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CiJKflSIGHIP DEPOSIT.




MARK TWAIN.



ENCYCLOPEDIA

FOR THE HOME

A COMPLETE LIBRARY

OF ■

THE BEST LITERATURE

OP

THE BEST AUTHORS

Selected with a View to Home Reading, and the Inspiring, Ennobhng,
Elevating, Refining Influence in the Home Life



EDITED BY



(J ''



MARSHALL EVERETT y

The Well Known Attiiok and IIistorian



THE WIT AND WISDOM OF THE GREATEST WRITERS

Origin of the World's Favorite Songs. Appropriate and Instrnctive Selections
in Poetry and Prose, Jewels of Patriotism and Selections for the Children.
Including Anecdotes and Biographies of Great Authors and Orators. AVitty
After-Dinner Speeches by Men of Note, Great Historical Orations, All Sorts of
Humor by the Greatest Humorists. ^ ^ :# ^ # ^



SUPERBLY ILLUSTRATED •'*

INCLUDING A GALLERY OF PORTRAITS OF GREAT AUTHORS
COLUMBIA PUBLISHING HOUSE

CHICAGO, ILI.INOTS



UBRARY of CONGRESS
Two Cooies Recehred

DEC 7 »905

- CopyiifW Entry

/fc-ASS O. XXC.KO.

fCfX9f
COPY B.






OOPYErGHT 1905

By

T. A. WANEK



All rights strictly reserved
Encyclopedia for the Home




HENRY WADSWORTH LONGFELLOW was thirty-two years of age when his
first book of verses was published. When "Hiawatha," "Evangeline," "Miles Standish," and
creations of that class came out, the sales were very large. Longfellow was a scholar, a
devoted student and a literary genius, whose fame will grow with the advancing years. He
spent many years in Europe, and at the time of his death, in 1882, had occupied the chair
of belles lettres at Harvard University nearly forty-five years. He was born in Maine in
1807. He is regarded by many as the most representative poet to whom America has
given birth.




OLIVER WENDELL HOLMES, the poet, was primarily a physician, although he
studied law at the same time he was attending a medical school. He was professor of
anatomy at Dartmouth College and Harvard University for a time, and then began the
practice of medicine in Boston. Writing verses was natural to him, and he first began his
poetic career while a student at college. In 1857, when forty years of age, "The Autocrat
of the Breakfast Table" was issued, which made his standing in the literary world secure.
He was a native of Massachusetts. His death occurred in 1894. His son is now a Justice
of the Supreme Court of the Ignited States.



PREFACE



^









OREMOST in the preparation and presentation of this work one great
object has been sought — to place in the hands of the entire household
o-ems of literature calculated to uplift, broaden and awaken that which is
noblest in each nature. The grandest and most sublime efforts of the
world's greatest authors have been gathered in concise form, affording to
the busiest man, the woman encompassed by multitudinous duties or the
child barred by circumstances from access to the great libraries opportu-
nity to become familiar with those who achieved most in the world of
letters and to enjoy the most striking types of their literary products.

Poet, novelist, historian and dramatist alike find a place within its
covers. The honored writers of the past who have gone to ther last re-
ward breathe forth their messages of hope, love and ambition from these
pages. The living members of this guild that has done so nuich to enrich
mankind have not\een neglected. Their burning words in story, song and essay will
here be found, inviting closer acquaintance, and endless source of amusement, instruction,
and — to the thoughtful— inspiration.

In this day of universal education an 1 of popular cultivation of the arts and sciences
it is the acknowledged duty of each individual to move with the procession to the best of
his ability and assimilate his full share of knowdedge and culture.

Books are the only things that never die. To that fact we owe the education, cul-
ture and refinement of this period, for we have as our grandest heritage everything that
man has acquired of a useful, enlightening or entertaining character, and set down in
books, through the ages of the past.

Carneo-ie and other great men of vast resources have felt it their obligation to the
world to devote their wealth to the dissemination of learning, inspiration and hope
through the establishment of libraries where less favored men could draw on this heritage
through the medium of books. The same work has long been undertaken by municipal-
ities, villages and organizations of all kinds, including churches and Sunday schools.

- ' A grand result has been accomplished, yet the lofty aim has failed in part. The
failure is ?n this : although we as a people maintain all men are born equal, no solemn
declaration nor effort on our part has ever resulted in equalizing opportunity. While li-
braries teem with the wealth of the ages in book form, the business cares and demands
crowding on many men prevent them from bestowing upon themselves the time to read
that for^which their souls crave and which would do so much to advance them socially
and in a business way. The same is true of countless thousands of busy housewives, de-
voting their time and energy to husband and children at the sacrifice of their own mental

development.

The circumstances that abridge the opportunities of the parents reflect with m-
creased force upon the children and deprive them of the intellectual food that has now

;. _.- 5 _. ■. '



6 PREFACE.

become a necessity. To those living amid the fields that feed the world this analysis will
appeal as a bitter truism. With ample means at hand and the leisure that winter brings,
they must still contend with environment as a handicap in the race of life. The isolation
of the small town and ':he farm operate to abridge opportunity in this direction regardless
of prosperity in a material way and the proud independence that is the chief glory of the
husbandman.

It was with a full appreciation of these facts that the work of preparing this vol-
ume was undertaken, in the belief that a fruitful yet neglected field invited the labor.
From almost innumerable volumes the best efl:"orts of their authors have been culled, af-
fording at least one example of the v/riter's ablest efifort. In many instances several se-
lections are given, affording opportunity to contrast the style and moods in which the
producer worked.

Here then is in brief an introduction to the recognized authors of the world, both
those of today and those who have gone before. It is an opportunity to meet the famous
writer in his happiest mood when he is at his best without the expenditure of time neces-
sary to grope with him from his early efforts until the period when recognition has been
forced. Instead of pursuing that long and tortuous method of gaining close acquaint-
ance, we greet him at the psychological moment when he has won fame and attained
success with a stroke of the pen. The very words that won for him are the medium of
the introduction.

More than a mere introduction to any single author, however, it is the aim to
make this volume the literary "open door" — not to the east, nor to any section, but to the
entire world of letters. Through this "open door" we. will enter at the most interesting
moment, being ushered into a vast congress of writers of all climes and all ages. Each is
seeking to bestow upon us the best he has to give. Casting aside in forgetfulness our un-
preparedness, due to neglect or lack of opportunity in the past, the common usages of
good society compel us to feel at home at this reception.

Concealing from even ourselves for the moment the countless demands upon our
time, duty compels us to enjoy the hour to the uttermost. The hour! Not one, but many
hours — yea days, weeks and months may be passed in this goodly company with profit to
ourselves and to those with whom we will come in contact and upon whom will reflect the
lofty thought, the polish and the understanding we shall acquire in this classic society.

Nor will the flight of time dim the friendships we shall make or the vistas of sound
thought and the avenues of pleasure our new acquaintances open to us. Throughout the
fleeting years the "open door" shall beckon, enticing us to brief sessions with old and hon-
ored friends and inviting us to make new ones.

And these friends are the kind that are firm and true. Neither trouble nor adversity
will cause them to desert us. If we drink deeply of the profifered glass of friendship, if
we quaff in hearty spirit from the loving-cup, loneliness shall become a forgotten term,
meaning naught to us. Who would be lonely when on the book shelf or table near at
hand rests a magic casket, which needs but to be lifted and opened to send trooping forth
an army of comforters and entertainers. To prove such a boon this work was designed.

To the tired man, wearied with the common-place drudgeries of business or indus-
trial life, this casket will summon philosophers with soothing and optimistic truths that
will drive dull care away. Or, if occasion require, from its depths he may call forth ora-
tors whose noble and inspiring utterances will impart new strength and awaken dormant




WILLIAM DEAN HOVVELLS is one of the most popular writers of fiction in Amer-
ica, and his works have had a wide circulation. The most conspicuous feature of his books
is their absolute cleanliness. He has never written anything of an immoral or suggestive
nature, and for this reason his influence upon the literature of the United States has been
for the greatest good. He is one of the classic authors of the time, the purity of his English
being worthy of study by young men and women who have an ambition to make names for
themselves in the realm of literature. Mr. Howells has lived in the East many years, hav-
ing journeyed there from Ohio, where he' was born in 1837.




ii-Lvi/\i\i i^ui^LHiN aKY i ij.y J. , jju\_l, tuiuui, idwyci, dim itiuciu biudeni oi literature,
was a descendant, on his mother's side, of John Alden; his family characteristics were
those of the stern and severe Puritans. Bryant was- born at Cummington, Massachusetts,
in 1794, and died in New York City in 1878, where, for many years, he had been the
editor of the Evening Post. He began to write verses at an early age, his father encourag-
ing him in this, and was but eighteen years old when he composed the imperishable "Thana-
topsis."



PREFACE. " 9

ambition, urging him on to action when he would procrastinate and perchance do nothing
more. Wit, too, that most subtle of gifts, will obey his call and come forth with smiling
face and unctuous jest to make merry an otherwise sad hour.

Woman, weighted down with the multiplicity of details that are the lot of the sac-
rificing wife and mother, will find within this magic casket many valued friends. The
soft voice of the poet will assail her in unhappy moments with a message of love and
cheer and hope, awakening the echoes of music of other days, half forgotten in the
humdrum of daily existence. To her the writers of her sex will softly whisper words
that will awaken vibrations in her own heart. Their tears will mingle in a common
cause, in the sunshine of their pages she will find joy and in the incidental philosophy
repose and peace.

The growing child, budding to manhood or young womanhood, who ere long must
bear the brunt and burden that is the common fate of all on this mundane sphere, may
turn to this modern Aladdin's lamp with a certain knowledge that the genii it will call
forth shall serve with faithful purpose today, tomorrow, and so long as life may last.
Truth, virtue, honesty, uprightness, honor, morality, wisdom, philosophy, ambition, cour-
age, charity, steadfastness of purpose — all these and many more constitute the genii.

It is with these attributes the great writers of prose have dealt. They have formed
the topic of the poet's song and the foundations on which the eloquence of the orator
have rested. Shall it not profit the growing child to have these grand qualities exalted
before his receptive mind while that mind is yet forming ? Exalted, not in commonplace,
homely and unattractive phraseology, but with all the force and with all the embelish-
ment that the master minds of the world have been able to bestow !

The child may summon one of the genii and receive a selection suited to his or iier
elocutionary ability for rendition in school or elsew^here, proud in the knowledge that the
selection is the best of its kind the world affords. He may find comfort, pleasure and
education within the pages of this book and at the same time without effort grasp with
lasting force the great truths upon which character is founded.

It has been no small undertaking to attempt so comprehensive a work within the
covers of one volume and it was with a spirit of reverence the task was approached.
It is not contended that all that is masterful, beautiful or entitled to recognition is pre-
sented. Rather it has been the aim to select. the best. production, or group of produc-
tions, of each author and publish it as a sort of key to the character and ability of the
producing genius. To weigh the literature of the world in order to reject that con-
sidered unavailable for a volume of this kind has been no light a-nd inconsequential un-
dertaking.

It is not unlikely that cUscussion may arise over the selections made. After all,
individual judgment of literary values nar^rows down largely to individual preferences,
and in this respect the greatest dififerences preyail. The most casual glance, however,
will make it at once apparent that the compilers have exercised conscientious judgment,
free from all prejudice in assembling the gems of thought that have been included.
Physical limitations alone made necessary the rejection of many writings entitled to
high praise. The latter, while in many instances popular, are in no instance as close to
the heart interest of the people at large as those accepted for publication.

Heart interest — the real preference of real people of flesh and blood and thought
and action — has ever been kept uppermost in mind in the work of selection, without,



lo PREFACE.

liowever, losing sight of the primary question of Hterary worth. In consequence the
vohuue hreathes of action, attainment. accompHshment. It is well that such is the case
for the modern demands on our energy are so great that every stimulus that is pure,
wholesome and healthy is a blessing.

Any who may feel that their favorite author has been slighted in not receiving
greater recognition than has been accorded him or her will do well to bear this explana-
tion in mind. All have been treated fairl}' and all deserve the space allotted them — and
perhaps more. Others, perhaps thousands, who are struggling to enrich the world in
thought and sentiment are vv'orthy of every consideration. Yet it must be remembered
that. this volume is not an attempt to present all that is good in literature, but all that
is best.

In conclusion it is to be hoped that sometime, somewhere in this volume each
reader will find something that will awaken within him a desire to follow the thought of
some particular author further and to partake more fully of the good things he or she
may have given to the world. If that result follows mankind shall have indeed profited
through this little echo of the great voice that speaks in all tongues, in all lands and
throughout all time — literature.

The book has worked miracles since first human ingenuity guided by divine intelli-
gence gave it birth. It has been, perhaps, the most potent factor in working out human
destiny through evolution. It has brought down through the centuries religion and the
storv of the fellowship of man ; it has opened the way for laws and reforms that have
made whole nations free ; it has handed from generation to generation the ever increas-
ing scientific knowledge that enables the almost blind to see, the lame to walk, and the
dying man to look with hope for the coming of the hurriedly summoned physician.

Today the book is teaching all men, rich and poor alike, to think ; and with the
growth of thought all despotism, injustice and dishonesty shall ultimately pass away.
Equality in capability to think is the coming powder that gives promise of making all men
truly equal in fact, in opportunity and in prospects.

Accept, then, this "open door" not only as a personal introduction to some of the
great men who have aided in setting this mighty power in motion, but as a tribute to them
and to their work. Let us enter, then, as gladly as though it were a triumphal arch
erected to their glorification. We shall be well repaid by the sunshine that glows within.

MARSHALL EVERETT.




MURAT HALSTEAD is a journalist whose career began about 1850. He was present
at the execution of John Brown, in 1859; was correspondent and staff officer durmg the
War of the Rebellion; was correspondent during the Franco-Prussian War; has reported
every Republican National Convention since 1856, and was editor and proprietor of the
Cincinnati Commercial many years. He was born in 1829. He has written many books
that have had an extra large sale, some of them selling over a million copies.







RALPH VVALDO EMERSON, author, preacher and scholar, was of Boston birth ; he
died at Concord, in 1882, at the advanced age of seventy-nine. Emerson's character was a
beautiful one m every way ; his writings have a grace and charm possessed by none others ;
his ideals were always high, as is evidenced by his advice to the aspiring youth of America—
"Hitch your wagon to a star." His pulpit oratory was simple, eloquent and effective. In
1833, while in England, he visited Carlyle, Coleridge and Wordsworth and formed friend-
ships which were only terminated by death.



TABLE OF CONTENTS.



PAGE

PREFACE 5

TABLE OF CONTENTS 14

HOMES OF SOME LOVED POETS 33

Longfellow's Homes 33

James Russell Lowell's Elmwood... 34

Whittier's Three Homes 36

William Cullen Bryant's Home 36

Ba:;yard Taylor's Dream of Home. ... 37
ASSUMED NAMES OF AUTHORS AND

WRITERS 39

SHORT AND SWEET SAYINGS 47

WISE AS WELL AS WITTY 49

"Bill Nye's" Philosophy 50

The Spelling Bee (John S. Dapcr) . . 52

Some of "Rose" Field's Conclusions 53
George Ade and the Modern Sort of

Fable 56

Mr. Bowser and the North Pole 58

How to Get Rid of Burglars 62

ANECDOTES OF GREAT ORATORS. ... 65

Stories Told of and by Lincoln 74

AFTER-DINNER SPEECHES 77

Grover Cleveland Says "Push" 77

Mark Twain's Account of It 79

President McKinley on "Dangers of

Empire" 82

What to Do With Ex-Presidents (By

Ex-Prcsidcnt Benjamin Harrison) . . 84
Bright Things Senator Depew Has

Said 85

Government and the People (By Gen-
eral David B. Henderson) 92

Means Freedom for Filipinos (By Pres-
ident Seth Lozu, of Columbia Univer-
sity) 92

Should Always Be Ready for War (By

General Joseph Wheeler, U.S.A.).. 94
It is America's Century (By United

States Senator A. J. Beveridge) .... 95

Senator Cullom and Patriotism 95

Tenth Marriage Anniversary 96

ORIGIN OF WORLD FAVORITES...... 97

"America" (Rev. Dr. Samuel F.

Smith) 97



page
ORIGIN OF WORLD FAVORITES— Contd.

"Praise God, From Whom All Bless-
ings Flow" (Thos. Ken) 98

"Hold the Fort" (P. P. Bliss) 98

"That Sweet Story of Old" (Mrs.

Jemima Luke) 100

"Darling Nellie Gray" (Ben R.
Hamby) loi

"Watchman, Tell Us of the Night"

(Sir John Bowering) loi

"Guide Me, O Thou Great Jehovah"

( William Williams) 103

In "The Sweet By-and-By" (Ben-
nett) 104

"I Want To Be An Angel" (Mrs.

Sydney P. Gill) 104

"From Greenland's Icy Mountains"

(Reginald Heber) 106

"Nearer, My God, To Thee" (Mrs.
Sarah Flozver Adams) 107

"Suwanee River" (Stephen C. Fos-
ter) 108

"The Star-Spangled Banner" (P.

Barton Key) no

A Veritable Poem of Poems iii

"Home, Sweet Home" (John Hoiv-

ard Payne) 113

The Kings of England 114

"Jesus, My All to Heaven Has Gone"

(John Cennick) 115

"Rock of Ages" (Augustus Montague

Toplady) 116

"The Two Angels" (Longfelloiv) . . . 118

"Lord, Dismiss Lis With Thy Bless-
ing" ( JValter Shirley) 118

Sheridan's Ride (Thos. Buchanan
Read) 119

"Father, Whate'er of Earthly Bliss"

(Mrs. Steele) 122

The Maple Leaf Forever ;... 123

Origin of Familiar Songs 126

In Praise of Music 127

Maxims from Gothe 129

Meaning of National Names 131



13



M



TABLE OF CONTENTS



PAGE

ORIGIN OF WORLD FAVORITES— Contd.
The Human Countenance as Seen by

Dickens I35

The Deserted Cottage : A Peasant

Woman's Story 137

Philosophy of Life: From Famous

Thinkers 141

NAPOLEON: TRIBUTES FROM THE

POETS 142

Napoleon's Last Request 142

Napoleon 143

The Prisoner of St. Helena 143

Napoleon's Midnight Review 145

SOME BEAUTIFUL THOUGHTS 147

SCRIPTURAL PROVERBS AND QUO-
TATIONS ..155

APT, APPROPRIATE AND INSTRUC-
TIVE 157

' Selections for Readings or Recitations 157
Birth of Another Century {John

Coulter) 157

Passing of the Old Year (G. D. Pren-
tice) 159

Watching the New Year In {Eugene

Field) 160

The Old Year and the New {Tenny-
son) 160

VARIOUS NATIONAL HOLIDAYS i6t

Canada's Birthday {Agnes Maul

Machar) 161

Dominion Day {John Reade) 162

Here's to the Land {JVilliam Wye

Smith ) 163

The Men of the Northern Zone

{Robert ICernigan) 163

Ever Welcome May Day 164

Easter Song {Franees Sherman) .... 164

A Spring Song (/. Stuart Thomson) 165

Gladness at Easter Time 165

Thanksgiving Peculiarly American. . 167
The Two Great Flags {Hubert M.

Skinner) 167

Why We are Thankful 168

Charm of the Christmas Time 168

JUST A MENTION OF THE SEASONS. . 169

Spring {Jean Blezvetf) 170

April in the Hills {Archibald Tamp-

man) 171

June is Coming {Thomas O'Hagan) 171

August Belong to the Girls 172

Last Month of Autumn 172

October Heralds the Frosty Season. 173



PAGE

THE SEASONS— Continued.

How Thansgiving Day Came About 173
The Saviour Came to Us in Decem-
ber 17-5

All Children Know This Story.... 174
Hymns of the Christmastide {Sears) 174
How We Spent Christmas {Julia

JValcott) 174

The Convict's Christmas Eve {Will

Carleton) 175

A Tender, Welcome Greeting 179

"Long 'Fore I Knowed Who Santy-

Clause Wuz" 180

A Christmas Eve Adventure 180

He Got the Best of Old "Santy"

(John Bronmjohn) 181

To a Christmas Pudding 184

ALL SORTS OF HUMOR....- 184

Flow Canada Was Discovered 184

Mr. Caudle's Second Wife {Jerrold) 187
"Gone With a Handsomer Man"

{Carleton) igo

The Sweet Girl on the Wire 193

Tribute to the "Old Boys" {Holmes) 195

The Baby's First Tooth 196

Having Fun With European Guides

{Twain) 198

Wail of the Overcoatless Man 200

Reflections of "The Inspired Idiot". . 201
She Is Now Head of the House. .. . 204

Mame's Entrance Into Society 205

Mr. Spoopendyke Surprises His

Wife 207

"Got Stripes Down His Legs" {E. L.

Sabin) 209

Both Had Been Rejected 209

PATHETIC AND HOMELIKE 211

Death of an Outcast 211

It Was Only a Dream {IV. S. Lord) 211

If We Only Knew 212

President Lincoln's Favorite Poem. . 212
"Take Keer of Yourse'f" {James W.

Riley) 213

Fought with Grant and Lee 214

Taking a Look Backward 216

"Rock Me to Sleep, Mother" {Elisa-
beth Akers) 217

She Was the Preacher's Mother.... 217
Little Boy Blue {Eugene Field) .... 218
Only the Baby Cried for Lorraine

{Kingley) 219

Tim Went Straight Home 21-9




JAMES RUSSELL LOWELL, poet, lecturer and diplomat, is given high place among
the eminent literary geniuses of the Nineteenth Century. He was sent to Spain and
England to represent the United States at Madrid and London, and his labors there were
of the utmost advantage and benefit to this country. Among his poetic productions the
"Vision of Sir Launfal" and the "Biglow Papers" are the best known. Many of his essays
were written while occupying the chair, of modern languages and literature at Harvard
University. He was born at Cambridge, Massachusetts, in 1819, and died there in 1891.




JOHN GREENLEAF WHITTIER, the Poet of Freedom, is dear to every American;
he wrote for the human heart, for the affections, wrote of pure love and sweet affection.
His poem about the little girl, who was his sweetheart in his school days, will live as long-
as language itself. The first line, "Still sits the school house by the road," recalls sweet
memories of childhood's happy days. He was born in Massachusetts in 1807 and died in
1892. A life well spent and full of honor.



M^



TABLE OF CONTENTS.



17



PAGE

PATHETIC AND HOMELIKE— Contd.

We Simply Say, "Good-Bye" 223



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