Henry Seebohm.

[Ornithological papers] (Volume 2) online

. (page 14 of 23)
Online LibraryHenry Seebohm[Ornithological papers] (Volume 2) → online text (page 14 of 23)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


migration, and is occasionally seen there during winter.

ACCIPITER NISUS.

The Sparrow-hawk is never seen near Astrakhan in summer,
but is very common on the autumn migration.

ACCIPITER BREVIPES.

The Levant Sparrow-hawk is occasionally found breeding
in the poplars in the vineyards near Astrakhan, but does not
remain in the winter.

FALCO LANARIUS.

The Lanner builds its nest on high trees in the valley of
the Lower Volga. It is most common north of Astrakhan.
Not seen in winter.

FALCO PEREGRINUS.

The Peregrine Falcon passes through the valley of the
Lower Volga 011 migration in spring and autumn ; and a few
remain during the winter.

FALCO SUBBTTTEO.

The Hobby is not uncommon near Astrakhan. It is a
late breeder, frequently having eggs in June. It leaves in
autumn.



FALCO

The Merlin is only seen during winter.



208



Mr. H. Seebohm on the



FALCO VESPERTINUS.

The Orange-legged Hobby is rare ; but Heuke occasionally
found it breeding above Astrakhan.

FALCO TINNUNCULUS.

The Kestrel is very common near Astrakhan ; and a few
remain through the winter.

FALCO CENCHRIS.

The Lesser Kestrel breeds in the Kirghiz steppes on the
mosqnes and tombstones, and in the rush-covered graves of
the Kirghiz ; but it is not seen during the short sharp winter.

ClRCUS CYANEUS.

The Hen-Harrier breeds in the steppes, and is very common
in Astrakhan in winter.

CIRCUS PALLIDUS,

The Pallid Harrier is not so common as the preceding ; but
a few are found all the year round.

ClRCUS CINERASCENS.

Montagu's Harrier breeds in the steppes, but is rare at all
seasons of the year, especially in winter.

CIRCUS RUFUS.

The Marsh-Harrier is very cemmon, but does not winter.

NYCTEA SCANDIACA.

The Snowy Owl only appears occasionally in hard winters.

ASIO TENGMALMI.

Henke did not meet with Tengm aim's Owl ; but an ex-
ample was once obtained near Sarepta.

ASIO ALUCO.

The Tawny Owl is a very common resident.

ASIO BRACHYOTUS.

The Short-eared Owl is very common in summer ; and a few
may be seen in winter.

ASIO OTUS.

The Long-eared Owl is a very common resident.



Birds of Astrakhan. 209

BUBO MAXIMUS.

The Great Horned Owl is a very common resident. In the
steppes it breeds in holes in banks.

SCOPS GIU.

The Scops Owl is a very rare resident.

Picus MARTIUS.

The Black Woodpecker is occasionally found in winter in
the neighbourhood of Astrakhan.

Picus VIRIDIS.

Henke did not meet with the Green Woodpecker ; but it
occasionally occurs near Sarepta.

Picus CANUS.

The Grey-headed Green Woodpecker has been found near
Sarepta ; but Henke did not meet with it near Astrakhan.

Picus MAJOR.

The Greater Spotted Woodpecker is a very common resi-
dent near Astrakhan.

PlCUS LEUCONOTUS.

The White-backed Woodpecker is found at Sarepta, but
was not met with by Henke.

IYNX TORQUILLA.

The Wryneck is occasionally found near Astrakhan in
spring.

CUCULUS CANORUS.

The Cuckoo is very common in summer ; but Henke never
found its eggs on the steppes.

ALCEUO ISPIDA.

The Kingfisher is a not uncommon resident near Astrakhan.

CERYLE RUDIS.

The Pied Kingfisher has twice been obtained in winter near
Sarepta.

MEROPS APIASTER.

The Bee-eater is very common in summer.



210 Mr. H. Seebohm on the

MEROPS PERSICA.

Six examples of the Persian Bee-eater were once obtained
at the mouth of the Volga late in May.

CORACIAS GARRULUS.

The Holler ia a very common summer visitor.

UPUPA EPOPS.

The Hoopoe is a very common summer visitor, especially
on the Kirghiz steppes.

CAPRIMULGUS EUROP^EUS.

The Goatsucker is very common on migration in spring
and autumn, and is occasionally found breeding in the Kir-
ghiz steppes.

CYPSELUS APUS.

The Swift is not found in Astrakhan. Henke once met
with it during the breeding-season at Bogde, in the Kirghiz
steppes, and occasionally on migration at the mouth of the
Volga.

COTILE RIPARIA.

The Sand-Martin is a very common summer visitor.

HlRUNDO URBICA.

The House-Martin is not so common as the preceding, and
is not seen in the steppes.

HlRUNDO RUSTICA.

The Barn-Swallow is a very common summer visitor, espe-
cially in the steppes.

BUTALIS GRISOLA.

The Spotted Flycatcher is a very rare summer visitor

LANIUS EXCUBITOR.

The Great Grey Shrike is a winter visitor.

LANIUS MINOR.

The Lesser Grey Shrike is a very common summer visitor.

LANIUS COLLURIO.

The Red-backed Shrike is very common during the periods
of migration. A few remain to breed.



Birds of Astrakhan. 211

SAXICOLA CENANTHE.

The Wheatear occasionally breeds near Astrakhan, and in
great numbers on the steppes.

SAXICOLA ISABELLINA.

The Isabelline Chat is a very common summer visitor.

SAXICOLA MORIO.

The Siberian Pied Chat is a very rare summer visitor in
the neighbourhood of Astrakhan, but is much commoner on
the steppes.

PRATINCOLA RUBICOLA.

The Stonechat breeds near Astrakhan, but is not very
common.

PRATINCOLA RUBETRA.

The Whinchat is a rare visitor on the spring and autumn
migration.

ERITHACUS PHILOMELA.

The Eastern Nightingale is very common on the spring mi-
gration, and is said to breed north of Astrakhan.

ERITHACUS LUSCINIA.

The Western Nightingale was only once obtained by Henke.

ERITHACUS RUBECULA.

The Robin is a somewhat rare visitor on the spring and
autumn migrations, and is occasionally found in winter.

ERITHACUS CTKRULECULA.

The Arctic Blue-throated Robin passes through Astrakhan
on migration, and breeds in great numbers on the Kirghiz
steppes.

RUTICILLA PHCENICURUS.

The Common Redstart passes through in great numbers
on migration ; and a few remain to breed in the Kirghiz
steppes.

SYLVIA NISORIA.

The Barred Warbler is occasionally shot in spring on the
Kirghiz steppes.



212 Mr. H. Seebohm on the

SYLVIA HORTENSIS.

The Garden Warbler is frequently shot in spring on the
Kirghiz steppes.

SYLVIA CINEREA.

The Whitethroat is a rare summer visitor to the Kirghiz
steppes.

SYLVIA CURRTJCA.

The European form of the Lesser Whitethroat passes
through on migration.

SYLVIA AFFINIS.

The Siberian form of the Lesser Whitethroat breeds in
great numbers on the Kirghiz steppes. The nest is often
placed on the ground, seldom more than a foot above it. A
favourite situation is in brambles. Henke says that the song
is quite different from that of our Lesser Whitethroat, and
remarks that when alarmed it makes a nasal note, like a
Tit.

ACROCEPHALUS TURDOIDES.

The Great Reed- Warbler is a common summer visitor,
breeding in numbers among the reeds on the delta of the
Volga.

ACROCEPHALUS STREPERUS.

The Reed- Warbler is common in summer wherever reeds
are found.

ACROCEPHALUS PALUSTRIS.

The Marsh- Warbler is a not uncommon summer visitor,
and generally builds its nest in brambles.

ACROCEPHALUS AGRICOLA.

Jerdon's Reed-Warbler is very abundant near Astrakhan,
and especially so in the Kirghiz steppes in summer. It breeds
in the reeds, and makes a nest very similar to that of our
Reed-Warbler. Henke gave me a clutch of five eggs, taken
in the Kirghiz steppes .in July 1876. In size they come
nearest to eggs of the Dartford Warbler ; but the ground-
colour is pale brown, spotted almost all over with both large



Birds of Astrakhan. 213

bold blotches and very small spots of dark brown, and also
with underlying paler brown blotches and spots, which are
scarcely darker than the ground-colour. In full breeding-
plumage the birds are very neutral brown (neither russet nor
olive) above, and very white below.

ACROCEPHALUS PHRAGMITIS.

The Sedge- Warbler is a very common summer visitor, and
generally builds in brambles.

LOCUSTELLA FLUVIATIHS.

The River Grasshopper Warbler is very common near As-
trakhan on migration, especially in spring.

LOCUSTELLA LUSCINIOIDES.

Savi's Grasshopper Warbler is stated by Henke to be rare
near Astrakhan, but very common in summer in the delta
of the Volga. The only example in his collection is in the
plumage described by Severtzoff as Cettia fulva, in which the
upper parts are more olive-brown than russet-brown, and
which I take to be the plumage of birds of the year.

LUSCINIOLA MELANOPOGON.

The Moustached Grass- Warbler is a very common resident
in the delta of the Volga, though somewhat local. It breeds
early in April. A very beautiful nest in Henke's collection
is admirably concealed amongst the roots of the reeds. It is
composed of flat grasses and roots. The eggs resemble those
of the Sedge- Warbler, but have a somewhat greener ground-
colour. They are minutely spotted all over with brown.

CETTIA SERICEA.

Cetti's Bush-Warbler is not found on the steppes, but is
exceedingly common near Astrakhan. Its favourite nesting-
place is in brambles. It is occasionally seen during winter.
Henke's examples belong to the large pale form, to which
Severtzoff gave the name of Cettia albiventris, and Hume the
name of Cettia stoliczka. This may only be a local race ; but
it is possible that further researches may prove its right to
stand as a good species.



214 Mr. H. Seebohm on the

HYPOLAIS CALIGATA.

The Booted Tree- Warbler is a very common summer visitor
to the Kirghiz steppes. Its favourite breeding-place is in
sedges ; but in localities where water-plants are not found it
builds in willow bushes, in brambles, and even in dry hedges
of sticks and fences, also in reeds near the ground, and is
especially fond of wild-rose bushes. The song of the male is
sometimes like that of a Grasshopper Warbler and some-
times like that of a Willow-Warbler. The eggs are smaller
than those of the Grecian bird, and more spotted, sometimes
also streaked. In ground-colour some are French grey, like
the Grecian bird ; but others are more salmon-coloured, like .
the eggs of H. polyglotta.

HYPOLAIS ICTERINA.

The Icterine Tree- Warbler is occasionally found on the
Kirghiz steppes in summer.

PHYLLOSCOPUS TROCHILUS.

The Willow- Warbler passes through Astrakhan on migra-
tion in spring and autumn.

PHYLLOSCOPUS RUFUS.

The Chiffchaff also passes through on migration.

REGULUS CRISTATUS.

The Goldcrest is a winter visitor.

REGULUS IGNICAPILLUS.

Henke did not meet with the Fire crest, but states that it
has been obtained in winter near Sarepta.

TURDUS VISCTVORUS.

The Missel-Thrush passes through Astrakhan on migration,
but has been known to breed near Sarepta.

TURDUS MUSICUS.

The Song-Thrush is occasionally observed at Astrakhan

during the spring migration.

.
TURDUS ILIACUS.

Henke did not meet with the Redwing, but states that it
has been found at Sarepta.



Birds of Astrakhan. 215

TURDUS PILARIS.

The Fieldfare is principally seen near Astrakhan on mi-
gration, especially in autumn. Very few stop the winter.

MERULA MERULA.

The Blackbird is also principally seen on migration, very
rarely in winter.

STURNUS VULGARIS.

The Starling is exceedingly common near Astrakhan in
summer, and makes its nest in holes in trees, holes in the
banks, and in the thatched roofs. Unfortunately Henke did
not bring any skins of this species from Astrakhan, so that
it is doubtful which of the various forms of coloration to
which this bird is subject is found there.

PASTOR ROSEUS.

The Rose-coloured Pastor is not very frequently met with
near Astrakhan, but is commoner on the Kirghiz steppes.
Never seen in winter.

ORIOLUS GALBULA.

The Golden Oriole is a very common summer visitor.

CERTHIA FAMILIARIS.

Henke did not meet with the Tree-creeper, but states that
it passes through Sarepta on migration.

TROGLODYTES EUROP^US.

The Wren breeds near Astrakhan, but is not common. A
few remain during winter.

PARUS MAJOR.

The Great Tit is a resident near Astrakhan.

PARUS C^ERULEUS.

The Blue Tit is a common resident.

PARUS ATER.

The Cole Tit is rare, and has only been seen in winter.

PARUS PALUSTRIS.

The Marsh-Tit has been observed on migration late in
autumn.



216 Mr. H. Seebohm on the

ACREDULA CAUDATA.

The Long- tailed Tit is a rare resident. Henke only once
found its nest.

CALAMOPHILUS BIARMICUS.

The Bearded Tit is a very common resident. It prefers to
build in the nests of the various species of Herons when they
are placed in the reeds. When the country is flooded it often
takes possession of the nests of Cetti^s Warbler.

^EGITHALUS CASPIUS.

The Pendulous Tit is an extremely abundant resident. So
far as is known, only the Caspian form is found at Astrakhan.

MOTACILLA ALBA.

The White Wagtail is a not very common summer visitor.

MOTACILLA CITREOLA.

Henke never observed the Yellow-headed Wagtail; but
Eversmann records it from the Lower Volga.

MOTACILLA FLAVA.

The Blue-headed Wagtail is a very common summer visitor.

MOTACILLA MELANOCEPHALA.

The Black-headed Wagtail is a very rare summer visitor.

ANTHUS ARBORETJS.

The Tree-Pipit is occasionally met with on migration.

ANTHUS CAMPESTRIS.

The Tawny Pipit is a very common bird in summer on
the Kirghiz steppes.

ANTHUS CERVINUS.

The Red- throated Pipit was not observed by Henke; but it
has been seen on migration at Sarepta.

ALAUDA ARVENSIS.

The Sky-Lark is not a common bird. Not seen in winter.

MELANOCORYPHA CALANDRA.

The Calandra Lark is very local, and not common in the
Kirghiz steppes during the breeding- season. It is occasionally
seen during the winter near Astrakhan.



Birds of Astrakhan. 217

MELANOCORYPHA TATARICA.

Is extremely common in winter. It breeds on the Kirghiz
steppes, especially in the neighbourhood of the salt marshes,
but is not found in the steppes when there is no water.

MELANOCORYPHA LEUCOPTERA.

The White-winged Lark is a very common resident.

MELANOCORYPHA BRACHYDACTYLA.

The Short-toed Lark is a very common resident, but is rarer
in winter.

MELANOCORYPHA PISPOLETTA.

Pallas's Short-toed Lark is not so common as the pre-
ceding, but may always be detected by its " schnarrenden "
voice.

ALAUDA CRISTATA.

The Crested Lark is rare in the steppes, and is only found
near human dwellings. It is a resident.

ALAUDA ARBOREA.

The Wood-Lark is a rare visitor near Astrakhan on mi-
gration.

OTOCORYS ALPESTRIS.

The Shore-Lark is only found in winter.

OTOCORYS PENICILLATA.

The Eastern Shore-Lark is a resident in the Kirghiz
steppes.

EMBERIZA NIVALIS.

The Snow-Bunting is a winter visitor.

EMBERIZA MELANOCEPHALA.

Henke did not meet with the Black-headed Bunting, but
states that it is common on the Kalmuk steppes.

EMBERIZA CITRINELLA.

The Yellowhammer is a rare visitor on migration.

EMBERIZA HORTULANA.

The Ortolan Bunting is a very common visitor on migra-
tion, especially in spring. A few remain to breed.

SER. IV. VOL. VI. Q



218 Mr. H. Seebohm on the

EMBERIZA MILIARIA.

Henke did not meet with the Common Bunting, though
Eversmann records it from the Lower Volga.

EMBERIZA SCHCENICLUS.

The Reed-Bunting is a not very common visitor on mi-
gration, principally in autumn. A few are seen in winter.

EMBERIZA PYRRHULOIDES.

The Thick-billed Reed-Bunting is a common resident in
the neighbourhood of Astrakhan, though very local. It is
rare on the steppes.

PASSER MONTANUS.

The Tree-Sparrow is very common on the steppes. It pre-
fers to breed in both the occupied and forsaken nests of the
Black Kite, sometimes two or three pairs in one nest. It is
a resident.

PASSER DOMESTICUS.

The House-Sparrow is a very common resident.

FRINGILLA MONTIFRINGILLA.

The Brambling passes through Astrakhan on migration,
and a few remain during winter.

FRINGILLA CCELEBS.

The Chaffinch is a regular visitor on migration, especially
in autumn.

FRINGILLA SPINUS.

The Siskin passes through on migration, and is observed
in greater numbers in autumn than in spring.

FRINGILLA CHLORIS.

' The Greenfinch is only seen on migration, especially in
autumn.

LlNOTA LINARIA.

The Brown Linnet is a spring and autumn migrant, and is
most abundant at the latter season. A few remain during
winter.

LlNOTA FLAVIROSTRIS.

The Twite is only seen in winter.



Birds of Astrakhan. 219

CARDUELIS ELEGANS.

A few Goldfinches breed near Astrakhan. In winter the
species is more numerous, but most so during the autumn
migration.

COCCOTHRAUSTES VULGARIS.

Henke once obtained a Hawfinch near Astrakhan in spring.

PYRRHULA MAJOR.

The Eastern Bullfinch is occasionally seen in winter in
small flocks.

CARPODACUS ERYTHRINUS.

The Scarlet Bullfinch is very common on migration, and is
sometimes seen so late in the spring as to lead to the sus-
picion that a few remain to breed.

LOXIA CURVIROSTRA.

The Crossbill is occasionally seen in winter near Astrakhan.
A small flock was met with in a wood on the Kirghiz steppes
in July 1876.

BOMBYCILLA GARRULA.

The Waxwing is more or less common throughout the
winter in Astrakhan, and feeds upon the seeds of the acacia,
which it swallows with the pods.

NUCIFRAGA CARYOCATACTES.

Henke did not meet with the Nutcracker, but states that
it occasionally occurs in winter at Sarepta.

GARRULUS GLANDARTUS.

Henke did not meet with the Jay, but states that it occa-
sionally occurs in winter near Sarepta.

PICA CAUDATA.

The Magpie is a very common resident.

CORVUS CORNIX.

The Hooded Crow is an exceedingly common resident.

CORVUS FRUGILEGUS.

The Rook is a common summer visitor.

CORVUS MONEDULA.

The Jackdaw is everywhere a common resident.



220 Mr. H. Seebohm on the

COLUMBA PALUMBUS.

The Wood-Pigeon is a very common resident.

COLUMBA CENAS.

The Stock-Dove is only seen on migration, especially in
autumn.

COLUMBA TUETUR.

The Turtle-Dove is a very common summer visitor.

PTEROCLES ARENARIUS.

The Black-bellied Sand-Grouse breeds on the Kirghiz
steppes, especially in the neighbourhood of Achtuba, a tribu-
tary of the Volga. In autumn it is very abundant near As-
trakhan, and remains during the winter.

SYRRHAPTES PARADOXUS.

Pallas's Sand-Grouse is occasionally found in winter near
Astrakhan. In 1876 great numbers bred on the Kirghiz
steppes. The Kirghiz told Henke that they had not observed
them before.

TETRAO TETRIX.

The Black Grouse is a rare whiter visitor to Sarepta.

PERDIX CINEREA.

The Partridge is very common, especially in winter. It
breeds on the steppes wherever there is any wood.

COTURNIX COMMUN1S.

The Quail is a very common summer visitor.

PHASIANUS COLCHICUS.

The Pheasant is very common in the marshy lowlands below
Astrakhan. Henke says that a small race is found in the
valley of the Ter^k.

OTIS TARDA.

The Great Bustard is very common, especially in the
steppes. A few are seen during winter near Astrakhan.

OTIS TETRAX.

The Little Bustard is somewhat rare during the breeding-
season, but is common on the autumn migration.



Birds of Astrakhan. 221

OTIS HOUBARA.

The Houbara Bustard is not common, and is principally
confined to the steppes. It is very rare in the Kalmuk
steppes, but it breeds in the Kirghiz steppes, though some-
what locally.

GLAREOLA MELANOPTERA.

The Eastern Pratincole is very abundant in the steppes,
but Henke did not meet with the western species. It does
not remain during winter.

(EDICNEMUS CREPITANS.

The Stone-Curlew is a very common summer visitor.

CHETTUSIA GREGARIA.

The Sociable Plover is a very rare summer visitor near the
river, and is only found on the barren steppes.

EUDROMIAS MORINELLUS.

The Dotterel passes through Astrakhan in spring and
autumn on migration. Henke maintains that a few remain
to breed on the Kirghiz steppes, that he has shot birds with
the feathers abraded on the underparts by incubation, and
that he once obtained a sitting of eggs.

EUDROMIAS ASIATICTJS.

The Caspian Dotterel is rarely seen near Astrakhan. Henke
got a pair in the spring of 1871. In 1875 he found it breed-
ing in a colony of about thirty pairs on a piece of ground
covered with blackish lichen near a salt marsh on the Kirghiz
steppes. He never found more than three eggs in one nest,
if the slight depression in the ground may be called a nest,
and had great difficulty in finding them, the birds leaving
them while he was still a long way off. The birds are very
local, and evidently often change their breeding-stations, as
Henke visited this locality in the two succeeding years with-
out finding them.



HIATICULA.

The Ringed Plover is frequently met with both near the
river and on the steppes in summer.



222 Mr. H. Seebohm on the



CANTIANA.

The Kentish Plover is a very common summer visitor to
the Kirghiz steppes, especially near the salt lakes. It never
lays more than three eggs.



CURONTCA.

The Little Ringed Plover is very common on the delta of
the Volga and on the Seal-Islands in the Caspian in summer.

CHARADRIUS VANELLUS.

The Lapwing is a very common summer visitor.

CHARADRIUS PLUVIALIS.

The Golden Plover is only found on migration, principally
in autumn.

CHARADRIUS FULVUS.

The Eastern Golden Plover is occasionally seen in autumn.

CHARADRIUS HELVETICUS.

The Grey Plover is very common near Astrakhan in
autumn, and in spring is sometimes seen as late as July.

RECURVIROSTRA AVOCETTA.

The Avocet is everywhere very common in summer. It
breeds in colonies.

H.EMATOPUS OSTRALEGUS.

The Oyster-catcher is common everywhere in summer.

HYPSIBATES HIMANTOPUS.

The Long-legged Plover is common in the marshes of the
Kirghiz steppes, but is rarer in the delta. Not seen in winter.

TOTANUS FUSCUS.

The Dusky Redshank is common on migration, especially
in autumn. It probably breeds on the steppes.

TOTANUS STAGNATILIS.

The Marsh- Sandpiper is a very common summer visitor to
the steppes.

TOTANUS CALIDRIS.

The Redshank is a very common summer visitor to the
steppes.



Birds of Astrakhan. 223

TOTANUS GLOTTIS.

The Greenshank is very common on the autumn migration.

TOTANUS GLAREOLA.

The Wood- Sandpiper passes through Astrakhan in spring
and autumn, and occasionally a few are found breeding on
the steppes.

TOTANUS OCHROPUS.

The Green Sandpiper is a very common summer visitor.

ACTITIS HYPOLEUCA.

The Common Sandpiper is only found in spring and autumn,

PHALAROPUS HYPERBOREUS.

The Red-necked Phalarope passes through on migration,
and is especially common in spring. In the Kirghiz steppes
it is often seen in June, and sometimes in July.

LlMICOLA PLATYRHYNCHA.

Henke says that the Broad-billed Sandpiper is occasionally
seen on the Kirghiz steppes, and that he once killed six at
a shot.

CALIDRIS ARENARIA.

Henke did not meet with the Sanderling, but it has been
obtained at Sarepta.

TEREKIA CINEREA.

Henke did not meet with the Terek Sandpiper, but it has
been obtained at Sarepta.

LlMOSA MELANURA.

The Black-tailed Godwit passes through Astrakhan in
spring and autumn, being very common at the latter season.
It breeds in considerable numbers on the Kirghiz steppes.

LlMOSA LAPPONICA.

The Bar- tailed Godwit is very rare, and has only been ob-
tained in autumn.

MACHETES PUGNAX.

The Ruff breeds in the Kirghiz steppes, and is very com-
mon in autumn near Astrakhan.



224 Mr. H. Seebohm on the

TRINGA SUBAEQUATA.

The Curlew Sandpiper is only seen in spring and autumn.

TRINGA ALPINA.

The Dunlin is only seen in spring and autumn.

TRINGA TEMMINCKT.

Temminck's Sandpiper passes through in spring and
autumn.

TRINGA MINUTA.

The Little Stint is only seen on migration.

SCOLOPAX RUSTICULA.

The Woodcock is very common in autumn, especially in
the vineyards.

SCOLOPAX MAJOR.

The Great Snipe is very common on the autumn migration.

SCOLOPAX GALLINAGO.

The Common Snipe is very common on the autumn mi-
gration.

SCOLOPAX GALLINULA.

The Jack Snipe is very common on the autumn migration.

NUMENIUS ARQUATA.

The Curlew passes through Astrakhan in some numbers
in spring and autumn. It breeds in the Kirghiz steppes.

NUMENIUS PH^EOPUS.

The Whimbrel is common on the autumn migration.

NUMENIUS TENUIROSTRIS.

The Slender-billed Curlew is not rare on the autumn
migration.

PLEGADIS FALCINELLUS.

The Glossy Ibis is a very common summer visitor, and
breeds in large colonies in company with Herons. The nest
is often built, under that of a Heron.

ARDEA CINEREA.

The Heron is a very common summer visitor.



Birds of Astrakhan. 225

ARDEA PURPUREA.

The Purple Heron is not a very common summer visitor.

ARDEA ALBA.

The Great White Egret is a very common summer visitor.
It breeds on willows and, where there are no trees, on the
bent-down reeds.

ARDEA COMATA.

The Squacco Heron is an equally common summer visitor.
It breeds only on high willows.

ARDEA COMATA x GARZETTA.

Henke has in his collection a Heron from Astrakhan, which
he believes to be a hybrid between the Little Egret and the


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 14 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23

Online LibraryHenry Seebohm[Ornithological papers] (Volume 2) → online text (page 14 of 23)