c.
Rome, 1585. (Most of these had been
separately printed.) 4. De privatorum
468



publicorumque Urbis Romans Everso-
ribus Epistola, Florent. 1589, intended
to show that the misdirected zeal of som
of the popes had effected more towards
the destruction of the public edifices of
Rome, than the Goths had done. 5.
Poesie Toscane, with a translation of the
(Edipus Tvr. 1589; and lastly, his Me-
moirs of his own Life, published by Sal-
vino Salvini, in the Fasti Consolari of the
Academy of Florence.

ANGELIO, (Antonio,) elder brother
of the preceding, taught publicly at Flo-
rence in 1541, and was tutor to Francis
and Ferdinand Medici. In 1570 he was
bishop of Messa, in the province of Sien-
na, and died in 1579.

ANGELIS, (Dominico de,) an Italian
author, was born in 1675, at Lecce, the
capital of Otranto. He took orders
early, and was canon and grand peniten-
tiary of Lecce, vicar-general of Vierti,
Gallipoli, and Gragnano; first chaplain
to the troops of the Neapolitan and Papal
states. Angelis was named Historian to
Louis XI V. and Philip V. of Spain. He
died in 1718. Among his works are, 1.
Delia Patria d'Eunio, Rome, 1701 ;
Naples, 1712. 2. Discorso istorico, &c.
or an account of the city of Lecce, Lecce,
1705. 3. Le Vite de'Letterati Salentini.

ANGELIS, (Jerome d*, 1567—1623,)
a Jesuit missionary to Japan ; was born
in Sicily, and in 1596 sailed from Lisbon,
but was wrecked on the coast of Brazil,
returned to Portugal, and finally reached
Japan in 1602, where he learned the
language, and made great progress in
converting the natives, till the expul-
sion of the Jesuits in 1614. After-
wards he obtained permission to remain,
and increased the number of Chris-
tians from 1000 to 11,000. Angelis
perished, with two other Jesuits, and
forty-seven Japanese converts, during a
violent persecution of the Christians:
He gave himself up to the government
to save his host, ana he was burnt alive
24th Dec. 1623. A letter of his, relative
to the kingdom of Yesso is found at the
end of P. Morin's French translation of
the Account of the Transactions in Japan,
1619-21, originally written in Italian.

ANGELIS. There were several
artists of this name, both engravers and
painters :

1. Jean de, a French painter, the date
of whose birth does not appear. He
painted three pictures for the history
of Charles I., which were respectively
engraved by N. Dupuis, B. Baron, and
Du Bosc; also a portrait of Bernard



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Picart, engraved by J. Vander Schley,
also by Peter Aveline. (Heinecken,
Diet. des Artistes.)

2. Peter, (1685—1734,) a painter,
born at Dunkirk, whence, after having
learned the rudiments of design, he re-
moved to Flanders and Germany, and
resided some time at Dusseldorp, where
he studied in the Electoral Gallery. He
came to England about 1712, where he
had great encouragement, and resided
sixteen years. In 1 728 he went to Italy,
and resided at Rome three years. In
his return from Italy, with the intention
of again visiting England, he stayed at
Rennes, in Bretagne, and met with so
much employment, that he settled in
that city, where he died. He painted
compositions, and landscapes with small
figures, into which he frequently intro-
duced fruit and fish. His style was a
mixture of those of Teniers and Watteau,
with more grace than the former, and
more nature than the latter. His pencil
was easy, bright, and flowing; but his
colouring was occasionally faint and
nerveless. (Bryan's Diet)

3. Secondo de, an engraver at Naples,
who was employed upon the works on
Herculaneum during the years 1757 to
1762. (Heinecken, Dictionnaire des
Artistes.)

4. Ftlippo de, (1600—1640,) said to
be the same painter known by the names
of Filippo di Liagno, and Filippo Na-
politano. He was born, according to
Baglioni, at Rome, and was taken at
an early age by his father to Naples,
(hence his designation Napolitano,) where
he learned the principles of his art, which
he practised there with great success, as
well as at Rome, to which he returned,
and where he died in the pontificate of
Urban VIII. On the return of Filippo
to his native city, he diligently studied
the antique, but soon adopted the style
of a Flemish painter called Mozzo, or
Stump, because having lost his right
hand, he painted with his left. His
principal pictures were battle-pieces, but
he also practised landscape painting, in
which he introduced into Florence a
dark powerful style. He was long
retained there at the court of Cosmo II.
In addition, he painted views of
public buildings, porticos, and public
sports and entertainments, containing
multitudes of figures, disposed with
propriety and elegance. There is one
work known to have been engraved
by him, consisting of thirteen quarto
plates of military dresses, &c. attached

469



to which is an inscription, giving, it is
supposed, his true name, Theodor. Filippo
de Liagno Nap. inv. et fee. Another
is so supposed, namely, a portrait, en-
graved in 1604, of Cardinal Ximenes,
and marked P. Angelus pinx. ; but this
must be a mistake of M. Heinecken, for
Filippo was born only in 1600. (Pil-
kington's Diet, of Painters, by Fuseli.
Lanzi, Stor. Pitt. i. 220; ii. 117. Hei-
necken, Diet, des Artistes.)

5. Giovanna Batista de, an Italian
artist, who, according to Pascoli, engraved
some plates in Italy; but there is no
particular account of him or his works.
(Strutt's Diet of Eng. Heinecken, Diet,
des Artistes.)

ANGELO. See Buonaboti. Cara-

VAGIO. CaMPLDOGLIO.

ANGELO, ANGELICO, or ANGI-
OLI, (Jacopo,) a Greek scholar, born at
Scarperia, in the valley of Mugello, in
the fourteenth century. He accompanied
Manuel Chrysoleras and Demetrius Si-
donius on their return from Venice to
Constantinople, and travelled in Greece.
He contested the post of apostolic secre-
tary with Leonard d'Arezzo ; and seems
to have held that office in 1420, after
which nothing is known of him. He
left several Latin translations of Greek
books, the principal being Ptolemy's
Cosmographia, and some of Plutarch's
Lives, especially that of Cicero.

ANGELO, son of Paul de Castro,
taught jurisprudence at Padua in the
fifteenth century. His name is preserved
on the tomb in which he lies with his
father. (Biog. Univ.)

ANGELOCRATOR, (Daniel, 1569—
1635,) a divine of the reformed church,
was born at Corbach. He was pastor of
Koethen, was present at the synod of
Dordrecht in 1618, and in Cassel when
token by Tilly, in 1626. He wrote
" Chronologia Autoptical' a learned but
inaccurate work; a treatise on Ancient
Metres; and on Weights, Measures,
and Coins. His family name was Engel-
hardt (Biog, Univ.)

ANGELOME, a learned Benedictine
of Luxeuil, in the ninth century, where
he died in 854. He is the author of
commentaries on several books of Scrip-
ture, two of which were printed at Co-
logne in 1530. (Biog. Univ.)

ANGELONI, (Francesco,) born at
Terni, was secretary to Cardinal Ippolito
Aldobrandini, and apostolic prothonotary.
His collection of works of art at Perugia
was so extensive as to be called the Ro-
man Museum. Angeloni published a



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aeries of Roman medals in 1641, the exe-
cution of which was severely criticised ;
and the publication of a second and im-
proved edition was prevented by his death
at an advanced age in 1652. It was,
however, brought out by his nephew
Beiloni in 1686. Other works were writ-
ten by Angeloni: Storia di Terni, Rome,
1646 and 1685 ; some comedies, of which
two have been published ; some works of
amusement, e.g. Dialoghi piego del
Signor Agrestino de'Calzanti ad Erasto
Afrone, per ragir le Fraudi delle Cattive
femine, Ven. 1615, &c.

ANGELUCCI, (Teodoro, died 1600,)
a poet and physician, born at Ancona.
He is celebrated for his literary contro-
versy with Francesco Patriszi, in favour
of Aristotle. He belonged to the Vene-
tian academy, and was principal physician
at Montagnana, where he died, but was
buried at Treviso. His chief works are,
1. Sententia quod Metaphysics sit eadem
qu« Physica, Ven. 1583. 2. Exercita-
tionum cum Patritio Liber, lb. 1585 ; in
defence of the former book ; and some
medical works, particularly one on the
treatment of malignant fever, (Ven.
1593,) and a reply called ' Bactria,' &c.
to a severe critique upon it by Donatelli
di Castiglione. He wrote also a Canitolo
in Lode della Pazzia ; a Praise of Mad-
ness, inserted in Garzoni's Ospitale de'
Pazzi, Ven. 1586; and a translation of
Virgil's iEneid (Naples, 1649,) in verso
sciolto, which is a rare book.

ANGELUCCI, (Liborio,) was born at
Rome in 1746, and practised there as an
accoucheur. On the breaking out of the
French revolution, he was the leader of the
democratical party in Rome, and was im-
prisoned by Pius VI. for a short time to
1793. He also suffered a year's impri-
sonment at Civita Vecchia in 1796, from
which he was released by Buonaparte
after the treaty of Bologna. On his re-
turn from a visit to Paris, Aneelucci was
one of the five consuls under the French,
and displayed equal vanity and absurdity
in his office. He announced that the
cares of governing Rome should not in-



Online LibraryHenry John Rose Hugh James RoseA new general biographical dictionary, Volume 1 → online text (page 93 of 100)