Herman Moll.

A system of geography; or, A new & accurate description of the earth in all its empires, kingdoms and states. Illustrated with history and topography, and maps of every country .. online

. (page 159 of 176)
Online LibraryHerman MollA system of geography; or, A new & accurate description of the earth in all its empires, kingdoms and states. Illustrated with history and topography, and maps of every country .. → online text (page 159 of 176)
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October. The Country is mountainous, yet pro-
duces great (tore of "Spanifl-i Fruit ; as alfo Cocao-
nsifs, ^Mayz., Cotton, and the fineft Brimltone;
and in the Rivers are bred Crocodiles of a prodi-
gioi^ bulk- The moft eminent Towns of Proper
Giiatirr'ala on the Coaft of the Pacifick Sea are ,
La Iririidad, and S. Miguel : At a- little farther
diftance from the Shore, appear Xaren, and S.
Salvoilor,- a Town of a finall Compafs. S. Jago
_'^ . deGnAtimaln, the Metropolis of this Province and
" " Aiidience, on which it has imposed its Name, is
the nfdft remote of all the Towns from the Coaft ;
bqirig feated in a very pleafant Valley, on the
Rivj:r Afuatcya, and near a Fblcano, or burning
MoiTntain, that often cafts forth Flames. It was
tiuilt_^. D. 1524,' and adorn'd with an Univer-
fity, founded hy Philip IV. King oi Spain, in 1628.
Ip5'?^lfc5 the See of a Biftiop, who is SuflFragan
to"th'e"Archbifladp' of A<fexico, and the Supreme
CpqVf of Judicature for the whole Country isufu-
Ally kept tljere. From thence we pafs to the reit
of'tife Provinces of tliis Government, which are
waftiXl by the North-Sea.
Xxiv- ;; The Province o£^ rera-Paz,, i. c. Real Peace
Vera- owcs its Name to the Dominican Monks, be-
Pazr. M- ;-** .,..«.....


caufe It is faid to have been reduc'd to Obedience
and peaceable Subjection, by the means of their
Preaching: It JS lituated on the innermoft Bay of
f% P'^ of HondurM, between the Territories
ot Chiapa, Soconnfio, Guatimala and HondnrM This
I rovince is of a great deal lefs Extent tlian Gna-
tmala, but is watered with many Rivers • It is
more efpecially noted for its Lakes, Hot Baths
Medicinal Springs and hi°h Mountains, and is
very truit&l of ^^^j^, as alfo of China and Afe-
choacanKooK, Salfaparilla, 2indCed:ix-tiees: There
are di vers forts of wdld Beafts, particularly Lions
Tigers, Fallow Deer, Apes, Monkeys, and Ser-
pents , befides Eagles, Parrets, and other kinds
ot birds, the Feathers of which are highly efteem'd.
The Weather continues rainy for a lone time'
and the Serenity of the Air is often difturb'd by
Thunder, Lightning and nnpetuous Storms of
Wind. The capital Town likewife nam' d rera-
Paz, ftands m the inland Country, on the Foot
of the Mountains, near the River Dolce, and is
but of a fmall Extent : Its Epifcopal See eftabliifh'd
A. D. I <556 was united to that oiGimimala in 1607.

The Province of //o«riar/J^, i.e. The Deep, bcintr XXV '
the largeft of this Audience prefents itfelf to ourHondu-
View, next to Vera-Paz. It is bounded on the "s P.
North, by the Northern Sea, and the Gulph to
which it has communicated its Name; on the
Eaft, by the fame Sea;, on the South, by
Nicaragua; on the South- Weft by Guatimala-
and on the Wert, by Fera-Paz: Its crreat-
eft Extent from Weft to Eaft, between l^era-
Paz, and the North Sea, takes up about 200
Leagues, but its Breadth fcarce contains 100. It
is befet with Mountains, and affords great plen-
ty of Mayz and Wheat, befides Pafture for all
torts of Cattel, and Mines of Gold and Silver.
The moft confiderable Towns of this Province are
Truzillo, or Trugilho, feated on the Gulph, with
a fine Harbour , Filla de Naco, not far from the
Sea-coaft ; xS". Pedro, or St. Peter's in the inland
Country ; as alfo Gracias h Dios ; S. Jorve d' O-
lancho, fo nam'd by Herrera, and St. Jago We O-
lancho by odiers ; and Valladolid, whicl? the In-
habitants generally call Comayagua, a little City,-
yet the Metropolis of Honduras built near the
Mountains, in the middle, between the Northern
and Pacifici Seas. It was ereJted into an Epif-
copal See under the Metropolitan of S. Domingo^
A. D. i^-^S, and is diftant 100 Leagues from S.
Jago de Gmtimda.

The Province of Nicaragua, othenvifc termed xxvi
The New Kingdom of Leon, lyes next to Honduras Nicara-
and Guatimala, on the South, and its Coafts are guar.
walTi'd by two Seas, vi-c. the Northern on the.
Eaft, and the Pacifick on the Weft. It extends
itfelf fartheft between thofe Seas, and is reckoifd"
among the largeft Provinces of this Audience, ot
general Government. The Country produces
good ftore of A£tyz,, Cocoa-nuts, Cotton, Cloth,
and feveral kind ■ of Cattel; but it wants Wheat
and Sheep, and is water'd by few Rivers. ' How-
ever, ibme make no fcraple to Ityle it the Para-
dife of Mahomet, upon Account of its fruitfulncls
and plenty of Gold. The moft noted Places and
Towns of Nicaragua, are Segovia la Nueva ; Rea-
lejo, on the Coaft of the Pacifick Sea ; La Poffef-
fim, a very convenient and fafe Harbour, dillant
only one League from that Town ; Lson., or Leon
ds Nicitragfia , the chief City of the Province ,.



Northern AMERICA.


feated on the Lake of Leon ; in Spanilh, La 'La-
gma de Leon, which takes up 2-^ Leagues in Com-
pafs, and not far from a burning Mountain.
This City is the See of a Prchite, who is fuffra-

of which fimc will have it to conftitutc a Part;
lying in like manner between the two Sais'
fo that iis largcft Traft is waQi'd by tlie Pacifici]
and the other by the Nortli-Sca. It is of a JefTcr

gant to the Arch-bifliop o^ Mexico, and is Ji~ Extent than Nicaragua, but not infcriour to that
Hant 12 Leagues Eaftward from the Coall of the Province in Fruiifulncfs, atfordin" alfo feveral
Paafic Ocean, and the Town_of Reale/o ; as alfo Mines of Gold and Silver. Its Towns arc I^woya

1 8 from Gnvuda: This laft Towns ftands on a on the Coaft of the PAcifid Sea and the Gulph of

Ipacious Lake of the lame Name, otherwife S^Imm : Aranjue^c, on tlie fame Coaft but a

call'd the Lake of Nicaragua ; extending itfelf great deal farther towards the Soudi-Eaft • Ca/};

m length from Weft to Laft, for the fpace q^ ■'-"■■•■ • • - . . - j

35 Leagues; as alfo 20 in Breadth from Nonh
to South, and about po in Compais : The Lake

receives fevcial conhderable Rivers, and contains
many Iflands, among which lix are chiefly emi-
nent and well cultivated: At a little diftance
Southward from Granada appears Mount Majfaja,
which cafts forth Flames. Laftly, the Town of
^aen is remarkable for its Situation, at the far-
ther end of the Lake of Granada, where the River
Defaguadero ifl'ues forth ; which is alfo call'd El

d' Anjlrix, in the inland Country; And Cmago,
the Capital, almolt in the middle of die Pro-

The eighth and Lift Province of this Audience, XXVIir.
or general Government, is f^eragua, which lyes^^"g"^
next to Coila Ricca, on the Ea'ft, between the^-
Northern and Southern Seas, and on tiic Borders
of Terra Flrma, a Province of Southern Amerba:
It was dignify'd with the Title of a Dukcdome
in fiivour of^ the Family of Colon, or Colun^m,
and contains the following Towi-.s, tic. Pariu


Ricca ?.

Rio de S. Juan, or S. John's River, by the Spa- xyith a convenient Harbour on tb.e'Coart of tlic
niards, who inhabit thofe Parts: It flows from
thence Eaft ward, and after aCourfeof 30 Leagues,
difcharges itfelf with three Mouths into the North-
Sea: This River is very broad, but its Paflage is
obftrudted by three Cataracts.

The Province of Cojia Ricca, or Rica, i. e. Tfie
Rich Coad, borders on the South of Nicaragua,

Pacifick Sea, to which the adjacent Gulph owes
its Name : Carlof, on the lame Coa(t : Santa Fi,
in the inland Country: La Trinidad, near the
North Sea: And not far from thence , La Gn-
cepcion, a little Town, but the Capital of the
whole Province.


the Antilles Ijlands
Rico, and the Caribbee
St. Chriftophers, &x.

viz. Cuba .


Jamaica , Hifpaniola , Porto
Barbados, Nevis, Antego,

Confiilt the Map of Terra PirrnA.




AFTER having made a diftinfl Defcription
of the feveral Parts of the Continent of
Northern America, together with fome of
the principal lilands that lye over againft them;
it is requifite in like manner to defcribe the fmh
and laft Part of the fame America, that is to fay,
the Iflands of the Archipelago of Mexico. They
are all in general call'd by divers Geographers
AntilU, q. d. Ante InfnU, 'i.e.TheFore-IJlands, by
reafon of their Situation before the Gulph of Mexi-
co, and in regard that they firlt come in fight to
thofe that fail from Europe, or Africa, before the
Coafts oi New Spain: Others only underftand by
that Name, the four greater Iflands, viz,. Cuba,
Jamaica, Hijpanida, and Porto Rico- to which
fome add the Caribbee- Ifies. But we Ihall here
take the Term Antilles in its largeft Signification,
comprehending all the Iflands which appear be-
tween Florida, a Part of Northern America, on
the North; and Terra Firma, a Province of
Southern America, on the South.

The Antilles may be conveniently divided in-
to the LucayAi, the Great Antilles, the Carib-
bees, and the Sottovento-Ifes. The Lttcayos-Ijles,
or Bahama Iflands, lye m the middle, between
the Eaftern Coalts of the Province of Te-

gefia, or Proper Florida, and the Northern Coaft
oi Hifpaniola ; that is to fay, between the 295 and
and 30'5 Degr. of Longitude, and the 21 and 28
Dcgr. of Northern Latitude. They are faid to
have the Advantage of a more temperate Air,
than the reft of the Antilles , abounding with
Mayz., feveral forts of Fruit and Fowl, arnon^
which there are numerous Flocks of Pigeons and
Doves. Brijhchus affures us, tliat the chief of
thefe Iflands on the North, are inhabited by the
Englifh; but fince no mention is made of any
Colonies in the neweft Relations, feveral Authors
are of Opinion, that they arc under the Govern-
ment of their own Princes, and that there arc
no Plantations belonging either to the Engliili, or
Spaniards, although both ihcle Nations have of-
ten made Defcents upon them.

The Lttcayos-Jfles are many in number, fo that
it is fufficient only to give an Account of the
chief of diem. The following Iflands reach from
the Tropick of Cancer Northward, w-c. Bahofm:,
to which the adjacent rapid and formidable
Straight call'd // Canal de Bahama by the Spaniards,
owes its Name ; Lucayonequa, the moft Northern
and moft eminent of thofe Ifles ; Bim'tni, which
is llirrounded by.thc Qoicklands ; 2.i3.KoAhactni;

Ci^H/^CQ ;




Northern AMERICA.


Ciguateo; Gmrao; Curateo, from whence a very
large Sand-bank extends itfelf" on the Weit and
South; Juma; Cotoniera; Gi^anahani, with a. c^pa.-
cious and fafe Harbour, which was difcover'd nrlt
of all the Parts of the New World, on Thurfday
Ocloh. II. 1492, by Chri/iopher Colon, or Columbus,
Tvho gave it die Name of S. Salvador, in Honour
of our Saviour, by whofc Divine Providence he
efcap'dDeath, to which the Spaniards defign'd to
put him, unlefs fome Land, or Coaft weredefcry'd
that very day, Gmnima, a long Ifland, reaching
12 Leagues from North to South, %vhich the fame
Colu-mbm ioux\A out, and call'd Santk 'Maria de
la Concepcion ; Triangula fo nam'd from its Figure ;
and Samaria. Tnwetd lyes under the Tropick of
Cancrr, and the reft ofthcfe Iflands are extend-
ed Southward from ;^the fame Tropick, vi^-. Ada-
jaguana \ CaitM ; A'M:aiia ; Linaga •, Hinagua ; and
Tort^gd, a- little Ifland call'd La Torttf'e by the
French, who have been Mafters of it for fome
Years-: Ittakes up.7 Leagues in Length from Eaft
to Weft, and about 4 in Breadth from North
to South ; bein" i^czvcc diflant 8 ?vliles from the
Northern Coaft of Hifpai/iola, and only 35 Spa-
iiifh Leagues from the Eaftern Part of C^i^: This
Ifland is mountainous, but has* a convenient
Harbour and a little Town, which f-fands on an
Hill, and is defended by Dogeron-Fort, lb calfd
from Bertrand Doghcron who built it, and firft
planted the French Colonies in Hijpaniola.

-TV. From the Lucayos-Ijles, we pafs to the great
the great Antilles, to which A. Cofta thinks fit to appro-
Antilles, priate that Name, excluding all the^reit: They
are four in number, viz. Cuba, Jan^Ma; Hifffa-
niola and Porto Rico, which with the neighbouring
Illands, M. Sanfon fuppofes to baye -t|^Q "the Hej-x
pfr/V/« of the AnciciiK! ' ' • '

^- >:;.;:-. -v7_/i ,.,■ .■..^;v;-.-J. ... ^^^■■
Guba/j7«ri '^^UBA formerly nam'd Perdinanda , by Co-
lumbm, the firft Difcoverer of it, is the moft
Northern and Weftern of the four Iflands but
now mention'd, the largcft oC iill th^ Antilles, .
and one of the chief that belong to the whole
_ Continent of Aweric^;, the Coaft of its .Weftcoi
Part lying oiit but- adittle South<.yard frpm the
Tropick; of Cwirf'r.' It is'dil-tant I S Leagues Well-
ward from Hifpa>iiolit, and, 20 Notthw-ard from
J am. 'tic. I ; eKtendiiig'ttielf "for tti'e.;,^ace of 229
Spanifli Leagues fiwiji Eaft to ^Sfeftj biit. its
Breadth, where ft'ifwrdcl^, fcarf^^ikfcs up 5^'^
^Leagues, and dii;Iy,|ji,^in, its naricAveft Extent.
J This Ifland isbcft-fV^'itli Mountain's,- cine of wlaicii
_ yirlds!a kind oiBifmtin, or Pitch, that is of firi-
" giilitr ufe in the eaJKing. of Ships. ' Tliere are alixj
many Woods, and flveral .Rivers with Qolden

■ Sands , • befidts 'great' ■qua;itities" 'ot. Madder for

■ Dyer?, and Ox-hide?. The Country breeds Ser-
pents of a prodigious fize, but free irom Poifoij,
and' ttrtain Stoj,ie-B,alls., -vvhich Nature makes fo

Yoiitld, that it ciirtnot be exceeded by. Art. "the
Ifland of G/^.r has.' continued inilie ,I?ofl"efflon of
the Spaniards, ever fliice tlie Year '1510, when it
%vas-nrft fubdtiUby Biego rclafqHez, and its Me-
tropolis is Havana, tx S. Chrijl^vti^ de Havana, a
ftioft.ftronglyl'ortif/dMart-TovV.n,, with the mpl^
■renowned and mdt capacious -Harbour, of all
■Northern America, on. the' North-Coaft j ; where
the Royal Fleet is ilfualiy fitted out, and conti-
Ti'ucs in th.tt Station till tlie ,SeaIbn.'of the Year,

and the favourable Winds feem to promife a
profpcrous paflage to Spain. This City is alfo
the Seat of the Govcrnour, and the whole Ifland
■ is often ca.\Yd. Havana from its Name. Santa Critz
is feated fomewhat more Eaftward : as alfo Porto
del Principe, a great deal farther,- Efpintu Santo,
on the Southern Coaft; Mancanilla, on the in-
nermolt Bay of the Guiph ; ;ind S. J ago de Cuba
on the Eaftern Part of the Southern Coaft ; for-
Inerly the Capital Town, but now almoft re-
duc'd to a Village ; nevcrthelcls it fHll retains its
Epifcopal See under the Metropolitan of S. Do-
mingo, and has the advantage of a Fort, with a
very large Harbour.

The Ifland of J A M A 1 C A, being a great deal V-. ,
lefs than the former, was firft difcover'd by C/j/i- •j^"'^'*^^
fiophjr Columbus, the Genoefe, m his fecond Voy- ^ ^'
age to America, and by him call'd St. J ago, or
S. James's Ifle ; Avherc he ^vas in great danger of
lofing his Life , for %vant of Provifions , and
procured a timely Relief for himfelf and
Company, by an accurate Predidtion of an
approaching Eclipfe of the Moon. Thus the
Spaniards became Mafters of it j and retain'd
it in their, Pofleflion; till they were expell'd
by the Englifli, under the Conduft of Col. /^'«^t
hies and Penn, in the time of O. CromivelPs Ulur-
paticn, A. D. 16^^. This Ifland is fituated be-
tween the 17 and 18 Degr. of Northern Latitude,.-
and is diftant about 23 SpanilTi Leagues South-
ward from Cuba; as alio 35 Weltward fi'om
Hlfpaniola , and 1 50 to the North-Weft , from
Cartagena, on the Continent of Southern America.
htalces up 170 Englilli Miles in Length from
Eaft to Weft, about'" 70 in. us greateft^ Breai^h,
from Nprt^i to South,. and, g'O iaCompafs; -.-Its
Shape comes .near to an Oval Figure, lyia^^ out
firtheft in the middle and-growing nMrrov^er by
degrees, at both ends. A cdntinf.iai Ridge of lofty
Mountains runs quite through the Heart of the
inland Country, tioin Eaft to Weft.- They rile
lip. on all lidcs with a gentle Afcent, and aboiuid
"with Springs, that give ril"e to the great number
|.of Rivers, ^w<th which the whole Ifland is fo pjen-
-tifully water'd.; .,, ■ ' '

The ; Air is very ferene and calm, and' more
.temperate than in many, of the neiglibouring
.Ifles:. the, Heat being much qualify 'd by. -frefn
'Breezes, which contmually blow Eaftwardly ,
Yreqnent Showers of Rain,. and, great Dews'that
pfall in the.nightand extremely promote thegrowth
.'of Plants ,- . Ncid-ier do thofe deftruftive Hurricanes
.'a"nd, Earthquakes happen here, with \Vhich the
,rcft: of the Carihhees, and. other Places are ![o. of-
ten infcfted. \Jppn which .Account, the late ter-
rible Earth-q^:ike in i65>2, .may well be look'd
upon by thelnliabitants, as a, fpecial Judgment
xA God, diavvn upon them by their great Sins. It
is^obfervahle, that the Weftern and Eaftern Parts
arc: moft liibjedt to 'Winds and Rain; the thick
.\Jy!oods making, the Air lels agreeable, than
^u'tbe Northern and Southern Territories, which
-ij:e more Champion andopen. The inountainous
Tiafts are a great dreat deal cooler, and fmall
Hoar-Frofts are often leen there nj the Morning.
The nioft remarkable -wet Se.afons are in November,
or Ahy, and ilic Winter can fcarce be perceiv'd,
but by a little more Rain, and Thunder than
is ufaal iii the Summer, The Winds conftantly



Northern A M E R. 1 C A.

blow from llic EaRein Qi>arter,all tlicDay, Tiom
nine a Clock in the Mornino, and become liiorc
freflijasthcSLm rife higher ; by which means haid
Labour is rcnder'd tolerable, even at Noon : But
from eight at Night to the (-uiie Hciii: in the
Morning, the VVeliern Winds arc often predo-
minant ; and by the help of thole gentle Gales
or Breezes, the Vcfiels get out of the Harbours.
The Days and Nights arc almoll always of an
equaj length, without any fenfible Increafe, or

The Soil in mod Parts, cfpccialiy the Northern,
is rich and fat, confiiting of a blackilh Mould -,
in many places it is intermix'd with a kind of
Clay ; and in the Southern and VVeftern Trails,
it partakes of a more ieddilli and loofe Earth-.
But it is every wlierc wonderfully frtiitful, bein<T
often refrclL'd with moderate Showers of Rain
and fattening Dews ; fo that the Country enjoys
a continual Spring, and is extremely deligiilful,
in regard that the Trees and Plants are never
difrob'd of their Stnnmcr-Livdry. The Forells
afford great variety of ufeful Woods, both for
Dyers and Artificers, as Brafiletto, Cedar, Fu-
Itick, Red-wood, Lignum f^iu, Mothogency, E-
bony, Granadilla, C7c. of which great quantities
are Exported, and much Advantage ihade of
them. The Ground likewife by labour in Til-
lage, brings forth great ftore of Corn, Tobacco,
Peas, Beans, Collyflowers, Cabbages, and all
forts of Garden-herbs, Pot-herbs and Roots, as
Parfley, Lettice, Purflain, Lavender, Rofemary,
Sage, Sweet-Marjoram, Savoury, Time, Pota-
toes, Radillies, Carrets, Turneps, &c. It alfo
produces plenty of choice Fruits, as AvocatM,
Cocao-Nuts, Alnmee-S<Apotds, Cucumbers, Bona-
fnes, Curtar'd-Apples, Cajhrn, Grapes, Greavars,
Limes, Mdnmec, Oranges, Pktintdnsy Prickle-
Apples, Prickle-Pears, Pines, Pomegranates,
Sower- Sops, Suppotilluis, &c.

There are many delightful Savarias, diverfify'd
with Hills and Woods, which formerly were
Fields of yJ/^y;!:,,' or Indian Corn, and were con-
verted into Pafture by the Spaniards. Thefe
Plains, litho' otherwile barren, as being left fo
long untilled, yield abundance of liixuriant
Grafs, for the feeding of numerous Herds of Car-
tel, as Horfes, Cows, Afnegroes, Mules, Goats,
Sheep, and Hoggs both %vild and tame, whofe
Flerti is far more agreeable to the Palate, more
nourilliing, and ot ealier Digeftion, than thofe
of England -, upon that account it is much ea-
ten in this Ifland, .Ind even throughout all the
American Plantations. Among the noxious A-
nimals, which are very few, the mod remarka-
ble are, the Mmchond, a fort of Crab, common
in all the Caribbse Ijla, and the Alligator, a kind
cf Crocodile ; The latter are extremely voraci-
ous, and fome of them are ten, tiftecn, or twen-
ty Foot long, having four Feet, or Fiiis, with
which they go, or fwim : Their Backs are fca-
iy and impenetrable, and they are hardly to
be kilfd, unlefs wounded ni the Belly, or Eye :
They are very fwift in running forwards, and as
flow in turning ; fo that they may be eafily a-
voided, and may likewile be difcovcr'd by the
fmell of their Musk-cods, which are ftrongei:
fccnted, than thofe of the Eaji-Indks : They are
obfcrv'd to make no manner of Noife, but ufu-
ally lye on the Banks of Rivers, relembling a

dry.Log of Wood, or dead CarcaCs, andfud-
denly fcizeoti any Bealt or Fowl that comes to
drink ; thcfe Creatures lay their Eggs in the Sand,
of the bigncfs of a Turky s, and carefully cover
tiiem ; afterwards the Young ones arc hatcli'd by
tlic heat of the Sun, and naturally creep into the
Water. However, an Ointment made of their
Fat, is faid to be an cilicacious Remedy, for any
internal Aches in the Joints, or Bones. There
are alio Snakes and GuiMas, but tliey di) little
huirt ; bcfidcs, Aiufkcttoes, and Merry-tpings, a
fort of Hinging Flies that arc very troub^Ioni
in fome Parts of the I(lc, but fcldom annoy the
Englilli Plantations.

The Sea-coafts and Inland Trails, are frequen-
ted by innumerable Flocks of Wild Fowl; as
Geefc, Ducks, Turkeys, Gw'wc*? Hens, Teals, Plo-
vers , Widgeons , Snrpcs, Flemmings, Parrcts ,
Parroquctto's, &c. To which the tame Fowlsj
as Hens, Turkeys, Geefe, and Ducks, Pigeons
And Turtle-doves, are not much inferiour. The
Rivers, Brooks, Bays and Creeks, aftbrd great
llore of admirable Filli, and efpecially fuch as
are peculiar to the Wefi-Indies; the chief of which
are Tortoifes, taken in great quantities on the
Coad, as alfo about 20 or 30 Leagues to the
Lee\vard of Port Negril, by the Camavos IJles j
where many Vefiels refort in the Months of J/<j>y
June and July, to be loaded with this FilTi,
which is reckon'd among the moft \vhollbm and
bed Provifions of thcfe Parts; for the Commo-
dities of this Ifland, the chief and moil benefi-
cial are Cocao-Nuts and Chocolate, by reafon of
the aptnefs of the Soil to bring forth that fort of
Fruit, above other Places : Infomuch that above
100 Cocao Walks are already completed, befides
abundance of young Walks that are growing
up, and ftill more a planting. The otlier confi-
derable Produdlions, are Sugars, fo good that
they out-fell thofe of Barbadoes Five Shillings
per Cent. Indico ; CottDn of an extraordinary
Finenels ; Tobacco ; Hides ; Salt ; Tortois-lliells,
which are us'd in England for feveral curious
Works ; Cocheneal, Ginger, Cod-peper ; and Ja-
w<i/V<2 Pepper, that has the Tafte of divers Spices,
and grows here plentifiilly, even Wild on the
Mountains. To thefe Commodities may be ad-
ded an admirable variety of Phyfical Druggs,
Gums, Roots, and Balfams, as Acacia, Achihs,
Aloes, Benjamin, Cajfia, Contrayerna, Cyperas, China-
Root, Fijhia, Gitiaciim, Sarfaparilla, Sumach, Ta-
marinds, Vincllo's, and feveral others ; the Virtues
and Names of which are not yet known.

The Indians or Original Natives of Jothmca,
were utterly deftroy'd by the Spaniards, to the
number of above 60000; and as for the Englifh,
w'ho are the prefent Inhabitants, they are go-
yern'd by Laws, made as confonant to thofe of
England, as the different Circmnllances of the
Places wnll admit : They have their feveral
Courts, Niagiftrates, and OfHccrs, for putting
thefe Laws in Execution ; hearing and«deter-
mining all Caufes and Controvcrlies between
adverfe Parties, &c. Divine Service in their
Parilli-Churches, which arc Fourteen in Num-
ber, is perform'd according to the^Form and Ce-
remonies of the prefent cflablilh'd Chirrch oi
England, and under the jurildiilion of the Bi-
liiop of London. The whole Illind is divided
into Foiirtcen Precind?, or P.arilhes, -jic S:,
B b Eliznheth't



Northern AMERICA.

EUz^aheth^i, Clarendon, St. Catherines, St. Johns,
Port-Royal, St. Andrew's, St. David's, St. Ihornds's
St. James's, St. Anns, St. Marys, St. George's ;
and two Precinfts, that have not as yet any par-
ticular Names, but both border upon St. Eliza-
beth's, one Northwards and the other EaRwards.
All thefe Precirdts ( according to an Account
taken by Sir Thomas Modiford, the third Gover-
nour of this Ifle, and fet down by M. Blo/fie, J
contain'd 17298 Inhabitants; befides 3000 lully
Mariners and Boat-men belonging to the Ifland,
who have fignaliz'd their Valour in their late
Attempt upon the Spaniards at Panama : But
this Number has been extremely encreas'd fince
that time, and may w^ell be fuppos'd at pre-
fent, to be above thrice as great as it was under
the Regency of the aforefaid Governour.

trgt'ijl) The Ifland of Jamaica, as yet has but fe^v no-

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