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Graphite, in Semipalatinsk, 351 ; in Irkutsk, 389.

Gravie, defeated by Schamyl, 2491

Gray, Prof., Asa, on the resemblance of the floras of Japan and North

America, S35-5S5.
Great Horde, 26S.

Great Kinghan Mountains, 115; erosion in, 494.
Grusians, 272.
Gulfs.

Anadyr, 147.

Obi, 92, 95, 4IS>.

Taz, 92, 95.

Yenisei, 93.
Gurians, 273.
Guriets, 344.
Gypsies, 344.

H

OARES, in Akmolinsk, 349; in Yakutsk, 396.

Hay in Semirechensk, 354; in Transcaspian Province, 356; in
Yakutsk, 396.
Hazar-asp, Kaufmann at, 235 ; size of, 365.
Hedenstrom explores New Siberian Islands, 108.
Hemp, in Semirechensk, 354; in Bokhara, 364.
Henz, Prof., on his discovery of a mammoth, 576-578.
Hiong-nu, 266.
Hiouen-Tsang, quoted, 47.
Hissar, 363.

Home, the Siberian, 301-303.
Honey in Yeniseisk, 401.

Horses in Akmolinsk, 349; in Semipalatinsk, 352; in Semirechensk.
354; in Transcaspian Province, 356; in Turgai, 359; in Uralsk,



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598 ASIATIC RUSSIA

361; in Bokhan, 364; in Ferglian^a, 370; in Samarkand, 371; in
Syr Daria, 376; in Tobolsk, 382; in Tomsk, 386; in Irkutsk,
390; in Yakutsk, 396; in Yeniseisk, 401 ; in Amur, 4Q5; in Mari-
time Province, 410; in Sakhalin, 411.

Hot springs on Lake Baikal, 497.

House, the Siberian, 303.

Humboldt visits Semipalatinsk, 216.

Humidity, relative, 525.

Huns, 5, 217.

Hyrcania, the ancient, 26, 31.

/

T C£ gorges in the Yenisei, 82, 83 ; in the Lena, 86; as a rock, 97, 100.

Igdy, wells of, 236^ 24a
Ilisk, 51.

Illiteracy less among the Raskolniks, 267.
Imeritians, 273, 344.

Immigration, favorite mode of, 303, 309.
Insects of Western Siberia, 565.
Ingush, the, 344.

Inundations of the lower Amur, 1191

Irkutsk, 199; founded, 140; museum at, 253, 388; description o^ 39a
Irkutsk, province of, area and population of, 388; physical character-
istics of, 389; census returns from, 390.
Iron in Akmolinsk, 349; in Semirechensk, 354; in Irkutsk, 389, 390;

in Transbaikalia, 392.
Iron foundries in Irkutsk, 39a

Irrigation, difficulties of, 40, 51, 446; possibilities of, 445.
Ishim, 379t

Isinei, Prince, defeated by Khabaroff, 171.
Islands.

Bear, 92, 109.

Beli« 92.



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INDEX 599

Iilandf.

Diomede, 254.

Fadievskoi, log.

Khaigalogsky, 105.

Kotclnoi, 107, 108, 105^

Liakhof, 107, 108, 105^

Lighthouse, 109.

Maloi, 107, 109.

Medvid. See Beai.

New Siberian, ga, 107.

Sakhalin, q, v,

Sibiriakof, 96.

White. See Btix

Wrangel, 92.
Ivan III., 7.
Ivan IV., 10.
Ivan the Terrible, 129^ 187.

7

JAPAN, prehistoric remains in, 252; competition of, with Russia, 477;
distractions of, 478.
Jaxartes. See Syr Daua.
Jeanette, wreck of, 102.
Jenghiz Khan, 5, 39, 50, 217, 261, 269.
Jews in Siberia, 290; in Trans-Caucasia, 344.
Jizak, 233.

Judicial factors, 462; system, 4691
Jugara in Ferghana, 369.

K

J^ABARDANS, 275.

Kainsk, 383.
Kalgan, 475.
Kamchadales, 157, 256, 407.



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6oo ASIATIC RUSSIA

Kamchatka, description of, 88; geology of, 89; climate of, 89; naval
station on, 90, 199; conquest of, 150-159; remoteness of, 151,
158; resources of, 156; calamities in, 157; naval station aban-
doned, 205; flora of, 553, 555-559; fauna of, 567.
Kansk, fort at, 196, 397.
Kara, prisoners, 329.
Karabutak, fort esUblished at, 221.
Kara-Kirghiz, 267, 368.
Kara-kum, 236, 375.
Karapapans, 344.
Karatcho, 130.

Karelin, scientific expedition of, 216.
Karkaralinsk, population of, 350.
Kars, province of, 343.
Karshi, 363.
Kartlinians, 272.

Kashchenko, Prof., discovers paleolithic remains at Tomsk, 251, 511.
Kashgar, 49, 353-

Katte-Kurgan, Emir of Bokhara defeated, 227.
Kaufmann, General, career of, in Turkestan, 227-239
Kazalinsk, 373-
Kennan, G., criticized, 323-
Kerminch, 363.

Kerosene in Transcaspian Province, 356.
Keycs, C., observations of, 507.

KhabaroflF, E. P., history of, 166; sets out for the Amur, 167; compre-
hensive plans oi, 168; descends the Amur, 169; erects fort at
Khabarovsk, 170; defeats the Manchurians, 171; retreats up the
river, 173; recalled, 174; work of, 175.
Khabarovsk, 166, 199; fort erected at, 170; site chosen by Muravieff,

204; founded, 213; growth of, 407.
Khalata, 234.



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INDEX 6oi

Khinghanski, 209.

Khiva, province of, oasis of, 35, lap; slavery in, 216, 230^ 239. 3^;

futile efforts of Russians to subdue, 230, 231; duplicity of its

rulers, 231; final subjugation of, 232-239; area and population

of, 365; present relation of, to Russia, 366.
Khodjaili, 365.

Khokandian kingdom, 320, 222, iaB.
Khoja-Niag, fort established at» 222.
Khojent, 41 ; captured, 226.
Khudahyr, 369.
Khuzar, 363.

Kiakhta, mounds ne&r> 253.
Kief, captured, 6; paleolithic num at, 251.
Kilif, 33, 35.
Kintorsk, fort at, 158.
Kipchaks, 368.
Kirensk, 388.
Kirin, province of, 412.
Kirghiz. See Tartars.
Kirghiz-Kazaks. See Kirghiz-Tartass.
Kirghiz Steppe, flora of, 540.
Kirghiz-Tartars, home of, 215; submit to Russian rule, 217, 269, 473;

oppressed by Khokandians and Khivans, 222; divisions of, 267;

surrender to Jenghiz Khan, 269; in Akmolijisk, 348; in Syr

Daria 373; in Turgai, 359.
Kistins, 344.
Kizyl-kum, 374.
Kluchevskaia Sopka, 89.
Kobeleff, successor of Atlasoff, 155.
Kokand, 41, 368; annexed to Russia, 228.
Kokandians, conflict of, with Russans, 22a
Kokchetaf, population of, 347.



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6o2 ASIATIC RUSSIA

Kolimsk, 3^

Kolisoff^ 155-

Koltso, Ivan, 9, 129^ 130.

Kokpek, population of, 35c

Kopal, 57, 352; founded, 318.

Koriaks, 153, 256, 407. 473-

Kosh Kurgan, fort established at, 32a.

Kovalik, S^ 3i9-

Kozyrefsld, 157.

Krasnovodsk, 331, 336, 356.

Krasnoyarsk, 73, 81, 397> 398.

Krestovaia Gora, 18.

Kropotkin, Prince, cited on Dauria, 113; on Siberian prisons, 331; on

Alexander, exile of, 318; on Russian colonists, 391; on the

upper Lena, 488.
Kudiyakof, 319*

Kuldja, 47, 49; restored to China, 50; captured by the Russians, 339.
Kulikovo, battle of, 7.
Kulundinskaia Steppe, 384.
Kumarski, 176, 309, 3ia
Kumians, 344.

Kungrad, Verefldn at, 337; size of, 365.
Kurds, 344.
Kurgan, 379.

Kusnetsk, founded, 134; population of, 383.
Kutais, 30; antiquity of, 373.
Kutais, province of, 343.
Kutchum, Khan of Siberia, 10; defeated by Yermak, 135, 137; seeks

the Tsar's protection, 133; death of, 133.



T ABOR organizations, 466.
Lakes.
Baikal, q. v.



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INDEX 603



Lakes.

Balkash, q. v,
Baratala, 49.
Bogdanata, 43.
Bolshoe, 69.
Bulan Kul, a&
Chany, 67, 381.
Chatir Kul, 219^
Chel-Kar Tingcz, 52, 358.
Dali Nor, iii.
Goktcha, 24.

Great Kara Kul, 28^ 3^
Irghen, 175.

Issyk-kul, 40, 44, 46, 21&
Khanka, 117.
Kizi, 118, 201.
Koso-gol, 71.
Little Kara Kul, 28.
Manytch, 54.
Oron, 161.
Sairam-Nor, 49.
Sary-kamysh, 37, 24a
Taimur, 99.
Tarcmskia, 392.
Tcletskoi, 67, 383.
Tuz-Kane, 43.
Victoria, 28
Zaizan, 66, 35a
Lake Baikal, general description of, 74-77; depth of, 75 ; Arctic seal

in, 76, 503, 560; navigation of, 77; as a summer resort, 444;

age of, 493, 496; earthquakes about, 496; hot springs on, 497;

effect on temperature, s^ 523.



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6o4 ASIATIC RUSSIA

Lake Balkash, 51, 3Si; description of, 57; possible abc^tion of, 447.

Land of the Chukches, 87.

Land of the Seven Streams, 4.

Land, tenure of, 312.

Lane, A. C, on the depth of frozen soil, sia

Language of the Mongols, 255.

Lazas, 344.

Lead in Semipalatinsk, 351.

Leather in Ferghana, 370 ; in Amur, 405.

Lena River, basin of, 83-86; general description of, 84; delta of, 103-
107, 141, 420.

Lepsinsk, 352.

Lesghians resist the Russ^s, 248; home of, 276; in Trans-Caucasia,
344.

Level of land, recent changes in, 56, 100, 105, 4g4, 498, 516.

Liakhof, Arctic vo)rager, 107.

Lignite in Irkutsk, 389.

Liquor in Irkutsk, 390; in Amur, 405.

Little Horde, 269.

Little Kinghan Mountains, 115; geology of, 116, 489.

Liubimoff, project for Siberian railroad, 429.

Lao-tung, province of, 412.

Loess, at base o€ Ararat, 24; in Turkestan, 38, 42, 498; in the valley
of the Chu, 50; in Southern Russia, 498, 500, 503; in Missouri
Valley, 500; distribution of through Asia, 500-503; in China,
501; wind theory of, 502; terraces of, south of Lake Balkash,

503.
Lomakin, General, explores the Uzboi, 24a
Lumber in Trianscaspian Province, 356.
Lutherans in Siberia, 290.



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INDEX 605

M

J^AINOFF, 319^

Maize in Bokhara, 364; in Syr Daria, 376.
Makhmetkul, 127.

Makozof, Colonel, sets out for Khiva, 236; disastrous failure of, 337.
Mamai, 7.
Mammoth, bones, discovery o£ at the mouth of the Kolyma, 107, 144;

on New Siberian Islands, 107, 512; near the Ebrosowka, 576-578;

near Tomsk, 251, 509; in Yeniseisk, 400; original home of, 513;

habits of, 513; dispersion of, 513, 574; causes of extinction of,

S14. 577-581 ; number of, 575-
Manas, 48.
Manchuria, invaded by Khabaroff, 170; area of, 412; population of,

412, 413; China's relation to, 413; Russians' occupation of, 414,

473; robber trusts in, 414; railroads in, 437; flora of, 553*559;

fauna of, 568.
Manchus, 413.
Manegrs, 259.
Mangishlak, 356.

Manufactures, home, 447; necessity of, 45a
Margelan, 41.
Mariinsk, 204, 383.
Maritime Province, 406-411; area and population of, 406; physical

characteristics of, 408; census returns from, 410; flora of, 548-

559; fauna of, 567.
Marmots in Akmolinsk, 349.
Martens in Akmolinsk, 349.
Martianof, Dr. N., work of, 72, 318, 541.
Mazandaran, 26.

Meat, dried, in Transcaspian Province, 357.
Melville, search of, for De Long, 102.



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6o6 ASIATIC RUSSIA

Meriam, King, converted, 245.

Merke, 46.

Merv, oasis oi, 32, 355 ; Russian advance on» 243 ; antiquity of, 264.

Messerschmidt, D. A., scientific expedition of, 192.

MeyendorflF, dtcd, 58.

Middendorff, expedition of, 9^

Middle Horde, 269.

Military road in Siberia, 425.

Millet in Semipalatinsk, 352; in Semirechensk, 354; in Transcaspian
Province, 356; in Fergluuia, 370; in Syr Daria, 376; in Trans-
baikalia, 393; in Maritime Province, 410.

Mikhetsk, capital of Georgian kingdom, 245.

Mines, 305; in Minusinsk, 72, 398; favor civilization, 184, 306.

Mingrelians, 273, 344.

Minin expels the Poles, 189.

Minusinsk, 184; archaeology and natural history of, 72, 253, 318, 397,
402; resources of, 397; mountain systems of, 398; flora of, 541.

Mir. See Village Commune.

Mithridates, expedition of, to the Caucasus, 21.

Mitylenians, 344.

Monasteries, peculiarities of Russian, 292.

Mongolia, early history of, 3.

Mongols, 407; origin of, 254; characteristics of, 255; language of,
256.

Morozoko, L., expedition of, 153.

Moose in Maritime Province, 410; American, habits of, 58a

Moscow, captured, 7.

Mosquitoes, 381.

Mounds, prehistoric, 252.

Mountain passes.

Dariel, 18; changes of level in, 507.
Khojent, 367.



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INDEX

Mountain ptssei,

Mtuaut, 47.

Tasak, 38.

Terek, 367.

Turgat, 2191
Mountain peaks.

Alaghez (13436), 20.

Ararat (17,112), 20, 24, 55*

Baba Dagh, 19.

Bieluka (11,000), 383.

Demavend (18^600), 26, 5$.

Dora (16,500), 55.

Dych Tau (16,925), 17.

Elburz (18,526), 17, 55-

Kaufmann (22,500), 28, 55.

Kazbek (16,546), 17.

Khan-tengri (24,060), 29^ 46, 55, 219, 353.

Koschitajn Tau (17,100), 17.

Manas (15,000), 374.

Matichinga (8,200), 87.

Mungu Sarduik (8,000), 388.

MusUgh Au (25,800), 2&

Pillar (1,000), 104.

Savelan (14,000), 26.

Stolb. See PnxAi.
Mountain flanges.

Alai Tagh, 29.

Alexandrovskii, q. v.

Altai, q, v.

Baikal, 75.

Balkan, 27, 6a

Biranga, 99.



607



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6o8 ASIATIC RUSSIA

Mountaiii raages.

Boro-khoro, 47.

Bureya. See Ltttlb Kinghak.

Caucasus, q. v.

Eastern Ala-Uu, 30, 353» Soa

Elburz, 26.

Great Kinghan, q, v.

Himalaya, 28.

Hindu Kush, 2a

Kara Tau, 29, 43. 374-

Kara Ulak, 104.

Kopet Dagh, 27, 31*

Kuren Dagh, 27.

Little Kinghan, q- v.

Nulla Tau, 29» 374-

Olkhon, 75.

Sailughen, 385*

Salair, 385.

Sayan, q, v.

Sikhota-Alin, q, v.

Stanovoi, q. v.

Suram, 19.

Tarbagatai, q, v.

Taurus, 26.

Tian-Shan, q, v.

Verkhoyiansk, 104, 395.

Western Ala-tau, 30, 353, SOQ, 5"-

Yablonoi, g. v.

Yeniseisk, 71.

Ural, 14, 95» 124.
Mountains, flora of the, 54^-548.



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INDEX 609

Mules in Scmircchensk, 354; in Transcaspian Province, 356; in Turgai,
359; Ml Uralsk, 361; in Syr Daria, 377; in Tomsk, 386; in
Amur, 405; in Maritime Province, 410.

Muravieff (Count Amurski), dareer of, 199-214, 426, 473.

Museums, at Minusinsk, 72, 253, 318, 402; at Irkutsk, 253; at Tashkent,
265 ; at Krasnoyarsk, 402 ; at Yeniseisk, 402.

Museums, military, at Geok-Tepe, 242; at Tiflis, 247.

Mushketoff, cited, 57» 375, 485.

Mustard seed in Semirechensk, 354.

N

^AGAITZIANS, 344.
Namangan, 41, 368.

Natural history, chapters on, 485-581.

Navigation, internal, scheme for promotion of, 37, 54, 68, 72, 78, 79, 136,
386, 429; difficulties of, in Arctic basin, 81, 182, 419; in Turke-
stan, 421 ; extent of, 419-424.

Navigation, of the Amur, 114, 203, 308, 424; of the Yenisei, 139, 307,
398, 423 ; of the Ami Sea and the Syr Daria, 221, 421 ; o£ the
Obi, 307, 381, 38s, 422; of the Irtysh, 382; of the Caspian Sea,
421 ; of the Lena, 423.

Navigation, steam, 307; improvement of, 430.

Nerchinsk, founded, 175; treaty of, 179, 181; mines near, 185; peas-
ants, converted into Cossacks, 201.

Nerphilieff, M., exploring expedition of, 161.

Nesselrode, 201, 208.

Nevelskoy, Admiral, enters the Amur, 200; occupies it, 204.

New Margelan, 367.

New Siberian Islands, discovery of, 107; mammoth remains in, 107;
of other extinct animals, 108; geology of, 109.

New Urgend, 365.



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6io ASIATIC RUSSIA

NgatkQus, 259.

Niazbek, captured, 224,

Nicholaf I., 199, aoa

Nigidals, 259.

Nihilism, spread of, 3161

Nijni Kamchatka, 155, 157.

Nijni Kolymsk, 109^ iia

Nijni Udinsk, 588.

Nikolaievsk, joo, 213.

Nikolsk-Usuri, 407.

Nikon, reforms of, 281.

Nim, influence of, in Georgia, 245.

Nindemann, rescued, 102.

Nordenskjold, exploring expedition of, 80, 88, 93, 96, loi.

Noros, rescued, 102.

North America, similarity of flora o4 to Maritime Prorince, 555-559.

Northeast Territory, conquest ot 147-150; discovery of, 147; con*

flicting parties in, 148; oppression of natives in, 150.
Northern Mongols, physical characteristics of, 255; linguistic, 255.
Novgorod, battle of, 188.
Novo Alexandrovskii, fort at, 221.



/^ASIS of Merv, 32, 355; of Khiva, 35, 229, 365; of Bokhara, 39; of

Tashkent, 42; of Chimkent, 42; of Aulieata, 43; of Kuldja, 50;

of Vemi, 50, 218; of Minusinsk, 71, 397, 541.
Oats, in Akmolinsk, 349 ; in Semipalatinsk, 352 ; in Semirechensk, 354 ;

fn Tobolsk, 382; in Tomsk, 386; in Transbaikalia, 390; in Amur,

405 ; in Maritime Province, 41a
Obdorsk, 96, 379.
Obi River, basin of, 65-70; tributaries of, 65; upper portion of, 67;

proximity to the Yenisei, 68; stdun navigation of, 307; lower

portion of, 419.



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INDEX 6ii

Ogdai, death of, 6,

Okhotsk, SK>, 407; flora of» 555-559-

Old Margelan, 367.
Olekminsk, 141, 394.
Omsk, 66; fort at, 196; population of, 347; climate of, 348; business

of, 349.
Orenburg, 196; fort at, established, 221; expedition from, 237,
Oroches, 259.
Ossetes, 275, 344.

Osten-Sacken, Baron, expedition of, 2aa
Ostiaks, J79, 399; oppressed by the Tartars, 123, 128; characteristics

of, 261.
Ostrogofski's project for Siberian railroad, 43a
Ostrogoths, 5.

Otters in Maritime Province, 41a
Owzyn, expeditions of, 96.



pACIFIC border, flora of, 548-558.

Paleolithic mlan, at Kief. 251, 510; near Tomsk, 252, 509.
Pallas, P. S., scientific expedition oi, 193.
Pamir, 28; geology of, 485.
Panthers in Akmolinsk, 349.
Parthians, 27.
Pashkoff, 191.

Pavlodar, population of, 35a
Peace, importance of, 453.

Peas, in Semipalatinsk, 352; in Semirechenck, 354; in Tobolsk, 384.
Peasants, religious character of, 461-463.
Pendjakent, 38.
Peninsulas,

Apsheron, 27.



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6ia ASIATIC RUSSIA

Penintttks»

Taimur, q. v,
Yalmal, 93, ^79-

Permiak, 148.

Pcrovsk, 42, 44. 52, 373; founded, 233.

Pcrovski, General, expedition of, 230.

Petchenegs, 267.

Peter the Great, 190, 191; assists the Georgians, 246; as a reformer,
283, 468; breaks the power of the Strielitz, 314.

Petro-Alexandrovsk, 373.

PetroflF Glacier, 40.

Petroleum, discovered by Alexander the Great, 448; in Ferghana, 370;
in Yeneseisk, 401 ; at Baku, 421.

Petropavlovsk, 67, IS7» i99» 202; fortress attacked, 204, 407; population
of, 347; business of 349.

Petrovskia, 184, 192.

Phihrete, 190.

Phosphorus matches made in Irkutsk, 390.

Pioneers, characteristics of, 150, 179.

Pishpek, 46, 352; fort of, captured, 220.

Poland, opposed to Moscow, 7; early antagonism to Russia, 261.

Political factors, 463.

Popovists, 284.

Popular elements retained, 464.

Population, increase of, statistics, 439; through immigration, 440;
through excessive birth-rate, 440, 455 ; possibilities of, 453.

Porcelain works in Irkutsk, 390; in Yeniseisk, 401.

Portages, 68, 78, 85, 139, 141, 142, 162, 167.

Postal system, perfection of, 458.

Post roads, 279; extent and character of, 424-427; speed on, 426; com-
fort of, 427; cheapness of, 427.

Post-Tertiary geology, 498-516.



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INDEX 613



Potatoes in Akmdinsk, 349; in Semipalatinsk, 352; in Semirechenck,
354; in Ferghana, 370; in Syr Daria, 376; in Tomsk, 386; in
Transbaikalia, 393; in Yakutsk, 396; in Yeniseisk, 401 ; in Amur,
405; in Maritime Province, 410; in Sakhalin, 411.

PoyarkoflF, V^ career of, 161-166; enters the Amur, 162; descends the
Amur, 164; returns to Yakutsk, 165.

Pozharski, Prince, expels the Poles, 189.

Pre-historic monuments from Finland to Japan, 252.

Prester John, 45.

Prisons, abuses of in Siberia, 323, 331 ; in New York, 324 ; in France,
332; in Arkansas, 332; in Ohio, 333; in Minnesota, 335; in
Southern States of America, 336.

Prontschischev, Lieutenant, melancholy fete of, loi.

Prshevalsk, 353.

Pshavs, 344.

Pugatcheff the Pretender, 194, 361.

Putiatin, Admiral, 210.

R

n AILROAD projected through Mongolia, 437, 474 ; from Orenburg to
Tashkent, 449; through Afghanistan and Persia, 450, 475.

Railroad^ in Manchuria, Chinese-Eastern, 437, 473.

Railroads in Siberia, 427-437; first projects for, 428; proposal to use
hprses on, 428; Mr. Collin's project, 428; Liubimoffs, 429;
Ostrof ski's, 430; Siedensner's, 430; final plans, 431; Trans-
continental schedule, 432-436.

Railroads in Turkestan, the Trans-Caspian, 448.

Railroad transportation, cheapness of, 311, 457.

Rainfall, diminution of, 46, 52, 57, 67, 71; in Akmofinsk, 348; in
Irkutsk, 389; former increase of, 505; present, in Asiatic Russia,
526-530; heaviest, 527; least, 5^; seasonal distribution of, 529.

Raskolniks, history and characteristics of, 280-290, 459, 468; prosperity
of, 287; as colonists, 288, 315, 36Q, 391; number of, 289; family
life of, 30a



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6i4 ASIATIC RUSSIA

Razin, S^ rebellioD of, 190^ 361.

Reindeer^ usefulness of^ 257, 259; in Yakutsk, 596; in Yeniseisk, 401;

in Maritime Province, 408, 41a
Religions, statistics of, 460; influence of, upon the peasants, 461.
Religious dissenters in Siberia, 186^ 280-290^ 459.
Representative institutions, 468.

Rice in Semirechensk, 354; in Transcaspian Province, 356; in Fer-
ghana, 369; in Samarkand, 370J in Syr Daria, 376; in Maritime
Province, 410.
Rikatcheff, Gen., work on climatology, 518.
Ritter, C^rl, quoted, 25.
Rivers,

Abakan, 71.

Aksu, 51.

Alazan^ 23.

Aldan, 85, 142, 160, 423.

Alea,6a

Amga, 85.

Amgun. 176.

AiQU-IXiria, q, v.

Amur, q. v.

Anabara, 99^ 106.

Anadyr, 88^ 148.

Angara, 73, 7^ 78.

Aras, 23.

Araxes. Set AsA8.

Argun, 114, 424.

Arys, 42.

Atrek, 27, 31, 241.

Ayaguz, 51.

Badan. 376.

Baksjiu, 486.



Digitized by VjOOQIC



INDEX 615



Rhrert.

Bargutiiif 75.

Bartang, 33.

Baskan, 51.

Berdu, 68.

Biya, 67, 384.

Bugtin, 42.

Bukhtarma, 66^ 351, 383.

Burcya, 115, 424.

Chatkal, 374.

Chikoi, 74.

Chirchik, 4a.

Chita, 113.

Chu, 44.

Chulym, 68, 422.

Chumut, 68.

Churut, 6a

Chusovaya, 124.

Dnieper, 251.

Dzhinda, 74.

Emba, 53.

Fan, 38.

Ferghana, 41.

Gonom, 162.

Gora, 23.

Gorbitza, 198.

Gulsha, 41.

IH, 47.

IHm. 78, 423.

Ina, 68.

Indigirka, 87, 109, 142, 145.

Ingoda, 112.



Digitized by VjOOQIC



6i6 ASIATIC RUSSIA

Rivers.

Irghiz, 52.

Irkut, A jgp.

Irtysh, 6s, 35a 351.

Iset, 67,

Ishim, 66, 425.

Kama, 430.

Kamchatka, %^

Kan, 397.

Karaifehck, 4a.

Karatal, 51.

Kas, e^-i^

Kash, 47.

Kasligar, 34.

Katun, 67, 383.

Keles, 42.

Kerulun, iii.

Kct, 68, 78.

Khan, 73.

Khatanga, 99, 100.

Khilok, 74.

Khroma, 106.

Kizil-Uzcn, 26.

Kobdo, 383.

Kokan, 51.

Kolyma, 85, 87, 109^ iio^ 144.

Kuma, 54.

Kumara, 176.

Kunges, 47.

Kur, 23.

Kurgati, 44.

Kurgum, 66.



Digitized by



Goosle



INDEX 617

Rivers.

Kurtschum, 351.

Kytok, 7^ 389.

Lena, q. v,

Leps^ 51.

Lomovotayta, 136.

Lower Ttmguska, j%, 85.

Middle Tunguska, 7a

Murghab, 32.

Maya, 85.

MazQra, 147.

Naryn, 40, 44, 66^ 351.

Nercha, 112.

Obi, q. V.

Oka, 78.

Olekma, 84, 167, 423.

Olenek, 86, 99, 106^ 141.

Om, 66.

Omolon, 87.

Onon, III.

Oxus. See Amu-Daua.

Panjah, 33.

Phasis. See RiON.

Piasina, 98.

Podkamennaya. See Middle Tunguska.

Rion, 21.

Sarai-su, 52, 347.

Sarken, 51.

Selcqga, 71, 73* 74. 430.

Serebaianka, 124.

Shilka, 84, 112, 160, 43a

Shiskit, 71.



Digitized by VjOOQIC



6i8 ASIATIC RUSSIA

Rhrert.

Silinga, 115.
Siram, 376.
Suifun, 117.
Sunbar, 27, 241.
Sunga, 24.
Sungari q, v.
Sunsala, 117.
Sym, 6g,7a
Syr Daria, q, v.
Taitnur, 98.
Taghil, 125.
Talas, 43, 5^, 374*
Tara, 66.
Tarim, 34-
Tasncba, 399-
TTavda, 67.
Tcjcnd, 31.
Tekcs, 47.
Terek, 54.
Tobpl, 67, 422.
Tom, 68, 422.
Tuba, 7h 397.
Tuman, 117.
Tura, 67, 127, 422.
Turgai, 52.
Turka, 75-
Tym, 69,78.
Tzipa, 161.
Ud, 408.

Uda, 66, 74* 78, 91.
Uli*, 165.



Digitized by



Goosle



INDEX 619



Rivers.

Ulu-kem. See Shiskit.

Upper Angara, 75.

Uppei\ Tunguska. See Angaka.

Ural,. 53.
Urka, 167.
Uruk, 78, 389.
Usolka, 399.
Usuri, 114, 117, 424.
Utchur, 85, 161, 162.
Vilui, 85.

Vitim, 84, 161, 423.
Volga, SZ*
Waghcsh, 33.
Yagnov, 38.
Yana, 86, 142.
Yani Daria, 42, 52.
Yazevoya, 136.
Yenisei, q, v,
Zerafshan, 36, 38* 43.
Zcya, 85, 91, "5.
Rivers, freezing and opening of, 532.
Roads from China to Turkestan, 48; military 67; in Northeastern

Siberia, 85.
Romanoff family, 188.

Romanovski, General, succeeds Chemaie£F, 226.

Russia, subjugation of, by Tartars, 5; expels the Tartars, 7; growth
of centralization in, 8; first advance of, into Asia, 10; occupa-
tion of Asia by, chapters on, 121 ; increase of population in, 181 ;
internal history of, from 1582 to 1799, 187-197; colonization of,
chapter on, 278-313; conservatism of, 282; family in, 300; unifi-
cation of, 470; foreign relations of, 472-481; expansion ol^ in



Digitized by VjOOQIC



620 ASIATIC RUSSIA

Asia, logical and natural, 472; and the Eastern Qoestion, 476;

and the Turkish Empire, 480 ; natuxlal protector of the Christians

in the East, 480; unique position of, 481.
Russian Church, reforms in, 281 ; doctrines of, 291 ; priesthood of, 292 ;

tolerance of, 292; relation to state, 292, 4^; influence o^ 293;

mission of, 293 ; worship of, 294, 461-463 ; activity of, 295.
Russian government, popular institutions retained in, 296, 297, 298, 301,

361, 464, 466^ 478; character of, 462-471; departments of, 465;

limitations of, 465; representative institutions in, 468; judicial

system, 469; departments of, in Asia, 470.
Russian policy, 185, 198, 201, 212, 219, 221, 226^ 229^ 23S, 249; with

reference to colonization, 279, 310; with reference to dissenting

religious sects, 249, 286; to established religions, 290^ 293, 459;

to revolutionists, 316; respecting immigration, 455; transporta-
tion, 456; postal rates, 458; orthodox church, 46a.
Russian soldiers, gallantry of, 227.
Ryazan, capture of, 5.
Rybnoie, 99.
Rye, in Semipalatinsk, 352; in Semirechensk, 354; in Tobdsk, 382; in

Tomsk, 386; in Transbaikalia, 393.



CABLES, in Yakutsk, 396; in Maritime Province, 41a

Sakhalin, 120; explored, 202; exiles in, 329; physical conditions

of, 411; census returns from, 411.
Salmon, in the Caspian, 64; in Lake Baikal, 76; in the Amur and

Usuri, 119.
Salt in Akmolinsk, 349; in Uralsk, 361 ; in Bokhara, 364; in Yeniseisk,

401.
Salt lakes in Akmolinsk, 348; in Semipalatinsk, 352; in Bokhara, 364;


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