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Squacco Heron.

ARDEA GARZETTA.

The Little Egret is a common summer visitor, breeding
only on the high willows.

ARDEA GARZETTA x NYCTICORAX.

Henke has in his collection from Astrakhan a Heron which
he believes to be a hybrid between the Little Egret and the
Night-Heron.

ARDEA NYCTICORAX.

The Night- Heron is a very common summer visitor.

BOTAURUS STELLARIS.

The Bittern is a very common summer visitor. It breeds
wherever there are reeds, but singly, not in colonies. The
nest is very difficult to find.

ARDETTA MINUTA.

The Little Bittern is a very common summer visitor.
Its favourite breeding-place is in the hollow under the nest
of a Heron or Egret which has been built on the bent-down
reeds.

ClCONIA NIGRA.

The Black Stork is said to breed near Astrakhan, but Henke
never found the uest. It is not uncommon late in summer
and in autumn.



226 Mr. H. Seebohm on the

GRUS LEUCOGERANUS.

The Siberian Crane is unknown to the Kirghiz, but is very
common on migration, especially in spring, when flocks of
some hundreds are seen near Astrakhan. These birds are
very wary and difficult to shoot.

GRUS CINEREA.

The Common Crane is frequently met with on the Kirghiz
steppes in summer.

GRUS VIRGO.

The Demoiselle Crane is not uncommon in summer on the
dry steppes, and feeds principally upon beetles.

PLATALEA LEUCORODIA.

The Spoonbill is a very common summer visitor. It
breeds sometimes amongst the Herons, and sometimes in
colonies alone.

CREX PRATENSIS.

The Corn-Crakeis found in spring and autumn on migration.
It is said to breed near Sarepta.

CREX PORZANA.

The Spotted Crake breeds in some numbers on the Kirghiz
steppes, but is not found in winter.

CREX MINUTA.

The Little Crake is found near Astrakhan on migration,
especially in autumn. A few remain to breed, but most pass
on to the steppes.

RALLUS AQUATICUS.

The Water-Rail breeds frequently near Astrakhan, and
sometimes remains very late in the autumn. It is occasionally
seen in winter.

GALLINULA CHLOROPUS.

The Waterhen is a very common summer visitor near the
river.

FULICA ATRA.

The Coot is exceedingly abundant wherever permanent
water is found. It is not seen in winter. *



Birds of Astrakhan. 227

PORPHYRIO C.ERULEUS.

The Purple Gallinule apparently breeds on the delta of the
Volga, as many are caught at the moulting-season. It is not
seen in winter.

PHCENICOPTERUS ROSEUS.

On the 20th of July, 1876, Henke found a colony of four
hundred and nineteen nests of the Flamingo on a sandbank in
the middle of a salt lake on the Kirghiz steppes, so far from
the shore as not to be visible from it. The nests were conical
heaps of mud, very close together, and some of them as high
as two feet. The birds had broken through the hard salt
crust with their bills in order to take from underneath it the
black salt mud of which their nests were built. The top was
dished out to a hollow, in which one, two, or three eggs were
laid. Half the eggs were hatched, and the young in down
were very shy and difficult to catch. When Henke was there
the ground was dry and white with salt ; but with a different
wind he calculated that the water was sometimes a foot high
near the nests. At night the Flamingoes go in hundreds to
a freshwater lake to get the young of a large kind of frog to
feed their young a distance of five and twenty miles.

CYGNUS OLOR.

The Mute Swan is a common summer visitor, and breeds
on the delta.

CYGNUS MUSICUS.

The Wild Swan is only seen in spring and autumn on
migration.

CYGNUS MINOR.

Bewicke's Swan is only seen on migration, and is not so
common as the larger species.

ANSER CINEREUS.

The Grey Lag Goose is a very common summer visitor,
and breeds on the delta.

ANSER ALBIFRONS.

The Great White-fronted Goose is only seen in autumn.



228 Mr. H. Seebohra on the

ANSER ERYTHROPUS.

The Little White-fronted Goose is only seen in autumn,
and is more plentiful than the preceding.

ANSER RUFICOLLIS.

The Red-necked Goose is not uncommon on migration in
spring and autumn.

TADORNA CORNUTA.

The Shieldrake is a very common summer visitor, and
breeds by preference in a fox -hole, sometimes in the graves
of the Kirghiz.

TADORNA CASARCA.

The Ruddy Shieldrake is not so common as the preceding.
It generally breeds in hollow trees, sometimes at a consider-
able height from the ground.

ANAS BOSCAS.



The Mallard is an exceedingly common summer visitor.

ANAS BOSCAS x ACUTA.

Henke has in his collection two examples of hybrids be-
tween the Mallard and the Pintail.

ANAS ACUTA.

The Pintail breeds in the Kirghiz steppes. It is not so
common as the Mallard.

ANAS CRECCA.

The Teal breeds in the Kirghiz steppes and comes to the
river to moult. Very common.

ANAS QTJERQUEDULA.

The Garganey breeds in the Kirghiz steppes and seeks the
river-district during the moul ting-season. Very common.

ANAS STREPERA.

The Gadwall breeds on the dry land of the Kirghiz steppes.

ANAS PENELOPE.

The Wigeon is very common on migration, but leaves the
district in summer to breed further north.



Birds of Astrakhan. 229

ANAS CLYPEATA.

The Shoveller is also common on migration, but migrates
north to breed.

ANAS MAKMOKATA.

The Marbled Duck is a late summer visitor, and breeds in
hollow trees and in old Crows' nests.

ANAS CLANGULA.

The Goldeii-eye breeds near Astrakhan, but is not common.

HARELDA GLACIALIS.

The Long-tailed Duck is an occasional straggler during
winter.

(EOEMIA NIGRA.

Henke never met with the Black Scoter, but near Sarepta
it is occasionally seen during migration.

(EDEMIA FUSCA.

The only example of the Velvet Scoter which came under
Henke's notice was a dead bird which was found on the salt
lake of Baskundschak, on the Kirghiz steppes.

ERISMATURA MERSA.

The White-headed Duck breeds in the steppes in con-
siderable numbers.

FULIGULA RUFINA.

The Red-crested Pochard is not very common.

FULIGULA FERINA.

The Pochard is exceedingly common on the Kirghiz steppes
in summer.

FULIGULA LEUCOPHTHALMA.

The White-eyed Duck is a not very common summer visitor.

FULIGULA CRISTATA.

The Tufted Duck breeds in the Kirghiz steppes, but is not
very common.

MERGUS MERGANSER.

tThe Goosander is common in winter and in autumn, but in
pring it is rarely seen, and in summer not at all.



230 Mr. H. Seebohm on the

MERGUS SERRATOK.

The Red-breasted Merganser is a very rare visitor.

MERGUS ALBELLUS.

The Smew is a common summer visitor, and breeds in
hollow willow trees.

LARUS ICHTHYAETUS.

The Great Black-headed Gull breeds in great numbers on
the Seal Islands and on other islands in the Caspian Sea.

LARUS RIDIBUNDUS.

The Black-headed Gull is very common, and breeds in the
Kirghiz steppes.

LARUS TENUIROSTRIS.

The Slender-billed Gull is very common. It breeds on a
salt lake on the Kirghiz steppes, and also on the Seal Islands.

LARUS CACHINNANS.

The Mediterranean Herring-Gull is common, but is not
seen on the steppes.

LARUS CANUS.

The Common Gull breeds in great numbers on the salt
lakes in the Kirghiz steppes.

LARUS FUSCUS.

The Lesser Black-backed Gull is very rare. '

LARUS GLAUCUS.

The Glaucous Gull is only seen in immature plumage.

STERNA CASPIA.

The Caspian Tern breeds sparingly on the Seal Islands.
It is occasionally found in the river-district.

STERNA ANGLICA.

The Gull -billed Tern breeds in considerable numbers on
the Kirghiz steppes.

STERNA CANTIACA.

The Sandwich Tern breeds on the Seal Islands.

STERNA HIRUNDO.

The Common Tern is very abundant.



Birds of Astrakhan. 231

STERNA MINUTA.

The Little Tern is rather rare. It breeds on the Seal
Islands in considerable numbers.

STERNA NIGRA.

The Black Tern is very common both in the river-district
and on the Kirghiz steppes.

STERNA HYBRIDA.

The AVhiskered Tern is very common in the river-district,
but is not found on the steppes.

STERNA LEUCOPTERA.

The White-winged Black Tern is very common, both in the
river-district and on the Kirghiz steppes.

PHALACROCORAX CARBO.

The Cormorant breeds in hundreds of thousands, princi-
pally on the willows.

PHALACROCORAX PYGM^EUS.

The Pygmy Cormorant breeds in small colonies of about a
dozen pairs. It is not very common.

PELECANUS CRISPUS.

The Dalmatian Pelican is common near the sea.

PELECANUS ONOCROTALUS.

The Roseate Pelican is also common near the sea. Neither
species is found on the steppes, in consequence of the entire
absence of fish.

PODICEPS CRISTATUS.

The Crested Grebe is very common.

PODICEPS RUBRICOLLIS.

The Red-necked Grebe is very common.

PODICEPS NIGRICOLLIS.

The Eared Grebe breeds in great numbers on the Kirghis
steppes.

PODICEPS CORNUTUS.

Henke only met with one example of the Sclavonian Grebe.



232 Dr. A. B. Meyer on a new

PODICEPS MINOR.

The Little Grebe is found breeding, but is rare.

COLYMBUS SEPTENTR1ONALIS.

Henke once obtained an example of the Red-throated Diver
in autumn.

COLYMBUS ARCTICUS.

The Black-throated Diver is a very rare winter visitor.



XVII. On Ninox rudolfi, a new Species of Hawk- Owl from
the Malay Archipelago. By A. B. MEYER, M.D., F.M.B.O.U.

(Plate VI.)

NlNOX RUDOLFI.

Supra griseo-brunnea, albo variegata ; capite et nucha nigres-
centibus velfusco-brunneis, maculis velfasciis albis ornatis -,
front e, lor is, superciliis, facie anteriore, mento, gula et
collo antico albis, plumarum pilosarum rhachibus
nigris, plumis suborbitalibus et auricularibus fusco-brun-
neis ; pectore, abdomine et subcaudalibus rufescenti et
albo fasciatiSy fasciis rufescentibus anguste nigricanti vel
fusco marginatis ; subalaribus rufescentibus, striis trans-
versis plus minusve fulvescentibus ; alis dorso conco-
loribus ; remigibus supra et subtus fasciis pallidioribus,
albidis et albis notatis ; cauda supra remigibus et dorso
concolori, subtus pallidiore, rectricibus fasciis 9 11 trans-
versis pallidioribus et albidis ornatis ; tibiis et tarsis totis
plumosis, rufescentibus, striis obscurioribus et pallidi-
oribus parum conspicuis ; rostro nigro, culmine flaves-
cente ; digitis pallidis setosis.

Long. tot. circa 350 mm., al. 243, caud. 145, rostr. hiat.
circa 30, tars, circa 40.

Hab. Ins. Sumba (Riedel coll.) .

Above greyish brown, spotted or streaked with white,
darker from the hind neck to the head, which is blackish ;
each feather of the head bears two white spots or streaks ;
most of the feathers of the hind neck and mantle with a
white coherent spot on their apical third, and another one or
two, not coherent, subterminal ones ; on the middle of some
-of the feathers, besides, a third lengthened white spot. On



Birds from South-eastern Africa. 367

with the culmen dusky brown ; tarsi and feet pale greenish.
Adult female iris bright reddish brown; bill pale yellow,
with the culmen and shield bright scarlet ; tarsi and feet pale
flesh-colour, with the upper surface suffused with pale yel-
lowish green.

This bird is scarce, but widely distributed over South
Africa. The pans, which are the resort of so many Waders
during this portion of the year, are entirely dried up during
the winter rainless months, and the surrounding country so
parched that travelling becomes difficult. I took an appa-
rently perfect egg out of the adult female ; it was of a
greenish-white colour, with a few very minute brown specks
about the obtuse end, in shape very similar to that of a com-
mon hen's egg, and measured 1'4 inches by 1.

213. PARRA AFRICANA, Gm.

(152) J, Kooroomoorooi Pan, 2nd January. Iris dark
hazel ; bill and frontal shield pale ashy blue ; tarsi, feet, and
claws pale ash -colour.

Although there were several on this pan, we only succeeded
in shooting one, owing to their cleverness in hiding amongst
the water-grasses thinly growing in the shallow water,

214. PODICA PETERSI, Hartl.

(4) Elands river, Eustenburg district, Transvaal, llth
May. Irides light tawny brown ; bill dull red,, with the cul-
men dusky brown ; tarsi and feet brilliant light vermilion.
The crop contained insects. This is a very scarce bird, and
exceedingly shy and retiring in its habits. We never met
with them in any of the Matabele or Mashoona rivers,

215. SARKIDIORNIS MELANOTTJS (Penn.).
(164) <$ , Molopo river, 12th January.

Bather sparingly distributed over this part of the country.
In February I saw several flying over the Hart river. They
are also to be found occasionally in the Transvaal.

216. CHENALOPEX JEGYPTIUS (Linn.).

Mashoona, September and October. Seen, but not
procured.

2c 2



368 Mr. H. Seebohm on the

217. ANAS XANTHORHYNCHUS, Forst.
Mashoona, December. Seen, but not procured.

218. PLOTUS LEVAILLANTI, Licht.

(100) <$ , Quae Quae river, 23rd October. Iris dingy
orange ; bill pale greenish ash, darker alongytne culmen ;
tarsi and feet dusky brown.

The Darter is found sparsely on most/of the rivers of
Mashoona land, but is more abundant yd the Transvaal and
Natal. Beware how you handle a wjtfunded bird : this one
made a sudden dart at my eye; and it was only by the merest
instinct of self-preservation that I/put my hand up in time
to receive the thrust. The uppe/mandible pierced with great
force to the bone of my ftjunib, and, the bill being serrated,
stuck there amongst the muscles, giving considerable pain ;
and I had to pull hard to/get iKput.

219. STRUTHIO CAMELUS, Linn\

(73) Young <$ , Umvuli, 4th Sepikmber. Iris light dusky
brown ; bill pale h^rn-colonr, rather du&ky along the culmen ;
legs and feet yellowish ash.

The Ostrich/is sparingly distributed throughout the Mash-
oona country, frequenting generally the more, open shallow
valleys. )nly about a dozen birds were killed by all the
hunters/of our party, numbering about twenty/ Two or
three /Clutches of young birds were caught this month. In
the/Bamangwato country they are much more plentiful^



XXVI. Further Contributions to the Ornithology of Japan.
By HENRY SEEBOHM.

THROUGH the kindness of Capt. Blakiston, who has forwarded
me another box of skins from Hakodate, I am able to add a
few species to the birds of Japan, and to clear up one or two
doubtful points in the previous papers on this subject in ' The
Ibis' (1878, pp. 209-250, arid 1879, pp. 18-43).

SlMORHYNCHUS CRISTATELLTJS (Ibis, 1879, p. 21).

The skin sent (No. 2605) is from the Kurile Islands.



Ornithology of Japan. 369

URIA BRUENNICHI (Ibis, 1878, p. 211).

The skin sent is correctly identified. There cannot be any
reasonable doubt that the Cepphus arra of Pallas is this species.
The description is very good ; and I cannot understand why
Dresser (B. of Eur. viii. p. 578) refuses to admit it.

PODICEPS MINUTUS (Ibis, 1878, p. 211).

I cannot detect any difference between an example from
Japan (No. 1966) and our bird, so that the name P. philip-
pensis will probably have to sink into a synonym of P.
minutus.

PODICEPS NIGRICOLLIS (Ibis, 1878, p. 211).

A skin sent (No. 1724) represents Messrs. Blakiston and
Pryer's No. 13, P. auritus, Lath. This species is the Co-
lymbus auritus of Brisson, but not of Linnaeus.

PODICEPS CORNUTUS (Ibis, 1878, p. 211, et 1879, p. 21).

A skin sent (No. 2595) is correctly identified. This is the
Colymbus auritus of Linnaeus ; but as this name has been so
often misapplied, it is better to ignore it in favour of Gmelin's
name.

PODICEPS CRISTATUS (Ibis, 1878, p. 211).

A skin sent (No. 1431) is correctly identified.

ANSER BRACHYRHYNCHUS (Ibis, 1878, p. 212).

The sole evidence upon which the Pink-footed Goose has
been admitted into the Japanese fauna is Swinhoe's state-
ment in ' The Ibis ' (1875, p. 456) that a specimen was sent
him from Hakodadi. This, Mr. Blakiston says, is an error ;
and no skin answering the description is in the Swinhoe
collection. A skin sent (No. 2084) proves to be that of a
male of the year of Anser erythropus. Anser brachyrhynchus
has never been recorded from Siberia or China, and it must
be now erased from the Japanese list.

BERNICLA HUTCHINSI (Ibis, 1878, p. 212).

A skin sent (No. 2621) proves to be of this species, and not
of B. leucoparia. The former has sixteen tail-feathers, with the
wing 16 inches long, whilst the latter is said to have eighteen



370 On the Ornithology of Japan.

tail-feathers, with the wing 18 inches long. Both species are
very nearly allied to B. canadensis.

COTURNIX COMMUNIS (Ibis, 1879, p. 28) .

I am unable to distinguish the Japanese birds from our
Common Quail. Mr. Blakiston has sent me a skin (No. 1618)
which he calls C.japonica. This belongs to the dark- throated
form, which I take to be the adult male of C. communis, with
very few spots on the breast. Another skin (No. 2536),
which he thinks distinct, has a pale throat, and is profusely
spotted on the breast. This I take to be the adult female.
Other skins in my collection have the pale throat of the
female and the slightly spotted breast of the male. These I
take to be males of the year.

SPIZAETUS NIPALENSIS (Ibis, 1878, p. 201, et 1879, p. 41).

The identity of S. orientalis with S. nipalensis may now be
considered satisfactorily proved, the former being the im-
mature bird and the latter the adult. A bird in the plumage
of S. orientalis was sent alive from Japan to our Zoological
Gardens, where it has moulted into the adult plumage of the
Indian bird.

PLATALEA LEUCORODIA (Ibis, 1878, p. 223) .

There can be little doubt that the two new species of
Spoonbill from Japan described by Temminck and Schlegel,
each from a single example, are referable to our Common
Spoonbill, which was found by Pallas near the Selenga river,
south of Lake Baical, by both Eadde and Prjevalsky in the
valley of the Ussuri, a southern tributary of the Amoor, and
by Swinhoe on Formosa and in the neighbourhood of Canton.
Immature birds of the Common Spoonbill have the beak pale
and the upper mandible smooth, and the tips of the primaries
dark brown. In this plumage they agree very closely with
Temminck and SchlegeFs original descriptions. By some
oversight, Dresser, in his 'Birds of Europe/ has omitted
any mention of this important stage of plumage, although
it is both described and figured by Naumann.



On the Birds of Archangel. 371

PYRRHULA ROSACE A, sp. nov.

Among some skins sent by Pryer from Yokohama are three
male Bullfinches, which differ from P. orientalis in having
the slate-grey of the upper parts slightly suffused with ver-
milion and the slate-grey of the underparts very much so.
Judging from the underparts alone, these birds might pass
for intermediate forms between P. orientalis and P. major ;
but the fact that neither of these species has any trace of
red on the back precludes the possibility of this being the
case. Besides the three males of this form from Japan, I have
two adult males, one male of the year, and one female from
the island of Askold, and a male and female from the Kurile
Islands. The females do not apparently differ from those of
P. orientalis. I propose to call this species P. rosacea.



XXVII. Notes on the Birds of Archangel.
By HENRY SEEBOHM.

(Plate XI.)

THE following notes on the birds of Archangel and the sur-
rounding district were furnished to me by Mr. Henke*, who
resided in that city for several years, and thus has had a better
opportunity of making a complete list than any ornithologists
who have previously written on the subject.

HALTAETUS ALBICILLA.

The White-tailed Eagle is not very common, and was not
found breeding near Archangel by Henke. It is a resident.

AQUILA CHRYSAETOS.

The Golden Eagle is very common in March and April on
the road to Pinega, and is said to breed in the forests south
of Archangel.

AQUILA LAGOPUS.

The Rough-legged Buzzard passes on migration.

* Vide supra, p. 204.



372 Mr. H. Seebohm on the

BUTEO VULGARIS.

The Common Buzzard is a common resident in the forests
near Archangel.

PERNIS APIVORUS.

The Honey-Buzzard is a tolerably common visitor to the
forests.

PANDION HALIAETUS.

The Osprey breeds near Archangel, but is not very common.

FALCO PEREGRINUS.

The Peregrine Falcon is a common summer visitor, breed-
ing on the ground.

FALCO SACER.

The Saker Falcon has been once obtained near Archangel
in winter, and is said to breed on the Kanin peninsula.

FALCO SXJBBUTEO.

The Hobby is a very common summer visitor.

FALCO .ESALON.

The Merlin passes through on migration.

FALCO VESPERTINUS.

The Red-footed Falcon breeds in a colony on an island
near Cholmogory, on lofty oaks.

FALCO TINNUNCULUS.

The Kestrel is only an accidental visitor.

ClRCUS CYANEUS.

The Hen-Harrier is rare. Henke never saw but one adult
male ; occasionally immature males Were seen.

ASTUR PALUMBARIUS.

The Goshawk is common during the breeding-season, and
is occasionally seen in winter.

ACCIPITER NISUS.

The Sparrow-Hawk is common during the breeding-season,
and is occasionally seen in winter.

MILVUS NIGER.

The Black Kite is an accidental visitor.



Birds of Archangel. 373

AstO BRACHYOTUS.

The Short-eared Owl is very common; a few remain
through the winter.

Asio OTUS.

The Long-eared Owl is only a rare visitor.

Asio LAPPONICUS.

The Lapp Owl is not rare, especially in autumn.

AsiO TENGMALMI.

Tengmalm's Owl is very common.

AsiO URALENSIS.

The Ural Owl is a tolerably common resident.

SCOPS PASSERINA.

The Little Owl is not rare.

BUBO ULULA.

The Hawk-Owl is very common.

BUBO NYCTEA.

The Snowy Owl appears in some winters in great numbers
near Archangel.

BUBO MAXIMUS.

The Great Horned Owl is very common, and is frequently
caught in winter in the traps set for hares.

CUCULUS CANORUS.

The Cuckoo is a very common summer visitor. Henke
found its eggs in the nests of the Fieldfare, Brambling, and
Yellow-breasted Bunting.

IYNX TORQUILLA.

The Wryneck is a local summer visitor.

GECINUS CANUS.

The Grey-headed Green Woodpecker is a somewhat rare
resident.

PlCUS MARTIUS.

The Black Woodpecker is a very common resident.



374 Mr. H. Seebohm on the

PlCUS CISSA.

The Siberian form of the -Greater Spotted Woodpecker is
a very common resident.

Picus PIPRA.

The Siberian form of the Lesser Spotted Woodpecker is a
very common resident.

PlCUS LEUCONOTUS.

The White-backed Woodpecker, which is the Siberian
form of Lilford's Woodpecker, is a rather rare resident.

PlCUS TRIDACTYLUS.

The Three-toed Woodpecker is a common resident in the
pine-forests. The Archangel form of this species resembles
that from Scandinavia and the valley of the Petchora, and is
intermediate between the Siberian form and that of the Alps.

CYPSELUS APUS.

The Swift was once seen by Henke.

HlRUNDO URBICA.

The House-Martin is a rare summer visitor.

HlRUNDO RUSTICA.

The Barn-Swallow is a common summer visitor.

HlRUNDO RIPARIA.

The Sand-Martin is a very common summer visitor.

LANIUS EXCUBITOR ?

The Great Grey Shrike is recorded by Henke as an occa-
sional visitor to Archangel in autumn. It will probably
prove to be the bird known as Pallas's Great Grey Shrike,
L. major.

LANIUS MOLLIS. (Plate XI.)

Lanius mollis, Eversmann, Bull. Soc. Nat. Moscou, xxvi.
p. 498.

Eversmann's Shrike is represented in Henke' s collection by
a fine example from Archangel obtained in autumn. It is
an excellent species, originally described by Eversmann from
the Altai Mountains, and since obtained by Severtzoff in
Turkestan. It can only be confounded with young examples
of the American species L. borealis, which may be distin-



Birds of Archangel. 375

guished by their barred upper tail-coverts. Eversmann de- '
scribed L. mollis in 1853. The figure (Plate XI.) is taken
from one of the types of the species, now in the Museum of
the Imperial Academy of Science and Art in St. Petersburg.

LANIUS COLLURIO.

The Red-backed Shrike is a rather rare summer visitor.

PRATINCOLA RUBETRA.

The Whinchat is a common summer visitor.

SAXICOLA CENANTHE.

The Wheatear is a common summer visitor.

ERITHACUS C^ERULECULA.

The Arctic Bluethroat passes through in great numbers
on migration.

ERITHACUS RUBECULA.

The Robin is a common summer visitor.

RUTICILLA PHCENICURUS.

The Redstart is a common summer visitor.

SYLVIA HORTENSIS.

The Garden-Warbler is a tolerably common summer visitor.

SYLVIA CINEREA.

The Whitethroat is a not uncommon summer visitor.

SYLVIA CURRUCA.

The Lesser Whitethroat is a rather rare summer visitor.

PHYLLOSCOPUS SIBILATRIX.

The Wood- Warbler is a rare summer visitor.

PHYLLOSCOPUS TROCHILUS.

The Willow- War bier is a very common summer visitor.

PHYLLOSCOPUS RUFUS.

The Chiffchaff is a very common summer visitor.

PHYLLOSCOPUS BOREALIS.

The Arctic Willow- Warbler is a rare summer visitor.


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Online LibraryHenry Seebohm[Ornithological papers] (Volume 2) → online text (page 15 of 23)