Herman Moll.

A system of geography; or, A new & accurate description of the earth in all its empires, kingdoms and states. Illustrated with history and topography, and maps of every country .. online

. (page 141 of 176)
Online LibraryHerman MollA system of geography; or, A new & accurate description of the earth in all its empires, kingdoms and states. Illustrated with history and topography, and maps of every country .. → online text (page 141 of 176)
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and Snmjcahac, nearer the Borders oi Arabia Pc reckon AmL and .l/ar^ amrmg the T.,!v,« of


near the River Euf^hratcs and Aiejopotm-Ma. To
prove this, he confutes many different Opinions,
in the third Chapter of his Trcatilc call'd 7hc Hi-
ftory of job; and at lait iii Chap. 4. confirms his
own, -with a great deal of Learnir.g and Perfpi-
cuity: Among other Allegations he aflat?. That
that part of Arabia Defirta lay neareft of all to
the Territories of the Chaldean

caicd its Name to this Part of Arabia, and was
lometime the Royal Scat of the Kin^s of Mo^.
On or near the Arabian Giilph, apixar, Aladi-
an; El-Tor; Etlan, or Hilan ; and Faran.

A confidcrable Part of the Jlhrnaeliies , who XVI,
were divided into twelve Trilxrs, inhabited Ar.:bia ''''•'"«-
Petrta; for their TerritDrics rcich'd from the De-'""*

. ,, . , , . . whofe Invalion firis of />4r4» and Z»r, or from the RcJ-Sca to

IS iTientiond m the very begmmng of the Book of the Land of HavtUh; that is to fay, tliroiigli A-

Job: That the Sabeans a ne'ghbourmg People, rabiaParxa, Dcfcrta -Mvi Felix, as faras the River

who fell upon his Cattel and Servants, were not Euphrates and t!ie Ptrlian Gulpli ; inlomuch tl-at

the Sabeans ot Arabia Felix, but dcriv'd their O- they were intcrmix'd with the Malianites, .v the

riginal from ^H the Grand- Son of ^^^nr/ww;, by C/w/*/, or Cujhues, were with bodi, who all in

Keturak, whojettled his Abode towards the Eafl-, procels of time became one Nation of tlic Sjtra-

or in Arabia Deferta : That by this means the Sa
cred Text may be very eafily explain'd, wherein
it is exprefs'd, that ]ob was the great ejl of all tk'
Men of the Eaji : And that the Habitations of his
Friends, and their Defign m vifiting him agree

Moreover the Ifraelites in their pafTaoc from £-Ifne-
cypt under the Condudt of Mofes, arriv'd in thisHtcs.
Part of Arabia, after haviiig pals'd through the in-
nermoft Bay of the Red-Sea, and (as (ome Au-


admirably well with the above-mention'd Seat of thors lav) near the abo\c-inention'dTown of £/-
this Patriarch. It were needlefs to produce his Tor: Afterwards thev wander 'd through its De-
other Argimients, but refer the Reader to the Book larts nam'd Zin, Sinai, Z-.r and Paran, for the
it lelf. fpace of forty Years ; making many Stations thcre-
The fame Author aflerts. That the ylc/k^w«;>j, in, as is (hewn by the common Bible-Maps.
MeAaneans, Dedaneans, &c. defcended ({ Keturah, Som.e Foot-fteps of their Travels (they fay) arc
inhabited a Trad of Land, either bordering upon Itill extant in the Dclart of Zin, where are to Ix:

that of Jib, or at leafi, not very far diftant from
it. Thus he at flrft afligns to the Madianites, the

I Eaftern Part of Arabia Deferta, \\\\o afterwards

fettled themfelves farther towards the South and
Weft, as tar as the Coafts of the Arabian Gulph,

Medane- where it wall";es Arabia Petraa. He makes the




leen leveral Infcriptions cut in the Rocks, and
reputed to be of the moft ancient AlTyrian Cha-
radlers. In the Confines of Arabia Petrta aiKl
Egypt, near the Lake Scrbonis, or Sirbonis, now
cail'd Barangnerlis by the Inhabitants; and the
A'lediterraneMi Sea (as we are intorin'd by Ptolenscy,
Aiedaneans iitW.wix^'hoxnstoih.Q Malianites, who Strabo, Aiela and Stephanas J ftood Mount C''?3;,Cifius •
are alfo confounded with them ; and in like man- which ought to be diftinguilli'd from another •^fiwitf-
rer places the Dedaneans in Arabia Deferta , on Mount Cafiiis of Antioch, or Proper Syria : This
the Confines of .S)/-w Palmyrena, at a little diftance Mountian was heretofore famous lor the Temple

of Jupiter Cafnis, and the Tomb of Powpey the
Great was erected in its Neighbourhood. The
Mountains of Horeb and Sinai often mention'd in Horcl>
the Sacred Writings, lye very near one another, ani St-
and are fituated farther towards die South-Eift: nai.
The latter is call'd Gibel Aio-.tfa, i. e. A/ofes's

from the moft remote Habitations of the Idume-
ans : See the fixth Chapter of his above-cited Hi-
ftory. Some Authors are alio of Opinion, That
the Mao^i, or Wife-Men, who took a Journey
from- tlie Eafi: to Jentfalem upon our Saviour's
Nativity, came from Arabia Deferta ; with great-
er probabihty, I think, than thole who believe that A'/oimr, by the Turks; and the Europeans often
the Country was Arabia Felix : Again, others af- term it the Mountain of St. Catharine, wiiofe Body
firm, that they came from Perfts, Media, or A^fe- it fuppos'd to have lieen buried there : Both
fopotamia. tliefe Mountains arc Ciid to be inhabited at this

ARABIA PETR/EA, commonly call'd^- day, by certain Monks depending on the Grrk
Arabia rabijlan by the Natives, and Dafc-lik Arabijian by Church, who courteoully llicw Ti-avcllers the S:i-
PetrjEa. the' Turks, otherwife Barraab aiid Baraba, has for cred Relicks, and Foot-iteps of thofe things tiiac
its Bounds on the Eaft, Arabia Deferta; on the were heretofore tranlaacd in thefe Parts. Laftly,
South, Arabia Felix; on the Weft, the Arabian Afion-gaber, or £i/'(W-^'f/'a-, wasalfofcitedontlieEzino-
Gulph and lifhmus: and on the Noith, the Ter- Coaft of Arabia Petrsa, being at firll one ott'.iegeber.
ritories of Syria. Golias and Bernier, as alio, M.
Baudrand, who follows their Steps, extend its Bor-
ders a great deal farther towards the Soutli, than

Manfionsof the Ifradites, and aftenvards a Sea-
port Town, belonging to their ]urildiction, from
which King 5b/o»M«V Fleet let lail for Opinr.

Tart 2.






General and Particular




Written in Latin by
JOAN LUTTS, Fbtlof, Profef m Acad, ULXRAjEcf.

-^JEL__R 1 c


d 2



aMap of ZAAItA.lsrKGItOK-T.A:sri>. GXJIlSr3i:AcS:c.^.^i^^^:

ijCanary Ifl








Al^B -A- K. .

'thi o fia.

'^^P.^jj.r or
:^rul of jyohtts ■ { jIjj-jax.





G H A P. I.





WE aie now come to the third and lalt
Part of the Coniincnt of the ancient
World, which extends itlelf farthelt to-
wards tlie South, and is commonly cali'd Africa,
as alfo Iphricia by the Inhabitants, as we arc in-*
form'd by Leo Africanits ; takmg its Name ( as it
is fiippos'd) from y-lfcr, the Son, or Companion
of the Libyan Hercules^ or according to Jofephns,
from Opher, the Grand-Son of Abraham : Some
derive this Name from Ifric^s, a certain King of
the Country ; others from the Arahick Verb Farek,
i, e. he divided, becaufe it is Icparatcd from Eu-
rope by the Aiediterr.tnean Sea ; and from Afia, by
the Red-Sea ; and others from the Hehrcvj Word
Aphar, which fignifies i)^/? ; but it were needlefs
to infift any longer on the Opinions of the Etv-
mologifts, which are very difterent and altogether
uncertain. This Country is alfo cali'd LH/y.!, by
the Grecians, from the Daughter of Epaphns and
CaJfiopeiA, of the fame Name, or from the Term
Lm denoting the South-Well Wind. Africa, is
bounded on the Eaft, by the Arabian Iflhmm^
Gulph, Straight and Sea ; thelc feparate it from.
Arabia PetrM and Felix ; as alfo by the Ethiopick
Ocean: On the South, by the fame Ocean; which
likewife %vafhes it on the Wet-!:, together with the
Seas 0^ Guinea, Cape Verd and the Canaries, Parts
of the Northern Ocean: And on the North, by
the Straght oi Gibraltar, that divides it from Spain ;
and tlie entire Southern Part of the Mediterransdn
Sea, by which it is cut oft from the Sotithern Tradts
di Europe and Anatolia.

This vaft Continent, ^vith refpcdt to the man-
ner of its Situation is a Peninfula, and indeed the
largell of all that are comprehended withia the
Compafs of the old and new Worlds ; reaching
from North to South, from about the 3'5th Degree
of Northern Latitude, to the fame Degree of South-
ern Latitude : So that the middle of Africa is un-
der the Equator ; a very great Part of it in the
Torrid Zoire; a conGdcrablePart in the Northern
Temperate Zone; and the leall in the Southern
Temperate Zone. It is alfo extended from Wed
to Eaft, from the 4th. to the 84th. Degree of Lon-
gitude i It is very much lliarp-pointed, on the
^outh , as alfo partly on the North, and the
middle is moft fpacioiis. Laftly, its Figure is com-
par'd by feveral Authors to that of a Triangle,
and otlrers \\\\\ have it to refemble an Helmet, an
Heart, or a Pyramid.

The Air of Africa is excefTive Hot, even in thofe
Parts that lye imder the Tropicks ; and the Heat
is very much augmented by the Sands, which re-
fleding the Rays of the Sun, render thefe Parts
inhabitable, barren and deftitutc of Water. The
Coimtry abounds ^vitll huge Mountains of a pro-
digious Height, with fandy, dry, and moft fpa-
cioiis Deikrts; with all forts of noxious Wild-
Beaft' , particularly Lions , Leopards , Tigers ,
Panthers, Elephants, Rhinocerots, Unicorns,
Camels, Dromedalries, Horfes, VVikl-Aflcs, Buf-
falo's, Sca-Horfcs, Mermaids, Crocodiles, Apes^

Serpents of an extraordinary fize, &c. and will;
dreadful Monltcrs; iievertliclefs it afK)rds Icver.ll
Mines of Gold, Silver And Salt: In other Pl.lccs
it is fufficiently fertil , more cipccially towards
the Sca'Coafts, producing good ftorc of mcdieiiial
Herbs, and foine that are noxioas, liicii ssAda.i^
one Drachm of the juice of which Plant is flilTi-
cicnt to kill a Man in an Hour's tiiiic; bcfidcs
Corn, Spice, Silk, Wine and Oil, with T.veral
forts of Fruit and Cattel, tli.it ari cxaemcly Fat
and th:ir Flelli very delicate , more c(pecia!ly
MJuiton, Pork and Reef: There is alfo great va-
riety of Birds and Filli. The Inhabitants bein_^
a mixture of natural Africans and Arabians ari
numerous, and for the iv.olt part Negroes ; infi-
much that fome are of Opinion, Thar the natu-
ral Colour of the Africans is onlv Black, and
that thofe among them , whole (Complexion is
White, are originally Aliaticks, or Europeans.
Thefe People are generally robuft, of a perverfe,
fubtil and altogether fervile Difpofition ; neit'ier
were they ever able eit!;cr to found, or maintain
any confiier.ible Empires. Many of them, who
Jive in Tents, are moft expert Archers, and wan-
der up and down from one place toanot'.er; be-
ing barbarous, cruel, and addided to tdolatr)-.
A great number of others, who refide in Towns,-
and are more civiliz'd, prokfi the MahMnctaa
Religion, as alio Chriftianity and Judaifm.

M. Sanfin in his French Mip, di\-ides modern ^'
Africa into twelve Farts, which are, E<>ypt, N'l-
hia, Abyfp/iia, Zanguebar, A'fomnmaj*, C/>ffari.Zi
Congo, Guinea, Nigritia, Sarra, BUed'therid, and
Barbary; to which he adds the IflanJs that are
fituated over againft y^r/V.r, more efpecially, in
the Ethiopick and Atlantick Oceans. However,
we lliall content our felves only with fevcn prin-
cipal Parts, viz. Egypt, Ethiopia, Guinea, Niirritia,
Zarra, Bilednlgcrid and Barb.rry. The tiriT aiul
fecond of theabove-mention'd Parts, which take
up above one half of Africa, extend themleives
on the Eaft, and the five others tou-ards the Weft ;
Therefore, we lliall firft defcribe the former, and
then die latter, in the fame Order .as they have
been but now recited; taking a more accurate
A^iew of, and infifting k-ngcr on the Maritim
Countries than the Inland, w';ich are partlv un-
known to the Europeans; although they are mcire
fortunate than many of the Ancients, who :;e\-er
lail'd round about the Coafts of A'^rica^ a^. the
Portuguefes firft have done, wliom t'ne E:-.s;lill-t
and Hollanders .afterw.ardsfoUow'd; the like Na-
vigation being very often perform'd even at this
day : Neither did they take any cognizance of that
Part which lyes beyond the Mountains of the
Moon, and the Spring-head oC the River Nile :
Neither had they an exa>ft Account of the reft of
the Parts of the inner Ethiopia, or of the Provin-
ces of Ethiopia below Egypt, or of die fartlier Li-
bya : 'So that they only had a certain Knowledge
of the hidicr Libya, or that Part oi\-ifrtc.i whicb
borders upon the MediteircMan Sea,

C H A v.-



CHAP. li.

Modem and ancient EGYPT.



lower E-

gypb in «!



■ S^


^On the





in wliich

On the

''On the




On the

Eafl of the

• Mitgamir

\ AfanfoPira Damiata

) Tunis Semennut

■ Elmda Bmrles

' Rofetto Bochir
I Alexandria Tfeni
> Aiotubis Teirut

■ Sindiun Fttva

Memphis Giz,a
Arfimc Fi'Am

rOn the


' BtilaJt Old Cairo
' Grand Cairo, tlie Me-
' tropolis of Esjpt
'^Emelcojena ■

^ Benifnef Alunia
,) ManfeloMt Said
) Girgio Barhanda

On the f A [nan
j EafioftheJMinio
cNiIe / Almona


The ^On the ^ Suez. Elmena

Coafts o[\Mrth / Grondel Ai.irM
the Red- J

Sea, \ rjahelez^ait Hihelez,eit

wherein J On the jSngti.m Dacati

«ware C Sopith 'S Co^ir San

^ Zibith Buga

THE Country of Egypt firft prefents itfelf
to our View, which was anciently cali'd
Aeria, by the Phenicians, and Mitz^raim,
or Afifrajim in the Sacred Writings; as alfo Cha-
nsia, otChem'.i, i.e. the Landof Uj^»«: Itishke-
wiie termed even at this day, yWi^r by the Turk?,
and A'lafftr.j oi Chcmi by the Cophtites, who are its
native Inhabitants, and moft conRantly retain
the ancient Names of Places. Its Bounds on the
Eaft, arc theRcd-Sca, Arabia Petnea, and the ho-
ly Land ; on the North, the Mouths of the River
Nile, and the Egyptian Sea ; on the Welt, the
Kingdom of Barca, being the moft Ealtern Part
of Barbary , and the fandy Defart of the fame
Name; and on the South, Nubia, and the Coalt
of Abex.- It is fituated within the 2 2d. and 3 2d.
Degrees of Northern Latitude, and extends it felf
from Welt to Eaft, in the Southern Part, ^vhere
it is br ''adeft, for the fpace of feven Degrees ; fo
that its lliape may be laid to refemble the Figure
of a long Sqiuire.

Some of the Ancients look'd upon Eg^pt as the
fourth Part of the old World, diftingiiiih'd from
Europe, Afia, and Africa : Others enclosed that
Part ot' it which lies out from the Nde towards
iiic Eaft, Avithin the Bouncb of -^^?, and the 0-

therPart on the Weft, within thofe of Africa:
Afterwards the whole Country was attributed to
Africa, and is ftill reputed to belong to the fame
Continent. The Soil of Eg^pt is different, ac-
cording to the Situation of its feveral Parts : In
thofe Tra6ts that are next to the River Nile, it is
fo over-rich and luxuriant, that the Inhabitants
are oblig'd to temper it with Sand. Thus it pro-
duces Wheat, Rice, Sugar, Cajfia, Dates, an4
other forts of Grain and Fruit in fuch abundance,
that great quantities of them are tranfported into
foreign Countries: Infomuch that Egypt, with
very good reafon, was heretofore ftyl'd, The pn-
hlick Granary of the World. The Sheep bring forth
Young twice a Year, and the Women are com-
monly delivered of two Chi Idren at a Birth ; which
extraordinary Fruitfialnefs is occafion'd (as many
are of Opinion) by drinking the Nile-Waters :
Moreover, the Fruits are almoft continually hang-
ing on the Trees. The inland Country lies wafle
for the moft part, and abounds with Sand, which
is fo Hot during the Summer and moveable by
reafon of its drynefs , that it refembles as it were
burning Water, and fliincs like Glafs melted in
a Furnace; upon which Account, it is fometimes
calfd The fiery Sea. There are very few Springs
in Egypt , and no Rivers befides the Nile. It
fcarce rains but in the Months of December, Ja-
nuary zndi February, yet feme Rain has been ob-
ferv'd to fall beyond that Seafon, at Alexandria
and Rojetto, occafion'dby the nearnefs of the Sea.
Mifts are frequent in thofe Parts, and more efpe-
ciallyDew; without which the Plants and A-
nimals could no longer fubfift ; but Thunder and
Lightning feldoni happen. There are alfo to be
feen Mummies and Pyramids, which were de-
vis'd by the Kings, to keep the common People
employed, or to hinder them from leaving any
confiderable Eltates to their Pofterity : Thefe
Pyramids ( to ufe Solinuss Expredlon ) were rais'il
with a [harp Point at top, beyond all Hi ight that can
pojjibly be carry' d on with Hands ; and ferv'd as Mo-
numents for the Kings, who were ufually bury'd
under them. Afeltonius aflures us, that he iavv
one that was fix hundred Foot high.

The Egyptians are faid to be timorous, flint-
hearted, flothful, ftupid, ignorant of all manner
of good Literature, and of a haughty, yet lervile
Dilpofition : The common People are much ad-
didfed to Lying, Robbery and Rapine, extremely
covetous of Money, and treacherous : Tlicy take
great delight in drinking Coffee and fmoking
Tobacco ; and during the Months of December,
January, February and Aiarch, are employ'd in
the hatching of Chickens in Ovens, after the Eggs
have been firft made warm ivith Stra%v. The
Copki, Cophtites, or Koptcn likewife live in Egypt,
a particular Se6t, whofe Number is now a great
deal lefs than in ancient times: They begin the
Year from the eighth day of September, which con-
fifts of twelve Months, allowing thirty days to
every Month ; and when that Term is expir'd, they
add five days, before t!;e beginning of a new Year.




Their Kalcnd.ir is in tifc among t!:c Turks; be-
fides whom, tiicre are alfo in Es^ypt, Arabian?
whofe Language is therevcry common ,with Moors,
Greeks and Jcvj.
IV. The whole Countr}' is at prcfcnt lubjcft to the
Dominion of the Tiu'ks, who among their 25 Ge-
neral Governments, reckon the Beplerbeglick of
Qtiro, or MiJJir, under which are foii'r Sangiacates ;
allotting at the iame time twelve Caffi/ifs'^ or Icf-
fer Governments, in the Kit^gdom of Burca and
E^ypt: But we lliall divide the latter into four
principal Parts, vU. the lower, middle and up-
per Egypt, and theCoalf of the Red-Sea
V- The lower £^1'/^, now call'd £mf by the In-

'^'''"'^'' habitants, and'^^'j/zi by Meltonias, takes up the
gyP^- Northern Trads that arc littiated towards the
Arms and Moull.s of the River Nile. M. Sanfon
and others reckon up four Cijfilifs, or Provinces,
Within its Jurifdidtion, vii,, Alanfoura, Garbia,
A^fenoafia and Caliouhcch, with the Territory of ^-
hxandria : The firlt of thcfe extends it icif on the
Ea(}, beyond the Arms of the iVi/f • and the relt
lye between them, taking place.among the prin-
cipal Caffilifs, more efpecially6'.!?-i«, which pro-
duces great florc of Sugar, Rice, Oil, Flax, Grafs,
and Fruits.

The Towns of this Part of Egypt, as well as
of the others were formerly very numerous ; but
Time that coniumes all things, has now almoft
bury'd them in their own Ruins. The molt conli-
derable of thefe feated on the Ealt, being gene-
rally deftimte of Walls, Trenches and Ramparts,
and only fenc'd with a Caft le on a Hill, are A^u-
gamir, cL large and neat Town, on the Eallern
Bank of the Nile, in the middle, bet^veen Cairo
and Damiata : Ailanfitira, a very fair and fpacious
Town, on the fame fide of the River : Damiat.j,
in Arabick Damiat, or Dimjat, ftands like^vife
on the Eaftern Bank of the Nile, in the form of
an Half-Moon, at the diftance of eight Italian
Miles from its Mouth ; being after Cdro the largell,
neateft, richeft, and moft populous City of the
%vhole Country of £g;)'p.% and a renowned Mart,
to which the Merchants refort in great numbers,
from all the Parts oi'Turkey : This Town is taken
by feveral Authors for ancient Pelufium, but others
affirm, that it only orew up out of the Ruins of
that City, and was built on the other fide of the
River, 'tanis call'd T-cohan by the Hebrews, not
far from the Tanatick Mouth of the Nile, where
King Pharoah heretofore kept his Court, and Aio-
fes perform 'd many Miracles: It is new quite
ruin'd, kit the Place ftill retains the Name of T^-
nes. Semenmtt, a large Town, in form of a Tri-
angle, plac'd by Aidtonius, on the Well of the
Nile. Elmala; and Bourles, on the Sea-coafts.

The nioft remarkable Places of this Part fitu-
ated towards the Weft, are Rofetto, a little but
populous Town, where the heat of the Air is more
moderate, diftant about an hour's Journey from
the Month of the Nile, and fortify 'd with two
Caftles. Bochir : And Alexandri.i, or Alejfandria,
according to the Italian Dialed; founded by ^-
/f.v;W2//fr the Great, in the n 2th. Olympiad, and
now call'd Scandcrik, by the Turks; anciently
the Metropolis of Egypt, moft renowned for the
ftudy of Philofophy, a famous Library, and Men
of extraordinavv Learning ; and of fo great E-
minency, that it far furpafs'd all the Cities of
ihe Roman Empire, except Rome, in Dignity,
Part 2

Largcncfe, Wealth, the number of Inhabitants,
Statdincis of Building, StorcofCorn, and Plen-
ty of all manner of Provifioiis : This City is now
much lallcii from its ancient Grandcoir, nevcT-
thclcfe !t is a noble Mart, and its Harbour is very
convenient, wlxrc the Indian Spices were former-
ly brought to be tranlported thence throughout
the whole Continent of Europe. We are inform cl
by A/eltoMHs, that the Houle where the leventv
Interpreters tranflatcd the Bible into Circek, that
IS to lay, the Verfion commonly call'd the S\-
ptHagint, is ftill to be lien at Ale.v.mdria, and the
laine Author makes mention of the follovvin'
Towns of good Note, feated on the A/i/f, between
Rofetto and CMro, viz,. Tfeni; Afotubis; Teirut;
Sindim; and Fuva, a very ancient, large and fiir
Town, in a moft pleaiant Champain Country,
the Fruits of which are highly eftcein'd through-
out all the Territories of E^ypt.

Between the lower Egypt", on the North, and VJ,
the upper, on the South,' lyes middle £»;;>;, now ■''^f'^dle
call'd Bechria, as alio Demefor by lome Writers, ^gyP^-
and P^oJf.ini by Meltonius ; to which M. Smfon and
others attribute three Caffiiifs, visi.. thofe of Gii^a
and Fium, on the left fide of the Nile ; and Cairo,
on the right. The capital Towns of this Country
on die Weft of the Nile, are, or were Memphis,
nam'd Mopb, or Noph in Sacred Writ, feated on
the Weftern Bank, of the Nile, a little above the
place where that divides it felf into feveral Bran-
ches, or Arms; heretofore the Royal Seat of the
Egyptian Kings , confecrated to the God Apisy
who was worlhipp'd Tinder the Ihape of an O.k ;
And (asthe Arabians give it out) the Habitation
of Jufeph ; near which tlie Pyramids were built,
and jofeph's Pillars, that fer\'e to meafure the in-
creale and decreafe of the Nile; being (accord-
ing to Meltonim) the firft of all that were erected
on that River : But the City of Memphis now lies
wafte, altogether deftitute of Inhabitant? , and
its Ruins are call'd Aienchis , by M. BaitJrand.
Giz,a anciently Arfmoe, noted for its Labyrinth ;
formerly an eminent Town, but now reduc'd to
a meer heap of Rubbilh, rais'd up as it were to
a Mountain, and nam'd Medinet Fares, by the
Inhabitants: And Fium, a large and moft popu-
lous Town, which rofe up out of the Ruins of
Arfmoe, and is ivater'd by the River Nile, in a
very fruitful and moft pleaiant Country, abound-
ing with Vines, which are to be found no where
elle in Egypt, as alio with Figgs, Pear?, Oranges,
Lemmons and Peaches.

On the Eaft: of the Nile appear the following
Places and Towns of good Note, viz.. Bulah, a
large Village or Town (as others will have i:) on
the River-fide, which is the Harbour 0^ Cairo:
Old Cairo termed Aiajfr by the Arabians, King
in the middle, between the Nile and new Cairo^
over againft the place where Aiemphis was here-
tofore fituated ; formerly a fpacious and magni-
ficent Cit}'', but now almoft reduc'd to Ruins ;
being the fame (according to Pcffr deilaf^M'eJ
with old Babylon, lb call'd by the Chaldeans; but
Melionins is oi Opinion, that the latter ftood a
little farther, towards the South, and fays that be-
fides the vaft heaps of Rubbilli, there are only left
three Churches belonging to the Cnphtites : And
new Cairo, otherwile call'd Grand Cairo and Al-
ciiiro, feated in a moft pleafant Champain Coun-
try, on the foot of a fii^dy Hill, ljAving_a.Caltle
P ' en




en its top, which is the chief Bulwark of the Town,
ahd the Scat of the TurkiOi Governour: It is a
moll wealthy, populous and fpacious City ; and
not only the Metropolis of Egypt^ but alio of all
Africi; the largenefs of which is every where
highly celebrated ; but leveral modern Authors
afiurc us, That retrenchmg old C<?/>o , and 5«//i^,
whicli others include under the lame Denomina-
tion, it docs not exceed in Compafs the City of

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