Herbert Eustace Maxwell.

Scottish gardens; being a representative selection of different types, old and new online

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androscemum


Yellow


2-3 ft.


vi-viii




St. John's Wort


Hypericum
perforatum


Yellow


2-3 ft.


vii-ix





234



APPENDIX C

FLAX FAMILY. Linacece.



English Names.


Botanical
Name.


Colour,


Height.


Time of
Flowering


Remarks.


Pale Flax


Linum
angustifolium


Pale blue


1-2 ft.


v-ix


1 Perennials.


Perennial Flax


Linum
perenne


Bright
blue, pink
or white


12-18 in.


vi, vii




Flax j
Line /


Linum
usitatissimum


Blue


lft.


vi, vii


An annual.



MALLOW FAMILY. Malvaceae.



Marsh Mallow \
Hock Herb /


Althaea
officinalis


Blush


3-4 ft.


vi, vii


Moist soil.


Musk Mallow


Malva
moschata


Rose or
white


2-3 ft.


vii, viii




Tree Mallow \
Velvet Leaf /


Lavatera
arborea


Purple


6-10 ft.


viii-x





GERANIUM FAMILY. Geraniacece.



Bloody Cranes-
bill


Geranium
sanguineum


Crimson


1ft.


vi, vii


The rose-coloured
variety lancastri-
ense is best.


Meadow Cranes-
bill


Geranium
pratense


Violet blue


2-3 ft.


vi, vii


There are white
and double blue
varieties.


Wood Cranesbill


Geranium
sylvestre


Violet blue


2ft.


vi, vii


There is a white
variety.



SPINDLE FAMILY. Celastrinece.



Spindle Tree ^
Prick-wood


Euonymus
europceus


Green


5-20 ft.


v


Valuable for its
beautiful rose-


Gad-rise |










coloured berries.


Louse-berry J










There is a variety
with white












berries.



235



APPENDIX



LEGUMINOUS FAMILY. Leguminosce.



English Names.


Botanical
Name.


Colour.


Height.


Time of
Flowering


Remarks.


Furze 1
Whin
Gorse J


Ulex europceus


Yellow


3-10 ft.


iv, v


There is a fine
double - flowered
variety.


Dwarf Furze


Ulex nanus


Yellow


2-3 ft.


viii-x




Green weed


Genista
pilosa


Yellow


Pros-
trate


v, vi




Dyer's Green- ^
weed
Woodwaxen j
Base Broom J


Genista
tinctoria


Yellow


1-2 ft.


vii-ix




Broom


Cytisus
scoparius


Yellow


5-8 ft.


v, vi


There are many
varieties, includ-
ing Andreanus,
with reddish-
brown standard.


Lucern ^
Sickle Medick \
Snail's Horn J


Medicago
falcata


Pale yellow
or violet


Pros-
trate


vi, vii




Clover


Trifolium
incarnatum


Crimson


9-12 in.


vi, vii


An annual.


BirdsfootTrefoih
Butterjags
Crow-toes J


Lotus
corniculatus


Yellow


Pros-
trate


v-ix


Makes a fine dis-
play on wall gar-
den. There is a
double - flowered
variety.


Woundwort -\
Kidney Vetch \
Lambs' Toe


Anthyllis
vulneraria


Yellow,
white,pink
or red


6-18 in.


vi-viii


A fine variety, Dil-
lenij has cream-
coloured flowers
with red tips.


Purple Milk-
vetch


Astragalus
hypoglottis


Purple


3 in.


v, vi


There is a white
flowered variety.


*Alpine Milk-
vetch


Astragalus
alpinus


Purple


Pros-
trate


vi


There is a white
flowered variety.


Sweet Milk- vetch


Astragalus
glyciphyllus


Sulphur


Pros-
trate


vi




* Mountain Vetch


Oxytropis
campestris


White and
purple


3-6 in.


vii





236



APPENDIX C



English Names.


Botanical
Name.


Colour.


Height.


Time of
Flowering


Remarks


* Purple Moun-
tain Vetch


Oxytropis
uralensis


Purple


3-6 in.


vi, vii




Sainfoin J
French Grass >
Cock's Comb )


Onobrychis
sativa


Bright rose


2-3 ft.


v, vi




Tufted Vetch


Vicia cracca


Purple


Climber


vi-viii


*


Wood Vetch


Vicia sylvatica


White and
blue


Climber


vi, vii





ROSE FAMILY. Eosacece.



Dwarf Cherry ^
Mazzards
Merry J


Prunus cerasus


White


15-20 ft.


iv, v


There are many
beautiful varie-
ties, including a
double white.


Wild Cherry \
Gean /


Prunus avium


White


20-60 ft.


iv, v


Do. do.


Birdcherry \
Hackberry J


Prunus
padus


White


20-30 ft.


v


Many varieties, but
none better than
the type.


Willow Spiraea


Spircea
salicifolia


Pink


3-5 ft.


vii, viii


There are white and
other varieties.


Meadow Sweet \
Queen of the
Meadows
Mead wort
Bridewort J


Spircea
ultnaria


Cream


2-4 ft.


vi-viii


There is a double
variety.


Dropwort


Spircea
filipendula


White


2-3 ft.


vi, vii


There is a fine
double form.


Mountain Avens


Dryas
octopetala


White


Pros-
trate


v, vi


Likes lime.


Cloudberry \
Noops /


Rubus
chamcemorus


White


4-6 in.


vi, vii


Peat and sand :
moist. Has sweet
yellow fruit.


Blackberry ^
Black Boyds I
Bumblekite
Scaldberry J


Rubus
fruticosus


White and
pink


Trailer


vi-ix


The double white
and double pink
forms are very
ornamental.



237



APPENDIX C



English Names.


Botanical
Name.


Colour.


Height.


Time of
Flowering


Remarks.


Knotberry


Rubus
saxatilis


Dull white


10 in.


vi, vii


Only useful for
rock-garden on
account of its car-
mine fruit.


Silverweed \
Goose Tansy /

* Shrubby
Cinquefoil


Potentilla
anserina

Potentilla
fruticosa


Yellow
Yellow


Creep-
ing

2-3 ft.


vi-ix
vi-viii


Were it not such
a common weed
this would be
reckoned a lovely
plant.


Bock Cinquefoil

Burnet Rose \
Scots Eose /


Potentilla
rupestris
Rosa
pimpinellifolia


White

Cream or
pink


1-2 ft.
1-3 ft.


vi-viii
v, vi


Many cultivated
varieties.


Sweetbriar ~\
Eglantine J

Dog Eose


Rosa
rubiginosa

Rosa canina


Bright rose

Eose, pink,
or white


3-6 ft.
6-15 ft.


vi
vi, vii


There are many
varieties.


Downy Eose


Rosa villosa


White or
pale pink


6-15 ft.


vi, vii




Field Eose


Rosa arvensis


White


Trailing


vi-viii




*Cotoneaster


Cotoneaster
vulgaris


White


3-4 ft


v, vi


Easily naturalised,
but only found
wild in Britaii\
on Great Orme's
Head.



EVENING PRIMROSE FAMILY. Onagracece.



Eose Bay ^
French Willow J-
Willow Herb J


Epilobium
angustifolium


Deep rose


4-6 ft.


vii, viii




Codlins & Cream


Epilobium


Deep rose


4-6 ft.


vii, viii






hirsutum










Evening Primrose


Onothera


Pale yellow


2-4 ft.


vii-ix


Eeally an Ameri-




biennis








can herb, but now












thoroughly estab-












lished among our












native flora. The












variety Lamarck-












iana is the best.



238



APPENDIX C

LOOSESTRIFE FAMILY. Lythracece.



English Names.


Botanical
Name.


Colour.


Height.


Time of
Flowering


Remarks.


Purple Loosestrife


Lythrum
salicaria


Keddish
purple


2-5 ft.


vii, viii


The varieties
roseum and suver-












bum are very nne.



STONECROP FAMILY. Crassulacece.



Roseroot ^


Sedum


Dull yellow


6-8 in.


vi, vii




Midsummer ]


rhodiola


or purplish








Men J












Orpine \
Livelong /


Sedum
telephium


Rose


1-lJ ft.


vii-viii


The best varieties
of this plant
should be chosen.


Wall-pepper ^


Sedum acre


Bright yel-


2-3 in.


vi, vii




Bird's-bread




low








Pricket












Jack - of - the- f












buttery












Stonecrop J












White Stonecrop


Sedum
anglicum


White and
rose


2-3 in.


vi, vii


Absurdly called
English stone-
crop ; though












common in Ire-












land and west












Scotland, it












scarcely is found












in England.


Thickleaved


Sedum


White and


2-3 in.


vi, vii




Stonecrop


dasyphyllum


rose








Worm grass


Sedum album


White


4-6 in.


vi, vii


There are several


O










varieties.


Rock Stonecrop


Sedum
rupestre


Yellow


6-10 in.


vi-viii


There are some
good varieties.


Stonor "I


Sedum


Yellow


8-10 in.


vi-viii




Trip-madam J


reflexum










Houseleek ^
Ayegreen
Youbarb


Sempervivum
tectorum


Red or dull
purple


9-12 in.


vi, vii


The variety rusti-
cum has broad
bluish leaves.


Jupiter's Beard
Bullock's Eye J













239



APPENDIX C

SAXIFRAGE FAMILY. Saxifragacece.



English Names.


Botanical

Name.


Colour.


Height.


Time of
Flowering


Remarks.


* Purple Thirl-
stane .


Saxifraga
oppositifolia


Bright red-
dish purple


6 in.


iii-v


There are several
fine varieties, but
it is a mistake to
grow the white-
flowered one.


Yellow Thirlstane


Saxifraga
aizoides


Yellow


6 in.


vi, vii


In damp, gritty
loam.


Marsh Thirlstane


Saxifraga
hirculus


Yellow


6 in.


vii-viii


Moist ground.


Eve's Cushion }
Dovedale Moss J


Saxifraga
hypnoides


White


6-12 in.


v-vii




* Tufted Thirl-
stane


Saxifraga
ccespitosa


White


3 in.


v-viii




Meadow Saxi- |
frage
First of May J


Saxifraga
granulata


White


6-12 in.


iv, v


The double form is
very fine.


*Alpine Thirl-
stane


Saxifraga
nivalis


White


3-6 in.


vii, viii




London Pride \
None-so-pretty
St. Patrick's
Cabbage j
Prattling-Par-
nel J


Saxifraga
umbrosa


White, red
spots


8-12 in.


vi





Kidney Saxifrage


Saxifraga
geum


White, red
spots


8-12 in.


vi


Not so good as the
last.


Grass of Parnassus


Parnassia
palustris


White


10-12 in.


vi


In moist ground.



UMBELLATE FAMILY. Umbelliferce.



Astrantia


Astrantia
major


Pink


1-3 ft.


vi, vii


The variety with
greyish - white
flowers should be
avoided.


Sea Holly


Eryngium
maritimum


Light blue


1ft.


vii-ix


Plant in pure sand.



240



APPENDIX C

IVY FAMILY. Araliacece.



English Names.


Botanical
Name.


Colour.


Height.


Time of
Flowering


Remarks.


Ivy


Hedera helix


Greenish


Creeper


ix, x


Innumerable






yellow






varieties.



MISTLETOE FAMILY. Loranthacece.



Mistletoe


Viscum album


Green


Parasite


iii-v


Grows freely in the












north if sown on












poplar, apple, or
hawthorn.



CORNEL FAMILY. Cvrnacece.



Dwarf Cornel


Cornus suecica


Purple with
white bracts


6 in.


vii


Bears fine scarlet
fruit. Moist peat
and grit.



HONEYSUCKLE FAMILY. Caprifoliacece.



Wayfaring Tree


Viburnum
lantana


White


8-15 ft.


v, vi




Guelder Rose }
Water Elder \
Snowball Tree J


Viburnum
opulus


White


6-15 ft.


vi


The sterile variety
should be culti-
vated.


Woodbine )
Honeysuckle J


Lonicera
periclymenum


Red and
yellow.


Climber


vi-viii




*Linnsea


Linncea
borealis


Pale pink


Pros-
trate


vi, vii


Moist heat and
sand, in partial
shade.



MADDER FAMILY. Rnbiacece.



Lady's Bedstraw-\
Maid's Hair 1
Petty Mugget j


Galium verum


Yellow


IJft


vi-ix


Not usually reckon-
ed fit for gardens,
but beautiful and


Cheese Rennet J










fragrant in a












wall.


Woodruff


Asperula


White


6-12 in.


v-vi






odorata










Squinancy Wort


Asperula


White


9-12 in.


v-vi






cynanchica


streaked












with blue.









2G



241



APPENDIX C

VALERIAN FAMILY. Falerianeee.



Bed Valerian \
Pretty Betsy J


Centranthus
ruber


Ked or white


2-3 ft.


vi-ix




Cat's Valerian ^
All Heal
Setwal |
Herb Bennet J


Valeriana
officinalis


Pale pink or
white


3ft.


vi-viii




TEASEL FAMILY. Dipsacew.


Bluecaps ^
Devil's Bit
Forbitten More j
Blue Scabious J


Scabiosa
succisa


Blue


1-2 ft.


vi-ix




COMPOSITE FAMILY. Composite.


Henip Agrimony


Eupatorium
cannabinum


Eeddish-
purple


2-4 ft.


vii




*Alpine Fleabane


Erigeron
alpinus


Lilac, yellow
centre


9-12 in.


vii, viii




Mountain Cud-
weed
Cat's Ear


Gnaphalium
dioicum


Pink


3-6 in.


vi




Goldilocks


Linosyris
vulgaris


Yellow


2ft.


viii, ix




Goldenrod


Solidago
virgaurea


Yellow


1-2 ft.


vii-ix


There is a dwarf
variety, cambrica.


Elecampane ^
Elfdock
Horse-heal j
Scab-wort J


Inula
Helenium


Yellow


3-4 ft.


vi, vii




Daisy ^
Bruisewort
Herb Margaret J


Bellis perennis


White, pink
and crim-
son


4-5 in.


iii-xi


The numerous
double forms are
well known.


Oxeye ^
Moonwort
Maudlinwort J


Chrysanthe-
mum
leucantkemum


White with
yellow cen-
tre


2-3 ft.


vi-viii





242



APPENDIX C



English Names.


Botanical
Name.


Colour.


Height.


Time of
Flowering


Remarks.


Corn Marigold "|
Bigold
Boodle >
Goldins
Gools 1


Chrysanthe-
mum
segetum


Yellow


lift.


vi-x


An annual.


Oxeye Camomile


Anthemis
tinctoria


Yellow


2ft.


vii, viii


There are some
splendid varieties.


Sneezewort \
Goosetongue /


Achillea
ptarmica


White


1-2 ft.


vi-ix


There are fine
double varieties.


Yarrow \
Milfoil /


Achillea
millefolium


White or
rose


1-2 ft.


vi-ix




Cotton Weed \
Sea Cudweed /


Diotis
maritima


Yellow


8-10 in.


viii, ix




Tansy


Tanacetum
vulgare


Yellow


2ft.


vii, viii


The variety cris-
pum has beautiful
foliage.


Milk Thistle


Carduus
marianus


Rose-purple


1-4 ft.


vii-ix


Annual or biennial.


Scots Thistle \
Cotton Thistle /


Onoperdon
acanthium


Rose-purple


4-8 ft.


vii-ix




Cornflower *|
Bluebottle J


Centaurea
cyaneus


Bright blue.


2-3 ft.


vi-ix


Annual or biennial.
Inferior forms are
rose and purple.



BELLFLOWER FAMILY. Campanulacece.



Sheep's Bit


Jasione
montana


Blue


1-li ft.


vi-ix


Annual


Rarupion


Phyteuma
orbiculare


Blue


6-18 in.


vii, viii




Spiked Rampion


Phyteuma
spicatum


Blue, white,
or cream


1-3 ft.


vii




Clustered Bell-
flower


Campanula
glomerata


Blue


1-2 ft.


vi, vii


,


Giant Bellflower


Campanula
latifolia


Blue or
white


3-6 ft.


vii


Likes shade of
woods.



2o2



243



APPENDIX C



English Names.


Botanical
Name.


Colour.


Height.


Time of
Flowering


Remarks.


Nettle - leaved
Bellflower.


Campanula
trachelium


Blue


2-3 ft.


vii




Creeping Bell-
flower


Campanula
rapunculoides


Blue


2-4 ft.


vi, vii




Ramps )
Coventry Rapes /


Campanula
rapunculus


Blue or
white


2-3 ft.


vii, viii




Bluebell
Harebell
Lady's Thimble J


Campanula
rotundifolia


Sky blue


1 ft.


vii-ix


There is a white
variety and a dark
blue one, Hosti.


Ivy Bellflower


Campanula
hederacea


Pale blue


Creeping


vii, viii


Moist ground.



HEATH FAMILY. Gricacece.



Bogberry


Vaccinium
uliginosum


Pink


Trailer


v


Moist peat.


Cowberry ^
Brawlins
Flowering Box J


Vaccinium
Vitis-Idcea


Pink


Trailer


vi




Strawberry Tree


Arbutus unedo


White


8-12 ft.


ix




Cranberry


Vaccinium
oxycoccus


Pink


Creeping-


V


Moist peat.


*Black Bearberry


Arctostaphylos
alpina


White


Pros-
trate


iv




Bearberry \
Mealberry J


Arctostaphylos
uva-ursi


Pink


Trailer


iv




Moorwort -\
Marsh Rosemary V
Holy Rose


Andromeda
polifolia


Pink


8-10 in.


v-viii


Usually recom-
mended for bog,
but grows well in
ordinary peat
border.


St.Daboec'sHeath


Menziesia
polifolia


Purple or
white


1-2 ft.


vi-ix




*BJue Menziesia


Menziesia
ccerulea


Bluish purple


6-8 in.


vi, vii


One of the rarest
British plants.



244



APPENDIX C



English Names.


Botanical
Name.


Colour.


Height.


Time of
Flowering


Remarks.


Heather ^
Ling
Grigg


Erica vulgaris


Rose or white


1-3 ft.


viii, ix


There are a vast
number of varie-
ties, including a
double rose.


Bell Heath


Erica cinerea


Crimson


6-12 in.


vii-ix


Many good varie-
ties.


Cross - leaved
Heath


Erica tetralix


Rose


6-12 in.


vii-ix


Many good varie-
ties.


*Dorset Heath


Erica ciliaris


Pale red


6-12 in.


vi-ix




Mediterranean
Heath


Erica carnea


Bright rose


6-8 in.


i-iv


Should be clipped
after flowering.
There are white
and deep - rose
varieties.


Cornish Heath


Erica vagans


Pink or
white


2 ft.


vii-ix




*Wintergreen


Pyrola
uniflora


White


6 in.


vi-viii




Wintergreen


Pylora

rotundifolia


White


6- 10 in.


vii-ix




Wintergreen


Pyrola media


White


6-10 in.


vii-ix




Yevering Bells


Pyrola
secunda


White


4 in.


vii




Wintergreen


Pyrola minor


White


6-10 in.


vii-ix





PRIMROSE FAMILY. Primulacece.



a. Primrose


Primula veris


Sulphur


3 5 in.


iv, v


r The Cowslip and


b. Cowslip,










Oxlip may be


Paigle, Herb










reckoned as


Peter, Palsy-










racial varieties


wort










of the common


c. Oxlip, Poly-










Primrose. The


anthus










varieties, single












and double, are












V. innumerable.


Bird's Eye *i
Mealy Primrose/


Primula
farinosa


Rosy lilac


3-12 in.


vi





245



APPENDIX



English Names.


Botanical

Name.


Colour.


Height.


Time of
Flowering


Remarks.


Sowbread


Cyclamen
europceum


Rose or
white


3-4 in.


viii, ix




Yellow Pimpernel


Lysimachia
nemorum


Yellow


Trailing


v-vii




Creeping Jenny ^
Moneywort
Herb Twopence;


Lysimachia
nummularia


Yellow


Trailing


vi-viii




Marsh Loosestrife


Lysimachia
thyrsiflora


Yellow


1-3 in.


v, vi


Moist soil.


Yellow Loose-
strife


Lysimachia
vtdgaris


Yellow


2-4 in.


vii, viii




Star Flower ^
Chickweed
Wintergreen )


Trientalis
europcea


White


4-8 in.


vi, vii





PERIWINKLE FAMILY. Apocynacece.



Large Periwinkle


Vinca major


Blue


1-2 ft.


iv, v


There is a white












variety.


Periwinkle


Vinca minor


Blue, white


Trailer


iii-v








or red









GENTIAN FAMILY. Gentianacece.



Centaury 'v
Earthgall
Christ's Ladder J


Erythrcea
centaurium


Bright pink


4-6 in.


v-ix


There are several
varieties.


*Marsh Gentian \
Wind Flower /


Gentiana
pneumonanthe


Sky blue


1-2 ft.


viii, ix


Deep moist soil.


*Spring Gentian


Gentiana verna


Gentian
blue


3 in.


iv, v


Likes lime.


Yellow Wort


Chlora
perfoliata


Yellow


3-12 in.


vii


An annual.


Buckbean )
Marsh Trefoil {

Marsh Flower


Menyanthes
trifoliata

Limnanthemum
nymphceoides


White,
flushed
pink

Yellow


1 ft.
Floating


v, vi
vii, viii


One of the loveliest
of British wild
flowers. A full
bog plant.



240



APPENDIX C

PHLOX FAMILY. Polemoniacece.



English Names.


Botanical
Name.


Colour.


Height.


Time of
Flowering


Remarks.


Jacob's Ladder ]
Greek Valerian >
Charity J


Polemonium
cceruleum


Blue or
white


1-3 ft.


vi, vii





BINDWEED FAMILY. Cvnwlwlacew.



Bearbind "I
Hedge Bells
Campanelle J


Convolvulus
sepium


White


Climber


vii-ix




Bindweed \
Cornbind J


Convolvulus
arvensis


Rose or
white


Climber


vii-ix




Sea Bindweed \
Sea Bells j


Convolvulus
soldanella


Pale pink


Pros-
trate


vi-viii


Plant in pure deep
sand.



BORAGE FAMILY. Bvragiuece.



Viper's Bugloss


Echium vulgare


Bright blue


2-4 ft.


vi-viii


A biennial.


Purple Bugloss


Echium
violaceum


Bluish
purple


3-4 ft.


vi-viii


A biennial.


Lungwort 'j
Jerusalem Cow- >
slip


Pulmonaria
officinalis


Rose chang-
ing to blue


6-12 in.


iv-vi


Has several good
varieties.


Oyster Plant


Mertensia
maritima


Pink chang-
ing to sky
blue


Pros-
trate


v, vi


In deep sand and
grit.


Purple Gromwell


Lit hospermum
purpureo-
cceruleum.


Bluish
purple


Pros-
trate


vi


-


Forget-me-not )
Scorpion Grass J

Wood Forget-]
me-not
Mouse -Ear J


Myosotis
palustris

Myosotis
silvatica


Sky blue
Sky blue


6-12 in.
1-1 ft.


vi-viii
vi-viii


The white variety
should never be
grown.


Alkanet \
Bugloss J


Anchusa
officinalis


Gentian blue


2ft.


vi, vii


A biennial.


Green Alkanet


Anchusa
sempervirens


Gentian blue


l-2 ft.





A perennial.



247



APPENDIX C

NIGHTSHADE FAMILY. Solanacece.



English Names.


Botanical

Name.


Colour.


Height.


Time of
Flowering


Remarks.


Henbane


Hyoscyamus
niger


Dull yellow,
veined purple


1-2 ft.


vi-vii


A poisonous
annual.


Dwale
Deadly Night- [
shade f
Belladonna J


A tropa
belladonna


Purplish
blue


1ft.


vi-vii


A poisonous
perennial.



FOXGLOVE FAMILY. Scrophularinece.



Great Mullein ^
Hag Taper
Jupiter's Staff (
Velvet Dock J


Verbascum
thapsus


Primrose


3-4 ft.


vi-vii


Biennial. All the
mulleins are best
raised from seed.


Dark Mullein


Verbascum
nigrum


Yellow with
purple fila-
ments


2-3 ft.


vi-x


Perennial. There is
a white variety.


White Mullein


Verbascum
lychnitis


Yellow with
white fila-
ments


3-4 ft.


vi-vii


Perennial.


Moth Mullein


Verbascum
blattaria


Yellow with
purple fila-
ments


2-3 ft.


vi-ix


Biennial.


Hoary Mullein


Verbsacum
pulverulentum


Yellow with
white fila-
ments


3-4 ft.


vi-ix


Perennial. Found
only in East
Anglia.


Toadflax

Ivy Toadflax ^
Kenilworth Ivy 1
Mother of Thou- j
sands J


Linaria
vulgaris

Linaria
cymbalaria


Citron and
orange

Lilac and
white


1-2 ft.

Trailer


vii-x
v-ix


The variety peloria
is very curious
and showy.


Foxglove


Digitalis
purpurea


Red, purple,
spotted, or
white


3-5 ft.


vii


A biennial. Seed
of many beauti-
ful varieties can
be had.


Spiked Speedwell


Veronica
spicata


Bright blue


6-18 in.


vii, viii


There is a pink
variety.


Rock Speedwell


Veronica
saxatilis


Bright blue


6-8 in.


vii, viii





248



APPENDIX C

LAVENDER FAMILY. Labiatce.



English Names.


BotanicU
Name.


Colour.


Height.


Time of
Flowering


Remark.-,.


Thyme ]
Pell-a-mountain f
Brother wort J


Thymus
serpyUum


Rosy purple


Pros-
trate


vi-viii


There are many
tine varieties.


Woundwort


Stachys
germanica


Rosy purple


1-3 ft.


vii, viii




Bugle


Ajuga reptans


Blue


4-6 in.


v-vii


Good in shade :
worthless else-
where.



THRIFT FAMILY. Plumbaginece.



Thrift \
Sea Gilliflower J


Armeria
vulgaris


Pink


3-6 in.


v vii


There are crimson
and white varie-
ties.



KNOTWEED FAMILY. Polygonacece.



Bistort, \
Snakeroot /


Polygonum
bistorta


White or
pink


1-2 ft.


vi-ix




Copse Knotweed


Polygonum
dumetorum


White


Climber


vii, viii





DAPHNE FAMILY. Thymeliacew.



* Mezereon


Daphne
Mezerium


Pink, red or
white


2-4 ft.


ii-iv





CATKIN FAMILY. Amentacece.



Bog Myrtle ]
Sweetgale
Candleberry


Myrica Gale


Inconspicu-
ous


2-3 ft.


v-vii





SPURGE FAMILY. Euphwbiacea.



Box


Buxus
sempervirens


Green


3-16 ft.


iv





249



APPENDIX C



ARUM FAMILY, droidece.



English Names.


Botanical
Name.


Colour.


Height.


Time of
Flowering


Remarks.


uckoopint


Arum


Purplish


8-12 in.


iv


There is a white-


r ake-robin
ords-and- j


maculatum


and green






veined variety.
The scarlet


Ladies










berries are the












showiest part of












this plant.



WATER PLANTAIN FAMILY. Alismacem.



Flowering Eush


Butomus
umbellatus


Rosy lilac


3-4 ft.


vi, vii


In a ditch or pond
margin.


Arrowhead


Sagittaria
sagittifolia


White




vii-ix


There is a double-
flowered variety.
An aquatic which
can be grown in
moist border if
started in water.


Floating Plantain


Alisma natans


White and
yellow


Floating


vii, viii





ORCHID FAMILY. Orchidacece.



Marsh Orchis )
Salep i


Orchis latifolia


Purple


1-3 ft.


vi, vii




Hand Orchis j
Spotted Orchis i


Orchis
maculata


Purple, lilac
or white


6-18 in.


v-vii




Soldier Orchis


Orchis
militaris


Lilac,
spotted
purple


1-2 ft.


V




Pyramid Orchis


Orchis
pyramidalis


Rose


1 ft.


v-vii




Long Purples j
Stander-wort j


Orchis mascula


Purple


8-10 in.


V




Sweet Orchis


Orchis
conopsea


Deep rose


8-10 in.


vi, vii




Butterfly Orchis


Hdbenaria
bifolia


Greenish
white to
ivory


8-1 2 in.


vi, vii




250



APPENDIX C



English Names.


Botanical
Name.


Colour.


Height.


Time of
Flowering


Remarks.


No English
name 1


Cephalanthera
grandiflora

Cephalanthera
rubra


Cream
Pink


1-1 ft.
1-1 ft.


vi

vi, vii




* Lady's Slipper


Cypripedium
calceolus


Chocolate


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